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The Commissioner may formulate rules for the organization and maintenance of local fire companies to fight forest fires and may engage for that purpose such

men as may be necessary. When necessary he shall provide fire preFighting vention and fire fighting apparatus, establish observation stations and Forest engage men to attend them. He shall provide fire signals and adopt a Fires. fire signal code. He may cause trails to be cut, ditches dug, and bar

riers erected such as may be necessary, in his judgment, to enable persons quickly to get to the fires and to prevent and fight fires. Under the Commis sioner the superintendents of fire are charged with preventing and extinguishing forest fires in their respective fire districts and with the approval of tne Commissioner each superintendent shall divide his district into separate fire patrol districts and subdivide them from time to time as the public interest requires. During seasons of drouth or other times when forest fires are liable to be set or spread, with the approval of the Commissioner the superintendents may employ suitable persons as fire patrolmen permanently to remain on and patrol such fire patrol districts and to prevent or extinguish any fires started thereon. The Commissioner and superintendents of fires, or if they be absent and fires actually are burning in the forests, the fire patrolmen and supervisors may hire horses and incur other necessary expenses. and summon any male person of the age of eighteen years to aid in stopping the fires. Any person physically able who refuses to aid shall be liable to a penalty of $20. Each ire patrolman shall make detailed report of any fire in his district to the superintendent of fires, who shall transmit it to the Commissioner. Fire patrolmen shall receive $75 a month and expenses while actually employed. Laborers engaged by patrolmen or superintendents of fires shall receive 15 cents an hour for time actually employed. One-half the expense of fighting fires shall be a charge upon the state and one-half upon the town in which the men are employed and actually engaged in fighting fires.

Any person who sets fire to waste or forest lands in the forest preserve counties, except as provided by law, or who negligently suffers a fire to extend as provided by law. or who negligently suffers a fire to extend from his own lands to other lands is guilty of a misdemeanor and is punishable by inprisunment of not more than one vear or a fine of not more than $1.000, or both, for each offence. Also such person shall be liable for damages to the state, or to individuals. corporations or municipali_ ties at the rate of $1 for each tree killed. Spread of fire from a railroad or any person using, manufacturing or producing any coal, wood. oil or other fuel or any inflammable material for other than domestic purposes shall be prima facie evidence of negligence.

When public necessity requires. the Governor shall have authority to suspend the hunting and fishing seasons and can forbid any persons to enter the forests of the state for such purposes, and forbid those already in the forest lands to hunt or fish. Violation nf such proclamation shall he a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of $100 os imnrisonment for not more than thirty days, or both, in addition to the penalties for taking game in the close season.

The act Ases the season for taking buck deer from September 16 to November 15, both inclusive. Chapter 241 appropriated $12.ono from the moneys received for hunting licenses

to be used by the Forest. Fish and Game Commissioner to estahjame Birds.

lish a farm for propagating and distributing game birds to restock lepleted covers in this state.

Chapter 569 authorized the selection. location and appropriation of certain ands in the town of Saratoga Springs for a state reservation, to preserve the

natural mineral springs located therein. The Governor laratoga Reservation. shall appoint, by and with the consent of the Senate, three

commissioners, residents of New York State, to he known is "the Commissioners of the State Reservation at Saratoga Springs." Each Comnissioner shall hold office for five years and until another is appointed in his place vo member of the board shall receive any compensation for his services, but shall b: untitled to actual expenses in performing the duties of his office. It shall be the duty of this board. which shall have the power to select and locate lands in the town o? faratoga Springs nd any rights. ea sements or interest upon or in any lands in said cwn, as it shall deem proper and necessary to he taken to preserve the natural minera' inrings and restore them to their natural condition. The board may acquire rights asements or interest in any pronerty the whole of which it shall not acquire to proert springs or mineral water rights on any lands it shall acquire. The commission hall cause maps to be made by the State Engineer of lands which, or rights and easenents in which, it shall determine to take, and these maps shall be certified by a na jority of the commissioners and Aled in the office of the Secretary of State and the County Clerk of Saratoga County. From the time of the filing of any such map. with yroner particuars, the title of the lands, rights, easements or interests therein specified shall become the property of the State of New York and constitute a portion of the eservation.

By a majority vote of its members the board shall have power within sixty days of he filing of any such map to agree with each and any of the owners of lands, rights or asements on the fair value thereof, and may agree on a price to he raid hy the state. nd the amounts thus agreed on shall be audited by the State Controller and paid by the itate Treasurer on the certificate of the board and written approval of the Governor ut of any funds appropriated for that purpose. In case the board shall not agree with ny owner, then such owner or owners may recover judgment in the Court of Claims subject of creating a board of fiscal control for state institutions and departments. law was passed creating a commission appointed by the Governor and leaders of the two legislative houses to study the subject of employers' liability and the condition of the unemployed. Among other laws passed were two forbidding the practice of law by corporations except charitable legal aid associations; making the removal of an automobile from a garage and its use by any person without the consent of the owner, larceny; creating a board of ambulance control in New York City, and forbid. ding the issuance of corporate stock of New York City to pay running expenses.


NEW YORK ORGANIZED MILITIA. The military forces of this state are under the command of the Governor, the commander-in-chief of all forces. General headquarters, adjutant general's office, Albany, N. Y., and State Arsenal, 35th street and Seventh avenue, New York City. All orders governing the military forces of this state are promulgated from this office by command of the Governor, and all correspondence upon military subjects is transmitted to the adjutant general's office. The organized militia of the state consists of the National Guard and the Naval Militia. Adjutant general, State of New York, Brigadier General Nelson H. Henry.

The National Guard consists of the several staff departments, one field hospital, two companies of signal corps, two squadrons and two separate troops of cavalry, one battalion of three batteries and one separate battery of field artillery, one regiment of engineers, thirteen regiments of infantry, a medical department and a coast artillery corps of thirty-one companies, organized in three artillery districts. The strength of the guard on September 30, 1909, was as follows:

Officers. | Enlisted Men. Total. General and Staff Officers...



151 Medical Department.


677 Signal Corps..


167 Engineers


793 Cavalry


594 Field Artillery.


449 Coast Artillery Corps.


2,387 Infantry


11,171 Totals


16,289 The National Guard is commanded under the orders of the Governor by Major General Charles F. Roe, with headquarters at the Capitol, Albany, and an office at No. 280 Broadway, New York City, to which headquarters are attached the Field Hospital, 1st and 2d companies, Signal Corps, Squadrons A and C, Troops B and D, Cavalry; the 1st Battalion and 6th Battery, Field Artillery; the Coast Artillery Corps and the 22d Regiment, Engineers.

The Coast Artillery Corps comprises three districts, the 13th, 9th and 8th Artillery districts, and the Chief of Coast Artillery is Brigadier General David E. Austen, with headquarters at the 13th District Coast Artillery Armory, Sumner and Jefferson avenues, Brooklyn, N. Y.

The infantry is organized in four brigades, as follows:

„First Brigade--Brigadier general, George Moore Smith; headquarters, Park avenue and 34th street, New York City; composed of the 7th, 12th, 69th and 71st regiments.

Second Brigade—Brigadier general, John G. Eddy; headquarters, No. 1322 Bedford avenue, Brooklyn; composed of the 14th, 230 and 47th regiments.

Third Brigade-Brigadier general, James H. Lloyd; headquarters, No. 72. Chapel street, Albany; composed of the 1st, 2d and 10th regiments.

Fourth Brigade - Brigadier general, Lauren W. Pettebone; headquarters, No. 451 Main street, Buffalo;. composed of the 3d, 65th and 74th regiments.

The Naval Militia is composed of two battalions and two separate divisions. The strength of the Naval Militia is 55 officers and 755 enlisted men, a total of 810. The Nayal Militia is commanded under the orders of the Governor by Captain Jacob W. Miller, with headquarters on board the U. S. S. Granite State, foot of West 97th street, N. R., New York City. The vessels of the United States Navy loaned the State of New York for the use of the Naval Militia are: Wasp, 630 tons; Aileen, 192 tons; Sandoval, 100 tons; Granite State, 4,150 tons.

Headquarters-First Battalion. U. S. S. Granite State, U. S. S. Gloucester, 97th street and North River, New York City; Second Battalion, U. S. S. Aileen, 520 street, Brooklyn; Second Separate Division,' Rochester, U. S. S. Sandoval, Charlotte Harbor; Third Separate Division, Buffalo. U. S. S. Wasp.


LAW OF APRIL 27, 1901. The Reapportionment Act of 1901 divided the state into Congress districts in accordance with the terms of the Federal Apportionment law of the same year, which increased New York's representation in the lower branch of Congress from thirty-four members to thirty-seven. It provided as follows:

Section 1. For the election of Representatives in Congress of the United States this State shall be and is hereby divided into thirty-seven districts, namely:

1st-Counties of Suffolk, Nassau and the 3d, 4th and 5th wards of Queens

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Congress Districts in New York, Queens and Richmond Counties.

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