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break up the British settlements in the Oregon terri-ard, and Alberto Griffith, came passengers in the this amount from the total of payments made, and tory, and thereby destroy the source from which now Dale, on their way to the United States, the former we have $4,235,052 11 as the amount paid during emanate the most dire evils to American interests in as bearer of despatches, and the two latter on account the year towards the ordinary current expenses of the western world. In the endeavor to bring about of ill health.

the year—all of which, however, have not yet been that desirable object you have done much; and every

We sailed from Callao 7th instant, in company paid. The post master expresses the opinion that friend to his country, every person interested in the with the frigate United States, (Commodore Jones' the receipts will cover the expenses of the year. commerce of the Pacific, must feel grateful for the nag ship,) and sloop of war Cyane; but we separatvaluable services rendered them by you. With great ed from them, and bore up for this port, on the 7th

NATIONAL FINANCES. The annual report respect, your obedient servant,

day out. Just previously to our departure, two Bri

HENRY A. PRICE. tish ships of war, the razee Dublin and the sloop of of the secretary of the treasury was communicated Hon. Lewis F. Linn, Senator of the United States, Wash- war Champion, sailed from Callao on secret service.

to congress on the 15th inst., and will be inserted in ington. Of course, this mysterious movement of Admiral our next number.

The receipts, ascertained of the three first quarters, In relation to the rumored increase of accessions Thomas, elicited a thousand conjectures as to the that Great Britain was disposed to make upon our destination of his squadron; the most probable of and estimated of the fourth quarter of the year, infrontier in that quarter, the N. Orleans Picayune which seemed to be, that he was bound for the north sluding loans and treasury notes, amount to $34,some time ago published the following: west coast of Mexico, where, it is surmised, a Bri- 502,000, besides the balance on hand of $230,000.

The expenditures including $7,856,400 for redemption THE CALIFORNIAS. Much importance was at- tish station is to be located, in accordance with a tached, and very justly, to rumors brought from seeret convention between the Mexican and English of treasury notes, amount to $34,503,000. Mexico by the Virginia Antoinette

, three or four governments. And it is among the on dits in our squad July next, including loans and treasury notes to days ago, that the English had purchased from Mex. ico a good portion of the provinces of California. the Dale, are to rendezvous as soon as practicable at amount of $5,538,000, is $14,598,113. The constant accessions made by England to her Monte Rey, to keep an eye upon John Bull's move. 186, of which 9605,000 is for interest on debt and

The estimated expenditures of same period, $10,381,territory in North America, of course excite much ments in that quarter. attention, and no slight degree of alarm. This Cali- The establishment of a British post at that point treasury notes.

The receipts of the fiscal year ending 1st July 1844, fornia purchase, however, is no new affair. The would be so hazardous to the peace and security of facts of the case are these, as we glean from cor- our frontier, and so manifestly detrimental to the are estimated at $18,850,000, under existing enact: rect sources of intelligence. interests of the whole union, that commodore Jones ments.

The expenditures for the same period, $20,945,498. The debt due from Mexico to English bondholders doubtless conceives he would be derelect in the dis

The balance remaining in the treasury on the 30th has been calculated at about £10,000,000 sterling, charge of the responsible powers vested in him by the interest upon the original debt having been, for the government, were he not to use every means June 1843, is estimated at $3,731,369.

The balance remaining in the treasury on the 30th some time, unpaid. In April, 1834, it was proposed within the scope of his command to frustrate, if pos10 the bondholders, through Messrs. Lizardi & Co.;sible, so dangerous an encroachment on the western June 1844, at $1,635,871,

The secretary states, however, that since this rethe authorised agent of the Mexican government, border of our territories. It is certain we are to that a new consolidated fund, at 5 per cent. should make a very brief stay here, and are to sail hence port was prepared, the expenditures of the fourth be created, into which the former debt should, in for Monte Rey, where we expect to meet the flag quarter of the present year, it is ascertained, will

fall considerably below his estimates, and consequentpart, be invested. The more important terms upon ship and the Cyane. which this was to be effected were, that the bonds The squadron rendezvoused in the harbor of Co- ly the balance in treasury will be more than he supissued at 5 per cent. should, with the interest due on quimbo, (Chili) in July; and after a few days relax- posed.. them, be estimated at par, and those issued at 6 per ation for the crew, sailed thence on the 28th day of cent. with the interest due, at 112, for every 100. that month. During our run down to Callao, a great

THE ARMY. The new bonds were to be taken for one-ball of the variety of sea manæuvres and fleet evolutions were,

In the annual report of the secretary of war, just existing debt. The other half was to be discharg- by direction of the commodore, performed by the ed by land warrants for land in the departments of different ships. These performances were highly communicated to congress, and which our readTexas, Chihuahua, New Mexico, Sonora and Cali- interesting to all, and especially instructive to the ers will find inserted at large in this number, it will fornia, at the rate of 4 acres for one pound sterling younger class of officers. Indeed, the commodore be seen that that officer is progressing with the orThe warrants were separately not to be for less seems, notwithstanding he has so recently assumed ganization of his department according to the deterthan 400 acres, nor for more than 10,000 acres of the command, to have rendered his squadron a school mination expressed by congress at their last session, land. of practice,” from which even officers of high grade towards the economy which a peace establishment

is susceptible of. In August, 1837, the English bondholders aceept. have derived instruction. American vessels of war,

By the act of August, 1842, the rank and file of ed this ofter, subject to certain modifications of the on this station, have seldom, if ever, been put through the army was directed to be reduced 3,920 men,-terms, relating to the portion of the debt to be dis- such a series of sea evolutions, or been so thoroughly leaving a regular force authorised by law, of, charged through the land warrants. For this por- exercised in squadron.

717 commissioned officers, tion of the debt, it was proposed, that deferred

17 storekeepers, bonds should be issued, upon which interest should

NATIONAL AFFAIRS.

250 enlisted for ordnance service, and commence, to be payable October 1, 1847, which

7,590 non-com'd officers, musicians and privates, should be receivable in payment of lands in the de- TREASURY NOTES. The amount outstanding, 20 chaplains and schoolmasters, and an orda partments of Texas, Chihuahua, New Mexico, So- as reported by the treasurer on the 1st December, nance sergeant for each military post; besides, nora and California, at the choice of the purchaser, 1842, consisted,

clerks, forage masters, wagon masters, &c. employand that for the payment of the whole debt, one- of those issued prior to 31st January,

ed from time to time. sixth part of the custom-house duties of the ports of 1842,

$3,764,789 88 The reduction of the army to the above numbers Vera Cruz and Tampico, should be irrevocably ap- or those issued under the act of 31st

is, by said act directed to progress gradually, and be propriated. The Mexican government also propos- January, 1842,

4,995,049 74 principally accomplished by suspension of enlist. ed to hypothecate 100,000,000 acres of land in the or those issued under the act of 31st

ment-expirations of terms of service-deaths, &c. departments mentioned, for the payment of the

August, 1842,

1,219,054 89 Under this process the present force of the army is whole debt. It was on the other hand asked, that it

stated to be, should, in addition, hypothecate 25,000,000 of acres Total

$9,978,894 51 781 commissioned officers; having the nearest communication with the Atlantic,

9,847 non-commissioned officers, musicians, artifiand which might appear best suited for colonization CONGRESSMEN. Wm. R. Habersham, Esq. cers and privates; from abroad—these lands to be specially and exclu- representative in congress from Georgia, died at his 247 enlisted ordnance men; sively held open for location through the deferred residence in Habersham county, Geo., on the 20 inst. Being 847 less in aggregate, than was reported last bonds. At the same time, it was agreed by the Those members who were detained upon their year, and 1,970 more than the law contemplates to bondholders to observe the law of April 6, 1830, journey by the accident of the stage upsetting, men- be retained for the regular peace establishment. prohibiting foreigners to settle on the lands adjoin- tioned in our last, have all recovered so as to be able By a law of last session, the annual fiscal year for ing on those states or territories belonging to the to reach the seat of government.

the war department, was changed, so as in future to country of which they are citizens. In June, 1839,

commence on the 1st July, and estimates were direcSanta Anna, then president ad interim, assented to POST OFFICES, POST MASTERS, AND ted to be made for the present year to meet that althe modification of the terms originally offered, add

The post office establish teration. Accordingly the treasurer has submitted ing, “that the government would take heed, in con- ment of the United States now has 13,733 post mas- two estimates,-one to the 30 June, 1842, and the formity with the 6th article of the agreement, that ters, besides their clerks and agents and 2343 contrac- other for the year commencing the 1st July, 1843. no lands on the frontiers should be granted to the tors. The estimated expenses for the current year Estimate of expenses for the army prosubjects of the border states, in the event of any amount to $4,520,000, and the receipts are expected per for first half of the year 1843, $553,586 88 bonds falling into their hands, which they may be to amount to as much, the whole of which is under Do. for the year commencing July 1843, 3,204,536 60 desirous to exchange for lands.” In virtue of this the control of the post master general,

The appropriations for the same pur. agreement, the English bondholders may obtain, in

According to the report just made by that officer, California and elsewhere in Mexico, twenty million the amount of transportation for the year ending 30th

poses for the year 1842, amounted to $4,284,669

The secretary expresses the confident belief that of acres of land, at the sum expressed, for the half June, 1841, was 34 996,525 miles, at a contract cost the present military establishment, including the of the debt, or five millions due them.

of $3,159,375. For the year ending June 1841, 34,- military academy, may be maintained at a cost not The reported bargain, which has probably at- 835,991 miles, at a contract cost of $3,037,796. Lexceeding $3,100,000. tracted attention just at this time, is probably some

Expenditures for the year ending 30th June 1842, This estimate, however, does not include the exfinal arrangement, based upon the stipulations we were in the report of last December, estimated at penses of the appropriations for ordnance, ordnance have mentioned.

$4,490,000, and the receipts at $4,380,000. So far stores, small arms and equipments distributed to the (CORRESPONDENCE OF THE EVENING POST.) as the expenses have been audited and paid, they states, nor for the engineer service, erecting fortifica

United States Ship Dale, amount to $4,627,716 62—and the receipts arising tions, &c. For ordnance, &c., according to the sePanama Bay, 23. September, 1842. from postage amounted to $4,546,246 13—the expen-eretary's estimates, $775,200 will be required for the William C. Bryant, esq.

ditures exceeding the receipts by $81,470 49. year commencing 1st July, 1843. Editor New York Evening Post.

But included in the above expenditure is the sum For the engineer department he asks for the enDear Sir: The United States ship "Dale," Cap. of $392,664 51 paid during the year, in virtue of an suing eighteen months $1,245,500. The amount aptain Thomas A. Dorum, arrived in this bay on the appropriation from the public treasury, towards dis- propriated for 1842, was $278,000. The preserva21st instant, from Callao, (the Port of Lima,) in charging the amount of debt due from the post office tion of works already commenced, he remarks, Peru. Lieutenants William Green, Burritt Shep-department, incurred prior to April 1941—deducting makes this addition indispensable.

POST ROADS AND MAILS.

PENSIONERS.

$730 000

INDIAN DEPARTMENT.

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The whole amount of his estimates for

tonness has increased the deep distress felt for his ! mediate state matters some of them are lengthened expenses of the half year to 1st July,

loss by his numerous and warmly attached friends out into extensive disquisitions upon the principles 1543, for military services,

$620,949 78 and messmates. Do. for the year ending 1st July, 1844, 4,144,154 80 Every exertion is being made by the civil authori- and tendency of the great national questions that agi

These estimates are exclusive of sundry topogra- ties, but no trace has yet been discovered of the per- tate the union. The new district and apportionment phical and civil expenses, which, under the charge petrator of this horrid deed.

subject forms one of the chief matters in them al). of the department of war, do not belong to the army The deceased received three stabs with a knise in Those of the governors of Ohio and Virginia may be proper,--such for instance, as light houses, improve the lest breast; one of which pierced his heart, causinent of harbours, rivers, surveys, &c.

ing instant death. His mortal remains were interred justly commended for their reasonable and satisfac

this morning in the American burial ground with the tory brevity. Others are heavy with the great burThe appropriations for pensions for the usual military honors.

thens that seem to oppress their sereral executive year 1842, was

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your heads.
The estimate for the first half of 1813, are *119,340 obedient servant, CHAS. W. MORGAN,
do. for the year ending 1st July,
Commander-in-chief of the United States

NEW HAMPSHIRE. 1844

697,650

Naral forces in the Mediterranean. This diminution is predicated upon the deminu- Capt. David CONNER, U. S. navy, former naval

The senate of this state, on the 6th inst., passed tion of pensioners, there being now 1,496 less in num- commissioner, and recently appointed to the head of the following resolutions; the first by a vote of 10 to ber upon the pension roll, than in the last annual re- the bureau of construction and equipment, we re-2-the second by a vote of 9 to 3. port. The whole number on the roll at present is gret to learn, is laying dangerously ill at his resi

Resolved by the senate and house of representa. 25,035, of whom 2,662 are invalids. It is supposed dence near Port Deposite.

tives in general court convened, That the congress that of these 18,074 approximates the actual number The U. Ş. Razee Independence, flag ship of the of the United States are not authorised by the connow alive, as that was the number, that were paid home squadron, com. Chas. Stewart, will sail in a stitution, to pass any act, distributing to the states during the first and second quarter of 1842. few days from N. York on a winter cruize.

"the proceeds arising from the sales of the public U. S. ship Columbia. This ship has arrived safe at lands,” or that arising from the sales of any other

Rio de Janeiro, after a tedious passage of upwards description of property belonging to the U. States, The expenditures are regulated by treaties, &c., of three months from New York! A letter publish- and that the adoption of such a system tends to imand the estimates for the first half of the year 1843, ed in the Herald runs thus:

poverish the treasury and creates a necessity for the including all that becomes payable during 1844, a

U. S. ship Columbus, Rio de Janeiro, Oct. 26, 1842.

imposition of additional taxes upon the people, almount to

$791,484 49
About six o'clock on the evening of the 23d, we

together unnecessary, if this source of revenue was During the year ending 1st July, 1844 850,978 00 came to anchor in the harbor of Rio, having been applied to “the general charge and expenditure of

Several important treaties with Indian tribes have absent from the city of New York' ninety-eight the U. States.” been concluded during the year. That with the days. We have been for two months on an allow- receive that portion of the proceeds of the sales of

Resolved, Tha this legislature hereby decline to Wyandots arquires very valuable lands in Ohio; ance of sometimes two, but oftener three quarts per the public lands,” assigned to the state of New pute and acquires their titles to valuable lands in the bad neither pork, beans, bread, molasses, vinegar, Hampshire, agreeably to the act of congress, entistate of New York; that with the Sax and Fox and were on half allowance of rice, so that none of tled an act to appropriate the proceeds of the sales Indians acquires ten millions of acres in Iowa. us, officers or men, had anything to eat but salt junk, of the public lands and to grant preemption righis

, The Chippewas relinquish fifteen millions of acres rice and cheese. All the time we were out we had approved Sept. 4, 1841," and that our senators in in Michigan and Viskonsin.

but one severe gale, and then all hands were "on congress be instructed, and our representatives reUNSETTLED ACCOUNTS. deck."

quested to use their best exertions to have the same

applied “to the general charge and expenditure of The secretary further reports, that in the office of COMMODORE BARRON. The pensioners at the Na- the United States;” and that they be requested to the second auditor, there are 57 accounts presented in val Asylum at Philadelphia, on learning the inten; lay these resolutions before congress. 1841, and 815 presented in 1842, which remain un- tion of Com. Barrox to retire from the command settled—in all 872, being 300 less than in the last an- of that institution, immediately addressed that venenual report of that officer. rable officer a letter, in which they solicited him to

SOUTH CAROLINA. In the office of the third auditor, 294 of the ac- alter his determination if “consistent and compati

JAMES H. HAMMOND was on the 8th inst, elected counts presented in 1840;—345 of those presented in ble" with his personal convenience. They add that governor of this state. 1841, and 840 of those presented in 1842, remain un- this request is made with "hearts overflowing with settled-total, 1,479, being 335 less than reported in intense gratitude and high respect.”

TREATY OF WASHINGTON. his last annual report.

The commodore, in his answer, which is creditaThe secretary asks for additional clerks to enable ble alike to his head and heart, and to the profession We continue our extracts from foreign presses in him to get through this tremendous mass of deferred to which he has been attached throughout a long order to exhibit their tone in relation to the negotiaclaims; every day's delay makes it of course more life of usefulness, states that circumstances will not lion, concluding with a jeu d' esprit, from the London difficult to adjust them-or to obtain sufficient vou- permit him to remain in conimand of the institution. Punch. chers, &c.

The concluding paragraph of his letter is as fol- From an article in the London Evening Star, of Oct. 31 The accounts of the disbursing agents of the In- lows: dian department, the secretary says, "defy any On taking my leave of you, I cannot forbear to the Times, the Chronicle, and other tory papers on our

After ably repelling the unwarranted attacks of powers of the executive officers to bring them to a say that with a few exceptions, your conduct has institutions, the Evening Star says: close”—and he asks, therefore, for legislative inter- been so very exemplary that I confidently indulge “This war has burst out since Lord Ashburton reference.

the belief, that as a body of temperate old seamen turned from America with his finger in his mouth, you stand unrivalled. With every feeling of my and Boz well knew how to minister to the bitter an.

heart deeply interested for your happiness, i bid you ti-American prejudices which our privileged orders THE NAVY.

adieu. God bless you all. Extract of a letter from captain Kearney, of the

so deeply feel, but which they are rather afraid United States ship Constellation:

openly to express, as they know that a war with U. S. ship Constellation, Macao Roads, June 26, 1842.

NATIONAL INSTITUTE-TRANSLATION. To America wouid, in all human probability, put an end Dear sir. I send you a bag of letters for the United the secretary of the National Institute at Washington. forever to their whole machinery of plunder and States, and I request you will, on arriving there, re- Private correspondence of the minister of state for peculation at home. port the East India squadron—the Constellation and the departinent of war and marine.

“But it might be instructive to inquire on what Boston- in Macao Roads; that the officers and crews

National Place, Mexico, Nov. 3, 1812.

evidence do these Threadneedle street philosophers of both ships have been attacked with colds and fe- My Dear Sir: Availing myself on the kindness of pronounce the degeneracy of the American people, vers, but at this time, under a favorable change of Mr. Brantz Mayer, secretary of legation of the Unit- and the failure of their republican institutions' If weather, the sick list is much reduced-all the cases ed States, I send to you for the mineralogical cabinet these sturdy republicans are such monsters as the have readily yielded to medicine, and no case has of the National Institute at Washington three boxes Times, Boz, &c., represent them, and their instituproved fatal or are in any way likely to do so. The containing minerals and beautiful crystalizations from tions a failure, what intellectual and physical sigus ships will sail in a few days from Macao, and after Guanajuato, which the institute will receive as a of the facts do they present During the present visiting the seat of war in the north, will proceed proof of my profound gratitude for the honor it has year, we have seen tivo remarkable instances of their home by way of the Sandwich and Society Islands, conferred upon me by placing me on the list of its great intellectual superiority and moral power, over California and Valparaiso.

corresponding members. I am, sir, your most obe- the combined mind and moral force of Great BriThe ships are full provisioned and manned, and so dient servant,

tain. far as American commerce is concerned, all is safe

GENERAL JOSE MARIA TORNEL, "Their representative at the court of St. Cloud, and under the best footing in the Chinese seas.

Minister of war and marine. General Cass, by one effort of his capacious intellect rent Wishing you a short and pleasant passage, I am

lo atoms the Quinluple treaty, which our statesmen very respectfully, yours,

L. KEARNEY.
STATES OF THE UNION.

spent months in cooking up in Downing street. He To capt. Lovelt, of ship Huntress.

scattered its broken fragments to the winds, at the

very moment when we fancied that the commerce MidshipMAN J. S. PATTERSON. The following let- The press of national documents precludes that at- of ihe civilized world was under the surveillance of ter, detailing a most atrocious assassination, is pub- tention to the proceedings of the legislative bodies of British naval officers. Our statesmen have had to lished in the Madisonian: U. S. ship Columbus, Mahon, Oct. 20, 1842.

the states and the messages of their several governors, ed from the superior intellect of the American To the hon. A. P. Upshur secretary of the nary:

which their space in the public prints seems to de- statesman who represented his country at the court The melancholy duty devolves upon me of an- mand. They may hereafter obtain a more full refe- of France. This single fact is a sufficient resutation nouncing to the department the untimely death of rence than our pages can at present allow. Since of the vapid libels of Boz, and the stipendiaries of United States navy, acting master of the frigate Con- the reception of the president's message, we have had

the money changers.

“The correspondence between Lord Ashburton gress.

presented those of the governors of N. Carolina, Vir- and Mr. Webster at Washington, is another signal This officer was assassinated on Friday evening, ginia, Ohio, Missouri, Arkansas, Indiana, and Mlinois, evidence of American superiority. There is none; the 28th inst. about 11 o'clock in the town of Mahon, and until the middle of January we shall continue to even the most prejudiced, but must admit that the

This foul and cruel murder has been committed have them in succession with their accompanying needle street political economy, was a pigmy in the wyithout any known provocation, and itş yery wan-documents from other states. Besides their own im- hands of a giant, when he grappled with the Ameri

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PELISHED CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN LORD ASHBUR-
TON AND MR. WEBSTER ON THE BOUNDARY QUES-
TION.

can secretary at Washington. Lord Palmerston had extremely grateful for. If, sir, you will only let The National says:“This door, then, is closed for evvery cavalierly, and with rather insulting noncha- me know the heads of a treaty, it shall be drawn up; er; but there are still two open which must be closed. lance, declared that Great Britain would exercise the for I am a old man, and peace, as I said before, is It is not sufficient now to restrict the limits of the right of search, no matter to what nation the ship my object. If I misunderstood that you would con- right of search; it must be abolished. When the belonged; and when Lord Aberdeen came into office, cede on the question of the mile stone, be so good as chamber palpitating and en masse, rose in favor of the he reiterated the same; now behold the disgraceful to set me right. And believe me, with renewed as- amendment, which peralyzed the Britannic sallies of position we have been placed in.

surances of rather more distinguished consideration M. Guizot, it was not only the future that it was de"Mr. Webster boldly tells Lord Ashburton what than I expressed in my last letter, your obedient ser- sirous of protecting-it was desirous also of falling Gen. Cass told M. Guizot, that the American govern- vant,

ASHBURTON. back on the past. It did not seek alone for guaranment would never tolerate the exercise of such a right on

tees; but also for reparation. England has formally the part of Great Britain, and Lord Aberdeen now, in

LETTER IV.

renounced in favor of the United States a principle the face of the threats of Gen. Cass and Mr. Web

Mr. Webster to Lord Ashburton.

which Europe has been weak enough to adopt. M. ster, virtually abandons the whole ground which he The undersigned will consider any treaty drawn Guizot, in short, in order to obtain the closing of the and Lord Palmerston assumed as an unquestionable up by Lord Ashburton on the basis already under- protocol, could only found his application upon the right. The French minister, following up the pow. slood between the undersigned and Lord Ashburton. formal and imperative manifestations of the chamerful argument of Gen. Cass, will soon put an end

(Signed) DANIEL WEBSTER. bers and of the country. And is not the manifestato the exercise of the right of search by Great Bri

tion more energetic now than ever? The governtain-already Lord Aberdeen has conceded the prin

LETTER V.

ment, then, owes to itself, to the chambers, and to the ciple—and our statesmen are in the disgraceful posi

Lord Ashburton to Mr. Webster.

country, to obtain from England, or to announce to tion of Sawney, aster being detected on his way to Sir: The treaty is now ready for signalure, and her, the definitive suppression of the right of search rob an orchard—"going bock agen.". While Great though I must insist upon the extreme justice of all Lits interest in this affair is in accord with its duty." Britain has thus, in eight months, exhibited two sig. I ask, yet as I now ask for nothing, there can be no The Siecle says: “The English journals have innal instances of intellectual inferiority and pusillani- further ground for difference. I shall return to my formed us that the result would have been very difmily, these degenerale Imericans have achieved over own country with the full conviction that I have done ferent if the electors had given the slightest encourus two mental triumphs, not inferior to their memo- nothing inconsistent with what, at my time of life, agement to our minister of foreign affairs. We can rable capture of Lord Cornwallis at York Town, could have been expected; and as I came out with a easily believe it, and we are disposed to assign to the sixty years ago, and the destruction of Lord Paken- determination to maintain peace, I have fully accom- electoral colleges of France, as well as to the late ham and our army before New Orleans, in 1815. plished the object of my mission.

chamber, the honor of this satisfaction so tardily “This is the evidence of American degeneracy I have several books of arguments, proving the vouchsased to the wishes of France. The sanction which our money changers wail over. To people justice of all the English demands, but as those de- which the treaty concluded by lord Ashburton with accustomed to think and trace effects to causes, such mands are now relinquished, it would be useless to the United States has received in England gives an evidence would lead to the conclusion that universal trouble you with any of them.

immense force to our opinion, and it is difficult to suffrage, uniaxed knowledge, and frequent elections J remain, sir, with accumulated assurances of my suppose that the Britannic government should make were producing in America, a nation, which for in- most distinguished consideration, your very humble it a point of honor to maintain with respect to France tellect, enterprise, arts and arms, and universal com- and obliged servant,

ASHBURTON.

under pretext of zeal for the interests of humanity, fort, had never been equalled."

principles which she has thought fit to abandon in her

recent negotiations." EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE.

We are told, under the German head, that a reply From the National Intelligencer.

to the pamphlet of general Cass has been distributed From the London Punch.

Paris, Nov. 15, 1842.

gratis at Berlin, and the cost is charged to the British LETTER I.

In my rapid epistle of the 1st instant I mentioned government. I should suppose it to be Frussian Lord Ashburton to Mr. Webster.

to you that a certain number of American gentlemen, work, if any official hand is in the matter, and for Sır: I am a very old man, and have come out to residents and visiters in this capital, were preparing which was better known at Berlin. The king of the United States for the sake of peace and quiet. a valedictory dinner to general Cass. I was not a ness between England and America. My private party to the affair, in any way; it took place on the Prussia, you know, is one of the philanthropic alliopinion about the boundary question is, that there is 11th instant, and some of the company informed me

ance. A paragraph of a complimentary strain, "goes a considerable quantity of gammon on both sides, to that the entertainment was excellent, good-humor the rounds” of the Paris gazettes in relation to the say nothing of the enormous amount of spinnage universal, and order perfect throughout. From the departure of general Cass. It ends in these terms: that has been the result of the yarns which 'former printed circular inviting subscription, which I receiv- "we think that the arrival of the general in his own negotiators have been spinning. Diplomacy is all ed, and from verbal statements, I inferred that politics country will considerably increase the chances, almy eye, and perhaps, sir, if I added Elizabeih Mar- would be wholly excluded; but I learn that the ad- ready great, of his candidateship for the office of lin, I should not be going too far in my description dress of the estimable chairman emblazoned the president." Your notes of preparation for the mighty of it.

general's pamphlet on the British claim of visit much struggle sound from many quarters, even to this disI think, sir, it would be almost as pertinent on beyond its intrinsic desert and external effects, as I tance. I do not wish the bead of any man, for whom my part to inquire of you whether your mother appreciate them, at the same time that I adhere to I entertain personal sentiments so friendly as those knows you are out, as to ask whether the country is my original opinion of the propriety and usefulness which I sincerely profess for the general

, ever to lie to be done out of a large portion of territory, which of the publication. The general is said to have dwelt so “uneasy as that wearing the American crown is fit for nothing at all but to grow thistles; and as in his address on the menacing import of the Quin- must ever do, by whatever party or majority it may

be conferred. such I willingly give it up to produce food for the tuple treaty for the liberties of mankind; but I know American citizens. not whether he accepted the credit meant to be giv

At the lord mayor's banquet at Guildhall, on the In my couference with you, I believe I distinctly en, of having defeated that portentous project. 19th instant, Mr. Everett returned thanks for the distated ihat I came out for the sake of peace; and learn that it is the intention of several leading mem- plomatic corps in a short, terse, judicious address, though I am instructed to stick up for the right of bers of the chamber to vindicate, early in the next which is best reported in the London Times. He, fishing for oysters in the St. John's river, I do not session, that credit for the early unanimous vote of most ably and rightfully, pronounced the Ashburton say I may noi make a concession on this point, if the their body, by which the treaty was veloed, and the treaty honorable and beneficial to both parties. We comfort of the natives is an object with your govo ratification of it rendered impossible for the govern- have heard different language from the legation here. ernment. I must, however, distinctly declare that I ment before the pamphlet appeared, and from con- Supposing the terms of the instrument not the most cannot resign the right of looking at the mile stone siderations and feelings entirely national and domes- favorable for the United States, palpably and deon the boundary road; and this point I am the more tic. It is understood that the ratification, and, indeed, monstrably, yet those who represent the American resolute upon, because I think you told me it was to all further participation in the treaty, have been for government, wheresoever and in this meridian in you a matter of indifference. If I was mistaken, mally abandoned by the cabinet. You may find it particular, should think it incumbent on them to put pray let me know, and I will

, reconsider the matter; worth the space to record some of the ideas just ex- the best aspect on the work and predict the happiest but, if I understand you rightly, and you do not ob- pressed by the journals on this subject:

results consistent with any degree of reason, reality, ject to the concession, then, sir, let me tell you em- The Courier Francais says: "We admit at once that and likelihood. I must write to you with frankness phatically that the honor and dignity of the great the cancelling of the protocol, and the consequent on every public matter, and, as I always do, without nation I represent must be maintained; and I shall withdrawal of the signature attached by the French personal bias or individual reference. You will obadhere resolutely to the right of visiting the mile government to the treaty extending the right of serve in the speech of sir Robert Poel, at the lord stone alluded to.

search, are a triumph for the chambers which had mayor's feast, this emphatic passage: Permit me to repeat, sir, that I am a very old man, condemned that treaty. The treaties of 1831 and 1833 “Our earnest wish is to cultivate the relations of and am determined on peace; for it would ill be may bring on a war between two allied nations, and, peace, and to extend its inestimable blessings in come me, at my time of life, to assist in promoting therefore, all prudent men desire their revocation.- every way consistent with the permanent and comwarfare.

Another circumstance, not less imperative, forces us prehensive interests of the country. The object of With assurances of my distinguished considera- 10 endeavor to accomplish by all means in our power our policy is to maintain the lustre of the British tion, I am, sir, your obedient servant.

the abrogation of these treaties. When they were arms on every occasion on which an appeal to them ASHBURTON. signed, England admitted no other means of repres- may be necessary. The object of our policy is to eu

sing the slave trade than the right of search, which courage the demand for labor, and to extend our LETTER II.

ought, she said, successively to extend to all nations. commercial prosperity. [Loud cheering.] The obFrom Mr. Webster to Lord Ashburton. At present she has voluntarily changed the principle ject of our policy is to maintain the public credit and The undersigned, in the name of the American gov- of her public rigtits in this respect, by making with lihat character for public faith which no country can ernment, accedes to all that Lord Ashburton ex- the United States, for the suppression of the slave lose without losing also the main foundation of its presses his readiness to give up, while the under-trade, on agreement which excludes the right of strength and stability.” Bigned consents to nothing that Lord Ashburton re- search, and substitutes for this dangerous expedient

Upon this text the London Morning Post, (high quires. (Signed,) DANIEL WEBSTER. the plan of two squadrons acting in concert. In modifying her position England has modified ours.

Tory) makes the following comments:
LETTER III.

She has virtually repudiated the principle of the “The only circumstance that calls for any partis
Lord Ashburton to Mr. Webster.

treaties of 1831 and 1833 to adopt one of a contrary cular notice with regard to the speech, as bearing Sır: Your note is so far satisfactory that it agrees character. It is, therefore, our duty and our right upon financial questions, is to be found' in the fact to my concessions on the part of England, and your lo insist that France shall not be treated less favora- that the necessity of a strict observance of national obliging intimation that you consent to nothing, I am bly than the United States."

engagements is a moral that was enforced, and this with more than ordinary eloquence, emphasis, and

the festivities were disappointed in being necessarily effect, in the presence of several diplomatic person- DINNER TO GENERAL CASE.

excluded. ages, who could not but have felt a consciousness,

The company sat down at 7 o'clock; when the though perhaps an unpleasant because a humiliating BY HIS FELLOW CITIZENS ON HIS LEAV- chair was taken by the president of the day, R. G. one, of its justice. Mr. Everett, the American min

Beasley, esq. the respected consul at Havre, who was

ING PARIS. ister was present, and was doubtless made to feel

assisted by Nathaniel Niles, J. B. Greene, and F. P. acutely for the trespasses of the defaulting states of Communicated to the New York Courier and Enquirer. Corbin, esqs. as vice presidents. North America, as must have been the representatives The recent departure of General Cass for Ameri- The only guest who was invited, excepting the geneof such of the South American states as were at the ca, after a long and honorable representation of his ral

, the secretary of legation, and Mr. Lewis Cass, jr. entertainment also for the trespassses of those of country at the court of France, was marked by one was the son of the illustrious friend of Washington and the south. There were, however, but few of the of the most gratifying testimonials of respeci ever America, George Washington Lafayette, who unsornumber, and it must be conceded to Mr. Everett received from his fellow citizens abroad, by a diplo- tunately was unable to attend. that the debts of his country, which have been con- matic agent of the United States.

1st toast. The president of the United States. demned to the disgraceful sentence of repudiation,

General Cass had won all hearts at Paris. His 2d–The king of the French. are not national debts at all, but more in the way of turnpike responsibilies so common in the local finan-hospitable mansion was ever open-his fellow citi

The president then addressed the company as folcial affairs of this country, and which are but too zens found in him an ever ready friend and counsellows:

lor; his name was mentioned with delight and respect often suffered to be neglected, likewise to the great by the authorities of France, and there are few ir been called to preside at this festive board, when I

How has it come to pass, gentlemen, that I have states of North America has, moreover, been well any of our foreign representatives who have had the see so many around me so much filter to occupy this appropriated. It has, for the most part, been expend-good fortune to deserve and receive the sentiments chair? I doubtless owe this honor more to the pared in the completion of public works, such as docks, and expressed towards him. And his countrymen, merit of my own, and I have accepted it partly in

of high personal consideration so universally felt tiality of some kind friends among you than to any canals, and rail roads; not wasted in ruinous and useless wars, or on worthless employes and officials, too, knew and felt that in the last crowning act al- this belief, and partly induced by the occasion so as has been the ease in a majority of instances nearer their native land a signal service. They loved the if a friendly partiality has placed me here, a friendly

most of his diplomatic life the general had done grateful to my own heart. Let me trust, then, that home." Here is more liberal views of the case than you man; they admired the dauntless envoy of their com- indulgence will be extended to the deficiencies which

mon country. find in any whig oracle. The Chronicle noticing the

I may here betray. triumphant re-appearance of Mlle. Celeste at New As soon as it was known that he had determined It is needless for me to remind you, gentlemen, that York, remarks that “Jonathan has no want of mo- to leave the post he had so long and so satisfactorily we have come here, without distinction of party, to ney for the encouragement of foreign actresses." filled, to return once more to his home, it was the testify our affectionate respect for our distinguished Fraser's Magazine for this month, has a long, labor- unanimous feeling of his fellow citizens in Paris that guest, Gen. Cass, who has asked leave of our governed, heavy, rancorous article on the Ashburton treaty, it was due to themselves to testify in some small de- ment to return home. which article the Chronicle copies in extenso by in-gree their high regard to their minister; and a meet- His lorg long stay among us has taught us to know stalments. All the obloquy before and during the ing was accordingly held at the American Atheneum, his value, and makes us regret the more our separasession of parliament will fail. The political trou- to consult upon what measures would most appropri- tion—I will not say ou loss, for all fellow citizens, bles in Canada would be enough to reconcile John ately carry into effect their intentions.

all having the same home, we may hope to meet him Bull to the settlement with you, even if his affairs It was the general wish that a public dinner should again. at home and in the east were much less dismal than be offered to General Cass, and a committee, consist

But, besides the respect and affection of his counwhigs and tories and radicals describe them, respec. ing of gentlemen of all political parties, and from trymen, General Cass has enjoyed not only the tively, from patriotic or party impulses. The lan- every section of the union, was accordingly appoint- highest consideration of this court, but the gene. guage of the London Times, of the 7th instant, on ed, to correspond with him, and to make the propertlemen, his absence will be felt and considered a

ral esteem of this community. Here then genthe ulterior projects of the British armies in Affghan- arrangements. istan and on the borders of the Indus, has produced

loss.

The committee met at once and addressed the fola sensation, and many copious “leaders in the Paris lowing letter to the general:

The post of minister at Paris or London is not press. The Aineers of Hyderabad are to be put down; the present chief of the Sikh country “made

Paris, October 20, 1842.

sufficiently understood in our country. Our relations a subsidized monarch,” and his country placed under

To his excellency General Cass.

involving such a variety of interests, it is important British management, and the whole Punjaub to be

Dear General. Your fellow citizens now in Paris ful sentinels, always on the qui vive.

that our ministers at these posts should be, like faithoccupied. The Times adds: “The possession of the having heard of your intended departure for the

And American ministers are obliged to be on the Punjaub and of the banks of the Indus will very soon United States, and seeling a common desire to exhibit enable the Indian government to make good any de- to you some evidence of their high respect and warm alert in a degree far beyond the usual duty of the ficiency caused by the late expenditure of its finan-esteem, have appointed the subscribers a committee representatives of other powers, not only from their We shall regulate the commerce of that noble to invite you to partake of a public dinner at such distance from home, but froin the economical scale

of our public service, which with holds those means river, the Indus, and form India into a compact and time as may best suit your convenience. easily administered whole." I enclose for you a We have the honor to be, with sentiments of great paratively easy; and, gentlemen, from the latter

and facilities that make European diplomacy comtranslation of an autograph letter of the regent of consideration, your obedient servants, Spain to a Spanish friend, which lies on my table. E. T. Throop, A. S. Willington,

cause, we have seen that the services of these two The pennmanship is bold, free and clear; the diction J. B. Greene, Roffignac,

posts have generally impaired the private fortunes of very good; the tone and sentiments do him honor, F. P. Corbin, B. G. Wainright,

our ministers; for-and I am proud to say it—they and all are his own.

Robert Ray,
F. A. Lovering,

have not counted the cost to themselves of a proper
F. C. Stewart,
R. W. Bush,

representation of their country. Translation of an autograph letler from the duke Regent

N. Viles,
F. W. S. Coolidge.

These are posts, then, of difficulty, responsibility,
of Spain to an eminent Spanish savant.
Madrid, July 12, 1842.
To which the following answer was returned:

and personal sacrifice. How General Cass has fillParis, October 21, 1842.

ed his, need I ask you, gentlemen? I am sure I need MY DEAR FRIEND: I received with lively satisfaction your acceptable letter of the 18th ultimo. You GENTLEMEN: I have just received your favor of not; sor, present or absent, you have all been atten should not be surprised if our journals do not notice yesterday, by which you make known to me that you tive observers of so important a representative of your fine book, because, unfortunately, they do not are authorised as a committee of our countrymen in your country's interest and honor. attend to what is most useful for our country. I do Paris, to invite me to a public dinner before my de- Of the manner in which the ordinary duties of not ascribe this so much to things as to persons. I parture. I am very sensible to this kindness, and the office have been fulfilled, I believe, then, that can assure you that it affects me with regard to beg you to accept for yourselves and for the gentle here and elsewhere there has been but one opinion. Spanish destinies, and that I am still more chagrined their good feelings. I owe it more to their generous upon our distinguished guest an extraordinary duty;

But, gentlemen, not long since there devolved seemed to understand so well when we conversed appreciation of my limited, efforts to promote the and as the performance of that duty, bringing him as about their education and propensities. Nevertheless, cause of our country, and the convenience of our it did beyond the line of diplomatic action establishI confide in Spanish regeneration. I trust that we shall countrymen in a foreign land, than to any suced by the usage of uld gorernments has brought him renounce the superficial and futile for what is truly cess I can flatter myself I have attained. It becomes under observation, I shall take the liberty of briefly thinking men, who, like you, incessantly labor for therefore accept the invitation with which you have was one most fortunate for his own reputation, most the solution of social problems on which depends honored me.

auspicious to our country's welfare. pational welfare. Continue, my esteemed friend, to As you are good enough to leave to me to deter- It was an occasion requiring original conception, pursue your excellent plan and studies, and believe mine upon the time, as soon as I have definitely fixed calling for original action; one where a timid mipisthat the present indifference or apathy of the gene. the period of my departure I will make known to ter, retiring within diplomatic usages, would have rality of our countrymen is occasioned only by the you the day which will be most convenient to me, waited for instructions would have hesitated unfortunate excitement of political and other irre- in the hope that it will suit also the convenience of would have lost the occasion of serving his country. gular passions. I rejoice in perceiving that, in this yourselves and your constituents.

But General Cass, gentlemen, was equal to the occapital, opinion about the government has under- With great regard, gentlemen, I have the honor to casion. He saw that, at such an emergency, his gone no slight change in certain circles. The day be your obedient servant, LEWIS CASS. course of action was not to follow precedents and will come when foreigners, and many who are not To hon. E. T. Throop, &c. committee.

rules, however sanctioned by “time honored” usage. so, will see our affairs in the true light, and then will do me justice. I know the great reforms to be

The general having made his arrangements to These were well enough for governments contieffected in our country, and I am not ignorant of the leave Paris on the 12th of November, the eleventh guous to each other; but he was three thousand means of effecting them; but, let me repeat, that the was fixed upon for the dinner, on which day upwards miles from his instructions, and the case was urgent. excitement of the public passions is the great obsta- of eighty of his fellow countrymen sat down to one of He felt then that the case made its own rule; that cle. I may hope that calm and reflection will come, the most recherche entertainments ever provided at his circumstances defined his duty; and he looked to and we Spaniards prove at last such as we ought the Trois Freres Provencaux.

his duty with the enlarged view of a minister plenito be. On this head, as every other, I will receive It is much to be regretted, however, that the only potentiary. your suggestions with the frankness becoming our apartment almost in Paris that was proper for this He saw France on the point of committing herfriendly relations, and be assured of the sincere purpose, was not sufficiently large to accommodate self to a policy which would change our relations friendship of BALDOMERO ESPARTERO. a greater number, as many who were anxious to join' with her which might make us enemies--and he

ces.

I acted.

to me.

a

believed her government did not see the danger. He pass away, leaving unharmed the institutions of the tions on the presidential question, or any other. My therefore felt bound to warn, and even protest. a- country, and exhibiting but in bolder relies the conduct has shown me to be for Mr. Van Buren for gainst a step tending to disturb the peace of the two strength of our political system, and the wisdom and the presidency, and against myself for any place great nations; the one our ancient friend and ally, energy of public opinion. And it is good, while we whatever, except the one I have; and with this dethe other our own, represented by him with plenary are here together in these old regions of rank and claratiorf, I hope my correspondents in all parts of powers. Under such circumstances General Cass distinction, to recall one of the most beautiful traits the union will be satisfied, and will consider their in.

in our whole system of government, of which I am quiries fully answered. Yours, respectfully, Gentlemen, the professed object of the policy in myself a practical illustration; and that is, the per

THOMAS H. BENTON. which France was going to become a party was well rect equality which is the very foundation of our addressed to the ardent sympathies of a generous constitution--an equality which opens all the aven

CORRESPONDENCE. bation: but our minister saw its danger. He rang ues of advancement to the whole community, and

New York, December 10, 1832. out the alarm; and after the tocsin was sounded leaves success or failure to the exertions of each. MY DEAR SIR: You must have observed since your why then, gentlemen, every body saw the fire. That this principle should be dear to me you will at arrival at Boston, that you have been recommended

Gentlemen, our distinguished guest is now about once believe, when I tell you that it is now between in many of the public papers in different parts of the to withdraw from the diplomatic service, retiring forty and fifty years since I crossed the mountains on United States as a candidate for the chief executive upon the only pension known to our laws the appro- foot, without patronage and without powerful family oflice of the republic--and particularly that you were bation of his fellow citizens.

connexion, a young adventurer in that region, then nominated to that office at a large democratic meetLet us hope he will have no reason to be dissatisfi- so wild and solitary, now teeming with life and li- ing at Harrisburg, on the 21st ultimo. ed with the pay berty. And whatever services I have been able to

The manner in which your nomination is mentionLet us trust it will be such, and in such measure, render, and with whatever rewards these have been led by some of the whig papers, is such as to excite as we now mete out to him in the pride and fulness greatly overpaid, I owe all to this life-giving princi- a suspicion among those who do not know you, that of our hearts.

ple-to this great test and preservation of republican you favor whig principles, and some have said that I thank you, gentlemen, for the patience with institutions. Still, my friends, there is obviously, one your views on a national bank are identical with which you have listened to my humble voice on this want in our country; one lesson to be learned, which lihose of the whigs. occasion.

would do more to unite and to render us happy than I know that there is no ground for such suspicions, Let us drink

any measure proposed by any party as a remedy for and that you are entirely willing that your views upon 3d toast. Honor to our illustrious fellow citizen, evils felt or anticipated; and that is, a just apprecia- those subjects should be known to all parties. From and a happy return to a grateful country.

tion of our own condition--a deep-selt realization of the long and friendly relations which have existed [Drank with great enthusiasm, and with three the great blessings we enjoy-a conviction that the between us, before as well as during the time we times three cheers.)

sun never shone upon a land more favored by Provi- were fellow members of the cabinet of president JackGen. Cass rose, and said in reply:

dence, and that all those subjects of discussion which son, and ever since, I take the liberty of asking from I thank you, Mr. President, for the too kind senti- | divide us, important as they are, never can justify you such explanation of your views upon these subments you have been pleased to express towards me, the fierce animosity to which they often give birth, jects, as shall be entirely satisfactory to your politiand I thank my fellow citizens, whose organ you but that they sink into insignificance when placed in cal friends. With the highest respect and esteem, have been, for the distinguished proof of their es- the balance against all that God has done for us to I am your friend and humble servant, teem which their presence and this occasion furnish make us a happy people. This lesson is well learned

MAHLON DICKERSON. me. It is a testimonial which I shall cherish as one abroad, by comparing what we have left with what To general Lewis Cass. of the proudest incidents of a life of almost forty we see around us, and I trust we shall carry it back years devoted to the public service, and chequered with us as a precious acquisition, influencing our by many vicissitudes in peace and in war. This is conduct and opinions for life.

New York, December 10, 1842. its closing scene, and I now return to pass what re- Permit me to conclude by offering you a sentiment

MY DEAR SIR: I have received your letter of this mains to me of time in comparative obscurity. I am in which I am sure you will all cordially join:

day, and have no difficulty in giving you a prompt well aware that during my career I have accomplish- "Our native country-Still nearer the further we

and unequivocal answer to the questions you present ed little to deserve the consideration of my country- are separated from it.” men at home, or the estimate you have been pleased 4th toast. The army and navy of the United States. been so from my youth. I was first called into pub

I am a member of the democratic party, and have to form of my services abroad. I can claim only the 5th. The memory of Washington. merit of good intentions, and that, fortunately, is

lic life by Mr. Jefferson, thirty-six years ago, and am

6th. The memory of Lafayette. virtue so often found among our public men, as to 7th. Peace with all nations, entangling alliances a firm believer in the principles laid down by him. render its absence a signal cause of reproach, while with none, for any end, holy or unholy.

From the faith as taught and received in his day, I its possession is but the exercise of a duty. Events, 8th. The sovereignty of the seas, common to all have never swerved a single instant. to which you have just alluded, called upon me re- nations, but exclusive under every flag.

So much for my general sentiments. cently to interpose, in the name of our country, by a The dinner went off with great eclat, and the com

With respect to a national bank, I think the feeldecisive measure, to prevent the establishment of a pany separated at an early hour, bearing with them ings and experience of the country have decided maritime pretension which would have been as inju- the recollection a most delightful and agreeable even- against it, and that no such institution should bo rious to our interests in its execution, as it was in- ing, and with but one circumstance to modify their chartered by the general government. sulting to our honor in its enunciation. This at- pleasure—the necessity of bidding adieu to him

I will add, that my residence in France, and a tempt to gain the dominion of the seas has failed, as whose guests they had so often been, and who now careful observation of the state of that nation, have every similar attempt will, I trust, hereafter fail. An and for the last time was theirs.

satisfied me that, while a due degree of credit is American representative encounters little hazard in

highly useful in the business concerns of a country, asserting the just claims of his country. He will

a sound specie basis is essential to its permanent

POLITICS OF THE DAY. find a response, as I have done, in the hearts of his

prosperity. With great regard, I am dear sir, truly countryinen, and a reward in their approbation,

GEORGIA LEGISLATURE.

yours,

LEW. CASS. which government can neither give nor take away.

Hon. Mahlon Dickerson. The committee on the state of the republic, in the We, who have put the ocean between ourselves Georgia house of representatives, to whom was reand our native land, can, in my opinion, best appre- ferred that portion of the message of his excellency REPORT OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR. ciate the blessings which Providence has conferred the governor, relative to the preamble and resolutions upon our beloved country. Without seeking to de- of the legislature of last year, transmitted to the

War department, Nov. 26, 1842. cry the institutions of the old world, or to describe Georgia senators in congress, and to the recent ad- Sir: I have the honor to submit the following reits condition as worse than it is, no American can dress of the hon. John M. Berrien, have reported a port upon the various subjects committed to the fail to be struck by the immense superiority in all preamble and resolutions calling upon the said hon. charge of this department: the elements of human happiness which our confede-John M. Berrien to resign, as not representing the The condition of the army, of the fortifications, and rated republic presents over the eastern hemisphere. political views and feelings of Georgia, inasmuch as of the other branches of the military service, and the He who leaves our shores for a residence abroad, they are opposed to a national bank, the distribution state of our Indian affairs, and of the pensions and and does not return a wiser and a better citizen, will of the proceeds of the sale of the public lands, the military bounty lands, are exhibited, as presented in have looked upon life with as little wisdom as profit. abolition or modification of the veto power, and a ta- the copious and very satisfactory reports of the genThe questions, social and political, which agitate riff of protection, all of which it seems were advo- eral-in-chief, and of the heads of bureaus, to whose these large and densely settled regions, are questions cated by Mr. Berrien in his address to the people of immediate direction the respective subjects are asof life and death. Antagonist principles are in con- Georgia, issued just before the general election, and signed. Such suggestions and recommendations as tact, liable at every moment to break into fierce ac- intended to operate on the results. This preamble the good of the service seems to require, are made, tion, and which in their operation may, and probably and resolutions were to be considered on the follow- and an account is given of the measures taken in will, affect the whole frame of society. Changes ing day.

execution of the laws passed at the last session of may come, which can only be produced by desperate

congress. struggles between those who hold and those who seek LETTER FROM COLONEL BENTON. Inspections and examination of the men and means the power; between those who have much and those

Washington City, Dec. 9, 1842. provided for the national desence, by independent and who have nothing; between want and misery striving Messrs. Blair & Rives: A movement of some of responsible officers, afford the only means by which for existence, and wealth and power striving for de my friends in Missouri, which was intended as a an accurate knowledge of their condition can be acfence. Happily for us this state of things is unknown mere compliment to me, and a mere expression of quired, by which responsibility can be enforced, and in our country. We are, indeed, divided into parties, their individual opinions, has brought upon me a by which judicious improvement can be effected. — and this perhaps is one of the conditions of the pre- great deal of trouble in the shape of a cloud of let- During the last year they have been made rigorously servation of freedom. But we have no organic dis- iers from all parts of the union, calling upon me "to and thoroughly. Posts and portions of the army that tinctions by which classes are createu and maintain- define my position in relation to the next presidency.”- have not been inspected for many years, have been ed; we have no physical misery nor political oppres- The number of these letters puts it out of my pow- examined; the fortifications, the armories, arsenals siun to array one portion of the community against er to answer them; and, not to answer, might seem and depots of military stores, have been visited; and another, and to teach it to seek relief in the destruc- to admit the conclusions which they imply; and, to it is believed that but a very small portion of the artion of existing institutions. Our questions, indeed, make a definition of my position, is a thing that I my, and no important military establishment of the are debated with a zeal which proves that all are in cannot do. I never change my position, and, there- government has, during the year, escaped inspection. earnest, and that they result from honest differences fore, never have to find it, or define it. I leave it to The information which the depariment is thus enabled of opinion, respecting persons and principles, and my conduct to tell what I am; and if that is not suf- to obtain, and much of which appears in this report,

sometimes, untortunately, with a bitterness which ficient, I do not think the use of phrases will help the and those of the various bureaus is of the most satise calin patriotism may deplore. But, after all, they matter. I am no political

enigma, and need no solu- factory character.

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