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St. Eukatia, and was declared guilty of 17. A considerable fire near the king's the charge.
brewhouse, Wapping, which burnt down The admiralty of Petersburg was de- upwards of 15 houses &c. froyed by fire.
The first vessel under American coJune 3. Mr. Spalding was loft in al- lour's arrived at Bristol. rempling to get at the effects of the Bel. 18. A ball of fire, or meteor, was seen giofo near Dublin Bay.
in the greatest part of England, and at 5. The first stone of Brentford-bridge Oftend, at the same time. to Kew was lain.
19. A proclamation issued for restrainThe bishop of Osnaburgh arrived at ing American fhips from conveying the Hanover.
produce of the Weft-India islands. 10. A meeting of the livery to oppose 23. Advice was received of the death the receipi tax. And a petition was pre- of Hyder Ally, the Nabob of the Maratkned the 19th to the house of com- tas, December Jat, and the peace con
cluded on February 17, between his son 16. Congress was insulted, and retired and the East-India Companv. from Philadelphia to Princes Town. 24. Violent storms in different parts of
Sir Roger Curtis renewed the creaty of England, as well as Switzerland. peace between Greai-Britain and the em- 25. Prince Willia:n Henry set off for ps.or of Morocco.
Germany. :). A sudden heavy rain did much 29. The Spaniards began the bome eama je in London and Westminster. bardment of Algiers. 21. Credit for 10,000 l. was given by Tripoli, in Syria, was vissted by a dreadE's Majesty for the relief of the inhabit. ful earthquake. anes of Scotland,
Aug. 2. A violent form of hail in The village of Fouchardierr, in the Yorkibire, where the hail-Itones measured Gapric of Nans in France, was destroyed five inches in circumference. 1, fire.
The town of Berolzheim, in Anspach, 29. The county of Glatz in Germany had 138 houses destroyed by fire. was vilir.d wi:b a dreadful florin
The town of Shelburne was named at The Einpress of Rullia took poffe.lion Port Roseway in Nova Scotia, of the Crimea, and figned a creaty of A violent form throughout Orleans in commerce with the Turks.
France, 24. The Illand of Iceland received 5. Prince William Henry arrived at damage from eruptions from Mount Stade.
7. The Queen was delivered of prinThe king sent a message to the com- cels Amelia. trains, of his intention to establish che, An earthquake was felt in different parts bosthold of the Prince of Wales. of Cornwall. 25. The Dublin bonk opened.
9. The Spaniards defifted from the 26. Prince William Heory and Lord bombardment of Algiers. How arrived at Poritmouth from the. 12. The Prince of Wales came of age.
An account was received that the island July 1. Sir George Brydges Rodney of Formosa, in China, was, in December was created a peer of Great Britain, with laft, in a great part destroyed by an inuna pension of 9,000l. per.lannum.
dation of the fea, occasioned by an eartha Sir George Auguftus Eliott was granted quake, wherein 40,000 fouls were loft. a person 1,5001. per. annum.
14. A terrible fire broke out at Pouton Sir Samuel Hood was created a peer of in Bedfordshire.
17. The quarantine was taken off the A touw island made its appearance near shipping coming from the Pruffian domi
nions, 13. Admiral Pigor, in the Formidable, The king's messenger arrived in London arrived at Portmouth from the Wit with the ratification of the provisional ar..
ricles, signed at Paris the 13th inftant, The Hoy alongside the Royal George between Great Britain and the United at Porismouth was weighed up,
States of America. The town of Attendern in Welphalia 18. An extraordinary meteor, or ball was destroyed by an accidental fire. of hre, was seen in London, &c.
14. A violent it rm near Birmingham, 27. The first air balloon was let up at Leeds, &c. which did inuch mischief. Paris by Mr. Mongolfier, in the camp of
Another in France.
Disturbances arose between Dantzick 20. Prusian troops entered the terriand the King of Prussia,
tory of Dantzick. 28. A storm near London, which da. Nov. 5. A grea: fire broke out at Mr. maged the King's Bench.
Seddons, in Aldersgate.street, when 30 30. The King of Pruffia abolished the houses were consumed, and 20 more dacuflom of kneeling to his Majesty's pes- maged. Several people were buried in fon.
the ruins. 31. A violent form of rain in the en- 11. The Prince of Wales first took his virons of London, and counties adjacent. feat in the House of Peers.
Sept. 2. The preliminary articles with 17. Accounts received from India, that the Dutch were ligned.
Mangalore had surrendered to Tippo Saib The embargo on the shipping for Ame. and General Matthews, and his whole rica taken off.
army taken prisoners. The princes of Georgia voluntarily de- Colonel Humberstone was flain, and clared themfelves vallals of the Rushan Sir Evre Coote died at Madras. Empire.
21. The Prince of Wales (wont of the 3. The definitive treaty with France Privy Council. and Spain, and the United States of Ame- The Marquis d'Arlandes, and Monsies rica, were signed.
Rofier, mounted in a gallery to an air balA lady of Konigsburg was brought to. Joon, at the Chatteau de la Muette; heir bed of five living children.
route was four or five thousand toises or 10. Violent form at Liverpool. fathoms. .0. The king created eight new peers
22. Accounts received at the India of Ireland.
House, of the loss of the Duke of Athol The Jews, at Meutz, in Germany, were and Fairford Indiamen, outward bound. forbid using any other language to carry on 24. Christopher Atkinson, Esq; expell. their trade bui German.
ed the House of Commons for wilful and 21. A great fire at Biggleswade in Bed. corrupt perjury, fordshire,
The Court of King's Bench ordered the 23. The ratification of the definitive rule ablolute, for a Mandamus, on the treaty arrived in London,
removal of Alderman Wooldridge froin 24. A terrible fire at Bell-dock, Wap. his office in the City of London. ping.
25. An air balloon of ten feet diame. 28. A French naturalist discovered a ter, was fent up from the Artillery Ground, method to convert the lava of a volcano, by Monsieur Biaggini, and fell at Petworth to the purpose of making bottles, &c.
in Sussex. ou! 2The Caille d’Escompte, at Dec. 1. Mellrs. Charles and Robert, Paris, stopped payınent.
afcended in an air balloon at Paris, and 4. Two of the convicts were shot in a descended above a league from the place mutiny, in the lighter that was conveying they set out from. thein in the transport.
6. Order from the College of Arms, 5: The Dutch concluded a' treaty of that no baronet in future shall have his amiry and commerce with the American name and title inserted in any deed or States.
other inftrument, until he shall have prov6. Peace was proclaimed in London ed his right to such title in the Herald's and Weltminster.
Office. 9. An unsuccessful attempt was made 9. Ten malefactors were executed op80 remove the Royal George at Portl- polite to Newgate, on a scaffold erected mouth.
for that purpose. 11. Peace was proclaimed at Paris. 17. The India Reform Bill rejected in
The Dutch prisoners in England were the House of Lords without a division. relealed.
The House of Commons address his The Royal Society of Scotland received Majelly not to diffolve his parliament. their charter.
18. Lord North and Mr. Fox, the two 13. Peace was proclaimed at Edin- Secretaries of State, dismissed from their burgh.
offices. 15. The Bishop of Ornaburgh took 19. Mr. Pitt accepted the premiership. polleifion of his bilhoprick.
23. Lord Thurlow a second time ap19. Further experiments were made by pointed Lord Chancellor. air balloons, when Monsieur Rofier, and 30. Mr. Thomas Pitt created Lord Ca. a gardener, were elevated in one of them in cord. upaards of go0 feet.
A N D
LITERARY JOURN À L.
Quid fit turpe, quid atile, quid dulce, quid nori. Sacred Biography : or, the History of the Patriarchs from Adam to Abraham inclu
fively: being a Course of Lectures delivered at the Scots Church, London Wall By Henry Hunter, D. D. continued from Vol. IV. page 437 Lecture XII. Hiftory of Melchizedec.
This is the true reason of its utility, TH THÉ particulars recorded of this moftex- and it certainly is a weighty one. We
traordinary of men are so few in num- hope, however, that ordinary men, and ber, that one is ready to wonder why the christians in general, will not be contented author should call his account of him" An with Dr. Hunter's word; but, take the History." It is, however, the fullest volume itself, and judge of it by its merits. history of him that is to be found. It Dr. Hunter asks,“ Why may we not was impossible to say any thing new of suppose the call given to Ábraham to deMelchizedec. Mankind bad long since part from his native country, (p: 2 145) 40 been over fruitful in their conje&tures con- be the impulse of an honest and enlightcerning him. That impenetrable veil ened mind?" If the author meant to in. which limits the view of mortals, must sinuate that the call really was an impulse drop before we can discover his real cha- of the mind, his insinuation gives room racer. From the little that is recorded, to helitation.--Is it not allowed in this however, the author finds means to make very history, nay, almost certain, that the out a very agreeable discourse, in which angel which appeared to Hagar, and one several important lessons are taught. The of those which afterwards appeared to tro principal classes of his disciples are Abraham, was none less than the son of bishops and kings. The bishops are de. God-that is, God himself? And has not fired to look up to him as a pattern of his voice been often heard to thunder in humility, benevolence, and piety; and the clouds, and to di&tate useful lessons, the first who had the happiness of receive and utter tidings of great joy to the fons inz tythes : kings are desired to regard of men ? why then interpret the passage bim as an example of condescension, li- before us in this manner: and by taking berality, and sympathy, and one who away that which constitutes the fúblimity, knew no equal on earth—and for this reas and the validity of the call, thus reduce fon- that he was at once “ King of Sa- it to the mere suggestions of an old man's lem, and Priest of the Most High God." imagination ?
The History of Abrahain forms the On the subject of Abraham's denial of fubjects of all the remaining discourses. his wife, the author is copious, and very “: The hillory of Abraham,” says the au- severe on the old man's conduct: but by thor,
occupies a larger space in the no means more so, than the inconsistency sacred volume, than that of the whole and perverseness of his behaviour had renhuman race, froin the creation, down to dered it necessary for him to be. The
Hitherto we have had only wedded reader will find in the discussion ketches of character; but the inspired of that point, many hints which tend to penman has gone into a full detail of beget constancy of affection, fortitude un-, Abraham's life: and marks with precision der impending misfortunes, charity tothe whole succession of events which be- wards our fellow-creatures, and love and fel him."
perfect obedience towards our maker. “What renders the history of this There is one light in which this able and patriarch so very useful, is the exhibition worthy divine has not viewed the paof private life therein presented to us, triarch's conduet with sufficient attention. and the lessons of virtue and wisdom there. We mean, as it respects his trust in God, by caught to ordinary men."
to make him the father of the promiled Europ. Mag.
seed. It does not seem to have been the from holy writ: we could point to leve. mortification of feeing his beautiful, his ral passages of his book, that owe much beloved Sarah's chastity
, prostituted to of the impression they leave on the mind, ftrangers, that induced him to deny her, to their being closed with some pertibut the mean and impidus dread of losing nent, and beautiful text. his own life: that life which he who can- To the stock of moral knowledge, Dr. not lie, bad promised to protect. Herein, Hunter has made no inconsiderable addithen, the father of the faithful shewed his tion. He seems to be well acquainted unbelief, and left his posterity, a precept with the workings of the human heart: which our author has defired them io and he has shewn much judgment in apmark, namely, “ That perfection of any plying the knowledge of the heart to the kind belongs not to man.” It would ap- explanation of the actions of intelligent pear from the history, that Abraham and beings; which is the proper office of moSaral mul have been mutually complai- rals. We have already taken nouice of fant. Abraham had given his consent to several excellent precepts and leffons his wife to accept the favours of the Egyp- which he has delivered for the benefit of tian king: by way of return, Sarah offers his fellow-creatures. her handmaid to her husband. We need As a theological teacher, he would have fay nothing further here. The effects of had more merit, had he been more adventhat rash hep are fully and pathetically trous. It is true,
fpeculation was not his Telated in the fourteenth of these leć. object, (Leat. v. p. 100,) nor does it altures. The inference which the ingenious ways contribute to the interest of relia writer draws from the domestic troubles gion. It often subjects the enquirer 10 which enfued on the birth of Ishmael, is, the labour of a tedious and painful re" That the experience of such wretched- Yearch, and then leaves him ungratified stess militates more strongly against poly. with discovery, and exposed to doubt, gamy, than' a thousand volumes written But this will not be the end of a good professedly to subvert it."
man's researches. He may miss of disco. The next thing to be takeo notice of, very ; but will suftain no injury from is, the separation which took place be- doubt. Where the ways of his God exceed tween Abraham and Lot, on account his comprehension, he will sit down in of a difference between their herdlinen. filent and refpe&tful admiration. This All we fall fay of it, is this: the author will be the procedure of a good man in has handled it in his usual mafierly man- his closet: in the pulpit, something more ner: and has drawn several important will be requisite. In treating of different *conclusions, which teach us to consider points, he must not only thew his hearers Abraham as a proper model for humility, that it is in vain to enquire concerning moderation, and forbearance.
what they are ; but muit point out to The sacrifice of Isaac contains many them what they are not. By these means tender, many beautiful, and many instruc. he will gratify curiosity, prevent injudi. tive circumstances. Before we take our cious enquiry, and remove all occasion 10 leave of this history, we observe, that if doubt. Cain's mark; Enoch's tranfla. the author's plan had allowed him to keep tion; the cause of the flood; and the out of this printed work, the preludes and manner of God's appearing to Abraham, perorations of the several lectures, the are proper subjects for such exercises. narration would have been regular and To convince the reader of Dr. Hunter's uniform, and the chain of incidents un. taste, and classical abilities, we need only divided and firm.
refer him to the ingenious and original We are now to conclude. The au. remarks which he will find on the word thor's language is not unexceptionable: “ Nod," p. 106; on the “ making of 11 presents us with several inaccuracies; covenants," p. 288; "on the media of bui for these he has suficiently apologized exchange in ancient times,” p. 406. in his preface. We think ourselves, bow. By way of defert, we Mhall present our ever, very safe in saying, that it is strong, readers with the following passage from towing, spirited, and sonorous: that his the fourth le&ture. arrangement is omple, easy, and unaf- “ Adım, with the partner of his guilt, jected'; and that his periods, though some and of his future fortunes, being expel. limes long, exhibit a very pleasing va- led from Eden, and tuinbled from all his riev. Wherever any focial pallion or native honours, enters on the poflellion of affection is concerned, the doctor describes a globe, cursed for his fake. He feels it with a matterly pen : and we think him that he has fallen from a spiriwal and peculiarly happy, in his uling quotations divine life, from rightcoufnels and inno. liis
cence; that he is become liable to death; how many furrows was this " possession,” may, by the very act of disobedience, that fo exultingly triumphed in, about to pierce he really died io goodness and happiness. the fond maternal breaft! How unlike But the sentence itself which condemns are the forebodings and wishes of parental him, gives him full assurance, that his na. tenderness and partiality, to the destinatural life, though forfeited, was to be re- tions of providence, and the discoveries prieved; that he should live to labour; which time brings to light.-" And she to cat his bread with the sweat of his again bare his brother Abel.” The word brow; and not only fo, but that he should denotes vanity, or a breath of air. Was be the means of communicating that na- this name 'given him through the unreatural life to others; for that Eve should sonable prejudice and unjust preference become a mother, though the pain and of a partial' mother? or was ii an unin., forrów of conception and child-bearing tentional prediction of the brevity of his were to be greatly multiplied. In pro- life, and of the lamentable manner of his cets of time, she accordingly brings forth death? But the materials of which life is a fon; and pain and sorrow are no more composed, are not so much, days and remembered, for joy that a man-child is months and years; as works of piety, and born into the world. What she thought mercy, and justice, or their opposites; and fele upon this occasion, we learn from he dies in full maturity, who has lived to what she said, and from the name she God and eternity, at whatever period, and gave her new-born son. With a heart in whatever manner he is cut off : that overflowing with gratitude, she looks up life is short, though extended to a thouto God, who had not only spared and pro- sand years, which is disfigured with vice, longed her life, but made her the joyful devoted to the pursuits of time merely, mother of a living child; and whó in and at the close of which the unhappy molaplying her sorrow, had much more man is found unreconciled to God." abundantly multiplied her comfort. Ease The eminent character of Dr. Hunter that fucceeds anguilh, is doubly relished as a preacher, and the variety of powers and enjoyed. Kindness from one we have he has displayed in this curious and inter offended, falls with a weight pleasingly refling performance, will, we doubt not, oppreffive upon the mind. Some inter- apologize to our readers for our copiogs preters, and not without reason, suppose, details on this subject, that she considered the son given her, as the promised seed, who should bruise the ANECDOTES of the AUTHOR. head of the serpent; and read her selfgratulatory exclamation thus, “ I have Dr. Henry Hunter was born at Culross, gotten the man from the Lord.”—And a royal borough in Perthshire, in the end how soothing to the maternal heart must of the year 1741. His ancestors were have been the hope of deliverance and plain, decent trades-people, zealous whigs, klief for herself, and triumph over her and prefbyterians; and considerably above bitter enemy, by means of the son of her mediocrity in point of understanding. His own bowels! How fonuly does she dream father filled the office of magistracy in his of repairing the rụin which her frailty borough, in that difficult and crying pehad brought upon her husband and family, riod, the year 1745: and with much moby this first-born of many brethren ! The deration and wisdom. hame the gives him, signifies " possessed" Dr. Hunter discovered an carly taste
possession." She flatters herself for classical learning, and the belles lecthat he has now got something she can tres; which he had the good fortune to call her own; and even the loss of para improve at the university of Edinburgh. dike seems compensated by a dearer inhe. Having gone through the usual rorine of ritance. If there be a portion' more ten,
academical study, with the friendship and or more highly prized esteem of his fellow students, and the rethan another, it is that of which David putation of diligence and ability among
“Lo chile the professors, be loft no time in prepardren are an heritage of the Lord: and ing himself for being admitted to holy the fruit of the womb is his reward. As orders, in May, 1764, he was licensed afrows are in the hand of a mighty man;
to preach by the prelbytery of DunfermSo are children of the youth. “Happy is line; and in January, 1966, ordained mithe man that hath bis quiver full of nister of the gospel á South Leith; here them: they shall not be aleamed; but he continued to exercise bis clerical funcdowy fball speak with the enemies in the tion till Algul, 1771, encouraged by all Falco" Bus O, blind to futurity! with that attention, and all that refpeâ which