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Committee.

ties to the honors of a foreign embassy. We sincerely Law of the United States. hope that your administration will be as gratifying to yourself, as it will be beneficial to your constituents. An act more effectually to provide for the punishment PETER CRARY,

of certain crimes against the United States, and for JAMES HEARD,

other purposes. NAJAH TAYLOR,

Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives NATHANIEL RICHARDS, of the United States of America, in congress assembled, JOHN HAGGERY,

That if any person or persons, within any for dockARTHUR TAPPAN,

yard, navy yard, arsenal, armory or magazine, the EDWARD M. GREENWAY, site whereof is ceded to, and under the jurisdiction of AMOS PALMER,

the United States, or on the site of any light-house or RALPH OLMSTEAD,

other needful building belonging to the United States, FREDERICK SHELDON, the site whereof is ceded to them, and under their juISAAC S. HONE,

risdiction as aforesaid, shall, wilfully and maliciously, GOVERNOR CLINTON'S REPLY.

burn any dwelling house, or mansion house, or any Gentlemen: I receive thcsc splendid fabrics with store, barn, stable, or other building, parcel of any the highest gratification. In the design and in the dwelling or mansion house, every person so offendexecution, they reflect honor on the taste, skill and ing, his or her counsellors, aiders and abettors, shall ingenuity of our artists, and in that light they are ac- be deemed guilty of felony, and shall, on conviction ceptable: but they come to me with superior recom- thereof, suffer death. mendations, as the offering of regard from the hands Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That if any per. of gentlemen whose good opinion I greatly value, and son or persons, in any of the places aforesaid, shall, whose friendship I sincerely reciprocate.

wilfully and maliciously, set fire to, or burn, any On this occasion, I cannot but felicitate you, (as the arsenal, armory, magazine, rope walk, ship house, representatives of a most important section of the ware house, block house or barrack, or any store most commercial city in the western world), not only house, barn or stable, not parcel of a dwelling house, on the flourishing condition of our great emporium, or any other building, not mentioned in the first secbut on the still more exalted destinies that await it. tion of this act, or any ship or vessel, built or buildIts unrivalled position near the ocean, and its facili- ing, or begun to be built, or repairing, or any light ties of interior communication with the most exten- house, or beacon, or any timber, cables, rigging, or sive and fertile regions, give it pre-eminent advan- other materials for building, repairing, or fitting out, tages. Making full allowances for the occurrence of ships or vessels, or any pile of wood, boards, or other those great moral and physical evils, which have lumber, or any military, naval, or victualling stores, scourged the human race, we may confidently predict arms, or other munitions of war, every person, so ofthat your progress will be accelerated and that every fending, his or her counsellors, aiders and abettors, accession of population and opulence, will be the shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall, on conparent of new acquisitions. In one year, more viction thereof, be punished by fine, not exceeding houses have been added to New York, than at pre- five thousand dollars, and by imprisonment and consent compose the ancient and prosperous city in which finement to hard labor, not exceeding ten years, acI now address you. At this very moment, the inhabi- cording to the aggravation of the offence. tants of the countries connected with the Ohio, the Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That, if any ofDelaware, the Susquehannah, the Connecticut, the fence shall be committed, in any of the places aforeSt. Lawrence, and the Mississippi rivers, and with said, the punishment of which offence is not specially our vast inland seas, are seeking, with solicitude, na- provided for by any law of the United States, such vigable communications with your city: and without | Offence shall, upon a conviction in any court of the yielding to the dreams of visionary hypothesis, or the United States, having cognizance thereof, be liable to chimeras of delusive anticipation, we may expect, and receive the same punishment as the laws of the before the lapse of many years, the consummation of state, in which such fort, dock yard, nary yard, arthese designs, and a consequent state of unexampled senal, armory or magazine, or other place, ceded as prosperity. And we may certainly cherish these aforesaid, is situated, provide for the like offence, expectations without the just imputation of arrogance when committed within the body of any county of or ostentation. We ought to know our power with a such state. view to its judicious application; and we should form Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That, if any pera just estimate of our faculties and capabilities, in, son or persons, upon the high seas, or in any arm of order to promote, in the most effectual manner, the the sea, or in any river, haven, creck, basin or bay, welfare of our country and the happiness of man- within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of kind.

the United States, and out of the jurisdiction of any The favorable views which my fellow citizens, ge- particular state, shall commit the crime of wilful perally, have taken of my agency in developing the murder, or rape, or shall, wilfully and maliciously, resources and advancing the prosperity of the com- strike, stab, wound, poison, or shoot at, any other monwealth, are the greatest reward, next to the ap- person, of which striking, stabbing, wounding, poiprobation of my own conscience, which I can enjoy soning, or shooting, such person shall afterwards die, io this world. If I have been hitherto an humble upon land, within or without the United States, every instrument in the hands of Providence of dispensing person so offending, his or her counsellors, aiders or some benefits to my fellow citizens, I have every in- abettors, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall, ducement from their kindness, so often, so striking, upon conviction thereof, suffer death. and, I may say, so uniformly manifested, for devot. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That, if any offence ing my best and my future exertions in the same ca- shall be committed on board of any ship or vessel, bereer.

longing to any citizen or citizens of the United States, I pray you, gentlemen, to present my grateful and while lying in a port or place within the jurisdiction respectful acknowledgments to your constituents for of any foreign state or sovereign, by any person bethese flattering testimonials of their esteem: And per- longing to the company of said ship, or any passenger, mit me to express to you, the high sense which I en- or any other person belonging to the company of said tertain of the honor you have conferred on me by ship, or any other passenger, the same offence shall be your personal attendance on this occasion.

cognizable and punishable by the proper circuit court DE WITT CLINTON. of the United States, in the same way and manner, Albany, March, 1925,

and under the same circumstances, as if said offence

had been committed on board of such ship or vessel bring any ship or vessel, boat, or raft, being or sailing on the high seas, and without the jurisdiction of such upon the sea, into danger or distress, or shipwreck, foreign sovereign or state: Provided, always, That if every person so offending, his or her counsellors, such offender shall be tried for such offence, and ac- aiders and abettors, shall be deemed guilty of felony, quitted or convicted thereof, in any competent court and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, of such foreign state or sovereign, he shall not be not exceeding five thousand dollars, and imprisonsubject to another trial in any court of the United ment and confinement to hard labor, not exceeding States.

ten years, according to the aggravation of the offence. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That if any per. Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That if any masson or persons, upon the high seas, or in any arm of ter or commander of any ship or vessel, belonging, in the sea, or in any river, haven, creek, basin or bay, whole or in part, to any citizen or citizens of the within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States, shall, during his being abroad, maliUnited States, and out of the jurisdiction of any par-ciously, and without justifiable cause, force any offiticular state, shall, by surprise, or by open force or cer, or mariner, of such ship or vessel, on shore, or violence, maliciously attack or set vpon, any ship or leave him behind, in any foreign port or place, or revessel belonging, in whole or in part, to the United fuse to bring home again all such of the officers and States, or to any citizen or citizens thereof, or to any mariners of such ship or vessel, whom he carried out other person whatsoever, with an intent unlawfully with him, as are in a condition to return, and willing to plunder the same ship or vessel, or to despoil any to return, when he shall be ready to proceed on his owner or owners thereof of any moneys, goods or homeward voyage, every master or commander, so merchandise, laden on board thereof; or shall, by force offending, shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by or violence, or by putting in fear, unlawfully plunder fine, not exceeding five hundred dollars, or by im. any such ship or ressel, or stcal and carry away prisonment, not exceeding six months, according ta any money, goods or merchandise, lader on board the aggravation of the offence. thereof; every person, so offending, his or her coun Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That if any persellors, aiders or abettors, shall be deemed guilty of son or persons shall wilfully and maliciously set on felony, and shall, on conviction thercof, be punished fire, or burn, or otherwise destroy, or cause to be set by fine, not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by on fire, or burnt, or otherwise destroyed, or aid, proiniprisonment and confinement to hard labor, not ex- cure, abet or assist in setting on fire, or burning or ceeding ten years, according to the aggravation of the otherwise destroying, any ship or vessel of war of the oferce.

United States afloat on the high seas, or in any arm of Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That if any person the sea, or in any river, haven, creek, basin or bay, or persons, upon the high seas, or in any other of the within the admiralty jurisdiction of the United States, places aforesaid, with intent to kill, rob, steal, com- and out of the jurisdiction of any particular state, mit a rape, or to do or perpetrate any other felony, every person, so offending, shall be deemed guilty of shall break or enter any ship or vessel, boat or raft; felony, and shall, on conviction thereof, suffer death: or if any person or persons shall wilfully and malici- Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be corously cut, spoil or destroy, any cordage, cable, buoys, strued to take away or impair the right of any court buoyrope, headfast, or other fast, fixed to any anchor martial to punish any offence, which, by the law of or moorings, belonging to any ship, vessel, boat, or the United States, may be punishable by such court. rast; every person, so offending, his or her counsel Sec. 12. Anul be it further enacted, That if any ofilors, aiders and abettors, shall be deemed guilty of cer of the United States shall be guilty of extortion, lelony, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished under or by color of his office, every person so offendby fine, not exceeding one thousand dollars, and by ing shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, imprisonment and confinement to hard labor, not ex- not exceeding fire hundred dallars, or by imprisonceeding five years, according to the aggravation of the ment, not exceeding one year, according to the aggraoctnce.

vation of the offence, Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That if any persor. Scc. 13. And be it further enacted, That is any peror persons, upon the high seas, or in any other of the son, in any case, matter, hearing, or other proceedplaces aforesaid, shall buy, receive or conceal, or ing, when an oath or afirmation shall be required to aid in concealing, any money, goods, bank notes, or be taken or administered under or by any law or laws other effects or things which may be the subject of of the United States, shall, upon the taking of such oath larceny, which have been feloniously taken or stolen, or affirmation, knowinglyand willingly swear or affirm from any other person, knowing the same to have been falsely, every person, so offending, shall be deemed so taken or stolen, every person so offending shall be guilty of perjury, and shall, on conviction thereof deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be pro- be punished by line, not exceeding two thousand dolsecuted therefor, although the principal offender, lars, and by imprisonment and confinement to hard chargeable or charged with the larceny, shall not slabor, not exceeding five years, according to the ag. have been prosecuted or convicted thereof; and shall, gravation of the offence. And if any person or per on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, not cs- sons shall, knowingly or willingly, procure any such ceeding one thousand dollars, and imprisonment and perjury to be committed, every person so offending confinement to hard labor, not exceeding three years, shall be deemed guilty of surbornation of perjury, and according to the aggravation of the offence.

shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, not Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That if any person exceeding two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment or persons shall plunder, steal or destroy, any mo- and confinement to hard labor, not exceeding five ney, goods, merchandise or other effects, from, or be- years, according to the aggravation of the offence. longing to, any ship or vessel, or boat, or raft, which Sec. 14. And be it further enacted, That if any pershall be in distress, or which shall be wrecked, lost, son, upon his or her arraignment upon any indictstranded, or cast away, upon the sea, or upon any ment before any court of the United States, for any reef, shoal, bank, or rocks of ile sea, or in any other offence, not capital, shall stand mute, or will not place within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction answer or plead to such indictment, the court shall, of the United States; or if any person or persons shall notwithstanding, proceed to the trial of the person wilfully obstruct the escape of any person endeavor. so standing mute, or refusing to answer or plead, as ing to save his or her lite from suci ship or vessel, if he or she had pleaded not guilty, and, upon a verboat, or rast, or the wreck thereof; or, if any person dict being returned by the jury, may proceed to renor persons shall bold out or shew any false light or der judgment accordingly. And the trial of all ofglits, or extinguish any true light, with intention to fences, which shall be committed upon the high seas,

or elsewhere, out of the limits of any state or dis- | defraud the United States, or any body politic or cor trict, shall be in the district where the offender is ap- porate, or any person or persons whatsoever; every prehended, or into which he may be first brought. such person, so offending, shall be deemed guilty of

Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That, in every felony, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished case where any criminal, convicted of any offence by fine, not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by against the United States, shall be sentenced to im- imprisonment and continement to hard labor, not exprisonment and confinement to hard labor, it shall be ceeding ten years, according to the aggravation of the lawful for the court, by which the sentence is passed, offence. to order the same to be executed in any state prison, Sec. 18. And be it further enacted, That, if any percr penitentiary, within the district where such court son or persons shall falsely make, forge or counteris holden, the use of which prison or penitentiary feit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, forged may be allowed or granted by the legislature of such or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in' falsely state for such purposes; and the expenses attendant making, forging or counterfeiting, any paper, writupon the execution of such sentence shall be paid by ing, or instrument, in imitation of, or purporting to the United States.

be, any letter of attorney, or other authority or inSec. 16. And be it further enacted, That if any per- strument, to assign, transfer, sell or convey, any son, who shall be employed as president, cashier, share or sum in the public stock or debt of the United clerk or servant, in the bank of the United States, States, or in the capital stock of the president, direccreated and established by an act entitled “An act to tors and company of the bank of the United States, or incorporate the subscribers to the bank of the United to receive any annuity or annuities, dividend or diviStates," passed on the tenth day of April, in the year dends, due or to become due on any such stock or of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, debt; or to receive any pension, prize money, wages, or in any office of discount and deposite, established or oiher debt or sum of money, due or to become by the directors of said bank, in any state or territory due, from the United States; or shall forge or counof the United States, shall feloniously take, steal and terfeit, or cause or procure to be forged or countercarry away, any money, goods, bond, bill, bank note, feited, or willingly aid or assist in forging or counteror other note, check, draft, treasury note, or other feiting, the name or names of any of the holders or valuable security or effects, belonging to said bank, proprietors of any such public stock or debt, or of or deposited in said bank; or, if any person, so em- any person entitled to any such annuity, dividend, ployed as president, cashier, clerk, or servant, shall pension, prize money, wages, or other debt or sum iraudulently embezzle, secrete, or make away with of money, as aforesaid, in or to any such pretended any money, goods, bond, bill, bank note, draft, trea- letter of attorney, authority, or instrument; or shall sury note, or other valuable security or effects, which knowingly and fraudulently demand, or endeavor to he shall have received, or which shall come to his have or obtain, such share or sum in such public possession or custody by virtue of such employment, stock or debt, or capital stock of the said bank, or to every person so offending shall be deemed guilty of have any part thereof transferred, assigned, sold or selong, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished (conveyed, or such annuity, dividend, pension, prize bg foc, not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by money, wages, or other debt or sum of money, or any imprisonment and confinement to hard labor, not ex- part thereof, to be received or paid, by virtue of any ceeding ten years, according to the aggravation of the such salse, forged or counterfeited letter of attorney. offence.

authority, or instrument; or shall falsely and deceitSec. 17. And be il further enacted, That if any per- fully personate any true or real proprietor or holder son or persons shall falsely make, forge or counter- of such share or sum in such public stock or debt, or feit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, forged capital stock of the said bank, or any person entitled or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely to such annuity, dividend, pension, prize money, making, forging or counterfeiting, ang paper, writ- wages, or other debt or sum of money, as aforesaid, ing, or instrument, in imitation of, or purporting to and thereby transferring, or endeavoring to transfer, be, an indent, certificate of the public stock, or debt, such public stock or debt, or capital stock of the said treasury note, or other public security of the United bank, or receiving, or endeavoring to receive, the States, or any letters patent, issued or granted by the money of such true or lawful holder or proprietor president of the United States, or any bill, check, or thereof, or the money of such person or persons, draft, for money drawn by or on the treasurer of the really and truly entitled to receive such annuity, diviUnited States, or by or on any other public officer or dend, pension, prize money, wages, or other debt, or agent of the United States, duly authorized to make, sum of money, as aforesaid, as if such offender were draw, accept, or pay the same, on behalf and for ac- the true and lawful owner thereof, and entitled therccount of the United States; or if any person or per- to; every person so offending shall be deemed guilty sons shall pass, utter, or publish, or attempt to pass, of felony, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punishnutter, or publish, as true, any such false, forged or ed by fine, not exceeding five thousand dollars, and counterfeited paper, writing, or instrument, knowing by imprisonment and confinement to hard labor, not the same to be false, forged or counterfeited, with exceeding ten years, according to the aggravation of intent to defraud the United States, or any body po- the offence. litic or corporate, or any other person or persons Sec. 19. And be it further enacted, That if any perwhatsoever; or if any person or persons shall falsely son or persons shall falsely make, forge or counteralter any indent, certificate of the public stock or feit, or cause or procure to be falscly made, forged debt, treasury note, or other public security of the or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely United States, or any letters patent, issued or grant- making, forging or counterfeiting, any instrument in ed by the president of the United States, or any imitation of, or purporting to be, an abstract or offibill, "check" or draft, for money drain by, or on cial copy, or certificate of the recording, registry, or the treasurer of the United States, or any other pub- enrolment of any ship or vessel, in the office of any lic officer or agent of the United States, dulg' au- collector of the customs of the United States, or a thorized to make, draw, accept, or pay such bill, license to any ship or vessel for carrying on the check or draft; or if any person or persons shall coasting trade, or fishery or fisheries of the United pass, utter, or publish, or attempt to pass, utler, or States, or a certificate of ownership, pass, passport, publish, as true and unaltered, any such falscly alter- sea letter, or clearance, granted for any ship or vessel, ed indent, certificate, treasury note, or other public under the authority of the United States, or a permit, security, letters patent, or bill, check or draft, know- debenture, or other official document, granted by any ing the same to be falsely altered, with the intent to colector or other officer of the customs, by virtue of

is or their office; or shall falsely alter any abstract, kill, rob, steal, or to commit a mayhem, or rape, or to official copy, or certificate, of any recording, regis- perpetrate any other felony, cominit an assault, on tering, or enrolling of any ship or vessel in the office another, such person shall, on conviction thereof, be of any collector of the customs of the United States, punished by fine, not exceeding three thousand dolor any license to any ship or vessel for carrying on lars, and by imprisonment and confinement to hard the coasting trade or fisheries of the United States, labor, not exceeding three years, according to the agor any certificate of ownership, pass, passport, sea gravation of the offence. Jetter, or clearance, granted for any ship or vessel Sec. 23. And be it further enacted, That if any perunder the authority of the United States, or any per- son or persons shall, on the high seas, or within the mit, debenture, or other official document granted by United States, wilfully and corruptly conspire, comany collector, or other obicer of the customs, by vir- bine and confederate, with any other person or pertue of his or their office; or shall pass, utter, or pub- sons, such other person or persons being either withlish, or attempt to pass, utter or publish, as true, any in or without the United States, to cast away, burn such false, forged or counterfeited instrument, or or otherwise destroy, any ship or vessel, or to proany such falsely altered abstract, official copy, certifi- cure the same to be done, with intent to injure any caie, license, pass, passport, sea letter, clearance, person, or body politic, that hath underwritten, or permit, debenture, or other cfficial document as afore- shall thereafterwards underwrite, any policy of insaid, knowing the same to be false, forged or coun- surance thereon, or on goods on board thereof, or terfeited, or falsely altered, with an intent to defraud with intent to injure any person, or body politic, that the United States, or any other body politic or cor- hath lent or advanced, or thereafter shall lend or adporate, or person, whatscever; every person, so of- vance, any money on such vessel, on bottomry or refending, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall, spondentia, or shall, within the United States, build on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, not ex. or fit out, or aid in building or fitting out, any ship or cecding one thousand dollars, and by imprisonment vessel, with intent that the same shail be cast away, and contincment to hard labor, not exceeding three burnt or destroyed, for the purpose or with the de years.

sign aforesaid, every person, so offending, shall, on Sec. 20. Ind be it further enacted, That if any per- conviction thereof, be deemed guilty of selony, and son or persous shall falsely make, forge or counter- shall be punished by fine, not exceeding ten thoufeit, or cause, c procure to be falsely made, forged sand dollars, and by imprisonment and confinement or couvterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely to hard labor, not exceeding ten years. making, forging or counterfeiting, any coin, in the Sec. 24. And be it further enacied, That, if any of resemblance or similitude of the gold or silver coin, the gold or silver coins which shall be struck or coinwhich has been, or hercafter may be, coined at the ed at the mint of the United States, shall be debased, mint of the United States; or in the resemblance or or made worse, as to the proportion of fine gold or similitude of any foreign gold or silver coin, which, fine silver therein contained, or shall be of less weight by law, now is, or hereafter may be, made current or value than the same ought to be, parsuant to the in the United States; or shall pass, utter, publish or several acts relative thereto, through the default or sell, or attempt to pass, utter, publish or sell, or with the connivance of any of the officers or persons bring into the United States, from any foreign place, who shall be employed at the said mint, for the purwith intent to pass, utter, publish or sell, as true, pose of profit or gain, or otherwise, with a fraudulent any such false, forged or counterfeited coin, know- intent, and if any of the said officers or persons shall ing the same to be falso, forged or counterseited, embezzle any of the metals which shall, at any time, with intent to defraud any body politic or corporate, be committed to their charge for the purpose of being or any other person, or persons, whatsoever; every coined, or any of the coins which shall be struck or person, so offending, shall be deemed guilty of felony, coined at the said mint, every such officer or person, and shall, on conviction thereof, be punished by fine, who shall commit any, or either, of the said offences, not exceeding five thousand dollars, and by imprison- shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall be senment and confinement to hard labor, not exceeding tenced to imprisonment and hard labor for a term ten years, according to the aggravation of the of- not less than one year nor more than ten years, and fence,

shall be fined in a sum not exceeding ten thousand Sec. 21. And be it further enacteil, That if any rer- dollars. son or persons shall falsely make, forge or counter Sec. 25 Inu be it further enacted, That all acts and seit, or cause or procure to be falsely made, forged parts of acts, inconsistent with the provisions of this or counterfeited, or willingly aid or assist in falsely act, shall be, and the same are, hereby, repealed:making, forging or counterfeiting, any coin, in the re- Proriiled, nevertheless, That all such acts, and parts of semblance or similitude of any copper coin, which acts, shall be and remain in full force for the punishhas been, or hereafter may be, coincd at the mint of ment of all offences committed before the passing of the United States; or shall pass, ulter, publish or this act. sell, or attempt to pass, utter, publish or sell, or Sec. 26. And be it further enacted, That nothing in bring into the United States, from any foreign place, this act contained sliall be construed to deprive the with intent to pass, utter, publish or sell, as true, any courts of the individual states of jurisdiction, under such false, forged or counterfeited coin, with intent the laws of the several states, over offences made to defraud any body politic or corporale, or any punishable by this act. other person or persons, whatsoever; every person, so

II. CLAY, oftending, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and shall,

Speaker of the house of representatives. on conviction thereof, be punished by tine, not ex

JOHN GAILLARD, ceeding one thousand dollars, and by imprisonment,

President of the senate, pro tempore. and confinement to hard labor, not exceeding three Washington, March 3, 1825: Approved. years.

JAMES MONROE. Sec. 22. Ind be il further enacteil, That if any per. son or persons, upon the high seas, or in any arm of Te sea, or in any river, haven, creek, basin or bay,

French law on Sacrilege. within the admiralty jurisdiction of the United States, We had really thought that the French people were and out of the jurisdiction of any particular state, on not fitted to bear with a law like the following, board any vessel belonging in whole or in part to the which has passed the chambers. It might have I'nited States, or any citizen or citizens thereof, suited the gloomy ignorance and rank superstition shall, wc a dargerous weapon, or with intent to of Spain. But it goes to show this, that, wherever

There is a state religion-no matter whether papist Art. 11. All persons guilty of noiss or disorder, even or protestant, Jew or Mahonetan, its patural fruit on the outside of a building dedicated to the exercise of the is mummery and proscription, stupidity and death. religion of the state, so as to retard, interrupt or hinder There is no greater fraud committed on any, people the ceremonies, shall be punished by fine, of not less ---no more wicked combination of persons to op- than sixteen and not exceeding three hundred france, press their fellow men, than that sink of iniquity and by imprisonment, not less than six days nor exwhich is called the church of Ireland.” But ceeding three months. wherever religion is supported by the sword, we Art. 12. Whoever shall be found guilty of destroy cannot cspeci any more reason in it than there ing, throwing down, mutilating or degrading, monuwas for the worship of Jeroboam's calves-for ments, statues, or any other objects consecrated to every state religion is built upon the principle on the religion of the state, shall be punished by impriwhich that idolater acted.

sonment, not less than six months and not exceeding Project of a law on sacrilege, presented to the chamber of two years, and by fine, of not less than 200 nor more peers by the keeper of the seals, minister of justice, on the than 2000 francs. The punishment shall be from 4th of January, 1825.

one to five years imprisonment, and from one to five Charles, &c:-We have ordained, and do ordain, thousand francs fine, if this crime be committed in that the following project of a law be presented, in the interior of a building consecrated to the religion our name, to the chamber of peers:

of the state. TITILE I-of sacrilege.

Art. 13. The article 463 of the penal code shall Art. 1. The profanation of the sacred vases, and of not be applicable to crimes committed under the 10th, the consecrated hosts, is considered sacrilege.

11th and 12th articles of the present law. Art. 2. Every species of act, committed voluntarily,

Nor shall it be applicable to crimes committed either through hatred or contempt of religion, upon under the provisions of article 401 of the same code, the sacred vases, or upon the consecrated hosts, is if the said crimes be committed in the interior of a declared to be profanation.

building consecrated to the religion of the state. Art. 3. It is a legal proof of the consecration of the

TITLE IV--general dispositions. hosts when they are placed in the tabernacle or ex

Art. 14. The provisions under titles two and three posed in the ostensory, and when the priest serves of the present law shall be applicable to crimes and communion, or carries the viaticum to the sick. It is misdemeanors committed in houses dedicated to wora legal proof of the consecration ef the pyx, of the ships legally established in France. ustensory, of the paten, and the cup employed in the Art. 15. Thosc provisions not annulled by the preceremonies of religion, at the moment of the crime. sent law shall continue in force. It is also a legal proof of the consecration of the os Given at the castle of the Tuillcrics, thc 2d tensory, and of the pyx shut up in the tabernacle of

January, 1925, and of our reign the first, the church.

CHARLES. Art. 4. The prosanation of the sacred vases is punished with death. The prosanation of the consecrated hosts is punished with the penalty of parri

Republic of Mexico. cide.

(Translated for the Valional Intelligencer.] Titile II-of sacrilegious robbery.

FROM "EL SOL,"OF IST JAN. 1825. Art. 5. Whoever sliall be declared guilty of a rob- Insiallation of the first constilulional congress of Mexico. bery, committed in a building consecrated to the reli The representatives having assembled in their hall, gion of the state, shall be punished with death. the act of the last preparatory committee was read

Art. 6. Whoever shall be declared guilty of having, and approved. in a building dedicated to the religion of the state, The senators then appeared, and, having taken stolen the consecrated vases from the tarernacle, seats between the representatives, the list of the dewith or without breaking open the same, shall be puties appointed to accompany the president of the punished with hard labor for life.

republic on his entrance and taking leave, composcd Art. 7. The following shall be punished with the of six members of each house, appointed by their same penalty: Ist. Every robbery of the sacred vases, respective presidents, agreeably to rule, was read. committed in a building dedicaied to the exercise of The session was suspended whilst the president the religion of the state, without the circumstance entered-who, having taken his seat, addressed the thentioned in the preceding article, but with two of the two houses in the following terms: tise circumstances prorided for in art. 381 of the Gentlemen: It will henceforth be impossible to penal code; 2d. Every robbery committed in the same doubt, as it has been pretended, at some period, wheplaces, by the aid of violence, and with two of the ther social institutions, established for ine freedom four firsi circumstances alluded to in the foregoing of mankind, are the indispensable result of the proarticle.

gress of just and benevolent ideas, or exist only for a Art. 8. Every person guilty of a robbery of the time, by the shameful subversion of principles, and sacred vases, or any other objects desigped for the for the tumultuous advancement of passion. The celebration of the ceremonies of the religion of the parasites of state tyranny, those who make compacts state, provided the robbery has been committed in a and duties emerge from the clouds, deny the legitibuilding dedicated to that religion, though it may not macy and vigor of governments which have sprung be accompanied with any of the circumstances com- from the sovereign people. For, according to these prehended in article 381 of the penal code, shall suf- individuals, free beings have no limit or guaranties; fer the penalty of hard labor for a time.

according to theia, they assault and devour each Art. 9. Every person guilty of robbing, if the rob- other, and in this strice, cruelty and merciless anger bery be committed in the night, or by iwo or more annihilate the hope of any orderly system of legislapersons, in a building dedicated to the religion of the lion. state, shall be punished with solitary confinement. It is not supposed, gentlemen, tlrat, in order to conTITLE 011-of crimes committed in citurches, or against found the enemies of the people, I need lead them to objects consecrated to religion.

the ruins of Carihage, to rouse the remembrance of Art 10. Every person who shall be found guilty of free Rome, or to unfold the pages of that Greece, an outrage against modesty, if the crime be commiited where letters, fine arts, and sublime philosophy, gave in a building consecrated to the religion of the state, birth to institutions which have been admirc in all shall be punished by imprisonment of from three to ages. No! America, our adored country, raising five years, and by tine or from son to 10,000 francs, lits head over antique limes, las resold the most in

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