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as they present themselves in the beginning his father, the difference in the revenues of his book.

excepted.”—This difference was two lacks Mr. Hastings says, “ The letter from and a half of rupees, by which Cheyt Eing which the extracts he had quoted were had engaged to increase his annual tribuie taken, is signed by the two chairs and to the vizier. This event, the author eleven directors."

sagely remarks, happened more than The author of The Observations chinks twelve inonths before Mr. Hastings fuche di proves elis, by telling us how many ceeded to the office of president and 60directors were for the different resolutions vernor of Bengal; yet he has afferred in his traosmited in the company's general leta printed narrative," " That Cheyi Sing ob. ter; unluckily forgetting that a letter, and tained from our influence, exerted by my. a resolution are very different things; fo felf, the first legal title that his family very different, that a letter (as the one in ever poflefed of property in the land of question really did) may contain five relo- which he, till then, was only the Aunil, lulons, at leaft. For the first of these re- and of which he became the acknowledged folations there were twenty-two directors; Zemindar, by a sunnud granted io hin by for the second, fifteen.-Now if the au- the Nabob, Sujah Dowiah, at my instance, in thor bad added all the (wenty-two's and the month of September, 1773.". No all the fifreen's together, he might have body denies that the event happened just at been able to tack three or four score of die the rime which the author mentions. But rectors names to the tail of the letter. It what is that to the purpose ? that is not is astonishing that this should have escaped the event to which Mr. Hastings alludes. his ingenuity and penetration.

That is the event by which Cheyt Sing obNow comes there another mighty in- tained the title of Aumil, not of the Zeconsistency in the conduct and character of mindar: it procured him the government Mr. Hastings. The president and council of the country, not a legal title to any of Bengal, in a letter to the court of die property in its lands. re-tors, dated Dec. 24, 1770, say, “Cheyt It is not worth while to follow the auSing is now fully invested with the govern- thor through any more of his reasonings. meni, to the entire fatisfaction of every We shall take our leave of him, with oba

le, and is considered by the vizier as serving, that he who embarks in a bad huiding that country on the same terms as cause will always be liable to reproach. The Effects to be expected from the East India Bill, upon the Constitution of Greatv

Britain, if passed into a Law. By William Pulteney, Esq. Stockdale, 1783.

TR. Pulteney informs us, in an ad- tions of those who were to introduce it; formance, that the contents of it were in- produce on the conftitution of our governa tended to have been delivered by him in ment, He next states, with much accuparliament, while the late India Bill was racy, the power which the bill was to give depending: but never finding an oppor- bo the seven direciors. tunity to speak, he was forced to reserve Having reasoned very clearly on this his thoughts; which regard for the in- fubje&t, he goes on to show the ruinous efa tezeit of the late has now prompted him to fects, which such an innovation would fatmit to the confideration of the public. produce on the British government, and

Having entered pretty fully inio the on the prosperity of Britifla fubjects. On views that were molt likely to occur to this laf topic his observations are friking, men of different political sentiments, Mr. and well calculated to set men a thinking.

a Pulteney proceeds to investigate the inten, History of the Dispute with America, from its Origin in 1754, written in the Year

1774. By John Adams, Esq. Stockdale, 1784. "HE object of this performance, seems rights. Whether Mr. Adams now pubthe American to a sense of their

danger, hiftory, in order to convince the world of and to a sense of their juft title to liberty; the political sentiments he then entertain. and to point out the circumstances, by ed; or whether it be only to acquire fame w'nch ii was probable, that perseverence as an author, and zealous supporter of his and vigour jo allerting their rights, would country's rights, we cannot determine. feally put them in posestion of obese The predictions that this gentlemad made

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in 1774, are for the most part now fully genious refleflions, and observations on verified. He is a sensible and a well in- ihe importance of a free communication formed writer. It appears, froin this lie- of sentiments, anong the people, to civil tle work, that in the year 1774, the Ame- liberty. ricans contended not for total indepen- The Ainevicans, of future ages, will, dence on Great-Britain; they only wished perhaps, look upon this lietle book as one for a redress of their grievances, and a of their most valuable inonuments of cucordial reconciliation. Towards the con- riolity. clusion of the pamphlet, we find some inAn Argument to prove, that it is the indispensible Duty of the Creditors of the

Public, to inlift that Government do forthwith bring forward the Contideration of the State of the Nation, and firengthen the public Credit, and rellore public Con. fidence. By John Earl of Stair. Stockdale. He noble author of this pamphlet e

This judicious writer makes several

strictures on the conduct of the Shelburne industry, in procuring information on his ministry. He says, it was wrong in thein subject; to exacuness of calculation, and to superadd the load of penfions, which a fincere regard for the welfare of his the flate must now make good to the Amecountrymen. He has delivered bis ideas rican lovalills, to its former burthens. He in a manner that does him credit as a commends the peace however; and savs, writer ; having rejected that turgidity, and that there was no need of any other proof unmeaning pompoulness, which charac.. to few, how highly acceptable it was to terize the style of lo many writers. He the present ministry, then the extreme discovers, lowever, some negligencies. anxiety with which they waited for the deThe press too, bas added a few errors. finitive treaty, and the eagerness with

We shall here fubjoin some of his Lord which they announced it. The over free ship’s statements of the revenue; in all of belowing of penfions, he blames both in which we think he is very accurate. the ministry of Lord Shelburne's day, and 1783 Total unfunded debt { 30,623,244. that of the Marquis of Rockingham. He 2774 The total expenditure of the civil list says, it is commendable in no minifiry to

efablishment was £ 4,147,757, ain at ioo much aconomy in the civil lift 2784 The expenditure of civil in elia. establishment: every father in the king

blishment will be { 5,517,549. doin must, from his own feelings, conThe total annual peace expenditure demu such a measure. The remains of will be

£16,747,549. the Rockingham pariy, he says, are by no Towards the conclusion of this ingeni- means guilty of this crime; though the ous little work, his lordship thinks it idle, nation had much caule to fear, from the To imagine that we can answer all the rigidly economical fyítem they promised deficiencies that now press upon us, from to adopi. Of them, his lordsirip remarks, the gleaning and refule of taxable fub- that their practice uniformly runs counter jects that now remain." He proposes a to their professions. The late alarming plan by which considerable duties may be fall in the funds, was not owing to the raised, without oppreslion, on wine and artful conduct of an obscure Jew broker, tobacco.

but to the declining fate of public credit. Addressed to his Grace the Duke of Portland, A Memorial concerning the Woollen

Manufactury, and the Exportation of Wool unmanufactured, to foreign Countries. To which is added, a Plan to prevent so destructive a Commerce, by Peter Peterson.' Hookham, 1783.

HỆ memorialin seems to be well ac- livers several ideas, which, if properly wool. He illustrates its importance to prove that branch of commerce. Great Britain, very judiciously; and deEleventh Report from the Select Committee, appointed to take into Consideration the ti State of the Administration of Justice in the Provinces of Bengal, Babar, and Orilla.

Debrett,

the of ?

T
THE committee in the course of their by the company's servants, to the orders

'inquiry into the obedience yielded of the couri of direciors, could not over

look

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look the circumstance of their accepting, ling passion is one of a nobler kind than “ gifts and presents.” This object is the that which governs men of ordinary views. subject of the eleventh report, which ex. The framers of the eleventh report seem ceeds all former reports in peevishnels of not to have proceeded with that coolness, Ayle, and prejudice, and ill-nature against and dispallionateness which became their the Governor of Bengal. The members rank and office. They seem to have proof the committee seein to have quite over- ceeded with all the eagerness and severity looked the motives which induced Gover- of barristers, whose role object is, not the nor Hatings to accept of those suins, wbich elucidation of truth, but the imputation he afterwards disbursed for the company's of guilt. Nor is their impartiality, and emolument. Had he been an avaricious prejudice, covered with the cloak of man, he might now have been in pollel. (mooth language, and plausible arguments, Yua of a fortune far exceeding the most as in the ninth report: it appears in a friendid one possessed by the most aifluent rough and uncouih garb; from which cislabject of Great-Britain. But this is not cumstance we are inclined to think, that the cafe. After enjoying every opportu, it is not the production of Mr. Burke, city of acquiring wealth, his fortune is but that of General Richard Smith. bui moderate : a clear proof that his ru. A Collection of the Letters which have been addressed to the Volunteers of Ireland,

on the Subject of a Parliamentary Reform, by the Earl of Effingham, Doctor Price, Major Cariwrighi, Doctor Jebb, and M:. Wyvill. Stockdale, 2 s. 6d.

HIS colleclion commences with the liberal and just. The Irish Gentlemen mittee. The Rev. C. Wyvill, chairman Their ideas of political freedom, and of of the faid committee, transmits the deter- wealth and grandeur, are the obvious minations of the committee, and his own sources of the le characteristical features in sentiments, to the different societies and their ilyie. Dr. Jebb and Mr. Cartwright private perfons, with whom they wilhed fupport their principles eloquently. Br. to establish a political correspondence, with Price writes, it is true, with his usual soli. all the earneitness, spirit and zeal, which dity and judgment; but he seems to join the consciousness of a good cause could with the Irish so heartily, and unbecompoffibly inspire. The particular ftation ingly, in triumphing for their boalled which he filled, gave him an opportunity emancipation, that a generous Briton is of diffusing his ideas very widely; for ibc apt to look upon him in the unamiable Yorkfoire Committee was not only a re- light of a pariy-man, who will sacrifice spectable and numerous committee, but any consideration to the pleasure of a pathe earlief formed of any in England, fron, or the acquireinent of a little une and that which pursued the measures it ap- subliantial reputation, proved, with the greatest warmth and vi- To thole who are interelted in the fub. gour. Mr. Wyvill displays a very con- ject of parliamentary reform, this collec. fiderable share of political knowledge; tion must be very acceptable. They will Imany of his thoughts are new, and all of find in it, a catalogue of the chief defects them are cloarhed in that decent and fub- in our present mode of representation ; ft ancial sort of garb, which indicates the and the hines that have been thrown out richness of an author's trealure.

for removing these defects, and for ren. The Earl of Effingham's opinions are dering the system complete and found. An authentic Account of the Debates in the House of Lords, on Tuesday, Decem

ber 9; Monday, December 15; and Wednesday, December 17, 1783, on the Bill ** For establishing certain Regulations for the better Management of the Territories, Revenues, and Commerce of this Kingdom, in the Ealt Indies." To which is added, an accurate List of the Divisions both on Monday and Wednesday. London, Debrett, 1783.

E are told in a preface to this col- an account as possible ; and his convi&tion the press by a Gentleman who was pre- The grounds of the gentleman's anxiety fent; and bis reasons for doing the public fill remain : for the public is by no means so great a favour were, “ His anxiety to furnished with “ as accurate an account fee the public furnished with as accurate as posible," of these important debates.

W

With regard to the great deficiency of the consequence, that the bill then pending in newspapers, it is a pity that his conviction parliament, was so far from being the cruel of that deficiency did not enable him to and tyrannical bill it had been represented fapply it. We fall mention only one 10 be, that its manifeft tendency was to omiffion; but that one is great ; and by reflure to the people those indisputable ie the gentleman's account of the proceed- rights of which a blind and unwise policy ings of the noble lords, goes forth into the had robbed them.” This thoulbi proworld deftinute of what would have been perly spread out, and properly drelled, its chiei ornament, Eurl Fitzwilliam, in would have made a good figure in the colhis speech of the 15th, proved, with much lection before us. The oinition of it beauty of language, and much ingenuity gives us reason io fufpeét, that the gei. of arrumeni, 6. That all charters, all mo- ieman who sent the speeches to the press, nopolies, and all exclusive privileges did nothing but detail the ideas which the whatever, are infringements of the just newlpapers had already made publie. and natural rights of the people; and by A shore Commercial and Political Letter from Mr. Joseph Price, to the Right llon.

C. J. Fox, one of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, on tile Subject of his

Abatic Bills now pending in Parliament. Stockdale, 1783.
M
R. Price informs Mr. Fox in the " Where such power, as the India

beginning of his letter, that he Bill would confer, will lead, is the duty thinks the manifch tendency of his India of every Englifhan to confider," and bill is, 10 enslave all the Englishmen in that the nation may have an opportunity pliat country. At the fame time, he bids of considering the ibing fully and fairly: him be cautious, left they ferve this nation Mr. Price thinks the case fliould be refer. as the Aincricans have done- fend over red to a diffolution of parliament. Such all its fubjects in their native country. a measure he thinks, would be, at once, He recummends to Mr. Fox, to talk more constitutional, expedient, and popular. la boldly to “his enemies, and less delu- this pamphlet Mr. Price writes with his lively to his fellow-subjects.”

usual good sense and drollery. An Address to the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralev, upon the

dissatisfied State of the British Navy. By a Sailor. Stockdale. HE author of this useful and interest- with the sentiments of British lars; and, with theoretical knowledge, bas been able firms, that no very young commander will to present the world with a set of direc- ever be chearfully obeyed; men will do tions and regulations which will not only their duty under him, only because they tend to the improvement of those who are cannot avoid doing it ; whereas thev occasionally employed in active dutv, but would relpeet, and honour, and ebey an fvinilh Saltary hints for those who guide officer arrived at a decent period of its; the grand movements of the navy. Ile who had gone regularly through the diffe. confefies himfelf partial to the navy, rent gradations of rank, and given proof which must appear a very strange thing io of his courage in batile, and his skill in one who has reflected on the following dirceling the conduct and manauvres of paffage : “ I have had the honour and fa- his ship. risfaction to serve my country above thirty 'The author mentions the valt attention years, with the fullest approvation of my paid by the cabinet of Versailles to the fuperior oficers; and I have shed my state of the French navy, as a firong moblood in its defence : vet have i the mis- tive for those in power among us to efir. fortune not to bear any rank.” What a blish the navy of England on a formidable difgrace to the lords of the admiralty, if and permanent footing. He thinks Bria there be room for such reproach!

tain ought at all times to have 10 line of The d' fatisfied late of our navy the au- battle ships ready to be manned, and put thor inputes to the hally and undue pro. to fea. motion of the sons of great families to the To commissioners of the admiralty, and importart offices of lieutenants and post to profesional gentlemen, and indeed 10 capains, and to the palpable neglect that all who wish to be instructed in some of is often shewn to humble but well arrested the principal topics of naval science, we te leems to be well acquainted recommend whai the writer of this book

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bas said, on the management of ihips after other ships that have foundered at sca) on being paid off; on the caulking of thips; the keeping up of a respectable body of to the unkilful pradlice of which he in- inarines; on the regulation of dockputes the loss of the Centaur, and several ya.ds, &c.

An Eray on Misanthropy. Bi Percival Stockdale. Law, 1783. 15. IT is the object of this little pamphlet, vere in his observations, than he is gentia toonious declamatio!, and philosophical the idea of the weakness of the human decision on the subject of misanthropy. heart; of those powerful temptations to Th-te are, as our author observes, iwo evil, and of the cruel woes which are alkaads of milanthropy; the one the foe to most the necessary and constant attendants our digrity, and the bane of our happi- on vice, even in this nether State, he feels nefs : the other the genuine effects of our every emotion of vehement and practical diligent speculations. This last will keep hatred to mankind, die within his breast. ui calm and serene amidst the tumults of This short abridgement will serve to give life. It will secure us esteem, respect, some idea of the scope of this publication, cautent, and fatisfaction. And however The character delineated by Mr. Stockparadoxical the assertion may seem, he af- dale exists, to a certain degree, in nature, Eras it will tend to make us good Chris. and naturally arises from an union of phitians. The author goes on 10 evince the lanthropy with philofophy. Towards the ich of these propositions. The word conclusion of this essay, we meet with lemisanthropy, he juhly observes, in its na- veral very just lrictures on a criticism of tural and limple meaning, undoubtedly Mr. Harrison Dr. Swift, whom Mr. sigrifies a hatred of mankind. But often Stockdale jusly prefers, in point of wit ro a word departs, on its transition into a Mr. Addison. Mr. Stockdale is a very foreign or later language from its primitive acute observer on human nature ; but his Signification ; and accordingly, there is a writings do not tend to inspire either an Dilanthrope who is not more acute and se. hatred or contempt of mankind.

The Ministerialist, by Junius, London, Stockdale, 1583. THO

HE name of Junius is well known both lay with the unjust feward, “ To

to the world. The quickness of his dig we are not able, and to beg we are discernment, and the keenness of his fa- alhamed.” What remained then for then tre, had long since distinguished him. In but “ To make friends with the namiron the present litile work, he fully fupports of righteousnes." in <wing the his character as a writer; being, through. right honourable Secretary's inconfiilency et, (pirited, acute, and willy; but very of conduct, he says, “Iliances were les irorical and farcallic.

miliar to tim, were deviations from the His aiṁ is, to direct the reader's obser- strict rule of right were justified by the tion to the conduct of the Whispari of greatness of the lake : in this infance the present ministry: in order to discover the hazard was great, and the same he " Whether they have gratified in office, played deep:" he might have quested his the expectations they raised in oppositis own speed, and added, that the hazeid on." To attain this end, there are two was nothing less than a kingdom, bericles things which he uses as the ground-work the two liale circunstancis of losing of bis reasonings, their profeilions, and own honen'," and running the uk "cf their actions: and there he makes to tally being called the moll infamous of manin a manner that reflects on them no great kind.” degree of honour.

The fikndid talents of the Duke of The coalition is the firnt object of his Portland, the rulourous conduct of my ridicule. He holds out Mr. Foxo the Lord kept I, Lord Northington's abili contempt of the world; and he does so vies and wealth, and Mr. Sheriden's noble with inuch propriety and jullice, uling his thirst after the glory of a newspaper repur procellations recorded in the Parliamenta- tation, are all duly noticed in the courle ry Regiller of 1782, as an authority for .of ihis work: but Mír. Burke is difline what he alledges. But in this inllance, guished by an extraordinary degree of an Lord North comes in for a share of the tertio, and were is not for the great viaobloquy.

ripresif Tr. Fxrharacter, ach cuid be The author observes, that they could the heru of the piece.

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