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from it, and we have been given sels of neither. That exception distinctly to understand that neither itself is found in a proclamation of of the bills which were under the the Governor of the Island of St. consideration of Congress at their Christopher, and of the Virgin Is. last session would have been deem. lands, inviting, for three months ed sufficient in the concessions, to from the 28th of August last, the have been rewarded by any re importation of the articles of the laxation from the British interdict. produce of the United States, which It is one of the inconveniences in constitue their export portion of this separably connected with the at, trade, in the vessels of all nations. tempt to adjust by reciprocal legis. That period having already expired, lation interests of this nature, that the state of mutual interdiction has neither party can know what would again taken place. The British be satisfactory to the other; and government have not only declined that after enacting a statute for the negotiation upon this subject, but avowed and sincere purpose of by the principle they have assumed conciliation, it will generally be with reference to it, have precluded found utterly inadequate to the ex. even the means of negotiation. It pectations of the other party, and becomes not the self respect of the will terminate in mutual disappoint. United States, either to solicit gra. ment.
tuitious favours, or to accept as the The session of Congress having grant of a favour that for which an terminated without any act upon ample equivalent is exacted. It the subject, a proclamation was is. remains to be determined by the sued on the 17th of March dast, respective governments, whether conformably to the provisions of the trade shall be opened by acts the 6th section of the Act of 1st of reciprocal legislation. It is in March,1823, declaring the fact that the mean time satisfactory to know, the trade and intercourse autho. that apart from the inconveniences rized by the British act of Parlia resulting from a disturbance of the ment of 24th June, 1822, between usual channels of trade, no loss the United States and the British has been sustained by the com. enumerated colonial ports, had merce, the navigation or the reve. been by the subsequent acts of nue of the United States, and none Parliament of 5th July, 1825, and of magnitude is to be apprehended the order of Council of 27th July, from this existing state of mutual 1826, prohibited. The effect of interdict. this proclamation, by the terms of With the other maritime and the act under which it was issued, commercial nations of Europe, our has been, that each and every pro. intercourse continues with little va. vision of the act concerning Navi. riation. Since the cessation, by gation, of 18th April, 1818, and of the convention of 24th June, 1822, the act supplementary thereto, of of all discriminating duties upon 15th May, 1820, revived, and is in the vessels of the United States and full force. Such, then, is the pre- of France, in either country, our sent condition of the trade, that, trade with that nation has increased, useful as it is to both parties, it can, and is increasing. A disposition with a single momentary exception, on the part of France has been be carried on directly by the ves. manifested to renew that negotia. tion; and, in acceding to the pro. regard to its ratification. At & posal, we have expressed the wish more recent date, a minister pleni. that it might be extended to other potentary from the Hanseatic Re. objects, upon which a good under. publics of Hamburg, Lubeck, and standing between the parties would Bremen, has been received, char. be beneficial to the interests of ged with a special mission for the both. The origin of the political negotiation of a treaty of amity relations between the United States and commerce between that ancient and France, is coeval with the first and renowned league and the Uni. years of our independence. The ted States. This negotiation has memory of it is interwoven with accordingly been commenced, and that of our arduous struggle for is now in progress, the result of national existence. Weakened as which will, if successful, be also it has occasionally been since that submitted to the Senate for their time, it can by us never be forgot. consideration. ten; and we should hail with exul. Since the accession of the Emtation the moment which should in. peror Nicholas to the imperial dicate a recollection equally friend. throne of all the Russias, the friend. ly in spirit on the part of France. ly dispositions towards the United À fresh effort has recently been States, so constantly manifested by made by the minister of the Uni. his predecessor, have continued ted States residing at Paris, to ob. unabated ; and have been recently tain a consideration of the just testified by the appointment of a claims of citizens of the United minister plenipotentiary to reside States, to the reparation of wrongs at this place. From the interest long since committed, many of taken by this sovereign in behalf them frankly acknowledged, and of the suffering Greeks, and from all of them entitled, upon every the spirit with which others of the principle of justice, to a candid great European powers are co. examination. The proposal last operating with him, the friends of made to the French government freedom and humanity may indulge has been, to refer the subject, which the hope, that they will obtain re. has formed an obstacle to this con- lief from that most unequal of con. sideration, to the determination of flicts, which they have so long and a sovereign, the common friend of so gallantly sustained; that they both. To this offer no definitive will enjoy the blessing of self-go. answer has yet been received: vernment, which by their sufferings but the gallant and honourable in the cause of liberty they have spirit which has at all times been richly earned ; and that their inde. the pride and glory of France, will pendence will be secured by those not ultimately permit the demands liberal institutions, of which their of innocent sufferers to be extin. country furnished the earliest exguished in the mere consciousness ample in the history of mankind, of the power to reject them. and which have consecrated to im.
A new treaty of amity, navi. mortal remembrance the very soil gation, and commerce, has been for which they are now again pro. concluded with the kingdom of fusely pouring forth their blood. Sweden, which will be submitted The sympathies which the people to the Senate for their advice with and government of the United States have so warmly indulged ved indications of intestine divisions with their cause, have been ac. in some of the republics of the knowledged by their government, south, and appearances of less in a letter of thanks, which I have union with one another, than we be. received from their illustrious Pre. lieve to be the interest of all. sident, a translation of which is Among the results of this state of now communicated to Congress, things has been that the treaties the representatives of that nation concluded at Panama do not apto whom this tribute of gratitude pear to have been ratified by the was intended to be paid, and to contracting parties, and that the whom it was justly due.
meeting of the Congress at Tacu. In the American hemisphere the baya has been indefinitely postpocause of freedom and independence ned. In accepting the invitations has continued to prevail ; and if to be represented at this Congress, signalized by none of those splen. while a manifestation was intended did triumphs which had crowned on the part of the United States, of with glory some of the preceding the most friendly disposition to. years, it has only been from the wards the Southern Republics by banishment of all external force whom it had been proposed, it was against which the struggle had been hoped that it would furnish an opmaintained. The shout of victoryportunity for bringing all the na. has been superseded by the expul. tions of this hemisphere to the sion of the enemy over whom it common acknowledgment and could have been achieved. Our adoption of the principles, in the re. friendly wishes, and cordial good gulation of their international rela. will, which have constantly follow.' tions, which would have secured a ed the southern nations of America lasting peace and harmony between in all the vicissitudes of their war them, and have promoted the cause of independence, are succeeded by of mutual benevolence throughout a solicitude, equally ardent and the globe. But as obstacles apcordial, that by the wisdom and pear to have arisen to the re-assempurity of their institutions, they bling of the Congress, one of the may secure to themselves the two ministers commissioned on the choicest blessings of social order, part of the United States has re. and the best rewards of virtuous turned to the bosom of his country, liberty. Disclaiming alike all right, while the minister charged with the and all intention of interfering in ordinary mission to Mexico rethose concerns which it is the pre- mains authorized to attend at the rogative of their independence to conferences of the Congress whenregulate as to them shall see fit, ever they may be resumed. we hail with joy every indication A hope was for a short time enof their prosperity, of their har. tertained, that a treaty of peace mony, of their persevering and in actually signed between the go. flexible homage to those principles vernments of Buenos Ayres and of freedom and of equal rights, Brazil, would supersede all further which are alone suited to the genius occasion for those collisions beand temper of the American na. tween belligerent pretensions and tions. It has been therefore with neutral rights, which are so comsome concern that we have obser- monly the result of maritime war, and which have unfortunately dis- complained of it as a measure for turbed the harmony of the rela. which no adequate intentional cause tions between the United States had been gived by them; and upand the Brazilian governments. At on an explicit assurance, through their last session, Congress were their Chargé d'Affaires, residing informed that some of the naval here, that a successor to the late officers of that empire had ad. representative of the United States vanced and practised upon princi. near that government, the appoint. ples in relation to blockades, and ment of whom they desired, should to neutral navigation, which we be received and treated with the could not sanction, and which our respect due to his character, and commanders found it necessary to that indemnity should be promptly resist. It appears that they have made for all injuries inflicted on ncfbeen sustained by the govern. citizens of the United States, or ment of Brazil itself. Some of the their property, contrary to the laws vessels captured under the as. of nations, a temporary commission sumed authority of these erro. as Chargé d'Affaires to that coun. neous principles, have been re. try has been issued, which it is stored ; and we trust that our just hoped will entirely restore the or. expectations will be realized, that dinary diplomatic intercourse be. adequate indemnity will be made to tween the two governments, and all the citizens of the United States the friendly relations between their who have suffered by the unwar. respective nations. ranted captures which the Brazi. Turning from the momentous lian tribunals themselves have pro. concerns of our Union in its internounced unlawful.
course with foreign nations to those In the diplomatic discussions at of the deepest interest in the ad. Rio de Janeiro, of these wrongs ministration of our internal affairs, sustained by citizens of the United we find the revenues of the present States, and of others which seemed year corresponding as nearly as as if emanating immediately from might be expected with the anticithat government itself, the Chargé pations of the last, and presenting d'Affaires of the United States, un. an aspect still more favourable in der an impression that his repre. the promise of the next. The ba. sentations in behalf of the rights lance in the Treasury on the first of and interests of his countrymen January last was six millions three were totally disregarded, and use. hundred and fifty-eight thousand less, deemed it his duty, without six hundred and eighty-six dollars waiting for instructions, to termi- and eighteen cents. The receipts nate his official functions, to de. from that day to the 30th of Sep. mand his passports, and to return tember last, as near as the returns to the United States. This move of them yet received can show, ment, dictated by an honest zeal amount to sixteen millions eight for the honour and interests of his hundred and eighty-six thousand country, motives which operated five hundred and eighty-one dol. exclusively upon the mind of the lars and thirty-two cents. The officer who resorted to it, has not receipts of the present quarter, es. been disapproved by me. The timated at four millions five hun. Brazilian government, however, dred and fifteen thousand, added to the above, form an aggregate of tingent deficiencies which may oc. twenty-one millions four hundred cur, though not specifically fore. thousand dollars of receipts. The seen, we may safely estimate the expenditures of the year may per receipts of the ensuing year at haps amount to twenty-two millions twenty-two millions three hundred three hundred thousand dollars, thousand dollars; a revenue for presenting a small excess over the the next equal to the expenditure receipts. But of these twenty-two of the present year. millions, upwards of six have been The deep solicitude felt by our applied to the discharge of the prin citizens of all classes throughout cipal of the public debt; the whole the Union, for the total discharge amount of which, approaching of the public debt, will apologize seventy-four millions on the first of for the earnestness with which I January last, will on the first day deem it my duty to urge this topic of next year fall short of sixty-seven upon the consideration of Congress millions and a half. The balance --of recommending to them again in the treasury on the first of Janu. the observance of the strictest ary next, it is expected, will ex. economy in the application of the ceed five millions four hundred public funds. The depression upon and fifty thousand dollars; a sum the receipts of the revenue which exceeding that of the first of Janu. had commenced with the year ary, 1825, though falling short of 1826, continued with increased that exhibited on the first of Janua- severity during the two first quarry last.
ters of the present year. The re. It was foreseen that the revenue turning tide began to flow with the of the present year would not equal third quarter, and so far as we can that of the last, which had itself judge from experience, may be exbeen less than that of the next pected to continue through the preceding year. But the hope has course of the ensuing year. In been realized which was entertain the mean time, an alleviation from ed, that these deficiencies would the burden of the public debt will, in nowise interrupt the steady ope. in three years, have been effected ration of the discharge of the pub. to the amount of nearly sixteen lic debt by the annual ten millions millions, and the charge of annual devoted to that object by the act of interest will have been reduced 3d March, 1817.
upwards of one million. But among The amount of duties secured on the maxims of political economy merchandise imported from the which the stewards of the public commencement of the year until moneys should never suffer with. the 30th of September last, is out urgent necessity to be tran. twenty-one millions two hundred scended, is that of keeping the ex. and twenty-six thousand, and the penditures of the year within the probable amount of that which will limits of its receipts. The appro. be secured during the remainder priations of the two last years, in. of the year, is five millions seven cluding the yearly ten millions of hundred and seventy-four thousand the sinking fund, have each equal. dollars; forming a sum total of led the promised revenue of the twenty-seven millions. With the ensuing year. While we foresee allowances for drawbacks and con. with confidence that the public