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Gold has recenlly been found in several plnces be- i to others, that the dinner should be dispensed with, and CURONICLE.
tween the rivers of Seneca and Tugio, in South Caro that live meeting should be had in such a manner as lina,
shall impose the least restrictions, and best suit the conAMERICAN FINANCIAL AGENT IN EUROPE. "The New York Tribune learns, froni a private leter from London, vre, of N. Y. ciry, to pave the streets with plales of cast cober, in compliance with an engagement of long standIROY PAVements. A project is bronched by Mr. Lefe. venience of all who may be disposed to atiend it."
Mr. Clay is expected to visit Indianapolis early in Oc. that Mr. Robinson, our financial agent, who went out
iron. A petition to that effect was a few days ago, ing, and a general invitation is extended vithoui disuncto negotiate the twelve million loan, had left Lundon for Antwerp, on his way to Amsterdam. English capirala presented to the buard of aldermen, and referred to a tion of pariy to participaie in the festival.
Committee. ists would have nothing to say to him, and no better prospect was supposed to exist for the negotiation on the IMMIGRATION. The Cincinnati Republican remarks ble battle of Lake Erie occurred on Saturday last. It
PERRY'S VICTORY. The anniversary of the memora. that the imurigration of Germans to tha! City, has never,
was noticed at Providence by a grand military festival Alabama 'The name Alabama, belongs to the Mus- in thinks been so great as at present. They report that and review, to which all the companies of the State coglive ludian tongie, and signifies, "Here we rest."
Several hun were invited. The troops were reviewed by his Excel 1. was the nume of an Indian fortress on the Yu200 dred Norwegiang lately passed westward through Ro. iency, the Governor. chester. Many hundreds have re-embarked from New
(N. Y. Jour. Commerce river.
Rhode Island. The convention in Rhode Island, for APPOINTMENTS. The president has appointed Charles
the Nichols, of Pennsylvania, to be congul of the United day of Arigust have been claimed by each pariy, as beIndiana. The elections in Indiana on the first Mon. Newport on Monday last.
purpose of forming a Siale convention, assembled at Staies for the port of Amslerdan).
ing in its own favor, and several conflicting concisions RAIL ROAD. The Na-hville and New Orleans rail Banks. The Virginia Banks resume specie payments have been published. The Indiana Statesman (V. B.) road (twenty three iniles long, being only constructed so in full on the 18th Sepi. of 17th Aug. gave the following sumunary.
far from New Orleans) was sold at auction on the 224 The banks of Virginia all resumed specie payments
V. Buren. Whig. Aug. 9nd purchased by the state of Louisiana for $50,on the 15th inst.
17 000), at one, two and three years' credit The iron alone The Franklin bank at Columbus, Ohio, resumed spe. New members,
11 is worth double the amoun!, exclusive of the land, and cie payments on the 7th inst.
the engines, cars, depois, and all the necessary ulensils
23 for carrying on the work, all of which were included in Deatus in Baltimore for the week ending 121h Sepi.
Whig majority 6.
the bargain. 53, of whom 23 were above 21 years of age, and 15 louse-V. Buren. were colored persons.
Sandwich ISLANDS. The following statistics will show In Philadelhiu during the past week there were 86
V. Buren majority, 16.
the gravfying results of missionary labors during the last deaths; of these 43 were under two years of age, and 6 V. Buren majoriy in joint ballot 10.
four years at the Sandwich Islands. In the printing de died of consumption. Ai Bellerica, Mass. on 4th inst. James Bennet, a revo: lowing:
The whig papers on the contrary have given the fol- partment, 10,593,950 payes were printed during the sear
ending April 1st. 1811. This includes 4,788,000 pages lutionary soldier at Bunker's flill, I'renton, &c. aged 85
Whis. V. Buren.
of scripture. There have been about 50 books printed. years.
Education is making wundertul advances, as we inter In Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania on Aug. 171h,
from 'he number of scholars allending school, and from
51 James Cunningham aged 84, a svidier of the revolution
the fact that i wenty-eight school houses have been built at Trenton, Princeton, &c.
during the last year. There are 357 common schuols,
75 In New Orleans of yellow fever during the week end.
This vote includes all the counties except Steuben and taught by 505 teachers, and containing 18,034 scholars.-ing Aug. 27th, 13. De Kulb. The report is that there was a je in this dis. A sione church 120 feet by 60, has been finished at kia
lakua. Benevolent contributions by the natives have DESTRUCTION OF DOGS Mr. Ferılan, the officer ap- erict, that the sheriff drew lois who should be chosen,
amounted to $4,380 86. The present number of members puted by the mayor with his assistants, prior to the card that Bent, whig, won, and that Marsh, the opponent of the church is 16,903; of habitual hearers on the Sub25 h June, destroyed 665 dogs. From thai date to the of Beal, will contest the election.
(N. Y. Jour. Com. J6in July, they killed 169 more, and from thence to the 101 instinclusive, 1,133 more have been put to death, a: Baltimore on the 12th inst. Jolin Nelson, Presi: B. C. declared that the inen who supplied nearly all the ca.
MARYLAND. The Van Buren State convention met
SLAVE TRADE. In a recent speech, Lord Brougham making the whole number of dogs destroyed, since ear Howard, Samuel Stevens, H. Humphreys: Wm. Houck, pital embarked in this traffic, the men whose ingenuity ly in June, 2,267.
(N. Y. Jour. of Com Vice Prests; B. C. Presstman and P. F. Thomas. Su cre: detented every attempe to put it down, the men under We understand that the nuinber of dogs taken up in caries. After adoptiug resolutions recugnizing the right Philadelphia (city proper) this sumıner, is between 1,300 of the people to alter, amend or abolish the State Con whose auspices it is now fourishing to an unprecedent and 1,400.
(U. S. Gazette.
ed extent, where British merchants.” This statement ENCAMPMENT. A military encampment, composed of and oppressive--declaring it righi ad poper for the Ge was not denied in Parlamen. a number of companies froin several of the counties in neral Guvern:nent to lay such a tariff of duties as shall Jos Smith. This wonderful tellow is to be bodily abPennsylvania, Ohio and Virginia, was held in the vicini- meet iis expenses, thereby affording incidental proteco sent from his people for ten years, so say the latest acty of Pit-burg last week. The Seubenville Greys ap- tion to domestic labor, and Jenying its right to confer counts.
(Phil. Sent. peared at the encampment dressed entirely in Sieuben exclusive benefits on any particular branch of trave-and ville manufactures. declaring it inexpedient at the present line 10 nominate
THE BRITISH ('oxsul Mr. Buchanan, the British a candidate for i he Presideney the Convention adjourn. Consul for New York, has not resigned but has made EUROPEAN REFINEMENTS. An instance of the shame. eu sine die.
application to his government for the retiring allowance ful imitation of a disgraceful, brutal custom, imported from England by New Yorkers, and maintained in
MassachusLTTS. The legi-lature convened at Boston
to which his age and long terın or service enuile him.
Tariff. The Boston Journal of Thursday says: The broad day light in spite of the puny efforts of the police, on Wideruay last for the purpose of dividing the resulted on Tuesday last in the death of one McCoy, in State into Congressional di-tricis. 'Under the new ap. beneficial effects of the establishment of a new tariff
, a pugilistic coinbat, at which thousands of that commu portionment, Massachusetts is entitled to 10 members, are already sell in this city. Business is evidenily revive nity were spectators, at a spot some miles out of the city. being a loss of yo.
ing, and the many large ships now lying idle at our We si cerely hope that the grand jury will do their dury
The whig convention on the 14 h inst. met. Abbott wharves, will soon be in motion. A degree of confi. by'indicting every individual they can ascertain to have Lawrence, esq. presiding, and nominated Henry Clay for dence seems to have been created by the passage of the participared in the affair for wiltul murder.
presideni, and John Davis, of Massachuseits, for vice tariff bill, which argues well for the fuinre. As laying a suitable foundation for just such results, president.
TOBACCO. The Lynchburg Virginian of the 9th says, we nuliced a short time since, the detection of a com.
MILLERITES. Their great tent erected at Albany is tobacco has advanced at the rate of from 50 cents tv a plete magazine in the same cominunity of obscene prints 140 feei in diame'er supported by a central pue io fece dollar per hundred, in this market. This will be good and publicat:ons, calculated to sup the morals of any ligh and around its circumference by unkts, cost $700, news to our friends in the country, who, for the ius: 12 community, the proprietor of which an Englis!ıman, who well made and filled up en irely with rude seats without nonus, have been almost giving away the produc's sif canie for the purpose of inuking his foriune at any price, backs. ground covered with straw, and can accommo- their labor. The rise has not been confined tuany parhad already amassed a large fortune by the trade. . We dale 25 or 30 hundred people. Or the 23.1 day of April, ticular quality, but all grades have improved in price. observe by the last Boston papers that ihe same business 1813, the world, they say, is to be destroyed by fire.
Superior qualities, Maryland, in the Baltimore marlias bero commenced there. The grand jury have re.
ket ciiniinue to command a fair price, and is in deinand, turned no less than fitiy-six indictments for one month OHIO-CHANGING NAME. A law was passed at the but common and inferior qualities are very duli, and in that city, and which rapid increase they attribute in last winter's session of the Ohio Legislature which con lower prices have in soine cases been submitted lo. a great degree to this cause. We may add, that the fers au borily upon the Couris of Common Pleas, in the adulation of foreign notorieties ot the loosest character, several counties of Olio, to change the names of persons.
Wheat. At Baltimore from 50 for inferior, to 80 cents and whose principal recommendation probably is their Those citizens of Ohio, therefore, who may desire to get tor good Maryland-at Richmond 90. Ai Alexandria graceful disregard of the proper decencies of society, is rid of bud or ugly names, can do so by giving 30 days 75; at Buffalo 76. but å fashionable introduction to this decep'ive paih, notice in some newspaper, and showing reasonable LIEUT. WILKES. Four marines, who allege themsel. down which multitudes are rushing, heedless of their cause for the change.. Young ladies, it is added, still ves to have been maltreaied by Lieut. Wilkes, on departure from the correct standard of our revolutiona. have the privilege of changing their names in the good board of the Vincennes, and other vessels of the explor
[Bull. Amer. Sept. 13.
ing expedition, have brought several suits against ihat These furnish in our estimation additional objections to the project of Dickens, Carlisle, and others, be
Ono DAYTON' CONVENTION. We see by his letter in officer, in the U. S. Couri, New York, und laid their yond the Atlantic, of bringing us in any respect into the Dayton Journal, that Henry Clay has accep'ed damages to a large amouni. are for amity, but no unions—we will trade-not exactly state of Ohio to the state of Kentucky at Dayton, on the Bulletin of the 6;h instant says that the fever is gradually ass ciation as one community. We cry hands off. We an invitation to attend the barbecue to be given by the
Yellow Fever IN New Orleans. The New Orleans in unlicensed untariff tree trade” either, but a fair regu- 19ch inst. Preparations are making to accommodate on the increase in that city, and may not be said to Jated reciprocal trade--but no partnerships. The recent 200,000. John Quincy Adams is expected: Every body have assumed the form of an epidemic. The Board of beslowments of "titles of nobility” upon several citizens is invited.
[Portsmouth (Ohio) Tribune. Health report the death of thirty.eight while audulis durof the neighburing province of Canada, especially such PAILADELPHIA CUSTOM HOUSE. The United Staies ing the week ending on the 3d instant. The admissions men as McNabb, &c., has a tendency to pruduce wide Gazelle of 13th states that Jorvathan Roberts has been to the Charity Hospital on the 4th and 5th instant were distinctions in feelings and interest.
dismissed from the office of collector of the port of Phi- fifteen, of which number fuur had died. Flour, sold at Boston this week at $5. AIN. York ladelphia, and Thomas S. Smith appointed in his place. Ten new cases occurred at New Orleans on the 7th at $1 62 a $4 56. Ai Philadelphia at $4,62. At Balti Other changes immediately followed in the offices of inst. No new cases at Mobile. more at $4 125 a $4 25. Al Cincinnati on the 6ih ineasures, inspectors, storekeepers, &c. Some publica. MORTALITY IN NEW ORLEANS. Comparative mortal. 82 75. Ai Cleveland $3 62. Al Buffalo $4 12.
tions have been made, and considerable feeling and excity from all diseases m New Orleans during three months,
citement is induced. Fare Advanced. The price of passage between Bus.
namely, August, Sep'einber, and October, (the period of ton and New York has advanced to 84. The opposi.
POLITICAL. Mr. Webster, secretary of state, has ac.
The epidemic) in the following years.-1817, 965; 1819, tion has been bought off.
cepled an invitation in n puile dinner rendered to him. 1199. 1830, 863; 1822, 1362; 1833, 2778; 1837, 2230; SWITZERLAND POPULATION. According to a statisti- iance, dated 9. ini."); hilove me great pleasure to by his friends in Boston, Tys ity's in his note of accep. 1839. 1564; 1811, 2231.
Comparison of the yellow fever of 1822 and 1841; in cal account published in one of the Swiss journals, the meei my fellui?. cizens Bevy desire to see me; and 1822, 803 persons died of yellow fever, or 1 in 53.33 of population of Switzerland amounts at present to 2 177,- the mode of such meeling I should leave to them, with the entire population. In 1841, 1325 died, being ono in 495, of whom 1,232,871 arc Protestants
a preference, however, on my part, if equally agreeable / 78.12 of the entire population.
FIFTH SERIES.No. 4.-VOL. XIII.)
BALTIMORE, SEPTEMBER 24, 1842...
(VOL. LXIII-WAOLE No. 1,617.
THE PAST-THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED, EVERY SATURDAY, BY JEREMIAH HUGHES, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
the courage to place his own will above that of con. CONTENTS OF NO. 4, VOL. 13.
FOREIGN ARTICLES, gress! This journal, in its encomiastic fervor, pla
ces Mr. Tyler's act beside that of Cromwell, when FOREIGN News-England, France the regency to de. volve on the duke of Nemours; Russia, anniversary of
Among the passengers in the Great Western, is sir he called out, “take away that bauble!" (the mace of the emperor's marriage.
William Drummond Stewart, who a few years since the house of commons,) and maintains that both NATIONAL-Army. Navy. made a prolonged visit to the Rocky Mountain re
were morally right, because they knew better the STATES OF THE UNION- Massachusetts, nominations for president, vice president, governor, and lieutenant gion of the far west, accompanied by a talented interests of the country than parliament in the one
case, or congress in the other. The same paper governor; Vermont, election; Rhode Island, Pennsylva- young artist of Baltimore, who executed a number adds that republicanism has, within itself, the seeds MISCEILANEOUS.
of admirable views of the remarkable scenery which of its own destruction, and, in proof thereof triumCORRESPONDENCE of Webster with the commmission came under notice during the expedition. It is sta- phantly points to this fourth exercise, by the head of
a republic, in defiance of the legislature, of a power ers of Maine and Massachusetts on the northeastern ted that he designs to revisit the same region. which it truly says no crowned constitutional head boundary. CORRESPONDENCE OF MR. WEBSTER AND LORD Ash- Orders for goods from a New York house, on a in Europe would dare to exert!
"The London times charges all the difficulty on house in Sheffield, England, sent out by the Great ON THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE,
the subject of the tariff, to the selfishness of the AmeON TBE CASE OF THE CAROLINE, Western, was filled by the return of the steamer
rican people insisting upon pocketing the proceeds ON THE CASE OF THE CREOLE,
the goods were received in thirty-seven days from of the public land sales. "The Statesman (meaning ON IMPRESSMENT. the date of the orders.
John Tyler) appeals in vain against that principle of CHRONICLE.
The steamer Great Western left Liverpool on the self-interest which lies at the foundation of demo
cratic institutions.' He magnanimously adds: "Un. THE TREATY AT WASHINGTON—the nego- 3d, and reached New York on the 17th, with ninety- der these circumstances we cannot withhold our tiation. We inserted the outlines of the treaty nego six passengers, amongst whom was Madame Celeste compassion for the embarrassments of the American tiated between Mr. WEBSTER and Lord ASABURTON Elliott, on her way to Baltimore to look after her government, and our conTEMPT for the OBSTINACY in the Register of the 27th August,--the president's late husband's estate.
and IGNORANCE of a PEOPLE who know neither how
to govern, nor how to obey.' message to the senate on laying the treaty before
The steamer Acadia left Liverpool on the 4th, "One of the funniest articles I have read for a them for their advice or ratification, in the Register landed 23 passengers at Halifax, received 12 there, long time, is the enclosed commentary of the Lonof the 10th inst., and commenced the publication of and brought fifty-two to Boston, which she reached don Morning
Herald on the speech of Mr. Adams, the correspondence in relation to the northeast and
reviewing the measures of the session, (which is on the 18th.
given, by-the-by, at length.) It is really worthy of northwest boundary lines in the Register of the 17th; Nothing of importance has occurred in Europe republication-is only to show the profound acquain-that topic is in this number of the Register com- since previous dates. The Great Western brought tance of British writers with American history. Mr. pleted, including official papers from the commission- French overland telegraphic despatches from India John Quincy Adams is represented as the grandson ers of the states of Maine and Massachusetts, and is ture of their affairs there. The European of the 4th hauled over the coals very savagely for his democra
of sickness in the English army, and a gloomy pos- of the second president of the United States-and is followed by the communications which passed be brought by the Acadia, contradicts the account as cy which leads him to embarrass the conservative, tween the ministers upon the other topics of negotia- untrue.
Mr. Tyler. It will afford-the ex-president a hearty tion, the question of the AFRICAN COAST TRADE-THE The American minister, E. Everett, is on a visit laugh. Do send it to him.
"The veto has been received with mingled feelCAROLINE CASE-THE CREOLE CASE-and lastly ThE to Paris. O'Connell declines being a candidate again
ings by the commercial classes. Of course, it would SUBJECT or ÎMPRESSMENT. This we presume com- for mayor of Dublin.
be very satisfactory to the manufacturers, if protecpletes the official correspondence. We are indebted
tion of American industry should be entirely struck to the New York Courier and Enquirer for the copy THE TREATY OF WASHINGTON. Accounts of the down, and forever-but then they find also that the of those papers. How that paper came into posses- treaty had reached England, and its ratification by and they suffer more from the consequent general
same blow is felt upon the finances of the countrysion of them before the injunction of secrecy was re- our senate was confidently anticipated. Hearty con- depression of trade and business in our country,than moved remains unexplained. There appears to be gratulations teem from the press upon the adjust they are likely to gain from any low rate or duties no doubt of their authenticity, and it was desirable ment of difficulties, yet some of the ultra partizans on British products."
As an offset to the exultations of the royal presses to complete the publication in as few numbers as strongly censure Lord Ashburton for conceding too possible. The treaty itself, however, we shall not much-and almost all the leading British journals upon the celowe listen for the ture to change so venture to register until officially promulgated. declare that all the concessions have been made by We may then expect every wire which the wealth,
A perusal of the correspondence has but fortified the British representative. The London Times, power and intrigue of Eugland and France, aye, and the impressions which we early imbibed and have while approving the terms, admits, as it were autho- Germany too, can set in motion to be exerted in or
der to distract our councils and endeavour to pull repeatedly expressed in relation to the admirable se- ritatively, that concessions have been made by Great down our American system,—which threatens more lections which had been made by both powers, with Britain, but maintains that they were honorable to vitally than either armies or navies, the existence of whom to entrust the nogotiations. The whole cor- her generosity and forbearance that the world their monstrous corruptions, the support of their prirespondence evinces that the highest tone of patriot- could not mistake her motives that no one could subjection the bone and sinėw of their immense ism is compatible with a liberal conception of the attribute any other principle of action in the matter communities, and wherewith they degrade human motives of others, and that good feeling and good com- than a wish for peace and friendship. The London beings to conditions below that of slavery itself! mon sense form the best ingredients to rely upon for Morning Herald, (Tory), de ares that too much has
The disturbances in the manufacturing districts
have subsided, or nearly so. The "turn outs” had either the preservation or restoration of harmony.
been yielded to the Americans; and that if the same “turned in” again, and business was rather better. We look for the ratification of the treaty by the course of concession is continued, our government The report of burning Sir Robert Peel's residence British government as a matter of course. The offi- will not stop until it accomplishes its evident resolu- was untrue. The chartists as well as the anti-corn cial interchange of copies will follow, the injunction tion “to expel British dominion entirely from the bill association, repel the imputation of being con
cerned in the late outbreaks. The suffering operaof secrecy will expire, and the treaty will be official American continent!"
tives found they had no party, not even the radicals ly published. Meantime the British papers brought THE VETO OF THE TARIFF BILL, BY PRESIDENT Tr- to rely upon. Their distress remained unmitigated; by the last arrivals furnish us with their comments LER.
The London correspondent of the Baltimore their spirits more than ever broken down. upon the terms of the treaty, a brief notice of which of President Tyler's determination in regard to the and vesed at the subsidence of the commotions in
Patriot writes: "Although we had been forewarned The Paris Radical politicians seem disappointed will be found under the foreign head.
tariff, the actual reception of the veto created great the manufacturing and mining districts of Great BriThat England was as anxious to maintain peace as surprise. I do not exaggerate in stating that the tain. It is a miserable failure, they remark, but not we were, and had brought herself to the determina-majority of Englishmen whose minds were turned surprising, because the British laborers of every detion fo preserve it, and settle existing disputes at the ness-the embarrassments of the general govern- neither load nor fire a gun; they can only throw price of any reasonable sacrifices, we judge from a ment and the states--the circumstances under which stones; they crouch, srom habit, before any array of review of her position both political and commer- the bill was matured and passed by both houses of the aristocratic power the French and
Spanish opecial , and of the apprehensions which she must enter- congress-were astounded at this extremo exercise ratives
and peasantry differ from them entirely
in tain of the disastrous effect of such a charge in those ration of all the strongest upholders of royal prero- in France or Spain may always end in revolutions,
of power. This act receives the unqualified admi- those respects, and hence wide-spread insurrections relations, as a war with the United States must pro- gative, and all the most uncompromising admirers of Besides, the English regular troops, being the drege duce.
popular rights, in the old world. The declared and outcasts of society, and officered from the rich The letters exchanged between the ministers upon ing organ of the high Tory London clubs, and the people, the government can depend upon their obe
ground for the encomiums of the Herald, the morn- classes or the superior, have no sympathies with the the subject of impressment, deserve attentivo perusal. I fashionable aristocracy is, that President Tyler has) dience to any purposes and orders:
Vol. XIII-Sro. 4.
The Paris correspondence of the National Intelli-plied, in the opposition journals, on the orations, a requital tó him for the manifestation of a disposigencer adds: *There is but one part on the other feasts, and adulations of which he is already the ob- tion in Germany to naintain the
nationality of Poside of the channel disposed and watchful to exas-ject. He evinces his modesty and sense by the fol- land in accordance with the treaty of Vienna, and perate the strikes and banded vagrancy into political lowing reply to a commanding officer, who referred from a spirit of dissatisfactio. at the late papal alloand persevering rebellion; and that party, Chartists, flatteringly to his new position:
cution of July 22nd in respect the grievances of Jack every requisite for success except loose and "My dear general: I can never hope to replace my the Catholic church in the Russian empire, said by brute numbers. O'Connell early and justly appreci- poor brother, who was so superior to me in all things; them to have been elicited through Austrian infituated them in their proffer as auxiliaries of Ireland, but I will do my best. Every one has qualities pecu- ence. and I presume that, in regard to London, the Stan- liar to himself, and it will be by acting accordin General Grabble commander of the Russian army dard of the 22d inst. does not vastly hyperbolize, when my own character, and to whai heaven wills that I in Circassia has been defeated with the loss of 6,000 it says:
should be, that I will endeavor to fulfil what is ex-soldiers and 80 officers. "There is a floating rumor of a Chartist move-pected from me. It is already much, to have right
SOUTH AFRICA. ment to be attempted in the metropolis to-night. The feelings and the desire to do good. This is what will Another cloud has lowered over the brilliancy of thing being foreseen is ridiculous. The kitchen maids always be found in me.”
the British arms. We have to chronicle the partiof the city would be able, and, we believe, not unwilling to sweep the whole Chartist body into the from the prison of Ham, July 26th, is not without inA CAPTIVE PRINCE. The following letter, dated culars of a reverse in South Africa.
It seems the Dutch colony at Port Natal, have proThames with their brooms." terest:
claimed themselves independent of the British authThe season has been one of the best ever known, crops every where excellent, provisions abundant and written by Miss Louisa Costello, in which I remark- A detachment of troops was finally sent under the
"Sir: I have read in the Post an extract of a work orities, and formed a new constitution of their own. cheap. The Anti-Corn Law Asssociation is still urging ates in that mournful retreat (the Castle of Ham) his reduce them to submission. The official report of
ed these words: ‘Prince Louis Napoleon now expi- command of capt. Smith, of the 27th regiment, to their cause upon the ministry, but with little prospect breach of honor and mad imprudence. For the last that officer has been received, communicating the deof success. American securities were totally neglected, scarce- poticed the many absurdities advanced respecting Dutch "Boors," as they are called, were encamped
two years that I have been a captive I have never seat of the detachment, with considerable loss. The ly a transaction being heard of, and the accounts by my descent at Boulogne. It is useless for the van in force at Congella, numbering over 6,000 strong. each steamship being almost worse than before.
quish to submit to discussion the caprice of fortune;! The road to the encampment had mangrove trees on The loan for the general government has not been but, when my honor as a man is attacked, I do what one side and water on iho other, and as the English mentioned for some days past, and the commission- lies in my power to defend it; a pure conscience is troops made their appearance, a murderous fire was er, Mr. Robinson, is travelling in Germany, the all that is left me. Being convinced that the inten- poured in upon them from behind the trees, not an last accounts from him being from Baden Baden, a tion of insulting misfortune cannot enter a woman's enemy being in sight. The troops relurned the fire fashionable watering, place, where there is not much heart, I beg to subjoin the copy of a letter I wrote but of course without effect, and the detachmeat was to be done in the business of negotiating the sale of on the subject to the Journal du Peuple on the 9th of forced to return with severe loss, leaving also two bonds. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert embarked on whatever with the French government. Five years December last: 'I never contracted my engagement field pieces behind.
LIBERIA. board the Royal George Yatch, on the 30th ult. in ago I was set at liberty against my will and without Dates to 21st June are received. The Native great state, and accompanied by two sloops of war conditious. During my trial at the court of Peers, chapel at Monrovia was destroyed by fire on the 28th and a fleet of steamers, iwo of which towed the Yatch, the attorney general was obligned to acknowledge April. proceeded for the Forth.
it. I never failed in my word, and never will.' I The message of Gov. Roberts, who succeeds the After three days, during which the queen had some have no doubt that the author of 'A Pilgrimage to late Gov. Buchanan, presented to the legislature of experience of the stormy seas surrounding her rock- Picardie and Auvergne' will regret having added the Liberia on the 4th of April last, represents the Amebound isles—for there were several stiff north wes- pain of calumny iw the sorrows of captivity. I take rican colony to be in a very flourishing condition. ters--the royal squadron arrived in Leith Roads on this opportunity, sir, of expressing my thanks for the The general health of the people is good, and the Wednesday night, and remained at anchor till next interest you have often manifested in my behalf, civil and religious institutions established in Monromorning, when the queen for the first time, touched and semain, &c.
via are said to be exerting a most happy induence the soil of old Caledonia. The intelligence of her
“NAPOLEON Louis BONAPARTE." over the natives, who are daily adopting the customs arrival at night, was made known, through the length
THE FRENCH COLONIES. The Courier des Etats of the colonisto. and breadth of the land, by blazing bonfires on Ar-Unis gives an almost frightful accouni of the French
INDIA. thur's Seat, which were answered, by similar illumi. colonies. At Martinique, St. Pierre, Guadaloupe, Telegraphic despatches from India, brought via nations, on the loftiest mountains in Scotland. She Pointe-a-Petre, the distresses are the greatest, and Malta and Paris, from Jellalabad, 22d June, are of was received, at Grantop pier, by the duke of Buc- petitions are put forth to the proper authorities for a most dismal aspect to the British
cause. They state take in the arrangements, the magistrates, and the change of laws, with a view of obtaining a better that sickness,
extreme heat, the want of food, and the state of things.
simoons, are destroying the army. The discontent public generally, were not aware that she would land
and the inaction in which the army is left, are at at so early an hour as she fixed upon-half past eight,
The BELGIAN Tariff. The Moniteur Belge of their height. Ukbar Khan has seized the Bala Hisand the worthy officials did not even get a glimpse the 15th contains the royal ordinance fixing the du-sar, and the treasures which were left there. The of her, until she had passed through the city, and ties on linen threads, cloths, wines, and silk goods, governor general has given full permission to gewas far on the road to Dalkeith Palace, (the duke of and states in accordance with the treaty with
France, neral Pollock to act as as he may think proper. Buccleugh's), where she holds her courts. Thouthat
Symptoms of mutiny have shown themselves sands, also, of her subjects were disappointed in the same way-many persons who had paid two, three, is thus drawn up: "In consequence of a modifica
Article 6, which refers to French wines and silks, among the Seiks.
The news from Candahar is to the 11th of June, and five guineas stands
in the line of route, har- tion of the customs' law at present in force, the en- and is without interest. ing failed to reach their places in time to gratify trance duties on wines and silk goods of French pro
The Morning Chronicle of the 3d states that Lord their longing eyes with a sight of a bona fide queen duction shall be subject to the subjoined larilt:- Ellenborough has not even
left General Pollock to There were, however
, crowds upon crowds on the French wines, in cask, 50 cents the hectolitre, and in act according to the best of his judgment, but has watch
from the dawn, and she had a most, enthusi- bottles 21. French tissues, silk goods, such as satins, sent him explicit orders to retreat from Jellalabad, astic reception, from the moment she stepped ashore, velvets,
ribbons, &c. 4f. the kilogramme; plain silk with his whole army, in October, or as soon as the and in her whole progress through the modern handkerchiefs, 4f. the kilogramme; printed ditto, 4r. season was favorable for return. This step the ChroAthens. The most novel and agreeable parts of her the kilogramme.”
nicle denounces in terms of the utmost indignation. Scottish escursion, will be her visits to Taymouth,
On the other hand, other London papers give a difScone, and Drummond--where the greatest preparations have been made to give her a Highland wel of the emperor's marriage with the sister of the PrusOn the 25th July uit. the twenty-fifth anniversary ferent version of the news.
Intelligence from Bombay to July 19th, Calcutta, töme, with all the accompaniments of feudal state sian king, a grand review took place at St. Peters- July 8th and China. May 26th. and magnificence, and to show Prince Albert the burg. As the details of the ceremonies have not General Pollock was on the 24th of June at Jellasports of the moors and bills, deer stalking, grouse- been published in the Petersburg journals and immedi- labad, and it would seem, whatever
the orders preshooting, and stag hunting,
ately afterwards the Prussian king who had proceed- viously issued may have been, that he is to remain The weather in both England and France for sudeed thither to add to the interest of the celebration, there until the arrival of the season which would time has been superb.” Over the whole of Eng-took his departure and returned to Berlin, the Euro- allow him to retire through the Punjaub. Contrary fully secured, north of that and in Scotland and Tre- pean press bas been busily engaged in supplying va- to the French telegraphic despatch, the troops have
rious rumors of a detected conspiracy to assassinate not suffered from sickness and other casualties; on land about half
of the grain is cut. Abundance every the emperor. It was said that the Russian nobility the contrary, the health of the troops was tolerably where.
had become alarmed at the disposition he had mani- good. Orders to maintain his position have also FRANCE.
fested to emancipale all tho serfs of the empire, been despatched to General Nott, at Candahar, who The debates on the regency question form the having already a few months ago emancipated' liis has not only done so, but gained a brilliant victory mass of French news. The bill as presented by the own, and attributing his course to the induence of over the Affghans, led on by Suster Jung, (the younggovernment appointing the duke of Nemours to that his Prussian connexions, had determined to sacrifice est son of the late Shah Soojah) who was himselt contingent station, was decided by a vote of 310 in favor the royal brothers on that day in the presence of the made prisoner. This action took place on the 29th and 94 against it, besides 26 who refused to vote army on review that the Prussian king however of May, beneath the walls of Candahar. The Bri. without the special instructions of their constituents. was made acquainted with the plot on the day of his tish arms have also been crowned with victory at An amendment was offered first by Montlaville, De- arrival, and that measures were adopted accordingly Kelat-i-Ghilzie on the 21st of May, where Colonel lespaul, and St. Albin, that the regency, should de- - the guards doubled, the dubious regiments proper- Wymer, who had been sent to relieve that place, de volve upon the mother of the heir should he yet be ly disposed of, and the ringleaders banished to Sibe- feated the enemy with considerable loss. "In Queta minor at the death of Louis Philippe. Fifty radi- ria. Another version is that a splendid chair of so- tah the troops appear to have suffered severely from cals only supported the amendment and it was of lid silver armed with two poignards moved by a se- sickness. course negatived. M. de Sade offered an amend- cret spring and to operate upon his laking his seat so Respecting the movements of Akbar Khan, we ment restricting the regency, to the oldest of the as to ensure his death, was to have been presented to learn that he had succeeded in capturing the Balla paternal uncles of the minor king, this was also ne- him on that day as a mark of the loyal attachment of Hissar at Cabool, where he had nominated himself
his boyards, and that this led to the detection of the the Wuzeer of the nominal Shah Futteh Jung, the The duke of Nemours is already Alling, in the north plot.
successor of Shah Soojah. One of the most imwith the troops and municipalities, the part of his de
The Eaglish, papers consider the speedy return of portant occurrences, however, is the order by the funct brother. Strioturus, plausible enough, are multi. I the Prussiao king and the coolnes of his reception as governor general far the formation of an army of
reserve of 20,000 men, under the command of Gene- carrying on their operations against Texas and Yu-
caped the vigilance of the British authorities and has TRUE CAUSE OF THE AFEGHANISTAN WAR. We
arrived in the Gulph of Mexico. The brig Alexan- PRESIDENT TYLER has retired to his residenco copy the following from a late number of the Londria, arrived at New Orleans on the 22d ult, spoke a in Virginia for a short time. The
death of his la don Herald. In what a light does it put the unholy large new iron steamer upon the coast of Yucatan, companion in life, added to the duties incident to war now waged by Great Britain in Central Asia. fully manned and armed, supposed to be the Guada closing of a long session of congress, renders some That region is at least one thousand miles from the loupe, from England.
pose indispensable. He of course declines all public, British possessions in India, and the invasion of it with the Montezuma, a very formidable steamer, havo
The Mexican agents were not so lucl however iestimonies of respect that have been tendered.
We learn from the Norfolk Herald that the presiwas as wanton an act of aggression as was ever pero ing 4 long 32 pounders, two
32 carronades, one 68 dent of the United States and his family, having by the subjoined unimpeachable testimony, has been pounder, 500 rockets, shells, &c. and a full crew of performed the mournful task of sepulture to the res aggravated by an attempted act of the grossest treach- men and officers, Richard Francis Cleveland,
post mains of Mrs. Tyler, in the county of New Kent, ery. We may commiserate the fate of the thou- captain in the royal
navy, commander, with eight or were received on board the steamer Patrick Henry, sands of innocent individuals, who, in obedience to addition to twelve marines, all of whom have been landed at 4 o'clock, at Old Point Comfort, on Mon
ten officers, boatswain, gunners, and 150 seamen, in at the Grove, (a few miles above Jamestown), and orders, have been driven into that wild country as to a slaughter house, but if none should ever return the in her majesty's service.
day. event could not but be regarded as a most righteous
The crew had received each in advance £6; they national retribution.
were engaged for three years certain at £3 a month, The hon. J. C. SPENCER, secretary of war, arrived From a Calcutta Correspondent. "I fear that our end of one year. Each man, on retiring from the ceived with the usual honors.
with permission to terminate the engagement at the at Fort Monroe on Saturday morning, and was renational character for political integrity has sustained a severe blow at the hands of the late Cabool service, was to receive 25 besides his wages, to car
DIPLOMATIC. MEXICAN MINISTER TO THE U. enroy, Disclosures are now being made which tell ry him home. She cost 70 or £80,000 sterl. This a deplorable story of fraud and duplicity, forbidding splendid ship on the eve of sailing, was seized by off - States. We learn from Tampico, 25th ultimo, that perfidy of the Alighans. Sir W. H. N'Naghten's has furnished himself, it is said with ample proof. us ever again to speak with a clear conscience of the cars of the customs for a breach of neutrality, alledgDon N. ALMONTE has been appointed minister ple
ed by Gen. Hamilton, and of which that gentlemen nipotontiary to the United States. He has the repudeath is now clearly shown to have been the imme
tation of being a sagacious and cool-headed man.
The hon. Ashbel Smith was at Paris when Gen. It was generally thought that this appointment would diate result of his own treachery. He had entered into a "plot--the word is his own—for the betrayal Hamilton effected his seizure. Ho has since assist tend to close the breach between the two goveruof Ameen Oollah Khan, one of the chief leaders of ed, and doubtless will co-operate zealously, both pri- ments. the insurgents, with whom he himself
had previous- vately, as well as officially, in making it good. ly been in treaty; and it was at the conference which
In the event of condemnation, one half of the for
FINANCES. The New York Express of 10th had for its end the sacrifice of this man, that the en- feiture goes to the queen's officers, and one half to
says-We learn from the highest authority that the the voy was killed by Mohammed Akbar.
person who lodged information at the customs.
secretary of the treasury does not intend to issue any " Who provokes
state that a Mr.
Joseph Wells has offered to loan the On the contrary, his intention is to put none into mar. Treason in others, to a traitor's death, Mexican government the sum of $7,000,000, on condi. ket. He is enabled to take this course in consequence Justly condemos himself."
tion that he be permitted to import from London a of the offers that are made to him, to take any portion The envoy had conspired with Mohammed Akbar certain quantity of English cotton goods. The pror of the twelve million loan. He has an opportunity Khan for ihe delivery into his hands of Ameen Ool- position had been laid before congress, but had oot of disposing of any portion of it, at par, but he is lah; and it was at their conference, which terminat been acted on. The domestic manufacturers were holding a larger portion of it at a higher rate. The ed by the death of McNaghten, that the last named protesting loudly against the project.
offer to take a million and a half of the loan from chief was to have been betrayed into the hands of the
BUENOS AYRES. British minister. To secure the success of the "plot,”
this city, is probably closed.
Dates to 9th July. General Rosas re-assumed the the envoy had desired general Elphinstone to order functions of government on the 4th of July, the deleout two regiments on special service, telling him at gate governor having his hands full with his duties as
CONSULS, &c. By letters and papers from Per. the same time what he needed them for, and con- minister for foreign affairs.
nambuco, it appears great indignation is felt at the gratulating himself on every thing being in such Admiral Brown sailed from Buenos Ayres on the removal of Joseph Ray, who for 20 years has been the good train. It is reported that general Elphinstone 26th June with five vessels under his command to efficient and fuiihtul United States consul at that port, slarted on hearing the word "plot,” and said, that is look after some Montevidean vessels that had enter- affording every aid to not only his own countrymen an ominous word to issue from the mouth of an Enged the Uruguay, with a view of constructing a batte- but to those of other nations.
0. S. Morse, esq. U. S. consul at St. Johns, Porto the conference and met Akbar Khan. The Khan, who ry at Punta Gorda. it is now said had no intention of betraying his country- and not a French vessel as reported, that foundered
The Montevidean bark Leapoldina Rosa it was, Rico, has arrived at Norfolk.
Richard Pollard, esq. late charge d'affaires of the men,but had listened to the overtures of the British en- on the east coast of the Banda Oriental. The cap. United States at Chili came passenger in the St. voy solely to test his good faith, although the proposal tain and two hundred emigrants on buard perished.
Louis from Rio Janerio. made to him was, as regarded his individual inte
Executions are numerous at Buenos Ayres; five rests, a most advantageous one, began to reproach persons were shot on the 30th ult. Among them
OPERATION OF THE TARIFF. One of tho M'Naghten with his dishonorable conduct, his too eri- was Henry Ibbotson, a native of the state of Maine, salutary and immediate effects of the passage of tho dent desire to overreach the Affghans by any diploma-l who had been first lieutenant of the Oriental brig of revenue bill, was that of restoring confidence and tic trickery, however unscrupulous it might be, and war Conanchas,” captured by Admiral Brown's improving the credit of the sound stocks of the counfinished by summoning him to Dunbar, there to meet squadron. The unfortunate man was landed, severo- try, and those of the gevernment itself, particularly. Ameen Oollah and the other assembled chiefs, and I wounded in the action, and sent to the hospital; Government stocks advanced from 97 to 101, ia tho to explain his conduct before them. Akbar Khan from the hospital he was discharged without parole or New York market. called upon the envoy to mount a horse, which bad restriction, and being in a destitute condition, was The New York Express states that a very consibeen provided for him; the envoy refused to do so, supported by the charity of his countrymen, in Bue- derable amount of European goods have recently arand the Khan dragged him or pushed him forward to
nos Ayres. In the month of April the captain of the rived in that city which will be returned without beenforce compliance with his orders. M'Naghten schooner Delta, bound to Boston, offered 'Ibbotson a ing landed, in consequence of the tariff. It is to be resisted, blows were exchanged, and, at last, Akbar passage and in the act of going on board he was ar- regretted, that any loss or inconvenience should acKhan, in a state of esasperation, drew his pistol and rested, and imprisoned, and at I o'clock on the morn- crue to individuals, but it is no serious loss to the shot the envoy.. This is the story which has now ing of the 30th was shot. The body was asterward country. transpired, and there is every reason to believe, the seen at the Recoleta” with three ball holes in the But whilst the tariff bill has been hailed in alınost true one; for it rests upon the evidence of Capt. Mac- breast, and the throat cut and perfectly naked, the every other part of the Union with decided approbakenzie, who was present at the conference, and of monsters refusing burial to the corpso. The consul tion, there are leading politicians south of us that Gen. Elphinstone, who was well acquainted with the and Capt. Ogden interceded with the delegate gover: are denouncing its provisions in the most unqualified events which proceded and conducted to it. That nor, Don Felipe Arana, for his life, and were told terms. The Richmond Enquirer immediately on its is a sad tale for an Englishman to narrate!"
that it would be perfectly safe. Such are the cruel-passage hoisted the party Aag of "repeal, repeal," CHINA.
ties practised in Bijenos Ayres. Humanity calls and predicted that the next congress would erase its The intelligence from China is to May 29th, but aloud for the interference of the higher powers, that iniquitous provisions from the statuto book. The fourteen days later than we have had direct from there may be a termioation to such revolting and Carolinian” published at Columbia, S.C., and conthence. Only part of the forces from England had bloody scenes.
sidered to be under the immediate influence of Mr. arrived, and no important movement had been made.
The Oriental government, under date of June Calhoun, denounces the act as "the most protectivo, Another slaughter of the Chinese had taken place 11th, intimated its willingness to reduce or rescind fraudulent, perfidious, oppressivo, tinjust and unconat Tsekee, near Ningpo, on the 15th with but slight the 16 per cent. existing extraordinary duties on im-stitutional” ihat has ever been passed and proceeds to Joss on the part of the British. An improbable rumor ports, and the five per cent. on domestic exports, say: If it be not repealed when the democrats come prevailed of the flight of the emperor into Tartary: provided the merchants would come forward and into power, it must be nullified; and nothing prevents It is customary with him to make an annual visit Subscribe "a sum such as shall be considered suffi- us from urging an immediate resort to that rightful thither.
cient to entitle them to the said concession.” Eight remedy, but a disiaclination to use it in any but ex. TEXAS.
days were allowed them for this purpose, after which treme cases, and a hope, however faint, that the do. Advices to the 29th August. Capt. Elliott, British the government would determine whether to rescind mocrats will repeal it when they come into power." charge d'affairs is welcomed in the Houston papers. or not.
The iron and nail works in Troy, whioh had been Since the battle of Lefantitiau no Mexicans have MONTEVIDEO. A letter from Montevideo of 13th suspended for several months, have again been put made their appearance, and the western frontier is June says, that the projected invasion of the Orien- in operation. This is one of the effects of the late quiet. The Texan troops are withdraw from Lamar; tal republic by its former president, Oribe, is defer- tariff. Victoria is now the extreme frontier on that direc-red until the spring, his army, 10,000 strong, winter- The Mattewan factory has again boen put in ope
ing, meantime, in the province of Santa Fe. The ration, and 400 hands are now employed in it. The MEXICO.
Oriontal government was making strenuous exertions factory of Mr. Tech at Haverstraw, New York, ban WAR STEAMERS. Agents of the Mexican govern- for defence. One of the measures proposed was to recommenced work with 200 hands. A number of ment have had two or three large steam Srigaies con- emancipate all the negroes, 5.000 of whom, it was other factories are preparing to commence work, structed in England, fitted and manned inere, for estimated, were capable of boaring armas.
aod altogether there is a brighter prospect aliunde
Lower Canada would attempt a passage in this diroc- , southwesterly to a straight line, to a point on the the relinquishment, by the commonwealth of Massa tion, leaving the Chaudiere on one hand and the route northwest branch of the river St. John, which point chusetts of territory which she always claimed to be by Madawaska on the other.
shall be ten miles distant from the main branch of a part of her possessions, and to which we believe if this line shall be agreed to, on the part of the the St. John, in a straight line and in the nearest di- she has a clear and indisputable title. So strong is the United States, I suppose that the British minister rection; but if the said point shall be found to be less conviction of the right of Massachusetts and Maino would, as an equivalent, stipulate, first, for the use than seven miles from the nearest point of the high-to the undisturbed enjoyment of the land constituting of the river si. John, for the conveyance of the lands that divide those rivers which empty them. what is called the disputed territory, by force of the timber growing on ang of its branches, to tide wa- selves into the river St. Lawrence from those which treaty which terminated the war of the revolution, ter, free from all discriminating tolls, impositions, fall into the Atlantic ocean, then the said point shall that she would prefer an appeal to the same arbitraor inabilities of any kind, the timber enjoying all be made to recede down the said river to a point ment by which the acknowledgment of her right was the privileges of British colonial timber. All opi- seven miles in a straight liue from the said dividing originally obtained, to a surrender, without just equinions concur, that this privilege of navigation must highlands; thence, in a straight line. in a course about valents, of any portion
of their territory. Still, she greatly enhance the value of the territory and the south. eight degrees west, to the point where the pa- is aware that the government and people of the U. timber growing thereon, and prove exceedingly use- rallel of latitude of 46 25 intersects the southwest States desire to preserve peace and friendly relations ful to the people of Maine. Second, that Rouse's branch of the St. John; thence, southerly, by the with other nations, so long as they can be maintainPoint, in Lake Champlain, and the lands heretofore said branch, to the source thereof, in the highlands ed with honor, by concessions which, not a just po. supposed to be within the limits of New Hampshire, at the Metjarnette portage; thence, down along the licy alone, but that which is liberal and magnaniVermont and New York, but which a correct ascer- said highland, around the headwaters of Indian stream, mous, may require. She partakes of the common tainment of the 45th parallel of latitude shows to and so on to the highlands which divide that stream spirit, and its influence pervades all her actions, be in Canada, should be surrendered to the United on the one hand, and Hall's stream on the other; throughout this negotiation. States.
thence, south, along the said highlands, till the line There are other considerations of weight in the It is probable, also, that the disputed line of boun- thus run intersects the old line of boundary surveyed decision of this question. Though the title of Mas. dary in Lake Superior might be so adjusted as to and marked by Valentine and Collins, previously sachusetts to the lands in dispute is believed to be leave a disputed island within the United States. to the year 1774, as the 45th degree of latitude, and perfect it is not to be overlooked that they have been
These cessions on the part of England would en which has been known and understood to be the the subject of controversy through many years; that ure partly to the benefit of the states of New ! line of actual division between the states of New attempts, by negotiation and through the intervenHampshire, Vermont, and New York but princi-York and Vermont on one side, and the British pro- tion of an umpire, have been unsuccessfully made, pally to the United States. The consideration.on vince of Canada on the other, as heretofore known to extinguish a conflicting claim; and that the nathe part of England, for making them, would be the and understood, to the Iroquois or St. Lawrence tions which are now seeking by renewed negotiation manner agreed upon for adjusting the eastern boun- river.
to put a period to the protracted strife, while desirdary. The price of the cession, therefore, what
ing peace, bave been brought to the verge of destrucerer it might be, would in fairness belong to the
Captain Talcott, to Mr. Webster.
tive war, through dissensions incident to a disputed two states interested in the manner of thai adjust
Washington, July 14, 1842. boundary, Should this negotiation fail of a success ment.
Sır: The territory within the lines mentioned by ful issue, the alternative offered is a renewed subUnder the influence of these considerations, I am you contains eight hundred and ninety-three square mission of our rights to the determination of others. authorised to say, that if the cominissioners of the miles, equal to five hundred and seventy-one thousand Past experience enforces the belief that other years two states assent to the line as described in the ac- five hundred and twenty acres. It is a long and nar must elapse, and great inconveniences be felt, before companying paper, the United States will undertake row tract upon the mountains or highlands, the dis; a decision can be obtained; and the same monitor to pay io these states the sum of two hundred and tance from Lake Pohenagamook to the Metjarnette suggests the obvious truth, that however the title of fifty thousand dollars, to be divided between them portage being one hundred and ten miles. The ter- Massachusetts and Maine, and of the U. States, may in equal moities; and, also, to undertake for the ritory is barren, and without timber of value, and I be firmly established in justice, it is not equally cersettlement and payment of the expenses incurred by should estimate that nineteen parts out of twenty are tain that it would be consirmed by the tribunal, from those states, for the maintenance of the civil posse; unfit for cultivation. Along eighty miles of this ter whose decision, whatever it might be, no appeal could and, o luo, for a survey which it was found necessary ritory, the highlands throw up into irrigular eminen- honorably be taken. o make.
ces, of different heights, and, thougla observating a But the considerations which most powerfully imThe line suggested, with the compensations and general northeast and southwest direction, are not pel the state of Massachusetts to acquiesce in terms equivalents which have been stated, is now submit. brought well ipto line. Some of these elevations are for a treaty that your communication indicates, are ted for your consideration. That it is all which over three thousand feet abore the sea.
the known desire of the people of the United States might have been hoped for. looking to the strength The formation is primitive siliceous rock, with for a speedy settlement of the vexed question of the of the American claim, can hardly be said. But, as slate resting upon it, around the basis. Between the boundars, and the request of the general government the settlement of a controversy of such duration is eminences are morasses and swamps, throughout expressed through its constitutional organs, that Masa matter of high importance, as equivalents of un- which beds of moss of luxuriant growth rest on and sachusetts would yield her consent to an arrangement doubled ralue are offered, as longer postponement cover the rocks and earth beneath. The growth is which that government deems to be reasonable. The and delay would lead to further inconvenience, and such as is usual in mountain regions on the continent, state we have the honor to represent would be slow to the incurring of further es penses, and as no bet- in high latitudes. On some of tho ridges and emi- to disappoint the hopes of the nation, and reluctant ter occasion, or perhaps any other occasion, for sel- nences, birch and maple are found; on others, spruce to reject terms which the government of the United tling the boundary by agreement, and on the princi- and fir; and in the swamps spruce intermixed with States urges her to accept, as being compatible in ple of equivalents, is ever likely to present itself,
the cedar; but the wood, every where, is insigficant, and the estimation of that government, with the interest government of the United States hope that the com- of stinted growth. It will readily be seen, therefore, of the state, and essential to the complete adjustment missioners of the two states will find it to be con- that for cultivation, or as capable of furnishing the of difficulties, which the security of national peace sistent with their duty to assent to the line proposed, means of human subsistence, the lands aro of no ra- demands. and to the terms and conditions attending the propo-lue. I am, sir, your ob't serv't, bition.
A. TALCOTT, commissioner.
Whether the national boundary suggosted by you
be suitable or unsuitable, whether the compensations The president has felt the deepest anxiety for an Hon. Danial Webster, Secrelary of State.
that Great Britain offers to the United States for the amicable settlement of the question, in a manner honorable to the country, and such as should pre
territory conceded to her be adequate or inadequate,
Commissioners of Massachusetts to Mr. Webster. serve the rights and interests of the states concerned.
Washington, July 20, 1842.
and whether the treaty which shall be effected shall From the moment of the announcement of Lord Ash- Sır: We have the honor to acknowledge the re its rights and dignity, are questions, not for Massa
be honorable to the country or incompatible with burton's mission, be bas sedulously endeavored to ceipt of your communication of 15th of July, ad- chusetts, but for the general government, upon its pursue a course the most respectful towards the dressed to us as commissioners of Massachusetts, responsibility to the whole country, to decide. States, and the most useful to their interests, as well authorised to act in her behalf in the settlement of for the state to determine for
what equivalents they
It is as the most becoming to the character and dignity of the controversy concerning the northeastern bounda- will relinquish to the United States her interests in the government. He will be happy, if the result ry of the United States. The proposal therein pre- certain lands in the disputed territory, so that she shall be such as will satisfy Maine and Massachu- sented for our assent, in behalf of the government may be made available to the government
of the Belts, as well as the rest of the country. With these we represent, to the establishment of the conven- United States, in the establishment of the northeastsentiments on the part of the president, and with the tional boundary indicated in your communication, ern boundary, and in a general settlement of all matconviction that no more advantageous arrangement and upon the terms and equivalents therein sot ters in controversy between Great Britain and tho can be made, the subject, is now referred to the grave forth, has received our careful consideration, and United States. To this view of the subject and with deliberation of the commissioners. I have the honor without further delay we submit the following re- the understanding that by the words the nearest to be, with great respect, your ob't serv't,
ply. DANIEL WEBSTER.
After the many interviews which we have had the point of the highlands,” in your description of the To the hon. the commissioners of Maine. pleasure to hold with you during the progress of the point of the crest of the highlands; that the right to
proposed line of boundary, is meant the nearest negotiation which is drawing to its close, it is unne- the free navigation of the river St. Joho shall inB.
cessary for us to express our full concurrence in the clude the right to the free transportation thereupon Beginning at the monument at the source of the sentiment, that the line suggested, with its compen- of all products of the soil as well as of the forest; river St. Crois, as designated by the commissioners sation and equivalents, is not all which might have and that the pecuniary compensation to be paid under the fifth'article of the treaty of 1794, between been boped for, in view of the strength of the Ames by the federal government to Massachusetts, shall the government of the United States and Great Bri- rican claim to the territory in dispute. But inasmuch be inoreased to the sum of one hundred and tain; theyce north, following the exploring line run as in the progress of a pegotiation conducted with Afty thousand dollars, the state of Massachusetts and marked by the surveyors on the two govern- great deliberation, every proposition has been put through her commissioners, hereby relinquishes to the ments
in the year 1817 and 1818, under the filth arsforth, wbich any party, in whatever manner and to United States her interest to the lands wbich will ticle of the treaty of Ghent, to its intersection with whatever extent it may be interested, has been dis; be excluded from the dominion of the United States the river St. John, and to the middle of the channel posed to submit for consideration and adoption, and by the establishment of the boundary aforesaid. thereof; thence, up the middle of the inain channel the ultimate point has been reached, at which nego of the said river si. Jolin, to the mouth of the river tiation must result in a compact, or the interruption
Wo haro the honor to be, with the greatest ro 81. Francis; thence, up the middle of the channel of of further effort for its accomplishment, we proceed spect, your obedient servants, maid river, and of the lakes through which it dows, to discharge the remaining duty which is devolvod
ABBOTT LAWRENCE, 10 the outlet of the Lake Pohenagamook; thonce, upon us.
JOHN MILLS, *Saille rulalu muiondis, w tle commissioner of Mar We are fully aware of the importance of the act
CHARLES ALLEN, that we aro called upon to perform. It is not lewo iban Hon. Donid Webster, scrolary state.