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cient revenue, for the annual pay. fund reserved for the loan in ques. ment of interest, and for the sinking tion.)

BUENOS AYRES.

MESSAGE OF THE EXECUTIVE OF BUENOS AYRES TO THE LEGISLATURE, 1828.

Gentlemen Representatives,

must be hereafter united. It has The government of the province the satisfaction to announce to you, of Buenos-Ayres, sees with the that the result has corresponded greatest satisfaction the opening of with its hopes, and that reason has the seventh legislative assembly rarely obtained a triumph so easy At this moment are realized the and rapid in the midst of so much hopes conceived on the first days of agitation. The government has the revolution ; thereforefit presents cause to congratulate itself in the itself with the fullest confidence to naming of the deputies who have salute the honourable representa. acted in a negotiation so importtives, and to give a faithful ac. ant. The provinces, in addition count of the affairs confided to its to having withdrawn their arms direction. Nevertheless, it is not from civil war, have given them a possible to do so with the same mi. more noble direction, and have nuteness as heretofore, the war named representatives to form a having paralyzed a portion of the convention in the city of Santa Fé, means of interior improvement; which will probably have the good and for this reason, it can only fortune to lay the foundation of speak of the most important points, the national happiness. as far as the actual state of the The negotiations for peace with country will permit. Internal his majesty the emperor of Brazil, tranquillity has been the first ob. still continue, and there are well. ject to which it directed its atten. founded hopes that the day is not tion, satisfied that without that we far distant in which the war will should be condemned by the world, terminate satisfactorily; notwithand be the derision of our enemies. standing which, the government, Past experience has not been suffi. sensible that honour is the vital cient to convince us, that the form. principle of nations, continues to ation of a state is subjected to the support it at every sacrifice, until general laws of nature, in which peace can be realized ; and hopes nothing can arrive at perfection ex. that, should necessity require it, cept slowly and progressively. The you will with pleasure make every government, acting upon this prin necessary sacrifice. The nations ciple, applied itself to the extinc. of our continent continue to give tion of discord and re-establishment us proofs of their good wishes, and of the quiet of the interior, under Great Britain renders us constantly whose shade alone can flourish the the good offices of a true friend. real interests by which the nation The officers and forces by land and

sea have displayed great constancy if it is found necessary. But the and bravery, and have obtained most iinportant is, that in this considerable advantages, which re. establishment we have occupied commend them to the respect and the interesting position of White gratitude of every good citizen. Bay, (Bahia Blanca,) which is sur. When it appeared that the war was rounded with commodious har. at a stand, and that the armies of bours, agricultural land, and es. the two hostile powers faced each tensive woods. Its maritime coasts other, without either being able to abound with fisheries, and some advance, an intrepid chief, with a ports, enabling us to have hereafter handful of Argentines, has reco. a respectable marine, which will vered our old possessions of the be the · shield of the republic, “ Misiones Orientales ;" his force The communication to Chile by has been there increased, and the land, from the same point, is short joy evinced by the inhabitants in and convenient; and the navigation returning to the bosom of the re. of the Red river (Rio Colorado) public, sufficiently proves the ab. will perhaps afford a more easy surdity of conquest. The expedi. exportation of the produce of some tion from the north now marching of the interior provinces. The to the same point, when united to government has ordered the land the said force, will form a respect to be surveyed, and to trace out able army, the expense of which is the most proper place to erect a inconsiderable, and which can easi. city, to be called the “ New Buenos ly combine its operations with the Ayres.The importance to which main army, and will prove the it is likely to arrive gives it a symbol of the concord and enthu. claim to so glorious a title. The siasm of the provinces.

zeal manifested in this undertak. The militia of the city and the ing, by all those charged with the country, which had been almost execution of it, deserves the highest dissolved, and in a state of nullity, praise. Through the stagnation has been reorganized, and performs of our foreign commerce, that of important services, enabling the the interior has rapidly increased, troops of the line to be placed on especially those capitals that have the frontiers, and wherever their been applied to agricultural pur. attentions may be called for in the poses, labourers being abundant, foreign war. The new line of from the cessation of the impress. frontier is established ; this under. In the midst of all this, the taking, as desirable as it is im. establishment of public grammar. portant, commenced under the most schools for children in the city and auspicious circumstances. The In. country required particular attendians, with whom the government tion. The government took them continues the measures of peace into consideration, and having and conciliation with the most placed at the head of them an happy effects, will no more commit individual who is well known for depredations with impunity, and his philanthropy, it has produced the immense acquisition of territory the desired effect. Private colleges has doubled the guaranty of the and houses of education have bepublic debt, so that this burden gun to be established ; the govern. may be taken off in a short time, ment encourages, by every means,

this species of industry, the most of the 8th of May has suppressed useful for the country, and hopes in part this licentious writing. that in a short time it will not be and public opinion wili by degrees necessary for youths to cross the banish it. The administration of seas, seeking the treasure of science justice requires a change, from with the danger of losing those which considerable advantages are sentiments which alone can be expected. The government will cultivated in their native land. have the honour of laying it before The ladies of the Benevolent So. you for your consideration. Of ciety have shown in the present all our domestic wants, none is year how much the nation is in more urgent than to fix, in a debted to them for their assiduous certain and positive manner, the efforts to forward education. The basis of the national bank. This public schools continue in the establishment, at present, requires same state: that of San Miguel the strongest guaranties ; and to has improved. The works at the give them, it will be only necessa. cathedral church, and of the high ry to act with prudence. road to Ensenada, and the canal of As the province of Buenos Ayres San Fernando, are nearly com. has providod exclusively the funds pleted. Many country towns have for the defence of the nation, it is been assisted with funds to repair but fair to state that when the pretheir churches, or to build new sent administration shall have been ones; and until, in process of time, one year in office, in August next, our laws and customs be improved, they will have expended 1,000,000 a new prison for debtors is fitting of dollars less than they had cal. up. The hospitals, especially that culated upon; after having disfor women, receive important im. charged enormous outstanding provements; the government thus debts, established the frontier, endeavouring to alleviate the suf. clothed, armed, and paid the army ferings of the unfortunate. The and navy, paid for the transport important establishment of vaccina. and armament of the contingents tion has been augmented, and its from the provinces, provided the utility has never been more felt expenses of foreign affairs, and than at this moment : whilst the nearly all those of the convention; neighbouring provinces are visited supplied the parks of artillery and by the terrible scourge of the magazines, having attended at the small.pox, it has scarcely been felt same time to the internal expense in this city, and the government of the province. It is true that has put in practice every means they have suspended for the present entirely to eradicate it.

the payment of the interest upon The liberty of the press has of the loan in London, and that this late been greatly abused. Some dreadful measure was foreseen in ill-advised persons have carried its making the above calculations, but licentiousness to such an extent as it was one of those alternatives to bring discredit upon the country necessary to be taken, in order to among foreign nations, where it is avoid greater cvils : the operation not possible to know that such pro. 'of issuing paper in Buenos Ayres ductions only produce here con. to send gold to England would be icmpt for their anthors. The law like adding fuel to fire, and, in

the end, would devour all. The have been supressed ; as will be government has the satisfaction to also other departments and ex. learn, by means of a respectable penses, not because the govern. house in London, to whom it has ment did not recognise their utility, confided the management of this taken in the abstract, but because affair, that the holders of the bonds they were in disproportion with its have duly appreciated the circum. means to sustain them, and therestances of the country, not doubt. fore served only as a vain appear. ing that the government intends ance. The government, in this to (as it most certainly will) remit respect, despising any ephemeral to them, upon the first opportunity, popularity, will perform its duty. the funds necessary for the fulfil. The expenses of the war have ment of its engagements. Every been reduced to the lowest possible day proves the necessity of placing amount. It can assure you that the direct taxes upon a solid founda. the charges, in this respect, upon tion, and that the projects of law the revenue, is hardly one third of in that respect, submitted in the what might be expected. preceding session, should receive Finally, gentlemen representa. your sanction as soon as possible ; tives, if a comparative view is taken the government on its part is pre. of the present state of the province, pared to give a new form to the and that in which it was in the mode of collection. The system month of August last year, it ought of confiding to particular indivi. to be viewed as very satisfactory. duals, in farming it out, might be The government confides in your very well at the commencement, enlightened and cordial co-opera. but now that more information tion, not only in sustaining the has been obtained upon the sub. present institutions, but in advan. ject, it will be advisable to ad. cing them to greater perfection. minister it by persons permanently

MANUEL DORREGO. employed, with adequate salaries,

Jose Maria Roxas. who can be promoted according to

Juan Ramon BALCARCE. their merits.

To the very Hon. Junta of Re. The department of engineers, presentatives of the province architects, and botanical garden, of Buenos-Ayres.

EUROPE.

GREAT BRITAIN.

IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT.

The session of Parliament was interruption, and to depredations, opened Jan. 29th 1828 by commis. too often aggravated by acts of sioners, appointed by his majesty, violence and atrocity. who delivered the following speech: His majesty has felt the deepest

My Lords and Gentlemen, anxiety to terminate the calamities We are commanded by his ma. and avert the dangers, inseparable jesty to acquaint you, that his ma- from hostilities which constitute the jesty continues to receive from all only exception to the general tran. foreign princes and states, assu. quillity of Europe. rances of their desire to maintain Having been earnestly entreated the relations of amity with this by the Greeks to interpose his country, and that the great powers good offices, with a view to effect of Europe participate in the earnest a reconciliation between them and wish of his majesty to cultivate a the Ottoman Porte, his majesty good understanding upon all points concerted measures for that pur. which may conduce to the preser. pose, in the first instance, with the vation of peace.

Emperor of Russia, and subse. His majesty has viewed for some quently with his imperial majesty time past, with great concern, the and the king of France. state of affairs in the east of Eu. His majesty has given directions rope.

that there should be laid before For several years a contest has you copies of a protocol, signed at been carried on, between the Ot. St. Petersburg by the plenipoten. toman Porte, and the inhabitants tiaries of his majesty, and of his of the Greek provinces and islands, imperial majesty the emperor of which have been marked on each Russia, on the 4th of April, 1826, side by excesses revolting to hu. and of the treaty entered into be. manity.

tween his majesty and the courts In the progress of that contest, of the Thuilleries, and of St. Pethe rights of neutral states, and the tersburg, on the 6th of July, 1827. laws which regulate the intercourse In the course of the measures of civilized nations, have been re. adopted with a view to carry into peatedly violated, and the peace. effect the object of the treaty, ful commerce of his majesty's sub. a collision, wholly unexpected by jects has been exposed to frequent his majesty, took place in the port

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