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And that's not suddenly to be perform’d; God and king Henry govern England's realm: But with advice, and silent secrecy.

Give up your staff, sir, and the king his realm. Do you, as I do, in these dangerous days,

Glo. My staff?--Here, noble Henry, is my staff: Wink at the duke of Suffolk's insolence,

As willingly, do I the same resign, At Beaufort's pride, at Somerset's ambition, 5 As e'er thy father Henry made it mine; At Buckingham, and all the crew of them, And even as willingly at thy fect I leave it, 'Till they have snar'd the shepherd of the flock, As others would ambitiously receive it. That virtuous prince, the good duke llumphrey: Farewell, good king: When I am dead and gone, 'Tis that they seek; and they, in seeking that, May honourable peace attend thy throne ! Shall find their deaths, if York can prophesy.


[Exit Gloster. Sal. My lord, break we off; we know your 2. Asar. Why, now is IIenry king, and Marmind at full.

garet queen; War. My heart assures me, that the carl of War- And Humphrey duke of Gloster scarce himself, Shall one day make the duke of York a king.

That bears so shrewd a maim; two pulls at once,York. And, Nevil, this I do assure inyself, 15 His lady banish’d, and a limb lopp'd off. Richard shall live to make the earl of Warwick This staff of honour raught:—There let it stand, The greatest man in England, but the king. Where best it fits to be, in Henry's hand. [sprays;

[Ereunt. Suf. Thus droops this lofty pine, and hangs his SCENE III.

Thus Eleanor's pride dies in her youngest days.

120 York. Lords, let him go':--Pleaseityourmajesty, A Hall of Justice.

This is the day appointed for the combat; Sound Trumpets. Enter King Henry, Queen Var And ready are the appellant and defendant,

garet, Gloster, York, Suffolk, and Salisbury; the The armourer and hiş,man, to enter the lists, Dutchess, Mother Jourdain, Southwel, Hume, So please your highness to behold the fight. [fore and Bolingbroke, undir guard.

25 2. Mar. Ay, good my lord; for purposely thereK. Henry. Stand forth, dame Eleanor Cobham, Left I the court, to see this quarrel try’d. Gloster's wife:

K. Henry. ('God's name, see the lists and all In sight of God, and us, your guilt is great;

things fit; Receive the sentence of the law, for sins

Here let them end it, and God defend the right! Such as by God's book are adjudg'd to death.430 York. I never saw a fellow worse bested“, You four, from hence to prison back again ; Or more afraid to fight, than is the appellant,

[To the other prisoners. The servant of this armourer, my lords. From thence, unto the place of execution: Enter at one door the Armourer and his Neighbours, The witch in Smithfield shall be burnt to ashes, drinking to him so much, that he is drunk ; and he And you three shall be strangled on the gallows.—35 enters with a drum before him, and his staff with You, madam, for you are more nobly born, a sand-bug' fastened to it; and at the other door Despoiled of your honour in your life,

enters his Man, with a drum and a sand-bag, and Shall, after three days open penance done, Prentices drinking to him. Live in your country here, in banishment, 1 Neigh, Here, neighbour Horner, I drink to With Sir John Stanley, in the isle of Man. 40 you in a cup of sack; And, fear not, neighbour, Elean. Welcome is banishinent, welcome were you shall do well enough.

(thec; 2 Neigh. And here, neighbour, here's a cup of Glo. Eleanor, the law, thou seest, hath judged charneco“. I cannot justify whom the law condemns.

3 Neigh. And here's a pot of good double beer, (Exeunt Eleanor, and the others, guarded. 45 neighbour: drink, and fear not your man. Mine eyes are full of tears, my heart of grief. Årm. Let it come, i' faith, and P'll pledge you Ah, Humphrey, this dishonour in thine age all; And a fig for Peter ! Will bring thy head with sorrow to the ground !- i Pren. Here, Peter, I drink to thcc; and be not I beseech your majesty, give me leave to go; afraid. Sorrow would solace, and mine age would ease. 50 2 Pren. Be merry, Peter, and fear not thy masK. Henry. Stay, Humphrey duke of Gloster: ter: fight for credit of the prentices. cre thou go,

Peter. I thank you all : drink, and pray for me, Give up thy staff; Henry will to himself I pray you; for I think I have taken my last Protector be; and God shall be my hope, draught in this world.--Here, Robin, an if I die, I My stay, my guide, and lanthorn to my feet: 55 give thee my apron;--and, Will, thou shalt have And go in peace, Humphrey; no less belov'd, my hammer;—and here,Tom,take all the money Than when thou wert protector to thy king. that I have.-0 Lord, bless me, I pray God! for

2. Mar. I see no reason, why a king of years I am never able to deal with my master, he hath Should be to be protected like a child.

learn'd so much fence already, "That is, sorrow requires solace, and age requires ease. * Raught is the ancient preterite of the yerb reach. 'i. e. let him pass out of your thoughts.

*j. e. in a worse plight, perhaps worse betyd. * As, according to the old

laws of duels, knights were to fight with the lance and sword; so those of inferior rank fought with an ebon staff or battoon, to the farther end of which was fixed a bag cramm'd hard with sand. A naine for a sort of sweet wine, probably much in use in our author's time. Pp3


my death.


Sal. Come, leave your drinking, and fall to Now thou dost penance too. Look how they gaze! blows.--Sirrah, what's thy name?

See, how the giddy multitude do point, Peter. Peter, forsooth.

And nod their heads, and throw theireyes on thee! Sal. Peter! what more?

Ah, Gloster, hide thee from their hateful looks; Peter. Thump.

5 And, in thy closet pent up, rue my shame, Sal. Thump! then see thou thump thy master And ban thine eneinies, both mine and thine. well.

Glo. Be patient, gentle Nell; forget this grief. Arm. Masters, I am come hither, as it were, Elean. Àn, Gloster, teach me to forget myself; upon my man's instigation, to prove him a knave, For, whilst I think I am thy marry'd wife, and myself an honest man: and touching the duke 10 And thou a prince, protector of this land, of York, I will take iny death, I never meant Methinks, I should not thus be led along, him any ill, nor the king, nor the queen; And Mail'd up'in shame, with papers on my back; therefore, Peter, have at thee with a downright And follow'd with a rabble, that rejoice blow,as Bevis of Southampton fell upon Ascapart'. To see my tears, and hear niy deep-fet groans. York. Dispatch :-this knave'stong - begins to 15 The ruthless flint doth cut my tender feet; double.

And, when I start, the envious people laugh, Sound, trumpets, alarum to the combatants. And bid me be advised how I tread.

[They fight, and Peter strikes him doren. Ah, Humphrey, can I bear this shameful yoke? Arm. Hold, Peter, hold! I confess, I confess Trow'st thou, that e'er I'll look upon the world; treason.

[Dies. 20 Or count them happy, that enjoy the sun? York. Take away his weapon:-Fellow, thank dark shall be my light, and night my day; God, and the good wine in thy master's way. To think upon my pomp, shall be my hell. Peter. O God! have I overcome mine enemy Sometime \'ll say, I am duke Humphrey's wife ; in this presence?

And he a prince, and ruler of the land:
O Peter, thou hast prevailed in right! [sight; 25 Yet so he rul'd, and such a prince he was,

K. Henry. Go, take hence that traitor from our That he stood by, whilst I, luis forlorn dutchess,
For, by his death, we do perceive his guilt?: Was made a wonder, and a pointing-stock,
And God, in justice, hath reveal’d to us To every idle rascal follower.
The truth and innocence of this poor fellow, But be thou mild, and blush not at my

shame; Which he had thought to have murder'd wrong-30 Nor stir at nothing, 'till the axe of death fully:

Hang over thee, as, sure, it shortly will. Come, fellow, follow us for thy reward. [Exeunt. For Suffolk,- he that can do all in all SCENE IV.

With her, that hateth thee, and hates us all, The Street.

And York, and impious Beaufort, that false priest, Enter Duke Humphrey, and his men, in mourning 35 Have all lin’d bushes to betray thy wings, cloaks.

And, fly thou how thou canst, they'll tangle thee: Glo. Thus, sometimes, hath the brightest day, a But fear not thou, until thy foot be snar'd, And, after summer, evermore succeeds [cloud; Nor never seek prevention of thy foes. Barren winter, with his wrathful nipping cold: Glo. Ah, Nell, forbear; thou aimest all awry; So cares and joys abound, as seasons fleet?:- 401 must offend, before I be attainted : Sirs, what's o'clock?

And had I twenty times so many foes, Serv. Ten, my lord,

And each of thein had twenty times their power, Glo. Ten is the hour that was appointed me, All these could not procure me any scathe”, To watch the coming of my punish'd dutchess : So long as I am loyal, true, and crimeless. Uneath * may she endure the flinty streets, 45 Would'st haveme rescue thee from this reproach? To tread them with her tender-feeling feet! Why, yet thy scandal were not wip'd away, Sweet Nell, ill can thy noble mind abrook But 'I in danger for the breach of law, The abject people, gazing on thy face,

Thy greatest help is quiet, gentle Nell: With envious looks still laughing at thy shame; I pray thee, sort thy heart to patience; That erst did follow thy proud chariot-wheels, 150 These few-days' wonder will be quickly worn. When thou didst ride in triumph thro' the streets.

Enter a Herald. But, soft! I think, she comes; and I'll prepare Her. I summon your grace to his majesty's par. My tear-stain’d eyes to see her miseries. liament,holden at Bury the first of this next month. Enter the Dutchussin a white sheet, her feet bare,and Glo. And my consent ne'er ask'd herein before!

ataper burning in her hand, rrith Sir Jolin Stan-35 This is close dealing.--Well, I will be there. ley, a Sheriff; and Officers.

[Erit Herald, Scro. So please your grace, we'll take her from My Nell, I take my leave:-and, master sheriff, the sherift.

Let not her penanceexceed the king'scommission. Glo. No, stir not for your lives; let her pass by. Sher. An't please your grace, here my comElcun.Come you, my lord, to seeniyopenshame:60 mission stays:

Ascapart-the giant of the story-was a name familiar to our ancestors. The figures of these combatants are still preserved on the gates of Southampton. According to the ancient usage of the duel, the vanquished person not only lost his life but his reputation, and his death was always regarded as a certain evidence of his guilt. *To fleet is to change.

* Eath is the ancient word for case. L'heruth, therefore, implies uneasily or painfully. Si. e. wrapped up in disgrace; alluding to the sheet of penance. Think'st. Scathe is larm or mischief.



And Sir John Stanley is appointed now

Only convey me where thou art commanded. To take her with him to the isle of Man.

Sian. Why, nadain, that is to the isle of Man; Glo. Must you, Sir John, protect my lady here? There to be us’d according to your state. Stan.So am I given in charge,may't please your Elxan. That's bad enough, for I am but reproach: grace.

5 And shall I then be us'd reproachfully? [lady, Glo. Entreat her not the worse, in that I pray Stan. Like to adutchess, and duke llumphrey's You use her well: the world may laugh' again; According to that state you shall be us'd. And I may live to do you kindness, if

Elean. Sheriff, farewell, and better than I fare; You do it her. And so, Sir John, farewell. Although thou hast been conduct of my shame. Elean. What, gone, my lord; and bid me not 10 Sher. It is my office; and, madarn, pardon ine. farewell

Elean. Ay,ay, farewell; thy ofliceisdischarg'd. Glo. Witness my tears, I cannot stay to speak. Come, Stanley, shall we go? (this sheet,

[Erit Glost:r. Stan. Madain, your penance done, throw off Elean. Art thou gone too? All comfort go

with And go we to attire you for our journey. thee!

151 Eleun. My shame will not be shifted with my For none abides with me: my joy is-death;

sheet: Death, at whose name I oft have been afear'd, No, it will hang upon my richest robes, Because I wish'd this world's eternity.-- And shew itself, attire me how I can. Stanley, I pr'ythee, go, and take me hence; Go, lead the way; I long to see my prison. I care not whither, for I beg no favour,


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By flattery hath he won the commons' hearts; The abbey at Bury.

Ind, when he please to make commotion,

30'Tis to be fear'd, they all will follow him. Enter King Henry, Queen, Cardinal, Suffolk, York, Now,'tis the spring, and weeds are shallow-rooted;

and Buckingham, dc. to the Parliament. Suffer them now, and they'llo'er-grow the garden, K. Hen. 1 CSE, my lordofGlosteris hotcome:

And choak the herbs for want of husbandry.

The reverent care I bear unto my lord, man,

35 Made me collect these dangers in the duke. Whate'er occasion keeps him from us now. (serve If it be fond, call it a woman's fear;

2. Mar. Can you not see? or will you not ob- Which fear if better reasons can supplant, The strangeness of his alter'd countenance? I will subscribe, and say—I wrong'd the duke. With what a majesty he bears himself;

MylordsofSuffolk,--Buckingham,--and York, How insolent of late he is become,

40 Reprove my allegation if you can; How proud, how peremptory, and unlike himself! Or else conclude my words effectual. We know the time, since he was mild and aflable; Suf: Well hath your highness seen into this duke; And, if we did but glance a far-off look,

And, had I first been put to speak my mind. Immediately he was upon his knee,

I think, I should have told your grace's 'tale. That all the court admir'd him for submission : 45 The dutchess, by his subornation, But meet him now, and, be it in the morn, Upon my life, began her devilish practices: When every one will give the time of day, Or, if he were not privy to those faults, He knits his brow, and shews an angry eye, Yet, by reputing of his high descent, And passeth by with stiff unbowed knee, (As, next the king, he was successive heir) Disdaining duty that to us belongs.

50 And such high vaunts of his nobility, Small curs are not regarded, when they grin: Did instigate the bedlam brain-sick dutchess, But great men tremble, when the lion roars; By wicked means to frame our sovereign's fall. And Humphrey is no little man in England. Sinooth runs the water, where the brook is deepest; First, note, that he is near you in descent; And in his simple shew he harbours treason. And, should you fall, he is the next will mount. 55 The fox barks not, when he would steal the lamb. Me seemeth - then, it is no policy,

No, no, my sovereign; Gloster is a man Respecting what a rancorous mind be bears, Unsounded yet, and full of deep deceit. And his advantage following your decease, -- Car. Did he not, contrary to form of law, That he should come about your royal person, Devise strange deaths for small offences done? Or be admitted to your highness' council. 601 York. And did he not, in his protectorship,

'i. e. the world may look again favourably upon me. 2 i. e, it seemeth to me. 3 Suffolk uses highness and grace promiscuously to the queen. Majesty was not the settled title till the time of king James the First. * Reputing of his high descent, means, caluing himself upon it, Pp 4


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of us,

Levy great sums of money through the realm, Or any groat I hoarded to my use,
For soldiers' pay in France, and never sent it? Be brought against me at my trial day!
Hy means whereof, the towns each day revolted. No; many a pound of mine own proper store,
Buck. Tut! these are petty faults to faults un- Because I would not tax the needy conimons,

[Humphrey. 5 Have I disbursed to the garrisons, Which time will bring to light in smooth duke And never ask'd for restitution. K. Henry. My lords, at once: the care you have Car. It serves you well, my lord, to say so much.

Glo. I say no more than truth, so help me God! To mow down thorns, that would annoy our foot, York. In your protectorship, you did devise Isworthy praise : but shall I speak my consciences 10 Strange toriures for offenders, never heard of, Our kinsman Gloster is as innocent

That England was defam'd by tyranny. From meaning treason to our royal person Glo. Why, 'tis well known, that, whiles I was As is the sucking lamb, or harmless dove:

protector, The duke is virtuous, mild; and too well given, Pity was all the fault that was in me; To dream on evil, or to work my downfall. 15 For I should melt at an offender's tears, 2. Mar. Ah, what's more dangerous than this Ind lowly words were ransom for their fault: fond affiance !

Unless it were a bloody murderer, Seems he a dove? his feathers are but borrow'd, Or foul felonious thief,that fleec'd poor passengers, For he's disposed as the hateful raven.

I never gave them condign punishment: Is he a lamb? his skin is surely lent him, 20 Murder, indeed, that bloody sin, I tortur'd For he's inclin'd as is the ravenous wolf.

Above the felon, or what trespass else. Who cannot steal a shape, that means deceit ? Suf. My lord, these faults are easy", quickly Take heed, my lord; the welfare of us all

answer'd: Hangs on the cutting short that fraudful man. But mightier crimes are laid unto your charge, Enter Somerset.

25 Whereof you cannot easily purge yourself. Som. All health unto my gracious sovereign ! I do arrest you in his highness' name; K. Henry. Welcome, lord Somerset. Whatnews

And here commit you to my lord cardinal from France?

To keep until your further time of trial. Som. That all your interest in those territories K.Hen.My lord of Gloster,'tis my special hope, Is utterly bereft you; all is lost.

30 That

you will clear yourself from all suspicion ; K. Henry.Cold news, lord Somerset : but God's My conscience tells me, you are innocent. (ous ! will be done!

[France, Glo. Ah, gracious lord, these days are danger**York. Cold news for me; for I had hope of Virtue is choak'd with foul ambition, As firmly as I hope for fertile England.

And charity chas'd hence by rancour's hand; Thus are my blossoms blasted in the bud, 35 Foul subornation is predominant, And caterpillars eat my leaves away;

And equity exild your highness' land. But I will remedy this gear'ere long,

I know, their complot is to have my life; Or sell my title for a glorious grave. [Aside. And, if my death might make this island happy, Enter Gloster.

And prove the period of their tyranny, Glo. All happiness unto my lord the king! 40 I would expend it with all willingness : Pardon, my liege, that I have staid so long. But mine is made the prologue to their play; Suf. Nay, Gloster, know, that thou art come For thousands more, that yet suspect no peril, too soon,

Will not conclude their plotted tragedy
Unless thou wert inore loyal than thou art ; Beaufort's red sparklingeyesblabhisheart'smalice,
I do arrest thee of high treason here. [blush, 45 And Suffolk's cloudy brow his stormy hate;

Glo. Well, Suffolk, yet thou shalt not see me Sharp Buckingham unburdens with his tongue
Nor change my countenance for this arrest; The envious load that lies upon his heart;
A heart unspotted is not easily daunted. And dogged York, that reaches at the moon,
The purest spring is not so free from mud, Whose over-weening arm I have pluck'd back,
As I am clear froin treason to my sovereign : 50 By false accuse doth level at my life :-
Who can accuse me? wherein am I guilty? And you, my sovereign lady, with the rest,
York. 'Tis thought, my lord, that you took Causeless have laid disgraces on my head;
bribes of France,

And, with your best endeavour, have stirr'd up
And, being protector, stay'd the soldiers' pay; My liefest 'liege to be mine enemy :-
By means whereof, his highness hath lost France. 55 .\, all of you have laid your heads together,
Glo. Is it but thought so? What are they, that Myself had notice of your conventicles,
think it?

And all to make away my guiltless life; I never robb’d the soldiers of their pay,

I shall not want false witness to condemn me, Nor ever had one penny bribe from France. Nor şiore of treasons to augment my guilt; So help ine God, as I have watch'd the night,- 60 The ancient proverb will be well effected, Ay,night bynight,-instudying good for England! A staff is quickly found to beat a dog. Thatdoit that e'er I wrested from the king, Car. My liege, bis railing is intolerable:

Gear was a goneral word for things or matters. Easy here means slight, inconsiderable. i, e. dearest liege.



If those, that care to keep your royal person With sorrow snares relenting passengers ;
From treason's secret knife, and traitors' rage, Or as the snake, roll'd on a tlowering bank,
Be thus upbraided, chid, and rated at,

With shining checker'd slough, doth sting a child, And the oftender granted scope of speech, That, for the beauty, thinks it excellent. "Twill make them cool in zeal unto your grace.

5 Believe me, lords, were none more wise than I, Suf: Hath he not twit our sovereign lady here, (And yet, herein, I judge my own wit good), With ignominious words, though clerkly couch’d, This Gloster should be quickly rid the world, As if she had suborned some to swear

To rid us from the fear we have of him. False allegations to o'erthrow his state?

Car. That he should die, is worthy policy; 2. Mar. But I can give the loser leave to chide. 10 But yet we want a colour for his death: Glo. Far truer spoke, than meant: I lose, in- 'Tis meet, he be condemn’d by course of law. deed;

Suf. But, in my mind, that were no policy: Beshrew the winners, for they play me false !- The king will labour still to save his life, And well such losers may have leave to speak. The commons haply rise to save his life;

Buck. He'll wrest the sense, and hold us here all 15 And yet we have but trivial argument, Lord cardinal, he is your prisoner. [day:- More than mistrust, that shews him worthy death. Car, Sirs, take away the duke, and guard him sure. York. So that, by this, you would not have him Glo. Ah, thus king Henry throws away his crutch, Suf. Ah, York, no man alive so fain as I. [die. Before his legs be firm to bear his body:

York. "Tis York that bath more reason for his Thus is the shepherd beaten from thy side, 20


[Suffolk,And wolves are gnarling who shall gnaw.

thee first. But, my lord cardinal, and you, my lord of Ah, that my fear were false! ah, that it were ! Say as you think, and speak it from your souls,For, good king Henry, thy decay I fear. Wer't not all one, an empty eagle were set

[Erit guarded. To guard the chicken from a hungry kite, K. Henry. My lords, what to your wisdom 25 As place duke Humphrey for the king's protector? seemeth best,

2. Mar. So the poor chicken should be sure of Do, or undo, as if ourself were here.


(then, 2. Alar. What, will your highness leave the Suf. Madain, 'tis true; And wer't not madness, parliament

(with grief, To make the fox surveyor of the fold? K. Henry. Ay, Margaret: my heart is drown'd|30 Who being accus'd a crafty murderer, Whose flood begins to flow within mine eyes; His guilt should be but idly posted over, My body round engirt with misery;

Because his purpose is not executed. For what's more miserable than discontent- No; let him die, in that he is a fox, Ah, uncle Humphrey! in thy face I see By nature prov'd an enemy to the flock, The map of honour, truth, and loyalty; |35 Before his chaps be stain’d with crimson blood; And yet, good Humphrey, is the hour to come, As Humphrey prov'd by reasons to my liege. That e'er I prov'd thee false, or fear'd thy faith. And do not stand on quillets, how to slay him: What low'ring star now envies thy estate, Be it by gins, by snares, by subtilty, That these great lords, and Margaret our queen, Sleeping, or waking, 'tis no matter how, Do seek subversion of thy harmless life? 140 So he be dead; for that is good deceit Thou never didst them wrong, nor no man wrong: Which mates' him first, that first intends deceit. And as the butcher takes away the calf,

2. Mar. Thrice-noble Suffolk, 'tis resolutely And binds the wretch, and beats it when it strays,

spoke. Bearing it to the bloody slaughter-house;

Suf. Not resolute, except so much were done; Even so, remorseless, have they borne hinı hence. 45 For things are often spoke, and seldom meant: And as the dam runs lowing up and down, But, that my heart accordeth with my tongue, Looking the way her harmless young one went, Seeing the deed is meritorious, And can do nought but wail her darling's loss ; And to preserve my sovereign from his foe,Even so myself bewail good Gloster's case, Say but the word, and I will be his priest *. With sad unhelpful tears; and with dimm'd eyes 50 Car. But I would have him dead, my lord of Look after bim, and cannot do him good;

Suffolk, So mighty are his vowed enemies.

Ere you can take due orders for a priest : His fortunes I will weep; and, 'twixt each groan, Say, you consent, and censure well the deed, SayWho's a traitor Gloster he is none. [Exit. And I'll provide his executioner, 2. Mar. Free' lords, cold snow melts with the 55 I tender so the safety of my liege. sun's hot beams.

Suf. Here is my hand, the deed is worthy doing. Henry my lord is cold in great affairs,

2. Mar, And so say I. Too full of foolish pity: and Gloster's shew

York. And I: and now we three have spoke it, Beguiles him, as the niournful crocodile It skills not greatly" who impugns our doom.

* By this she means (as may be seen by the sequel) you, who are not bound up to such precise regards of religion as is the king; but are men of the world, and know how to live. ? Because duke Humphrey stood between York and the crown. * Mates him means—that first puts an end to his moving. To mate is a term in chess, used when the king is stopped from moving, and an end put to the game. *i. e. I will be the attendant on his last scene. 1. e. judge the deed good, i. e. is of no importance.


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