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to the immense sacrifices of this under the safeguard of conventions, country that the peninsula has more which demonstrate the moderate than once owed its salvation ; and and pacific views of the Greek should the government arbitrarily government, and which deserve the assume to itself this right, would it confidence which they inspire in the have the means of effecting this Mussulmans themselves. The let.
separation without exposing to new ters which the commandant of the · calamities people who are just be. castle of Romelia and the pacha of
ginning to regain their habitations, Lepanto addressed to us at the time and to hope for that repose which of the evacuation of these garrisons, the Morea enjoys from the pro. furnish an irrefragable proof of tection and services of the allied this fact. powers ? It is not in their power, ei. “In this state of things, it is not ther by persuasion or force, to ob- impossible that the feeble garrison tain such a result.
of Athens, and of the two or three « The inhabitants of the pro- other places included in the de. vinces would answer them, that the marcation laid down in the protocol third article of the treaty of the of the 22d of March, may follow 6th of July, and the clause of the the example of the “garrisons of demarcation contained in the pro. western Greece. tocol of the 22d March, encourage " By such results the Greek them to hope that the justice and government would have contributed, magnanimity of the august allies as far as its feeble means allow, will not abandon them, and that it to the success of the negotiations would be an abandonment without with which, in the names of the redemption to constrain them to three courts, the plenipotentiaries quit the defensible positions they now of England and France, who are occupy.
going to Constantinople, have been “They will answer in short, that intrusted. the experience of their long calami. “Independently of these observa. ties obliges them to be unshaken in tions, there are others which it is the the resolution never to quit their duty of the Greek government to native soil, or the ruins which they submit to the consideration of the defend with arms in their hands, allied courts on the different articles except under the influence of supe. of the protocol of the 22d of March, rior force. In the number of the and especially on those which relate positions which they have occupied to the indemnity of the sovereignty. latterly, are Vonizza, Lepanto, “Feeling it right to lose no time Missolonghi, and Anatolico. The in transmitting to Mr. Dawkins the Mussulmans who composed the gar- present note, it reserves to itself to risons of these places, being com. make at a future time some observapletely left to themselves by their tions on the points above menioned. government, and deprived of ex. The Greek government entreats ternal resources by the blockade of Mr. Dawkins to communicate this their coasts, have themselves, de. answer to his court, and in our own manded to return to their own capacity we offer to him the asa country. This retreat, far from surance of our distinguished congiving occasion to bloodshed and sideration. other miseries, has been effected “Egina, 11 (23) May, 1829."
Protocol of the conference held in bourhood of the Morea,that of Eubea
London at the office of foreign or Negropont, and the isles known affairs, on the 22d of March, 1829. under the name of Cyclades, will
also belong to that state. Present, the plenipotentiaries of Tribute.-It will be proposed to Great Britain, France, and Russia. the Porte, in the name of the three
Immediately after their arrival courts, that Greece do pay her an. the plenipotentiaries of France and nual tribute of 1,500,000 Turkish England will open with the govern. piastres. The rate of the Turkish ment of the Ottoman Porte, and in piastre shall be settled at once, that the name of the three allied courts, it may never be taken for the high a negotiation founded on the treaty Spanish piastre. of the 6th of July, 1827, respecting In consequence of the present the pacification and future organi. poverty of Greece, it will be agreed zation of Greece. It is well under. that, from the moment when the pay. stood that each of the three courts ment of the tribute shall commence, reserves for itself the right of weigh, the first year, there shall not be ing the value of the objections paid more than one third, or less which the Porte may make to the thanone fifth ofthis sum of 1,500,000 propositions addressed to it in fulfil. Turkish piastres, and that this pro. ment of the present protocol ; and position shall be raised from year that, should those objections induce to year until the fourth, when the the courts to present other proposi. maximum of 1,500,000 shall be paid. tions, they would yet endeavour to At the expiration of these four years come to a determination on the Greece shall pay the whole tribute question of fixing, as promptly as annually, without any diminution or possible, the limits of the continent augmentation. and the isles of Greece.
Indemnity.--It will be proposed It will be proposed to the Porte to the Porte that the indemnity men. that the frontiers of continental tioned in the second article of the Greece should extend to the mouth treaty of July 6th, be determined of the gulph of Volo, along the re. and settled in the following manner. verse of Othy mountains, up to the 1st. The Mussulman (private in. western point of Agrapha, where dividuals) proprietors of estates on those mountains form their junction the newly constituted Greek terri. with the chain of Pindus. From tory. that point the frontier will edge the 2dly. The Mussulman (private invalley of Aspro-Potamos as far as dividuals) who, in the capacity of Leontelos, which remains part of tenants or hereditary administrac. the Turkish territory. It will then tors, have an interest in the Vacuf. pass through the chain of the Macri. Sady, of mosques on lands formerly noros mountains, and the river which Turkish, deduction being made of bears that name, and which, coming the amount of the impost levied on from the plain of Arta, throws itself that Vacuf. into the sea through the Ambracian Both these classes of Mussulmen, gulf.
whose claims shall have been recogAll the countries south of this line nised as valid, shall be bound to pro. will form part of the new state of ceed themselves to the sale of their Greece. The islands in the neigh. property, within the space of a year,
with a proper reserve for the amounted to a Christian chiet' or prince, of the debts secured upon those whose authority shall be hereditary estates. If within that time sales in the order of primogeniture. cannot be effected, commissaries In no case shall the choice of this shall be appointed to estiinate the chief fall on the family of any of value of the unsold lands; and when the three courts parties to the treaty once that value shall have been as. of 6th of July. It shall be agreed certained and fixed, the Greek go. in common between them and the vernment shall give to the proprie. Ottoman Porte. tors or heirs, whose claims and To secure to the Porte the stabi. rights shall have been established, lity of the tribute allowed her by bills upon the state, payable at pe the present treaty, every chief shall riods agreed upon.
receive the investiture of his dignity The verifications of the titles and from her, and at his accession shall debts, and the appraisement of the pay her the additional tribute of a estates to be sold, shall be made by a year. Should the reigning branch commission composed in equal num• be extinguished, the Porte shall take bers of Mussulmans and Greeks. the same part in the nominations of It will be authorized to do justice a new chief as she did in that of the to every claim, and to pronounce first. upon every case submitted for its Amnesty and right of departure. consideration, and on the losses -The Ottoman Porte will proclaim experienced by the claimants during full and entire amnesty, in order the revolution.
that in future no Greek may be In order to prevent all difficulties called to account, in the whole extent and differences which might arise of her empire, for having taken part between the commissioners of the in the Greek insurrection. On its two nations, with respect to the above side the Greek government shall mentioned operations, to abridge grant the same security, within the and facilitate liquidation, and to limits of its territory, to every Greek arrive at a prompt and universally or Mussulman of the contrary side. convenient settlement, a court of The Porte will allow a whole vear appeal shall be formed, and a tribu. to any of his subjects who may wish nal of revision, composed of commis, to leave her empire to settle in sioners from the three allied courts, Greece, for the purpose of selling who shall decide in the cases in their property. They shall be per. which the Greek and Mussulman mitted to depart freely. Greece commissioners shall not be able to will insure the same facility and agree.
" the same period for the sale of their Suzerainete.-Greece, under the property to the Greeks, who will suzerainete of the Ottoman Porte, preter returning under Mussulman shall possess that internal adminis. domination. tration best suited to her wants, and The commercial relations be. best calculated to secure to her li. tween Turkey and Greece shall be berty of conscience, of worship, and settled as soon as the articles spe. trade, and the enjoyment of property cified in the present protocol shall and peace. For this purpose the have been reciprocally adopted. administration of Greece shall as. The ambassadors of France and sume, as nearly as possible, a mo- England shall claim from the Otto. narchical form, and shall be intrust. man Porte the continuance of the
truee which the Reis Effendi stated as in the name of France and Engexisted de facto on the part of the land ; that all the articles shall be Turks towards the Greeks, in his debated and agreed to in common address to the representatives of the by the three courts, and that under allied powers in the Archipelago, no pretence whatever shall any thing dated the 10th of Sept. 1828. be acceded to which might tend to
At the same time the three allied exclude Russia from the negotiation courts having decided upon the step or its results. which they take in opening fresh The ambassadors of France and negotiations at Constantinople, with England shall employ every means the sole view of settling the fate of in their power to attain, in the the Greeks, shall claim from the shortest period possible, the acces. provisional government of Greece sion of the Porte to the propositions the cessation of hostilities on every which they are authorized to make point, and the return of the Greek to her. They will require from troops within the line of the limits the Ottoman government a prompt described in the foregoing proposi. and decisive answer. tion, without, however, any detri. The official documents, to which ment to the future boundaries of the present negotiation may give Greece.
rise, shall be drawn up in common As soon as the preceding disposi. by the two ambassadors in the name tions shall have been agreed to by of the three powers ; a triple copy the Porte, their execution shall be shall be signed, and one shall be placed, conformably with the sixth forwarded to each of the contracting article of the treaty of the 6th of parties. July, under the guaranty of the The basis of the present protocol three powers by whom the treaty shall serve as instructions for the was signed, and the rest will become two ambassadors in their negotia. the object of ampler stipulations tions which they are to open with between the three allied courts, as the Porte. declared in the pre-recited article. The plenipotentiary of his ma.
Let it be understood that from jesty the emperor of Russia has the present instant the guaranty of formally declared, on the part of his the Greek state now about to be sovereign, that he has been authori. formed is insured by the three zed to negotiate with the Turkish go. powers against all hostile enterprise vernment on all the points making on the part of Turkey against the part of the present protocol, and the Greeks.
plenipotentiaries of England and The ambassadors of France and France have announced that in order England shall reject all dispositions to attain the end in view, the repres which might militate against this sentatives of their courts at the Ot. fixed basis.
toman Porte considered themselves Although Russia, while adhering authorized to negociate, without any to these dispositions, be not repre- other formalities, in the name of sented at Constantinople by any in. his majesty the emperor of Russia, dividual invested with special pow, as in the names of their respective ers, it is understood that the negotia. sovereigns, and will for that purpose von will be carried on in her name immediately repair to Constantino. ple, to act in a collective name and highness the emperor and padishan in concert. (Signed)-ABERDEEN, of the Ottomans a pledge of the
POLIGNAC, sincerity of his friendly disposition,
restores to the Sublime Porte the
the boundaries which it had before TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN RUS. the commencement of the war to SIA AND TURKEY
which this present treaty has put In the name of God Almighty!- an end. His imperial majesty, the most high His imperial majesty also restores and most mighty emperor and the principality of Wallachia, the autocrat of all the Russias, and Banat of Crayova, Bulgaria, and his highness the most high and the country of Dobridge, from the most mighty emperor of the Otto. Danube as far as the sea, together mans, animated with an equal de with Silistria, Hirsova, Matzia, sire to put an end to the calamities Isakiya, Toulza, Babadag, Bazard. of war, and to establish, on a solid jik; Varna, Pravedy, and the other and immutable basis, peace, friend. towns, burghs, and villages, which ship, and good harmony between it contains, the whole extent of the their empires, have resolved, with Balkan, from Emine Bouroun as a common accord, to intrust this far as Kazan, and all the country salutary work to, &c. [Here follow from the Balkans as far as the sea, the names and titles of the different with Siliminea, Jomboli, Aidos, plenipotentiaries on both sides.] Karnabat, Missanovica, Akhioly,
ARTICLE 1.--All enmity and all Bourgas, Sizopolis, Kirkkilissi, the differences which have subsisted city of Adrianople, Lule Bourgas, hitherto between the two empires and all the towns, burghs, and shall cease froin this day, as well villages, and in general all places on land as on sea, and there shall which the Russian troops have be in perpetuity peace, friendship, occupied in Roumelia. and good intelligence, between his ARTICLE II. The Pruth shall majesty the emperor and padishah continue to form the limit of the of all the Russias, and his highness two empires, from the point where the padishah of the Ottomans, their the river touches the territory of heirs and successors to the throne, Moldavia to its junction with the as well as between their respective Danube ; from that spot the fron. empires. The two high contracting tier line will follow the course parties will devote their particular of the Danube as far as the mouth attention to prevent all that might of St. George's, so that, leaving all cause misunderstandings to revive the islands formed by the different between their respective subjects. arms of that river, in possession of They will scrupulously fulfil all the Russia, the right bank shall reconditions of the present treaty of main, as formerly, in the possession peace, and will watch, at the same of the Ottoman Porte. Neverthe. timo, lest it should be infringed in less, it is agreed that this right any manner, directly or indirectly. bank shall remain uninhabited
ARTICLE 11.--Ilis majesty the from the point where the arm of emperor and padishah of all the the St. George separates itself Russias, wishing to give to his from that of Souline, to a distance