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aptly illustrated, as our author, with his for the wreath, longed, we may readily ufual felicity, shews, in his Timon of suppose, for maturer years; and became, Athens.

in their ardent imaginations, filful wrella Though this is not the view usually en- lers and charioteers. The son of Olorus, tertained of this singular dramatic charac. if we may judge by the consequence, felt ter, if we artend to the observations of litle emotion; no sympathetic longings; Mr. Richard!on concerning the design of and no iinpatience to drive a chariot. the poet in all its parts, we shall find that But hearing Herodotus, on that occasion, the opinion advanced by the profeffor is reciting his hiftory, he felt other sensanot without foundation.-" The love of tions; his heart throbbed, and the tears diftinction is allerted to be the ruling prin- descended. The venerable historian obciple in the conduct of Timon; yet it is served him weeping, and co:nprehending not affirmed, nor is it necessary to affirm, his character, "I give thee joy,” said he that Timon has no goodness of heart. to his father, “ for the happy genius of He has much goodness, gentleness, and thy son.” Now, the fon of Olorus belove of society.--These are not inconlist- came an historian no less renowned than ent with the love of diflinéiion: thcy of- Herodotus : for Herodotus and Thucye ten relide together; and in particular, dides are usually named together. The that love of distinction which reigned in celebrated Turenne, in his early days, was the conduct of Timon, may easily be an admirer, no leis pallionate, of QuisThewn to have received its particular bias lus Curtius, than the son of Olorus was and direction from original goodness. For, of Herodutos; and we are told by Ram. without this, what could have determined say, from D’Ablancourt, that when not him to chule one method of making him- yet iwelve years of age, he challenged an felf confpicuous rather than another? officer who called his favourite hillory a Why did he not seek the distinction con

But this adiniration was not to ferred by the display of a military or of a much for the graces of owery, compofipolitical character? Or why did he not tion which abound in the Roman billo. alpire after pageantry and parade, the rian, as for the valiant actions of Alexanpomp of public buildings, and the o'ten. der. These drew his attention, and foon iation of wealth, unconnected with any after, his imitation. Though his breast kind of beneficence ?

heaved, and his eves (paskled, in the pe" In general, our love of fame or dis- rutal of favourite paffuges, he was not lcd tinetion is directed and influenced by some to write fine defcriptions like Curtius; previous caft of temper, or early tenden- but to break hories like the son of Philip. cy of disposition. Nloved by powers aud " Now, once those that are actuated by dispositions leading us to one kind of ex- the love of distinction, are led, by early ertion rather than another, we attribuie or inherent predilection, to one kind of superior excellence to such exertion. We allion rather than another, we have no transfer the fame sentiment to the rest of dificulty in allowing principles of goodinankind. We fancy, that no pre-emi. nefs and humanity to have reigned early, nence can be attained but by such talents or originally, in the breast of Timoni. as we possess; and it requires an effort of Nay, after losing their auihority, they cool reflection, before we can allow that continued for lone rime to attend him ; there may be excellence in those things and resided in that brealt where they forwhich we cannot relish, or merit in that merly reigned. They became like those conduct to which we are not inclined. 'eastern princes, or, those early sovereigns Guided by early or inherent predilection, of a neighbouring country, who grew fa nuen actuated by the love of distinction, indolent and paliive, that they lav im. leek the idol of their defires in various mured in their apartments, and left the fituations; in the bufile of active life, or management of the ilate to some active in the shade of retirement. Take th. fol. miniiler, an ambitious vizjer, or mayor of lowing examples. The son of Olorus the palace. Some of these ministers ac. was present, while yet a bov, at the Olym- ed for a while under the banner of the sopic ganes. All Greece was allembled; vereign's authony; but afierwards, navmaoy feats of dexterity, no doubt, were ing left him but the

hadow of power, exhibited; and every honour that allem- ihoy set up for themselves; became subied Gicite could beitow, was conferied preme and despotic. on the dirlurs. Moved by a spectacle io “ Here, however, we are led to enintereiling and so inspiring,' the Spar• quire, how happens it that a privciple intan, Theban, or Aihenian youth, who herent in the foul, and once an active were not yet of vigour sublimi i frive principle, becomes pailive, lufers others

to

to operate in its stead; not only so, but ed encouragement; and was therefore to perform fimilar functions, aflurne cor- unreserved in his prajses. The same may refponding appearances, and, in general, be faid of every virtue. But designing, to be guided apparently to the fanue tenor or undeserving persons, transferring their of conduct? Did the energy of the inhe- own dispositions to other men, and of rent affection suffer abatement by frequent courfe apprehensive left the wheels and exercise? Or were there no kindred prin- springs of benevolence should contract ciples in the foul to support and confirm rult, arc oiling them for ever with profuse its authority ? Could tot reason, or the adulation. Mean time, our man of libesense of duty, support, and the power of rality begins to be moved by other prinactive habit centim? How came the ful- ciples than fine feelings and constitutional tan to submit to the vizier ?

impulse. The pleasure arising from fuch " In general, original principles and actions as these produce, is too fine and feelings become pallive, if they are not, too delicate, compared with the joys conin their first operation, confirmed by rea- ferred by loud and continued applauses. son and convictions of duty; and if the Thus his taste becomes vitiated; he not pallon which springs up in their place al. only acquires an undue relish for adulalumts their appearance, and acts appa- tion, but is unealy without it; he.contaily as they would have done. Nothing tracis a false appetite; and solicits diltincis more imposing than this species of ufur- tion, not so much for the plealure it yields pation. It is noi the open assault of a foe, him, as to remove a disagreeable craving. but the guile of pretended friendship. No. Thus, such benevolent actions as formerthing conuibutes more to dangerous self. ly proceeded from conftitutional goodde weption. Applying this reavark to our nels, have now their origin in the love of prekent subject, and following the lights praise and distinction.

Goodness may of observation, we shall briefly illustrate remain in his breast a passive guest; and how early or inherent goodness inay be having no other power than to give counlubverted Ly the love of distinction. A tenance to the prevailing principle. It perion of good dilpolitions, inclined by may thus reign in his language and revebis temper and constitution to perforin rres; but the love of distinction directs acis of benchcence, receives pleasare in his conduct. The superseded inonarch the performance. Ile also receives ap- enjoys the parade of late, and annexes plaules. He has done good, and is told his fignature and sanction to the deeds of of k. Theis be receives pleasure, not his active minifter.”. cniy from having gratified a native im. The ingenious and learned professor as. fuife, but from the praile of mankind, certains and traces in the conduct of Tiand the gratitude of those whom he may mon, the marks of that beneficence which have lerved. The applauses he receives proceeds from the love of distinction. He are more liberally belowed by designing marks the causes of the strange alteration and undeserving perfons, than' by the de- which took place in Timon's character, Serving and undefigning. The delerving and traces the operations of those circuindepend too much on the pernanency of stances that changed him from being ap. ibe original principle, independent of en- parently focial, and full of affc&ion, into couragement; and may therefore be too an ablolute misanthrope. paring in their approbation. Guftavus

[To be continued.] Adolphus used to say, that valour needA Letter to Dr. Richard Price. Containing Seriĉiures on his Letter to Colonel Shar

man, Chairman of the Committee of Correspondence appointed by the Volunteer
Corps assembled at Lifburn, on the ilt of July, 1783. London, Bladon.
N
I en

vere and well pointed reflections a- and diloyal subject, who has not the wel. gaink Dr. Price's political principles. In fare of his country at heart. Dr. Price delivering thefe principles the Doctor, he was led to write, the author says, by the fars, " imitates closely the obscurity of flatteries which the committee of corresthe antrent oracles,”-in every thing, at pondence belowed on him. He thinks leaft, that may be interpreted to his preju- itill becomes a man, one of whose fect dice. The author always disliked the Doce is already in the grave, to indulge a para tor's syftem. He ever believed him to be fion for flatteries : it were more befiring Swayed by faction, and such like ignchle that he now bethought himself of preinutives; and, in the present infance, he paring for that region, in which his politi

cal

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REVIEW, cal knowledge can stand bim in no it ad. you should consider you have had your In the courle of his ttrictures de reprobates day; you have feen your country greatly the administration of Lord Shelburne, in humbled, superlatively humbled, even by very itlong terins; and scruples not to af- the inen vou hovour.' I must afford no firin, that he appears to have liudied the small comfort to you to refic&t on ihe evils interest of our enemies much more than that have pailed; therefore, let that pleaour own; and ihat the fun of Britain did surable retrolpeet fulice, and let me adfet on that day in which his execrabie vife you to write and lin no more; retire peace was made. He de en is the coali- now, old man, retire to your closet, ihere tion. He concludes bis leitor with the fol

commune with your heart, and be fill, lowing exhortation to the Doctor:

and erudi me, that let your atiachment to “ You have, Sir, but a thort feason for politics be ever so prevalent, there are obthe indulgence of those pasions which jećts for your consideration of superior imhave, 100 long been uppernost in your portance, and you will do well is observe mind; the love of ruin, with all its grati- inim.” fications muit fail you in the end: belides A brief and impartial Review o? the State of Great Britain, at the Commencement of

the Selon os 1783. Debrett. TH H E author of this perforinance, after help lamenting their truly pitiable fare?

making a few'gencsai observations on By conceding too much to‘Ainerica, we the feason proper for mature refeciion, have cendered her haughty and iinperiand on the voice of the people, with regard to the concerns of the laie, mentions,

The genius of concession, says the au. with peculiar vehemence, this as the time thor, no longer predominates in the Biifor every polipe exertion to lave this tith councils. Confidering the superiority country froin impending ruin. He re- of our manufactures, it is ceriain, he joices that the plan of fyllematic discord is maintains, that Britain will ever {ucurea now no more, and that, at present, we considerable share of the American trade. enjoy a breathing time from all our diffi- He takes notice of the prevailing influence culries. He takes notice of the indepen- of Frarce over the Duich, and gives a full dence of America, and the revolution and satisfaciory account, from the fubwhich it has produced. He pronounces it diviGons of interest in that commonwealth, pregnant with events the most numerous how it has been effected. The author and important. On account of it France then adverts to the alarining slate

thc and Spain have demanded new commercial British East India Company --without the rylations, and th: Dutch no longer with feasonable interference of parliament, he to be united with their ancient friends. adds, a total diffolution of its power and

die conclers France as the natural ene- importance may be feared. my of this state, and, in a truly propheric He enters into a long detail of the con. hile, declares, that the competition will duct of the Company, the Directors, and never cease, tidl a dicidad fuperiority be Governor Plaftings." He founds his obfully accomplifler. He looks upon si me- fervations on the reports and resolutions rica as ultimately connected with France, of the fecret and select commillees; and, and in order to solve the urion, it is ne- after a few observations on whigs and 10cellary for us to iiazd witli firmness and ries, Le concludes in the following man. temper, to defpile every adulating practice, ner: "In short, look to the principle, and in adhere to the spirit of treaty. the conduct, or the fins of the coalition,

Our minifters, he thinks, del:rve the you every where discern the genuine feahighest praise for prohibiting all inter. tures of whiggism.” courie betwixt the new Siates and the West The author of this review neither wants India iflands. He taxe's camerica with abilities nor political information, but he the baleit ingratitude; he a’ludes to the comunits a miitake in the title page treatment of the loyalitls, and who can he calls his review linpartial. A Letter to the Ri ht Hon. Edmund Burke, Paymaster General of his Majesty's

Forces. By Major John Scou.' Stockdale. "JI E profeffed olje ? of this lever is speech which he delivered in the House of Buske, in that very long and cluburare The foundation of the 1_ajoi's reasoning

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, the report given of that speech in the adduces several ftrong and subborn facts, Morning Chronicle, a foundation which which tend not a little to oppose the artcannot be supposed to be altogether a ful fophiftry of Mr. Burke. He defends found one: indeed he seems himself to his honourable patron, Mr. Hastings, very think so, when he regrets that "the re- ftrenuoully. He adverts to the little conporter is so detached, and deals so exceed- Gistence that sublists between the Paymaster ingly in generals.” The author says, Mr. General's former professions, and his preBurke could not but lament, on that day, sent conduct ;-deviates into the now his misfortune in being deprived by Mr. beaten path of the dangerous consequences Fox of the inexprellible pleasure of read that would have arisen from so vaft an acing Colonel Boujour's affecting letter, of cellion of power, as the patronage of In- . telling the piteous tale of Cheyt Sing, &c. dia would have brought to the coalition ; There was left for the display of his melt- and shews that the late twenty-four Di. ing cloquence, only the fale defence of rectors, with a very

few exceptions, were Shah Allum, the expulfion of Coffim Ally, in every respect equal to the management ; and the defraudation of the plenipoten- of the Company's affairs.

The Major diary Omichund. On all these topics Ma. finds fault with Mr. Burke for quibbling for Scott is well qualified to write, from so much about words, and he tries to alliga bis local knowledge of India, and his per- many of them their just meaning. We fonal acquaintance with many of the gen- gave our opinion of this autbor's style ou tlemen who were instrumental in bringing a former occalion. about these occurrences. Accordingly he A Letter to the Right Hon. Charles James Fox, one of his Majesty's principal

Secretaries of State. By Major John Scott. Stockdale.
R. Scott takes up the pen to vindi. arms of death, and colle&ting the last rema

cate his inmediate principal, Mr. nant of his exhausted strength, while he Hallings. He confesses himself his poli- dictates to the disconfolate secretary the tical

agent, but he does not address Mr. animated conclusion of the forcible minute Fox in that capacity. He thinks his own he delivered on this occasion: “ Though property, privileges and rights attacked by for my part, says he, I may with propria his bill, and his feelings call upon him to ety fay ibai'I have one foot in the

grave exert himself to oppose it. He is of opin and the other on the verge of it, I trust nion that the public will be injured by the in God I shall retain sufficient ftrength, new plan, as a blow thereby is given io all both of body and mind, to put an advanpublic credit. He asserts, in vindication tageous and glorious end to this deftrucof Mr. Haitings, that he never attempted tige war in India, instead of baving out to secure the interelt of any by corrupe national honour and military credit de practices. During the twelve years of his graded by any solicitation for peace to an governo ship it is impossible, he says, to enemy, already dismayed: and therefore i give a full account. He traces his con. truft ihat this board will never consent to duct from his arrival in India, and adds, so degrading and unjustifiable a measure that his plan was that of peace. Contrary to as is now proposed by the president and his own feelings he has been engaged in war. felea committee of fort St. George."

The following elogium on general Sir In conclulion, Mr. Scott roundly afa Eyre Coote is animated and just: “ I can- feris, that there is as little mismanagement, not here deprive myself of contributing my corruption and oppression in the different hueble nite of gratitude and applause ió seats of the Britiin government in India that worthy and gallant oid general, who as are to be found in any part of the to the inflexible virrues of the man, joined world-chat a few years

of

peace the most exalted talents of the soldier, who flore the India company's affairs to the redcemed us from urier ruin in the Car. highest prosperity in Aga—and that if the natic; lo sacrificed the declining years India bill were loft tomorrow, every core of a muit active life to the difficulties and porate body in the kingdom, and every laboris of war, rendered doubly levere bv man who values his birth-right and she the severities of an Afiatic climate, and freedom of his country, would have reason who lived but to the moment when his to triumph in the event. country had juli began 19 Hatter itself with In this pamphlet we recognise the warm e porfibility of sparing kis exercions feelings of the friend of Mr. Haflings, raa Metlinks are the wonderful seteran re- ther than the folid arguments of a judici. clued on his laurels, Arogyling in the very ons apologift. Euror. MAG.

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Proceedings of a General Court of Proprietors of East India Stock, held at the India

House, on Friday, Nov. 7, 1783, relative to the Hon. Warren Hastings, Governor

General of Bengal. Debrett. TE "HE object of this numerous and rel- The speakers at this court were Cim

pectable meeting was, " To consider modore Johnsone, Mr. Dallas, Sili. the advices brought from Bengal, by the Fletcher, Mr. Sulivan, Mojor Scott, 15. Surprize packet. In consequence of a let. Watson, Mr. Moore.-Commodore jolinter from vine proprietors." Governor stone, Mr. Dallas, and Mr. Wilon make Johnstone opened ihe business, and hav- the first figure as orators. If the speeches ing made the two following motions, the of these gentlemen, as now before lis, uie whole attention of the court was turned to exact transcripts of what they deliveres, the issue of them. The motions were, they do much credit to their correctness That the thanks of the court be given to of di&ion, and their persuasive elegance. Warren Hastings, Esq; and the other If on the other hand, they owe consideramembers of the supreme council, for bly to the taste and judgment of the editor, their great services done in India, and then bis efforts de serve praise. That the court request the said Warren Governor Johnstone pays his tribute of Hastings, Efy; governor general, &c. not respect to the distinguished person, to to resign his offices in India.

whom the attention of the court Sir Henry Fletcher was chairman. turned, as being a great and discerning po

He and Mr. Edward Moore were the litician, but much more as being a cononly persons who declared a strong disap- sum mare general. In order to confound probation of the conduct of Mr. Hastings, his enemies, he puts into his mouth the and who wished 19 with-hold from him words spoken by the Roman general Sylla, those honours which his exalted inerit so when he was asked, how he could remain irresiluibly claimed from others. Sir Henry in Afia when Marius was carrying on such threw out many insinuations to the gover- persecutions a ainst him in Rome? It nor general's prejudice: and Mr. Moore is by this said Sylla, that I am making ftated his diflike to him with much the most cruel war against Marius. I will warmih and inveteracy. Mr. Moore's first conquer the enenies of the republic, was the only diffenting voice in the and then return 10 Rome, and punish court.

Marius."

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Observations on a Letter to the Court of Directors of the East India Company, from

Warren Hastings, Elg; Governor General of Bengal, &c. Printed by Order of the

Court of Directors, Nov. 19, 1783. THE THE contents of Mr. Hastings's letter fally admired, we take this opportunity of

are very generally known. The announeing to ibe world, that he does not composuion of it has been applauded by appear to have considered perspicuity, nor men of letters; and the dignity of lenti- talie, nor truth, as any of the requilites of ment which pervades it, joined to that compofition. Beard his friends, if there spirited and bones indignation which als be any tendency to raih judgment in their ways steps forth in the cause of injured composition, may conclude from this dehonour, has commanded the adıniration claracion, that we certainly do not mean of every man of difeernment and real that the book Rould be universally read, worth.

If they do make such a conclusion, it will These Observations were intended to be a false one: for our neaningis, that refute the affertions contained in the go- the person who shall be disposed to read vernor general's letter, but thev tund only such a work, may be at paiiis previoully to to traduce them. If the directors have bring bis mind ió fuch a train of licking, drope che author a frw rupees, by utav of that he may be able to perife it, without a compensation for his pens, ink avid pa- being dilfatisfied with any defideraia that per, and any litile ideas of his cin, In'y occur to him. whib an acuie oblerver may perrhance It is not our intention-indeed it is not discover in peruling his book, he will rot neceffary--to trouble ourselves with wipe have so much reaton to repine, when he ing off every lit:leftain which we fee imfinds liis unprejudiced and intelligent proüid on the charafier of Mr. Haflings. readers paving his book tha: erbure of We Niall be contented with taking notice respect to which it is to juris cantitled. of one or iwo of the author's contenis, Thae the author may be the more univers

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