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Mr. Burke's scandalous behaviour on
of an overgrown court influence, &c." the discovery made of fraud in the Pay- and thence draws conclufions which we Office, is painted in very proper colours. recommend to the reader to perule in the Mr. Fox, ihe man of the people, receives work itself. We have heard, says the a just tribute of respect for his proceedings author, mighty professions, and mighty with respect to the loan in April lal'; promises of prudent measures for the pubhis oppolition to Mr. Pile's refurin bill in lic: “Let us wait the issue with fervent June; the Prince of Wales's ellablish- hope, and a lively expectation; we canment, &c. &c. To these, the author adds not be more than disappointed; and the the steps that have been taken with regard interval may afford falutary exercise for to India affairs, and compares the whole faith, charity, sufference, and other Chriswith the Right Hon. Secictary's
tiau virtues," tion to the voice of the people, his dread Remarks on the Climac, Produce, and Varural Productions of Nova Scotia; in a
Letter to the Right Honourable the Eail of Macclesfield. Debrett, is. FR ROM this publication it would ap- author sather writes with a bias in favour
pear that the profits to be derived of it; which circumftance tends a good from fishing and farming in Nova Scotia, deal to inake his information questionable. far exceed the ideas generally entertained indeed, most of the topics which he handles, of these objects. With regard to the clic have been discussed in earlier publications. mate and natural productions of that coun- Prefixed to the work, is a very accurato try, we are disposed to think, that the map of Nova Scotia. A familiar Address to the Curious in English Poetry, more particularly to thc Readers
of Shakespeare. By Therlites Literarius, London, 1784. 'Payne. ART of the motto of this learned mall not, in the present instance, attempt
, " . to demonftrate. We shall only fay, that cording to his folly, left he be wise in his this “ Address to the curious in poetry," own conceit.” In this injunction of the is a strange performance, and that he must wise man, there is much wisdom; but be a strange genius indeed, who can find whether we are qualified to follow it, we entertainment in perusing it. Observations on Infant Sprinkling: or, an Anfwer to a certain Publication entitled,
The Reviewer Reviewed, in a Series of Letters to the Author. By William Rich
ards. Lynn, the Booksellers there, and Keith and Cater, London. Price gd. If general
lence of ablutions from lin, in modern ons which fuperllition and priest-craft have as well as antient times, in Alia, by plung- introduced into the Chrillian Religion : ing or bathing in holy rivers ; the manner although we do not think that this inliance in which it is evident our Saviour was bap- of deviation from the truth, is incompatible lized by John the Baprift in Jordan; the by any means with lively faith in all those manner too, in which the cunuch was bap. particulars that are essential to falvation. rized by the disciple of our Lord, the Mr. Richards had publiihed itriciures on aponic Philip; and have regard to the plain infant baptism, and á Mr. Carter, who, it and unforced interpretation of Scripiure; seems, is a clergyman, replied to him in a we shall have some reason to wonder how publication entitled, the Reviewer reviewinfant sprinkling should ever have been ed. Mr. Richards replies to Mr. Carter, fubflituied in the room of the true and in the letters before us, and clearly proves, original rite of initiation into ibe Chrif that infant sprinkling is not authorised by cian frith, and also at the pertinacity or either precopt or example in the facred prejudices of those, who enter into the scriptures. He is a man of considerable difpute copcerning pedobaptism, and ex. ability, and theological learning. But he amine its merits wib industry, without does not write in that grave, moden, libe. being convinced that it is a deviation froin sal, canuid, and charitable manner which the meaning and genius of Christianity, oughe io adorn the writings, as well as the and the practice of the firft Christian leach. lives of Chrillian men. ers. infant sprinkling manifestly apponia
Pamphlet is, no Answer a fool ac
SUMMARY Account of the PROCEEDINGS in PARLIAMENT.
( Continued from Vol. IV.
p. 466. ) HOUSE OF COMMON S. the gaining of which such art and such accoma
modarion had been used. JANUARY 12.
At the same time, however, that he chear.
fully expressed his readiness to go into the com. "HE House was unusually crowed by twelve mittee on the state of the nation, he thought o'clock.
it right that this committee should be delayed The Speaker informed the House, that since for tome short time, and he trusted the realons their laft meeting he had received a letter from which he should give would be satisfactory to Sir Edward Hughes, and also a letter from the house. It had pleased his majesty tu comCommodore King, in answer to the vote of mand his services, at a time, when, however tanks of that house, which he had communi- he might feel himself unqualified for the high cated to them. He read the letters in his station of the minister, he could not think siace, and delivered them to the clerk to be hi nfelf justified in conscience to decline. The catered in the votes.
circumstances of the country were peculiar and At half past two, Mr. Fox rose and said, he diitressing. would proceed to move the order of the day; The East-India bill, brought in by the right but he was interrupted by the re-elected mem- hon. gentleman, a bill so violent in its form as bers coming to take their feats. They came to give just reason for alarm to every thinking leparately, and it was near four o'clock before man, had been, by what powerful management they were all seated.
it was not for him to say, hurried through that 141. Fox and Mr. Chancellor Pitt then rose house. That bill established a species of inat the same, and the friends of both Genile- Aluence unknown to the constitution of this uden were very loud in pro-uring for them the country; and he was one of a mot respectable preference. The Speaker laid, that Mr. Fox minority, who thought, that if it had passed was in polieflion of the house, for he had been into a law, the independence of that house, oy, and was interrupted by the swearing in of the equilibrium between the three estates of the the re-elected members. Mr. Chancellor Pirt realm, and the beautiful frame of our governe faid, he spoke to order, and he therefore was ment, was at an end. That bill pafled this beard.
house, but at the same time it was the idea of He said he knew not that Mr. Fox was in all men, even of those who objected to that pofíeffion of the house, but he thought it re- bill, ihat though that bill was perfectly unfit to quifi:e for him to say, that the reafin for his be pasied, fome bill was essentially necesary ; riting was to present to the house a message and he had pledged himself, if it was withfrom his Majesty, conceiving, as he did, that drawn, or thrown out, to propose one less viothe house would be difposed to hear that in lent in its principle, and, as he thought, more pieerence to other matter.
ad quaie to its purposes. The Speaker then from the chair Guid, that Heitated all his great ob cctions to Mr. Fox's Mr. Fox having begun his speech was clearly in bill, and said, that he was now called upon by poffeffion of the house, and was entitled to go his duty, to bring in a new bill, and if the
house, by agreeing with him to postpone the The right hon. Mr. Fox then rose and said, order of the day, would give him leave to move that nobody would believe that he was inclined for lease to bring in his bill, he would state all ay any means to preve..t the right honourable the outlines of his system, as fhortly and prechancellor of the exchequer from preicn:ing a cisely as he couit. He trusted, that he thould ne.luge from his majesty ; but having risen to not be prevented because the right hon. gentle. more for the order of the day, and the right man had foreitalled the house, by rising at a hun yurable gentleman having it in his power time wren those persons were absent, whose to present the message after the bufiness of the dary it was to conduct official business, and he dy as well as before, and knowing at the fame hoped the house in general would agree with tine, from the nature of the message, that there him in voting again't the order of the day. would be no injury in waiting, he wished that Mr. Powys allured the house, that he was the house thould go into the committee on the not agitated with any of that heat or violence, Bate of the nation, where a motion of the mo't which he saw but tuo evidently was rising in immediate coniequence to the house would be their minds; he laineted that it was fo; and made, ani whichi, in his mind, oughe cop:ca he was happy that he was absent at the time, ced all other bulines. He therefore begged wben the bili, which gave occasion to all this izave to move the order of the day.
heat, was thrown out. He withod it had been Mr. Chancellor Pits then role. He was by chrown out by that house, rather than by mi meaas 2010us, he luid, to prevent the another branch of the legillature; but he reHvise from going into the committee on ite jeived that it was defeated; for it was chared Are of the nation, or to keep th: righ: hin. in his mind with great and alarming conie. imaa irun the forefion of the buti', to
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man, that a bill was immediately required for prerogative of the crown to diffolve the parliasetiling the government of the East-Indies; ment. It had been denied by many great and as the right hon. gentleman had said he lawyers that there was a prerogative of the was ready to bing in his bill, it surely ought crown to diffolve the Parliament Ju.ing a feflion, to be their immediate desire to give him the and while busincís and petitions were pending. gpportunity. He called not for concurrence, of this, however, he was certain, that there but a hediing. The house was pledged to the had nuc been an instance since the Revolution dicufion of the India business. It was their of any such exercise of the prerogative, if it declaration to the thronc, that they would im- did exist. Amidst all the contention of party mediately pursue it, and as it was an argument since that glo.ious period, the parliament het with fone men for voting for the last bill, that never been diftulved during the business of a they had no optiun, because there was no oiher, fetiiun. In the reigns of the miserable fimiy so lofs violent mcalure, he wished the option of the Stewarts, this foit of violence was not might be given, and that for this expreis pur
Charles I. had done it: Charles puse the right bon. gentleman might have an 11. had done it; and James II. had done it ; opportunity of bringing in his bill.
and it was to be remembered-he hoped to be But as he knew that the present was a trial engraven on the minds of Englishmen-tiat of strength, he w.is sensible that all argument when this violent measure was last perpetrated, was trail and frivolous. He preiumed, how- which was as he said by James II. he had out ever, to remind the house of the great points been allowed to meet another. He difiulved of their duty--that it was certainly their first one parliament in the middle of a feffiör., and regard to attend to the welfare of their countiy, it put a period to his violations of the constitusaiher than to the argrandizement of this or tion and to his reign. that party--for while they were struggling for It was for the purpose of moving a very nepower, and contending points of particular in- cefiary and proper resolution to guard them. tercit to themselves, it was literally death to selves againit th's danger, that he was anxious the country. He wished to heaven, therc fore, to go into the committee ; but, says the hop. it were posible to put an end to the contefts of gentleman, it is not right to disturb govesofaction, and to bring those men to act together ment: we ought not to have opposition. He ügain, who, while they were together, uid so had no wish to make the lituation of minifters much for their country. It would immorialize unpleasant to them; but he desired a: the Tanie the man who could accomplith this great ride time that their situation should be secured. ciliation.
How had their implicit panegyrist said it there He concluded with saying, that he thought was not a majority they would go down again itua the duty of the house to pay espect to to the people; they would appeal to the people; the modeft requeit of tins ministers. They and they stood better with the people than their asked only to be heard, and surely in fo im- opponents a story of which he did not believe portant a m.tter they ought most seriously to one word. Ho fancied that this measure might liten to them.
depend on the issue of the question on that .fr. Fx then rose ar.d faid, I Mall endea. day. He believed, that if ministers found the vour to discharge my duty, whether I am here house of commons fim in their integrity and or at the other side of the house, with perfect opinion that they were not to be shaken by candour a: d fairness. I wish not to give any ans, or by all the temptations which were held delay to the Indian business. It is thic duty of out, then he would be bound to say, there the house to go into the difcuffion of it without would be no ditiolution, for they would not the lois of time, and I wish trcm to go to it as venture to meet the consequence of a house of fxn as it is pallible for them to go to it with Commons rendered so vigorous by houcity and any p:obability of success. To do that we determination : but if they found them waver; cüt go to it ivilke reedom; we muft go to it if they found then timorous and unleitled; of wembarrated, and that I aver we cannot co, Corrupt and rractable-difpetitions which Le while the danger of a difolution of Parliament did not belicve the present house of commnas 1..1.g> over our heads. That they were under would ever be found in--then the parliament ichi danger was clear, from the whole of the would be dillolved; for though they miglie vain conduct of minister since they came into office. It was in the answer to the actrese of the house. themieives fufticienily fortified without a dinio
a particular queition, they would not think It was in the runiours of the day. It was the lution : and if they went down again oe've Apirit of cery part of their conduct. The people, he aiures the house, they wuld dearter of the sone to the addicis clearly pend more on certain advantages which they ipoke this anguig" to tou koule. If you dare would give them in certain marketable boroughin io akimtan opinion of your cwn, nay if you than on the opinion of the people. co not without any argument or raton change But why noi lufter the right lon. gentleman your fentiment on this ground, you ihail be to move for his bili firtt, and go into the com: Gildissved; but if you do change your opinion, mittee on the date of the nation afterwards? is you ao support ihe miniters ot' the day you Forihc cieuselt of all posible seasons. B
Quli, at they are suffered to pursue this courte, -Pri: was ind-hai--soull 700 interfere tiro: tie the guise of the horie, and noding if *th the CO2-671, of the town! Ti is the dirimlerinis
6."cha, the next day dibute the
par inan: ;
garliament; whereas by going into the com- He called on them therefore to go into the aittee, measures might be taken to guard committee on the state of de nation, that againk a measure fo inimical to the true in- they might prevent the's diffolution--that terests of the country.
they might not let the fears of death perplex It was laid that he had gat poffeßion of the their fancy; and when they had come to a ree house by management, and that it was unfair; solution which w.uld effectuate this, th:y Le conceived it to be the contrary. This day might then enter on the India bill with securiig was appointed for going into the commit:ee on and spirit. the itate of the nation, and in order to pre- “ But nothing had yet hapşened to make rest confufion, in order that it might not be the diffolution of the parliament neceffary," made merely what it had been called, a quer- No! What did that fignity? What but that con of ftrength, he had come down early to something might happen, which would render move for the order of the day, that the house it necessary. Let us, says Mr. Fox, go into might come regularly to a question which he the committee and rend-o ic impofible. Let intended to move in the committee.
us preserve the beauty of our conftitution, of Ao hon. gentleman wishes for more coali- that happy practicable equilibrium which has t'nas. It had always been his idea that there all the eficacy of monarchy, and all the liberty terre, in cases of political variance and ob. of republicanism, moderating the despotism of jection, but two means to be used. The one the one, and the licenciourners of the other : 435, in case of delinquency, to inflict public that which was in theory proved to be fallaciet fare, and where that was not pursued, pub- ous, but which has been, since the revolutio, le oblivion. This had been his motive in so pure as well as to eitectual. This was his colcfcing with the noble lord.
i olject, and he called upon the house to acHe was one of those who imagined that no- company him to the committee. thing was so injurious as that men ihould per- Lord Mulgrave imputed to opposition a spirit perually conceive enmities to one another, be- of wrangling inconfiftent with their profeflions cafe they had been hostile in debate. This of patriotism and public spirit. His praise of be knew was the principle propagated by the the minister were lavish and animated. He (scret advisers of the crown, because there was endeavoured to contrast him with a late righe whing which they hated to much as confi- honourable secretary, whom he, however, alcence and cunnection. To destroy connection lowed to pofers the first abilities. The India ani to prevent is to separate those who were bill in contemplation could only be imperfectly jared, and to keep those afunder who had ac- understood. There was, however, in the ro. cidentally differed, was their great object; for ble lord's opinion, a strong propensity in the * 123 only by dividing men that they could house to speculate on the subject. The object ered to prevail.
then was easy. Let the right honourable gen. " It was a trial of strength.” It was no tieman submit to the confideration of the hour, trial of trength between the present ministers those great outlines which conitituted the fuba and thote on his fide of the house. If it was a Itance and spirit of his mcafu:e. Then there trial of strength, it was whether this country wouid be an opportunity or hearing his own * 3 in future to be governed by a ministry iup- conceptions, and no danger of misrepresenting parted by that house, or by the fecret advisers them. " the crown. This was the question at issue, . Mr. Pulteney detested every thing which had and he trusted it would be very soon decided. the most distant fimilitude to secret influence :
He said that a government of recret influence but he was not sure what was meant by that nek be a weak government; and a weak go- phrase. Most undoubtedly it could never be Seminent was wirle than none; for where intended to make a monopoly of the royal ear, there was perfect confusion, there would soon or to deprive the fovereign even of volition. f*g* out of it order; but the anarchy of a He was fure there was not an honorable gonveak government might be lasting. Would teman in the house who would not jo'n illuc Bae, then, think of changing the strong, man- with him on the subject; but he would not als, public, and responsible government, which gree to ftigmatize every instance of advice
had enjoyed for a century part, into this which the fovereign might have occafion to call miferable expedient ?
for as unconstitutional. He was certain that Where it depended on secret influence, the the more advice of this kind reached the throns, Lavernment never could be laiting, for it was the better it would be for the public. He ad. Wie nature of jealousy to be capricious. One verted to the idea of a diffolution of parliament, would imagine that one could not be jealous of which recmed to be fu generally entertained. that person whom we ought only to defpise ; He was sorry to fee gentlemen on the other and men would think, that on this principle fide of the house lo very vebement and deterere present cabinet would be safe, for it was mined on the question, as, in iis opinion, the imposed of men who were in general of that very steps they were taking to prevent, muit dichiation which folly itseli could not be jeal- unavoidably produce that effect. They were 63 ; but even they would not escape-By themselves, he thought, obvioufy inclined for and hye they would be fufpected in their turn, the very object they reprobited, and fremej and widenei er they were citablished they would not a little eager to bring it on. He reitid
the strength of his argument on this point, H 2
be dr throned.
that the resolutions which might be entered in- lately done into quaint phrases, which only to by the committee, would alluredly terminate gave a handle against them, and tended to load in a diffolution of parliament.
them with ridicule and contem.pt. He inLord North rose in answer to the foregoing fanced in the phrase on the lie Attorneyspeaker, and was extremely po'nted anú trong General, about charters only bring a piece of in his remarks, especially on the hon. gentle- parchment, with apce of wax sangling at the man's idea of a diffolution. His lord hip vine, end of it. A facetious witer, he said, hud dicated himself against the constant imputation observed on this, that an attorney, sunporng that he had once, and long been the agent or him to die a premature death, was only a case minister of secret influence. He had frequent cite dang'ing at a roze. This, he said, was ly declared on his honour, that he was privy indecent, but it originated in the lo ven is of to no secret in Auence. He howe:er, when in seiking, which had now become tahionabie. office, had spoke of himself as the premier, He then entered on a long discuition of the but generally included those who acted with king's prerogative, ard affir..ed the exercise of him; and they ever hai been, and were non this was not subiected to any cmendation whi'. willing to stand forth as one man, and answer ever, and tha. the reasoning on the other is it as well as they could, for the fe eral acis of was calculat:d only to pove that the parliatheir administration.
ment was not to be difiolved without its 0401 His lordship, for one, neser would agree to consent. Shift the blame from his own houlders. There Gen. Conway answered Mr. Dundas hy a might be influenc: unknown to hiin, but then variety of pertinent animadversions on the he had no concern with it whatever. He did doctrines he had held forth in whit be had theo not feel it. He advifed his majeity to the belt advanced. He was not innd of finding out fo of his abilities, and acted on that advice with many new theories as exredient to fit the pur. uprightness. But he now declared, as he ever poscs of a new practice lately introduced in the had, that no secret advice why ever had once government of this country. The doctrines of interfered to thwart his measures, or force him this day had been pretiy fully exemplified in to act on an opinion not his own.
the speech of the learned gentleman who spoke All the parts, he contended, of the contie lat.. Surely no higher prerogative doctrines tution, were formed to act harmoniously, but were ever broached in parliament. What were an excess of adhering literally and dogmatical- some of them? Why, that whenever the pare ly to the prerogatives of either must inevitably liament did not chine in with the minifter it terminate in the de'truction of the whole. He should be diisolved. This was undoubtedly a therefore hoped his majesty would be bett r novelty in the English con-titution, which ihe advised than to rush on a measure which might friends of it would not easily admit. This was be followed with the most dismal and general making parliament nothing at all but the mere mischiefs. However, he trusted no man would instrument of an arbitrary sovereign; for the speak lightly of the evils, which, in his opi- moment any thing truck then as eligible, pion, were inevitable from such an event, of they had it not in their power to adopt it with the flame which a dislolution of parliament out previously cenfuiting the pleasure of the would undoubtedly raise. No, these were not king. He recommended it to the house rol to be concealed, and could not be palliated. to life a moment, but to go directly into the He concluded, with wishing für the order of comınitte-, and there, after taking such steps the day, and t'a at the house may go fortlıwith as teemed necessary to their own preservacion, into the committee on the state of the nation. they might de ermine the right hon. gentle
Mr. Dundas rose in reply to Lord North, man's motion. whom he profesied he did not understand. It Mr. Pitt role in o:der to answer the questions was in his apprehension at leat somewhat mare which had been su frequently put to him by ievellous, that he who had been the oftenfible veral gentlemen on the ocher fide of the house. minister for upwards of twelve i cars, could not He bein by recording every question he had decide the fact whether there was a secret in- been alking during the course of the debate. fluence or not.
He speculated with much ingenuity on their He was in hopes the right hon. gentleman motives who urged him thus keenly on this (Mr. Fox) in support of his strong and pointed point; and he denied that he was either bound declamation on the subject, would have brought ai a minister to give any facisiaction, or to forward some facts which might have decided consider himself as acting a fair and conscienti. the contct, and which, from his connection ous part in saying pofitively what should be the with the noble lord in the blue ribbon, it was future dispositions of his majetty on that subnot unnatural to supp se lim poffcfied of. But ject. He then applied himself to answer a is this the case? No.. He alerts strongly and variety of things which had been aimed at him pointedly, but leaves the drudgery and detail of during the debate. He affected to hold them proof to some person of inferior eloquence to all in the greatest contempt. He parried some, frate at their leisure. But what are we to in- and flatly denied o:hers. But still he acknowfer from this ? that all the clamour that has ledged, that responsibility of government was len raseid, is only on something chimerical, the greatest security to the subject, and the ar } found din no fac? wha.ever. He withd le rest of ministers. It was not for him to go tlemen ymuid not 50 so much as they had point oui in all cases the express boundarie, oi