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LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES,
PASSED AT TAE FIRST SESSION OF THE TWENTY-FIFTH CONGRESS, WHICH WAS BEGUN AND HELD AT THE CITY OF
WASHINGTON, IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, on MONDAY, THE FOURTH DAY OF SEPTEMBER, ONE THOUSAND
TIGHT HUNDRED AND THIRTY- SEVEN,
An act to postpone the fourth instalment of deposite with upon presentment, and shall include the principal of each the States.
note, and the interest which may be due thereon at the Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- time of payment. For this reimbursement at the time and tives of the United States of America in Congress as
times herein specified, the faith of the United States is sembled, That the transfer of the fourth instalment of de- hereby solemnly pledged. posite directed to be made with the States, under the thir Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said Treas. teenth section of the act of June twenty-third, eighteen ury notes shall be prepared under the direction of the Secre. hundred and thirty-six, be, and the same is hereby, post- tary of the Treasury, and shall be signed, on behalf of the poned till the first of January, one thousand, eight hun
United States, by the Treasurer thereof, and countersigned dred and thirty-nine : Provided, That the three first in- | by the Register of the Treasury; and that those officers restalments under the said act shall remain on deposite with spectively shall, as cheeks upon each other, and to secure the States until otherwise directed by Congress.
the public safety, keep separate, full, and accurate accounts JAMES K. POLK,
of the number, date, denomination, and amount of all the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
notes signed, and countersigned by them respectively; which R. M. JOHNSON,
said account shall be carefully preserved and placed on file President of the Senate.
in the Treasury Department; and, also, similar accounts, Approved, October 2, 1837.
kept and preserved in the same manner, of all the said M. VAN BUREN.
notes redeemed, as the same shall be returned and cancelled; and the Treasurer shall further account quarterly
for all such notes delivered to him for signature or issue by An act to regulate the fees of the district attorneys in certain cases.
the Register. The Treasurer and Register of the TreasBe it enacted, fc., That, in all cases of extension of approbation of the Secretary of the Treasury, to employ
ury are hereby authorized, by and with the consent and the
time of payment of bonds given for duties on imports, such additional temporary clerks as the duties enjoined it shall be according to such directions as may be given by upon them by this section may render necessary : Prothe Secretary of the Treasury; and the extension of pay; vided said number shall not exceed four, and with a salment of the old bond, or the taking of a new bond, shall
ary not more than at the rate of twelve hundred dollars to be by the respective collectors, subject to no other charge each per annum. than such as may be legally receivable on the taking of an
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary original bond, upon the entry of merchandise.
of the Treasury is hereby authorized, with the approbation Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That no fee shall of the President of the United States, to cause to be issued accrue to any district attorney on any bond left with him
such portion of the said Treasury notes as the President for collection, or in a suit commenced on any bond for the
may think expedient, in payment of debts due by the Unirenewal of which provision is made by law, unless the ted States to such public creditors or other persons as may party or parties shall neglect to apply for such renewal for choose to receive such notes in payment, as aforesaid, at more than twenty days after the maturity of such bond.
par. And the Secretary of the Treasury is further authoApproved, October 12, 1837.
rized, with the approbation of the President of the United
States, to borrow, from time to time, not under par, such An act authorizing the issue of 'Treasury notes. sums as the President may think expedient, on the credit Be it enacted, &c., That the President of the United of such nutes. States is hereby authorized to cause Treasury notes for such Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said Treassum or sums as the exigencies of the Government may re ury notes shall be transferable by delivery and assignment quire, but not exceeding, in the whole amount of notes is. endorsed thereon, by the person to whose order the same sued, the sum of ten millions of dollars, and of denomina- shall, on the face thereof, have been made payable. tions not less than fifty dollars for any one note, to be pre Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the said Treas. pared, signed, and issued, in the manner hereinafter pro ury notes shall be received in payment of all duties and vided.
taxes laid by the authority of the United States, of all pubSoc. 2. And be it further enucled, That the said Treas- lic lands sold by the said authority, and of all Jebts to the ury notes, authorized to be issued by the first section of this United States, of any character whatsoever, which may be act, shall be reimbursed and redeemed by the United States due and payable at the time when said Treasury notes may at the Treasury thereof, after the expiration of one year be offered in payment. And, on every such payment, from the dates of the said notes respectively; from which credit shall be given for the amount of the principal and said dates for the term of one year, and no longer, they interest which, on the day of such payment, may be due shall bear such interest as shall be expressed upon the face on the note or notes thus given in payment. of the said notes ; which rate of interest, upon each several Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That any person issue of the said notes, shall be fixed by the Secretary of making payment to the United States in such Treasury the 'Treasury, by and with the advice and approbation of notes, into the hands of any collector, receiver of public the President; but shall in no case exceed the rate of in- moneys, or other public officer or agent, shall, on books terest of six per centum per annum. The reimbursement kept according to such forms as shall be prescribed by the herein provided for shall be made at the Treasury of the Secretary of the Treasury, give duplicate certificates of the United States to the holders of the said notes respectively, number and respective amount of principal and interest of
each and every Treasury note thus paid by such person; of the Treasury hc, and he is herehy, authorized to make aind every collector, receiver of public moneys, or other and issue, from time to time, such instructions, rules, and public officer or agent, who shall thus receive any of the regulations to the several collectors, receivers of public mo. said Treasury notes in payment, shall, on payment of the neys, depositaries, and all others who may be authorized to same, receive credit both for principal and interest, compu receive the said Treasury notes on behalf of and as agents ted as aforesaid, which on the day of such lası mentioned in any capacity for the United States, as to the safe-keeppayment shall appear due on the note or notes thus paid | ing, disposition, return, and cancelling of the said notes so in, and he shall be charged for the interest accrued on such paid to and received hy them respectively, and as to their nole or notes from the day on which the same shall have accounts and returns to the Departınent of all such receipts, been received by him in payment as aforesaid, to the day as may seem to him best calculated to promote the public on which the same shall be paid by him as aforesaid. interests and convenience, and secure the United States
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary and the holders of the said notes against frauds and losses: of the Treasury be, and he is hereby, authorized and di- | Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be so conrected to cause to he reiunbursed and paid the principal and strued as to authorize the Secretary of the Treasury to reinterest of the Treasury notes which may be issued by vir- issue any of said notes, but upon the return of said notes, tue of this act, at the several time and times when the or any of them, to the Treasury, the same shall be cancelled. same, according to the provisions of this act, should be Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That it shall be, thus reimbursed and paid. And the said Secretary is fur and hereby is, made the duty of the Secretary of the 'Treasther authorized to make purchases of the said notes, at par, ury to cause a statement to be published montbly, of the for the amount of principal and interest due at the time of amount of all Treasury notes issued or redeemed in purpurchase on such notes. And so much of any unappro suance of the provisions of this act; and that the power to priated money in the Treasury as may be necessary for issue Treasury notes, conferred on the President of the that purpose, is hereby appropriated, for paying the princi-. United States by this act, shall cease and determine on the pal and interest of said notes.
thirty-first day of December, eighteen hundred and thirtySec. 9. And be it further enacted, That a sum not ex- eight. çerding twenty thousand dollars, to be paid out of any un Approved, October 12, 1837. appropriated money in the Treasury, be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, for defraying the expense of prepar An Act to continue in force certain laws to the close of the ing, printing, engraving, signing, and otherwise incident
next session of Congress. to the issuing of the Treasury notes authorized by this aet.
Be it enacted, &c., That all acts and parts of acts, or Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That if any person provisions contained within any act, which, by the terme shall falsely inake, forge, or counterleit, or cause or procure thereof, are made to expire at the termination of the first to be falsely made, forged, or counterfeited, or willingly session of the twenty-fifth Congress, be, and the same are aid or assist in falsely making, forging, or counterfeiting, hereby, declared to continue in force to the end of that any nute, in imitation of, or purporting to be, a Treasury session of Congress wbich shall commence, or shall be in note aforesaid, or shall falsely alter, or cause or procure to session, on the first Monday of December, eighteen hunbe falsely alterod, or willingly aid or assist in falsely alter dred and thirty-seven. ing, any Treasury note issued as aforesaid; or shall pass,
Approved, October 12, 1837. utter, or publish, or attempt to pass, utter, or publish, as true, any false, forged, or counterfeited note, purporting to be a Treasury note as aforesaid, knowing the same to lie
An Act to amend an act entitled "An act to provide for falsely forged or counterfeited, or shall pass, utter, or pub
the payment of horses lost or destroyed in the military
service of the United States," approved January 18, 1637. lish, as true, any falsely altered Treasury note, issued as aforesaid, knowing tho same to be falsely altered, every
Be it enacted, &c., That any person who has turned such person shall be deemed and adjudged guilty of felony,
over to the service of the United States his horse, saddle, and, being thereof convicted by due course of law, shall be bridle, or equipments, by the order of the commanding gensentenced to be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for a pe- eral, or other commanding officer, shall be paid the value riud not less than three years, nor more than ten years,
thereof; that the claims provided for under this act shall be and be fined in a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars. adjusted by the 'Third Auditor, under such rules as shall be
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That if any person prescribed by the Secretary of War, with the ascent of the shall make or engrave, or cause or procure to be made or
President. This act, and the act to which this is an engraved, or shall have in his custody or possession any
amendment, shall extend to mules as well as to horses. metallic plate, engraved after the similitude of any plate Decisions under this act shall be recorded as they are refrom which any notes issued as aforesaid shall have been quired to be recorded by the act aforesaid, and payment shall printed, with intent to use such plate, or to cause or suffer
be made as is required by that ach. This act shall extend to the same to be used in forging or counterfeiting any of the cases where any person mentioned in the act to which this notes issued as aforesaid ; or shall have in his custody or
is an amendment shall have died in the service, and his possession any blank note or notes engraved and printed horse, saddle, bridle, or equipments, shall have been turnafter the siinilitude of any notes issued as aforesaid, with
ed over to an officer, or other person for the benefit of the intent to use such blanks, or cause or sufler the same to be
United States, by order of the proper officer commanding, used in fiorging or counter seiring any of the notes issued as
and not restored to the representative of the deceased, or aforesail; or shall have in his custody or possession any paid for by the United States. paper adapted to the making of notes, and similar to the Approved, October 14, 1837. paper upon which any such notes shall have been issued, with intent to use such paper, or cause or suffer the same
An Act making further appropriations for the year eighteen to be used jo forging or counterfeiting any of the notes
hundred and thirty-seven. issued as aforesaid; every such person, being thereof con Be it enacted, fc., That the following sums be, and the victed by due course of law, shall be sentenced to be im same are hereby, appropriated to be paid out of any unapprisoned, and kept to hard labor for a term not less than propriated money in the Treasury, viz. three, nor more than ten years, and fined in a suin jot ex For pay and mileage of the members of Congress and ceeding five thousand dollars.
delegates, two bundred and forty-eight thousand Live honSec. 12. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary | dred dellurs.
For stationary, fuel, printing, and all other contingent prescribed by the Treasury Department, to the extension expenses of the Senate, thirty thousand dollars.
of revenue bonds since May last: Provided, That nothing For stationary, fuel, printing, and all other contingent herein contained shall be construed to include any existing expenses of the House of Representatives, fifty thousand bonds where the parties to the same have not, since the dollars.
bonds became payable, given additional security, or made For the contingent expensez of the navy, as enumerated part payment, and are, by the proper officers of the Governin the act of the third of March last, in addition to the ment, considered insolvent, or unsafe securities for the payamount appropriated by that act, one hundred and twenty ment of their bonds. thousand dollars.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That a credit of three For the relief and protection of American seamen in for and six months shall be allowed on the duty of all mereign countries, ten thousand dollars.
chandise which shall have been or may be imported on or For defraying the expenses attending the prosecution of before the first day of November next, upon which the du. the claim of the United States to the legacy bequeathed by ties are payable in equal instalments, in cash, and that the the late James Smithson, of Lonilon, five thousand dollars. bonds received for such duties shall be payable, bearing in
For the contingent expenses in the office of the Treas terest at the rate of six per cent. per annum, and shall bo urer, five hundred dollars.
in the form and upon the conditions prescribed by existing For preparing, printing, and binding documents ordered laws and by this act. hy the resolutions of the Senate of the second July, eighteen Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That where the sehundred and thirty-six, twenty-filth of February, eighteen curity in any bond which has been, or may hereafter be hundred and thirty-seven, and the second of March, eigh postponed, is entirely satisfactory, the principal or surelies teen hundred and thirty-seven, to be disbursed under the in the same shall not be disabled from being in the mean direction of the committee to au lit and control the contin time, till the period of postponement provided for by this gent expenses of the Senate, twenty-five thousand dollars. act expires, received as principal or sureties in other bonds
Sec. 2. And be it further enuicted, That if the revenue for duties, notwithstanding the bond first given may not from duties, or from ihe sales of public lands, remaining in have been actually paid, discharged, or extended, before or the hands of tho receiving and collecting officers, be not on the day it fell due : Provided, That such principal and sufficient at any time to pay deb-entures and other charges sureties shall be found, in all other respects, safe and satiswhich are by existing laws made payable out of the accru- factory security for the funds to which they may be proing revenue before it is transferred to the credit of the posed as parties. Treasurer, the Secretary of the 'Treasury is hereby autho Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the operation rized to pay the said debentures, and other charges out of of all prior laws, and parts of laws, so far as inconsistent any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. with this act, be suspended in the particulars in which they
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary may conflict with, or differ from, its provisions, until this of the Treesury be, and he is he reby, authorized to arrange act shall cease by its own limitations. and settle any of the outstand ing transfer drafts given to Approved, October 16, 1837. transfer moneys to the States under the act of twenty-third of June, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, and which have An Act for adjusting the remaining claims upon the lale not been paid by the depositories upon which they were
deposile banks. drawn or otherwise arranged and settled hy the United Be it enacted, fc. That the Secretary of the Treasury States, by receiving such drafts at par in payment of any be, and he is hereby, authorized to continue to withdraw debts due to the United States, without any allowance of the public moneys now remaining in any of the former de. interest for the time the drafts liave been outstanding and posite banks, in a manner as gradual and convenient to the unpaid, or any other allowance for interest or damages of institutions as shall be consistent with the pecuniary wants any description.
of the Gorernment, and the safety of the funds thus to be Approved, October 16, 1837.
drawn; and that no further interest than that required by
the deposite act of the twenty-third of June, one thousand An Act making an adılitional ar propriation for the suppres- cight hundred and thirty-six, under which those deposites
sion of Indian hostilities for i he year one thousand eight were made, shall be demanded of any bank which has met, hundred and thirty-seven.
and shall hereafter meet, the requisitions of the Depart
ment. Be it enacted, &c. That the further suin of one million
This provision shall also extend to such public six hundred thousand dollars shall be, and the same is standing to the credit of the Treasurer of the United Stales,
moneys as may remain in any of the said banks, whether hereby, appropriated out of any inoney in the Treasury
or of any disbursing or other public officer of the Governnot otherwise appropriated, to defray any expenses which have been or may be incurred, in preventing or suppress. ing the hostilities of any India ns; to be expended under lect or refusal by any of the said banks to comply with the
Sec. 2. And be it further enacteil, That in case of negthe direction of the Secretary of War, conformarly to the requisitions of the Secretary of the Treasury, as he shall acts of Congress of the nineteenth of March, eighteen bun- make them, in conformity with the first section of this act, dred and thirty-six, and of the second of July, eighteen suits shall be instituted, where that has not already been hundred and thirty-six, and of the acts therein referred to.
done, to recover the amounts due to the United States, Approved, October 16, 1837.
unless the defaulting bank shall forth with cause to be exe
cuted and delivered to the Secretary of the Treasury a bond, An Act authorizing a further postponement of payment with security to be approved by the Solicitor of the Treasupon duty bonds.
ury, to pay to the United States the whole moneys due Be it enacted, dc. That the Secretary of the Treasury from it in three instalments. The first to be paid on the be, and he hereby is, authorized to grant such further ex first day of July next, the second on the first day of Jan. tension of credit upon all bonols for duties now outstanding uary, eighteen hundred and thirty-nine, and the remaining as shall make the whole extension of credit opon each bond instalment on the first day of July, eighteen hundred and nine months from the time when the original bond became thirty-nine; and the default mentioned in this act on which due and payable; making the extension in each case to de interest is to commence at the rate of six per cent. shall be pend upon the same conditions as to additional security, understood to be the neglect or omission of said banks, or the payment of interest, and other terijs, which have been any of them, to answer the drafts or requisitions of the
Secretary of the Treasury, made on them according to the constitution of this Government, as well as the nett avails provisions of the first section of this act; and interest there- of any such publication which may have been ordered by on at the rate of six per centum per annum, from the time her: Provided, however, that she shall not be allowed to of default, together with any damages which may have ac. withdraw from the possession of the Government either crued to the United States from protests of drafts drawn up of the copies of said debates which accompanied her conon it, or from any other consequences of its failure to fulfil veyance. its obligations to the public Treasury.
Approved, October 14, 1837. Approved, October 16, 1837.
A Resolution directing the postage on letters sent by the An Act for the relief of D. P. Madison.
Express Mail to be paid in advance. Be it enacted, &c., That the President of the United Resolved, fc., That the Postmaster General be, and he States be, and he is hereby, authorized and requested to is hereby, directed to cause the postage on all letters sent cause to be executed a grant and reconveyance to Mrs. D. by the Express Mail of the United States to be paid in adP. Madison, her excutors, administrators, and assigns, of vance at the time of depositing them for transportation by the right to publish in foreign countries, for her own benefit, said mail. the manuscript debates of the convention which formed the Approved, October 12, 1897.