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properly belong to her. And so with other departments of the public service. All the work assigned to the Board has been systematized to a considerable extent, and is done more effectually and more cheaply; so that upon the whole the creation of the Board has proved, what Governor Andrew and others through whose influence it was organized, foresaw it would prove—a measure of economy.

The general work of the Board is done in four departments, each of which has its separate bureau.

He, more than any other officer, is the direct representative of the Board. His duties are,

First. To superintend the clerical business of the Board ; to keep its records and conduct its correspondence with individuals and societies engaged in charitable and reformatory work.

Second. The Secretary attends upon the legislative committies during the sessions of the legislature, to explain the condition of the institutions supervised by the Board, the legislation already enacted, or bills prepared, or to draft bills, etc., as explained in the Seventh Report, page 4, and the Eighth Report, pages 3 and 4.

Third. The Secretary has also in charge the preparation of an annual report upon the affairs of the several institutions, statistical tables, and the treatment of special topics pressing for attention. The materials upon which the report is based, apart from what is ascertained by personal observation and conference and by research, are the returns regularly received at his office.

These are as follows:

1. From the State Institutions of charity and reform, viz. : three lunatic hospitals, weekly returns of admissions and discharges; three State almshouses, weekly returns of admissions and discharges; three reformatories, monthly returns of admissions and discharges,-made by authority of section 3, chapter 240, Acts of 1863. An annual financial statement is also required by the Board from each of the above institutions.



Thus, the investigations necessary to fix the legal status of an inmate of either of the State charitable institutions, and questions affecting the propriety of his detention, transfer or removal, are assigned to the Sub-Department of Settlement.

The examination of aliens landing at the ports of the Commonwealth, and the inquiries relative to their present and prospective condition which may be necessary for an intelligent administration of the law governing their reception, devolves upon the Sub-Department of Immigration. The transfer of lunatics and paupers from one charitable institution to another, their removal to their homes, to their place of settlement, or, of aliens, to their places of landing, is remitted to the Sub-Department of Transportation. The examination of all applicants for assistance under the Acts of 1851 (General Statutes, chapter 71, section 25) and 1860 (chapter 83), the transcribing of all examinations, investigations and reports of inmates and applicants for assistance, belongs to a Sub-Department of Local Business.

Various other duties enjoined by special statutes, or resultant therefrom, which naturally belong to the department, or arise from its relation to the administration of pauper laws by municipal officers, are, from time to time, transferred to the several sub-departments, or performed by the Agent in person. Such are the duties required by the statutes of 1866 (chapter 198), establishing a State workhouse, and that of 1871 (chapter 321) relative to the insane; consultations with overseers of the poor of the several towns and cities of the State upon public business, and with individuals concerning their relatives or friends, who are or desire to become inmates of some of the charitable institutions, etc. These duties, arranged substantially in the order of their importance, are :

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First. Sub-Department of Settlement.It is required that the General Agent shall visit, either in person or by deputy, the State lunatic hospitals, the State almshouses, and all other places where State paupers are supported, and obtain all necessary information as to where they properly belong. This often requires personal examination of the parties; and

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