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other navigation, except that which soil or industry of the other con. they have reserved to themselves, tracting party, and on the importa. respectively, by the sixth article of tions and exportations made in its the present treaty.
vessels. ARTICLE IX.
ARTICLE XI. There shall not be established, The citizens or subjects of one in the Uni:ed States of America, of the bigh contracting parties, ar. upon the products of the soil or in- riving with their vessels on the dustry of the kingdoms of Sweden coasts belonging to the other, but and Norway, or of the island of not wishing to enter the port, or St. Bartholomews, any prohibition after having entered therein, not or restriction of importation or ex. wishing to unload any part of their portation, or any duties of any kind cargo, shall be at liberty to depart or denomination whatsoever, uns and continue their voyage, without less such prohibitions, res rictions, paying any other duties, imposts, and duties, shall, likewise, be esta- or charges, whatsoever, for the blished upon articles of like nature, vessel and cargo, than those of pia. the growth of any other country. lotage, wharfage, and for the sup.
And reciprocally, there shall not port of light-houses, when such be established in the kingdoms of duties shall be levied on national Sweden and Norway, nor in the vessels in similar cases. It is un. island of St. Bartholomews, on the derstood, however, that they shall products of the soil or industry of always conform to such regulations the United States of America, any and ordinances concerning naviga. prohibition or restrictions of impor- tion, and the places and ports which tation or exportation, nor any du. they may enter, as are, or shall be, ties of any kind or denomination in force with regard to national ves. whatsoever, unless such prohibi. sels; and that the custom house tions, restrictions, and duties, be officers shall be permitted to visit likewise established upon articles them, to remain on board, and to of like nature, the growth of the take all such precautions as may island of Bt. Bartholomews, or of be necessary to prevent all unlaw. any other place, in case such im. ful commerce, as long as the ves. portation be made into, or from, sels shall remain within the limits the kingdoms of Sweden and Nor of their jurisdiction. way; or of the kingdoms of Swe.
ARTICLE XII. den and Norway, or of any other It is further agreed, that the ves. place, in case such importation or sels of one of the high contracting exportation be made into, or from, parties, having entered into the the island of St. Bartholomews. ports of the other, will be permit. ARTICLE X.
ted to confine themselves to unla. All privileges of transit, and all ding such part only of their car. bounties and drawbacks which may goes, as the captain or owner may be allowed within the territories of wish, and that they may freely de. one of the high contracting parties, part with the remainder, without upon the importation or exportation paying any duties, imposts, or of any article whatsoever, shall, charges, whatsoever, except for that likewise, be allowed on the articles part which shall have been landed, of like nature, the products of the and which shall be marked upon, and erased from, the manifest ex- formably to the laws, and deprived hibiting the enumeration of the of the exercise of their functions by articles with which the vessel was the offended government, which Jaden; which manifest shall be shall acquaint the other with its presented entire at the custom motives for having thus acted; it house of the place where the ves being understood, however, that sel shall have entered. Nothing the archives and documents rela. shall be paid on that part of the tive to the affairs of the consulate cargo which the vessel shall carry shall be exempt from all search, away, and with which it may con. and shall be carefully preserved tinue its voyage, to one, or several under the seals of the consuls, vice other ports of the same country, consuls, or commercial agents, and there to dispose of the remainder of the authority of the place where of its cargo, if composed of arti. they reside. cles whose importation is permitted, The consuls, vice consuls, com. on paying the duties chargeable mercial agents, or the persons duly upon it; or it may proceed 10 any authorized to supply their places, other country. It is understood, shall have the right, as such, to sit however, that all duties, imposts, as judges and arbitrators in such or charges whatsoever, which are, differences as may arise between or may become chargeable upon the captains and crews of the ves. the vessels themselves, must be paid sels belonging to the nation whose at the first port where they shall interests are committed to their break bulk, or unlade part of their charge, without the interference of cargoes; but that no duties, im. the local authorities, unless the posts, or charges, of the same des. conduct of the crews, or of the cription, shall be demanded anew captain, should disturb the order or in the ports of the same country, tranquillity of the country ; or the which such vessels might, after. said consuls, vice consuls, or comwards, wish to enter, unless na. mercial agents, should require their tional vessels be, in similar cases, assistance to cause their decisions subject to some ulterior duties. to be carried into effect or support. ARTICLE XIII.
ed. It is, however, understood, Each of the high contracting that this species of judgment, or parties grants to the other the pri. arbitration, shall not deprive the vilege of appointing, in its com. contending parties of the right they mercial ports and places, consuls, have to resort, on their return, to vice consuls, and commercial the judicial authority of their counagents, who shall enjoy the full try. protection, and receive every as.
ARTICLE XIV. sistance necessary for the due The said consuls, vice consuls, exercise of their functions; but it or commercial agents, are authoris expressly declared, that, in case ized to require the assistance of the of illegal or improper conduct, local authorities for the arrest, dewith respect to the laws or govern. tention, and imprisonment, of the ment of the country in which said deserters from the ships of war consuls, vice consuls, or commer. and merchant vessels of their cial agents, shall reside, they may country ; and for this purpose, they be prosecuted and punished con. shall apply to the competent tribus kals, judges, and officers, and those entitled thereto, if claimed shall, in writing, demand said de within a year and a day, upon serters, proving, by the exhibition paying such costs of salvage as of the registers of the vessels, the would be paid by national vessels rolls of the crews, or by other offi. in the same circumstances; and cial documents, that such indivi. the salvage companies shall not duals formed part of the crews, and compel the acceptance of their on this reclamation being thus sub. services, except in the same cases, stantiated, the surrender shall not and after the same delays, as shall be refused.
be granted to the captains and Such deserters, when arrested, crews of national vessels. More. shall be placed at the disposal of over, the respective governments the said cosuls, vice consuls, or will take care that these compa. commercial agents, and may be nies do not commit any vexatious confined in the public prisons, at or arbitrary acts. the request and cost of those who
ARTICLE XVI. claim them, in order to be sent to It is agreed that vessels arriving the vessels to which they belonged, directly from the United States of or to others of the same country. America, at a port within the do. But, if not sent back within the minions of his majesty the king of space of two months, reckoning Sweden and Norway, or from the from the day of their arrest, they territories of his said majesty in shall be set at liberty, and shall not Europe, at a port of the United be again arrested for the same States, and provided with a bill of cause,
health granted by an officer having It is understood, however, that, competent power to that effect, at if the deserter should be found to the port whence such vessel shall have committed any crime or of. have sailed, setting forth that no fence, his surrender may be de. malignant or contagious diseases layed, until the tribunal before prevailed in that port, shall be sub. which the case shall be depending, jected to no other quarantine than shall have pronounced its sentence, such as may be necessary for the and such sentence shall have been visit of the health officer of the carried into effect.
port where such vessel shall have ARTICLE XV.
arrived; after which, said vessels In case any vessel of one of the shall be allowed immediately to high contracting parties shall have enter and unload their cargoes; been stranded or shipwrecked, or provided always, that there shall shall have suffered any other da. be on board no person who, during mage on the coasts of the domi. the voyage, shall have been at. nions of the other, every aid and tacked with any malignant or con. assistance shall be given to the tagious disease ; that such vessels persons shipwrecked or in danger, shall not, during their passage, and passports shall be granted to have communicated with any ves. them to return to their country. sel liable, itself, to undergo a qua. The shipwrecked vessels and mer. rantine; and that the country chandise, or their proceeds, if the whence they came shall not, at same shall have been sold, shall that time, be so far infected or sus. be restored to their owners, or to pected, that, before their arrival an
ordinance had been issued, in con. uncertainty resulting therefroin sequence of which all vessels with respect to the various events coming from that country should which may take place, it is a greed be considered as suspected, and that a merchant vessel belonging consequently subjeci to quarantine to either of them, which may be ARTICLE XVII.
bound to a port supposed, at the The second, fifth, sixth, seventh, tiine of its departure, to be block. eighth, ninih, tenth, eleventh, aded, shall not, however, be captwelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fit. tured or condemned for having teenth, sixteenth, seventeeth, eigh. attempted, a first time, to enter teenth, nineteenth, twenty-first, said port, unless it can be proved twenty-second, twenty-third, and that said vessel could, and ought twenty-fifth articles of the treaty of to have learned, during its voyage, amity and commerce concluded at that the blockade of the place in Paris on the third of April, one question still continued. But all thousand seven hundred eighty. vessels which, after baving been three, by the plenipotentiaries of warned off once, shall, during the the United States of America, and same voyage, attempt a second of his majesty the king of Sweden, time to enter the same blockaded together with the first, second, port, during the continuance of fourth, and fifth separate articles, said blockade, shall then subject signed on the same day by the themselves to be detained and con. same plenipotentiaries, are revi. demned. ved, and made applicable to all the
ARTICLE XIX. countries under the dominion of The present treaty shall contie the present high contracting par nue in force ten years, counting ties, and shall have the same force from the day of the exchange of and value as if they were inserted the ratifications, and if, before the in the context of the present trea expiration of the first nine years, ty. It being understood that the neither of the high contracting stipulations contained in the arti. parties shall have announced, by cles above cited, shall always be an official notification, to the other, considered, as in no manner affect. its intention to arrest the operation ing the conventions concluded by of said treaty, it shall remain bind. either party with other nations, ing for one year beyond that time, during the interval between the ex. and so on, until the expiration piration of the said treaty of one of the twelve months which will thousand seven hundred eighty follow a similar notification, whate. three, and the revival of said arti. ver the time at which it may take cles by the treaty of commerce place. and navigation, concluded at Stock
ARTICLE XX. holm by the present high contract. The present treaty shall be ratiing parties, on the fourth of Sep. fied by the president of the United tember, one thousand eight hun. States of America, by and with the dred and sixteen.
advice and consent of the Senate, ARTICLE XVIII.
and by his majesty the king of Considering the remoteness of Sweden and Norway, and the rati. the respective countries of the two fications shall be exchanged at high contracting parties, and the Washington within the space of
bine months from the signature, or of importation from Sweden and sooner, if possible. "
Norway. In faith whereof, the respective The present separate article
plenipotentiaries have signed shall have the same force and value the present treaty, by dupli. as if it were inserted, word for word, cates, and have affixed there in the treaty signed this day, and to the seals of their arms shall be ratified at the same time. Done at Stockholm, the fourth In faith whereof, we, the under: of July, in the year of Grace, signed, by virtue of our re. one thousand eight hundred spective full powers, have and twenty-seven.
signed the present separate J.J. APPLETON.
(l.s.) article, and affixed thereto the G. COUNT DE WETTERSTEDT. (L.s.] seals of our arms.
Done at Stockholm, the fourth SEPARATE ARTICLE. Certain relations of proximity
of July, one thousand eight and ancient connexions having led
hundred and twenty-seven. to regulations for the importation
J. J. APPLETON.
G. Count DE WETTERSTEDT. (L.s.] of the products of the kingdoms of Sweden and Norway into the
The said treaty and separate Grand Duchy of Finland, and that
article have been duly ratified on of the products of Finland into
both parts, and the respective rati. Sweden and Norway, in vessels of
fications of the same were exchan. the respective countries, by spe.
ged at Washington, on the eigh. cial stipulations of a treaty still in
teenth day of January, one thou. force, and whose renewal forms
sand eight hundred and twenty. at this time the subject of a ne. eight, by Henry Clay, Secretary gotiation between the courts of
of State of the United States, and Sweden and Norway and Rus.
Robert, Baron de Stackelberg, sia, said stipulations being, in
Colonel, Knight of the order of the no manner, connected with the
sword, and Chargé d'Affaires of existing regulations for foreign
his majesty, the king of Sweden commerce in general, the two high
and Norway, near the said United contracting parties, anxious to re.
States, on the part of their respec. move from their commercial rela. tions all kinds of ambiguity or mo.
tive governments. tives of discussion, have agreed that the eighth, ninth, and tenth ar. A Convention between the United ticles of the present treaty shall not States of America and his Ma. be applicable either to the naviga. jesty the King of the United Kingtion and commerce above men dom of Great Britain and Ireland. tioned, nor consequently to the Whereas it is provided, by the exceptions in the general tariff of fifth article of the Treaty of Ghent, custom-house duties, and in the that, in case the commissioners regulations of navigation resulting appointed under that article, for the therefrom, nor to the special ad. settlement of the boundary line vantages which are, or may be therein described, should not be granted to the importation of tallow able to agree upon such boundary and candles from Russia, founded line, the report or reports of those upon equivalent advantages grant. commissioners, stating the points ed by Russia on certain articles on which they had differed, should