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of Navarin, between the fleets of peror of Brazil, and with the Unia the contracting powers, and that of ted States of Mexico. Copies of the Ottoman Porte.
which will, by his majesty's com. Notwithstanding the valour dis. mand, be laid before you. played by the combined fleet, his Gentlemen of the House of majesiy deeply laments that this
Commons, conflict should have occurred with His majesty has ordered the the naval force of an ancient ally; estimates for the current year to be but be still entertains a confident laid before you. They have been hope, that this untoward event will prepared with every regard to eco. noi be followed by further hostili. nomy consistent with the exigency ties, and will not impede that ami. of the public service. We are comcable adjustment of the existing manded by his majesty to recomdifferences between the Porte and mend to your early attention, an the Greeks, to which it is so mani. inquiry into a state of the revenue festly their common interest to ac. and expenditure of the country. cede.
His majesty is assured that it In maintaining the national faith, will be satisfactory to you to learn by adhering to the engagements that notwithstanding the diminu. into which his majesty has entered, tion which has taken place in somo his majesty will never lose sight branches of the revenue, the total of the great objects to which all amount of receipt during the last his efforts have been directed, year has not disappointed the exthe termination of the contest be. pectations which were entertained tween the hostile partics,-the at the commencement of it. permanent settlement of their fu. My Lords and Gentlemen, ture relations to each other, and His majesty has commanded us the maintenance of the repose of to inform you, that a considerable Europe, upon the basis on which increase has taken place in the exit has rested since the last general port of the principal articles of Bri. treaty of peace.
tish manufacture. His majesty has the greatest sa. This improvement of our fo. tisfaction in informing you that the reign trade has led to a more gene. purposes for which his majesty, ral employment of the population, upon the requisition of the court of and affords a satisfactory indication Lisbon, detached a military force of the continued abatement of those to Portugal, have been accom. commercial difficulties which replished. The obligations of good cently affected so severely the na. faith have been fulfilled, and the tional industry. safety and independence of Portu. His majesty commands us to gal secured, his majesty has given assure you, that he places the firm. orders that the forces now in that est reliance upon your continued country should be immediately endeavours to improve the condi. withdrawn.
tion of all classes of his subjects, We are commanded by his ma. and to advance the great object of jesty to acquaint you, that his ma. his majesty's solicitude--the pros. jesty has concluded treaties of perity and happiness of his peo. amity and commerce with the em. ple.
KING'S SPEECH TO PARLIAMENT, and to effect, in concert with the al. 1829.
lies, the pacification of Greece. On the 5th of February, 1829, par. “ The Morea has been liberated liament was opened by his majesty's from the presence of the Egyptian commissioners, the duke of Welling. and Turkish forces. ton, earl of Shaftsbury, earl Ba. “This important object has been thurst and lord Ellenborough, the accomplished by the successful lord chancellor read the following exertions of the naval forces of his speech :
majesty, and of his allies, which led “My Lords and Gentlemen, to a convention with the pacha of
“His majesty commands us to in Egypt; and finally, by the skilful form you that he continues to re- disposition and exemplary conduct ceive from his allies, and generally of the French army, acting by from all princes and states, the as. the command of his most Chris. surance of their unabated desire to tian majesty on the behalf of the cultivate the most friendly relations alliance. with his majesty.
“The troops of his most Christian “Under the mediation of his ma- majesty having completed the task jesty, the preliminaries of a treaty assigned to them by the allies, have of peace between his imperial ma. commenced their return to France, jesty the emperor of Brazil, and the “It is with great satisfaction that republic of the United Provinces of his majesty informs you, that during Rio de la Plata, have been signed the whole of these operations, the and ratified.
most cordial union has subsisted “His majesty has concluded a con. between the forces of the three powe vention with the king of Spain, for res by sea and land. the final settlement of the claims of “ His majesty deplores the con. British and Spanish subjects prefer. tinuance of hostilities between the red under the treaty signed at Mad. emperor of Russia, and the Ottoman rid on the 12th March, 1823. porte.
“His Majesty has directed a copy “His imperial majesty, in the of this convention to be laid before proscecution of those hostilities, has you, and his majesty relies upon considered it necessary to resume your assistance to enable him to the exercise of his belligerent rights execute some of its provisions in the Mediterranean, and has es.
“His majesty laments that his tablished a blockade of the Dar. diplomatic relations with Portugal danelles. are still necessarily suspended. “ From the operation of this bloc.
“Deeply interested in the pros. kade, those commercial enterprises perity of the Portuguese monarchy, of his majesty's subjects have been his majesty has entered into nego. exempted, which were undertaken tiations with the head of the house upon the faith of his majesty's de. of Braganza, in the hope of termi. claration to his parliament respect. nating a state of affairs which is ing the neutrality of the Mediter. incompatible with the permanent ranean sea. tranquillity and welfare of Portugal. “ Although it has become indis.
“ His majesty commands us to pensable for his majesty and the assure you that he has laboured un. king of France to suspend the co. remittingly to fulfil the stipulations operation of their forces with those of the treaty of the 6th July, 1827, of his imperial majesty, in conse.
quence of this resumption of the his majesty to maintain his just exercise of his belligerent rights, the authority. best understanding prevails between “His majesty recommends, that the three powers in their endeavours when this essential object shall to accomplish the remaining objects have been accomplished, you should of the treaty of London.
take into your deliberate considera. “Gentlemen of the House of Commons, tion the whole condition of Ireland;
“We are commanded by his ma. and that you should review the laws jesty to acquaint you, that the es. which impose civil disabilities on timates for the current year will his majesty's Roman Catholic sub. forth with be laid before you. jects.
“ His majesty relies on your “You will consider whether the readiness to grant the necessary removal of those disabilities can be supplies, with a just regard to the effected consistently with the full exigencies of the public service, and permanent security of our es. and to the economy which his ma. tablishments in church and state, jesty is anxious to enforce in every with the maintenance of the reformdepartment of the state.
ed religion established by law, and “ His majesty has the satisfaction of the rights and privileges of the to announce to you the conti. bishops and of the clergy of this nued improvement of the revenue realm, and of the churches commit. The progressive increase in that ted to their charge. branch of it which is derived from "These are institutions which articles of internal consumption is must ever be held sacred in this peculiarly gratifying to his majesty, protestant kingdom, and which it is as affording a decisive indication of the duty and the determination of the stability of the national re. his majesty to preserve inviolate. sources, and of the increased com. “His majesty most earnestly re. fort and prosperity of his people. commends to you to enter upon the
" My Lords and Gentlemen, consideration of a sbject of such
16 The state of Ireland has been paramount importance, deeply in. the object of his majesty's continued teresting to the best feelings of his solicitude.
people,land involving the tranquillity “ His majesty laments that, in and concord of the United Kingdom, that part of the United Kingdom, with the temper and the moderation an association should still exist which will best insure the successful which is dangerous to the public issue of your deliberations." peace, and inconsistent with the spirit of the constitution ; which PROROGATION OF PARLIAMENT, . keeps alive discord and ill-will
JUNE 24th, 1829. amongst his majesty's subjects; and Lord Commissioners—The Lord which must, if permitted to continue, Chancellor, the Duke of Welling. effectually obstruct every effort ton, the Marquis of Winchester, permanently to improve the condi. Earl of Rosslyn, and Lord Ellention of Ireland.
borough. “His majesty confidently relies The Speech was delivered by the Lord on the wisdom and on the support
Chancellor :- . of his parliament, and his majesty " My Lords and Gentlemen, feels assured that you will commit “We are commanded by his o him such powers as may enable majesty, in releasing you from
your attendance in parliament, to “ It is with increased regret that express to you his majesty's his majesty again adverts to the acknowledgments for the real and condition of the Portuguese mo. assiduity with which you have ap. narchy. But his majesty commands plied yourselves to the despatch of us to repeat his determination to public business, and especially to use every effort to reconcile con. the consideration of those im. flicting interests, and to remove the portant matters which his majesty evils which press so heavily upon recommended to your attention at a country, the prosperity of which the opening of the session.
must ever be an object of his “ His majesty directs us to inform majesty's solicitude. you, that he continues to receive “Gentlemen of the House of Comfrom his allies, and from all foreign mons, powers, assurances of their earnest “His majesty commands us to desire to cultivate the relations of thank you for the supplies which peace, and maintain the most you have granted for the service of friendly understanding with his ma. the year, and to assure you of his jesty.
majesty's determination to apply “His majesty laments that he them with every attention to econo. has not to announce to you the my. termination of the war in the east “ My Lords and Gentlemen, of Europe ; but his majesty com. “His majesty has commanded us, mands us to assure you that he will in conclusion, to express the sincere continue to use his utmost endea. hope of his majesty, that the im. vours to prevent the extention of portant measures which have been hostilities, and to promote the re. adopted by parliament in the course storation of peace.
of the present session, may tend, “ It is with satisfaction his ma. under the blessing of Divine Provi. jesty informs you, that he has been dence, to establish the tranquillity enabled to renew his diplomatic and improve the condition of Irerelations with the Ottoman Porte. land; and that, by strengthening
“ The ambassadors of his majesty, the bonds of union between the and of the king of France, are on several parts of this great empire, their return to Constantinople ; and they may consolidate and augment the emperor of Russia, having been its power, and promote the happi. pleased to authorize the plenipoten- ness of his people.” tiaries of his allies to act on behalf of his imperial majesty, the nego. tiations for the final pacification of
Convention between his Majesty and Greece will be carried on in the
her royal highness the Infanta name of the three contracting par
Regent of Portugal, for providing ties to the treaty of London.
for the maintenance of a corps of “ The army of his most christian
British troops, sent to Portugal majesty has been withdrawn from
Dec. 1826; signed at Brighthelmthe Morea, with the exception of a
ston, Jan. 19, 1828. small force destined, for a time, to In the name of the most holy assist in the establishment of order and undivided Trinity, &c. in a country which has so long been H er royal highness the infanta the scene of confusion and anarchy. regent of Portugal having, in cons sequence of aggressions committed cattle of the British auxiliary aragainst the Portuguese territory, my, according to the regulations of claimed the fulfilment, by his ma. the British service. jesty the king of the united 2. The provisions and forage kingdom of Great Britain and above specified are to be delivered Ireland, of the ancient treaties of to the British commissariat, at a alliance and friendship which sub. distance not greater than six Por. sist between the two crowns; tuguese leagues from the head. and his Britannic majesty having quarters of each British detach. thereupon resolved to send, and ment to which they are supplied, having actually sent, a body of unless in cases where a different troops to Portugal, the two high arrangement shall be made, with contracting parties think it neces. the consent of the British commis. sary to agree upon certain arrange. sariat. ments for the maintenance of the 3. In order to obviate the diffi. said troops during their stay in culties which an immediate dis. Portugal, and have named as their bursement of funds for the purplenipotentiaries for that purpose, chase of the aforesaid provisions viz.,:
and forage might occasion, under His majesty the king of the the present circumstances, to the united kingdom of Great Britain government of Portugal, it is and Ireland, the right hon. George agreed that the British commis. Canning, &c.—And her royal sary-general shall, for the present, highness the infanta regent of provide those supplies for the Bri. Portugal, the most illustrious and tish army, charging the cost theremost excellent lord, Don Pedro de of to the account of the Portuguese Souza e Holstein, marquis of Pal. government. mella, &c.
As, however, cases may arise, in Who, after having communicated which it may be more convenient to each other their respective full to receive such supplies from Por. powers, found to be in due and tuguese magazines, for the pur. proper form, have agreed upon pose of avoiding competition in the and concluded the following ar. markets, the British commissary. ticles :
general shall, in the execution of Art. 1. Her royal highness the this agreement, concert his pro. infanta regent of Portugal, anxious ceedings, from time to time, with that the body of troops which has a person appointed for that end by been so promptly sent to her royal the government of Portugal. highness's aid by his Britannic ma. 4. The accounts of the British jesty should be treated with the commissariat being approved and hospitality becoming the relations signed by the commander of the of the two allied nations, engages auxiliary army, shall be delivered to provide the necessary barracks every three months to the Portu. and quarters, and buildings for hos. guese government, which, having pitals, and for stores and maga verified the same, shall either pay zines, and the necessary rations of the amount thereof forthwith to provisions and forage, for the offi. the British commissary-general, or cers, non-commissioned officers, carry it over to the credit of the and soldiers, and for the horses and British government, as shall be