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tion to the disposal of a large por. the interests and efficiency of his tion of the revenue of this province, government, this house will most may be persisted in.

respectfully consider any estimate 3. That under no circumstances, for the necessary expenses of the and upon no considerations what. civil government for the ensuing soever, ought this house to aban. year, which may be laid before it, don, or in any way compromise, its confidently trusting, that in any inherent and constitutional right, such estimate a due regard will be as a branch of the provisional par. had to that economy which the preliament representing his majesty's sent circumstances of the country subjects in this colony, to superin. and its other wants require. tend and control the receipt and 7. That on the permanent set. expenditure of the whole public tlement before mentioned being ef. revenue arising within this pro. fected, with the consent of this vince.

house, it will be expedient to ren. 4. That any legislative enact. der the governor, lieutenant go. ment in this matter by the parlia. vernor, or any person administering ment of the united kingdom, in the government, for the time being, which his majesty's subjects in the judges and executive councilthis province are not and cannot lors, independent of the annual vote be represented, unless it were for of this house, to the extent of their the repeal of such British statutes, present salaries. or any part of British statutes, as 8. That although this house feels may be held by his majesty's go. most grateful for the increased se. vernment to militate against the curity against the illegal applica. constitutional right of the subject tion of the public money which in this colony, could in no way tend must result from his majesty's goto a settlement of the affairs of the vernment referring all persons who province.

may have been concerned in such 5. That no interference of the application to an act of indemnity British legislature with the esta. to be consented to by this house, it blished constitution and laws of will be inexpedient to consent to this province, excepting on such any such enactment, till the full points as from the relation between extent and character of such illegal the mother country and the Ca. application may have been fully in. nadas can only be disposed of by quired into and considered. the paramount authority of the 9. That this house feels the British parliament, can in any way most sincere gratitude for his ma. tend to the final adjustment of any jesty's solicitude to effect the most difficulties or misunderstandings perfect security against the recur. which may exist in this province, rence of abuses on the part of per. but rather to aggravate and per. sons intrusted with public moneys petuate them.

in this province. 6. That in order to meet the 10. That this house has not com. difficulties of the ensuing year, and plained, nor have any complaints to second the gracious intentions been made known to it, respecting of his majesty for the permanent the arbitration for the distribution settlement of the financial concerns between the provinces of Upper of the province, with due regard to ment the painful and invidious duty and Lower Canada of the duties hereafter result, from the manner collected in Lower Canada ; but in which the powers and superin. that in this, as in every other re. tendence of the crownl in the most spect, this house will most cheer- essential particular as effecting the fully co-operate in every equitable general prosperity of the province, and constitutional measure which may have been exerted. may be submitted to it as desira. 14. That it is the desire of this house ble by the inhabitants of Upper to take as speedily as possible every Canada.

measure in its power, that the inhabi. 11. That this house has seen tants of the townships, upon a subdi. with sentiments of the highest sa vision of the counties in which they tisfaction and gratitude, the decla. are situated, by act of the provincial ration of the willingness of his ma. parliament, shall have a full and jesty's government cheerfully to equitable representation in this accede to the desires which the house, of persons of their own free assembly has so frequently express choice; and that the house will sed, during the last twenty years, of cheerfully concur in every mea. having an agent in England to in. sure which may appear to be most dicate the wishes of the inhabitants desirable to their inhabitants, and of Lower Canada ; and that it is most conducive to the general wel. expedient to provide for such an fare. appointment without delay.

15. That this house is fully sen. 12. That so soon as the scheme sible of the distinguished mark of in contemplation of his majesty's confidence reposed in the loyalty government for the permanent set- and attachment hitherto evinced tlement of the financial concerns by his majesty's Canadian subjects of the province shall have been and their representatives in the made known and considered, it provincial parliament, by his ma. may be expedient to provide some jesty's declaration that he relies on adequate indemnity to such per- them for an amicable adjustinent sons as were placed on the civil es. of the various questions which have tablishment of this province with been so long in dispute. salaries prior to the year 1818, 16. That amongst these ques. and whose offices may have been tions not particularly mentioned on found to be unnecessary, or require the present occasion, this house to be abolished.

holds as most desirable to be adjust. 13. That this house will cheer. ed and most essential to the future fully consent in any measure which peace, welfare, and good govern. may appear most likely to be suc. ment of the province, viz.. cessful in effectually removing the The independence of the judges, great inconvenience which has and their removal from the political been sustained from the non-per. business of the province. formance of the duties of settle. The responsibility and accountament by grantees or holders of land bility of public officers. obtained from the crown, and A greater independence of sup. otherwise remove the obstructions port from the public revenue, and to the settlement of the country more intimate connexion with the which may have resulted, or may interests of the colony, in the

composition of the legislative coun. tioned against by the subjects in cil.

this province, thereby assuring to The application of the late pro. all the invaluable benefit of an im. perty of the Jesuits to the purpose partial, conciliatory and constitu. of general education.

tional government, and restoring a The removal of all obstructions well-founded and reciprocal confi. to the settlement of the country, dence between the governors and particularly by the crown and the governed. clergy reserves remaining unoccu. That an humble address be prepied in the neighbourhood of roads sented to his excellency the admi. and settlements, and exempt from nistrator of the government, with the common burthens;

a copy of the foregoing resolu. And a diligent inquiry into, and tions, humbly praying that he would a ready redress of, all grievances be pleased to submit the same to and abuses which may be found to his majesty's government in Engexist, or which may have been peti. land.

LEGISLATURE OF UPPER CANADA.

York, U.C. Majesty's faithful Canadian sub. His Excellency addressed both jects; and I trust, if the public good Houses of the Provincial Parlia. be exclusively and diligently conment in the following Speech : sidered, in the exercise of your im.

portant functions, that those ends Honourable Gentlemen of the Legis. will be assured, and that the bene.

lative Council, and Gentlemen official effects of your proceedings the House of Assembly.

will soon be apparent in every part At the time of my assuming the of the province. government which his Majesty has Gentlemen of the House of Assembly, been pleased to commit to my I have ordered the estimates of charge, I was desirous of meeting the present year, and the public you in provincial parliament at an accounts, to be laid before you. earlier period than the present : but The commands of his majesty the interests of the country have that have relation to the several been best consulted by convening addresses of the House of Assem. you at a season when little embar. bly of the last parliament, shall be rassment, or inconvenience, can be communicated to you. . experienced in any district, from Honourable Gentlemen, and Gentlemen, your being called to your legisla. The laws that are about to expire tive duties.

will require your consideration. In recommending your inmediate The repeal of the act, entitled, “ An and earnest attention to be directed act for better securing this Proto affairs that are closely connected vince,” &c. passed in the 44th year with the welfare of the colony, I of the late king, is, I think, advimust remark, that no surer proofs sable, as it seldom can be applied of your vigilance and judgment can to cases which it was intended to be adduced, than the prosperity, meet. happiness and contentment of his The report of the arbitrators on

the part of Upper and Lower Cana. suaded that some better expedient da, for ascertaining the proportion than statute labour must be resort. of duties to be paid to this province, ed to for maintaining the roads in has been transmitted to me ; and it a proper state. must be satisfactory to you to be The sums expended on the useful informed, that on that question, an works now in progress, circulate in equitable arrangement has taken their natural channels, remain in place.

the province, enrich it, and promote The public schools are general. industry. On the extent of proteca ly increasing, but their present or. tion and encouragement afforded ganization appears susceptible of to projects of this kind ;—and on improvement.

your being prepared, by means of Measures will be adopted, I hope, the essential aid of well organized to reform the Royal Grammar institutions, for the reception and School, and to incorporate it with location of every description of set. the university recently endowed by tler, the agricultural interests of his majesty, and to introduce a sys. the colony, and the advance of its tem in that seminary that will open commerce, will be found chiefly to to the youth of the province the depend. means of receiving a liberal and ex. tensive course of instruction. Un

GENERAL ORDERS. ceasing exertion should be made to Horse.Guards, July 18, 1829. attract able masters to this country, His majesty, being desirous to where the population bears no pro, encourage officers to become set. portion to the number of officers and tlers in the British North American employments, that must necessarily provinces, is pleased to command be held by men of education and that grants of land, in the propor. acquirements, for the support of the tions undermentioned, shall, on the laws, and of your free institutions. recommendation of the general

The expense already incurred in commanding in chief, be made to carrying on the works in the Gore those officers who may be induced and Niagara districts has been con. to avail themselves of the offer, siderable, but few will regret that viz. they have been undertaken. Such

Acres. enterprises can, at first, be seldom Lieutenant-colonel, . . 1200 duly appreciated. It is obvious, Major, . . . . . . 1000 however, that the value of the pro. Captain, . . . . . . 800 ductions of your soil can never be Subaltern, . . . . . 500 known, unless you have canals, subject always to the conditions of and good internal communications, actual residence, and cultivation of to facilitate your commercial in the land assigned, within a limited tercourse with the vast empire of period. which you form a part.

Officers who shall propose to From the observations of the De. settle in the British provinces of puty Post-Master-General at Que North America, will, if of a proper bec, to which I shall draw your at age, and if their service shall be tention, respecting the impossibili, considered as entitling them to the ty of forwarding the mails with ei- indulgence, be permitted to dis. ther expedition or safety, I am per pose of their commissions ; and in

order that his majesty's govern. mitted by the governor or officer ment may have full security for the commanding in the province, that appropriation to the intended pur- the officer is actually settled. pose of the sums produced by such The reserved money will then be sale, it is his majesty's command, paid to him. that the agent, to whom the pur. By command of the right hon. chase money is paid, shall be in. ourable, the general commanding structed to retain in his hands one in chief. . third of the amount in each case, HERBERT TAYLOR, Adj. Gen. until a certificate shall be trans

MEXICO.

Speech of citizen Guadaloupe Victoria, President of the Mexican United

States, delivered in the hall of the Congress of the Union, at the regular session, May 21, 1828.

Citizens Representatives and Senators The cry of universal indignation

of the Congress of the Union: drowned that of the discontented, At the beginning of this year, and they plunged themselves into'the and of the second term of the con. abyss which they had endeavour. gress of the union, the republic ex. ed to open for their country. The perienced a crisis, and the institu. government did not alter its course, tions to which we had pleged our and public spirit being confirmed oath, and which the people has by the triumphs of the cause of maintained, were exposed to a liberty, the congress and the execu. violent attack. The Mexican na. tive were able to devote them. tion achieved its liberty by great selves to the exact discharge of efforts, confirmed its independence their duties, as soon as they had by means of costly sacrifices, and fulfilled the sacred and important felt secure that if danger threat. one, of giving domestic peace to ened, it would be fearlessly met, in the republic. defence of a system which places The very efforts which were our country on a level with the made to disturb the public order, most refined and fortunate nations. only served to give it more stabili. Events have proved the justness of ty, and there is no corner in the this anticipation. By the unani. vast extent of the United Mexican mous expression of opinion, the States, which does not fully en. project of a revolution was con joy it. demned, and anarchy saw its vain During the session, the treaty of hopes dissipated, and became con. boundaries between this republic vinced of its own impotence. The and the United States of North people, the congress, the govern. America has been approved, and ment, saved the constitution, saved after being ratified by the govern. the political existence of the great ment, has been sent for an exMexican nation,

change of ratifications to our mi.

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