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which their ancestors enjoyed; but ner as the Sublime Porte has always it is precisely this great degree of extended its conquests,-namely, favour, this height of comfort and by separating its faithful subjects tranquillity, that has been the from the refractory and malevo. cause of the revolt, excited by ma. lent, and by terminating the exist. lignant men, incapable of appre- ing troubles by its own resources, ciating the value of such marks of without giving occasion to discus. benevolence. Yielding to the de. sions with the powers who are its lusions of a heated imagination, friends, or to any demands on their they have dared to raise the stan. part. dard of revolt, not only against their All the efforts of the Sublime benefactor and legitimate sove. Porte have but one object, which reign, but also against all the mus. is the desire of the establishment sulman people, by committing the of general tranquillity, while fo. most horrible excesses, sacrificing reign interference can only tend to to their vengeance defenceless wo. a prolongation of the rebellion. The men and innocent children with firm and constant intention of the unexampled atrocity.

Sublime Porte to attend to its prin. As each power has its own par cipal interests which spring from ticular penal code and political or. its sacred law, merits their appro. dinances, the tenor whereof forms bation and respect, while any fo. the basis for its acts of sovereign. reign interference must be liable ty, so the Sublime Porte, in every to blame and animadversion. Now, thing relating to the exercise of its it is clear and evident, that by ad. sovereignty, rests exclusively upon hering to this principle, every its holy legislation, according to thing might have been terminated which, the rebels fall to be treated. long since, but for the ill-founded But in inflicting necessary punish. propositions which have been ad. ment on some with the sole view vanced concerning the conformity of amending them, the Porte has of religion, and the fatal influence never refused to pardon those who which this state of things has, per. implore its mercy, and to replace haps, exercised throughout the them as before, under the ægis of whole of Europe, and the injury to its protection. In the same man. which maritime commerce may ner, the Sublime Porte, always re.' have been exposed. At the same solved to conform to the ordinances time, the hopes of the malevolent of its sacred law, notwithstanding have been constantly encouraged the attention devoted to its domes. by the improper conduct of giving tic affairs, has never neglected to them assistance of every kind, cultivate the relations of good un- which at any time ought to have derstanding with friendly powers. been reproved, conformably to the The Sublime Porte has always been law of nations. It is besides to be ready to comply with whatever observed, that the relations and treaties and the duties of friendship treaties subsisting between the prescribe. Its most sincere pray. 'Sublime Porte and the powers in ers are offered up for that peace friendship with it, have been en. and general tranquillity which, tered into with the monarchs and with the aid of the Most High, will ministers of those powers only; he re-established in the same man and considering the obligation of every independent power to go. fered effective assistance in puna vern its subjects itself, the Sublime ishing the rebels. As, however, Porte has not failed to address to this offer related to an affair which some friendly courts complaints came exclusively within the resort respecting the succours afforded to of the Sublime Porte, in pursuance the insurgents. The only answer of important considerations, both made to these representations has with regard to the present and fubeen, to give to machinations tend. ture, the Porte confined itself io re. ing to subvert laws and treaties, the plying, that though such an offer signification of liberty; and to in. had for its object to give aid to the terp et proceedings contrary to ex. Ottoman government, it would isting engagements by the expres. never permit foreign interference. sion of neutrality, alleging the in. What is more, when the ambassa. sufficiency of means for restrain. dor of a friendly power, at the peing the people.

riod of his journey to the congress Setting aside the want of reci. of Verona, entered into explana. procal security, which must finally tions in conferences with the Otto. result from such a state of things man minister on the proposed me. to the subjects of the respective diation, the Sublime Porte declared, powers, the Sublime Porte cannot in the most unequivocal manner, allow such transactions to pass that such a proposition could not silently. Accordingly, the Porte be listened to; reiterating, every has never omitted to reply to the time that the subject was resumed, different pretensions advanced, by the assurance that political, naappealing to the justice and the tional, and religious considerations, equity of the powers who are its rendered such refusal indispensable. friends, by often reiterating com. In yielding to this reasoning, and plaints respecting the assistance in admitting more than once that afforded to the insurgents, and by right was on the side of the Porte, giving the necessary answers in the before mentioned ambassador, the course of communications with on his return from Verona to Con. its friends. In fine, a mediation stantinople, again clearly and offi. has at last been proposed. The cially declared in several confe. fact, however, is, that an answer rences, by order of his court, and restricted to one single object can in the name of the other powers, neither be changed by the process that the Greek question was recog. of time, nor by the innovation of nised as belonging to the internal expressions. The reply which the affairs of the Sublime Porte ; that Sublime Porte gave at the beginning as such it ought to be brought will always be the same-namely, to a termination exclusively by the that which it has reiterated in the Porte itself; that no other power face of the whole world, and which was to interfere in the sequel; and is in the last result its sentiment that if ever any one were to interon the position of affairs.

fere, all the others would act ac. Those who are informed of the 'cording to the principles of the law circumstances, and the details of of nations. events, are not ignorant that at the The agents of one of the great commencement of the insurrection, powers which has recently conso. some ministers of friendly courts, lidated its relations of friendship resident at the Sublime Porte, of. and good understanding with the Sublime Porte, also officially and, Moreover, the troubles and the explicitly declared, in their con revolt exist only in one single coupferences with the Ottoman agents, try of the Ottoman empire, and that there should be no interference among the partisans of malevo. on this subject. That declaration lence ; for, thanks be to God, the having served as the basis for the other provinces of this vast empire result of those conferences, there have no way suffered, and with cannot now be any question re. all their inhabitants enjoy the most specting this affair, which the Sub. perfect repose. It is not easy, lime Porte is entitled to consider as therefore, to understand how these completely and radically adjusted. troubles are to be communicated to Nevertheless, the Porte still con. other European countries. Sup. siders itself authorized here to add pose, however, that this were the the following observations in sup. case, as each power is paramount port of its antecedent assertions: within itself, it ought to know such

The measures which the Sublime of its subjects on its own territory Porte has adopted from the com as manifest seditious dispositions, mencement, and which it still pur. and it ought to punish them accord. sues against the Greek insurgents, ing to its own laws, and in pursu. ought not to make the war be con. ance of the duties inherent in its sidered a war of religion. Those own sovereignty. It may be supermeasures do not extend to all the fluous to add, that the Sublime people in general; for they have Porte will never interfere in such for their sole object to repress the transactions. revolt, and to punish those subjects Considering the points above set of the Porte, who, acting as true forth with reference to justice and chiefs of brigands, have committed equity, every one must be easily atrocities equally serious and re. convinced that there remains no prehensible. The Sublime Porte ground for discussion upon these never has refused pardon to those affairs. However, though it is fit who submit. The gates of cle. that all ulterior interference should mency and mercy have always cease, an offer of a mediation has been open. This the Sublime Porte been in the last result made. has proved by facts, and still Now, in political language, it proves it, by granting protection to is understood by this expression, those who relurn to their duty. that if there arise differences on

The real cause of the continu. hostilities between two independent ance of this revolt is to be found in powers, a reconciliation may be the different propositions made to brought about by the interference the Sublime Porte. The injury of a third friendly power. It is arising from the war, too, has only the same with respect to armistices been felt by the Porte ; for it is and treaties of peace, which can. known to all the world that Euro. not be concluded but between repean navigation has never been in cognised powers. But the Sub. terrupted by this state of things, lime Porte being engaged in pun. which, far from prejudicing Euro ishing, on its own territory, and in pean merchants, has afforded them conformity with its sacred law, considerable advantages.

such of its turbulent subjects as have revolted, how can this case duties imposed by the treaties con. ever be made applicable to its situ. cluded with the friendly powers ation ; and must not the Ottoman who now render this categorical government attribute to those who reply necessary, the Sublime Porte advance such propositions, views hereby declares, for the last time, tending to give consequence to a that every thing which has been troop of brigands? A Greek go. stated above entirely accords with vernment is spoken of, which is to the sovereign intentions of his high. be recognised in case the Sublime ness, of his ministers, and of all the Porte does not consent to some ar. mussulman people. rangement; and it has even been In the hope that this faithful ex. proposed to conclude a treaty with position will suffice to convince its the rebels. Has not the Sublime equitable friends of the justice of Porte great reason to be struck its cause, the Sublime Porte em. with astonishment at hearing such braces this opportunity for reitera. language from friendly powers, for ting the assurance of its high con. history presents no example of a sideration. conduct in all respects so opposed Health and peace to him who to the principles and duties of go. followeth the path of rectitude. vernments ?

The Sublime Porte, therefore, Note presented on the 16th of August can never listen to such proposi. by the Ambassadors of the three tions to such propositions to Allied Powers to the Reis Efendi, which it will neither hear nor un announcing the treaty of London. derstand, so long as the country inhabited by the Greeks, forms

To his Excelloncy the Reis Effendi. part of the Ottoman dominions, and The undersigned are charged they are tributary subjects of the by their respective governments to Porte, which never will renounce make to his Excellency the Reis its rights. If, with the aid of the Effendi the following declaration : Almighty, the Sublime Porte re. During six years, the great sume full possession of that coun. powers of Europe have been entry, it will then always act as well gaged in endeavours to induce the for the present as for the future, in Sublime Porie to enter into a paci. comformity with the ordinances fication with Greece ; but these which its holy law prescribes with endeavours have been constantly respect to its subjects.

unavailing, and thus a war of exter, The Sublime Porte, then, finding mination has been prolonged be. that in respect to this affair, it is tween it and the Greeks, the results impossible for it to listen to any of which have been, on the one thing except to the precepts of its hand, calamities, the contemplation religion and the code of its legisla. of which is dreadful for humanity ; tion, considers itself justified in de and on the other hand, severe and claring, that from religious, politi. intolerable losses to the commerce cal, administrative, and national of all nations, while at the samo considerations, it cannot give the time it has not been possible to admit slightest countenance to the propo. that the fate of Greece has been at sitions which have been framed all within the control of the Otto, and finally brought forward. Al. man power. ways prepared to comply with the The European Powers have


consequently redoubled the zeal and it is their duty not to conceal from renewed the instances which they the Reis Effendi, that a new refusal, before made, to determine the Porte, an evasive or insufficient answer, with the aid of their mediation, to even a total silence on the part of put an end to a struggle that it was his government, will place the essential to its own interests should Allied Courts under the necessity be no longer kept ap. The Europe. of recurring to such measures as an powers have the more flattered they shall judge most efficacious themselves in the hope of arriving for puting an end to a state of at so happy a conclusion, as the things, which is become incompaGreeks themselves have in the in. tible even with the true interests of terval shown a desire to avail them the Sublime Porte, with the security selves of their mediation ; but the of commerce in general, and with Sublime Porte has hitherto refused the perfect tranquillity of Europe. to listen to counsels dictated by (Signed) C. GUILLEMINOT. sentiments of benevolence and

S. CANNING. friendship. In this state of affairs, the courts of France, England, and Aug. 16, 1827. Russia, have considered it their [For treaty of London, vide Am. duty to define, by a special treaty, Ann. Reg. for 1826–7, page 228.) the line of conduct they are resolved to observe, in order to arrive at the Note of the Sultan to his Viziers, object towards which the wishes Pashas of three tails, on commu. and interests of all the Christian nicating to them the note of the powers tend.

allied Ambassadors, announcing In execution of one of the clau. the Treaty of London. ses of the treaty, the undersignad Though from the beginning of have been charged to declare to the the rebellion of the infidels, our government of the Sublime Porte, Greek subjects, the European pow. that they now in a formal manner ers not only have declared their offer their mediation between it and neutrality, but appeared even de. the Greeks, to put an end to the war, sirous to see the rebels and insur. and to regulate by a friendly nego. gents punished, it must be too surtiation the relations which are to prising to reason, that after the exist between them in future.

lapse of some space of time, they That further, and to the end that begin to proceed differently ; that the succes of this mediation may be is, in the opposite direction. facilitated, they propose to the go. But of all the other powers, En. vernment of the Sublime Porte an gland administered to the rebels, armistice for suspending all acts of in various modes and circumhostility against the Greeks, to stances, mediately and immediate. whom a similar proposition is this ly, different aids for their support moment addressed. Finally, they in the cause of rebellion, without expect that at the end of 15 days ever consenting to listen to the the Divan will clearly make known most just and reasonable com. its determination.

plaints of my Sublime Porte, ad. The undersigned flatter them. vanced solemnly at various times. selves that it will be conformable to Besides this, it wished formerly the wish of the Allied Courts ; but to interpose its mediation in favour

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