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BALTIMORE-inspections for the last three months: l in the year, for every 22,000 persons that were living 1,040 hhds. and 15,468 bbls. domestic liquors; 6,207 in them. This would shew a much larger proportion bóls. and 168 half bbls pork; 2,256 bbls. and 78 half of aged people than there are in Great Britain--for, of bbls. beef; 3,319 kegs and 1,145 cannisters lard the whole population of the island, in 1820, there were 113,652 bbls. and 2,976 half barrels wheat flour; 1,287 only 291 persons who were above 100 years old, or bbls. rye do.; 2,141 do. and 20 hhds. corn meal, &c. about as one to 50,000.

BALTIMORE-OLD TIMES. It is an incident well EPISCOPAL CLERGY. The following statement will known to those who are familiar with the revolution- show the increase of the episcopal clergy in the seveary history of our country, (says the American), that, ral states named, since the year 1816, when the list at one of its most critical periods, when the congress was first published in “Swords' Ecclesiastical Regiswas sorely pressed for money, and the army in wantter:” of almost every thing necessary to its comfort and

In 1816. In 1825. efficiency-a number of the citizens of Baltimore, Massachusetts

22 (at that time an obscure village), nubly came forward Vermont

9 and advanced to general Lafayette, on his simple obli Rhode Island gation, a sum of money to enable him to procure Connecticut

34 clothing for our suffering army. It was to this fact New York


99 that Lafayette adverted, with so much feeling and gra

New Jersey


18 tification, when he replied to the address of the mayor, Pennsylvania

upon his public entry into this city in October last. Delaware
We here subjoin a list of the names of those citizens, Maryland
and the amount subscribed by each-copied from a Virginia, in 1917,
document in the archives at Washington.

North C:rolina, in 1819,
Jacob Hart

$276 14
South Carolina

James Calhoun

272 52

Richard Curson

234 0.6
Kentucky, in 1817,

James McHenry

Ohio, in 1819,
Nathaniel Smith
John Sterrett


233 Nicholas Rogers

102 89 Charles Carroll

124 76

BOLIVAR. This great and good man is about to conRidgely & Pringle

summate his glory, by following, throughout, the exJohn Smith, jun.

351 10 ample of Washington: indeed, it seems that he will Stephen Stewart

379 18 proceed a little further, and become a private citiWm. Smith

468 13

zen and refuse the presidency of Colombia, though Wm. Neill

411 87

she has not an enemy to fear. It was, however, Alex. Donaldson

117 031 unanimously resolved by the congress to request bis Daniel Bowly

234 06}

continuance in office-It was most probable that he Stewart & Salmon

would remain firm to his purpose of retiring. Hugh Young

458 70

An agent from Hayti had arrived in Colombia, to Wm. Patterson

468 13 propose a treaty of commerce, as well as of definite Samuel & R. Purviance

468 13 alliance, between the two governments. John McLure

468 13 Russel & Hughes

234 061 A Cherokee, unacquainted with English, named Thomas Russell

210 60 George Guess, is said to have invented an alphabet of Russel & Gilman

117 03$ 86 characters, each representing a sound or syllable, Samuel Hughes

702 203 by which the Indians row correspond with their Ar

kansaw brethren.

$7256 24 [of the preceding list, it is believed that only two MADAGASCAR. We see some late accounts conare now living.)

cerning this large island, said to be derived from cer

tain missionaries located therein-It is supposed to PAILADELPHIA. The whole number of deatiis in contain four millions of persons, the greater part nethe city of Philadelphia, during the year 1924, was groes, in a state of partial civilization, practising 4,399--of which 2,366 were adults, and 2,033 chil- agriculture and carrying on several of the useful arts. dren. Among these 576 died of consumption; 379 of On the coast are many Arabs, Jews and Malays. convulsions; 164 of cholic; 264 of debility; 221 of About two thirds of the island is under the dominion dropsy; 664 of various fevers; 22 of drunkenness; 102 of king Radama, who has abolished infanticide and of meazles; 324 of the natural small poz! 115 were many other barbarous customs, and enacted laws stillborn; and 77 of diseases unknown. Of the whole for the encouragement of education. He has taken number of deaths 2,320 were males, 1,303 being under the missionaries under his especial protection, and, if the age of 20 years, and 1,017 above that age. The they are more anxious to do good than spread secwhole number of deaths of females was 1,995, of tarian principles among the people, may, indeed, be a which 919 were under the age of 20 years, and 1,076 blessing to Madagascar. over that age. The deaths among the people of color were 703. It also appears that, during the year Flax. The Albany Argus announces the inven1824, there were 5,833 births, of which 3,062 were tion of a perfect method of dressing flax in the straw, males and 2,771 females-making a difference be without either dew-rotting or water-steeping, or extreen the births and deaths of 1,434.

posing it to any chemical action. This important dis

covery, says the Argus, has been made by Mr. RouCENTUNARJANs, During the year 1824, there died mage, a respectable French gentleman, who is now at in New York 3, in Pbiladelphiaz, in Baltimore 3, and Albany, for the purpose of making it generally known; in Charleston 6 persons, above the age of 100 years. to encourage farmers in the cultivation of fax, and Two of the six last were above 110. Now, if we sup- to consult with others as to his choice of an establishpose the population of those cities to be about 320,000, ment in this state. We understand that he requires they will, together, give one centunarian, who died flax to be drawn from the ground, just when the seed

468 13

is beginning to change color, to be dried a little in the papers in this city, (Washington), on the 12th the sheaf, and delivered to him, when thrashed, in Feb. The general's note, declining the invitation of the straw or hay state, without any rotting. We Mr. Swartwout and others, to a dinner, was published learn, also, that he offers twenty dollars a ton for it on the 14th in the National Journal. The probability in this state, which persons, conversant with the sub- therefore is, that he, ( Mr. Swartwout), did not leave ject, say is a very remunerating price.

the city until he had a full opportunity to receive, in

a personal interview with the general, any verbal From Africa. It is gratifying, (says the National observations upon it, which he might have thought Intelligencer), to observe the friendly dispositions en-proper to make. The letter to Mr. Swartwout bears tertained towards our African colony, by the go- date the 23d Feb. If received by him, it must have vernment of Sierra Leone. The following letter from reached him on the 25th or 26th. Whether intended Mr. Macauley, the chief justice of that settlement, to or not "as a private communication,” and not "for Mr. Ashmun, the agent of our society, bears testimony the public eye,” as alleged by him, there is much proto the liberal and truly honorable spirit which pre- bability in believing that its publication, on the 4th of vails there:

March, was then made, like Kremer's address, with a Sierra Leone, May 18, 1924.

view to its arrival in this city in time to affect my Dear Sir: I laid the letter you sent me before the nomination to the senate. In point of fact, it reached members of this government, who have authorized me here the day before the senate acted on that nominato say, that colonial craft, belonging, bona fide, to the tion.” inhabitants of your settlement, will be allowed to bring

It may be true, as Mr. Clay states, that his letter to African produce to this colony, and to take away judge Brooke was published in Washington on the inerchandise in payment, without harbor dues or duties. | 12th, and gen. Jackson's note, declining the dinner, They must, however, be careful not to import Ames on the 14th of February; and yet not true, as he inrican produce.

sinuates, that “I did not leave the city until I had a Hoping you are well, I remain, dcar sir, your obe full opportunity to receive, in a personal interview dient servant,


with the general, any verbal observations upon it.

which he might have thought proper to make." I THE NAVY Fire and water "are all as one" to our left Washington on the morning of the 13th of Feseamen. It will be recollected that it was mentioned bruary; but I never had a word of conversation with a few days since that lieut. Sloat, of our navy, had be general Jackson, at any time, upon the subject of that haved with great gallantry, and rendered important letter. I did not see the general to converse with services during the Sre at St. Thomas. The follow him during the day of the 12th February; In the letter will show the estimation in which his services early part of the evening, when intended to hare were held by the governor of that island.

paid my respects to him, he had gone to visit Mrs. Letter from the governor of St. Thomas to lieut. Sloat. Decatur, and when, between nine and ten, I did call GOVERNMENT HOUSE,

to bid him farewell, he had retired. I repeat again, St. Thomas, February 13th. 1823. that I never had any verbal communications with DEAR tin--Feeling a grateful sense of the obliga- him upon the subject, nor any correspondence, extion this community is under to you and your officers, cepting that contained in a letter which I wrote to for your zealous and successful exertions in arrest- him on the 17th and 15th of February, in which I ing the progress of the flames during the late dread-spoke warmly and pretty freely of the injustice and ful conflagration in this place, I embrace an early want of analogy of Mr. Clay's strictures upon the opportunity to express my sincere and earnest thanks general, in his letter to judge Brooke. The letter of for the same.

the general was read by me on the 25th and 26th, as When the destroying element threatened destruc- conjectured by Mr. Clay, and was immediately, tion, and dismay was pictured in every countenance, thereafter, shown to several persons, who, upon readyour arduous and unremitting labors checked the pro- ing it, declared it a plain and temperate vindication gress of the fire at one of the most important points. of himself, and expressed a strong desire to see it in

Good and brave men, sir, I am aware, seek no other print. I determined, therefore, to have it published, reward for meritorious actions than the conscious but without reference to the particular time of the ness of having done their duty, and alleviated the effect which Mr. Clay supposes was intended. If distresses of their fellow creatures; but this instance gen. Jackson designed it for publication, it was cerof your great activity and presence of mind in saving, tainly unknown to me. He gave no such intimation in a great measure, the eastern part of the town, will to me, in the letter, or otherwise, although he had a ever be held in grateful remembrance by me, and the perfect right to do so. In justice to general Jackcommunity; and should an opportunity offer, where- son, I must add, that, in making the letter public, by i can make any return, it will embraced with much without his authority, I trusted to his indulgence. satisfaction.

Should Mr. Clay's other statements and inferences Permit me to add, that your politeness to us, sub- rest upon no better foundation, feeble must be the sequent to the unfortunate fire, has produced in my effect of his elaborate conclusions. breast the most lively sentiments of gratitude and es I should not consider it at all necessary to vinditeem.

cate gen. Jackson's right to repel a slander--to conI am, dear sir, your most obedient,

verse with me and write to me too, and that for pub(Signed)


lication, upon this or any other subject--but, I feel it To licut. comd't Slow, of the U.S. schr. Grampus.

to be my duty to state the facts in their true light, and as they actually occurred, leaving all inferences, not to the vision of Mr. Clay, but to the justice of our

fellow citizens, to whose decision gen. Jackson and To the editors of the New York American: Gentlemen--In the letter of Mr. Clay, published his friends are ever ready to submit.

SAMUEL SWARTWOUT. in your paper of the 31st ult. I find the following passages: "My letter to judge Brooke was published in P. S. The invitation to the dinner was given to

gen. Jackson on the 10th of February, the day after *Mind that not an article of “American produce.” the election, WHICH HE DECLINED ON THE SAME DAY. Suppose the American agent should apply the same The publication of the notes, in a newspaper, coula pule to British produce, how long would "the friendly not therefore have any thing to do with my stay in dispositions” pow entertained be kept up..--Ed. Reg. I Washington, or departure from it.

S. S


THE VOTE OF LOUISIANA. The following letter, it be convenient, that the civil engineer of the state (says a New Orleans paper), on the sobject of the should co-operate with the board, while examining yote of our representatives in congress on the presi- the localities within the state, both going and returndential question, was received by a gentleman of this ing; and, with the hope that you may concur in this city from Mr. Gurley, dated

view, you will be duly apprised of the place and “ Washinglon, 9th Feb, 1825. probable time at which the board will enter the state, I have only time to inform you that J. Q. Adams so that you may direct your engineer to meet the has been elected president of the United States on the board, should you deem it'advisable. first ballot, by the vote of 13 states, including that of I have the honor to be, sir, with great respect, Louisiana.' i know your attachment to gen'l Jack- your most obedient servant, J. C. CALHOĽN. son, and also know that no person is more competent To his excellency the governor to duly appreciate circumstances and motives than of the state of Georgia, Milledgeville. yourself. Let me give you the following fact--after Lynchburg, (Va.) March 25. Albon McDaniel, esq. ihe western states, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois and (mayor), last night received a letter from the secreMissouri, came out for Adams, it was generally con- tary of war, announcing the receipt of the memorial sidered certain that Jackson could not be elected, as of the citizens of Lynchburg on the subject of the the four Crawford states would adhere to him to the southern road, and concluding in the following words: last, or, if they should ultimately abandon him, that “This subject is of great national importance, and they would be divided, two going over to Jackson and arrangements, in reference to it, have been already two to Adams—that the vote, on the first ballot, would adopted. A board of engineers for internal improvebe 12 for Adams, excluding Louisiana, 7 for Jackson, ment, has been organized, and will shortly set out and 4 for Crawford. I was not only satisfied of this upon their general examination of the country, under fact myself, but the whole delegation from our state, instructions from the department, with a view to the both in the senate and house, unless with the excep- selection of the best route for the contemplated road. tion of one of my colleagues, were of this opinion. To this board the proceedings and memorial of the At this time, and for two or three weeks before, greatcitizens of Lynchburg will be submitted, and due excitement prevailed, both in and out of congress, on consideration will be given to the suggestions prethe subject." I found my colleagues divided in opinion sented in them. on this important question—a divided vote at home, I have the honor to be, very respectfully, sir, your even the electoral vote--no certain information as to obedient servant,

JAMES BARBOUR. the state of public feeling in our state, but believed to Albon McDaniel, esq. Cha'r, &c. be also much divided.

The board of engineers, consisting of general BerDelay in making a choice would but have distract- nard, Mr. Shrirer, and the other officers and gentleed, agitated and convulsed the pation. Even admit- men attached to that service, set out, about a week ting that Jackson was the first choice, which could not since, on a tour of reconnoissance through the southbe inferred by the electoral vote, as Clay had a ma ern states, with the view of ascertaining the most jority by all the members, (had they been present), eligible route for the contemplated national road and it was generally known that his friends were op- from the seat of government to New Orleans. posed to Jackson--yet no chance existed of Jackson's success: under these circumstances, I perceiv CANAL MAKING. While the legislature of Pennsyled my situation extremely painful and perplexing. vania, (says a New York paper), were discussing the To have made an unavailing opposition would, in my question respecting the New York Schuylkili coal opinion, have been doing an injury to the state, and company, and some threat was intimated of taking have been acting unjustly towards those who sent me the land of the company as an escheat or forfeiture here. No less so would it have been to have suffered to the state, a countryman from Orange county, who personal delicacy, arising from circumstances which happened to be in Philadelphia at the time, said to one you can easily imagine, to have influenced me in the of the citizens "I tell you what, sir, your legislature discharge of this high and solemn duty. I determin- had better take care what they are about: the York ed to vote for Mr. Adams under these circumstances. rolks are great hands at digging canals, and tapping Have I done wrong? I put it to you as an impartial rivers for feeders; remember, sir, that this here river and honest man--as a statesman.

Delaware, begins in and runs a good way down If you condemn me, I know you will do me the jus- through our state before it gets into yours. Now, if tice to say, that my error was an honest one, in mis- you make them angry, who knows but what they may taking my own duty for the public good.

take it into their heads to cut a great big canal from 16. Your friend,

H. H. GURLEY. Carpenter's Point, quite across our county, to the

Hudson; which would drain off the Delaware, and SOUTHERN NATIONAL ROAD. By the following let- leave your great city of Philadelphia high and dry, ter from the late secretary of war, to the governor of like our Goshen!'' Georgia, it will be seen that arrangements have been made to ascertain, during the ensuing season, the OHIO CANAL We understand, (says a New York best routis for the proposed national road from Wash- paper), that the whole of the Ohio canal loan, of four ington to New Orleans:

hundred thousand dollars, was yesterday taken by Department of war, Feb. 28, 1825. John Rathbone, jun. and Eleazer Lord, esq. at the SIR: The board of engineers, for internal improve- rate of 971 dollars for 100 dollars of stock, bearing an ments, will leave this between the 1st and 15th of interest of 5 per cent. per annum; stock transferable the next month, for the purpose of commencing the and interest payable in the city of New York. This examination of the several routes between the city shows, in a very particular manner, the opinion enterof Washington and New Orleans, with a view of se- tained of that project among the moneyed capitalists lecting the most eligible location for the great na- of this city. The completion of this great work will tional road proposed to be established between those confer immense advantages on the city and state of two points. The board will first make the examina- New York. A close connection with the energy and tion of the route by the line or the capitals of the enterprise of an interior state, is better to us than a southern states, return by the intermediate route mere increase of territory. It gives us an access to east of the mountains; thence, proceed back through the ingenuity, the industry and the riches of Ohio. the mountains. As it is a subject of great interest, Another result will flow from this circumstance. both to the nation and the particular states through It shows that this city is destined to become the mo, which the road may pass, it is very desirable, should neyed capital of the whole union. If internal improve

ments are projected, or even heavy institutions be-| tage over their grounds, for the purpose both of ornagun, application must be made to New York, as in the ment and utility-in the formation of sma}l lakes and present instance, as well as in the late sale of Louisi- the irrigation of the garden. To the question as to ana bank stock effected here. By every tie, we are the surrounding country, he says it is as level as the connected with the states around us, and all togetherlands on the eastern shore of Maryland, as far as the swell the importance of this great and growing city. eye can reach; no overhanging or neighboring higher

grounds: BONDS OF UNION. Many persons in Philadelpbia, Baltimore, &c. are clothed with goods manufactured TELESCOPE DESTROYED. The celebrated Manheim in the state of Ohio; and now it appears, that the east telescope, the master-piece of the famous Spaiger, 4 may be also supplied with window glass from Indiana! Hungarian optician, was destroyed some time ago Steam boats and carriages, canals and roads, it may in a most singular manner. A servant of the observerily be feared, will "consolidate" our extensive vatory having taken out the glasses to clean thein, country before long-but we hope without alarming put them in again, without observing that a cat bad encroachments of the general government upon the crept into the tube. At night the animal, being rights of the states," as Mr. Randolph has it. alarmod at the strong power of the lunar rays, endea

"A few days since, (says the Providence Patriot), vored to escape: but the effort threw down the inwhilst attending to some business in a mercantile strument, which, falling to the ground from the top house in this town, our eye accidentally glanced on a of the tower, was broken to pieces. (London paper. box of window glass, bearing the manufacturer's name, and the place from whence it came, New Al QUADRUPED AND BIPED RACERS-in England. In bany. A! first we were at a loss to decide where, or 1820, the sum of 3,500 guinea: was offered and rein what state, New Albany was situated; but, upon fused for a horse named Sailor-in 1824, 3,000 for summing up what geographical knowledge we pos- another named Serab, and 1,500 for another called sessed, we at length ascertained that New Albany is Mercutio. And lately, a man named Pedley, run five in the state of Indiana, near the falls of the Ohio, miles in thirty-two minutes, and won 70 sovereigns, about 1100 miles distant from this, and about 300 being allowed 38 minutes. miles westward of the Alleghany mountains. Inquiring of a dealer as to the quality of the glass, we FRENCH FINANCES. The Paris papers contain an were informed that it was excellent, and quite supe account of the proceedings of the chamber of depu rior to any manufactured in the eastern states, and ties at the sitting when the budget was presented. infinitely superior to that manufactured at the cele. The minister of finance, M. de Villele, in the develop brated glass-works in Pittsburgh. Indeed, so highly ment of his system, gave a flattering account of the did our friend esteem this glass, that he was anxious financial state of France. The whole receipts of to order a large supply, and wants only to ascertain 1823, (the year of the Spanish war), amounted to the safest and most expeditious way of bringing it to 1,123,456,392f. (or about 1.45,000,000 sterling), and this section of the country, when he will issue his the expenditure to 1,118,025,162f. or about l.200,000 orders."

less. The whole resources of 1824 amounted to 992,333,953f. (or about 1.39,693,358), and the whole

expenditure to 990,119,582f. The revenue for the curCharlieshope, near New Brunswick, N. J. March 24. rent year is estimated at 928,000,000f. (or a little DEAR sir—The practicability of obtaining water by more than 1.37,000,000 sterling), and the expendi. means of boring is not unknown in Europe, and has ture at 926,500,000f. In extending his views to the been resorted to in this country for salt works; but no year 1926, the minister estimates the national income where, excepting in our immediate district, has water at 924,095,704f. (or 1.37,000,000), and the expendibeen made to low, spontaneously, above the surface. ture at 915,504,499f. leaving an excess of the former It is the greatest improvement in the science of hy- over the latter to the amount of 8,591,2051. (or about draulicks of our or any age, and will result in a new 1.343,328). "I have," said the minister, "laid betheory of the origin of certain springs; I mean those fore you the documents necessary to put you in pos. springs that do not come to the surface from a higher session of the charges and resources of the years source. But I must leave these speculative points, 1924, 1825. 1826. You have seen that the expenses and comply with your wish to have a copy of the cal- of the Spanish war, borne by France, have been paid culation that I made, of the cost to a city of supplying and covered by the issue of four millions of rentes, itself with delicious water by the new principle of the balance of the last loan, and the excess of the boring.

ordinary income over the ordinary expenditure of I have allowed largely for each well, as you will the state." discover, when I tell you that my well, which is 253 There has been much excitement concerning certain feet deep, cost only 500 dollars, including perpendi- depredations committed on the public during the cular, horizontal, and lateral pipes, to the length of Spanish campaign. The amount plundered was enor230 feet, and made of copper, with tin lining. mous; and nearly all the officers of high rank in the

The water in my bored well has risen at least five army, the duke of Angouleme excepted, are supposfeet above the surface of the ground. It is carried to ed to have had a part of the spoil. A person named the kitchen-supplies two trough tables for milk pans Ouvrard, who was appointed by them as general pro-two large cattle troughs, and a hoş trough. The vider, is seemingly to be made the scape goat; but the water never ceases to flow, and is of the same tempe- robbers in chief will remain behind the curtain. The rature, throughout the year. I wish that you would contracts appear to have been accepted at sixty per give as much publicity to the contents of this letter as cent. above the real value, or selling price, of the artiyou can. The Manhattan company are boring in New cles to be furnished! York. They have not yet obtained water; but if they persevere they will succeed.

FINANCES OF Mexico. We mentioned some time On the same subject we insert the following since the memoir of the Mexican minister of finance, article:

read before both houses of congress, on the 4th of Dr. S. McCulloh visited, last summer, the new January last. The document is published in a pamgarden of the horticultural society of London, at|phlet of fisty-two pages, the execution of which does Chiswich. He there saw their overflowing well, ob- no little credit to the Mexican press. As the memoir tained by boring, the stream as thick as his arm, of fine is devoted to the present state of the public treasury, drinking water. It was turned to the greatest advan-| the changes which are necessary to be made in it


and the measures required to produce them, we shall, on the same fooling with that of slave labor! It is not present an abstract of it, to furnish our readers with by orders in council, however judiciously contrived a correct general statement of the financial concerns and well intended, that we expect to see the West of the country.

[.N. Y. Daily Adv. India population raised from the level of brutes to The expenses of the department of justice and ec- that of men. So long as the people of Britain conclesiastical affairs are set down at $77,220; those of sent to pay nearly two millions a-year more for the the department of war, to sustain the army on the sugar of the West Indies than would suffice to purfooting ordered by congress, at 12,000,000; those of chase an equal supply from our own territories in the the marine, in both branches, at nearly 3,000,000; cast, so long will the planter trample the slave under and those of the executive and legislative, 1,000,000. foot. But if you put an end to this odious system, if

The debts which ought to be paid in 1625, amount you cease to pay nearly two millions a year as a premium to $865,804. The whole expenses for this year, as on slavery--for this is what the exclusion of East Inthus stated, form, in round numbers, the sum of 18 dia sugars really amounts to the whole system will millions; and the revenue amounting to only ten mil- fall to pieces. Do justice to the East Indians, by perlions six hundred thousand, would leave a deficit of mitting their produce to come into competition with more than seven millions.

the produce of the West Indians, and the slave sysTo supply this, the memoir proposes the re-estab-tem, with all its long train of guilt and horrors, will lishment of the rents on the manufacture of tobacco, be effectually subverted. The planters will no longer which, in 1808, yielded to Spain about four millions have an interest in oppressing and overworking their and a half; also the duties on gold and silver, in slaves, and will have no motive to induce them to rebullion and coin, and the suppression of some of fuse their concurrence to any practical scheme for the maritime custom-houses. These are considered the abolition of slavery." abundantly adequate to the purpose, and are warmly recommended, although there are said to be an Tobacco. In the following, copied from a late tipathies existing against the old system of the to- London paper, there is reason to expect some in-. bacco rents.

crease of the consumption of one of our great staples In the estimate of the different branches of the re--"Saturday's Gazette contains an order in council venue, the whole amount of the duties on imports which, we are sure, will be hailed with pleasure by and exports, is rated at $2,732,995; the avails of the the mercantile world. Our readers may know, pertobacco manufactory, on its present footing, at a lit-haps, that, for many years, certain articles, (rum, totle more than one million; the rent of the salines at bacco, &c.) paid an excise as well as a customs duty, 68,000, that of the post offices at 312,000, that of the and two sets of officers proceeded to ascertain the lottery at 95,000; the dicimal rents of the five cathe- quantity, and had a joint surveillance over them in drals at 529,000; the dicimal rents of the mitre of the docks and warehouses. At length the extensive Mesico.87,000; the foreign loan at 1,300,000, &c. patronage of one of the superfluous range of clerks, &c. arnounting, as before stated, to above ten million landing-waiters, warehouse keepers, lockers, &c. fire hundred thousand dollars.

was given up; but it was the excise officers that were

retained, and we had the anomaly of articles brought Mexico. The 'decrce of the constituent congress from over the seas, being placed under the sole maof Mexico which is published below, is entitled to an nagement of a body, whose proper sphere was to take attentive perusal in this country, from the importance cognizance only of articles produced or manufactured of the undertaking which is its object, and the nature in England. The primitive distinction between the of the interest which it involves:

jurisdiction of the customs and excise was thus de(TRANSLATION.)

stroyed; but, by the present order in council, it is Decree of the constitient congress of the United Mexican again wisely restored, except as to tea. It directs States, on the 4th November, 1924.

that the duties on coffee, cocoa, tobacco, snuff, pepper, The government shall cause it to be published in spirits, wines, and all other foreign goods, now subthis country, and in others where it may be thought ject to duties, collected by the excise, shall, from the proper, that it is about to undertake a communication 5th of April, be collected by the customs. between the two occans, through the isthmus of Tehuantepee, and that proposals will be received for CHEROKEE BOUNDARY IN ARKANSAS. Mr. Allen the execution of the work. That which shall pro- Martin, who was appointed to run the boundaries of pose to execute the work in the best manner, and at the Cherokee nation, has completed that service. the same time afford every facility and convenience The boundaries of the nation, as now established, to navigation, will be accepted.

are as follows: Beginning on the Arkansas, at the The government shall determine the length of time mouth of Point Remove creek, and running up the during which proposals will be received. In the mean former 150 miles, (100 on a straight line), to a point while, the isthmus of Tehuantepee shall be surveyed, 14 miles above Skin Bayou, or about' 12 miles above and all the information necessary to undertake the Fort Smith; thence, a course, bearing 53 degrees, E. canal of communication shall be collected.

132 4-10 miles, to White river, at a point 6 miles The government shall submit to the congress, for above the Little North Fork; thence, down White its consideration and ultimate decision, the informa- river, 134 miles, (75 on a straight line), to Hardin's tion and the proposals that may have been received. Bluff, ubout 6 miles above the town of Batesville; and

The goveroment shall also cause it to be published, thence, 711 miles on Rector's iine, (which runs pathat other proposals of a like nature will be received. rallel with the western boundary), to the place of The principal objects to be thus effected are: to render) beginning, on the Arkansas. navigable the rivers Alvarado, Panuco, Bravo dell The survey made by captain Shattuck, about a year Norte, the Rio Grande de Santiago, and the Colorado, since, gave the Cherokees 3,285,710 acres of land; and to colonize the country to the west of it. Mr. Martin's survey gives them an additional quantity Verico, November 4, 1824.

of 978,386 acres--making the total quantity, includ

ed within their present boundaries, 4,264,096 acres. BRITISH WEST INDIES. A late number of the The survey made by captain Shattuck, gave tho “Scotsman,” speaking of slavery in the West Indies, Cherokees a front on the Arkansas of only 36 miles says—There is, we are fully satisfied, but one way by the meanders of the river; by Mr. Martin's sureither materially to improve the condition of the vey, their front on the Arkansas, is increased 114 slave, or to put down slavery, and that is, by allow- miles. The former survey gave them a front on ing the produce of free labor to come into the market. White river of 208 miles, and the latter reduces it to

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