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By Berlin H. Wright, De Land, Fla.

TIDE TABLES. (From U. S. Coast Survey.) To find the time of high water for any place given in the table below apply the rection opposite the place to the times of high water for its respective port given

every day on the twelve calendar pages of this Almanac. Add the correction to Hime of high water when it is plus, and subtract it when it is minus. Example: TO ind time of high water at Rockland, Me., on January 8, 1910– Time of high water at Boston, January 8.

9 25 p. m. Correction for Rockland, Me. (see below).

-0 26 p. m. Time of high water at Rockland, Me., January 8.....

8 59 p. m. Add 6 h. to this for the succeeding low water or subtract same for preceding low rater, and apply 12 h. in the same way for the other high water of the same dato.

Corrections to Cor- Corrections to Cor- Corrections to Cormes of high water rec- times of high water rec- times of high water rec

at Boston, for: tion, at New York for: tion. at Charleston for: tion.
Eastport, Me..
-0 35 | Block Island, R. I..| -1 2 Dover, Del....

8 46 West Quoddy H'd, Mel - 49(Stonington, Conn....) +0 49 Sea Breeze, N. J. -10 17 Machiasport, Me.... - 40 New London, Conn.. +1 6 New Castle, Del..

8 1 Indian Harbor, Me.. -O 65/ Norwich, Conn...... +1 47 Wilmington, Del..

7 46 ML Desert Nar., Mo. -0 28/ Middletown, Conn... 10 1 Gray's F., S. R., Pa. - 6 15 Bass H.. Mt.D.I., Me) -045) Hartford,

Conn.....

+6 58 Phil., Wash ave.... - 6 7 E.W. H. Mt. D. I., Me -0 44/Duck Island, Conn.. +2 23 Trenton, N. J...... 2 59 Rockland, Me.

-0 26 New Haven, Conn.. +30 Rehoboth, Del.. + 0 28 Deeanville, D. I., Mel - 36 Stamford, Conn... +34 Ocean City, Md.

06 angor, Me.

+1 121 city I., L. I. S., N.Y +3 ?Cape Chas. L., Va.. + 0 13 Sothbay, Me. -0 431College P., E. R.,N.Y. +3 21 Old Point Com.. Va. + 0 55 Bath, Me.

+0 81 Flushing, É. R., N.Y. +3 40 Newport News, Va.. + 1 4 Gardiner, Me..

+2 K6 Pot Cove, Ast., N.Y. +32 Peaersburg, Va.. + 9 11 Augusta, Me.. +3 87 B’kwell's I. L., N.Y. + 1 50 Richmond, Va....

+ 9 25 Portland, Me.

- 84 E. 41st st., N. Y. C. +1 37 Yorktown, Va... + 1 22 Portsmouth. N. H.. - 15 E. 27th st., N. Y. C. +1 23 Pt. L., P. R., Md. + 6 7 Isles of ShoalL.,N.H. 0 20 Brooklyn, N.Y., N.Y.+0 40 Alexandria, P. R., Va 0 11 Newburyport, Mass! - 15 B’klyn Bridge, N. Y. +0 20 Wash, N. Y., D. C.. 0 18 Gloucester, Mass.. -0 36 | E.110th st., N. Y. C. +2 6 Crisfield, C. B., Md. 4 59 Salem, Mass..

-011 High Bridge, N.Y.C. +2 21 | Cambridge, C.B., Md. - 3 56 Nahant, Magg. -0 18 Kingsbridge, N.Y.C. +0 56 Oxford, Md.

- 3 23 Boston Light, Mass. -0 18 Willets Poirt, N. Y. +3 7 Annapolis, Md. - 2 38

mouth, Mass... 0 09/Glen C., L.I.S., N.Y. +36 Balt., Fells Pt., Md. — 0 60 Cellfeet, C.C., Mass. -0 11 Oyster B.,L.I.S., N.Y. +3 6 Elkton, Md.

+ 2 10 Provincetown, Mass. - 1 Nthpt. H.,L.I.S.,N.Y +3 6 Pt. Dep., S. R., Md. + 2 41 Slasconset, Nant'k Il +0 1 Trum. B., L.I.S., N.Y +2 11 Virginia Beach, Va.. 0 0 Nantucket H., Mass. 10 35 Sag Har., L.I.S., N.Y.) +2 19) Hatteras Inlet, N.C. - 047 Edgartown, Mass.... +0 44 Montauk Pt. L., N.Y. -01 Cape Lookout, N. C. 1 6 No Mans L' I., Mass -4 6 Bellport, N. Y....... +2 39| Beaufort, N. C.... 0 12 Viney'd Havin, Mass +0 11 Fire Isl'a Inlet, N.Y.+0 66 Carolina Beach, N.C. 0 14 Falmouth, Mass..... -1 8 Rockaway Inlet, N.Y. -0 35 Wilmington, N. c... + 1 47 Tarpaulin Cove, Mass -3 41 Coney Island, N. Y.-0 42 B'nerman's B., N.C. -- 4 1 Cuttyhunk L., Mass. -4 1 Tottenville, S.I., N.Y.) -0 21 White Hall, N. C... - 3 58 Woods Hole. Mass.. -2 66 Fort Tom., S.I., N.Y. - 23 Georgetown, 8. C... + 1 16 Serd Island L., Mass 3 43 Ossining. H.R., N.Y. +1 49 Bluff Pt., W.R., S.C. +0 21 aw Bedford, Mass. -3 40 Albany H. R., N. Y.) +9 33 Port Royal, s. Cl...) + 0 36 Rewport, R. 1.. 3 48 (Eliz'port, N. B., N.J. +0 10 Beaufort, S. C... + 0 49 Bristol, R. I.... -3 34 Long Branch, N. J. --O 37 Savannah, Ga.. + 0 53 Pawtuxet, R. I.. -321| Atlantic City, N. J.-0 28 Warsaw Sound, Ga.. +04 Providence, R. I. 3 231 Cape May City, N.J. -O 16 St. Andrew S., Ga..

+ 0 23

TIME CALCULATIONS AND EXPLANATIONS OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIA

TIONS,
All the calculations except the Moon's Phases, Tides and seasons are in mean
local time. (See table for its conversion into Standard Time.) The Sun's rising and
setting is for the upper limb and corrected for refraction, The signs used are as
Hlows: o conjunction or near approach, at which time a line from the North Star
forough one will also pass through the other; 8, opposition or 180° from the Sun, at
Which time the Superior Planets are the brightest; I, quadrature or 90° from the
Fun; 0. Sun; D, Earth; , Mercury; 9, Venus; Mars; 4, Jupiter; h, Saturn;
2. Uranus; W. Neptune; 3. Moon generally; 8 Ascending Node; 8. Descending
Node.

Per.-Perihelion, or nearest to Sun; applied to Planets.
Aph.-Aphelion, or furthest from Sun; applied to Planets.
Per.-Perigee, or nearest to Earth; applied to the Moon,
80.-Southing, or Meridian Passage.

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STANDARD TIME TABLE, To obtain standard time take local time and add or subtract the figures given. Standard Correc

Standard Corre
City.

of
tion.
City.

of

tion. Division, Minutes.

Division. Minut Albany, N. Y.

Eastern

5 Little Rock, Ark. Central Austin, Texas..

Central + 31
Louisville, Ky

Central
Baltimore, Md.

Eastern + 6
Lynchburg, Va.

Eastern
Baton Rouge, La. Central

4
Memphis, Tenn.

Central
Bismarck, N. Dak... Central + 43 Milwaukee, Wis.. Central
Boston, Mass.

Eastern

16
Mobile, Ala...

Central
Buffalo, N. Y.

Eastern + 16 Montgomery, Ala. Central Burlington, Iowa.. Central + 5 Nashville, Tenn. Central Cairo, Ill..

Central

3

New Haven, Conn. Eastern Charleston, S. C... Eastern

20 New Orleans, La.. Central Chicago, Ill.

Central
10 New York, N. Y.

Eastern
Cincinnati, Ohio.. Central

22 Norfolk, Va..

Eastern Cleveland, Ohio.. Central

33

Ogdensburg, N. Y... Eastern
Columbia, S. C.... Eastern

24
Omaha, Neb...

Central
Columbus, Ohio.

Central
28 Pensacola, Fla..

Central
Dayton, Ohio..

Central

23 Philadelphia, Penn.. Eastern Denver, Col.

Mountain

0 Pittsburg, Penn... Eastern Des Moines, Iowa.. Central

14 Portland, Me....

Eastern Detroit, Mich...

Central

Providence, R. I.. Eastern Dubuque, Iowa.. Central

Quincy, Ill.

Central
Duluth, Minn..

Central
Raleigh, N. C.

Eastern
Erie, Penn.

Central

39
Richmond, Va.

Eastern
Evansville, Ind.

Central

10

Rochester, N. Y.. Eastern
Ft. Gibson, Cher. N. Central

21
Rock Island, Ill.

Central
Fort Smith, Ark.... Central

19

San Francisco, Cal.. Pacific Fort Wayne, Ind.... Central

Mountain
Galena, Ill..

Santa Fe, N. M.
Central

2
Savannah, Ga.

Central
Galveston, Texas.. Central

19

Central Grand Haven, Mich. Central

Shreveport, La. 15

Central Harrisburg, Penn.... Eastern

7

Springfield, Ill. Houston, Texas.. Central

Central 21

St. Joseph, Mo..
Huntsville, Ala.. Central

12
St. Louis, Mo..

Central
Indianapolis, Ind.. Central

16 St. Paul, Minn..

Central Jackson, Miss.

Central

1

Superior City, Wis. Central
Jacksonville, Fla.. Central

33
Syracuse, N. 'Y

Eastern
Janesville, Wis.. Central

Toledo, Ohio

Central
Jefferson City, Mo.. Central

9
Trenton, N. J...

Eastern
Kansas City, Mo.. Central + 19 Utica, N. Y.

Eastern Keokuk, Iowa..

Central

6 Washington, D. C.... Eastern Knoxville, Tenn. Central

24 Wheeling, W. Va... Eastern La Crosse, Wis.. Central

5 Wilmington, Del.... Eastern Lawrence, Kan. Central + 21 | Wilmington, N. C... Eastern Lexington, Ky

Central

23 | Yankton, S. Dak... Central

TIME STANDARDS.
The following is the table of times, based upon the meridian used by the Unit
States and Canada:

Central Meridian.
Name of Time. Degree,
From Greenwich.

Nearest Place.
Intercolonial

60 4 hours west. About 348° east of Halifax, N. S. Eastern

75 5 hours west. Between New York and Philadelphia. Central 90 6 hours west.

St. Louis and New Orleans. Mountain

105 7 hours west. Denver, Col. Pacific

120 8 hours west. 142° East of Sacramento, Cal.

135 9 hours west. 14° east of Sitka, Alaska. Tahiti 150 10 hours west.

12° west of the island of Tahiti. Hawaiian

157 12 10 h. 31 m. west. Near centre of Molokai. It is obvious that to express the time of rising and setting of the Sun and Me in standard time would limit the usefulness of such data to the single point or pl for which they were computed, while in mean time they are practically correct places as widely separated as the width of the continent, as already explained, and p sons having the mean time may easily ascertain the correct standard time of event by making use of the table on this page. EXPLANATION OF THE CALENDAR PAGES.

Time. All the calculations in The Tribune Almanac are based upon mean or clock unless otherwise stated. The Sun's rising and setting are for the upper limb, corre for parallax and refraction, In the case of the Moon no correction is needed, as the Sun, for "parallax and refraction"'; with her they are of an opposite nature just balance each other. The figures given, therefore, are for the Moon's centre a true horizon, such as the ocean or a large plain affords.

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- 20

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Sitka

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Rew Orleans STANDARD TIME

Galveston

GULT OF
BELTS

MEXICO
105

75 Map of the Standard Time Belts. The heavy dotted lines show the arbitrary divisions of time in the United States. che plus and minus marks on either side of the meridian lines show whether it is necessary to add to or subtract from the standard time of points east or west of these lines to arrive at actual, or mean local, time. See table on page 4.

Standard Time. For the convenience of the railroads and business in general a standard of time was established by mutual agreement in 1883, and it is by this method of calculation that trains are now run and local time is regulated. In accordance with this system the United States extending from 65° to 125° west longitude is divided into four time sections, as shown on the map. Inside of each of these sections standard time is uniform, and the time of each section differs from that next to it by exactly one hour.

If the standard time correction for any place not enumerated in the table be esired proceed as follows: Locate the place, as anyone can approximately on this map, and then subdivide the hour space in which the place is until the distance in time (60m. = one space) from that meridian within whose bounds the place is located Is apparent. Then add or subtract the result to mean time as the sign at the top of the map indicates. Example: What will be the standard time of sunrise July 1 at Penn Yan, N. Y.? The map does not give the lines of latitude and longitude, but most people can locate their own place in its respective State on the map with sufficient correctness. By this means I locate Penn Yan at about one-eighth of the distance between the 75th and 90th meridians and within the Eastern time zone. This will give 8m. to be added, or 4:34.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES. Dominical Letter...

B

Roman Indiction.. Epact (Moon's age, Jan. 1)....

19 Julian Period. Lunar Cycle (Golden Number).

11

Dionysian Period. Solar Cycle...

15

Jewish Lunar Cycle. EXPLANATORY NOTE.-The DOMINICAL Letter or letters (two for Leap Year or Sunday Letters, indicates the day of the year on which the first Sunday occurs, first seven letters of the alphabet being used. Thus for 1910 the Dominical Letter is the second letter of the alphabet, and hence the second day of the year will be the fi Sunday of the year. ln Leap Years two letters are used, the first being for Janua and February and the latter, being the preceding letter, answers for the last months in order to maintain the cycle. The GOLDEN NUMBER is that number a cycle of 19 years, which shows how many years have passed since New Moon on January 1, for in nearly 19 years the Solar and Lunar years nearly come togeth The chief use of this cycle is in fixing the date of Easter, and in this samo connecti is used the EPACT. The SOLAR CYCLE is the number of years that have elaps since the days of the week fell on the same days of the year, or when there will therefore, a recurrence of the Dominical or Sunday Letter. This would be the ca every seven years but for Leap Year; hence, four times seven in the cycle, or 28 yealIt is the remainder found by adding 9 to the year and dividing the sum by 28. TA ROMAN INDICTION is a cycle of 15 years and is of no utility except to chronologei It is the remainder found by adding 3 to the year and dividing by 15. THE JULIA PERIOD is a cycle of 7980 years, and is the product of the three cycles-Golden Nun ber (19) Solar Cycle (28) and Roman Indiction (15) and hence shows the time whi these three cycles will coincide, or begin at the same time. The first of this cyc will be completed in the year 2267. It is the year +4713. The DIONYSIAN Period a cycle of 532 years, and is also called the Great Paschal Cycle, being the product of complete Soiar and Lunar Cycle (28x19). It is the remainder found by adding 467 the year and dividing by 532, and with the Julian Period is chiefly used by chr nologers. The JEWISH LUNAR CYCLE is always three less than the Golden Numbes and is used by the Jews in fixing the time of their festivals.

•The rule for computing the Dominical Letter for any year is somewhat compi cated and for that reason is omitted here.

CHURCH DAYS, FIXED AND MOVABLE FEASTS.
New Year's Day......
.Jan. 1 Whitsunday (Pentecost).

May
Epiphany
..Jan. 6 Trinity Sunday.

May Septuagesima Sunday. .Jan. 23 Corpus Christi.

May Conversion of St. Paul. Jan. 25 St. Barnabas.

.June Sexagesima Sunday. Jan. 30 St. John the Baptist.

June Purification B. V. M. .Feb. 2 Sts. Peter and Paul.

June Quinquagesima Sunday. .Feb. 6 St. James..

July Shrove Tuesday.... .Feb. 8 Transfiguration

.Aug Ash Wednesday (Lent begins).....Feb. 9 St. Bartholomew.

.Aug. Quadragesima Sunday. .Feb. 13 St. Matthew.

..Sept. St. Valentine...

Feb. 14 Michaelmas (St. John & All Angels). Sept. St. Mathias.. .Feb. 24 St. Luke..

Oct. Mid-Lent Sunday. Mch. 6 Sts. Simon and Jude.

.Oct. : St. Patrick's Day Mch. 17 All Saints' Day.

Nov. Palm Sunday. Mch. 20 All Souls' Day

Nov. Lady Day. .Mch. 25 Thanksgiving Day

Nov. Good Friday . Mch. 25 Advent Sunday

Nov. Easter Sunday Mch. 27 St. Andrew..

Nov. Low Sunday .Apr. 3 St. Thomas.

Dec. St. George.

.Apr. 23
Christmas Day (Sunday)

.Dec. St. Mark.

. Apr. 25
St. Stephen...

.Dec. Sts. Philip and James.

.May 1
St. John the Evangelist.

Dec.
Rogation Sunday.
May 1 Holy Innocents.

Dec. Ascension (Holy) Thursday. May

5

EMBER DAYS. Wednesday, Friday and Saturday after: First Sunday in Lent-February 1 18 and 19; Pentecost-May 18, 20 and 21; September 14-September 21, 23 and 24 December 13-December 14, 16 and 17.

JEWISH OR HEBREW CALENDAR. Year 5670-1. The Jewish year 5670 is the 8th of the 299th cycle of 19 years.

Month-
Year. No. Name.

Day
Fasts and Feasts.

Gregorian Date, 5670 6 Sh'vat Rosh-Chodesh...

Tuesday, January 5670 6 Adar

1 Rosh-Chodesh. Wednesday-Thursday, February 9-1 5670 6 2d Adar. 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Friday-Saturday, March 11-1 5670 6 2d Adar. . 13 Fast of Esther..

Thursday, March 2 5670 6 2d Adar. .14-16 Purim...

.Friday-Saturday, March 25-2 5670 7 Nissan 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

.Sunday, April 1 5670 7 Nissan First Day of Passover.

Sunday, April 2 5670 8 1 Rosh-Chodesh.

Monday-Tuesday, May 9-1 5670 8 Ijar .18 Lag B'Omer....

...Friday, May 2

..15

Ijar

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