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of the treaty of London, you must citizens, but to the valiant men who invest the government with full and shed their blood in defence of their necessary powers. You may hence. country. You should, in particu. forward be employed to this end, lar, afford relief and consolation, on since you are fully instructed, and the one hand, to the cities which have before you documents which are now unhappily reduced to ruins, can leave no doubt on your minds, and, on the other, to the honorespecting the plan of pacification, rable, though deplorable condition which was adopted in the confe of the husbandmen. rences held at London.
In order to resolve all these proI cannot too frequently repeat blems with real advantage, as well this advice to you, thetruth of which as others which will hereafter pre. your own hearts will tell you, name. sent themselves, we must have ly, let all your endeavours-all your time; or, I should rather say, we thoughts, be directed to the promo. must have information, which can tion of the Greek interests, never come only from abroad, and which doubting the justice of the allied we do not now possess, in addition sovereigns. Pay, then, the most to the advices obtained within our particular attention to the internal own territory, and which I have government of the state ; and, if carefully collected. When, how. you adopt the opinion which I have ever, you had laid down the prin. declared, you will perceive that it ciples on which the government, will be impossible to establish con. , together with its council, should stitutional and permanent laws, be act with regard to those important fore the fate of Greece has been questions and interests which are definitively determined. You will, connected with it, you will have perhaps, sanction the provisional performed half your task. Having system which exists at present, un re-assembled, you will then finish til that desirable period; modified, and perfect it, you will also be however, in such a manner, that required to examine the acts of the government, having new coun. government, and to regulate the cils brought to its assistance, may laws which it will offer for your restore tranquillity and order in the sanction. interior, commence the examina. If this preliminary plan meet tion of such laws as should be pro- your approbation, the government, posed, and take, in fine, every mea. according to the rules which you sure which honour, justice and pru. will have laid down, will answer dent foresight recommend to your the powers of Europe on any ques. attention. Among such measures, tion concerning the execution of the must be numbered those which re. contracts of the treaty of London. late to the financial department, to These contracts bind the nation our exterior relations, and to the only so far as they have been raindemnification which the govern. tified by you. The same may be ment should proffer to the citizens said of the constitutional laws : who sacrificed their property for they will be administered as you the good of Greece; in order that may direct; and it depends on you, it may fulfil the promises of the after mature consideration, to give assemblies of Astræa, of Epidau. them your sanction. You will, in rus, and Træzen; not only to these fine, establish the principles and
torms on which all other interests seration, especially by memorable will be regulated until a new na. exploits, have displayed their at. tional assembly shall be convoked. tachment to Greece.
During the sitting, and previous. In all that I have thus candidly ly to the dissolution of this assem, submitted to you, gentlemen, I bly, you will doubtless impress on have done my duty to the nation. your minds that, as you have be. Having taken upon myself the come, on the one hand, the organs direction of the affairs of the state, of the nation, through which it ad. I deem my self happy in being able dresses thanksgivings to the Pro. to sacrifice to it the remainder of vidence which presides over the my days; but the more particular. fate of nations; you are, on the ly, if I could serve it as I desire, other, the conspicuous witnesses of in the quality of a private citizen. its acknowledgments to the august I could them show to the Greeks, allied monarchs, its benefactors, to in the most satisfactory manner, their admirals, to the naval force the feelings which I entertain for and its worthy chief, and, lastly, to the numerous proofs of confidence all the Philhellenists who, by so with wbich they have so generous. many proofs of generous commis. ly honoured me.
PROCLAMATION of the INFANTA RE. patible with each other, and con. GENT OF PORTUGAL.
demned by experience. The chaJuly 12th, 1826. racter of the Constitutional Charter PORTUGUESE!—The regency of which his most faithful majesty the kingdom is about to relieve you gives you is quite another thing. It from anxiety, and to fix your atten. is not a forced concession; it is a tion upon decrees, which interest voluntary and spontaneous gift of you generally, and which his most the legitimate power of his majes. faithful majesty Don Pedro IV., has ty, and matured by his profound deigned to issue froin his court at and royal wisdom. This charter Rio Janeiro. With these decrees tends to terminate the contest be. will be also published the Constitu. tween the two extreme principles tional Charter of the Portuguese which have agitated the universe. Monarchy, which the same sove. It summons all Portuguese to re. reign has deigned to decree, and conciliation, by the same means which, according to his intentions, which have served to reconcile must be sworn to by the three or other people ; by it are maintained, ders of the state, in order that it in all their vigour, the religion of may govern the kingdom of Portu. our fathers, decorum, and the rights gal and its dependencies. In the and dignity of the monarchy; all mean time, the regency informs the orders of the state are respect. you, that this charter differs essen. ed, and all are alike interested in tially from the Constitution pro. uniting their efforts to surround and duced by infatuation in 1822, and strengthen the throne, to contri. which contained principles incom. bute to the common good, and to
secure the preservation and ameli. his subjects; and, moreover, hav, oration of the country to which ing in view the good qualities, the they owe their existence, and of the activity and the firmness of charac. society of which they form a part; ter, which distinguish my very dear the ancient institutions are adapted and beloved brother, the Infant and accommodated to our age, as Don Miguel; I name him my lieu. far as the lapse of seven centuries tenant, bestowing upon him all the will permit; and finally, this char. powers which, as king of Portugal ter has prototypes among other na. and the Algarves, belong to me, tions who are esteemed among the and which are marked out in the most civilized and the most happy. Constitutional Charter, in order that It is our duty to await tranquilly the he may govern and rule over the execution of this charter, and of same kingdoms in conformity with the preparatory acts which it pre- the dispositions of the above-men. scribes. If any among you should, tioned charter. The Infant Don by words or actions, aggravate re. Miguel, my very dear and beloved sentments, excite hatred, or inspire brother, will thus execute it. vengeance, and interpose between Given at the Palace of Rio de the provisions of the law and its Janeiro, the 3d of July, 1827. execution, he will be considered as
R. a disturber of public order, and as His Royal Highness the Infant an enemy of the sovereign and of
Don Miguel. his country ; and he will be punished with the utmost rigour of the law. His MAJESTY THIE EMPEROR Don The regency flatters itself that the Pedro to His ROYAL High. Portuguese people, both from the NESS THE INFANT Don Miguel. national character and for their Rio de Janeiro, July 3, 1827. common interest, will recognise, on My dear brother,-I have the this occasion, both what is their satisfaction to announce to you, most important duty, and the way that, taking into consideration your in which they may become princi. discreet conduct, and your known pally useful.
loyalty, I have just named you my Given at the Palace of Ajuda, lieutenant in the kingdom of Por. this 12th of July, 1826.
tugal, in order that you may govern (Signed) THE INFANTA. it in my name, and according to the (Countersigned) Jose JOAQUIM constitution that I have granted to
D'ALMEIDA E ARAUJO Cor. the said kingdom. I expect, my
dear brother, that you will look
upon this resolution as the greatest DECREE OF His MAJESTY Tue Em. proof I can give you of my confi.
PEROR Don Pedro to His Royal dence, and of the love I bear you. HIGHNESS THE INFANT Don Mi.
(Signed) PEDRO. GUEL.
Ilis Royal Highness the Infant July 3, 1827.
Don Miguel. Urged by motives worthy of my royal consideration, and consider
PROTOCOL. ing that the safety of the state
Vienna, Oct. 18, 1827. ought to be the supreme law for
PRESENT. every sovereign who has at heart On the part of Austria-M. le the welfare and the happiness of Prince de Metternich, M. le Comte de Lebzeltern, M. le Chevalier de brother, to the Portuguese monar. Neumann, M. le Comte Henri de chy.” Bombelles.
2. A translation of the above. On the part of England-the mentioned decree of the 3d of July, British Ambassador.
of the emperor Don Pedro to his On the part of his royal highness royal highness Don Miguel. the Infant Don Miguel-M. le 3. A translation of the letter Baron de Villa-Secca, M. le Comte from that sovereign to the Infant, de Villa Real.
his brother, which accompanied the Prince Metternich having invited same. the British ambassador and the Por. 4. A translation of the letter tuguese plenipotentiaries to meet from the emperor Don Pedro to the at his house on the 18th of Octo. king of England. ber, and those gentlemen having 5. A translation of the letter repaired there upon his invitation, from the emperor Don Pedro to his he proposed that they should re. majesty the emperor of Austria. cord, in an official protocol, the re. 6. A copy of the despatch which sult of the confidential negotiations prince Metternich has this day ad. which had taken place between dressed to prince Esterhazy, at MM. de Villa-Secca and Villa-Real, London, directing his excellency since the time of his return to Vi. to acquaint the British government enna, relative to the departure of of the determination to which the the infant, that prince's voyage, Infant has come, to send Portu. and the line of conduct he intended guese ships forth with to England, to pursue upon his arrival at Lis. whither he himself will repair di. bon ; and the British ambassador, rectly, for the purpose of embarkas well as the Portuguese plenipo. ing as quickly as possible for Por. tentiaries, having agreed to this tugal. This despatch, which proposition, it was decided that contains an historical and faithful they should annex to the protocol of account of the whole negotiation the present conference the follow. relative to the present and future ing documents, namely--1. A copy situation of the Infant, as well as of the note of the Marquis de Re. the last determinations to which zende to prince Metternich, dated that prince had come, had been 19th of September, 1827, which read at a confidential meeting should serve as a commencement which took place on the evening of to the present negotiation. In this the 16th of October, at prince Met. note the Brazilian envoy announces ternich's, and at which were pre. officially to the cabinet of Vienna, sent the British ambassador and the that the emperor Don Pedro, his Portuguese plenipotentiaries. It master, by a decree dated the 3d was not until after having obtained of July, “has conferred on his their entire concurrence, that this royal highness, the infant Don despatch was this day sent to Lon. Miguel, with the title of his lieu. don. "The Portuguese plenipoten. tenant in Portugal, the regency of tiaries announced to the conference, the said kingdom, agreeably to the that the Infant had likewise made laws existing in that state, and in them acquainted with his final de. conformity with the institutions termination relative to his voyage ; given by the emperor, his august that his roval highness had ordered them to prepare letters which he should take, together with the titic wished to communicate in conse of lieutenant, that of regent of the quence, without delay, to the em. kingdom, since, being called by the peror his brother, to his majesty decree of the emperor Don Pedro, the king of England, and to the of the 3d of July, to succeed to the Infanta, his sister; that he had Infanta, his sister, in the office of likewise ordered them to draw up the regency, it would be equally the letter to the Infanta, in such contrary to his personal dignity, to manner that it might be made pub. that of the Portuguese nation, and lic, and that it should at the same to the pleasure of the emperor Don time leave no doubt of the firm de. Pedro, that he should take any title sire of that prince, in accepting the inferior to that which the Infanta lieutenancy of the kingdom, which had borne ; that there could not, the emperor his brother had just moreover, exist any doubt of the confided to him, to maintain reli. intentions of that sovereign in that giously its institutions, to bury what respect; that they were clearly had passed in entire oblivion, but to demonstrated by the tenor of the restrain, at the same time, with note of the marquis de Rezende of energy and firmness, the spirit of the 19th of September, by that of party and of faction, which has too the instructions with which that long agitated Portugal.
envoy was furnished, and lastly, by All the members of the confer. that of the letter from the emperor ence could not but render unani. Don Pedro to the king of England ; mously the most entire justice to since, in these different documents, such laudable intentions on the part it is explicitly or implicitly said, of the Infant; prince Metternich that that sovereign confers the re. on his part added, that immediately gency upon the Infant. Moreover, after the Infant's letters should be there is no doubt, that the decree written and signed, he had offered of the emperor Don Pedro, to the to send them speedily to England Infant, his brother, dated the 3d of by M. de Neumann, who only July, was addressed “To the In. awaited their completion, to depart, fant, Don Miguel, regent of the and to transmit duplicates to Por. kingdom of Portugal." tugal by a courier, whom he in. The British ambassador observ. tended to send forth with by Madrid ed, that having been already into Lisbon. The Portuguese pleni. formed, for several weeks past, of potentiaries having accepted these the opinion of the cabinet of Vien. offers, prince Metternich thought na in this respect, he had already it proper still further to observe on made his government acquainted this occasion, that, above all, the with it ; that, in fact, he had not Infant ought undoubtedly to affirm, yet received any answer upon this in the letters which he intends to subject, but that he flattered him. write to the king of England, and self that it would be in conformity to the Infanta his sister, the title of with the opinion of the Austrian lieutenant of the kingdom, since it cabinet. With respect to the Por. is under that title that the emperortuguese plenipotentiaries, they deintrusts to him the regency; and clared themselves in favour of that that it appeared to him proper, and which prince Metternich had just even necessary, that the Infant expressed, and they undertook to