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plate, then, the blessings you have conferred upon, only method of keeping dry mines 800 or 990 feet humanity by your heroic sacrifices.

deep. In 1822, the amount of gold and silver coincit Soldiers! - Receive the limitless gratitude which I from the mines of Mexico, under these disadvantages, bestow upon you in the name of Peru. I pledge my was 214,128 dollars in gold, and 5,543,254l. 4s. 6o. self that you shall be recompensed as you deserve, in silver. The total amount of money coined in before your return to your beautiful country. But Mexico alone, from the year 1990 to 1923, amount110-you never can be worthily rewarded-your ser- ed to the sum of 60,233,008 dollars in gold, and rices transcend all price.

1,580,260,7761. 6s. 4fd. in silver. Grand total, 153 Soldiers of Peru!-Forever will your country rank years, 1,940,493,7841. 6s. 41d. you among the first saviours of Peru.

Soldiers of Colombia!-You will live in hundreds IMPORTANT PROPOSITION. The following article re. of victorie's until the end of the world.

lative to the formation of a grand confederation

Bolivar. among the American states, is copied from the official Head-quaters in Lima, December 25, 1824.

Gazette of Colombia. On the original, which has been Simon Bolivar, liberator and president of the republic of received at the offce of the Register, we are given to Colombia, entrusted with dictatorial power over that of highest officers of state in that republic, and hence

understand that the remarks are written by one of the Peru, &c. &c.

Considering—1. That the capitulation concluded much importance is attached to them. It appears to between the commander-in-chief of the united libe- us yery probable that the proposed council will be rating army, and general Canterac, commander-in-held, and that great good may grow out of it-and, it chief of the royal army, included the surrender or would also seem us proper, that, when the plan is the fortress of Callao.

matured, the United States should appoint commis. 2. That this treaty was proposed, agreed to, and siopers to attend it, as suggested, if for no other pursigned by the Spanish general, on whom devolved, pose than to shew the interest that we take in the legitimately, the chief command of the points occupi- progress and success of liberal institutions in the new ed by the royal army, the viceroy, don Jose de la world. And the time may come, if the holy alliance Serna, having been taken prisoner.

does not perish of its own corrupt principles, when 3. That the commandant of the fortress of Callao it will be necessary to rally the free nations of this depended upon the authority of the viceroy, as by continent in opposition to the despots of the other, him he was appointed do that command.

with their herds of slaves. 4. That the commandant having obstinately refused

In a New-York paper, of the 6th of January last, we to hear or treat with the persons sent with fags or find the following paragraphs on the important subtrace by the republic, has forfeited all right to be ject of the projected American confederation: treated according to the law of nations.

“We observe in our Mesican journals a project of 5. That, therefore, the commandant of the fortress a treaty of confederation for all the American nations, of Callao is an authority absolutely isolated, arbitra. an extract from which may be acceptable to our rea

ders: ry and independent: Has decreed and does decree as follows

"The objects of the confederation are, to completo 1. The enemies who occupy the fortress of Callao the independence of the new world, by expelling the shall be considered as having separated themselves foreign forces that still occupy certain points; to adfrom the Spanish nation, and all other nations.

just existing differences between some of the Ameri2. They are, with respect to the republic, cut off can states, and to facilitate the emigration of those from the rights of pations.

who are disposed to abandon Europe and settle on

this side the Atlantic. 3. All vessels, their captains, supercargoes or owners, who shall, in any manner, afford assistance to the "The general congress to be composed of thrce defortress of Callao, shall be prohibited from entering puties from each free state, and to be organized in the ports of the republic.

any part of the Floridas that the United States may 4. All persons who, by land, render aid, in any man

designate. An expedition to be forth with fitted out ner, to the said fortress, shall suffer capital punish- against the Island of Cuba with the combined forces ment.

of the confederation. Those forces to consist of six 5. All persons are excepted from article two, who, ships of war from each of the three principal nations, complying with their duty as capitulated Spaniards, in that is to say: the United States, Mexico, and cogood faith fulfil the compact to which they are le- lombia; three from Buenos Ayres, Peru and Chile,

and one from St. Domingo. The number of troops gitimately subject. 6. A copy of this decree shall be sent to the com: sand men, and from the others in proportion.

from each of the principal powers to be three thoumanders of all forces belonging to the neutral powers stationed in the Pacific.

“An amphictionic council to be afterwards formal

in the Havana, which, in case of emergency, shall Let it be printed, published and circulated. Given in the palace of the dictator, on the 2d of name a general to command the forces of the confeJanuary, 1825–4th of the republic.

deration, though the election of one may be left alter. SIMON BOLIVAR.

nately to each of the states that is to say: the Uwin By order of his excellency:

ted States, Mexico, Colombia, &c. &c. &c.” Jose S. Carrion.

At the present moment, when the government o? Colombia, in concert with that of Peru, is makin,

the most strenuous efforts to form a grand assembly MEXICAN MINES. Sir W. Adams has published an of the American states at the isthmus of Panama, w interesting pamphlet on the state of the mines of confess that we have read, with indescribable pleaMexico. Besides a good deal of general information sure, the Mexican project, and we believe that our on the subject, authentic documents are given to readers will participate with us in this pleasure. show the produce of the Mexican mines, and the rea- Our opinions, nevertheless, in relation to the project, son of their ceasing to be worked, even in the unsa

are somewhat different, inasmuch as great enterpritisfactory mode of the Spaniards. The labors of the ses ought always to be commenced in the most practiominers, it appears, were suspended by the Mexi- cable manner, that they may not be crushed in their can revolution, and the water gaining ground, soon outset. A meetivg of American plenipotentiaries in reached such a depth, that their imperfect means of the Floridas cannot fail to suggest, for the present draining were not equal to recovering what had objections, arising from the neutrality of the Unit

led been lost. Mules and leather buckets formed their statee. At Panama, the deliberations might ber

1

1

IMPORT

EXTORT.

ducted with greater freedom, as to the measures The FREKCII RECLGEES. The committee had a meel.
which the belligerents might propose to be adopted ing at Guildhall, London, March the 4th, at which a
in future, to compel Spain to abandon her absurd letter from general Lafayette, dated Washington,
chemes of conqnest. And if our good and illustri- January 8, was read. It was written in French; the
os triends, the l'nited States, are willing to contri translation of which is as follows:
bute, they may do so with propriety, by takie part in "My proscribed fellow citizens, who are formed
those deliberations which are not or a hostile cha- into a committee to assist each other, and who had
racier towards Spain, with whom we are at war, and often received the expression of my best wishes, will
they at peace.

now, I trust, allow mc to profit by the first opportuIn any other mode, it is evident that the objects of nity, in which I can add something to the tributes of the grand assembly will be considerably more com- friendship which have already reached them. My plicated. To simplify them as much as possible, we | personal friend, Mr. Rush, will receive 2000 dollars, should endeavor to divide their labors into two which I have requested the bank of the United States parts. The one may relate to the peculiar and es to transmit to him, to be handed over to those of my clusivc affairs of the respective belligerents; the other fellow citizens who are intrusted with the relief of the may be confined to the common principles which proscribed natives of France, and I fully rely upon overn powers, some of which are in a state of war the judicious disposal of the amount. I beg of them while others maintain their neutrality. Thus the at- all to accept the assurances of my best wishes and of tertion of the congress may be limited, as to the bel- ny friendship:

LAFAYETTE. ligerents, exclusifely to the following:

"This leller is addressed_"A Messieurs du comite 1st. To the formation or renewal, with greater Francois pour les affaires des patriots proscrits hors solennity, of a coinpact of perpetual union, leaguc, de leur pais.” In a subsequent letter it was announcand confederation, between the neiy American states ed, that the vencrable general had transmitted 200 against Spain, or any other power or sovereign that dollars for the relies of the Spanish, and 200 for the Thay alicopt their subjugation, or assist Spain in such lialian refugees. atteinpt. 2d. To address, in the name of their cunstituents,

TRADE TO ST. PETERSBURGH. From the "General a proper manifesto on the justice of their cause and review of importation and exportation at St. Peterstacir system of policy, in regard to the other powers of burgh, 1824, according to the value declared at the Christendom

custom house,” it appears that the total import 3d. To make, or renew, a convention of com- amounted to 120,426,176 rubles, about $24,000,000; pierce and navigation, among all the allies and con- export, 97,066,608 rubles, about $19,000,000. federatcs.

of the houses participaing in the American trade, 4ih. 'To decide, as to the islands of Porto Rico and the following had Cuba, whether the forces of all should be united to free them from the yoke of Spain, and what quota, in Brothers Cramer, German, rbls. 1,901,904 1,327,633 such case, cach ought to contribute towards that ob- J. D. Lewis, American, 6,627,700 5,270,276 ject.

!i'm. Moxon, English,

651,803 2,115,911 5th. To take measures to carry the war, by com- Stieglitz & Co. German, 6,952,205 6,800,075 mon consent, into the scas and upon the coasts of Thomas, Bonar & Co. Eng. 5,241,250 6,703,659 Spain.

John Penny, English,

1,314,975 296,326 6th. To determine wliether these measures shall be Thomas Wright & Co. do. C70,935 1,96 1,259 extended also to the Canary and Philippine islands.

These include, of course, a rery great amount of

imports and exports on foreign as well as American As to the belligerents and neutrals conjointly, ist. To take into consideration the means of ren- impost on sugars, damaged and destroyed by the inun

account. The emperor has remitted so much of the dering effective the declarations of the president of dalion, as to save the owners from loss by that erent, the United States to congress, in relation to the frus- and has further ordered the export remitted on ali tration of any ulterior design of colonization on this the damaged hemp, and as much more undamaged. continent, and resisting any interference in our domestic concerns.

Department of state, 201h Ipril, 1925. 2d. To establish, by common consent, the controrertible principles of the law of nations, and especi- president of the board of trade in England, to Mr.

The following communication from Mr. Huskisson, ally those which relate to the mutual obligations of Rushi, our minister there, is published for the inforbellegerents and neutrals.

mation of the concerned: 31. To agree upon the footing on which our politi

Mr. Huskisson to Mr. Rush. cal and commercial relations ought to be placed with

Great George street, 4th March, 1825. those portions of our hemisphere, which are, in fact, like Ilayti, or may be, separated from the mother with answers to the tivo queries contained in your

Dear Sir: I have the pleasure to send you herecountry, without being recognised by any power, letter of the 15th ult. Directions will be given to our American or European.

custom house officers in the West Indics, and in our As these three last points look to the future, and in- North American colonies, to treat American vessels, volve a common interest, without infringing, either having only passengers and baggage on board, as vesdirectly or indirectly, their neutrality in the present sels in ballast. war, we are persuaded that the United States, and I have the honor to remain, dear sir, your most the other American powers similarly situated, will faithful humble servant,

WYM. HUSKISSON. not reiuse to concur in the plan of a congress at Pa Richard Rush, esq. &c. fr. mama, by means of plenipotentiaries. We are per Querics- Is a steam boat of the United States, arrirfectly aware that the subject is inlinitely important ing at a British colonial pori, sav St. John's, New and complicated, as well on account of its novelty as Brunswick, with passengers and their baggage, liable jis extraordinary magnitude. But we have ventured to tonnage duty? briefiy to give our humble opinion, in the liope that Is a vessei of the United States, so arriving, in balour brother editors, as weli as other enlightened citi- last only, liable to tonnage duty? zens, may enter into the discussion of a subject the Answe -- Tbc duty is imposed on vessels of the most citicult and delicate that has been presented to United States arriving with articles the produce of the public since the commencemcı:t of cer glorious the United States. Vessels in ballast are, therefore, Terolatos.

pot liable to the duty. Vessels having passengers and

their baggage only, are here, (in England), deemed | cessful, he was sure that the canals would find ample to be in ballast. The practice in the West Indies is employment. The increase of commerce at Livernot known bere, neither can any instance be traced pool would scarcely appear credible; but he could of a vessel pot having any cargo-therefore, if such state as a fact, that the annual amount of esports from passenger-vessels are employed, it is probable that Liverpool, (the greater part of the merchandise being they are considered as laden.

brought to that port by canal), amounted, in 1921, to

11,500,0001. and, in 1824, a period of only three years, COMMUNICATION BETWEEN New York AND Boston. the exports amounted to 19,000,0001. This was exThe practicability of uniting the waters of Boston clusive of the different articles of fuel and general harbor with Narraganset bay, is established, by ac- consumption made use of in those two great marts." tual surveys and observations, beyond scarcely a rea It was stated, in the course of this debate, that, acsonable doubt. A canal of less than thirty miles only cording to the report of a committee, rail-ways had is wanted for this purpose, thereby opening a direct the same advantages orer canals that canals had over and comparatively straight line of communication, by | turnpike roads! water, between Boston and New York. Allowing such a communication to be practicable, are the ad NATIVE OIL. Finer and sweeter oil no country vantages likely to result from it, suficient to warrant can supply than what we can, with little trouble and the undertaking? It surely cannot be a matter of expensc, prepare for ourselves. The tall annual sunsmall importance to the commercial interest of those flower will prove this: its seeds, bruised and pressel, cities to diminish, by more than two hundred miles, will yield an oil as sweet and as fine as that we can the distance between them, and not only thus to di import from Florence. From a bushel of this seed minish the distance, but to render unnecessary the a gallon of oil may be drawi), and with this advantage, difficult and dangerous navigation around Cape Cod. that it can be obtained at any time, quite soft, bland A canal from Weymouth to Taunton would bring and fresh. The seed also, and the mass that remains New York and Boston within scarcely more than a after the expression of the oil, are of excellent use day's passage of each other. The benefits to Boston, to feed hogs and poultry But, besides these uscs, by such a communication, would, unquestionably, be the growing plant is of eminent service; it having far greater than to New York. Not only it would been proved that nearly twenty times as much pure increase the intercourse between Boston and the part deplogisticated air is exhaled from one plant in of Massachusetts through which it would pass, but twenty-four hours, in light and clear weather, as a between several important commercial and manu- man respires in a vitiated and impure state in that facturing towns in Rhode Island and Connecticut and space of time. Hence the inhabitants of close, illBoston. So far as the business of this part of the aired and unwholesome places, should be diligent in slate is of consequence to Boston, its effect cannot be its cultivation.

(Boston Med. Intel. doubted. It is certainly true, that, within the last year or two, the current of business, from this neigh PERSONS OF color. Raleigh (.V. C.) April 12-Our borhood, has set strongly towards New York, and superior court did not rise till Saturday afternoon. never more so than at this moment. That it will The cause which excited the most interest during remain so, scems nearly certain under present cir- the term, was the trial of a young man, (called in the cumstances. From this town, although within little indictment a man of color, though he had the appearmore than thirty miles of Boston, the price of land- ance of a white man, and had a while woman for his transportation, by the ton, is more, by three or four wise), charged with committing a violent assault times, than transportation by water from New York. upon a young white female. The trial occupied the The facility of intercourse, by means of steam boals, whole of Friday last; and, if the offence had been satishas, no doubt, had the effect to divert, in a considera- factorily proved, the prisoner's life must have paid ble degree, the business of this whole section of coun- the forteit, agreeably to an act passed in the year 1820. try from Boston to New York.

But the judge, in charging the jury, observed that The above are some of the local advantages which no proof had been adduced to show that the prisoner would probably result from the canal referred to. was a man of color within the fourth degree in deIn a national view, it is not without importance and scent from African or Indian blood; and without such interest. The attention of the general government proof he could not be subjected to the penalties of has already been directed to it as forming a link in a the law in question. The judge lest it with the jury tong chain of canal communication along the Atlantic to decide, whether the evidence had been sufficient coast. With this union of local and national interest, to convince them that the assault had been commit. is not the expediency of the enterprise satisfactorily ted as charged in the indictment. The jury withestablished: If so, by whom should it be commenc- drew for a few minutes, and returned a verdict of ed? The state undoubtedly in which it would be lo- Not guilty. eated have the most direct interest and concern in it. At any rate, some measures might safely be adopted KENTUCKY. Mr. Johu T. Johnson, in a circular to which would hasten, and, perhaps, affect, in some his constituents, alter detailing the important busisort, the determination of the general government iu ness of the session, &c. proceeds to justify his vote regard to it.

[Taunton Report. for president, and to explain his views and motires,

in the following manner: RAIL ROADS. In a debate in the house of commons, "I now offer to your consideration a subject of ca the second reading of the bill authorizing the Li- much delicacy, and concerning which you will exTerpool and Manchester rail-way, Mr. Green opposed pect something in relation to my own conduct. The the bill on the ground that rail roads would diminish presidential canvass was onc of considerable moment, the tonnage of canals nearly one half. Mr. Huskisson, and excited much feeling and decp interest in various president of the board or trade, supported the bill, states of the union. on the ground of the immense increase of business "The west had but tivo candidates; and the ouly between Liverpool and Manchester,

questios with the people of the west seemed to be, “Was the house aware, said he, of the extensive which of the two shouid be preferred. Upon the retraffic by canals? It exceeded one thousand tons a turn of the clectoral votes from the different states, it day: and the framers of the rail-way assert, not only, was ascertained that our favorite candidate did not that it would carry goods cheaper, but with consi- obtain votes enough to bring him before the house of derably more dispatch. Surely, then, it would be representatives, which would have to select from the well worth while to try such a plan, and, cyen it' sic-l remaining candidates, viz: gen. Jackson, Mr. Adan.s

and Mr. Crawford. In this state of things, I had but therein deseribed, to in Quence a representative of the one course to pursue. I was perfectly aware, that the people in the discharge of a solemn and important Treemen of Kentucky, and my district in particular, duty, and afterwards to put him down for simply votwas decidedly in favor of gen. Jackson, in preference ing agreeably to the dictates of his judgment and the 10 Mr. Adams or Mr. Crawford. The strong indica- deliberate instructions of his constituents! tion given at the polls, could but lead to that result. The case is a remarkable one, and well calculated That indication was still further confirmed, by the to excite strong feelings; but Mr. Clay has treated request of both branches of their legislature, uniting the subject with mildness and sorbcarance. both parties at home, in its support. None were found rash enough to doubt this fact, or to contradict Copy of a letter from William L. Brent, esq. member of it. With all these broad daylight obligations star congress from Louisiana, to the editor of the Attakapas ing me in the face, had I feit otherwise inclined, I Gazelle, daled could not have hesitated in responding to your just

WASHINGTON, Feb. 9, 1825. expectations, by voting for gen. Jackson. Tfelt happy “I have only time to say to you that Mr. Adams is, Tinder the circumstances, that my duty to you corres- this moment, elected president of the United States. Popiled with my personal predilections. Our firstThirteen states voted for him upon the first ballotchoico having failed, I did not think the claims of the seven voted for general Jackson and four for Mr. West Jessened, in regard to having a president, whilst Crawford. General Jackson could not have been ihere was a man, every way highly qualified and de-elected under any circumstance. Had the friends of serving, for the station.

Mr. Crawford abandoned him, they would have gone "I could not mistake your attachment for that man, to Mr. Adams, which would have swollen his vote to who, in the darkest period of the late war, with seventeen. Louisiana voted for Mr. Adams-Mr. neaps most limited, but deriving power from his Gurley and myself being for him, and Mr. Livingston own mind, rescued his country from her misfortunes, for general Jackson. We did this from mature reflecand saved one of the first and most important cities tion, and for reasons which satisfied us that the inof the republic from plunder and devastation. terests of Louisiana required it, and which, we have

“When the watch word of 'booty and beauty' was no doubt, will satisfy all the friends of general Jackechoed from the lines of a powerful and invading son. As to myself, my mind was made up, as regards euemy, it was re-echoed by the hero, from the mouths this subject, for some time, and I feel a consolation of his artillery, hurling ruin upon the ranks of the in declaring, that I feel that the vote I have given, savagely disposed invaders. Had these three compe- upon this occasion, has aided in electing so able and sitors been brought alone before the people, which of worthy a statesman to the presidential chair, at the them would most likely have succeeded? The facts same time that it coincided with my ideas of those and circumstances lead my mind to but one result. principles which ought to govern, in selecting, men The additional electoral votes of Kentucky, Ohio and for so distinguished a civil station. Had the choice Missouri, would have decided the contest in favor of been for a military purpose, my views might have gen. Jackson.

And will any rational mind doubt been different. These were not my only reasonsthat he would have obtained those states? Impossi- nad others, which were stronger and conclusive to ble he was decidedly the man of the people. my mind, that the relative situation of Louisiana ir

"He had obtained more votes at the polls than his resistibly pointed to the choice we made." competitors united. He obtained the electoral votes of eleven states, whilst his competitors, united, had only ten.

Mr. Ingham's Address. "Had I felt disposed, I could not resist such a pre To the people of the counties of Bucks, Northampturi

, joonderance of public sentiment, nor have overlooked

Wayne and Pike, Pennsylvania. The right which the people have to the choice. My FELLOW CITIZENS--The momentous duty devolved feelings, my judgment, and every grateful remem- by the constitution on the members of the las: conbrance of your former kindness, would have risen up gress, has justly excited an earnest anxiety in the jn indigoant array against ine, bad I acted otherwise public mind, to become accurately and truly informthan I have done. As it is, I retire with a clear con ed of every incident connected with the discharge of science, and feel happy in the reflection, that I have that duty; this alone would be a sufficient reason for not thwarted your will-I feel that I have acted in the communication I am about to make to you, but I accordance with the fundamental principles of the am also impelled by other considerations to solicit free government under which we live, and the un- your attention at this time. doubted wishes of the majority of the American peo An occurrence which happened between Mr. Kreple."

mer, a member from this state, and Mr. Clay, late LPThe "Lexington Reporter," of the 11th inst. speaker of the house of representatives, and now seon publishing Mr. Clay's address, says.

cretary of state of the United States, has been made We present the whole of Mr. Clay's address in this the occasion of not a little misrepresentation of my day's paper. To bis constituents and the public gene- conduct and motives, as well by certain public prints rally we have no doubt it will be satisfactory. as by the secretary of state himself. The latter has Although, among Mr. Clay's immediate fellow citizens and recently published an elaborate defence of his conpolitical friends, there is no difference of opinion, as to the duct, in reply to a communication addressed by Mr. purity of his conduct or propriety of his course, yet there Kremer to his constituents, on the 26th of February has been so much activity used by his enemies to mis- last. In this paper Mr. Clay has deemed it necessary, represent his conduct in relation to the presidential in aid of his defence, to charge upon certain persons Hlection, that this frank and ingenuous exposition of a “conspiracy,” of which he says “Mr. Kremer was the whole matter appeared to be due both to the pub- the organ."

." The allegations in support of this charge Jic and himself; and we think it cannot fail to remove are, that Mr. Kremer was not the author of the letter the prejudices that may have been excited against to the Columbian Observer. That it was “afterwards him in fair and honorable minds. That his enemies, adopted as his own," and, “to Mr. Crowninshield, late or those who have a sctiled design in opposing him and secretary of the navy, he declared that he was not the vilifying his character, will be satisfied with this ad- author of the letter." That "Mr. Kremer would, no press, perhaps ought not to be expected. But iho doubt, have made a satisfactory atonement for the inJeiteration of their calumnics will only increase the jury done him, (Mr. Clay), if he had been left to the jublic indignation against his accusers, and against impulses of his native honesty." That Mr. Ingham, iluse who resorted to such unhallowed means, as are 1 of renosylvania, got hold of a paper which had been

shewn to Mr. Clay, containing an explanation, which, others: and, to give his movement a more imposing it was stated, Mr. Kremer was willing, in his place, to and comprehensive effect, the Pennsylvania delega make.” That "Mr. Ingham put the paper in his tion was embraced in the menace, purposely made pocket, and advised Mr. Kremer to take no step so strong as to make retraction seem impossible. In without the approbation of his friends.” That, as complete confirmation of this impression, as to the Mr. Clay presumes, "he had taken, or rather there object of Mr. Clay in inditing his card, I found, soon had been forced upon him, the advice of his friends, and after my arrival at the house, on the morning it first no more was heard of the apology."

appeared, that his friends had required of the Penja Mr. Clay, by these allegations, unquestionably in- sylvania delegation, that, unless some one would tends to transfer to others, whom he designates as avow the letter, ALL must disaror it. The propusi conspiralors, (and among whom he endeavors to give tion was, however, rejected by the delegation geneme a conspicuous place), as much as possible of the rally, as it deserved to be, and the project was soon odium he acknowledges to have incurred. If this after abandoned. admitted of doubt, I could refer to his frequent con This was the first disappointment Mir Clay met versations with those who deemed it their interest to with in the expected effect of his famous card, and support him, in which, as I was informed, he directly his indignation was leveled at those whom he surimputed to me the authorship of the letter to the Co- posed most active in frustrating his purpose. I lumbian Observer.

claim no merit, however, on this account. My colBefore I proceed to state the facts upon this sub- leagues required no prompting from me to resist such ject, it may be proper to remark, that I had had but a demand. They could not but see that such a prolittle intimacy with Mr. Kremer before the publica cedure would expose the delegation to derision and tion of Mr. Clay's card-less, I am sure, than with any contempt. One member from the state had written other of my colleagues. Thus circuinstanced, I re- a letter offensive to the speaker, who determines to ceived the paper at my room containing Mr. Clay's make the whole delegation answerable for it, with card. The first thoughts suggested by its terms, was a vindictive threat of personal responsibility, unless that it was a suicidical act of a desponding desperado: the author "dare unveil himself.. By the same rule, further reflection, influenced by a knowledge of Mr. if the Pennsylvania delegation had not been designatClay's character and feelings, suggested that the act, ed, he might have extended the menace to both houses howerer rash in appearance, was deliberately done. of congress. Such discipline might do well for the goSubsequent erents have confirmed this opinion. 1 vernment of convicts, but it could not be tolerated repaired to the house about the usual time of as- when attempted to be exercised over the representssembling, where I met Mr. Kremer, and, upon mak. tives of the people in the congress of the United ing some inquiries, he freely communicated to me States. Pennsylvania had offended Mr. Clay by her the facts and circumstances upon which he relied for united vote for the hero of New-Orleans. ter posithe support of the statements contained in his letter. tion in the union, and steady character, gave her great Believing, from the representations he made, that he power, which Mr. Clay knew, from experiment, was could justify himself, I did not hesitate to give him not easy to be controlled for his purposes; therefore, my opinion whenever he desired it. He was assailed whether he regarded the past or the future, there were by the speaker of the house of representatives, the motives for a man of his feelings and political habits, to infuence of whose patronage none can judge of who desire the prostration of that power. Had he succeeded have not seen and felt it. This assailant was also an in the atteinpt to degrade her whole representation, as aspirant for the presidency of the United States, he wished and expected, it would no doubt have conwhose friends, as they often said in my hearing, “held tributed to this object. I will not insult your virtue the balance of the approaching election in their and intelligence by claiming any favor for myself in hands.” Nr. Clay was, therefore, not only armed resisting the scheme of Mr. Clay, thus to degrade my with present but prospective power. He had evinc- native state. I have only done my duty. Had I done ed in his card the deepest indignation, and had his otherwise, I would deserve your execration. Mr. Kreintemperate vengeance been directed exclusively mer never asked my advice as to avowing himsell. against Mr. Kremer, his character, as an honest man, He had made up his mind before I saw him, and did and relation to me as representative from the same not attempt to conceal, for a moment, that he was the state, imposed an obligation of duty to endeavor to author of the letter, avowing that he had written sevehave justice done him. Such was the common feel ral others, of the same import, on the same day, to pering of nearly the whole delegation, and if I have be- sons, all of whom he could not recollect. come more conspicuous in this inatter than my col As Mr. Clay and his friends had extended the meleagues, I owe it chiefly to the malignity of Mr. Clay; nace to the whole delegation, I should have felt some but there were other consideroiions, uniting with delicacy in urging Mr. Kremer to an avowal. I had, those already mentioned, to determine my conduct indeed, littie opportunity of advising him, for I do not upon this occasion. There was in Mr. Clay's eard a recollect to have seen him during the day prccedtone of menace, which he seemed to have thought he ing the publication of his card. He was absent from could not make strong enough for his purpose with the house, I am confident; for I well remember inout the use of bullying epithets. The menace em- quiries were made respecting him, and it was said braced the whole Pennsylvania delegation, and that he was very expert in shooting with a rifle, and had no doubt but it was purposely written, not only had gone to try a new one which he had purchased to deter them, but others, from pursuing the freedom the day before. On the following morning, Mr. Krein their correspondence, of which Mr. Člay has since mer's card was issued, and a new "crisis appeared complained so heavily. “Letters," says he, “were to have arisen in Mr. Clay's public life!" As soon as issued from the manufactory at Washington, to come he had read it, he took his resolution, and determilback, after performing long journeys, for Washinged to make his appeal to the house. This new moveton consumption.” He was attacked, by means of ment was evidently a change of position; he had, these Wasbington letters, “simultaneously, from Bos- therefore, been foiled in his first and second hope. top to Charleston.” "A crisis appeared to have ari- | The subjeot was suddenly brought before the house, sen in his public lisc," and he wissued his card!” The when it became the duty of every member to consicard was, therefore, intended, as is now acknowledg- der the principles involved in the case, that he might ed, for other letter writers than Mr. Kremer, who so act as to make it a safe precedent for the future. were to be deterred from writing by this new spe- After ordering Mr. Clay's appeal to be placed on the eies of political argument. Mr. Kremer was to be journals, the motion to commit was postponed until the ostensible target, while the fire was intended for i the next day: but it is proper to remark here, that,

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