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II.—FOREIGN

CANADA.

LEGISLATURE OF NEW.BRUNSWICK.

Frederickton, N. B., Council Chamber, rience, in my administration of the

December 9, 1828. government of this province. This being the day appointed for Although the revenue of the prethe meeting of the legislature, his sent year, may not be quite equal excellency the Lieutenant Gover to that of the past, yet, I am hapnor came in state to the Council py to have it in my power to say, Chamber, at 2 o'clock, and opened that in this contingent fluctuation, the session with the following which may be easily accounted speech :

for, there is nothing to apprehend Mr. President, and Gentlemen of for the future, and that the finan. his Majesty's Council ;

cial resources of the country are Mr. Speaker, and Gentlemen of the substantially sound and unimpaired. House of Assembly :

Mr. Speaker, and Gentlemen of the I have called you together at a House of Assembly; season which is not, I fear, the The treasurer's accounts shall be most convenient, in consequence laid before you as soon as they can of having received an intimation be prepared: and I rely on your from his majesty's government, making provision for the ordinary which gave me every reason to ap. services of the province. prehend that at a later period I I shall likewise cause to be laid should be deprived of the pleasure before you statements drawn up of meeting you in session, to bring by the person whom I have apforward some important business pointed to examine and report upon which I wish to recommend, in per the expenditures of the public mo. son, to your consideration.

neys. In furtherance of those objects, To give the fullest and surest ef. and in your deliberations for the fect to a measure so important, I public good, I have no doubt that I instructed that gentleman, not only shall continue to receive that as to make a strict and efficient audit sistance from your zeal, wisdom, of each and every account of ex. and loyalty, which I have hitherto penditure for the present year, but had the high satisfaction to expe. further to have retrospect to a period at which it appeared material commercial affairs of the country, to commence; and to carry for. it is highly consolatory to perceive ward by distinct years, a statement that the liberal grants which you showing the amount of appropria. have made, realized and promptly tions in each, so as to exhibit an ac. applied as they have been to the curate and comprehensive view of more important public works, have the state of the expenditure at the effected more than was contem. present time. Referring to those plated, or could, in other times, statements, and in due considera. have been accomplished with equal tion of the advances and heavy ex. means. penses which have been incurred After recommending the agri. on account of a yet recent calami. culture and the fisheries of the proty, I recommend the expediency of vince, as well as the institutions of making less liberal appropriations education and learning, to the con. than usual, for some of the extraor- tinued protection of the legislature; dinary and other services of the advising the erection of light hou. country: and a rigid observance of ses on the coast, &c., his excellen. economy, until those floating ad. cy proceeds :) vances are redeemed.

I have great satisfaction in ac. Mr. President, and Gentlemen of quainting you that, in compliance

his Majesty's Council ; with my representations, a measure Mr. Speaker, and Gentlemen of the has been adopted by his majesty's House of Assembly;

government, for completing the ar. I am happy to acquaint you that mament of all the militia forces of various important operations of in. this province, without any charge ternal improvement have made upon its local funds. I shall have considerable advancement during occasion to communicate with you the present year. Had those re. by special message, on some ar. trenchments in the expenditure of rangements, relating to this impor. the country, which I now recom. tant subject. Confident, now, in mend, been suddenly introduced, the full efficiency of an excellent when the late severe depression militia system, to the formation of occurred, many of the public works which my attention has long been then under execution must have devoted, and which you have en. been suspended, and the country abled me to establish, by law.subjected to great additional dis. Provided with every requisite by tress, from the more general stag. which to render that system prac. nations so thrown upon her inter. tically efficient, when necessary; nal operations. Being enabled, by and convinced of the sentiments a particular arrangement, to keep and spirit which would animate those works in full activity, I deem. and inspire it for the defence and ed it highly expedient rather to security of the country, I congra. cause them to proceed with increas. tulate you on the perfection of a ed spirit, than to relax in exertions measure upon which so much re. which I perceived would be highly liance may justly be placed in the productive, as well as in other res. day of need, and which, by a judipects beneficial. The effect is cious exercise of the powers vested apparent: and in reviewing the in me, will be lightly felt by the past period of depression in the people, when no need is. I re. commend this system to your con. object of the measure ; and with tinued support, in all its essential the extent to which New.Bruns. provisions.

wick may participate, with the other I took an early opportunity of North American provinces, and the bringing under the consideration West India colonies, generally, in of a former assembly, the expe. a national work which it may fairly diency of ascertaining the practi. be considered will be beneficial to cability, and probable cost, of all. opening a water communication In a position one of the least re. across the narrow isthmus which mote from the parent state ; and separates the gulf of St. Lawrence remarkably favoured, in produc. from the bay of Fundy. The tions as well as in localities, for practicability of such an under constant and mutually advantageous taking has been satisfactorily as intercourse with her, and with certained: but it would not have other of her colonies-Protected been prudent for New Brunswick, by her power, and free to partici. to take the execution upon herself; pate in the benefits of her extend. and the circumstances of those ed commerce, which she adapts times were not altogether propi. with special regard to the interests tious for bringing it forward on ge. of these possessions-With a rich neral grounds. But in the present and fertile soil, over which cultiva. state of the inter-colonial trade, the tion and its attendant benefits are accomplishment of this great pro gradually extending their comforts ject becomes an object of so much and their blessings; or, where still national importance, that I have re. in a virgin state, abounding with commended it in the strongest valuable productions which will manner to the paternal considera- long enable this province to con. tion of his majesty's government, tribute to the commercial and maand to the governments of the ritime greatness of the empire, and adjoining provinces. Copies of at the same, if properly managed, my communications on this sub. to improve her own condition and ject, shall be laid before you. enrich herself-Intersected with Though not to be undertaken solely rivers, and other water communi. on New-Brunswick's account, this cations, extending from near the is a measure in which she is most centre where this capital is fast nearly concerned, and which could rising in consideration and impor. not proceed without your concurtance, to every part of the sea. rence. In the documents which board, where, at the estuaries of have been prepared for your infor. noble rivers, a flourishing and po. mation, you will find reason suffi. pulous city, thriving towns, and cient to induce you to give to the dense communities, about to be. measure, the fullest consideration; come such, have a'ready arisenand, without giving any precise Surrounded by seas, teeming with pledge, these will incline you to af. sources of future wealth and pow. ford whatever conditional contribu. er; and not deficient, in the more tion may appear to correspond unexplored recesses of her soil, of with the particular position and other inherent resources, which at circumstances of this province, a suitable season, it will become viewed relatively with the general prudent and productive to develope

Enjoying all the rights and privi. selves, and transmit to yourdescenleges of British subjects, under the dants ; nor indulge too freely in paternal government of our most the hope and expectation, that gracious sovereign, and a wise sys. New Brunswick shall flourish in tem of laws, framed by yourselves, no common degree, if her inhabiadministered at the charge of your tants continue to show that they generous and affectionate parent know how to estimate the bless. With capabilities of high statistical ings, and improve the advantages value, and such as these, in pos. they possess ; and if proper mea. session of a hardy, loyal, indus. sures be taken by all on whom it trious and well disposed population :-' may depend to promote and secure I hold not too high the advantages them. which you may secure to your.

LEGISLATURE OF NOVA-SCOTIA.

From the Halifax Royal Gazette, Feb- Mr. Speaker, and Gentlemen of the ruary 11.

House of Assembly, On Thursday, at two o'clock, his I am happy to acquaint you that excellency Sir Peregrine Maitland, your address respecting the dispo. attended by his suite, went to the sal of the duties collected under Council Chamber, and having ta. the statutes of the Imperial Parlia. ken his seat, a message was sent ment, for regulating the colonial to the Assembly, commanding their trade, has received the considera. attendance; on their entrance, his tion of his majesty's government; excellency opened the session with and I doubt not you will discern in the following speech :

the communication I am instructed Mr. President, and Gentlemen of to make to you, a fresh proof of

his Majesty's Council, Mr. Spea that liberal policy towards the co. ker, and Gentlemen of the House lonics, which prevails in his Majes. of Assembly,

ty's councils. I have called you together at The usual accounts and esti. the time which best accords with mates shall be laid before you, and the ordinary course of public bu. I trust you will make the necessary siness, with the desire I have felt provision for the public service. to obtain early, for my administra. Mr. President, and Gentlemen of tion, the advantage of your council his Majesty's Council, Mr. Spea. and support.

ker, and Gentlemen of the House It is a great satisfaction to me, of Assembly, that I can rely with confidence for Fully sensible that it is my duty, this constitutional aid, on that tem. as it is my inclination, to execute per and public spirit which have the trust committed to me by my ever been so honourable to this sovereign with the utmost advan. legislature, and so productive of tage to the province, it has natu. successful consequence to its la. rally been my endeavour to make bours.

myself acquainted with the general

interests, and to ascertain how far extensively beneficial. A full re. the measures, recently adopted by port on this interesting subject shall the legislature, were on trial likely be submitted to you, so soon as the to produce the results for which commissioners in the several coun. they were contemplated.

ties shall supply the necessary de. The fisheries have, under the tails. encouragement you have afforded I shall freely communicate with them, been engaged in with spirit, you by message on all subjects and it is hoped, with advantage to 'touching the public interests, as the persons most interested in their occasions may arise; in the fullest success; and although I am not assurance, that any suggestion yet enabled to give you all the in. which, by our labours, can be ren. formation desirable, in regard to dered subservient to the increase of the operation of your act for the general welfare, will not be promoting the establishment of recommended by me to your con. schools, it appears to have been sideration in vain.

OPENING OF THE PARLIAMENT OF LOWER CANADA,

Quebec, November 21, 1828. province, if I did not look forward, A little before two o'clock his ex. with a sanguine hope, to the enjoy. cellency the administrator of the ment of your confidence, and your government came down in state cordial co-operation in my adminis. from the castle of St. Louis. Be tration of the government. ing seated on the throne, his excel. Without a good understanding lency opened the session in the between the different branches of following speech :

the legislature, the public affairs Gentlemen of the Legislative of the colony cannot prosper; the Council,

evils which are now experienced, Gentlemen of the House of As. cannot be effectually cured, the sembly,

prosperity and welfare of his ma. His majesty having been most jesty's Canadian subjects cannot graciously pleased to confide to be promoted ; and you may there. me the government of this impor. fore believe that no exertions will tant colony, it affords me great be spared on my part, to promote satisfaction to meet you in provin. conciliation, by measures in which cial parliament.

the undoubted prerogatives of the Placed in a situation of so much crown, and your constitutional pri. importance, at a period of pecu. vileges, will be equally respected. liar difficulty, I cannot but feel that His majesty's government has, very arduous duties are imposed however, relieved me from the upon me : duties, indeed, which I responsibility attendant upon any should despair of being able to dis measures to be adopted for the charge, to the gatisfaction of his adjustment of the financial difficul. majesty, and his faithful and loyal ties that have unfortunately occursubjects the inhabitants of this red; and I shall take an early op.

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