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of sneers.

tence finds any warrant in the constitution. The list because we desire to approve in the warmest manner tasked them. No human ingenuity, no eloquence, of disytialifications, too, might bare been increa ed. the sentiments he expressed on the sacredness of even the most divine, could ever so dazzle or conSome of us entertain peculiar opinions in relation to pledges of public faith. The states must pay their round or bewitch men from all common sense, or our federal charter.

We are state's right men. un- debts or stand disgraced-justly disgraced, before propriety, or principle, as to awe or argue them into ionists,-nullifiers

. These several opinions are ho- the world. But of the rest of gen. HAMILTON's sug- the monstrous proposition which it pleases him to nestly entertained, avowed and acted upon. They gestions, about a national paper currency, whether advocate; which through the entire scope of his are more intimately connected too with our federal by bank or exchequer, we need not say, we have no speech, is but this—that, whatever the obliquities of relations, than those abstract opinions on the subject favorable opinion. We doubt if general H. is well Mr. Tyler's course, whatever his faithlessness, what. of slavery. What would have been our feelings, if aware of the mighty change in the public mind on ever his open, arowed hostility to them, now cona distinguished citizen of the south, eminently quali- the subject of our banking history - he has been al- stantly declared, and though at this very instant his fied for a high office, to which he was nominated, most out of the current of our politics for four or official organs are constantly declaring that he never should have been rejected by our non-slave holding five years—he does not know that even Mr. Clay, was anything but a true and faithful democral, yet it be. brethren, because he entertained them?—if the mes daring as he is, is scarcely bold enough to repeat the comes the whig party, and is their solemn duty, to sages of our executive magistrates, the publications old fashioned speeches about genaral JACKSON's give him their undivided support, and to sustain his which had been made in the heat of a political can- war on the bank;"—there are few who do not look as a whig administration. vass, had been ransacked to fix upon him, some opi- back at that conflict with a feeling of deep gratitude

The main topic, which he urges almost every nion' in politics, or in morals repudiated by them? I to the then president, for saying the union from the where through the discourse, is union, harmony, conrested in checking the progress of abolition, as those H. repeats the old denunciations, as if they could tremity of meditated mischief or provocation, he who question the correctness of my conduct on this any longer find a response in our reason. "Regulate considers the whigs most culpable in not having occasion; for the whole productive property, to which the currency", again too-and a currency of equal practised towards one whom, till his treachery took I look for the support of a numerous family, con- value,” and all this notwithstanding, the lessons of the most violent form, they did all they could to consists of slaves, and the land which they cultivate the past and the Crown of the present!

ciliate--a conciliation all on one side, as to Mr. Tr. Beyond my personal labor, I have no other resource.

General H. still speaks as men spoke in 1837– Ler and his followers.and which Mr. WEBSTER himI have every motive, therefore, as a southern man, still thinks reverently of the exploded impostures of self in no manner practises, even in the very address and a slaveholder, to resist the spread of abolition. the credit system-siill yearns after the "aliquid vas. where he so zealously preaches it. It was as such, that I looked at this question. It was tum infinitumque" of shinplaster expansion-still beas a southern man, and a slaveholder, that I voted lieves that the medicine for broken credit is more seems to regard the late Massachusetts convention,

Nothing can exceed the bitterness with which he for Mr. Everett. It did more to check abolition; promises—still holds that all things are possible to who dared, in derogation of all his own wishes, to nomthan any vote I had an opportunits of giving. It financiering. We need not say that in all these inate Mr. Clay for the Presidency. He pours upon manifested a determination to exclude the subject of things we widely differ from him. We do not be that respectable and patriotic body a perfect tempest slavery from the senate chamber.

lieve that paper money is a good tihng, or a desiraIt deeply concerns us to keep this question from ble. We do not believe that the federal govern ceeded their commission.” If they did, it was hardis the halls of congress. Not with my consent, or by ment, whose revenues at this time fall far short of any agency of mine, shall it ever come there. It is its ordinary expenditure, and which is prevented which in 1935 nominated Mr. Webster himselí a

more than did that legislative convention of the state under our own bright southern sun, around our own from meeting the deficit by borrowing, because it domestic altars, that it should alone be discussed.

has no credit, is either in a condition to help the gainst General Harrison: a nomination which the I know that senators from the south, who abstained states or set up for a great banker-at least, its great secretary declared he would rather avoid, but from voting on this nomination, participated in these only qualification is the entire want of both capital

to which he felt bound to submit. views, and would have acted upon them, if their and credit--a qualification more highly esteemed for

He taxes them, in a manner not less splenetic, votes had been necessary to sustain it and one dis- merly than now. It is true that we are suffering with presumption, in undertaking to read Mr. Tiles tinguished southern senator, whose devotion to south- from a decreasing currency; and that the

evil is great, out of the whig church: presently, he suspects, they ern rights has never been questioned, who felt con though far less when applied to this country than may think of doing the same good office even to himstrained from his particular position to vote against those where the majority of the people may be starved self-himself, a Faneil Hall Whig!—that ever was Mr. Everett's confirmation, transmitted to me, soon by a contraction of the currency-the products of and ever will be a whig! Now, we know not what after, a voluntary and unsolicited written assurance agriculture are not diminished by the distress, rather may seem arrogance to Mr. WEBSTER, in Massachuof his approbation of my course.

increased—and it is worth remembering that we setts; but, certainly, such presumption as this the enThose who censure this vote are, I am sure, under imported bread when prices were at the top of their tire whig party have erery where practised in regard equal misapprehension as to the judgment pronounc- great swell, and the country most "prosperous.”—

to Mr. Tyler; and is Mr. Webster's voice cannot ed upon it by our own citizens, of whatever party, The decrease in the currency is the consequence of deter Massachusetts, how should it deter the entire who have looked to the question uninfluenced by par- an inordinate expansion-if" we would have a cur- country from entering up, in the most solemn form tizan feeling. While I have been cheered by the rency that increases only with our wants, we must of reprobation, its rejection, as a whig, of the man approbation of many of our most intelligent citi- make it of something more solid than paper.

whom his own official minions are now extolling to zens, conveyed to me personally and by letter, no

the locofocos as having “done more damage to whig. contrary opinion has, in a single instance, been ex

ism than any other man on earth!" pressed to me. Beyond the denunciations of a par- COMMENTS ON MR. WEBSTER'S LATE SPEECH.

In short, the temper of the speech is only good totizan press, and I would not now point to any one of

From the National Intelligencer of October 7th. wards those who cross not Mr. WEBSTER's own purthese, I saw this vote censured, for the first time, by

Nr. Ewing's bank bill. We find that we contriv- poses, and it overboils with ill-concealed rancor tothe committee on the state of the republic of the ed in scrutinizing Mr. Webster's speech for the wards every thing that regards Mr. Clay and the legislature of Georgia. I know, too, that while the expected disclosuree about the dissolution of the whigs themselves, so far as their confidence in him nomination was pending before the senate, several cabinet, to overlook the following very frank and as their great leader identifies their cause with him. southern men who were large slave holders, expressed the strongest anxioly for its confirmation, under very important statement of facts. It seems to us to

Large as is the field for further stricture, we must a conviction of the impulse which its rejection would us to complete the testimony: adding that of the only confine ourselves to a few other main facts, that claim

one of Mr. Tyler's official advisers who had not a more special public attention. give to the spread of abolition.

heretofore spoken Mr. WEBSTER says: APPROPRIATION FOR MRS. HARRISON. I voted for "At the special session of congress the secretary the bank and its constitutionality; on the compromise

On Mr. Tyler's great "conscientious" question, the appropriation to Mrs. Harrison, in obedience to or the treasury, Mr. Ewing, submitted to congress a the dictates of my judgment, in accordance with my plan for a national bank, founded upon the idea of a act

, (which Mr. W. utterly denounces;) on the profeelings, and under the sanction of precedeat. The large capital, made up by private subscriptions

, and tective policy; on something like the assumption vote is susceptable of the fullest justification-but having the power to extend its branches all over the of state debts, or at least, the appropriation of the great and good and virtuous man, whose services it its presentation to congress. It had received the poster avows his entire dissent from Mr. Tyler's peace to the memory of the gallant old soldier, the country. I need not advert to the circumstances of public domain for that purpose, (which he suggests vice it indemnified. I will not disturb his ashes for probation of the president, and was concurred in by every views. Now. when before did the world ever witthe purpose of my vindication,

Rather let me commit myself to the calmer judgment and better feel. place the gentleman whom we all thoug'it good who, instead of quitting his ministry at the

first leadas we said, circumstances had placed in the first ness a ministerial fact like this an adviser-in-chief, ing of those who have censured this act of justice to enough for the second; and his opinions were dif- ing measure on which he cannot act with the throne, the memory of a departed friend and patriot.

sereni from ours, but fixed; and we deemed it the clinging to his place, though he dissents from almosi

the part of wisdom and prudence to see how we every capital measure, and reprehending every man COMMENTS ON GENERAL HAMILTON'S LETTER TO MR. could get along as well as might be under the cir- who will not join him in sustaining acts and a policy

all of which he condemns? cumstances. Mr. Ewing's plan was sent to congress From the Columbia Carolian. The letter is, altogether a curious affair. The not establish branches in the states without the conas it had been described, except that the bank could

From the Boston Allas of the 1st inst. general has now become "a great financier; and we sent of the states."

The agony is over. Mr. Webster met his fellow. should not be surprised is “the Wall street brokers,”

Such is the report of Mr. Webster's words in the citizens in Faneuil Hall yesterday, according to apor some other body of generous "financiers” should reward him with a service of plate," as the stock-Tribune; and that of the Herald varies only the pointment. He was received on his entrance with

ihe most enthusiastic cheers. The hall was crowd. holders of the United States bank did Mr. BIDDLE, words but not the sense. just before the bank exploded.

Now this is the bill of which Mr. Tyler has af- ed to its utmost capacity by a highly intelligent and When general Hamilton laid down the palmetto firmed that he had never read it until after it was sent into attentive audience. He was addressed and introdubanner he had so long, so gallantly and gloriously congress from his own cabinet. Mr. Webster declares ced by Mr. Chapman, the mayor of the city, in a carried, to join in the general serainble of the specu- the cabinet and himsell yielded their own opinion as Webster then addressed the assembled multitude in

that the president had given it his approval, and that very eloquent, appropriate, and happy speech. Mr. lators, stock-jobbers, and money changers, after "so much trash as may be grasped thus,"

to branches in the states the president concurring a speech which occupied nearly two hours. We can in every thing else.

do little more this morning than to lay before our "Oh, what a noble mind was there o'erthrown."

readers such reports as we have been able to obtain

of the two speeches. Many of the views expressed From the Charleston Courier.

From the National Intelligencer of Oct. 4th. and the grounds assured by Mr. Webster are in We publish the letter of this distinguished man Eminent as are the abilities of Mr. WEBSTER- strict accordance with those ontertained by the great addressed to Mr. CALHOUN through the papers, be-commanding as are his powers of convincing and body of the whiz party. They were put forth in the cause every thing coming from him has interest, and persuading he has certainly, in this instance, over- strongest language, and with the most cogent and

CALHOUN.

measures.

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'mpressive effort of eloquence. No man could gaze Mr. Webster, in commenting upon the resolution of the revolution of 1840” has been accomplished. upon the orator with the fixed and unabsiracica al- ' of the whigs of Massachusetts in Fanueil Hall, de- Our difficulties with Great Britain have been peacetention which we devoted to bin without feeling that manding a separation between them and John Tyler, fully settled, for the present, on nearly half the quesbe was listening to the outpourings of a powerful asks where he himself is to be placed?

tions at issue. If the rest should again threaten we intellect. The very peculiar situation in which the The answer is plain. Mr. Tyler himself has have the easiest remedy in the world—we have only speaker slood in relation to the political affairs of drawn the line on one side of which he stands, on to revolutionize our own internal government; for the country; bis connection with an administration the other the whig party. Mr. Webster's future ad- that is the proper resort sor arranging all foreign difwhich was known to have had little favor with his herence to Mr. Tyler's administration places him ficulties. audience, except what it gathered from that connec- inevitably on the side of the line with Mr. Tyler,

MR. BERRIEN'S SPEECH AT NEW YORK. lion, the presence of an immense number of his and in opposition to the whig party. fellow-citizens, who had but recently been his con- Mr. Webster asks whether it is expedient, by thus New York two weeks since, of which ihe Express

Mr. Berrien made an address to a whig meeting in stituents, and who had at all times rejoiced to pay denouncing Mr. Tyler, to hazard the appointments speaks as follows: him the meed of honor for his distinguished talents, of such whigs as Mr. Everett, as minister in London, and gratitude for the eminent services he has ren- Levi Lincoln. as collector of Boston, and others; son, hy whose death the bright hopes of the whig

"After a beautiful eulogy on the lamented Harridered the country-all these things, and more than and this question is asked with apparent seriousness, parly had faded away, Mr. Berrien launched forth all these things, conspired to make this a scene of with the dismissal of Jonathan Roberts fresh in the into a dignified and manly examination of the succesthe most intense and thrilling interest. Throughout memory of the public--a dismissal inade upon sion of Mr. Tyler. He declared that it had been the the whole of his address, Mr. Webster was listened grounds which, in our judgment and we speak only great duty, as it was the high privilege of the succesto with riveted attention, interrupted only by the oc- of course for ourselves-renders it impossible for a casional rounds of applause. man of honor and self-respect to hold a seat in the the case, to have carried out the will of those who

sor of general Harrison, under all circumstances of On many of the points commented upon by the cabinet of Mr. Tyler.

had honored him, and who, in honoring him, expectspeaker, his audience responded cordially to the sen

But we desire not to pursue this painful topic fur- ed him to have done as the whig elected president timents to which he gave utterance. In his explana- ther; and only add, in conclusion, that we look upon would have done had he survived. He had been astions in relation to the negotiation of the treaty, and this speech as determining that Mr. Webster means sociated with the virtuous Harrison; he had been his observations upon the currency, he was lucid to retain bis place in the cabinet of John Tyler.

elected by the whigs, and he was bound by every and satisfactory. and at some points delivered him

honorable consideration to have carried out whig self in tones of the most forcible and effective elo

From the New Bedford Bulletin. quence.

Mr. Webster announced, in the course of his speech, "An allusion here, by the speaker, 10 Jonathan There are some parts of this speech in which all that he sould take an early opportunity to address Roberts was received with great applause, and a re. those who are acquainted with our previously and the whigs of Massachusetts again, when he will en statement of the conduct of President Tyler towards often expressed opinions, will at once perceive that ter more particularly into a discussion of his position this distinguished man was listened to with great atit is impossible for us to agree with the speaker. in relation to the whig party. When this discussion tention. There are those, unquestionably, who will think it has been bad, we can judge more justly and more Mr. Berrien next referred to the oral addresses the height of presumption in us to utter any thing fairly on this subject, and shall only say now, that if and communications of President Tyler to show that in opposition to what is advanced from such ħi au- Mr. Webster expects to dictate to the whig party of he had violated in his practice every professed printhority; but we live in a free land, and public men Massachusetts, he will find-entitled to very great ciple of his past life. He alluded, too, to the name, and public measures are at all times fit subjects of weight and consideration as he is that he far over- and to the splendid services of Henry Clay, and now, free and fair corument. We have not now time or estimates the amount of his influence here. The as whenever during the evening, Mr. Clay's name space to state the points upon which we feel it our great whig party of the old Bay State, and of all the was heard in the hall, it was responded to with the duty to dissent from the views taken by the orator; states, have resolved on their course, and with unpa. most hearty enthusiam. The prosessed friendship of but there is one upon which we cannot allow even ralleled uuanimity fixed on their man; and they will Mr. Tyler, for Mr. Clay, when mentioned, was also this paper to pass from the press without expressing not waver for a moment, nor be driven from their received with mingled emotions of contempt for the our disagreement.

position by any man or set of nien. The ball is in man who had been so false to his professions, and of We allude to Mr. Webster's remarks in relation motion, and nothing on earth can stop it. Mr. Web- admiration for the man who had been so ungenerousto the recent whig convention. Surely a more re

sler speaks but as an individual—as one member only ly and unjustly treated by his false friend. spectable body of men than composed that conven

of the great whig party—and as such, his opinions "The veto power was also discussed and its exertion never met within the commonwealth. From will pass for what they are worth.

cise by the present occupant of the presidential chair twelve to fifteen hundred of our most respectable

of his condemnation of the doings of the state con- and a fair review of these abominations was stated, citizens, embracing nearly every profession and oc- vention recently held in Boston, we only remark, and awakened the indignation which such an exercise cupation, representing very nearly every town in the that it was most gratuitous and presumptuous.

of power would naturally arouse. state, were convened on that occasion. The assem

A more intelligent or respectable body than that "Mr. Webster's speech was alluded to incidentally bly embraced men of distinguished talent and un- convention has never been assembled in Massachu- also, and the advice given by Mr. Webster to the questioned patriotism from every section of our ansetts, as they are the last men who will submit to be whigs to adhere to Mr. Tyler, was spoken of. The cient commonwealth. The members came into the lectured upon their duties by any man.

reference at once awakened the whole feeling of the same sacred hall in which Mr. Webster poured forth

(Such is the language generally of the whig press audience. The recommendation of Mr. Webster to his strains of eloquence. They came there for the throughout Massachusetts and the other states of the submit and support the president, met with no rethe most praise worthy and patriotic objects. Their union.]

sponse. Mr. Berrien did not name the secretary of proceedings were characterized throughout by the

state, but his meaning was too plain to be misunder:

From the Alexandria Gazette of October 6. stood. most perfect propriety: They were fully authorised, by the very terms of their appointment, not only o discussion and comment in the newspapers. We than submit

, high as the recommendation is. (Great Mr. Webster's speech is now the principle topic or "I had rather, said he, be a dog and bay the moon, nominate candidates for governor and lieutenant governor, but "lo transact such other business as might might easily fill our columns with extracts from the applause.) come before them.” The resolution which has been different journals; the whig papers condemning the "We are told that he added, that Mr. Tyler is for the subject of the present animadversion, and which general tone and character of the speech, and the three long years to be president. (Laughter.) We declared complete political alienation of the whigs locofoco organs expressing their satisfaction at the are told-Be patient gentle whigs. (laughter,) bear

of this commonwealth from John Tyler, had been attitude assumed by the secretary. This is not, how- lightly and without complaint your burdens. Don't • adopted over and over again at smaller and more lo- ever, at all necessary. Our own views have been separate yourselves from Mr. Tyler. (Laughter. )—

cal assemblies. It was responded to, so far as we given to our readers, and we are happy to find them This we are recommended to do, and because Mr. koow, by every delegate present. There was not a identical with those entertained and expressed by Tyler is to be president for three years. But, thank question as to the unanimity of sentiment in relation the whig party, every where. We can never cease Heaven, it is not three long years. Every rising and to it. It was perfectly well understood, too, through giant intellect of Daniel Webster, but we can very than t vo years will roll around before the will of

to respect and admire the commanding talents and setting sun diminishes the time. Very little more tional nominations would come up before the con- easily condemn and repudiate his political course the American people will be again triumphant. vention. It had been a matter of free conversation and conduct.

"I can't, said Mr. Berrien, concur in this advice to in all the whig circles. It had been canvassed by

submit. I have no blood in my veins which tells all the whig papers in the state. The whig dele

The National Intelligencer, also notices, with irony, me to submit. We can't submit to the usurpation gates were elected by the whig people with the full the notion put forth in Mr. Webster's speech, that a of authority. What then is our duty? To stand knowledge that they would be called to act upon into power, was the negotiation of a treaty with S!and firm, and we shall obtain our objects. Let

main object of the struggle by which the whigs came firmly and indomitably by the principles we love.those nominations; and, in some of the towns,

ex. Great Britain. The following is the concluding por- every man feel and do his duty. Let the public press instructions were given to the delegates to vote

tion of the article: for the nominees of thal convention. In both these

mind be conciliated to our principles. Let us throw acts the convention did but echo the opinions and

The first object, he says, of the great revolution of upon that one man who holds in his hands the happifeelings of their constituents; and we cannot admit 1840 was to bring into power an administration that ness of seventeen millions of people, the indignation that is either the resolution or the nomination they would, by skilful negotiation, terminate our differen- and the reprobation, which for his conduct he so

ces with Greet Britain. in anywise transcended their vested authority.

richly merits. Do this, and I believe that the triNow, by universal assent, the country contained umph of the whig party is as certain as the revolu

no man so fit take charge of these negotiations as tion of time. From the New York American of the 1st. Mr. Webster, therefore, the first object of the revo- "Our measures we shall obtain: a revenue for the or the speech itself, we need hardly say that it is lution of 1840 was to have Mr. Webster to conduct country, and by its means, a permanent and safe marked with all the ability of the distinguished gen- the treaty with Lord Ashburton.

protection to the labor of the country. tleman who delivered it; and would we could stop It is singular how. little men understand thcir own “A just and equitable distribution of the proceeds bere. But justice to our own sentiments, justice to favorite intentions; for, upon our word, this is the of the sales of ine public domain among all the what we consider the feelings and the interests of first time we ever heard that the foremost whig ob- states. These we shall have. Heed not the advice the whig party, compel us to add that in our judg- ject in changing the administration was this settle of those who tell us to submit. Let them secede.ment it is the speech of a public man determined to ment of our foreign relations; and of the many with We may lose for the time in numbers, but we shall retain office in opposition to the views of those with whom we have talked of this discovery, since it was have gained in moral streugth by those secessions, whom he has heretofore acted, and bent upon justi- made, we have not found neither whig or democrat numbers with whom, by and by, we shall triuinphantfying the policy and course of an administration whom it was not equally new.

ly march to success. which ostentatiously proclaims itself adverse to the It is however, most satisfactory to find that, with- "Mr. Berrien took his seat amidst the cheers of party by which it was placed in power.

out either side suspecting it, "the first great object! his audience.”

و ، ) ،* ,4 ، |

General Johnson, of Connecticut died of lock.jaw of one dollar be laid on every gallon introduced into one

brou the on by the use of independents to straighten liinbs. parish from another. The money raisot hy this tax CHRONICIE. Dungered cooked by wants

pilliroir une er at vit frit olio of Stet l'un hien.

. APPOINTMENTS BY THE FRIENT Lrosi Mur

Elections. The result of the elections in Mary- OPERATIO Y OF TUE TARIFF. The New York Com. phy, appraiser of merchandize for the port of New Orleans, (La.,) vice A. H. Inskeep, removed land will be seen on a preceding page. Those in mercia! Advertiser of Thursday says, “The operation

Oliver Harris, surveyer of the revenue at St. Louis. Georgia and Pennsylvania are as but partially receiv- of the new tariff law has been tested by one month of Mo., vice E. R. Hopkins, deceased. ed. John M. Scott (whig) is re-elected mayor of experience. The result is, that the average of duties

upon imports of every sort is just about thirty per cent. John F. Wray, receiver of public moneys at Pon- Philadelphia by a majority of 1,008.

ad valorem, and no more. So much for the howlings totoc, Mi., vice Solomon Clarke, deceased.

Besides Pennsylvania, the elections came also on against what has been predicted would be a prohibitory ANTEDILUVIAN REMAINS The New Bedford Register last Tuesday in Ohio and N. Jersey, being continued tariff. has received a leller from Clayton co., lowa, one pas. in the latter state through two days. In Pennsylvania

Phonix BANK-ARRESTS. members of the legislature and a portion of the state complaints preferred by James Hunnewell,' esq., the

Late on Saturday night, on sage of wliich we extraci

"A few days since, some miners in sioking a shaft for senate were to be chosen; and in Ohio, the same and new president of the Phoenix Bank, William Wyman, lend ore, six iniles from Dubuque city, found a skeleton a governor were to be chosen. In New Jersey the ex-president, and Thomas Brown, jr., ex-cashier of the of one of those animals whose race las long become election was confined to members of the legisla- hank, and William H. Skinner, of the firm of Sianly, ex'inct. The bones are in a toleralnie stale of preserva. ture, upon which body will devolve the choice of a Reed & Co., were arrested, and held to bail in the sum tion, and from appearance belonged to a graininivorous governor. In each of those states a United States $100,000 each, for their appearance for examination be. animal

, twice the size of an elephant. One of the mu. senator is to be elected-one in Pennsylvania, in the fore Mr. Justice Burtrick, at Charlestown, yesterday af; and was entire and the enamel perfect. The skeleton place of Mr. Buchanan; one in Ohio, in the place ternoon. The complaints charge, that Wyman and was imbedded in limestone, at a depila of from fifieen of Mr. Allen; and one in New Jersey, to fill the Browne lave embezzled the sum of $300,000 froin the

Phænix Bank, and also that Mr. Skinner conspired with vacancy occasioned by the decease of Mr. Sou- them to perpetrate the fraud, which is made larceny by to twenty-six teet from the surface.” thard.

the revised statutes. MR. Calhoun, it is said, has stated his determination

The defendants appeared with their counsel at the not to submit to the decision of a national convention; FAIR OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE AT Niblo's but to be a candidate for the presidency, “nomination or GARDEN. Last evening our great fair, or annual ex- appointed time and place, and then by agreement the no nomination."

(North Amer. This (says the National Intelligencer) accords with was opened at Niblo's Garden. There is every thing support of the prosecution, and Messrs. Choate and position of domestic industry and natural products, examination was postponed till Friday next.

Asahel llunungton, es 7., district attorney, appeared in what was inimared by the current reports in this city at, to delight and to charm the senses with an endless Barile:t, of Bision, for the defence. the close of the last sessiod of congress.

(Boston Post. variety of the conveniences and luxuries of lifeMr. Clar's Dayton sperch has been reported by M: ' specimens of the fine and useful arts of which our

Ruode ISLAND. The Grand Jury at Providence Gould, Stenographer, and is to be published in newspa-country ought to be especially proud. Mr. Meiggs, came into court on Saturday with indictments against per and pamphlei form.

ex-clerk of the general sessions, made a very adini. the following officers under the People's ConstituOMMERCE OF Cleveland. The export from Cleve: rable address. General Tallmadge having taken the tion:-Hezekiah Willard, Senator; Clovis H. Bowen, land of tisur, wheat and purk alone, during the month chair as presiding officer of the meeting, Mr. Thad-Town Clerk; Franklin Cooley, Representative; Benof September last, by sail vessels exceeded half a million deus B. Walkeman announced that the fair was open- jamin Arnold, Jr., Representative; William H. of dolars in value. The Cleveland Heralit, after stating ed, but that the rooms were not so full of specimens Smith, Secretary; Burrington Anthony, Sheriff; David this fact, says: “In the course of thre vears, we expect as they wouid be in the course of the following day. Parmenter, Warden. These persons appeared in to see ships at our wharves taking in Obio products, and

(.N. Y. Express.

the Supreme Court on Monday, and five days were bound dired for Liverpool via Quebec.'"

allowed them to plead and prepare for trial.

GREAT MEETIMG in Kentucky. There is tn be a great Crotoy Water WORKS. The formal celebration of barbecue given ar Frankfort, ile capital of Kentucky, on Governor Davis of Massachusetts has inade a requi

We are informed by the Providence papers that the completion of the Croton water works was to have the 26th of this month, to which the whigs not only of sition upon the governor of Rhode Island for the deniken place in the city of New York or. vesterday. The thesiatc

, but of the nation, are invited. The Lexington livery to the proper authorities of the former state of lengih of the aqueduct is 41 miles; capacity of the dis. Observer saystribution reservoir 21,000,000 gallons, capacity of the re

“It is proposed that the whigs of Kentucky hold, om the Col. Willia. Blodget and others, who during the ceiving reservoir 150,000,000 gallons available capacity day wined for the barbecue, a stale convention at Frank- recera rebellion in Rhode Island, arrested within the of the Croton Lake reservoir 500,000,000 gallons. Dis. fori, for the nomination of our disanguished fellow citi-bounds of Massachusetts certain persons in arms charge in 24 hours 24,000,000 gallons; idth of the aque: zen for the presidency.

against the government of Rhode Island, and who ductil' e 7 feet 5 inches; depth 6 lcei 6 inches; descent

had fled into Massachusetts. per mile 13; inches.

HEALTH OF New Orleans. At New Orleans, on

the 4th instant, four new cases of yellew fever were SILK CONVENTION. CORNSTALK MOLASSES.

A New England silk convenThe

Wabash Courier gives admitted into the hospitals. Five deaths by that dis- tion was held at Northampton, Mass., on the 20th an account of the successful manufacture of corn. ease occurred on the same day.

ult. Hon. Edward Dickinson, of Amhert, was electstalk molasses in Vigo county, Indiana. "It appears by the following extract from the Tippecanoe Jour- HEMP James D. Breckenridge, residing near Louis.ed president. A large number of delegates from nal. that the same experiment has been made suc. ville, Kv., raised this year twenty tons of clear rotied various parts of the New England states were precessfutly in another section of the state:

hemp, said, by the editor of the Louisville Journal to be sent, and many letters from practical silk growers “We were presented, a few days ago, with a bot- superior to any Russia hemp ever imported into this were read. tle of a beautiful clear and fine-flavored molasses conntry: The Louisville Journal state: a duck inanu.

Gey. Scott is now on his anmal inspection tour along manufactured from cornstalks, by Mr. James Brown, factory is soon to be established in that city.

ih northern frontier. fle arrived a: St. Louis on the 3011 of Randolph township, in this county. It looks very INSURANCE IN GREAT Britain. The total amount ul. froin the lakes, and intended leaving in a few days much like strained honey, and, to our taste, is alto- of property insured against loss by fire in the three for Washington city. gether preferable to the article manufactured from kingdoms, for the year 1841, was £735,000,000; the

SMUGGLING. M. T. N. Parmlee, government agent, the sugar cane. Mr. Brown has four acres of corn gross amount of farming stock insured was £50,000,- has just returned from Canada, where he has discover which he planted expressly for the purpose of manu-000.

ed vast preparations making to smuggle all kinds of facturing it into molasses and sugar, and he expects to commence the manufacture in a few days. He

London Times-newspaper. During the months of goods into the United Sa’es, at various points of the has constructed a machine or mill for grinding the April, May and June, the editors of the London lines. He has forwarded to Washington Lis first restalks, which runs with two horses, and is capable Times paid for duties on advertisements, the sum of port on smegling-and will set out in a few dausto

seize smugglers and their valuables in great quantities. of producing from one hundred to one hundred and £3,985, or nearly $19,000.

(Clipper 13th. fisly gallons of the juice of the cornstalk per day. LIBRARIES. They measure libraries by the mile in Hon. SIMUEL L. SOUTHARD. The Newark Daily Ad. He is much pleased with his first experiment. al- the old world. A London paper states that the versieer says. "The munerons friends of the laie Vir. though the cora, he thinks, had not attained suffi- length of the shelves in the new portion of the Bri- Southard will be grafilied to learn that Pruftspor Diel, of cient age. Out of three gallons of the juice, as it tish Museum is eight miles, those in the library at the College of New Jersey, at the request of the family came from the mill, he had nearly five pints of mo- Munich 15 miles, and those of the king's library in of the deceased, bas esgaged to prepare an edition of lasses. Fersons wishing to see a specimen of this Paris 20 miles. The first contains 260,000 volumes, his speeches and addresses, whicli will be published in new species of manufacture, can be gratified by cal- the second 500,000, and the third 650,000.

Jue season in a large octavo volume, with a memoir by

the editor. ling on the editor of this paper.”

Naval. Dr. Gillou, of the navy, and lately atDECATUR. A portion of the service of plate present- tached to the exploring expedition. was found guilty ralj says. "The girls who, a few weeks ago, tied from

THE TARIFF AND THE GIRIS. The Newburyport fleed 10 coirmudore Decatur by the city of Baltimore for of the charges preferred against him, by the court Lowell, Nassau, Manchesier, Exeter, Dover, Great one of his brilliant naval viewries over the English in martial, at New York, and sentenced to dismissal Fulls, and other manufac uring villages in New Eng. the last war, was sold at auction in New York

on Tues, from the service. The president, however, commut- land, to their many and scattered homes, are beginning day last. The purchaser was the hon. John Barney of ed the sentence to one year's suspension, without w find their way back at the call,of the manufacturers, this city.

.
pay or emoluments.

w the villages they had deseried.”
The DSNAMOMETER. This invaluable instrument ori.
Lieut. Noble has been acquitted of all the charges

THE OLDEN TIME. A correspondent of the Bosginally consiructed for measuring the relative strength of men and animals, is now brought to such perfection upon which he was tried before the naval court mar- ton Courier. gives the following table of the num

ber of houses in the principal towns in the United that it can be applied with equal facility to machines of lial at New York, and relieved from arrest.

States, in 1785 and '86, as ascertained by the veteran whatever description. The American Institute is now Nicholson COMMISŞIONERS. The Erie Gazette an. philologist Noah Webster, while on a tour through in poseession of a large and effective Dynamomeler, the invension of Mr. Jaires, of Newburypori. This instru- misioners are at last checkmated. An application was

nounces with much eachi:tion that the Nicholson Comm. the country as an itinerant lecturer on the English ment will be applied to all the machinery pui in requisi- made to the supreme court for an appeal from the Ni language: tion at the great fuir of the American Insulite, ai the choison court. This was promptly granted, and all

Porisinuuth, N. H. 450 Philadelphia, & sub. 4.500 request of any gentlemap wishing his powers Iested.

proceedings are stayed unul after the meeting of the legisla

Newburyport,

510 Wilmington, Del. (N. Y. Amer.

Salem,
750 Baltimore,

1,936 Bustori,

2.200 Annapolis, . DEATHS. The hon. Moses Sirong of Rutland Ver. New GRENADA. The congress of New Grenada, as Providence,

560 Fredericktuin, mont, died in that village on Saturday week. He had appears by the journals of bai country, imve directed Newport,

790 Alexandria, long occupied a conspicuous place in ihe politics of that that every still used in the inanufacture of ardent spiri's, Harifud, city,

300 Richmond,

310 capable of making half a barrel of spirits at a time, shall New Haven,

400 Pelersburg, The Norwich Courier announces the death of Gen. pay an excise of thirty dollars per inunt, and that 110 New York,

3.340 Williamsburg, Isham, a distinguislied citizen of Connecticut, at his ro, other stills shali be allowed to be used; that retailers of Albany and suburbs, 550 Charleston, 1,510 sidence in New London. brandy shall pay sixiecn dollars a month, and that a duty | Trenton,

180

ture.

300

state.

20 230

NILES' NATIONAL REGISTER.

Fifth SERIES.-No. 8.-Vol. XIII.)

BALTIMORE, OCTOBER 22, 1812.

(Vol. LXIII.-WHOLE No. 1,621.

THE PAST-THE PRESENT--FOR TIIE PUTURE,

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED, EVERY SATURDAY, BY JEREMIAN HUGHES, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

CANADIAN POLITICS.

The cotton factory of Messrs. Lockwood & Thorn- The three principal streets affected, namely, CONTENTS OF NO. 8, VOL. 13. ton, Black-friars street Salford, has been destroyed by Crompton street, Formoy street, and Neptune street, FOREIGN AFFAIRS.

fire. The mill, machinery and stock, were insured and nearly opposite the Borough goal, run east and NATIONAL AFFAIRS-army-Davy.

for the sum of £18,500, and this will probably cover west, between Great Howard street (in which the STATES OF THE UNIOR--Maine, Vermont, R. Island, the whole of the loss.

prison stands) and Waterloo road, close to the docks. New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Alabama, Mis.

The three streets and their boundaries, east and souri.

EDWARD EVERETT. Mr. Everett, the American MISCELLANEOUS. minister, was among the guests at the dinner of the west, occupy an area of from six to seven acres, and

nearly every building within this space has been deWaltham agricultural socity, BALTIMORE AND OHIO RAIL ROAD--16h annual re- In proposing the health of Mr. Everett, the duke crammed with costly merchandise, have been sud

stroyed. Piles of warehouses and extensive sheds, port of the president and directors.

of Rutland reminded the company that, to show denly reduced to heaps of heterogeneous and almost CROTON WATER WORKS-celebration, and addresses of the importance of the commercial relations between valueless matter. There have been destroyed 45,908 Messrs. Sieveus and Laurence.

the U. States and Great Britain, of the £15,000,000 bales of cotton, 250 casks of tallow, 8,600 barrels of CHRONICLE.

of cotton exported by the United States, £10,000,000 turpentine, 800 sacks of flour, 2,209 barrels of flour, are, in times of prosperous trade, taken by Great Bri: 60 tons of cod oil, rice and sugar, the cargo of the

tain, for which America takes back £7,000,000 worth ship Bland, from Calcutta; besides unknown quantiFOREIGN ARTICLES. of our manufactures.

ties of flour, India rubber, sperm oil, tallow, bark, Although desiring to avoid political discussion, he Indian corn, rustic, and other foreign produce. GREAT BRITAIN. wished to refer to the recent modification of the corn

But it is impossible to form any thing like an acThe Cunard steamer Britannia Captain Hewit, ar- law and its probable effect on the commercial interrived at Boston on the 18th instant. She sailed from course between Great Britain and the United States, curate estimate of the total loss entailed by the dis

astrous event. The opinions hazarded on the subLiverpool on the 4th instant. The Britannia brought &c. &c.

ject have been various, the greatest amount being fourteen passengers from Liverpool to Halifax, and Duties ON TOBACCO. The American chamber of £700,000, and the least £400,000. Perhaps a mean eighty-six from Liverpool and twelve from Halifax commerce of Liverpool has addressed a memorial to between these two sums, which would give £550,000, to Boston.

the government respecting the heavy duties on to- may be near the mark. A meeting of the agents The pracket ship, Independence, capt. Nye, arriv. bacco. The memoralists represent that an immense representing the different fire insurance offices took ed at N. York on the 16th inst.

amount of the tobacco is sent into the country, place in the underwriter's committee room, Mr. N. The most important news is the account of the and that, if the duty was lowered, the revenue D. Bold in the chair. After comparing notes on the great fire at Liverpool. The amount of cotton de- would not lose, as the consumption would increase engagements of each office having liabilities in constroyed is estimated at 36,474 bales. Capt. Nye re- and the expense of protecting ihe revenue would be nection with this destructive event, the following ports that it was set down at 60,000 bales when he lessened.

was reported as the result: The Sun 247.000; Globe left. The loss in cotton alone exceeds the whole amount of damage by the great fire in 1802, which

THE ALLEGED CHArtist CONSPIRACY AT SOUTH- £40,000; Royal Exchange £30,000; Phenix £30,000; was estimated at £323.000. As the fire occurred extraordinary story, told by a Mr. Pierce, a grocer: Union £20,000; West of England £20,000; Alliance Ampton. Particulars have recently appeared of an. York and

London L25,000; Imperial £20,000; Scotch

London Corporation £30,000; Liverpool £25,000; on the 23d, and the Independence left on the 25th, at Southampton, who was formerly a leader of the there was hardly time for the Liverpool cotton mar- chartists in that town. as to an alleged chartist plot to dian £7,000; Yorkshore £5,000; Norwich Union

£13,000; Atlas £12,000; Manchester £10,000; Guarket to be affected, and yet holders, as will be seen by the report, were asking already advance.

assassinate the queen, Pierce stating that because he At least 35 lives were, it is supposed, lost.

would not join it, his life was threatened and after- $3,600; County £3,300; North British £3,000; LonH. M. ship. Warspite, on board of' which Lord wards attempted. He produced a hat through which don Union £7,000. Total liabilities £350,900.

It is now our painful duty to speak of the casualties on the 23d of Sept. Ashburton sailed from this country, arrived at Deal , a bullet had evidently passed. Fierce described the which occurred at the fire, which were, as usual in

attempted assassination as taking place on the 6th ult. such cases, greatly exaggerated by the tongue of ruThe Dutch Boers at Port Natal, in South Africa, sailant as a man about 38 or 40 years of age, and five been fearfully great, and the loss of life has been deat Houndwell, Southampton. He described the as

mor. Taking them at the best, however, they have have submitted to the British troops sent against feet seven inches high, with dark complexion. The them.

plorable. secretary of state was induced, from the representaInformation having been received in England that tions of Pierce, to offer a reward of £50, which re

Of those buried beneath the fallen ruins it is imthe Texan blockade of the ports of Mexico was ward was further augmented by an additional £50 possible to form any correct notion. The prevalent not enforced, an official notification has appeared from Pierce.

opinion of those employed at the fire, from the comin the Gazette, saying that the blockade “is held by her majesty's government to be null and of no ef- but too general opinion was that the whole affair was this is an exaggerated notion, for in the confusion at

Matiers remained statu quo for some days, and the mencement, was, that not less than eighteen or twen

ty had been thus destroyed. We hope, however, that fect."

An extensive forgery of the name of Corrie & Co. a hoax. on Thursday morning John Gifford, a man tendant on incidents so fearful, nothing could be of Liverpool and on the Branch Bank of England, at man employed uccasionally on the Southampton river,

answering the description in the Police Gazette, as a known with certainty. Liverpool, has been committed.

was brought to the town hall

, before Mr. Dickson, troyed:-Four warehouses (Gray's), burnt; one ditto

The following is an account of the buildings desFOREIGN Harvests. The harvest is almost en- mayor. The man who had been the means of ap: (Taylor's), ditto; two ditto (Rayner's), ditto; two tirely gathered in throughout the east of Europe; and prehending Gifford, admitted on his cross examina- ditto (Poole's), ditto; four ditto (Maw's), diito; one we are enabled to furnish the following comparative tion, that he had recently been indicied for felony: ditto (Roger's), fire proof, partially on fire, but subestimates, collected from the most accurate accounts: as well as one of his brothers, who is now in prison; sequently extinguished; two ditto (Rayney's), south, In Silesia, there has been a good average harvest.

and he further admitted that the person now in cus

barnt; one shed (Rayner's) ditto; two sheds (HorsIn Poland, in Gallicia, and in the Duchy of Posen, tody was in the same way concerned in the prosecu- ley's), Nepture street, ditto; one large shed (Mcthere has been a decidedly good harvest, and the tion against both him and his brother. The magis- Knight's), west of the above, ditto; Taylor's coopsame may be said with respect to Russia.' In Hun- trates remanded the prisoner.

crage, Molyneux's timber yard, cart-honses, stables, gary, the crops have been most satisfactory; and in Several of the chartist leaders, including Feargus a row of about sixteen houses, and a large amount the Bannat, which is regarded as the granary of the O'Connor, have been arrested on a charge of conspir- of property, of various descriptions, burni. country, they have been doubly as productive as ing to promote sedition. those of last year. In Transylvania and the Turkish

FOREIGN PROVISIONS.-Somewhat of a sensation has provinces, the harvest has also been most plentiful.

THE GREAT FIRE at Liverpool. The particulars been produced in the neighborhood of Chard by the Similar abundance has also been experienced in Mo- of the great fire in Liverpool, are as follows: introduction of American pork and beef, retailed at ravia. Everywhere the grain is of good quality, and

Liverpool, Friday morning.

from 31 to 4; per lb. The anxiety manisested by yields from 15 to 20 per cent. more flour ihan in hu

Most EXTENSIVE FIRE. A fire, the most exten- the people to obtain cheap food was not slow in manimid years. It may therefore he fairly predicted, that, sive and destructive that has occurred

in this town festing itself, and the first consignment of pork was in the east of Europe, the price of wheat will fall in- for many years past, broke out about 3 o'clock this cleared in a few hours, more being expected this stead of rising, even though foreign demands should morning in a paint manufactory and oil wharehouse week. The importation of meat excites a good deal be very great.

in Paisley street, which is a small street leading of alarm among the graziers, who anticipate, in con

from Great Howard street to Bath street. It is sur sequence, a serious depreciation of prices; for, if proPrince Albert and the Queen are to make a visit rounded by warehouses and sheds used for bonded visions are rendered at such law rates now in anticito Brighton about the end of October. The queen goods, and filled with produce to the top. From the pation of the reduction of import duty, which comes has received four beautiful horses from the queen of inflammable nature of the materials, and a stifi into operation on the 10th instant, they will be conSyain.

breeze from the N. W. blowing at the time, the fire siderably lower after that time. The quality of the The steamer Columbia arrived at Liverpool 1st ito spread with inconceivable rapidity, extending up to American provisions is pronounced to be excellent. stant.

the front of Great Howard street, and across Forn. The death of the marquis Wellesley, took place The price of iron had advanced El per ton. For by street, and up.to Neptune street, covering an ex- at Kingston house, Brompton, on Sunday, the 2d most descriptions of produce prices have declined, tent of two acres of ground.

instant. He was born in 1760, and consequently was very extensive parce's having been forced upon the

The fire, whether we regard the calamity in re- in the 820 year of his age. His lordship was eldest market both at public and private sale.

spect to the rapidity with which it spread, its extent, brother of the duke of Wellington, and was created There has been a protracted dronght in Germany; the destruction of property, or the loss of life, is Marquis Wellesley in 1799. the grass and clover are burnt up; the peasantry ea- equally certain to excite painful feelings at the pre- An individual, has been arrested and held to bail geriy sell their live stock; and the greatest tears are sent moment, while it will form the subject of a on a charge of being the author of the great fire in entertained of short provisions for the winter, gloomy record in the annals of the town hereaster. Liverpool, which occurred on the 24th ult,

Vol. XIII-310. 8.

PASSENGERS.

The American tariff has been a chici topic of con- It would appear that the French government, confi-| rubles. Several houses, and 40 warehouses with versation in mercantile circles both in England and 'dent of the maintenance of peace, contemplates in-goods have also been destroyed by fire in the city of France, and is complained of as virtually prohibitive mense reductions in the land forces of France. Jaroslaff. of many important articles heretofore imported into According to the Courier Francais, "the English the United States from either country. The ani- cabinet was on the point of making another conces: of-the-line, a new 74, going from Archangel to the

Loss of A RUSSIAN MAN-OF-WAR. A Russian shipmadversions of the British press are strongly indica- sion to the United States, by throwing open the har- Baltic for her stores, was lost on the coast of Nortive of angry political feeling. bours of Great Britain to American wheat.” •"This

way, off Christiansand, with about 400 men. The The Ashburton treaty has been the theme of much exception in favour of America," it says, may be re: wind was a high northerly gale, off the land, and it discussion-many of the papers affirming that this garded as a measure of reprisal against Russia and is not known whether she sprang a leak or was out country has the worst of the bargain.

ihe German states, who are endeavouring to prohibit of her reckoning. The mission of the right honorable Henry Ellis to the products of English manufacture.

THE EAST. Brazil, respecting the near termination of the com- The accounts received in Paris from Burgundy and mercial treaty with that country, has attracted con- Bordeaux, state that the vintage (now nearly comple

Accounts from Constantinople of the 7th ult. are siderable attention. The object is understood to be ted,) would be the finest, in respect to quality, known given in the Augsburg Gazette of the 22d ult. They

state that a collision had again taken place between the obtaining of a modification, if not an abandon- since 1811. ment of a design of the Brazilian government to lay

the Maronites and Druses, in which lives were lost heavy import duties upon British manufactures.

Frencu LOAN TO Egypt. We have just learned on both sides, and that the pasha had been obliged to The effect of the concessions in the British tariff from undoubted authority, that Artim Bey, the confi- interfere. According to the same letter a camp of are beginning to show themselves. Foreign produce dential secretary of Mehemet Ali, is on his way to 20,000 or 25,000 men was to be formed near Malatia, is rapidly coming into competition with that of our Paris for the purpose of negotiating there a Joan of and fresh reinforcements had been sent to Erzeroum.

between £2,000,000 and £3,000,000, for which it is By accounts from Belgrade of the 9th ultimo, we home agriculturists. Accounts from different parts of the country agree in stating that the fall in the confidently stated 6 per cent. per annum will be of- learn that a provisional government, consisting of the prices of live stock has taken place to a considerable fered. It is also stated that the Pasha will give as a primates and the chiefs of the insurrection, had been

guarantee the export duties on cotton. On these organized for Servia, with the concurrence of the extent.

Up to this time, howerer, the quantity of foreign terms there is little doubt that the loan will be readi- iwo Turkish pashas of Belgrade. Prince Michael cattle imported has borne a very insignificant pro-lly taken; our surprise, however, was not slight when has been invited to return to Belgrade, but upon conportion to the home bred broughi to market.

we learned that it was about to be negotiated at ditions to which he had refused to accede. The EngLetters from Paris state that the frequent confer- Paris. In England we have reason to believe that, lish, French, Austrian and Russian consuls at Bela ences between Lord Cowley and M. Guizot are like- with the offered security, the loan could be had on grade are stated to have protested against the expully to result in the adoption of a commercial treaty, to much more advantageous terms than those which sion of Prince Michael, and to have expressed great be followed by the ratification on the part of France, were offered to French capitalists.

disapprobation at the support given by the Turkish of the hithertj repudiatel convention for extending

The Sentinelle of Toulon states that the Ville de pashas to the parties who rose in arms against their the limits within which a mutual right of search Marseilles is not only to carry out to Rio Janeiro the sovereign. shall be in force.

minister plenipotentiary, Baron de Langsdorf but he A correspondent at Constantinople states that the The news from the Cape of Good Hope is very is also to be present at the fetes which were to take porte inclines to yield to the recommendation of the welcome, after the gloomy rumors that had previous place on the occasion of the marriage of Peter JI., great powers for restoring the peace of Syria—that ly arrived. Captain South, of the 27th Regiment Emperor of Brazil, with a princess of the house of recommendation being the nomination of a Maronite with his little detachment, were relieved on the 26th Naples. Another vessel, which it is supposed Ad- prince and a Druse prince to govern each their peoof June, by a force under lieutenant-Colonel Cleete, miral Cazy will make his flag-ship, is also to sail to ple, subject to the control of a Turkish governor-infrom the difficult situation in which they have been Rio. The Belle Poule, the same journal declares, is chief.

TEXAS. placed by the success of the insurgent boors at Port to repair to Rio with her captain, the Prince de JoinNatal. The accounts only include the fact of the re- ville, and one of the Emperor of Brazil's sisters is to Loss Of A STEAMER, AND Eight OF HER CREW AND lief; they do not mention any subsequent events.

return with Admiral Casy to be married to the

Prince. (The British Government steam-ship Spitfire was

The steam packet Merchant, Capt. Boylan, les N.Orwrecked on the 6th instant on her voyage from Jamai

The Paris papers contain little news; but are filled leans for Galveston on the evening of Sunday the 2d

inst. with freight, and about 70 passengers, among ca to Balize, on Halfmoon Key Reet. She had on with disquisitions on the Ashburton treaty. board a detachment of the 3d W. I. Regiment, consis

whom were sixteen of the Santa Fe captires return

The MARQUES AS Islands in the Pacific. it appears ing to Texas. On the next day the Merchant took a ting of 6 officers, 140 men, with 40 women and chil- are about to be taken possession of by the French go- violent gale of wind and was stranded near the Island dren, and a crew of 67 officers and men.

All were vernment. A letter of the 24th of June last, from of Caio, on the morning of the 4th, dividing in sared but one black soldier, but the vessel and every H. B. Blackler, Esq., American consul at the So- two abast the wheelhouse. The wreck was carthing attached to her, were totally lost.]

ciety Islands to Atkins Adams, Esq. in Fairhaven, ried immediately towards the beach, and thus the LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. Friday, Sept. 30. says:

greater number of the crew and passengers were The amount of business in the colton inarket this "Capt. Lane, of the ship Java, late from the Mar- providentially saved. The land reached by the unweek is to a moderate extent, the demand having quesas, reports that the French government are about fortunate passengers and crew, was discovered to be been extremely limited during the latter part of it; taking possession of the group. A large frigate was the West Temalier or Last Island. After remaining notwithstanding the loss by fire of 41,947 bags, con- there under Admiral Dupetit Thomas, and several there several hours, a small schooner was seen at the sisting of 482 Sea Island, 33,181 American, 262 Per- transports were hourly expected to arrive. A garri- back of the island.' On being signaled she approachnambuco, 72 Maranham, 50 Bahia, 158 Egyptian, son of eighty men had been stationed at Resolution ed and took off the captain and some of the passen7,500 Surat, and 300 Madras, the market has been bay, and the irigate had gone to Nukehina for the pur- gers. On the 5th inst. she fell in with the Belle of pretty well supplied, and in the early part of the pose of taking formal possession of the Island. No Attakapas, on board of which the party were receivweek a partial advance of d. per lb. was obtained doubt is entertained of the correctness of the report." | ed, and the schooner

despatched to the wreck for the on the common and middling qualities of American

(.New Bedford paper. remainder. descriptions, but it has since been entirely lost, and

PORTUGAL

When the Merchant first struck, the report of two prices of all kinds are now the same as on Friday A change of ministry has taken place in Portugal, pistol shots were heard, and it was found that one last. The sales of the week amount to 16,620 bags, and a new cabinet has been formed. of which speculators have taken only 1,200 bags of The new ministry is composed as follows; Maria de W. Barker, had, probably in a phrenzy, of despair,

of the passengers, a young gentleman named Jonan American, and exporters 300 American and 150 Su. Souza, justice, in place of M. M. E. Carvalho; M. shot himself-having, it was conjectured, previously

Falcao, marine, in place of M. Campelo; Gomez de shot another, whose name is unknown, and whose reTo-day's demand for cotton has been moderate, and Castro, foreign affairs. Terceira will hold the port mains washed overboard. the sales amount to only 2,500 bags. Prices are folio until the arrival of Castro at Lisbon. without alteration.

The following are given by the New Orleans Bee,

GERMANY. Saturday. Oct. 1. To-day's demand for cotton has

from which we derive the above particulars, as the been extremely limited, and the sales amount to only A letter from Cologne, 21st ult. says:-The town names of the persons who perished: Wm. Leonard, a 200 bags, which consist of various descriptions, in- of Rheinbach, which forms part of our district, was, deck hand, drowned; James Mather, a fireman, do; cluding 300 or 400 Surat. Jis difficult to effect sales, broke out in the morning, and, owing to a deficiency Jonah W. Barker, shot himself; man unknown, a pas

White, a Santa Fe prisoner, and two others; owing to the dullness of the market, but prices are without alteration.

of water, it soon raged with such fury that, before senger, shot by B. One negro slave, drowned. Monday, Oct. 3. To-day's demand for cotton has the evening half the town was in ashes. Fortunately

CANADA. been moderate, and the sales amount to only 3,000 a heavy shower of rain fell at about four o'clock in bags, which consist of various descriptions. The the afternoon, and arrested the progress of the flames, with the following speech from Sir Charles Bagot.

The session of parliament closed on Wednesday market is on the whole pretty steady, although the More than 100 families are without an asylum. demand is dull.

The king of Hanover had entirely recovered from Honorable gentlemen of the legislative council, and gen

tlemen of the legislative assembly: HAVRE MARKETS. A Havre circular, of Sept. 24, his late attack of illness. says our cotton imports this week amounted to 3,000

RUSSIA.

Although I anticipated, when I called you together, bales at a reduction of 1 to 2 from ordinary qualities:

that your considerations might have been given at the

The emperor of Russia left St. Petersburg on the present session to such public business of importance stock 163,000 bales. To-day the market was pretty 13th ult. for Kiew. His majesiy was to proceed as seemed to require your early attention, yet I am brisk, nearly 1,000 bales having already, before thence to Wosnesinsk, where he was to review the induced by reasons of public convenience, and with a change been sold.

troops assembled in the neighborhood. FRANCE.

view to an early resumplion of our joint labors, to The Paris Commerce, asserts, on the authority of a to be unfavorable to the Russian arms.

The news from Circassia and Daghestan continue put a close to the present session. Washington correspondent, that immediately after

I have to thank you for the zeal and assiduity with the conclusion of the late treaty with Great Britain the We have received here the melancholy news that the measures in which the short period of the sessions

A letter from St. Petersburg, dated Sept. 16, says: which you have considered and perfected the various American cabinet had addressed to the French minis- greater part of the city of Kasan has been destroyed been occupied. These, I trust, will be an earne ter a nole, declaring that, although the union was wil- by fire." It is stated that 1,200 houses (400 of which the country of the principles by which I am guid ling to co-operate with all the powers to enforce upon were of stone), 12 churches, the extensive magazine, and of the advantages which may be expected from American citizens the strict observance of its laws and the university, are reduced to ashes. The details the cordial and united efforts of the several branche against the slave trade, “at no period and on no ac- bave not yet come to hand. count wouid it ever permit a foreign nation to exer

of the provincial legislature. cise a right of sovereignty on board American ves great loser by this fire. The shares which were The second St. Petersburg insurance company is a Gentlemen of the house of Assembly:

I thank you, in the name of her majesty, for the li1 lately sold at 410 to 415 rubles, are now sold at 240 berality with which you voted the supplies requisite

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