« ПретходнаНастави »
by the Bishops of Oxford and St. Asaph, || lasting benefits to his people. England vested in copes, and kneeling at a fald had very recently had a proof of the truth stool above the steps of the Theatre, on of that assertion; she had seen a religious the middle of the cast side thereof. Then ruler sit on the throne of her Kings for was read the beginning of the Communion more than half a century, and she had in Service, and after it a Sermon by the Arch- consequence been established in strength bishop of York.
amidst the wreck of surrounding nations. The Tert-On which the Right Rev. On the Son and successor of that King she Prelate addressed his congregation was now rested her hopes in perfect security ; taken from 2 Samuel, chap. xxiii. verses 3 and if the nation might take its experience and 4.-" The God of Israel said, the Rock
of the past as a gage of his future conduct, of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over they had good grounds for expecting that men must be just, ruling in the fear of their hopes would be confirmed whenever God; and he shall be as the light of the they looked at the manner in which he morning when the sun riseth, even a morn- had conducted himself during the late ing without clouds; as the tender grass eventful struggles for the liberties of Europe. springing out of the earth by clear shining The Sovereign who was then about to after rain." He began by stating that this | undergo an important ceremony, was not text was deserving of the most serious unknown to the cares of his station. When consideration at the hands of the audience called to the helm of government by the he was addressing, not merely on account unfortunate illness of his Father, he found of its being the declaration of a dying king, the country in a state of war, which but also the inspiration of a divine prophet. threatened to destroy its very existence. He then entered into a dissertation upon To his steadfastness in a time of peril it the mutual advantages which accrue both was owing, under God, that the war had to the governor and the governed from been brought to a conclusion, glorious in good government. He stated that one, and the annals of history, and still more glorious the chief point to produce good government in the moderation of the victor, who, so was a strict attendance to universal justice far from being subdued by ambition in on the part of the governor—not merely to good fortune, had confined himself to the justice between man and man, but between attainment of that which was the best nation and nation. The records of history, | justification of war—a secure and permaboth ancient and modern, fully proved that nent peace. Under a Prince of such wisdom, monarchs in general applied one code of both in peace and war, they had reason to morality to men, and another to nations. I look forward to all the blessings that were Now, a good ruler ought to apply the same to be derived from a great and glorious code to both; and unless he did so, the policy—they had reason to believe that he nation which he governed could not be would place his glory in the moral integrity happy. After pointing out the dangers of the empire, and that he would in conwhich arose from licentiousness in the sequence reign in the hearts of a loyal and people and tyranny in the monarch, he happy people. The Rev. Prelate concluded proceeded to draw the picture of a patriot bis Sermon by calling on the congregation king, whose sole aim was the good of the to implore the Almighty to confirm the people, and who, in seeking to accomplish | hopes which they already entertained that good, always withheld his favour from regarding his present Majesty, to multiply the base and licentious, and exhibited in every blessing on his head, and so to direct his own person an example of those virtues | his counsels to the advancement of true which he cherished in others. If a monarch religion, that he might long continue to fully accomplish:ed that object, he would hold the sceptre of righteousness in peace not be overpaid for his exertions by the and security. largest revenues, inasmuch as those exer- During the sermon, his Majesty sat in tions were calculated to produce the most his chair on the south side of the area,
opposite the pulpit; his supporters, the the Robes, the cap by the Officer of tho Deputy Lord Great Chamburlain, and the Jewel Office. St. Edward's Chair (covered Noblemen carrying the swords, standing with cloth of gold) having been placed in by him; the Archbishop of Canterbury front of the altar, his Majesty took his took his seat in a purple velvet chair on the seat therein to be anointed; when four north side of the Altar, Deputy Garter Knights of the Garter, summoned by Destanding near him; the Bishops were on puty Garter, held over the King's head a their benches, along the north side of the rich pall or cloth of gold, delivered to them area ; the Dean and Prebendaries of West- | by the Lord Chamberlain, and the Dean of minster stood on the south side of the area, Westminster, holding the ainpulla containeast of the King's chair, and near the Altar. ing the consecrated oil, and pouring some The published ceremonial stated, that the into the anointing spoon, the Archbishop King would wear his cap of state during the anointed his Majesty on the head and sermon. llis Majesty, however, forbore to hands, in the forin of a cross, pronouncing
the words, “ Be thy bead anointed," &c. The Oath.—The sermon being concluded, “ Be thy hands anointed,” &c. the Archbishop of Canterbury advancing to The King then kneeling, the Archbishop, the King administered the Coronation Oath. standing on the north side of the altar, proThe King then arose from his Chair of nounced the benediction. The Knights of State, and, attended by his supporters, and the Garter delivered the pall to the Lord the Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain, went Chamberlain. uncovered to the Altar, where, kneeling Invesling with the Supertunica.--The Dean upon the cushion laid on the steps, and of Westminster then received from the offiplacing his hand on the Iloly Gospels, his cers of the wardrobe, the supertunica of Majesty took the Oath.
cloth of gold, and a girdle of the same for The King returned to his Chair, but as it the sword, with which he arrayed the King. appeared that he had not affixed bis Royal The Spurs.- After this, the Dean took the Sign Manual to the Oath, he returned to spurs from the altar, and delivered them to the Altar and affixed the same, the Lord the Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain, who, Chamberlain of the House holding a silver kneeling down, touched his Majesty's heels standish for that purpose.
therewith, and returned them to the Dean, The King then returned again to his by whom they were laid upon the altar. Chair, and the following Hymn was sung,
The Sword.--The Nobleman who carried the Archbishop reading the first line---- the sword of state delivered it to the Lord Come, Holy Ghost, our souls inspire.” Chamberlain, and in return received another
The Anointing.–Upon the conclusion of swerd in a scabbard of purple velvet, which the hymn, the Archbishop read the prayer his Lordship delivered to the Archbishop, preparatory to the anointing (“() Lord, who laid it on the altar, and said the prayer Holy Father, who, by anointing with oil, —“Tear our prayers, O Lord, we beseech didst of old make and consecrate Kings, thee ; and so direct and support thy servant Priests, and Prophets,” &c.) At the con- | King George, who is now to be girt with clusion of this prayer, the choirs sang the this sword.” anthem, “ Zadok the Priest,” &c. During The Archbishop, assisted by other Bishops, this anthem, the king was disrobed of his | then delivered the sword into the King's crimson robes by the Deputy Lord Great right hand, saying—“Receive this kingly Chamberlain, who handed them to the sword,” &c. His Majesty then standing Master of the Robes; and his Majesty tak- || up, the Deputy Lord Great Chamberlain ing off his cap of state, the Deputy Lord | girded his Majesty with the sword. The Great Chamberlain delivering the same to || king being again scated, the Archbishop the Lord Chamberlain ; and the robes and repeated, “ Remeinber IIim of whom,” &c. cap were immediately carried into St. Ed
Offering of the Sword.—The King then ward's Chapel, the robes by the Groom of rose, ungirded the sword, and went to the altar, where he offered it in the scabbard to The Holy Bible.---The Dean then taking the Archbishop, and then retired to his the Holy Bible from the Altar, delivered it chair. The sword was then redeemed for to the Archbishop, who, attended by the an hundred shillings by the nobleman who rest of the Bishops, presented it to the King, first received it, who carried it during the saying---“Our gracious King," &c. The remainder of the solemnity.
King returned the Bible to the Archbishop, Investing with the Mantle and Armil.—The who gave it to the Dean to be by him reKing then standing was invested with the placed on the Altar. imperial mantle, a dalmatic robe of cloth of The Archbishop then pronouncing the gold, and in like manner with the armil : benedictions, the Bishops and the Peers the Archbishop pronounced the exhortation answered each benediction with a loud -" Receive this arınil as a token of the Amen. The Archbishop then turning to divino mercy embracing you on every side.” the people said---" And the same Lord God
The Orb.—The King then sat down, and Almighty, grant,” &c. The King then the Archbishop having received the orb kissed the Archbishops and Bishops, who from the Dean, delivered it into the King's knelt before him. Te Deum was sung, right hand, sayiny—“ Receive this imperial during which the King removed to the chair orb,” &c.
on wbich he first sat, on the cast side of The Ring.–The Lord Chamberlain de- the Throne. Jivered the ruby ring to the Archbishop, The Inthronization.---- T'e Dcum being which his Grace put on the fourth finger of ended, the King was then inthroned by the the King's right hand; the Archbishop say- Bishops and Peers; and the Archbishop ing—“Receive this ring,” &c.
pronounced the exhortation, “Stand firm, The Dean then brought from the altar and hold fast,” &c. amid the loudest acthe two sceptres, with the cross and dove, clamations from all parts of the Abbey. and delivered them to thc Archbishop. The Homage.---The Archbishop of Can
The Lord of the Manor of Worksop pre- terbury then knelt before the King, and, sented his Majesty with a pair of gloves, for himself and the other Lords Spiritual, embroidered with the Arms of Howard, pronounced the words of Homage, the which his Majesty put on.
Bishops kneeling around him, and saying The Sceptre.-The Archbishop then de- after him. The Archbishop then kissed his livered the Sceptre with the Cross into the Majesty's left cheek, and the rest of the King's right hand, saying—“ Receive the Bishops after him, and retired. Then the Royal Sceptre," &c. and then the Sceptre Duke of York, ascending the steps of the with the Dove into bis left hand, saying- Throne, and taking off his coronet, prepared “ Receive the Rol of Equity,” &c.
to kneel and pronounce the words of Ho The Crowning.--The Archbishop stand- mage, but the King (without permitting the ing before the Altar, and having St. Ed- || ceremony) raised him and cordially shook ward's Crown before him, took the saine him by the hand ; and his Majesty observed into his hands, and blessed it with the the same course by all the Royal Dukes.--prayer, “O God, who crownest thy faithful There were here immense plaudits. servants with mercy,” &c. Then the Arch- The Dukes and other Peers then did bishop (the Dean of Westminster carrying | homage in the usual form, the senior of the Crown) came from the Altar, and each degree pronouncing the words of placed it upon his Majesty's head. At that Homage, and the rest of the same degree moment the trumpets sounded; cannon || saying after him, and cach Peer of the same were fired without, and three cheers were degree, successively, tuuching his Majesty's given by the spectators. The anthem “The | Crown, and kissing his Majesty's left cheek, King shall rejoice in thy strength" was then and then retiring. sung. As soon as the Crown was upon his During this time, the Treasurer of his Majesty's head, the Peers put on their coro- Majesty's Household
threw about the nets, and the Bishops their caps,
Medals of the Coronation in profusion in the body of the great aisle, and through the of purple velvet, by the Deputy Lord Great seats of the Peers and Peeresses.
Chamberlain. During the Homage, the sceptre with the The Archbishop delivered the sceptre cross was held, on the King's right hand, by with the cross into his right hand, and the the Lord of the Manor of Worksop; and the ob into his left. The Dean delivered the sceptre with the dove, by the Duke of sceptre with the dove to the Nobleman who Rutland.
had before borne it, and who carried it in The Holy Sacrament.---After the IIomage,
the returning procession. the two Bishops, who had read the epistle As soon as the King had gone into St. and gospel, received from the altar, by the | Edward's Chapel, the Officer of Arms behands of the Archbishops, the Patina and gan to call over and arrange the procession the Chalice, which they carried into St. Ed- || for the return to Westminster Hall; and ward's Chapel, and brought from thence at the moment when his Majesty came out the bread upon the Patina, and the wine in | of the Chapel, the procession moved forthe Chalice. His Majesty then descended
ward in the following order : except that from the throne, and went to the altar || the Noblemen who, in the former proceswhere, taking off his crown, he delivered itsion, had borne the gold spurs, and St. Edto the Lord Great Chamberlain to hold. Ward's Staff, left in St. Edward's Chapel, Then the Bishops delivered the Patina and
and the orb and the sceptre with the cross, Chalice into the King's hands; and his Ma- borne by his Majesty, no :v walked in their jesty delivered them to the Archbishop, due places, according to their degrees in the who reverently placed the same upon the Peerage. His Majesty's fatigue from the altar, covering them with a fair linen cloth. pressure of so long and complicated a cereHis Majesty then received the Sacrament:
monial became apparent on his quitting the the Archbishop administered the bread, and Abbey. By this time the numbers in the the Dean of Westminster the
body of the Church had greatly diminished,
clip. The Choir then
but his Majesty received from those who the last sung
Anthem, “ Blessed be thou, Lord God of Israel,” &c. remained, the loudest expressions of their and at the conclusion, the trumpets sounded, allegiance. His Majesty, however, though the drums beat, and, amidst the acclama
, tions of the assembly, the King put on his
moved forward with great checrfulness and crown, and, taking the two sceptres in his
good humour. hands, again ascended the Throne, and sat
The appearance of the Abbey during the there, supported and attended as before,
ceremony of the Coronation was a scene of until the conclusion of the post-communion grandeur of which description can convey service and the blessing.
but a faint idea. The King was seated on
his throne, dressed in a robe of a most After which his Majesty, attended as be- splendid and sumptuous description. Aronnd fore, descended into the arca, and passed || bim stood on one side the Bishops with their through the door on the south side of the
copes altar, into St. Edward's Chapel; and the
of gold, and robes of black velvet, and
close by them the Heralds, with their gorNoblemen who had carried the regalia re
geous and many coloured vestments. On ceived them from the Dean of Westminster
his right and left were the Peers with their as they passed by the altar.
different coronets on their leads, with their Thic King being come into the Chapel, robes of state loosely flowing around them, and standing before the altar, delivered the
laden with all the pomp of minever and sceptres to the Archbishop, who laid them | velvet. Before him stood in front, on the upon the altar. The rest of the regalia were
extreme right, the Knights of the Bath, delivered to the Dean, to be by him laid | distinguished by the taste, lightness, and also on the altar.
elegance of their vesture, and the unbounded Then the King was disrobed of his royal | profusion of their snow-white plumage; and robe of state, and arrayed in his royal robe next to them were the Knights of the Garter, not Peers, in all the splendid parapher- || and the gilded cornices of its roof, he might nalia of their order. Their gorgeous ap- alnıost forget that he was standing in Westpearance contrasted well with the elegant | minster Abbey. The middle aisle is now simplicity of the blue dress assigned to the open from the western entrance to that Privy Councillors, who were Aanked by | point in which it joins upon Henry VII.'s heralds and officers at arms. On the King's Chapel, and the pavement of it up to the tranleft, there stood in front five officers armed sept is matted, and in the middle covered, as with ponderous golden or gilt maces, and in the platform out of doors, with a broad dressed in most beautiful suits of blue silk purple cloth. The side aisles are each diand gold. These were mixed up with va- vided from the main aisle by wooden parFious officers of arms, who, by the mingled titions, which, in order to admit free comhues of their habiliments, produced a very munication between the different parts of noble and picturesque effect. In the rear the cathedral, are cut into various kinds of of these gentlemen the grand mass of per- | arches, thus hiding the nakedness which sons who had marched in the procession, would otherwise have been discernible, had was formed in a close and serried phalanx, the galleries been supported on rafters the Yeomen of the Guard in their splendid thrown across from one pilaster to another. liveries being in the centre of it, and form- | A row of galleries runs along these aisles, ing, as it were, its point d'oppui. In short, till you come to the entrance of the choir, the coup d'æil, which was afforded to the elevated to nearly the same height as the spectator by this condensing into one small grand door of entrance to the Abbey. At space of all the proudest ornaments of Eng. the entrance of the choir a kind of triumphal lish chivalry, was one of the grandest and arch is raised, under which the procession most magnificent scenes, which we ever marches, and in which are places assigned expect to see.
for the drums and trumpets, and also for It is desirable for the clear conception of the boys of Westminster School. llaving the ceremonial itself, and of the general | passed this archway, under which you mount scene, to endeavour to convey some idea a Night of steps, two rows of galleries, one of the new arrangements made in the above the other, run on each side of the Abbey, and the nature and extent of the de- aisle till you come to the theatre, which is corations introduced in that venerable pile. the oblong formed by the intersection of the
Westminster Abbey.-In order to make centre aisle with the two transeptsAll our description as perspicuous as possible, these galleries, as well as the benches sithe reader should imagine himself placed at tuated just before them on the pavement of the grand western entrance to the Abbey, the aisle, were covered with scarlet cloth, and to conceive all the screens and wood and form a cheering and magnificent proswork, which usually obstruct his prospect pect for the eye of the spectator to rest on. up the centre aisle, to be, as they now are, The benches within the choir, to which we entirely demolished, and a new and an en- are now alluding, are the benches on which tirely different structure to be substituted | the Knights Commanders of the Bath, the in their stead. He must also conceive the Privy Councillors, and Knights of the Gardifferent monuments of ancient grandeur ter, not being Peers, the Judges, and differwhich in many places adorn, and in as many ent law officers of the Crown, take their disfigure, its walls, to be subtracted from seats during the ceremony of the Coronahis view, and in their places, numerous gal- tion. The theatre is directly under the leries to meet his eye, glittering in all the tower of the Abbey, and on a platform of pomp of modern magnificence. Indeed, four steps, raised in the centre of it, covered with the exception of Mr. Pitt's monument, with cloth of gold, and surrounded by the which is placed over the western gate of the richest Turkey carpets, stands the coronaAbbey, scarcely another is visible to the tion chair of the Kings of England, of which, spectator at that point; and if it were not as it has been so often described, we shall for the light elegance of its architecture, not attempt to give any description on the