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regular importers of British goods, whose interest it is it must come, when those that were the most decidedly to keep them for sale. And as to Nannels-a greater opposed to the protective system will be compelled to quantity of them is vow made in the United States rely on it; and then they will find, if I should yet be than we ever imported, when we did not manufacture on the stage, that I shall as zealously support the one piece of them in a year; and they are cheaper planters as ever I supported the farmers; for I hold it and better than those which we have been accustom-right, that whatever the domestic industry is capable ed to consume.

of performing, it should be encouraged to perform. These results, and others that might be mentioned, But it may be remarked, in passing, as being very have produced, and are producing, a mighty revolu- strange-that the sugar planters, who exist by the tion in public opinion. A great national good has protection of the tariff, should act as they do. Do been rendered without individual loss. The people they not fear a re-action? When the public debt is see and feel it, in the increase of business, in a rise reduced and the wants of the government are less, of the value of property, in the accumulation of capi- can they suppose that what has become à necessary tal*_all resting upon the profits of labor. The cot. of life will remain protected, to the amount of oneton growers of the south as well as the ship owners of half its original cost, for their exclusive benefit? Why the east, are beginning to discover, that domestic ma- hasten a reduction of the duty on sugar, by a fruitless nufactures, instead of injuriously affecting their busi- opposition to the wishes of the growers of grain? ness, renders it more valuable. The home market But to return. It is this revolution in opinion that consumes fully one sourth, or more, of all the cotton causes the present very general out-cry of the enethat is made, and so keeps up the price of the commo- mies of domestic industry-and they tell us what dity in Europe; and this, being manufactured, passes Great Britain is about to do for the "freedom of trade.!" into the hands of the merchants, and furnishes a new (See page 155.) We understand all this very well, and valuable staple for the commerce of the United and they who live a few years will see the end of it. States. And the disposition is rapidly growing to as- Britain will not withdraw her restrictions, as to any, certain what may further be done, to give employment matter or thing, in which the labor and capital of at home and produce profit abroad. The proof of this other nations can be brought into action against her assertion is to me most evident--the discussion of the own lador and capital, unless of necessity, or for tariff bill cost me, perhaps, not less than three hun- some ad capiandun purpose. She will readily "throw dred subscribers in the southern states. I had no out a sprat to catch a mackerel,” as the saying is. right to complain of it. It was just as fitting for them And now a few words to the paragraph of my to support the doctrines then generally held by the friends, Messrs. Gales and Seaton, who have not yet planters and merchants, as for me to urge those main- been specially alluded to, though their article is tained by the farmers and mechanics. The parties placed at the head of these remarks. Because there were frec, as I hope they ever will be, to think and are 4,500 looms in Philadelphia, they suppose the act as they pleased. But latterly, I am happy to say, manufacturers of cloths will hardly ask for additionthat some of those who withdrew their subscription, al encouragement." This is a manner of speaking on account of the course pursued in the Register in that I have often complained of, in my different conrespect to the tariff, have renewed them, frankly ex- troversies with these gentlemen. As Mr. Ritchie pressing changes of opinion; and many others will, no once said of them, it is so "eel-like" that one cannot doubt, do the same and likewise! The time will come-get hold of it: But it seems natural. "CLOTHS?"

- cottons, which sell at from 15 to 25 cents per Messrs. Crocker, Otis and Richmond, finishes one yard, or 7-4 woollens, that fetch from 10 to 12 dolhundred and fifty pieces of these fine calicoes per day! lars? It means any thing or nothing—yes, nothing, and one thousand persons are employed in the estab- any thing, except that it is a "slap ai" the monopolishment.

lizing propensitics of manufacturers, who want to *Since I began the writing of this article, the fol- eat up every body and then cat up themselves, like lowing article, from the "Portland Argus,” presented the man who jumped down his own throat! But cottops itself

that have sold at 1l cents per yard are "cloths," and so The spirit of enterprise, in this country, we be- are woollens that sell for as many dollars. They are lieve, was never more active than at the present mo- all "cloths." Yet, what sort of "cloths" are made ment. It may be noticed in the vast sums which are in these looms? They are such cloths as either go appropriated for making roads and canals, and for into the export trade of the United States directly the various purposes of internal improvement: and themselves, or directly supply any vacancies that may particularly in the extensive manufacturing establish- be caused by such export. They are chiefly coarse ments that are almost daily forming in every section cotton cloths, and we have not supposed that "addiof our country. As an instance of the latter, we tional encouragement" for their manufacture was notice the sale of Cutt's Island, in Saco, a neighboring thought of by any body. But I will ask the editors, town. This property, which has long been consider- if this branch of business had not been encouraged, ed, by many, as the most eligible situation, for an ex- whether they apprehend there would now have been tensive manufacturing establishment, of any in the "forts-five hundred looms in Philadelphia?"* I guess Caited States, on account of the many peculiar ad- not. vantages which it enjoys, was sold at public auction, On the 231 March, 1823, the editors of the Nationon the isth inst. and struck off to a company in Bos- al Intelligencer” said that, the manufacturing interest ton, for the sam of 78,000 dollars. The same com- was protected better than any other interestthat it floupany have made extensive purchases in the vicinity, rished at the expense of every other interest. Proof of the amounting to about 120,000 dollars. Another com- fact was repeatedly asked at the time-but, thougli pany, we understand, have made purchases of very they said much "about and about the subject, they valuable mill privileges on the eastern bank of the never touched it. I am glad now that I can help them river, to the amount of 25,000 to 30,000 dollars. It is to maintain the position that they took, though not to said, that one of these companies alone, contemplate the extent they assumed. expending, immediately, in the erection of buildings If by cloths" we mean only the coarse cotton goods, and the purchase of machinery, a million and a half of and by the manufacturing interest the interest in makwollars. Thus the town of Saco appears destined to l'ecome one of the first manufacturing places in New *It is probable that, from first to last, as many peoi'ngland, if not in the United States. Real estate in ple are subsisted by these looms as there are in the that town, in some situations, has alrendly risen three or city of Washington, of all sorts, sizes, sexes and coJure, huendrell per cent.

lors. Is not this something?

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ing such goods, I am willing to agree that they and it States. At one time we have the mania, in the shape are so well protected that they require no protection of mite societies or tread mills—at another, in “Logic at all--if it will please them to have it so! This is hats" or missionary matters—at a third, in hissings "going the whole.” However, I cannot agree that at Kean, the adulterer, or plaudits of Miss F-, the even this interest is protected at the expense of every kept mistress. Now we have it in stock companies. other interest. There are, at least, two exceptions There will be a smasleequal to that caused by the blowto this general rule the commercial and whale-fishing ing up of the banks some time ago. We are grossly interests. It is true, that we are at the cost of mi-abusing the prosperity that we have. nisters and agents to the new republics of the south, to create or preserve the most friendly relations with BALTIMORE. It is proposed to build a magnificent them, that, (among other things), they may buy our hotel in this city, at the corner of Calvert and Fayette cloths;" and, at the expense of, perhaps, 200,000 streets, near the “Baltimore monument," and, in dollars a year--we keep up a squadron in the Pacific part, bounding on Washington Square-in the very to protect our trade there; still, it must be admit- heart of the city, and yet one of the most pleasant ted that the merchants and fishermen are as much pro- locations that could be selected. The lots are 120 feet tected thereby as the cotton-spinners, and it follows front and 150 feet deep-the building to be called the that the last are not "protected at the expense of “City Hotel,” and placed under the charge of Mr. every other interest!" With this demonstration I shall David Barnum, whose established reputation will close my remarks, and simply observe that, if we guarantee the best possible accommodations that can are to believe the various commercial letters which be furnished. we have seen published from South America, it would appear, that the export of American cotton Gen. LAFAYEtte arrived at New Orleans on the goods has yielded more profit to our merchants, dur- 10th ult. and was received with all possible attention ing the last year, than all the rest of the articles and respect. The city was illuminated on the 13th. which they sent to that part of the world.

It is stated that his section of land will be located in

Alabama-not Florida, as has been reported. Flour. It appears that the late speculation in The following toast was given by gen. Lafayette, four was mainly caused by letters from Gibraltar, at the masonic festival in New Orleans: giving accounts of sales at $8 per barrel. The stock “The brethren who worked together on the lines of grain is said to be short in Spain and Barbary, on the 8th of January, and the master-workman who but the people of these countries cannot pay for any directed them." large quantity imported, and it may be had cheaper from the Black sea than from the United States. On TRAVELLING. The new steam boat Trenton has Friday, last week, it was held, in Baltimore, at $6 made the trip from Philadelphia to Burlington, twenty per barrel—5 50 were offered and refused. The miles, in one hour and twenty minutes. The passame price was put upon it at Philadelphia. The de sage, from Natchez to Philadelphia, nearly 2,500 mand is limited and not lively, at about 5 30. miles, has been made in nineteen 'days--though the

The losses on flour shipped to Lima, &c. have been greater part of the journey was against the currents enormous. It was selling there for four dollars and of the Mississippi and Ohio, which, at this season of an half per barrel. It was also a perfect drug at Rio the year, is equal to about 24 miles per hour. The Janeiro, Buenos Ayres, &c.

“Chief Justice Marshal," a now steam boat, running

between the cities of New York and Troy, has made CAST STEEL, of a very superior quality, and at a the passage from the first named place to Albaný, (160 lower price than it has heretore been sold at, is now miles), in 14 hours 30 minutes, though her speed was manufactured in New York. Thus we go op, step checked, to land passengers, at ten different places. by step, up the "ladder of independence;' and it al. As the journey from Boston to New York is made in most daily happens that some new branch of business 26 hours, from New York to Philadelphia in 10 is started, or others extended, for the successful em- hours, and from Philadelphia to Baltimore in iż ployment of the people. What thanks are due to hours, * a person may pass from Boston to Baltimore, Messrs. Clay, Baldwin, Tod, and others, for the perse- without fatigue, in 48 hours. If any one had preverance and power with which they maintained the dicted this during the timc of the witches of New "American system?"

EnglandSPECULATION OR CAPITAL. We have already men RAPID MOVEMENTS. When, on the 16th ultimo, we tioned that ten millions of dollars were subscribed for spoke of the speculations in cotton, coffee, &o. it the stock of the New York water works company, was mentioned that a vessel had arrived at Baltimore, though only two millions were wanted and last week, from Port au Prince, on Saturday, and, after disin the same city, twenty millions were subscribed for charging one cargo and taking another on board, dethe stock of the Morris canal and banking company, parted for the place from whence she came on the the capital of which is limited to one million. And following day. The vessel was the schooner Mork, jately, at Philadelphia, when the stock of the bank of and she reached Cape Henry in eight days from Southwark was to be subscribed for, such was the Baltimore, and six from the capes of the Chesapeake; eagerness to obtain it, that persons appear to have and only nineleen days were occupied in her late pasbeen employed for the express purpose of fighting their sages from and to Hayti! She was the first vessel way to the books, and bloody noses and black eyes that arrived with the news, and all the coffee was were “in order.” Many persons were knocked bought up at Cape Henry and Port au Prince before down, and one, at least, is said actually to have died the arrival of the other vessels, which sailed from in consoquence of the squeezing and scrambling and New-York four days before the Mork left Baltimore. fighting that he met with. And at Providence, R. I. on the 22nd ult. when the books were opened to receive "New ALBANY." In our paper of the 16th ultimo, subscriptions for the stock of the Blackstone canal, there is an article, copied from the “Providence Pa$1,127,900 were immediately written for, or nearly triot,” which notices the arrival of a quantity of winthree times the amount allowed to be taken at that dow glass, at that place, from New Albany, in Indiplace, and more than twice that of the whole quantity required-the stock being only 500,000.

*The distance between New York and Philadelphia Dit is strange that no sort of madness can break has been done" in 9 hours 55 minutes, and from out in England, without affecting us in the United Philadelphia to Baltimore in less than eleven hours.

ana. It appears that this is one of the many unplea-| rapidly populating with busy and industrious men. sart, and osien injurious, mistakes that occur, because Many commercial vessels are sailing or the lakewe have not ingenuity enough to give vew names to a steam boat plies every week between Bufalo and new places! It is New Albany in Pennsylvania, near Detroit, stopping at several towns--three other steam Brownsville, at which this glass was inade; and the boats are building at Buffalo, one at Erie and one at Pittsburgh papers say that, though it is good glass, it Clevelan'l. These will be launched in a few weeks. Sells in thai city for 25 cents per box less than that The great Ohio canal will soon be begun and speedily of the manufaciure of Pittsburgh.

finished; and then, what an interior voyage may be

made from New York to New Orleans! No country

in the world can present any thing like it. Ancions. The navy commissioners are advertisBou that they will receive proposals for a large quan DELAWARE AND CHESAPEAKE CAXAL. The followlity of anchors, to be made out of the “best American ing is an extract of a letter from a person well aciren,” and delivered at the different navy yards. Two quainted with the progress now making in this canal: are to weigh 10,000 lbs. 3, 8,900, 6, 8.600, scveral

"Its whole lengih, from the tide lock at Buck creek 6,700 and 0,400, the rest from 3,500 to 300 pounds.

to that at the Delaware, which will shortly be com

pletely finished, is about 14 miles; 5) of which passes AMERICAN NATURAL HISTORY. A splendid work on

ihrough a high ridge of land termed the "Deep Cut.” is subject is abont to be published at Philadelphia, 7 inches. Near this there is to be a bridge, from

The greatest cutting here from the surface is 76 feet embellished with first-rate engravings, &c. The part which, when this great work shall be completed, relative to quadrupeds will inake three volumes in betavo. It is written by Dr. John D. Goodman--the eye can wander and behold the vast products of 1.me of the principal contributors are Professor Sax, ing its course to a ready market, whilst the astonished

the country bordering on the Susquehannah, windDrs. Dekay, Mitchell and Harlan, and Messrs. G. Or and Charles Bonaparte. It is to be hoped that the spectator shall be ready to acknowledge the power of association of the latter in this great work, will not width of the canal on the bottom is 36 Teet, and at

man when blended with art and enterprise. The oftend the wholy alliance.” The members of the league the surface of the water, which will be ten feet above may be assured, though the movement of a Bonaparte, from one village to another, is a matter of the bottom, 66 foct, being navigable for sloops. grave and serious consideration in Europe, that Mr. There has been, since the commencement of this Joseph Bonaparte and his family are very quiet and work, which was in April, 1824, 12,161,139 cubic orderly people, and much respected by all who have yards of earth excavated.” intercourse with them.

Law. It will be recollected that a citizen of Rich

mond, Va, named Clark, held the ticket which drew "CONCORD FIGHT." The anniversary of the bat. the prize of $100,000 in the National," or Washtle of Concord, which took place on the 19th April, ington City Lottery. Mr. Clark first obtained a ver1775, has been celebrated with much splendor on the vict in his favor, in an action against the corporaspot. Nearly sixty of those who bore arms on that day tion, but another trial was granted, and the matter were present-a venerable band! The corner stone has been referred to the supreme court of the United of a monument, to be erected on the place where the States. It is contended, that the managers, on the first blool was shed in the revolution, was laid in part of the corporation, having sold the scheme to aingie masonic form. Aster which, the people morca Gillespie, (who has absconded), that he, only, can be to the meeting house, where prayers were offered held responsible for the payment, though his name and several original pieces sung. These were fol- does not appear on the ticket, and the public knew lowed by the oration of professor Everett, which is nothing more of him than that he was a contractor. spoken of in the strongest possible terms of approba- If this opinion be correct, every seller of lottery. tion. Then five hundred persons sat down to a din. tickets must become responsible to the holders of ver, provided for the occasion, at which many good them for the payment of prizes, and any set of matoasts were drunk—among them the following- nagers, by selling a scheme, may so manage as to realize “Concord fight: an electric spark, which, for half a lits whole proceeds to themselves, save what it may century, has shaken the world.” The celebration be necessary to give some one to be a purchaser of it. of the day was closed by a ball in the evening. All It would open a door to imposition that could not be this is well--we cannot believe there is any thing closed, and so, perhaps, good might come out of evil, "wickedlin cherishing those feelings, or honoring in the destruction of the whole system. thosc deeds which made our country "free, sovereign and independent!" But such things will not longer be called "wicked." The people of the United States law of this state, every negro is prohibited from car

NARFLAND. By a late repeal of the proviso of a are assured that they have a home and a country rying a gun or liceping a dog. and a national feeling is now growing up, perhaps it may be said, is established, that will forever forbid a repetition of that blind and slavish devotion which

PERU. As the battle of Ayacucho terminated the 100 many had, not very long ago, for foreigners and war in Peru, and gave a rich and populous country to their notions.

liberty, we insert the official account of that brilliant affair. It will shew that the Colombians not only

deserve to be free, but also that they well know how LAKE Erie. At the beginning of the late war, to defend their freedom. 1812, we all knew there was a lake called Erie, for we had seen it laid down on the map, and some few Tue West INDIES. A considerable number of persons had visited it-but its southern shore, for Spanish troops have lately arrived at Cuba and many miles in the interior, was a perfect wilderness, | Porto Rico, from Spain-also a large body of British escept as to a few acres of land adjacent to two or troops at New Providence, from England; and the three little villages, the chief of which was Buffalo- French islands are strongly garrisoned. Besides, a point more distant then from Baltimore than St. I onis now is. It was as a place on the border of the *This will easily be supposed from the fact, that, in civilizeii world! It is now a large town, and will addition to the facilities afforded by the steam boat sco: be a great city, and there are many ilourishing and other vessels, there is a line of stages which runs lowns on the borders of the lake, and its shore is daily between Buffalo and Erie!

there is, apparently, a more powerful naval force in rated by one of our south sea whalers, these islands the West India seas than is usual in time of peace; may, ere long, become of considerable importance, and, from some articles inserted below, it seems pos- in a commercial point of view; indeed, we are credisible that there may be a reason for these things. bly informed, that, within the last three years, the pa

tives of Taheite have enclosed 12,000 acres, and are SWEDEN. A commission, appointed by the king of planting cotton, which is said to possess the finest Sweden. has just presented a report, containing the fibre." result of its researches respecting the increase of In 1915, the quantity of cotton manufactured in the population of the kingdom. Finland excluded, Manchester, England, was 110,000,000 lbs. making since the year 1748. The number of inhabitants, at 99,587,500 lbs. yarn, at 1s. 61.=1,487,5621. In 1923, that date, was 1,736,492; in 1773, it was 1,959,797; 160,000,000 lbs. were manufactured into 145,000,000 in 1795, it was 2,353,298; and in 1823, it was 2,687,457. los. at Is. 61.=10,875,0001. The average annual increase, for the whole period of The first steam engine used in Manchester, was 75 years, was 12,680. In 1923, the number of deaths in the year 1790. Jo the year 1824, there were upwas 66,057, and of births 98,259, making an excess wards of 200 engines. At this moment there are opof 42,192 in a single year. This accelerated increase wards of 30,000 looms worked by engines. At the is attributed to the general comfort produced by the close of the year 1814, there was one in use. progress of agriculture and industry, and to the pro The pacha of Egypt is said to be raising cotton in pagation of vaccination. In 1779, there were 15.000 great quantities: his next crop is expected to produce deaths by the small pox; in 1822, there were but 100,000 bales. eleven in the whole kingdom of Sweden.

THE SUPPLY OF COTTON. 'Two writers, one in the Com. Porter. The Washington papers tell us that Augusta Chronicle, and the other in the Savannah the court of inquiry for the investigation of the con- Georgian, have offered calculations of the consumpduct of commodorc Porter, on the Faxardo affair, &c. tion and supply of cotton during the year 1825.-convened at the navy yard in that city on Monday The first makes the whole consumption amount to last, present commodore Chauncey, captain Crane 1,183,644 bales, and the supply, including the stock and captain Read.

on hand, 1,285,751-leaving an excess of only 102,107 It is understood that commodore Porter took ex- bales, on the 1st Jan. 1626. The second supposes ception to the composition of the court, on the ground that the Brilish consumption will bc 633,000 bales, that a majority of the members were officers junior and the export 50,000—-together 683,000; and that to himself. This exception, being referred to the the supply will be 1,016,000 bales, leaving an excess secretary of the navy, he addressed a note to the of 333,000 at the end of the year. The rest of Eucourt stating, that the opinion of the department, as rope, he seems to admit, will consume and be supplito the legality of the manner in which the court was ed as heretofore. The last appears to be the most composed, had been expressed in the very act which probable calculation of the two, and surely will be created and convened the court, and that nothing was the safest to act upon. discovered in the argument of commodore Porter to change the opinion.

HIGH PRICE OF COTTON. The Columbia S. C. TcleThe court has commenced the examination of wit- scope, of the 22d ult. has the following very sensible nesses, (of cers of the navy, of course), many of article on the present high price of cotton We sinwhom are attending this investigation. Among them cerely hope that what is suggested may be attended are captain Cassin, captain Dallas and captain l'inch. to; and some, no doubt, will profit by these hints.

The most important event that has occurred to the ANECDOTE. When the British fleet arrived off New southern states, in the last five years, is the late exOrleans, in December, 1814, previous to Packen- traordinary rise in cotton, which is now risen, in six ham's landing his army, the admiral of the fleet sent weeks, from 15 to 23 cents-120 per cent.* To our his compliments to general Jackson, and informed farmers this occurrence is of the utmost importance; that he, (the admiral), would do himself the honor of but it will prove a blessing as it is prudent'y used. eating his Christmas dinner in New Orleans. "May We trace the causes which have made the change be so," replied old Hickory, “but I shall do myself in cotton from the following sources: the honor of sitting at the head of the table.”

1st. The short crop last year.

2d. Increase of manufactories in Europe and AmeCotton. The Georgia Journal says, “the cotton rica, from the increase of consumption from every market opened last fall at 7 and 8 cents-and yester- part of the world, but more particularly from the free day, (the isth April), twenty-seven cents were of- institutions which have recently come into existence fered and refused!”

in Spanish America. It is worth while to stop and reflect a moment, whe These are sufficient to justify an increase of price: ther the evils that followed the late depressed state but not to the extent to which it has reached. As far of the cotton market were more extensive than those as we can judgc, the market in Europe would, this which may possibly result from the present high season, justify our market being at 25 cents, and we price of the article. The first taught economy, and believe that, whatever it has reached, above that brought about a reduced cultivation of the commodity price, is attributable to the spirit of wild speculation, -the other will lead to prodigality, and cause the too common amongst our merchants. raising of an extra quantity, which may, and probably There will inevitably be a re-action, and, thouch will, again reduce the price. But, perhaps, we shall we may count on belter prices than we have had, for profit by experience.

a few years to come, yet the very cause which has A Paris paper says that the late advance in the prices now, more than any thing else, contributed to the preof cotton, coffee, &c. is caused by an association of sent high value of our cottons, will as inevitably occapitalists in England, who have set aside the enor- casion its final downfall-we allude to the free instimous amount of 100 millions sterling, for the purposes tutions of Spanish Adierica, occupying a country of speculation.

which, for climate and for soil, doubtless, is superior In the Quarterly Review, for December, 1824, in a to our own; and, as far as tho culture of cotton is in note to Cruise's visit to New Zealand, is the following, question, much more extensive; they have only santon Ota heite:

“From the improved condition of the Taheitars, as *Since writing the above, there has been a declino represented by capt. Duperray, and which is corrobo- lor a few cents in the market.- Te!



ed our political institutions, to out-rival us in this his antagonist, general Jackson, (who really seems to great staple of the south. These, under the guidance have been more popular of the two, judging by the of Divine Providence, they are acquiring. Their im- number of votes which each received in the different mediate wants they are supplying from the manufac-stales), we shall only say, that his election would tories of our raw material, and for which they must have given us less satisfaction. We should have reand will pay by the creation of a raw material of their membered the executions of Arbuthnol and Ambrister

the hero, as he is called, of New Orleans--the fierce Let us, then, be warned by recent experience and and turbulent soldier—but we should have looked in

Let us prepare in our prosperity for the ad- vain for any one action of his life that designated the versity which must follow the imprudent use of the statesman. Such a man would have appeared to us present. As our property will rise with our cotton better qualified to fight the battles of the republic market, let those who are in debt dispose of sufficient with the backwood Indians, than to preside over its to pay their debts-and prudently employ the re- diplomatic relations. mainder. While we pay due attention to the cultiva From the same, of March 16. The new president of tion of cotton, let us not neglect the grain crop which the United States, as we mentioned yesterday, is the must supply our own consumption.

son of the celebrated president John Adarns, and was Let us pay strict attention to our stock of hogs and early brought forward in political life, under the aus. cattle. Let us employ our evenings and wet weather pices of the federal party, thc aristocrats of the northin clothing ourselves and our domestics. Let us ride er republic. By their influence, he was appointed, our own ponies and drink at our own pure fountain. in 1801, minister plenipotentiary to the court of BerFor it is å solemn fact that, in 1817 and 1819, when lin; and by their influence, too, when he was recallour cotton was worth above 30 cents, that the whole ed by president Jefferson, he obtained the honorable crop of cotton made, in South Carolina and Geor- post of professor at Harvard college, in Massachugia, would not pay for the luxuries brought from the setts, and subsequently a nomination to congress.West Indies, manufactures from Europe, notions from Notwithstanding this, Mr. Quincy Adams afterwards the eastern states, corn and slaves from the northern abandoned the party to whom both his father and and middle states, and hogs and cattle from the west- himself owed their distinction, and wrote in favor of ern states. To conclude, we sum up all in the fol- the democratic party. His labored defence of the lowing:

embargo law lies before us; and of this we need only ist. Get out of debt while your property will bring cite one passage. He ridicules his colleague, Mr. its full value, and stay so.

Pickering, for having maintained, (and be it observed 2d. Make all within yourself which you have to that this was in 1808), "that England was contending consume at home.

for the common liberties of mankind, and was the 3d. Sell all you make to spare, and then lay out the only safe-guard of America against the ambition and proceeds on substantial property.

injustice of France.” But, though we do not look Do these three things, and you will acquire riches with any great approbation on this part of Mr. Quincy by prudence, morality by temperance, individual in- Adams's political career, yet candor obliges us to say · dependence by industry; and happiness from all. that we no where trace in bis conduct the violence and “And may you better reck the rede,

bigotry of a blind hater of England. His writings, if "Than e'er did the advisers."

not very profound, are moderate; his personal deport

ment is said to be mild and pleasant, and his mind is THE PRESIDENT. As we have inserted so much certainly, to a considerable degree, cultivated. When matter of "American manufacture" on the late elec- we compare him with his competitor, general Jackson, tion of a president, perhaps it may amuse some of the contrast is striking. Jackson has been always a our readers to see what the British press has pro- democrat; and as democrats in power are generally duced on the same subject-especially that of our old despotic, his conduct, as a general, was arbitrary and friend “The Courier.”

ferocious in the extreme. He is the favorite of the From the London Courier, of March 15. The arrival mob; because the mob is always servile, and always of New York papers, to the 13th ult. enables us to lay ready to follow an armed and arbitrary leader. The before our readers much interesting matter, connect mob of England were for Cromwell, the mob of Rome ed with the election of president of the United States. for Cæsar, and the mob of France for Bonaparte. The successful candidate, it will be seen, is John LPThere are a few mistakes, in point of fact, as Quincy Adams; but the manner of his election, by the to what is stated in the "Courier"_but this is so geunion

of Mr. Clay's interest, seems to have grievously nerally the case in British papers, when they speak of offended general Jackson's friends. Their outcries American affairs, that it is not necessary to notice are loud and vehement; and, what must appear won therp. derful to the admirers af republican purity, corrupt motives, and an utter disregard of public rights, are WOXDERFUL! Lord Lauderdale, in the British house as freely charged upon the successful party, as they of lords, commenting on the danger likely to arise would be in England, whero, we are told, by a cer- from rash speculations, stated that "there were, at tain class of perennial politicians, those vices cmi- present, piaced at the command of the directors and niently fourish. We, ourselves, are not surprised other managers of the joint stock companies, more at all this, inasmuch as we think men are only ren, than 1.200,000,000”–{nine hundred millions of doland are no more in the habit of looking for angels in lars!) four times as much, he added, as any minister republics than in monarchies; but it must strangely had raised by loan, at once, during the war. puzzle those who are never at a loss for a model, Lord Liverpool, in deprecating, with lord Lauder.. when they inveigh against their own country. dale, so wild a spirit, took the opportunity to declare,

The election of Mr. Sidums, however, is one upon that, though, in times of pressure and calamity, the which we seel inclined to congratulate the people of government had, beretofore, on application of bankthe United Siaica. Le filled the office of secretary ers and merchants, issued exchequer bills for their of state, (generally considered the immediate stcp-relief, he would never consent to, nay, he would ping stone to the presidential chair), and is the son of strenuously oppose, under all circumstances, anj the former president Islams. He represented his such issue in favor of these joint stock companies. country at several European courts, and among others, at our own. le is considered a man of high GAMBLING IN STOCKS. In a recent debate in the literary attainment, a character which some of his British house of commons, on the incorporation or . gublic papers, as secretary of state, fully justify. orl new mining company

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