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Mrxglas of the Right Honourable WILLIAM PITT, firft Lord Commiflioner
of the Treasury, and Chancellor of his Majesty's Exchequer.
Embellished with an eleganç engraved LIKENESS. THE PHERE is not in the whole world a cupies the attention, or interests the bcarte
nobler school of eloquence, patriol- of men, the talents, the public spirit, and ism, and a proper knowledge of the the political measures of Chathain will be world than the British house of commons. related with admiration and remembered he affords the amplest scope to all the pas- with gratitude. hops, and urges on the ambitious and vir. This renowned Natesman had two sons, tuons to idftances of personal eminence şhe present Lord Chatham, and his brother, and public spirit. On this theatre variety who occupies the important Gruation of of new characters incellantly come for. prime minister. He was the fondeft and ward, and, by their good or bad qualities, most affiduous of fathers. Amidf the merit the approbation or cenfure of con- greatest public concerns, a coinplication temporaries. Here the arts of legiflation of bodily infirmities, and the rapid decline are acquired, all the primary rights and of life, 'he tended their rifing minds and claims of mankind accidentally compared, cherished their opening understandings arranged and harmonized, and the great with the tenderest and most anxious fokiand complicated science of government at citude and delight. And from his own once taught and reduced to practice. babits of life, it was natural to draw their
It is in this famous school that the nụ. education as he did, with a steady attention merous and illustrious race of heroes and to thofe general and public objects which Hatcfinen, who grace and immortalize the had always possessed lo laudable a Share of Britih annals, had the rudiments of all his own. those virtues and qualities which gave ele
The different talents which was likely to vation and stability to their characters. The mark their future conduct did not escape genius of our constitution ever according his penetration. The one from an invinwith the ardour, the magnanimity, and cible modelly, which was apt to cnibarass the enterprize of the sublimelt minds, has him from his infancy, notwithstanding kindled from time to time, and kept every presage of a vigorous intellect, he alive those sacred regards for the rights of forelaw was not calculated to excel in the humanity, and that generous contempof arts of public speaking. In the other he danger and death which uniforınly second perceived the rudiments of parts but little and accompany all the exertions of patriot- adapted to succeed in any other spliere,
To the tuition of a son, whose genius Among those intrepid and congheni al- seemed so very similar 10 bis, own, he fertors of liberty and independance, one of therefore applied himself with much alathe last, and none of the least, was the ce crity and fatisfaction. lebrated father of the present premier. This very young and extraordinary And'while the history of this country oc- fatefman was born on the eighth of May,
in the memorable year of 1759, when the intimate contemporaries proposed him. 29 glory of his father's administration was al no improper person to represent that an. its beighe, when the British flag was every cient and learned body in parliament. where triumphant, when our arms were This, however, being a contefied eleétion victorious, our merchants successful, our he politely declined, and was cholen oemenemies humbled, our dependencies re- ber for Poole. cure, and our people happy. Nor was In the house of commons he was soon the present firit commissioner of the trea- distinguished boih by his eloquence and his fuiy perhaps the least extraordinary pro- principles. He took an inmediate and duction of this wonderful year.
decided part with that illuitrious band of No ara, however, could possibly be patriots, who, united by the great and more aulpicious to the birth of great ta- imminent dangers which threatened the lents. Nor did those discover themselves country, ang animated by the enthusiasm by such puerilities as are calculated only of public spirit, ftruggled so long, so ar. or chiefly to flatter paternal fondness. dently, and so magnanimously, to recover Attention, alıdvity and correctness in ac- the fallen credit and restore the expiring complishing the several talks imposed for vigour of the Britilh empire. The firit storing his young understanding with the speech he delivered in parliament arrested various elements of grammar and science, the attention and conciliated the sympathy were the principal indications of genius of his honourable audience to a wonder, which diitinguished luis earlier years. ful degree. Nothing had ever a fines or
But no sooner was his knowledge of the more immediate effect. li astonished and classics deemed sufficient to qualify him for over-powered the house! The genius of the higher walks of literature, and the le- his immortal father was, in some respects, veral branches of philosophy, than he was recognized, and felt in the tropical lanfent with that view to the university of guage, the bold conceptions, the elegant Cambridge. This was the choice of his manner, the animated lentiments, and the father, for very obvious reasons; Oxford, constitutional regards of a boy. the sister university, has been long branded That adminiftration, which had been so with high prerogative principles, with mo- long supported by secret influence, which naltic manners, and with such a taste for a had rafhly dismembered the empire and certain scholastic mode of reasoning as is deltroyed its unanimity, which had ruined by no means adapted to the genius of po- our commerce, increased our debt and ex. pular eloquence. His father, who wished haufted our resources, was now evidently to render his own powers of excellence on the decline, and the eloquence and adimmortal by those of the son, preferred dress of our young orator and politician Cambridge for its attachment to the old did not a little contribute to precipitate its whig fyftem of politics, for its liberal at- downfall. All sides of the house were tentions to the faculties of youth, and for equal admirers of his powers. He was a variety of qualities by which it appeared. littened to with admiration and rapture. to him a much superior seminary of learn- The national spirit recovered with the ing than the other. Indeed the reputation name of Pitt. The ministry saw their forof both owes much to the prejudices and tering fituation. The inspiration and afliduities of the natives; as every language impetuofity of a Chatham shook their best and branch of literature and science may defence to the base, though but anbe acquired with equal advantage, both in pounced by a boy. The numerous and this and many other countries. It is by respectable admirers of the father were luch petty preferences as there that the confequently, at least in this instance, Jirerati of one nation are lo generally the willing to bring forward and even to exridicale of another,
aggerate the promling merits of the fon. It was here then that the character of In return for the complaisance of the Mr. Pile began 10 form, and where the people, who immediately hailed him the Jellons he had received from his father faviour of a finking state, he entered took their first effect. What specimens warmly into their cause, and publicly be had given of his elocution or political pledged himself the champion of their address, is not generally known, but the rights. His motion for a commitice of gentlemen of the university were foon the house to consider or consult the mon preuy generally imprefled with an appre- proper means of accomplishing a more bension that he was destined to be at the qual sprekentation of them in parliahead of whatever line of life he ibould mene, did him the greatett credil. The be inclined to prefer. Young and unex- propofitions, as ino hi have been especial perienced as he then #25, Inay of his mod os sriratud, bue it w..5 3:lended with
this good effe&t, that the subje& from that personal character, seemed to be the keycoment attracted and continues to attract None of an arch, not detlined to survive the molt general and solicitous attention. bim. This glorious structure, like every He proposed a fimilar but more fpecific 'mortal one, carried in iis own bowels the mealare last year, which, however, had feeds of dissolution. Sound and fubftantial su better fuccefs. It is moft earnestly to as the foundation was, what could be ex-' be wished, the friends of the people may peded from materials which wanted adhenever grow languid or indifferent in their fion. A contest between the then first cause, and that an object fo near their commissioner of the treasury, and one of hearts, and of so much magnitude and in- his majesty's secretaries of state, proved tereft, may never lose the hold which it. facal to that connection and interest. The now has of the public enquiry, solicitude consequence was a feceflion from the caand concern, until the reasonable and con- bioet. This made room for the subject of fitational desires of the people be sublan- these memoirs; and, undoubtedly, notiated by the sanction of ihe legislature, thing promised fo complete a reincdy to and have their full effect.
the Ichism now effected in his majesty's Mr. Pitt fufficiently evinced his sagacity counsels, as alligning to Mr. Pitt an oftenand attention to his own importance in fible office in adminiftration. He was acthat change of administration, which hap: cordingly promoted in June, 1782, to be pened in consequence of Lord North’s difo chancellor and under treasurer of his mamillon from the service of the public. He jelly'sexchequer, and sworn of his majelly's forelow the revolution, and gave every molt honourable privy council. alifance in his power to gratify the
This departinent is one of the most imdesires of the public, by an event which portant under the crown; its object is the they had so long and earnestly requested in finances of the country, and it involves, vain. To the great leaders of this ardu- on that account, all our cus and fuccelsful opposition, however, fources. It consequently connects, with his carriage became suddenly and itrangely an ampleandextenlive patronage, a business dilant and referved; and in the general peculiarly complicated and immense. arrangement, which immediately succeed. The various emoluments which it accumued, be refused being made a lord of the lates are enormous, and make an adequate admiralty, though tendered to him with recompense for the indefatigable industry, the most flattering marks of respect, and and great responsibility it suppoles. Mere the strongest affurances of future advance- official details, the form or routine of duty, ment.
however, depends but little on the chaise The System of politics adapted and pur. cellor, as it is statedly executed by thote fied by the Rockingham adminiftration, bred and appointed for the purpose. Gffered from that of his father, as well as A chancellor of the exchequer, at the fram that to which he profelled himself the age of twenty-three, was a natural object flronget attachment very immaterially. of public curiosity and speculation. The With the new miniftry, however, he ne- multitude gazed on him as a fupernatural ver alted cordially or from the heart. being, endowed with the power of workWhether he thought his noble relation, ing miracles. Never did any man entér Lord Mahon, neglected, or his own ine- on the service of his country with a larger tits and popularity not fufficiently cherish. flock of popularity; all the predilection ed or encouraged, is uncertain'; but he lo juftly and universally entertained for not only avoided all official connection, the father, was, on this occasion, natubut whatever could be misconstrued into rally transferred to the fon. His very political friendship with that party. It is youth, or inexperience, which seemed the Well known Lord Shelburne claims all the only impediment to his official capacity, merits of bis tuition, and perhaps what operated by a strange caprice of the human the public areributed to pride or caprice, mind in his favour. To those, however, might chiefly originate in an implicit and who envied his appointment, this idol of dustisul lubenillion to the fratagerns and his country, this Marelinan by birth, this intrigues of bis lordship.
redeemer of his father's fame, this inheriThe death of the Marquis of Rocking tor of a Chatham's genius, patriotism and ham foris no inconsiderable epoch in the oratory, appeared no inore than the illpolitical history of this country: The mio farted puppet of a miniftry, without lolie witterial arrangement of that amiable and dity, union, or credit; and all that propatriotic noste man was formed on a broad fufiori of applaute, which attended the and fond bafis.. Bet tire many elevated commencement of his official character, 2nd puit.ccly qualities which adorned tis was-confequently considered only as fo