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In the opinion of the Federal Council the question is not the modification of the customs system of the zones as set up by the Treaties mentioned above, but only the .#. in a manner more appropriate to the economic conditions of the present day of the terms of the exchange of goods between the regions in question. The Federal Council has been led to make the preceding observations by the perusal of the draft Convention concerning the future constitution of the zones which was annexed to the note of April 26 from the French Government. While making the above reservations the Federal Council declares its readiness to examine in the most friendly spirit any proposals which the French Government may deem it convenient to make on the subiect.

(b) It is conceded that the stipulations of the Treaties of 1815 and other supplementary acts relative to the free zones will remain inforce until a new arrangement is come to between France and Switzerland to regulate matters in this territory.

II

The French Government have addressed to the Swiss Government, on May 18, 1919, the following note in reply to the communication set out in the preceding paragraph: In a note dated May 5 the Świe Legation in Paris was good enough to inform the Government of the French Republic that the Federal Government adhered to the proposed Article to be inserted in the Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Governments and Germany. The French Government have taken note with much pleasure of the agreement thus reached, and, at their request, the proposed Article, which had been accepted by the Allied and Associated Governments, has been inserted under No. 435 in the Peace conditions presented to the German Plenipotentiaries. The Swiss Government, in their note of May 5 on this subject, have expressed various views and reservations. Concerning the observations relating to the free zones of HauteSavoie and the Gex district, the French Government have the honour to observe that the provisions of the last paragraph of Article 435 are so clear that their o cannot be misapprehended, especiall where it implies that no other Power but France and Switzerland o in future be interested in that question. The French Government, on their part, are anxious to protect the interests of the French territories concerned, and, with that object, having their special situation in view, they bear in mind the desirability of assuring them a suitable customs régime and determining, in a manner better suited to present conditions, the methods of exchanges between these territories and the adjacent Swiss territories, while taking into account the reciprocal interests of both regions. It is understood that this must in no way prejudice the right of France to adjust her customs line in this region in conformity with her political frontier, as is done on the other portions of her territorial boundaries, and as was done by Switzerland long ago on her own boundaries in this region. The French Government are pleased to note on this subject in what a friendly disposition the Swiss Government take this opportunity of declaring their willingness to consider any French proposal i. with the system to be substituted for the present régime of the said free zones, which the French Government intend to formulate in the same friendly spirit. Moreover, the French Government have no doubt that the provisional maintenance of the régime of 1815 as to the free zones referred to in the above mentioned paragraph of the note from the Swiss Legation of May 5, whose object is to P. for the passage from the present régime to the conventional régime, will cause no delay whatsoever in the establishment of the new situation which has been found necessary by the two Governments. This remark applies also to the ratification by the Federal Chambers, dealt with in paragraph 1 (a), of the Swiss note of May 5, under the heading “Neutralized zone of Haute-Savoie”.

ARTICLE 436.

The High Contracting Parties declare and place on record that they have taken note of the Treaty signed by the Government of the French Republic on July 17, 1918, with His Serene Highness the Prince of Monaco defining the relations between France and the Principality. ARTICLE 437.

The High Contracting Parties agree that, in the absence of a subsequent agreement to the contrary, the Chairman of any Commission established by the present Treaty shall in the event of an equality of votes be entitled to a second vote.

ARTICLE 438.

The Allied and Associated Powers agree that where Christian resigious missions were being maintained by German societies or persons In territory belonging to them, or of which the government is entrusted to them in accordance with the present Treaty, the property which these missions or missionary societies possessed, including that of trading societies, whose profits were devoted to the support of missions, shall continue to be devoted to missionary purposes. In order to ensure the due execution of this undertaking the Allied and Associated Governments will hand over such property to boards of trustees appointed by or approved by the Governments and composed of persons holding the faith of the Mission whose property is involved.

The Allied and Associated; Governments, while continuing to maintain full control as to the individuals by whom the Missions are conducted, will safeguard the interests of such Missions.

Germany, taking note of the above undertaking, agrees to accept all arrangements made or to be made by the Allied or Associated Government concerned for carrying on the work of the said missions or trading societies and waives all claims on their behalf.

ARTICLE 439.

Without prejudice to the provisions of the present Treaty, Germany undertakes not to put forward .# or indirectly against any Allied or Associated Power, signatory of the present Treaty, including those which without having declared war, have broken off diplomatic relations with the German Empire, any pecuniary claim based on events which occurred at any time before the coming into force of the F. Treaty. The present stipulation will bar completely and finally all claims of

this nature, which will be thenceforward extinguished, whoever may be the parties in interest.

ARTICLE 440.

Germany accepts and recognises as valid and binding all decrees and orders concerning German shops and goods and all orders .# to the payment of costs made by any Prize Court of any of the Allie or Associated Powers, and undertakes not to F. forward any claim arising out of such decrees or orders on behalf of any German national. . The Allied and Associated Powers reserve the right to examine in such manner as they o determine all decisions and orders of German Prize Courts, whether affecting the property rights of nationals of those Powers or of neutral Powers. Germany ees to furnish copies of all the documents &onstituting the record of the cases, including the decisions and orders made, and to accept and give effect to the recommendations made after such examination of the cases. THE PRESENT TREATY, of which the French and English texts are both authentic, shall be ratified. no deposit of ratifications shall be made at Paris as soon as pos81DIe. Powers of which the seat of the Government is outside Europe will be entitled merely to inform the Government of the French Republic through their diplomatic representative at Paris that their ratification has been given; in that case they must transmit the instrument of ratification as soon as possible. A first procès-verbal of the deposit of ratifications will be drawn up as soon as the Treaty has been ratified by Germany on the one hand, and by three of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers on the other hand. From the date of this first procès-verbal the Treaty will come into force between the High Contracting Parties who have ratified it. For the determination of all periods of time provided for in the present Treaty this date will be the date of the coming into force of the Treaty. In i other respects the Treaty will enter into force for each Power at the date of the deposit of its ratification. The French Government will transmit to all the signatory Powers a certified copy of the procès-verbaux of the deposit of ratifications. IN FAITH WHEREOF the above-named Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty. one at Versailles, the twenty-eighth day of june, one thousand nine hundred and nineteen, in a single copy which will remain deposited in the archives of the French o, and of which authenticated copies will be transmitted to each of the Signatory Powers.

Ador, Gustave: Page.
Nominates assessor............---------------------------------------- 138
Nominates president of mixed arbitral tribunal.......................... 149

Aerial. (See Air.)
Aerial navigation:

Certificates and licenses.........................---------------------- 156
Commercial air traffic-------------------------------------------------- 156
Convention relative to----------------------------------------------- 151,156
Freedom of passage. .......................-------------------------- 84, 156
Aeronautical Commission. (See Commissions of Control.)
Africa:
Arms traffic----------------------------------------------------------- 15
Berlin act.-------------------------------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - . 64
Brussels act....... 64
German colonies.. 63
Liquor traffic------------------------------------------------ - - - - - - - - - - 64
Mandates for:--------------------------------------------------------- 14
Agricultural Institute. ............................... --------------- ------ 122
Agricultural material. (See Reparation.)
Air. . (See Aerial navigation.)
Air clauses.------------------------------------------------------------ 83, 84,87
Aircraft. ----------------------------------------------------------------- 84
Personnel.------------------------------------------------------------ 83
Seaplanes.------------------------------------------------------------ 83
Air forces:
Foreign--------------------------------------------------------------- 76
German forces. ------------------------------------------------------- 83
Algeciras act, 1906-------------------------------------------------------- 67
Aliens:
In law courts.--------------------------------------------------------- 121
Qbligations---------------------------------------------------------- 122
Prohibitions---------------------------------------------------------- 121
Protection------------------------------------------------------------ 121
Taxation-------------------------------------------------------------- 121
Allenstein. (See Prussia, East.)
Allied and associated powers.............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4
Alsace-Lorraine:
Archives------------------------------------------------------------- 35
Bridges across Rhine-------------------------------------------------- 38
Contracts------------------------------------------------------------- 41
Courts---------------------------------------------------------------- 42
Currency------------------------------------------------------------ 36
Customs duties. (See Importation.)
ebts---------------------------------------------------------------- 40
Electric power 39
Financial clauses of armistice 37
Government property. (See Finance.)
Industries...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 40
Inhabitants' interests......------------------------------------------- 35
Insurance'capital and reserve. . . . . .................................... 41
Nationality-------------------------------------------------- 35, 36,42, 43,44
Pensions.--------------------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • 37
Port of Strasburg-Kehl....... --------------------------------------. 38, 40, 41
Property of Alsace-Lorrainers.-----------------------------------------. 37, 40
Property of German nationals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Property of German States. . . . . . . ------------------------------------ 36, 114
Property: Industrial, literary, and artistic.............................. 41
Alsace-Lorraine—Continued. Page.
Railways------------------------------------------------------------ 39
Reparation------------------------------------------------------------
Restoration-------------------------------------------------------

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War expenditure. ----------------------------------------------------
Aouni, Abdul Hadi. ------------------------------------------------------
Ammon: German auxiliary ship
Answald, German auxiliary ship
Arbitral tribunal, mixed

Arbitration. (See also Arbitral Tribunal, Mixed)
Armaments:

Manufacture.......................................................... 10
Armistice. (See Air clauses, Finance, Military clauses, Naval clauses, Rep-
aration, Restitution.) -

Arms traffic--------------------------..................................... 54
Army:
Foreign--------------------------------------------------------------. 76
France--------------------------------------------------------------- 76
Germany-------------------------------------------------------------- 76
Armaments--------------------------------------------- 72, 73,74, 75,78
Effectives and cadres.................................................. 71, 72
Evacuation of
Allenstein.-------------------------------------------------------- 52
Marienwerder.------------.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Schleswig--------------------------------------------------------- 58
Upper Silesia-----------------------------------------------------. 48
Fortifications.---------------------------. . . . . . . . . . . . . ,- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 76
Great German General Staff.......................................... 71,76,77
Recruiting and training......................................... 73, 75,76
Reduction............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71, 72
Army of Occupation. (See Finances, Poland, Railways, Reparation.)
Augsburg, light cruiser.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Australia...... ----------------------------------------------------------- 17
Austria: -
Independence.-------------------------------------------------------- 44
Territory------------------------------------------------------------- 188

Auxiliary cruisers. (See Navy.)
Baden. (See Navigation.)

Balfour, A. J.------------------------------------------------------------- 4
Banks. & Finance.)
Barnes, G. N.-------------------------------------------------------------- 4
Belgium:

Eupen and Malmedy

League of Nations.--------------------------------

Neutrality----------------------------------------

Political clauses.-------------------------------------------------------

Receives Prussian Moresnet.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 21

Reparation.----------------------------------------------------------- 102
Bell, Dr.----------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
Benés, E.---------------------------------------------------------------- 7
Berlin, German auxiliary ship.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Berlin act, 1885 .................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Bikaner, Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Birds:

Convention.---------------------------------------------------------- 122

Bliss, Gen. T. H...-------------------------------------------------------- 3

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