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Reply of Greek Government, . . .
Decree naming Don Miguel Lieutenant of Portugal,
do do 20th, do . . .
Protocol of Vienna, October 23d, . . . . .
Acts of 2016 Congress, 1st session, .
Hickie and others vs. Starkie and others. Louisiana Treaty,
do do do vs. sundry African Slaves, .
William Tilghman, 125–George Canning, 130—John Eager Howard, 137--
Thomas Addis Emmet, 139–Prince Alexander Ypsilanti, 149—Helen
• Message of the President of the United States to the Twentieth Con
Fellow-Citizens of the Senate,
portion of enjoyment as large and and of the House of Representatives : liberal as the indulgence of hoaven
A REVOLUTION of the seasons has has perhaps ever granted to the nearly been completed, since the imperfect state of man upon earth; Representatives of the People and and as the purest of human felicity States of this Union were last as. consists in its participation with sembled at this place, to deliberate others, it is no small addition to and to act upon the common im. the sum of our national happiness, portant interests of their consti. at this time, that peace and prostuents. In that interval, the never perity prevail to a degree seldom slumbering eye of a wise and be. experienced over the whole habi. neficient Providence has continued table globe; presenting, though as its guardian care over the welfare yet with painful exceptions, a fore. of our beloved country. The bless. taste of that blessed period of pro. ing of health has continued gene. mise, when the lion shall lie down rally to prevail throughout the land. with the lamb, and wars shall be The blessing of peace with our no more. To preserve, to improve, brethren of the human race, has and to perpetuate the sources, and been enjoyed without interruption; to direct, in their most effective internal quiet has left our fellow channels, the streams which con. citizens in the full enjoyment of all tribute to the public weal, is the their rights, and in the free exer. purpose for which government was cise of all their faculties, to pursue instituted. Objects of deep importthe impulse of their nature, and the ance to the welfare of the Union obligation of their duty, in the im. are constantly recurring, to de. provement of their own condition. mand the attention of the Federal The productions of the soil, the ex. Legislature; and they call with ac. changes of commerce, the vivify. cumulated interest, at the first meet. ing labours of human industry, have ing of the two Houses, after their combined to mingle in our cup a periodical renovation. To present to their consideration from time to tribution of the indemnity to the time, subjects in which the inter. persons entitled to receive it, are ests of the nation are most deeply now in session, and approaching involved, and for the regulation of the consummation of their labours. which the legislative will is alone This final disposal of one of the competent, is a duty prescribed by most painful topics of collision be. the constitution, to the performance tween the United States and Great of which the first meeting of the Britain, not only affords an occa. new Congress is a period eminently sion of gratulation to ourselves, but appropriate, and which it is now has had the happiest effect in pro. my purpose to discharge.
moting a friendly disposition, and in Our relations of friendship with sufiening asperitjes upon other ob- . the other nations of the earih, po. jects of discussion. Nor ought it litical and commercial, have been to pass without the tribute of a frank preserved unimpaired; and the op- and cordial acknowledgment of the portunities to improve them have magnanimity with which an honourbeen cultivated with anxious and ab e nation, by the reparation of unremitting attention. A negotia. their own wrongs, achieves a tri. tion upon subjects of high and deli. umph more glorious than any field cate interest with the government of blood can ever bestow. of Great Britain, has terminated in The conventions of 30 July, 1815, the adjustment of some of the ques. and of 20th October, 1818, will tions at issue upon satisfactory expire by their own limitation on terms, and the postponement of the 20th of October, 1828. These others for future discussion and have regulated the direct commer. agreement. The purposes of the cial intercourse between the United convention concluded at St. Peters. States and Great Britain, upon burg, on the 12th day of July, 1822, terms of the most perfect recipro. under the mediation of the late city ; and they effected a tempora. Emperor Alexander, have been car. ry compromise of the respective ried into effect, by a subsequent rights and claims to territory west. convention concluded at London ward of the Rocky Mountains. on the 13th of November, 1826, the These arrangements have been ratifications of which were ex. continued for an indefinite period changed at that place on the 6th of time, after the expiration of the day of February last. A copy of above-mentioned conventions; lea. the proclamation issued on the ving each party the liberty of ter. nineteenth day of March last, pub, minating them, by giving twelve lishing this convention, is herewith months notice to the other. The communicated to Congress. The radical principle of all commercial sum of twelve hundred and four intercourse between independent thousand nine hundred and sixty nations, is the mutual interest of dollars, therein stipulated to be paid both parties. It is the vital spirit to the claimants of indemnity under of trade itself ; nor can it be recon. the first Article of the Treaty of ciled to the nature of man, or to the Ghent, has been duly received, and primary laws of human society, that the Commission instituted conform any traffic should long be willingly ably to the act of Congress of the pursued, of which all the advanta. second of March last, for the dis. ges are on one side, and all the bur.
dens on the other. Treaties of the 6th of August last, and will be commerce have been found, by forthwith laid before the Senate for experience, to be among the most the exercise of their constitutional effective instruments for promoting authority concerning them. peace and harmony between na. In the execution of the treaties tions whose interests, exclusively of peace of November, 1782, and considered on either side, are September, 1783, between the Uni. brought into frequent collisions by ted States and Great Britain, and competition. In framing such trea which terminated the war of our ties, it is the duty of each party, Independence, a line of boundary not simply to urge with unyielding was drawn as a demarcation of ter. pertinacity that which suits its own ritory between the two countries, 'interest, but to concede liberally to extending over near twenty de. that which is adapted to the inter. grees of latitude, and ranging over est of the other. To accomplish seas, lakes, and mountains, then this, little more is generally requi. very imperfectly explored, and red than a simple observance of scarcely opened to the geographi. the rule of reciprocity; and were it cal knowledge of the age. In the possible for the statesmen of our progress of discovery and settlenation, by stratagem and manage. ment by both parties since that ment, to obtain from the weakness time, several questions of bounda. or ignorance of another, an over. ry between their respective terrireaching treaty, such a compact tories have arisen, which have would prove an incentive to war been found of exceedingly difficult rather than a bond of peace. Our adjustment. At the close of the conventions with Great Britain are Jast war with Great Britain, four of founded upon the principles of re. these questions pressed themselves ciprocity. The commercial inter. upon the consideration of the nego. course between the two countries tiators of the treaty of Ghent, but is greater in magnitude and amount without the means of concluding a than between any other two na definitive arrangement concerning tions on the globe. It is, for all them. They were referred to purposes of benefit or advantage to three separate commissions, con. both, as precious, and in all pro. sisting of two commissioners, one bability, far more extensive than if appointed by each party, to exam. the parties were still constituent ine and decide upon their respec. parts of one and the same nation. tive claims. In the event of dis. Treaties betweensuch states, regu. agreement between the commis. lating the intercourse of peace be. sioners, it was provided that they tween them, and adjusting interests should make reports to their seve. of such transcendant importance to ral governments ; and that the re. both, which have been found, in a poris should finally be referred to long experience of years, mutually the decision of a sovereign, the advantageous, should not be lightly common friend of both. Of these cancelled or discontinued. Two commissions, two have already conventions for continuing in force terminated their sessions and inves. those above mentioned have been tigations, one by entire, the other concluded between the plenipoten. by partial agreement. The com. tiaries of the two governments, on missioners of the fifth a'rticle of the treaty of Ghent have finally dis. specting the commercial interagreed, and made their conflicting course between the United States reports to their own governments and the British colonial possessions But from these reports a great diffi. have not equally approximated to culty has occurred in making up a a friendly agreement. question to be decided by the arbi. At the commencement of the trator. This purpose has, however, last session of Congress, they were been effected by a fourth conven- informed of the sudden and unex. tion, concluded at London by the pected exclusion by the British plenipotentiaries of the two go. government, of access, in vessels vernments on the 29th of Septem. of the United States, to all their ber last. It will be submitted, to colonial ports, except those imme. gether with the others, to the con. diately bordering upon our own sideration of the Senate.
territories. In the amicable dis. While these questions have been cussions which have succeeded the pending, incidents have occurred of adoption of this measure, which, as conflicting pretensions, and of dan. it affected harshly the interests of gerous character, upon the territory the United States, became a sub. itself in dispute between the two ject of expostulation on our part, nations. By a common under the principles upon which its justi. standing between the governments, fication has been placed have been it was agreed that no exercise of ex. of a diversified character. It has clusive jurisdiction by either party, been at once ascribed to a mere while the negotiation was pending, recurrence to the old long estab. should change the state of the ques. lished principle of colonial mono. tion of right to be definitively set. poly, and at the same tiine to a feel. tled. Such collision has neverthe. ing of resentment because the offers less recently taken place, by occur. of an act of Parliament, opening rences, the precise character of the colonial ports upon certain which has not yet been ascertained. conditions, had not been grasp. A communication from the Gover. ed at with sufficient eagerness by nor of the state of Maine, with ac. an instantaneous conformity to companying documents, and a cor them. At a subsequent period, it respondence between the Secreta. has been intimated that the new ry of State and the Minister of exclusion was in resentment, be. Great Britain, on this subject, are cause a prior act of Parliament of now communicated. Measures 1822, opening certain colonial have been taken to ascertain the ports under heavy and burdensome state of the facts more correctly, by restrictions to vessels of the United the employment of a special agent States, had not been reciprocated to visit the spot where the alleged by an admission of British vessels outrages have occurred, the result from the colonies, and their car. of whose inquiries, when received, goes, without any restriction or dis. will be transmitted to Congress. crimination whatever. But, be the
While so many of the subjects of motive for the interdiction what it high interest to the friendly rela. may, the British government have tions between the two countries manifested no disposition, either by have been so far adjusted, it is mat. negotiation or by corresponding ter of regret, that their views re. legislative enactments, to recede