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for the public service; and for your ready co-operationed, a fact, we may remark in passing, which would

FRANCE. in carrying on the views of her majesty's govern- testify against the policy of prohibitive doctrines, The following article extracted from a French

which we have said, have obtained very little place paper by the New York French Courier of the 18th Honorable Gentlemen and Gentlemen:

in the German tariff. The quantity of cotton which Oct. affords a comprehensive view of the present In relieving you for the present from farther at the German association consumed six years ago was state of the steam navigation of France: tendance in your legislative capacity, I would ex- not valued at more than eight millions kilogrammes; press my confident hope, that when you return to from recent statistics published by the “State Ga

STEAM NAVIGATION. “Though government is proyour homes, you will use your just influence in pro- zette of Prussia," it would amount al present to eceding, but slowly in. naval construction its example moting in your several districts that unanimity and seventeen millions. It is the same case with cotton is not followed by the individual industry of our good feeling which it has been my endea sor to esta- thread, the importation of which at present would country; for steam vessels are now covering our blish, and in diffusing those hopes of permanent peace reach twenty-five millions of kilogrammes; the ex- coasts and rivers, and an honorable rivalry prevails and prosperity, in which I trust you will unite with port of tissues of German fabric, would follow al- in our ports. Steam navigation has scarcely existed me in believing that we may now, under Providence, most the same rate of progress. 'Saxony in parti- in France more than eleven years. At the period of be permitted to indulge.

cular has made immense and rapid progress in the the expedition to Algiers, we had scarcely five steam The honorable the speaker of the legislative coun- spinning of cotton and linen and the weaving of vessels at the port of Toulon, and their construction cil then declared the provincial parliament prorogued silks and woollen stuffs; considerable capital is en- was so bad, that the Sphinx is the only one of the to the 18th day of November next.

gaged in these branches; the manufacture las multi-five, that is still in active service; the Soufleur, NaTHE NEW WHEAT TARIFF. The provincial parlia-plied to a vast degree, and there, as wherever are es- geur, and the Ville de Havre, have been condemned.

tablished the use and need of great industrial pro- It is true, the Sphinx has fine English engines which ment was prorogued on the 12th instant until the 18th duction, the apprehension of foreign competition and have served as patterns for all the packet boats of day of November next. The governor general gave the serious manufacturing oscillations which it draws 160 horse power, that we have constructed since his assent to a number of bills passed by parliament. Among these we find one "to provide for the free on, has excited fears and reclamations; the tariff 1830.

The ministry of marine has caused to be construcdom of elections throughout the province:” Another has been thought by certain minds as not sufficiently to “raise by loan in England £1,500.000 sterling, for protective for the national industry; a congress has ted for the service, near 50 steam vessels; of which

in fine been solicited and obtained at Stuttgard, to we now have in a state suitable for navigation 35, of the construction and completion of certain public determine the questions of the tariff and duties, on which 4 are of 220 horse, 22 of 160, and 9 of less charter and increasing the capital stock of the Com- which the German commercial confederation is con- power. Of this number, 8 are specially designed sidered as depending.

for service between Toulon, Algiers, Oran aud Bona; mercial Bank of the Midland district and the Bank of Upper Canada.

To this commercial congress, most of the great 3 are hospital packet vessels for the conveyance of The bill to impose, a duty upon foreign wheat have already sent their delegates; pacific plenipo- for the ports of France or for the colonies; and the

states of the continent, the American union itself, the sick from the army of Africa; 6 perform service imported into Canada,” the governor reserved for tentiaries charged with debating henceforth questions remaining !8 for stations, the service of squadrous; thereon." This is the usual course with bills of this not of bloody contest or territorial acquisitions, but and for various objects. There are always one-halt character. It will, therefore, be two or three months of labor and of popular welfare for international undergoing repair. So much for the military mabefore it is positively known whether this important ameliorations. The State Gazette announced late- rine; of which we are treating of those which alreabill is or is not to become a law. We believe that ly that the conferences among the deputies at Stutt- dy exist, ani not those still in the course of conit will be approved; but at the same time we do not gard were proceeding with the most lively interest. siruction or which have not yet their machinery.

The ministry of finance possesses 10 packet boats believe that the home government will sanction the Fear is awakened in England and Belgium at the suggestioa of some of the friends of the bill, that collon and iron fabrics being threatened, it is said, which perform service for despatches and passenwheat from the United States, after having paid the with an exclusion from the German association, or gers between Marseilles and Malta, ria: Leghorn, Canadian duty, may pass into England as Canadian at least with their being charged with very heavy Civita-Vecchia, and Naples; between Malta and Conwheat. That, after all, is the important point. If duties. An increase of tax on marinos and woollen stantinople, via: Syra. Smyrna, and the Dardanel that right is not extended to American wheat, the bill nousselines is likewise contemplated, to counterbal- and between Athens and Alexandria, tour

...me at will operate as a severe check upon the Welland ance the importation of the French fabrics of the Syra. canal commerce, and effectually exclude the further same materials. The Prussian silk manufactures al

The above form at present tie lines in the stato shipment of American wheat for the Canadian mar- tion for its products, which, notwithstanding the service. The following are nose which are carried ket.

[Rochester Democrat.

perfection they have already attained, meet a formi- on by private enterprise; at sea, from Marseilles to dable rivalry from those of Lyons and Nismes,

Algiers; from Marseiles to Naples, touching at GeFOREIGN MISCELLANY.

In the re-arrangement of the imposts of the cas, noa, Leghorn, and Civita-Vecchia; from Marseilles

toms union, which coincides with the remarkabic to Cadiz, touching at Port-Vendres, Rosas, Barcelo GERMANY.

industrial developement of the countries which the na, Torragon, Valencia, Alicant, Carthagena, AlmeSTUTTGARD. COMMERCIAL UNION. There is now association comprises, the countries which furnish ria, Malaga, Adra, Gibraltar; from Marseilles ta in progress in the German Customs union (Zollve- the first materials have every thing to gain; for it is Agde, touching at Cette; from Marseillos to Arles; rein) a movement which merits the attention of probable the duties upon these materials will be from Marseilles to Cannes; from Marseilles to Nice statesmen as well as of men having business with peculiarly lightened. The high commercial pros- from Toulon to Ajaccio, and Bastia (Corsioa); from Germany. The Zollverein has arrived at that epoch perity of the Zollverein depends upon this; it de Toulon, to la Segue; from Calvi, to Leghorn, touchof its progress in which conformably with the legisla- pends likewise, it may be added, on the markets it ing at Cagliari (Sardinia); from Havre to Honfleur, tion adopted for its regulation of customs, it is called may create for the products of its manufactures to Caen, lo Cherbourg, to Dunkirk, to Morlaix, to upon to determine whether it will maintain or modi- The statesmen of Prussia are too enlightened not to Bordeaux, to Southampton, to London, to Rotterfy its tariffs. It is known that up to the present time, make use of the means which should ensure the uam, to Hamburg, 10 St. Petersburg: from Dunkirk the tariff of the association has been in general mo- maintenance and increase of the national industry. ing at Copenhagen; from St. Valery-sur-Seine la

lo Rotterdam, to liamburg. to St. Petersbure, touchderate and is conceived much less with views of com- The league, we have stated, has rapidly raised it- London, from Dieppe to Brighton; from Bolesne mercial restriction than of fiscal interest, little ex. self to manufacturing and industrial power. To to Dover, and to London; from Calais to Dover, and acting in itself, and that Prussia for herself has ta- support that, it has a market of 27 millions in popu- to London; from Brest to Landernau arted to Port ken care to advance wisely her own financial inte- lation, and this forms certainly an immense inlernal Launay, touching at Lanvero, Korronan, and Lanrests in particular, by combining in the system in demand for its products; but this alone is no longer devenec; from l'Orient to Bordeaux; from Nutes to such manner as to leave the other states of the union sufficient for its increasing manufactures. The as- Brest and to Bordeaux; from bodde aux to Namies, a relatively greater part in the distribution of the gene- sociation is possessed of scarcely any marine, and to Havre, to l'Orient; from St. Jalo and de Gran, ral revenue of the league. We say “wisely," for it is by meets in the markets of England, Belgium and ville to Guerlisey and Jersey similar acts of practical and culightened liberalism France, formidable rivals and often invincible comthat Prussia is constantly consolidating the political petitors. Its future fortune, its principles and the

On streains and rivers, viz: from l'arts to St. Cloud, patronage which she has allained to in Germany. The most powerful resources of its commerce are then

Ompeigne, Rouen, Corbeil, Molun, Montereau degree of the tariff of the league will be sufficiently in the east and south of the continent. Austria, Po- from Rouen to Havre; from Reenos lo la Roche conceived by remarking the sum of the total reve- land, Russia, and the vasts provinces beyond the Bernard; from l'Orient to Nantes, touching at Belle nue of the Zollverein, which is about eighty millions Danube yet scarcely awakened to the advance of in- Islo and Si. Nazaire; from Metz to Treves, via: of francs for an importation valued by Dietrici at dustry, appear to it as a magnificent field opened for Thionville, Serek, Remies, and to Naney, by Porta over seven hundred millions, one-half of which is its national enterprise, and be it observed, nature a-Mousson; from Nantes to Orleans, by Angers, Sauupon sugars, syrups, coffee, and spices, and nearly seenis lo have done every thing for its advancement mur, Tours, Blois; from Nantes to Paimbeul, to a fourth upou wines, tobacco, and tropical fruits, in those directions. By the Elbe, the Oder, Vistu- l'Orient. to Pornic, to St. Nazaire, to Niort, to Ang which products form commodities of great consump- Ja, and the German Rhine, which will soon be con- gers, to Quimper; from Orleans to Moulins by Gien, tion, but are not, except in tobacco, articles which joined to the Danube, the association reaches either Briaire, Cosne, Sancerre, la Charita, Nevers; from Germany has need to protect. A fourth or more of the heart or bordors of these ditierent parts of the la Rochelle to St. Martin de Re; from Sainies to An, the receipt3, that is to say about eighteen or twenty continent. It can justly aspire then to become one goulemo, by Jarnac and Cognac; and to Rochefort, millions is from the mass of manufactured products, of the principal suppliers, as it is its dury, paced as touching at Tonnay, St. Savinien, Taillebourg; from tissues, threads, iron and wood work, &c. "To com- it is between it and the Hanseatic and Dutch count- Bordeaux to Agen, by Langon, la Ruolo, Marmande, plete the idea of the tariff of the German union, ing houses, to guard its territory so exposed to the Tonneins; to Langon, by Castres, Podensac, Cadila observe that the great generality of the articles bee, course of change between the north and southwest lae; to Mortaigne, by Macau and Blaye; to Pauillac; ing there rated by the quintal, the duty is conse- of the European continent. To form this at the to la Reole; to Royan by ia Marshales from iyong quently found to ailect only in a very light manner, same time a great manufacturing centre 14 a vast to Arles by Vienne, Valence, Pont St. Esprit, Avigoftentimes but insignificantly, those which are of emporium, Prussia has well conceived that neither non, Beaucaire, and Tarascon; from Chalons-surgreat elaboration or value, but of a relatively small imbecile regulations nor vexatious formalities by re- Saone to Lyons, touching at Trevoux, Villefranche, weight or mass, such as the greater part of the tissues strictive duties are necessary. What above all is Belleville, Macon, Tournus; from Aix-les-Bains, (except those of cotton which are heavily taxed) or, necessary for her, is cheapness in products for her Savoy) to Lyons, by Lagnieu, Belley, Chainbery; objects of taste luxury or fashion,

manufactures, which rarely is an attendant of pro- from Strasbourg to Basle, by old Brissach, Mulhouse; It is precisely this combination of duties upon the tective tariffs, and rapid and ready transportation for to Cologne, by Manheim, Mayance, Cobalentz, weight, which forms at this moment the subject of her commerce. She will, without doubt, attain those There are yet other lines in eervice; but we must animated debate in the association. Since the for- objects, and then the Zollverein will open, as Eng recollect that since 1830, steam navigation has been ination of .ne Zollverein, the manufacturing condi. land and France already do, vast markets for the immensely develloped, though it has received but poor tion of the country has been considerably ameliorat- products of our soil.

(French paper.

encouragement, and that the restriction against the

importation of foreign iron has been allowed still to A special messenger of our government lest New following names were reported, and hy the conenduro.

York by the mail line on Sunday evening last for vention accepted, and declared to be the nanies of The several lines in the service of the state have Mexico, with despatches to cur minister. It was de- the "corresponding and executive committee of the a total length of 1,000 marine learnes, those of pri- signed by the government that the Missouri steamer army, navy marine corps and revenue strvice," viz: vate enterprize have a total passage of 1940 hours, should have gone to Mexico from New York, but Capt. Mckenzie, U. S. A., Now York, and taking the mean of 8 kilometres to the hour, we she had left for Savannah when the instructions were Lieutenant Foote, U. S. N., Philadelphia, find their total to be 15,520 kilometres, 3,380 leagues. received.

[Pennsylvanian. Rev. N. Sayre Harris, New York, [French Courier.

Mr. Z. G. D. Kinsley, West Point, NATIONAL INSTITUTE. M. de Bodisco, the Rev. T. S. Harris, chaplain, U. S. N., New York, LORD ASHBURTON. The Philadelphia In Russian minister, has presented to the National Insti- Lieutenant Harwood, U. 8. N., Brooklyn, quirer is indebted to a friend for the following out- stute from the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Pe- Rev. M. P. Parks, chaplain U. 8. M. A. line of this distinguished gentleman, gleaned from tersburg, a complete set of the memoirs of the acade- Various resolutions were read, expressive of the authentic sources:

my, with the memoirs of foreign savans, and also the views of individual members, as to what it was prac"Lord Ashburton, whose name has now become journals published by the academy under the title of ticable for the convention now to attempt in furtherso familiar to the American people in consequence the Scientific Bulletin and Collection of Transactions, ance of the objects for which they had met--theso of the happy termination of our difficulties with and Memoirs which contribute information as to the were referred to the corresponding and executive Great Britain, in the settlement of which he has empire of Russia. His letter is also expressive of committee. borne so distinguished a part, is the second son of the friendly sentiments towards the institution.

The secretary of the convention was directed to late Sir Francis Baring, an eminent merchant of

(N. Y. American. publish a suitable notice of the proceedings of the London, who was born 18th April, 1740, created a

convention. Baronet 29th May, 1793, and who died 12th Sep- THE SECRETARY OF WAR left the city a day

The committee then adjourned. tember, 1810. or two ago on a visit to his residence in New York.

It may not be amiss farther to state, for the infor"Sir Francis had ten children, fine sons and five

Major General Scott returned to the city on Sun- mation of those interested in the objects of the condaughters. The eldest son is the present Sir Tho-day morning from a tour of inspection of the military vention, that the corresponding and executive commas Baring, born in 1772. The second, Alexander, posts on the northern and western frontiers from mittee held its first meeting in the evening after the now Lord Ashburton, who was born 27th October, Lake Ontario, via Mackinaw, to the Mississippi -em- adjournment of the convention, but owing to the in1774, and married. Ann Louisa, eldest daughter of bracing a journey of near four thousand miles, which disposition of one and the necessary absence of anothe late William Bingham, esq., of Philadelphia, (a he performed in thirty-nine days. (.Nat. Int. Oct. 18.

ther member, a majority was not present. They senator of the United States), on 230 August, 1798.

will meet again, in the city of New York, on the 31st The third brother, Henry, was born in 1786, and

inst. when they will take the necessary steps for carwas married to the second daughter of Mr. Bing- SILK AND COTTON. WASHINGTON, Oct. 14th, rying into immediate effect the following objects, ham, from whom he was divorced, after having had 1842. An important decision has just been made by concurred in by the unanimous voice of the convenby her two sons and two daughters. The two bro- the treasury department in relation to the duties on tion: thers, Alexander and Henry, were the leading part- goods composed of silk and cotton; large quantities 1st. They will offer their services as a committee ners in the celebrated banking house under the firm of which are understood to be piled up in the public of correspondence to clergymen wishing a chaplaincy of Baring & Brothers, in London, which from its ex- stores in New York. The rate is fixed at 30 per cent. in either the army or navy, and to military and naval tensive transactions in loans, stocks, &c. accumulat- instead of being levied by weight, as would be the commanders in quest of suitable chaplains. ed great wealth, and was for several years the agent

case if the goods composed of this mixed material 2d. They will seek to procure for publication a of the Bank of the United States, in that city.

were to pay the silk duty. The appraisers in New suitable manual of devotions to be used on occasions "The family of the Barings is 'descended in a di. York were in favor of this rate, but the collector put of either private or public worship, by officers, in the rect line from the Rev. Franz Baring. who was a a different construction on the act, on the ground that absence of a chaplain or other officiating clergyman. clergyman of the Lutheran church, at Bremen, one the goods were subject to duty as if composed entire- 3d. They will prepare and publish a catalogue of of whose sons, John, emigrated to England in the ly of silk. Owing to the manner in which the law tracts, sermons and books suitable for the libraries latter part of the sixteenth century, where he mar- was srained, either construction would be right, and of military and naval stations. ried, and died.

between the two, the government have chosen the one 4th. They will seek by correspondence to awaken "Lord Ashburton obtained his title to the peerage will be issued as speedily as possible. In the mean effort for the improvement of the intellectual, moral

which will produce the most revenue. The circular attention to the importance of sustaining every right by letters patent, April 10, 1835, and in virtue of time letters will no doubt be written to the collectors and religious condition of the services, and for this his office, which he then geld under the ministry as of the principal ports to this effect, to enable the im- purpose they invite the attention of all who are inmint, became a member of the privy council and porters to enter the goods at once, and to relieve their terested in this noble cause.

minds, which are now held in suspense, as to whether one of the cabinet.

The foregoing objects, the subscriber risks nothing they shall pay 30 or 300 per cent. duty. (Express. “The Barony of Ashburton was originally confer

in saying, will engage the early attention of the com

mittee; and they are here indicated, that the public red upon the celebrated lawyer John Dunning, a na

THE ARMY.

may be apprized of the leading objects which the tive of that place, who married a sister of Sir Francis Baring. He was siicceeded by his son Richard, and others, interested in the religious condition of the convention, would seek to promote.

CONVENTION OF OFFICERS of the army and navy, convention and the committee, as the organ of the who was the second Lord Ashburton, and who died without issue in 1825. The Barony thus became ex

All communications intended for the cominittee service. tinct, and remained so until the creation of his cou

Minutes of the proceedings.

should be addressed (postage paid) to the Rev. N.

St. Bartholomero's Church, Sayre Harris, 281 Broadway, N. York. (Signed.) sin, the present Lord Ashburton, who is the third lord holding that litle, and upon whom it was con

City of New York Oct. 5th, 1842.

M. P. PARKS, Sec'y.of the Convention. ferred with reference to the relationship which he meeting of the convention, it was organized by the This being the day and place appointed for the

THE NAVY. sustained to his predecessor. appointment of Colonel Bankhead, U. S. A. chair

The United States steamer Poinsett, arrived at "Lord Ashburton has had a family of nine chil.

New York on the 16th instant in twenty nine hours dren. His two eldest sons William Bingham and Francis, are members of parliament, the first of the views and wishes of their respective authors in

Communications from various quarters, expressing from Norfolk. John A. Davis, lieut. commandant.

NAVAL COURT MARTIAL. The president has been whom is married to a danghter of the earl of Sand relation to the objects of the convention, were receiv- pleased to approve the sentence of lieut. Pinckney, wich, and the second to Clare Hortense. a French ed and read.

which is stated to be six months suspension and a lady, and daughter of the duke de Bassano. The

Whereupon, in order that due consideration might public reprimand. Lieut. Noble, of the Warren, has third son is a clergyman of the Episcopal church.- be given to said communications as well as for the been acquitted; the sentences of the other officers of In the selection of Lord Ashburton as a minister 10 purpose of carrying into effect the views of the con- the ship, have not yet been made public. settle our difficulties with Great Britain, that

0- vention, in relation to the intellectual, religious and THE NAVY TARD AT CHARLESTOWN, (Mass.) The vernment has shown its wisdom and good sense. moral improvement of the military and navalservice, following are the names of vessels at this yard at the The appointment was doubtless made with reserence the following resolutions were unanimously concur- present time. to the talents and business habits of Lord A. and red in:

On the stockswas particularly appropriate, from the fact that his Resolved 1st, That a standing committee of seven Vermont ship-of-thc-line-could be launched and wife and her connections are Americans, and that be appointed, to be styled—“The corresponding and equipped for sea in 120 days: his knowledge of the affairs of this country, grow- executive committee of the army, navy, marine corps ing out of the large commercial transactions he and revenue service.” to whom reference may be

Virginia ship-of-the-line, ditto.

Vessels at the yardhad with our citizens through the banking house of made in all cases, when the intellectual, moral and which he was the head, qualified him in an eminent religious interests of the service are sought to be pro- for sea in 60 days.

The Cumberland, (44 guns)--she could be fitted degree for the responsible situation in which he was moted; and that the said committee be, and they are The frigate Potomac, (44 guns) recently returned placed.

hereby charged with promoting the objects of this from the Brazil station-could be prepared for sea in "In conducting the difficult negotiation with which convention generally, in such wise as to them shall 22 days. he was intrusted to so successful a close, he has seem most expedient; and suthermore, that they be The store ship Erie, (6 guns)-in complete order earned for himself unfading honors, and has shown empowered to fill any vacancies that may occur in for sea. to the world that the motio on his coat of arms— their body until the next meeting of this convention. The brig Bainbridge, carries 10 guns, and is com"Virtus in arduis”-courage in difficulties, is one Resolved 2d, That said committee be required fully pletely ready for sea. which peculiarly in his case is most truly and pro- to report its procecdings to this convention, at its Brig Comet, built for the exploring expedition, perly applied. next meeting

used recently for a receiving ship, at Portland. Resolved 3il, That when this convention adjourn, it Razee Independence, capt. Silas H. Stringham, NATIONAL AFFAIRS.

adjourn to meet in St. Bartholomew's church in the now attached to the home squadron.
city of New York, on the last Wednesday in June, The Ohio, ship-of-the-line. This vessel is used

1843. MEXICAN LEGATION. The bark Eugenia, ar

for a receiving ship. She had on board at one time rived on 15th inst. at New York from Vera Cruz, convention be committed to the corresponding and this time about 196 apprentices under the tuition of

Resolved 41h, That the communication read to this during last summer, about 1,200 hands. There are at brought as passengers, General Alinonte, Mexican executive committee.

a schoolmaster. minister to the Uniled States, J. M. G. La Vega, T. A committee was then appointed by the chair, to The greatest pumber of men employed in the yard, Chanero, A. Almonte, and S. Yturbide, attached to nominate suitable persons to compose the corres- when the work requires it, is 700; at present thero the Mexican legation.

ponding and executive committee, whereupon the are, all told, 250.

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25,154 Westmoreland,

PAIXHAN GUNNERY. A splendid exhibition of the fas a leader, we are satisfied, we shall have nothing

V. B.

Whig. powers of the Paixhan gun, took place at Castle Gar- to fear.”

Chester, Delaware, & Montgoden, New York, on the 11th instant. A target was The Richmond Enquirer, Raleigh Standard, &c.,

mery,

I gain

0 moored on the bay, the gun, carrying 120 pound shot, insist on a convention.

Dauphin and Lebanon,

0

1 fired with a noise more like the bursting of a volcano The Baltimore Patriot of the 18th says: “The Lancaster and York,

0 than the discharge of a cannon-a cloud of smoke Glote continues to attack the late treaty with Eng- Huntingdon, Union, Milin, Juenveloped the fort, and the immense mass of iron land, and through these attacks, aims its blows at niata, and Perry,

0 went bounding along on the water, striking it in one Mr. Calhoun for voting for it! Of late the Globe Lycoming, Northumberland, case six times, at each time throwing up a mass seems to go on the side of Mr. Van Buren for the Centre and Clinton,

1

0 of foam as big as a house; a succession of brilliant presidency.” The Madisonian sees this, and thus Westmoreland,

1

0 pyramids. closes a long article upon the subject:

Washington,

1 “As we intimated the other day, a partisan war Fayeite and Greene,

1 TREATY WITH THE SACS AND FOXES. will soon be made against the treaty. The Missouri Jefferson, M'Kean, Warren, &c. i We learn from the Burlinglon Advertiser, that Go- legislature will strike the first blow. Let our rea. vernor Chambers of Iowa, has received instructions ders mark the prediction. It is not a war against

19

14 to treat with the Sacs and Foxes for their title to the administration-it is not a war against Mr. Web- V. Buren majority 5. the lands which they now occupy in Iowa. It is un- ster—but it is intended, however insidiously, as a

110USE OF REPRESEXTATIVES. derstood that the Indians are now willing to sell their DEATH BLOW TO JOHN CATILINE CAL

V. B. lands, provided they can be allowed to move south HOUN.”

Whig. The Globe used to call Mr. Calhoun the modern Philadelphia city,

Philadelphia county, and west of the Missouri river, whither a portion of

8

0

0 the tribe removed some years since. Gov. Cham- "Catiline,” and it is this the Madisonian signifi

7 Adams,

2 gain bers is the sole commissioner. cantly alludes, in quoting that name as above."

Bedford, The annuities due the Indians were paid at the

1 loss of 1 1 Berks,

4 agency about ten days ago. A census of the tribe

STATES OF THE UNION.

Centre,

1 was taken, and it was found that there was about

Chester,

1 loss of 1 3 2,500 souls, being an increase of 200 since the enu

MAINE.
THANKSGIVING. The governor of Maine has ap: Cumberland,

Columbia, meration last year. This increase has been made by

1
O loss

2 a party of the Missouri Sacs, who had come to the pointed Thursday, the 17th of November, as a day of

Dauphin,

I gain

1 agency a few days previous, and mingled with the thanksgiving in that state.

Delaware,

0

1 tribe, for the purpose of receiving a share of the

Franklin,

1

VERMONT. money. Keokuk and his band had induced the Mis

1 Lancaster,

6 souri Sacs to play this game, and had laid a plan by The legislature met at Montpelier on the 13th which he and his men were to attack the party, af- instant. In the house, hon. Andrew Tracy, of Wood- Lycoming, Clinton, &c.

Lebanon,

0

2 ter they had received the money and take it from stock, was elected speaker. The votes were as fol

Montgomery,

3 them—thereby securing a greater share of the an- fows: Tracy, 122; Viles, 98; scattering, 5. The can. Northampton and Monroe, 3 nuity than would otherwise sall to his share. It was vassing committee reported that the state election

Northumberland,

1 represented to the Missouri Indians that the Sacs of had resulted as follows:

Perry,

1 the Mississippi were rich, and were willing to di

For governor.
Whole No. 53,425
Pike and Wayne,

1 vide with the Missouri Sacs, who were very poor. Charles Paine,

27,167 as an act of charity and good will. Another census Nathan Smilie,

Tioga and Potter,

1

24,130 was taken, the number was found to be about 2,300 Charles K. Williams,

Schuylkill,

1 2,093 Susquehanna,

1 souls-and the sum of $41,000 was distributed by Scattering, About 1,500

Bradford, payment to the heads of families.

1 For lieutenant governor.

Union, Mimin and Juniata, whites were present, some for the purpose of secur- Waitstill R. Ranney,

27,713 ing the payment of debts due to them-others to Edward D. Barber,

1 Venango and Clarion,

2 trade and traffic-and others from curiosity; but the Scattering,

97
Fayette and Greene,

3 most numerous class went with the expectation of a

For Treasurer.

York,

3

0 treaty being held, and to see the country, in order to John Spalding,

O loss secure a good claim should a treaty he formed. The Daniel Baldwin,

24.137 dragoons who were present had some difficulty in Harry Hale,

Mercer,

2 gain of i I gain

0 preserving order, and it is alledged, that they "treat- Scattering,

6
Beaver,

0

2 ed some of the most respectable citizens with inso

Crawford,

2 lence, merely because their curiosity, or perhaps

RHODE ISLAND.

Luzerne and Wyoming,

2

0 their interest, have led them to visit the Indian coun

The Providence Evening Chronicle says that the

Lehigh,

1 loss of 1 try.

(St. Louis Era.
story about Mr. Adams volunteering his services in

Huntingdon,

O loss of 1

2 behalf of Messrs. Pearce and Anthony has no founda

Allegheny,

1 loss of 2 3 THE REPUBLIC OF ECUADOR. tion in truth.

Erie, (estimated)

0 Washinglon, Oct. 19, 1842.

2 The Boston American says also, "we can state

Somerset and Cambria,

2 gain To the Merchants of the United States: from the most unquestioned authority that there is

Indiana, (estimated)

0

1 The minister of foreign affairs of the republic of not one word of truth in the assertion.”

Jefferson, Warren, & M'Kean, 1 Ecuador has officially announced to this consulate, by

Armstrong,

1 a despatch, dated March 10, 1842, that a treaty of

NEW JERSEY.

Bucks,

2 loss of 1 peace and friendship between the republic, and the

Elections. We have the complete returns from government of Spain, was concluded at Madrid on New Jersey. They show the following result:

62

38 the 19th day of February, 1840, and the ratifications thereof have been duly exchanged.

Council Assembly Council Assembly

V. Buren majorly in house 24. I deem it proper, therefore to notify the merchants

W. L. W. L. W. L. W. L. of the United States of the increased security they Bergen,

1
2
1
2

V. B. may now enjoy in their commerce with that republic Hudson, 1

1
1
1
Senate,

19

14 from the happy termination of the afflicting state of Passaic, 1

2
1 1 1 House of representatives, 62

38 war which has long existed against it on the part of Essex, 1

7 the Spanish inonarchy.

Morsis,

4

81

52 JAMES H. CAUSTEN, consul of Ecuador. Sussex,

Middlesex, 1
4

MARYLAND.
PRESIDENTIAL. MR. Calhoun. The Globe Warren, 1

3

3

The following returns from Somerset and correcin relation to the rumor of Mr. Calhoun's being de- Hunterdon, 1

4

4 tion of the returns from Calvert, which however do termined not to submit to the decision of a National Mercer, 1

3

3 not vary the general result, have been received since Convention, remarks that the announcement comes Somerset, 1

3

3 last week and complete the summary then publishtoo late and adds that "the resolutions we published Monmouth, 1

5

5 ed. a few days since, passed by the democratic party in Burlington, 1

5

5 Charleston, nominating Mr. Calhoun for the presi- Gloucester, 1

4
1 2 2

Senate. dency, but expressing the determination of a cheer- Salem, 1

3
1 1 2
Whig

V. B. ful acquiescence in the decision of a national con- Cumberland, 1

3

3
Williams,
958 Hyland,

838 Atlantic, vention, we suppose will put this matter at rest.”

1

1
1
1

Delegates.
The Edgefield (S. Carolina) Advertiser, published Cape May, 1

1
1 1
Langford,
876 Handy,

937 near the district of Mr. Calhoun and Mr. McDuffie,

Rider,

874 Fleming, hoists its presidential flag thus: 10 8 33 25 9 9 35 23

907 Phillips, 849 Roach,

603 “For President-JOHN C. CALHOUN.

Shewing a whig majority of 10 on joint ballot; 2

Dashiell,
848 Burnett,

544 NOT SUBJECT TO THE ACTION OF ANY CONVENTION. in council, and 8 in the house.

Dennis,

458 "We have this day hoisted the fag, under which

Sheriff we intend to 'do batile,' in the coming contest, and

PENNSYLVANIA.

Curtis,

362 Slemons, hope our patrons will find no fault with our thus

1,028 LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE. The Harrisburg soon unfurling our banner to the breeze. We are, Keystone, gives the following statement and relative and hope always to be, the supporters of southern situation of the legislature of this state, as decided

Whig

V. B.

Senate. men and southern measures—therefore, we unhesi- by the late election.

Somerville

391 Parran tatingly say, that we have placed at the head of our

406 columns the name of Hon. JOHN C. CALHOUN,

V. B.

House of Delegates. as our first and only choice, as a proper person lo fill old members holding over, 11

11 Morsell
399 Allnut

432 the responsible office of President of the United Philadelphia city,

0
I Sedgwick
384 Weemi

405 States, without the action of any convention—with him, Philadelphia county,

1
0 Hance
394 Harrison

362

27,610 Washington, 1,703 Butler,

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This year.

Last year:

RECAPITULATION.

Whig.

3

SOMERSET COUNTY.

1

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CALVERT

COUNTY

SENATE.

Whig.

ALABAMA.

always been found in opposition to the attempt. cessities of the people and of the treasury. How The Tuscaloosa, (Ala.) Flag of the Union says Your voice has ever been on the side of protection did their opponents meet them? Here was a fine op. “We are unusually gratified to be enabled to inform to the industry of your own country, against the portunity to manifest the truth and sincerity of their our readers, upon the most undoubted authority, that blighting competition of foreign labor, controlled by profession that the land cause was the exclusive all the liabilities of this state, for the present year, foreign capital.

cause of their dissatisfaction with the bill. Bat 1912, have been anticipated, i. e. that they have in The saline waters of Onondaga are believed to be when stript of that clause we find them, with but every instance, both in Europe and the U. States. inexhaustible, and sufficient capital has already few exceptions, as unrelenting and determined in been provided for before the day of payment. To been invested in the manufacture of salt from them their opposition as ever. And when they cannot inmany of our readers it may not be uninteresting to to furnish half the quantity consumed in the United voke the aid of veto and ditto, they fulminate de. add ihat the entire debt of the state for bank capital, States. Under a system of just protection, that ca- nunciations of repeal! As if the country were to (which is the only debt the state owes), now out- pital was profitably employed, and thousands of la- be kept in a state of perpetual agitation, and no re. standing in the form of bonds, is only $9,874,550.- borers in this and other dependent branches of in- pose or security was to be allowed to its great busiShowing a reduction, since the last official reports, dustry, received a comfortable subsistence.

ness concerns! of more than one million of dollars. The whole in- But under the late existing laws this important in- I trust that the cooler reflection of these gentle. tercst payable in the year 1843, will be $504,635, terest has just reached this lowest point of depres: men will prompt them to abstain from any attempt falling due generally in January and July, and se- sion. Capital is without its return, and labor with totally to repeal the law, and limit their exertions to veral of the banks, availing themselves of the pre-out its reward.

its improvement, by suitable amendments, if any sent favorable rates of exchange on Europe, have al

For the future, we hope much from the recent le- shall be found necessary. But if they should perseready remitted the funds necessary to meet the pay- gislation of congress in establishing a tariff of duties vere in their announced purpose, the people are comments due in January. A state thus prompt cannot upon foreign products; affording as is believed, a petent to apply the proper corrective. long labor under the unjust influences of a depressed fair measure of protection to domestic industry.

But we cannot forget that the war-cry of repeal to the salt tax. Its cquality is undeniable.

In my humble opinion there is no just objection credit, brought ou as we are compelled to inser, not

All conby any circumstance connected with the currency has already been sounded.

sume it, and pay in proportion to their consumption; itsell, but by an uphallowed combination of money At such a crisis, when that great system of which the rich who use most paying the most. Its tendenshavers and brokers to line their pockets with the the honor of being the founder belongs to you, and cy, moreover, is to equalize the price of the article earnings of the people; by taking advantage of the which it was your ambition to establish upon a between the inhabitants of the seaboard who use distrust pervadiug all the commercial countries of sound and permanent basis, had been suddenly pro . marine or foreign salt, and those of the interior wbo the world, brought about by the great crisis in mo- trated, and when dangers are again threatening use that of our salines. And the competition benetary affairs through which we are just passing, around it, your eminent services in the public coun: tween the two descriptions is sure to keep the price and affording too good an opportunity unjustly and cils in behalf of that beneficent system, cannot but within reasonable limits. injeriously to depress the credit of our state and her be justly appreciated. The eyes of the nation again citizens." turn to you.

Wishing a revival and long continuation of the
In conclusion, sir, we beg leave to express the prosperity of the salt manufacture of your town,
MISSOURI.
hope that your life may be long spared to your coun. and health and happiness to yourselves and those

whom you represent, I am faithfully, your friend AMOS P. GRANGER,

and ob'i servit. Silver Mine. A late number of the Osage Ea- try. We are your friends and obedient servants,

H. CLAY. gle, published at Springfield, Missouri, contains the

JOHN G. FORBES,

Messrs. Amos P. Granger, John G. Forbes, Geo. F. followiug article:

GEO. F. COMSTOCK.

Comstock, &c. &c. &c. "We learn from a respectable man, that an exten

MR. CLAY IN THE WEST. From the Dayton Joursive silver mine has been found in the western part of Dade county. It is said to extend some ten or

MR. CLAY'S ANSWER.

nal of the 8d instant we copy the following account

of Mr. Clar's progress aster leaving that city. fifteen miles in length. We will give the particu

Ashland, 24th Sept., 1842.

Mr. Clay reached Eaton on Friday evening. He lars after we visit the place ourself.”

Gentlemen: I have the pleasure to acknowledge was met by a number of people, and welcomed in a Alus for human expectations! Before the editor the receipt of your friendly letter of the 10th inst., could get to the place, nay before he could get his transmitting an invoice of twenty-three barrels of which he responded in an exeeedingly happy manner

very handsome address by FELIX MARSH, esq., to paper to press, the silver mine bad vanished, and he salt and one box, embracing all the varieties manu. in a speech of about thirty minutes. The people found it necessary to add the following postscript: factured at Syracuse, and a list of my friends who

were afterwards addressed by Mr. CRITTENDEN. GO"Since the foregoing was put in type, we have have done me the favor to contribute it. In conseseen a piece of the mineral from the mine above quence of my experience of the superiority of the vernor METCALFE, and Charles ANDERSON, of this

place. spoken of, which, on examination, turns out to be Onondaga salt, in the preservation of meat, and in copper.” all other uses to which that article is applied, I re

At 10 o'clock on Saturday morning the company quested my friend, Mr. Spencer, to have forwarded reached the state line. Here some five or six thooMISCELLANEOUS.

to me a small supply. I had not the slightest expec- sand people were ready to receive Mr. Clay. At

tation that my request would have attracted any other this point he took leave of Ohio in terms the most HENRY CLAY.

than the usual attention, much less that it should feeling and eloquent. Arriving at Richmond shorts Syracuse, (N. Y.) Sept. 10, 1842.

have elicited a present so liberal, and which comes afterwards, TWENTY THOUSAND Hoosiers were found Hox. Henry Cưay. Dear sir. It having recently recommended to me by so many flattering and friend waiting to welcone him to Indiana. He addressed become known among your friends in this town that ly circumstances. I am advised this morning of the this crowd in a speech two hours and a half in one of our citizens had received a request from you safe arrival of the salt at Maysville, and it will length, nearly half of which was devoted to aboli

tion. It appears that a petitim to him to emancipate to purchase and forward to you a quantity of Onon- reach this place in a day or two. daga salt;for use upon your farm at Ashland, a large I know not how to express, in terms correspond and was presented to him upon the stand. In his

his slaves had been gotten up previous to his arrival, meeting was immediately assembled, at which it ing with my feelings, my great obligations for this frank, open, and undisguised manner he gave bis was resolved to ask your acceptance, free of charge, acceptable present. I request you to offer for it, to opinion of the petition ihat had been made to him, of a small invoice, containing specimens of the va- those who contributed it, collectively and individual and of slavery and abolition in general. We have rious kinds of salt manufactured from our saline ly, my cordial and grateful acknowledgment. waters.

They have done me the honor to send it to me as have only to say that it was most convincing to all

no room to refer to the matter of his address, but The undersigned were appointed a committee to a testimony of their confidence and esteem, and es- who heard him, and was well received by every one. advise you of the shipment, and to express to you, pecially in consequence of my devotion to our Ame

The yearly meeting of the Socitly of Friends, in behalf of the meeting, the high estimation in rican, and domestic interests. I can never cease, then in session at Richmond, and attended by over which your character and public services are held. gentlemen, to regard it as a duty, not to be neglecto five thousand Friends, condemned the petition as

We now take great pleasure in advising you of the ed by the general government, to afford sufficient improper and unbecoming, and censured such di shipment of twenty three barrels, to the care of Ja- protection to those interests. The form of that pro their members as were concerned in it. This action nuary & Son, Maysville, Ky., with instructions to de- iection is a question of subordinate consequence of the meeting was conveyed to Mr. CLAY by a liver to you, free of charge.' You will find speci- That is best which commands the most satisfaction committee of that body. A large number of the mens of common and solar salı, ground and refined and promises the greatest durability: I had suppos. Friends listened to his speech-visited him asterdairy salt, which, we venture to say, will prove duty of government, in imposing duties for revenue, subjects of slavery, the petition, and the movements

ed that no man would controvert the power and the wards, and had full conversation with him on the equal to the best quality of the imported article. A very large number of your friends, as will be mestic industry. About the period of 1824, when selves entirely from that party, and maintain their

to make liberal discrimination for the benefit of do- of the political abolitionists. They disconnect themseen by the enclosed list of names arcompanying the the power of affording direct protection was first own consistent ground in relation to slavery. invoice, have shared in the gratification of exbibit- strenuousiy contested, that of incidental protection ing this small but sincere manifestation of the grate- was freely and unreservedly conceded. But nothing ceived their cordial approbation.

The manner Mr. Clay treated the petition reful sense which they entertain for your unwavering can conciliate or appease the spirit of visionary free devotion to the great interests of American indus- trade. And we now behold the dawn of opposition Richmond, on Sunday night, and was to leave there

Mr. Clay was at Centreville six miles beyond try in all its branches.

to all protection, either direct or incidental. The Indeed, sir, those whose sentiments we are in- tariff of 1832 was framed under the hope that it

next morning for Indianapolis. structed to communicate, feel that your public ser: would quiet all discontents and produce general re- Clar Festival. The 5th of October, 1842, will vices have laid them under a weighsitt debt of gra- conciliation. It moderated the pre-existing duties. be a day ever to be remembered by the people titude than they can express by Aris imperfect mark The tariff of 1842, recently passed, provides a scale of the Hoosier state. The anticipations of our citre of their respect and esteem.' Connected as they of duties generally lower than that of 1832. Yet it zens were bigh as to the number that would attend arc, immediately or remotely, with this important is scarcely passed, before the war cry of repeal is the reception and the barbecue; they calculated that branch of domestic industry, they know that their raised against it.

thousands would come up to welcome and to do bor own posperity and happiness witally depend upon the The party opposed to the whigs, during the pro- or to the great western statesman; but they did not maintenance of the prineiples which have guided gress of the bill, with the land clause, thraugh con- espect that the city and environs would be literally your public life. They gratefully remeniber, that gress, professed to be animated only by opposition crammed with living masses of enthusiastic and adin the councils of the nation, you have ever been to that clause. The bill passed, and then the veto miring hunan beings. To attempt a description di the constart rinnd and eloquent advenate of Ameri- was applied. A majority of the whigs adopted the the scenes of the day would be folly. The powers <!" laser. While ouers have sought the prostra- painful but patriotic resolution to make a temporary of the ablese pen would be inadequate to the task1ste salt manufacturing ard other great inte- sacrifice of the principle of distribution, to secure Such a congregation and such a display must be wit

I JW grown into national importance, you have the passage of a measure demanded alike by the benessed to be realized.

At at early hour on the 4th the people began to economy. But we should not despair, seeing our army that the battle-sword was given by the chief come in. In the afternoon they poured in in proceg- state is so blessed with an extent of fertile soil, to general Greene, at the earnest solicitation of the sions of fifties and of hundreds, from almost every yielding its annual riches to the labor of the hiis- latter; and it is since presumed to have been lost at county in the state, with hanners and music. bandman; and while we have such treasures in our sea, with the baggage of the general, while going

The morning of the 5th was ushered in with a sa- coal and iron, which only require the hand of indus- from Newport to Charleston. Ex-president Jackson lute of twenty-six guns by capt. Mead's company try to be exerted to reap a full reward.

was pleased to say that he would cause inquiry to be from Fayette. At an early hour the streets were Our anthracite and bituminous coal fields may be made among the surviving relatives of gen. Greene; alive with new comers. They continued to roll on, literally considered to be inexhaustible. With such but nothing has yet transpired touching this most indass after mass, until about 10 o'clock, when a pro- a boundless treasure, possessed by no other Atlantic teresting memorial of America's heroic age. cession was altempted to be formed to proceed to the state with such easy access, we have the main- At reviews and upon occasions of distinguished east end of Washington street to meet Mr. CLAY.- spring of prosperity, which will not only attract to ceremony Washington wore a dress sword, with a Attempted, we say, because the marshals found it use the labor and capital of other states, but will plain sword knot, but always resumed the green impracticable to reduce such an immense assem- enable us advantageously to exchange with them the hilted hanger as his sword of service. blage to order. After considerable time and difi- products of industry.

In 1798, when appointed to his last command, it culty, however, the military, carriages, wagons, and The intelligence of England is fully aware of the was arranged that the costume of the lieutenant gehorsemen were formed into a procession. The thou- fundamental importance of coal to that nation. Mc- neral should be blue, richly embroidered with gold. sands upon thousands who were on foot lined the Culloch in his British empire says: "jt is hardly pos- Washington inquired whether the embroidery could fence tops, house tops, and sidewalks, eager to catch sible to exaggerate the advantages England derives be executed in the United States? And being inonly a glimpse of Mr. Clay through the thick clouds from her vast beds of coal.” Again he says: "of formed that it was necessary it should be obtained of dust that filled and hung over the town.

the different minerals (in Great Britain] that of coal abroad, he declined the arrangement altogether:-After receiving our distinguished guest, the pro- is by far the most important and valuable of them Some magnificent plumes of the Carolina heron, of cession moved on to town, down Washington street all

.

Our coal mines are the principal surpassing size and snowy whiteness, were presented to Tennessee street, thence north to Market street, sources and foundation of our manufactoring and by major general Charles Colesworth Pinckney as and thence east to the grove on gov. NOBLE's farm, commercial prosperity."

decorations for the hat. These the old chief gave where the speaker's stand had been erected and the The annual trade from the Tyne and the Wear, away to his adopted daughter, Mrs. Lewis, preferbarbecue prepared.

including the home consumption, is about 4,200,000 ring to be attired in the veteran colors of liberty, the The vast multitude having gathered in a dense tons—the trade from Newcastle alone occupying blue and buff, with the plain three cornered hat and mass around the stand, gov. Noble, in a very appro- about 1,600 ships constantly. The almost incredi- black ribband cockade, the enduring memorials of priate address, in the name and in behalf of the ble number of 125 new ships have been counted on the days of his country's taial. people of Indiana, welcomed Mr. Clay to the capi the stocks and in the harbor of Sunderland at one tal, when Mr. Clay rose to respond a spontaneous time, this being solely a coal port.

CANADIAN POLITICS. and hearty huzza burst from the assembled people.- Should the trade stimulate our population only a Of his speech it is not necessary for us to say more twentieth part, what may we not expect? I would

From a late London paper. than that it was just what might have been expected ask if we are a people likely to throw away any of We inserted some days ago an extract from a very from such a man on such an occasion. The manner the advantages happily placed in our hands by na- valuable article in the Coloninl Gazette, giving an ac. in which it was received by the listening throng de- ture? Mr. Buddle, who understands this subject bet- count of the state of parties in Canada, and specumonstrated the power of the speaker, and the high ter than any other man in Europe, stated before par- lating on the probable results of the approaching sesgratification of the vast auditory. He descanted with liament as his opinion-"that the manufacturing in- sion of the provincial parliament. The article in quesgreat plaipness, but with thrilling interest, upon the terest of this country, [Great Britian) colossal as is tion is one of a series of communications from dionimportant questions of public policy which now agi- the fabric which it has raised, rests principally on no treal, which have from time to time during the pretate the public mind—a tariff, a national currency, other basis than our fortunate position with regard to sent year appeared in that paper. They are evidentdistribution of the proceeds of the public lands, a the rocks (Carboniferous] of this series. Should our ly written by some one on the spot, having under his modification of the veto power, and an economical coal mines ever be exhausted, it would melt away eye the men and matters respecting which he writes, administration of the government. He contrasted at once, and it need not be said that the effect pro- but judging them with a largeness and impartiality the creeds of the two great parties in the U. States, duced 'on private and domestic comfort, would be of view which lead us to suppose that he has been and called upon the people, by all they held dear and equally fatal with public wealth. We should lose accustomed to have a larger ihan any mere colonial sacred, to ponder carefully the great questions which many advantages of our high civilization, and much field of politics under his eye. Be the author who divide the two parties, and to think and act for of our cultivated grounds must be shaded with fo- he may, however, his communications are most valuthemselves in view of their own welfare and happi- rests to afford fuel for the remnants of our presentable as well as interesting, and it is to be hoped that ness, and the prosperity and glory of their beloved population."

the warnings which he gives to the home government country. The close of his speech was eloquent and It is a fact that nearly all the improving portion of will not be thrown away. sublime, and must have made a deep and abiding im- England are situated on that geological range which It is evident, from the statement thus laid before pression upon the mind and heart of erery lover of lincludes the rocks which bear the coal, and every us of the present state of things in Canada, that the his country.

one of the great manufacturing towns is there plac- session of provincial parliament now about to comAfter the barbecue had been served up, Mr. Crit-ed. The following list will show the increase of mence will determine, for some time at least, the TENDEN, the distinguished senator from Kentucky, their inhabitants:

principle upon which Canada is to be governed, and and lately attorney general of the United States, was

1811.

1831. the prospects of the colony. The principle of responcalled to the stand. His speech was noble, eloquent, Manchester

98,573

182 812

sible government proposed by Lord Durham, and triumphant. He extorted the warmest admiration of Liverpool

94,276

165,175 carried into effect by Lord Sydenham, will be seveall parties. It was worthy of himself, and fully sus- Birmingham

85,783

156 986

rely tested. Lord Sydenham, whose object had been tained his high reputation as an orator and a states- Leeds

62,564

123,394

that of carrying the union by an entire breaking up Mr. CRITTENDEN was followed by gov. Met- Bristol

76,433

117,016 of all existing parties, conducted the government CALFE, and he by hon. J. L. White, of Indiana, Sheffield

35,810

59,011 during the first session of the united parliament by whose speeches were received with loud applause.- New Castle on Tyne 27,587

42,760 means of an administration composed of various memIn the evening, senators White and Smith (and per- Merthyr Tydvil 15,720

22,083 bers of different parties, consenting to act together haps others) addressed large crowds with distinguish- Wolverhampton 14,836

24,782

and carry out his views from confidence in him.-ed ability:

McCulloch asks to what is to be ascribed ine as- This administration contained no recognised leader On Friday morning Mr. Clay and his suite, accom- tonishing increase of these cities and the compara- of any of the parties or sections in the assemblypanied by a number of our citizens, left here for lively stationary or declining state of Canterbury, Lord Sydenham himself was the real leader of his Ashland, by way of Madison. This visit of Mr. Winchester, Salisbury and other towns in the south administration. His energy, his talent, his thorough Clay to Indiana will constitute an epoch in our his- of England "It cannot,” he says "be pretended knowledge of parliamentary tactics, enabled him to tory. His brilliant reception at the state line, his with any show of reason, that the inhabitants of the keep together this weak and heterogéneous administriumphal march through the state, his reception at former are naturally more ingenious, enterprising ration; in most cases to gather round it a majority the seat of government by 50,000 freemen, his mag- and industrious than the latter. The abundance and by the occasional accession of one or other sectiɔn, nificent speech, and the joy and enthusiasm of the cheapness of coal in the north, and its scarcity and or of various members of different sections of the people will make his visit a memorable and never-to-consequent high price in the south, is the real cause assembly, and thus to carry it successfully through be-forgotten event in the history of Indiana. of this striking discrepancy. The citizens of Glas- the first session of parliament. With Lord Syden

(Indiana Journal of Oct. 7. gow, Manchester, &c., are able at a small expense, ham this administration lost its strength, and stood Return of HENRY CLAY. The Lexington (Ky.) comparatively, to put the most powerful and com- forth to public view confessedly as destitute of the Intelligencer of 13th ult. says:

plicated machinery in motion, and to produce re- support of a parliamentary majority. Our beloved fellow-citizen, Henry Clay, has re- sults quite beyond the reach of those who have not Sir Charles Bagot, on his arrival, adopted the adturned to the quiet and peaceful shades of Ashland. the same command over coal; or, as it has been hap ministration of his predecessor; and, as he has been His course, throughout his recent journey, has been pily defined hoarded labor." Our coal mines have enabled to go on for nearly a year without meeting one of unmingled satisfaction and pleasure. Every sometimes been called the "Black Indies,” and it is his parliament, his ministry has of course stood by where along his whole route, he was met and greeted certain that they have conferred a thousand times his good will.' Some additions and changes, which by crowds of his fellow-citizens, in a manner becom- more real advantage or us than we have derived circumstances rendered necessary, have been from ing his long distinguished public services, and ovi- from the conquest of the Mogul Empire, or than we time to time made by him in the spirit of Lord Sy. dencing the strong hold which he has upon the affec- should have reaped from the dominion of Mexico or denham's policy: he has endeavored to carry still tions of the people. His health has been much im- Peru."

(U. S. Gazette.

further the system of fusing parties in his executive proved by his travels; and, with the exception of the

council. Having three appointments to give away, effects of the fatigue consequent upon such a journey

WASHINGTON'S SWORD.

he conferred two on very active members of the two we have never seen him look better.

(From the Custis recollections and Private Memoirs of most opposite parties in Upper Canada, and offered the life and characler of Washington.)

the third with accidental ill-success to a French CaTHE COAL OF PENNSYLVANIA. Since the

Washington's sword of service was a plain green padian generally much esteemed. But this policy passage of the tariff there is evidently a better feel- bilted hanger. (See an accurate representation of bas succeeded very ill with Sir Charles Bagot; neiing in regard to the prospects of the state of Fenn- the same in the original picture by C. w. Peal, now ther of the two gentlemen brought into office possylvania. Her internal improvements, while they in the hall of the National Institute.)

sessed quite sufficient in uence to carry his party hang like a mill stone around her neck, on account It is a matter of regret that this venerable and in- I with him; but each was sufficiently conspicuous to of their great expense, are still not hopeless. Much teresting relic of the revolution lias never been heard render this step such an obvious exaggeration of the may yet be done by a proper system of industry and ! of since the peace of 1783. It was supposed is the system of fusion as to offeud both the parties which

man.

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