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mutual well-being, and to contri. may contribute to fix the dividing bute, to their security and good line in a manner more natural, name by every means in their exact and proper for avoiding com. power.
petition and difference between the Art. 3. Neither of the contract. inhabitants and authorities of the ing parties will permit the passage frontiers. through their territory, nor lend Art. 6. In order to obtain this aid of any kind, to the enemies of last result as briefly as possible, it the other; but, on the contrary, will has been agreed, and is here ex. employ their good offices, and even pressly agreed, that a commission their mediation, if necessary, for composed of two individuals from the re-establishment of peace each republic shall be appointed by whenever hostilities may break out both governments, which shall with one or more powers, not per examine, rectify and fix the divi. mitting in the meanwhile an en. ding line conformably to the stipu. trance in the ports of either repub. lation in the previous article. This lic to the privateers and prizes commission shall place, with the which the said enemies may make consent of its respective govern. from the citizens of Colombia and ments, each one in possession of Peru.
the parts belonging to it, in propor. Art. 4. The military forces in tion as it marks out and recognises the department of the south of the said line, commencing from the Colombia and in those of the north River Tumbes in the Pacific ocean. of Peru, shall be reduced, upon the Art. 7. It is also stipulated be. ratification of the present treaty, to tween the contracting parties, that the footing of peace, so that, here. the commission of limits shall after, it shall not be permitted to commence its labours forty days maintain in them more than the after the ratification of the present garrisons and bodies necessary treaty, and shall terminate them in and indispensable to preserve the six months afterward. If the mem. country in security and quiet. All bers of said commission shall disa. the prisoners taken during the pre gree in one or more points in the sent war who are now in the course of their operations, they power of the authorities of either of shall give to their respective go. the two republics, shall be sent vernments a circumstantial acback en masse to their respective count of every thing, in order that, countries, without the necessity of taking it into consideration, they exchange or ransom. . may resolve amicably upon what
Art. 5. Both parties recognise may be most advantageous, in the as the limits of their respective mean time, continuing their labours territories the same that the an until their conclusion, without intercient vice-royalities, New-Grenada ruption. and Peru, had before their indepen. Art. 8. It has been agreed, and dence, with the sole variations that is here expressly agreed, that the they may think proper to agree inhabitants of the small territories upon between themselves, to affect who, by virtue of the fifth arti. which they bind themselves from cle, are mutually to yield the this time reciprocally to make such parts agreed on, shall enjoy the precessions of smaller territories as rogatives, privileges, and exemp.
tions which the other inhabitants of to which the natives or denizens the country in which they may de. of each of the contracting parties finitely fix their residence have or were subject.. may enjoy. Those who declare Art. 10. It is also stipulated, before the local authorities their that a commission, composed of intention of becoming citizens two citizens on each side, shall li. either of Colombia or Peru, shall quidate, in the city of Lima, within have a year, in order to dispose, as the time designated in the 7th armay seem best to them, of all their ticle, on the subject of boundaries, moveable and immoveable goods, the debt, which the republic of and to transport themselves with Peru contracted with that of Co. their families and property to the lombia for the assistance lent du. country of their choice, free from ring the late war against the com. every obligation and charge what. mon enemy. In case of the disa. soever, without undergoing the greement of the members, either least trouble or vexation whatever. on part of Colombia or Peru, up.
Art. 9. The navigation and on one or more parts of the ac. commerce of the rivers and lakes counts of which they may have which flow or may flow through the cognizance, they shall make to frontiers of either republic, shall their respective governments an be entirely free to the citizens of explanation of the motives on both, without any distinction; and which their disagreement was under no pretext shall there be founded, in order that the said go. imposed upon them incumbrances vernments may amicably deter. or impediments of any kind in their mine what is just, without a cessa. dealings, exchanges, and recipro. tion, however, on the part of the cal sales of those articles which commission, of continuing the ex. may belong to lawful and free amination and liquidation of the commerce, and which consist of other parts of the debts, until it is the natural products of their re. completely ascertained and satis. spective countries, subject only to · fied. the duties, charges or emoluments
TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN PERU AND BOLIVIA ; CONCLUDED JULY
6TH, 1828; AT THE VILLAGE OF PEQUISA.
Art. 1. In the space of fifteen Art. 2. There shall be excepted days from the ratification of this from the operation of the prece. treaty by the commanders-in-chief ding article, subalterns below the of the belligerent armies, all per. grade of captain, inclusive, who sons who are in the army of the may remain in the republic, re. Bolivian republic, and who are Co. nouncing the military service, but lombians or foreigners, shall begin the president of the republic may, to depart from the territory of the after he shall be elected, recall republic,
them to the army.
Art. 3. All other officers, who occupy the department of Potosi shall, by virtue of the first article, until the meeting of the constitube compelled to quit the republic, tional congress, and then it shall may return after the national as. commence irs march towards Paz sembly shall be installed ; and du. and Oreoco by the department of ring their absence they shall re. Cochabamba. It shall receive all ceive half-pay from the public the necessary articles of subsisttreasury, until the president decides ence on the way. whether they shall or not continue Art. 8. The national assembly, in the military service and receive after having carried into effect the full pay. The persons comprehend. sixth article, shall suspend its sited in the second article shall also tings, to resume them after the enjoy half-pay, subject to the same Peruvian army shall have passed conditions.
the Desaguadero. Art. 4. The squadrons of Co. Art. 9. The Bolivian army shall lombian grenadiers and hussars, occupy the department of Chuquisa. who are in Bolivia, shall commence ca, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, and their homeward route by the route Tarija, as well as that of Potosi, which shall be designated, as far as the day after they shall be evacua. Arica ; the commander-in-chief of ted by the Peruvian army. The the Peruvian army shall furnish revenues of the latter department, them with transports, the republic so long as it shall be occupied by of Bolivia assuming to pay the the Peruvian army and those of expenses resulting therefrom. Oreoco and De Paz, while it re.
Art. 5. The day after the rati. mains within the Bolivian territory, fication of the treaty, the com- shall be appropriated to its use, af. mander-in-chief of the Bolivian ter deducting the charges of col. army shall issue a decree, convo. lection. king for the first of August, the Art. 10. The governments of constitutional congress, which is the two republics shall agree be. now adjourned, and which shall tween themselves as to the rere-assemble in the city of Chuqui. clamations that they may recipro. saca, for the purpose, Ist, of re. cally make, after the Peruvian army ceiving and accepting the resigna. shall have passed the Desagua. tion of the president of the repub. dero. lic, the grand marshal of Ayacu. Art. 11. The two republics shall cho, Antonia Jose de Sucre ; 2d, resume their mutual relations by to name a provisional government; means of their diplomatic agents, 3d, to convoke, with all possible after the Peruvian army shall have speed, a national assembly, to re- evacuated the Bolivian territory. vise, modify or maintain the ex. Ari. 12. Neither of the two re. isting constitution.
publics shall contract any relations Art. 6. This national assembly with the empire of Brazil, until it shall name and elect a president of shall conclude a peace with the the republic, and shall designate Argentine republic. the day when the Peruvian army Art. 13. All persons belonging shall begin to evacuate the terri. to either republic who are in the tory of the republic.
armies of the other, shall be imme. Art. 7. The Peruvian army shall diately dismissed, it being express.
ly understood that the Bolivians may either army, afier the ratification remain in their own country, and of this treaty. that the Peruvians may return to Art .16. Two officers, who shall theirs, leaving them at full liberty be designated by the contracting so to do. Colombian soldiers in generals, shall be given as hosta. the two armies are comprized in ges for the fulfilment of this treaty. this article, and neither party shall Art. 17. This treaty shall be be at liberty to reclaim deserters. ratified or rejected within twenty.
Art. 14. No Bolivians shall be four hours, and in case it shall be accountable to the law, nor respon. disapproved or not ratified, hostili. sible, directly nor indirectly, for ties shall re-commence in twelve having expressed their opinions hours. under existing circumstances, and Signed in duplicate. those who are in that predicament, Miguel MARIA DE AGUIRRE. shall be treated and regarded ac. LEGEN. JOSE MIGUEL DE VELASCO. cording to their talents and ser. MIGUEL DEL CARPIO, Sec'ry. vices.
Art. 15. The contracting par. Juan AGUSTINO LIRA. ties shall be responsible for all hos. Juan BAPTISTA ARQUEDAS. tile acts, which may take place in Jose Maria Lopez, Sec'ry,
CONVENTION BETWEEN HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY AND TIE EMPEROR OT
BRAZIL, FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE,
SIGNED AT RIO DE JANEIRO, NOVEMBER 23, 1826.
Art. 1. At the expiration of themselves bound to provide for three years, to be reckoned from the regulation of the said trade, the exchange of the ratifications till the time of its final abolition, of the present treaty, it shall not they hereby mutually agree to be lawful for the subjects of the adopt and renew, as effectually as cmperor of Brazil to be concerned if the same were inserted, word in the carrying on of the African for word, in this convention, the slave-trade, under any pretext or several articles and provisions of in any manncr whatever, and the the treaties concluded between his carrying on of such trade after Britannic majesty and the king of that period, by any person, subject Portugal on this subject, on the of his imperial majesty, shall be 22d of January, 1815, and on deemed and treated as piracy. the 28th of July, 1817, and the
Art. 2. His majesty the king of several explanatory articles which the United Kingdom of Great have been added thereto. Britain and Ireland, and his ma. Art. 3. The high contracting jesty the emperor of Brazil, deem. parties further agree, that all the ing it necessary to declare the en. matters and things contained in gagements by which they hold those treaties, together with the instructions and regulations, and the united kingdoms of Great Bri. forms of instruments annexed to tain and Ireland, their heirs and the treaty of the 28th of July, sucessors, their subjects, states, 1817, shall be applied, mutalis and countries, without distinction mutandis, to the said high con. of person or of place. tracting parties and their subjects, Art. 2. His imperial majesty, as effectually as if they were re. and his Britannic majesty, have cited word for word herein ; con- agreed, that each of the high confirming and approving hereby all tracting parties shall have the matters and things done by their right of naming, and placing con. respective subjects under the said suls.general, consuls, and vicetreaties, and in execution thereof. consuls in all or any of the ports of
Art. 4. For the execution of the the other, as may be judged neces. purposes of this convention, the sary for the commercial interests high contracting parties further and advantage of its subjects. The agree to appoint forthwith mixed consuls of each class cannot enter commissions, after the form of upon their functions, unless named those already established on the by their respective monarchs, part of his Britannic majesty and with all the requisite formalities, the king of Portugal, under the and confirmed by the monarch convention of the 28th of July, upon whose territory they are pla. 1817.
ced. The most perfect equality Art. 5. The present convention is to exist between the consuls of shall be ratified, and the ratifica. each class throughout the territory tions shall be exchanged at London of each of the high contracting within four months from the date parties. The consuls shall enjoy hereof, or sooner if possible. the privileges attached to their
In witness whereof, the respec. rank, as generally recognised and tive plenipotentiaries have signed granted. In all civil and criminal the same, and have affixed thereto affairs, they are to submit like the the seals of their arms.
rest of their fellow-countrymen, to Done at Rio de Janeiro, the the laws of the land in which they 23d day of November, in the year reside, and to enjoy the entire pro. of our Lord 1826.
tection of those laws during their [l.s.] ROBERT GORDON.
observance of them. L.s.] Marquez de S. AMARO. Art. 3. The consuls, and vice(L.s.] Marquez de INHAMBUPF. consuls of the two nations shall,
each in his respective residence, Treaty of Commerce and Naviga- take cognizance and decide upon
tion between his Britannic Majes. the differences which may arise ty, and his Majesty the Emperor between the subjects, the captains, of Brazil.
and crews, of the vessels of their Rio Janeiro, August 17th, 1827. respective nations, without the in. In the name of the Holy and tervention of the authorities of the Indivisible Trinity, &c. &c. countries, unless the public tran.
Art. 1. There shall be peace quillity demand it, or unless the and friendship for ever, between parties themselves carry the affair his majesty the emperor of Bra. before the tribunals of the territory, zil, and his majesty the king of in which the difference arises. In