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THIRD SERIES.

No. 11--Vol. IV.]

BALTIMORE, MAY 14, 1825.

(Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE No. 713

THE PAST-THE PRESENT FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

Cotton. Letters from Liverpool, dated April 2, that there could be any better time for such a discusare published in the New York papers. Cotton wassion than the present. All classes are now in a stale in lively and steady demand, and the prices had ad- of comparative ease and comfort. The poor are not vanced from 1d. to 11d. per pound. Uplands 131 to stimulated by the want of food-tke landed interests 164, New Orleans 151 to 1$. Tennessees 131 to 164, are not alarmed by the fear of ruin. The question Sea Islands 23. 9d. to 3s. The stock was estimated at is, therefore, more likely to be cooly examined, and only 75 or 80,000 bales-which were changing owners correctly determined, than it could possibly be under very frequently-by speculation!

different circumstances, and there is no knowing It is supposed that 150,000 bales of Egyptian cot- what changes a sivgle year may produce. ton will be received in England during the present "With respect to the second point, we must confess, year.

we see but one strictly just line of conduct that can

be pursued. The agriculturists have been nearly TRAVELLING. The journey from Philadelphia to ruined; but corn has now risen to such a price as to Huntsville, (about 1000 miles), was made in twelve relieve them, in a great measure, from the fears of todays, on horse-back, by an individual, to make pur- tal destruction. They are now in comparative ease chases of cotton, on the arrival of the late news and comfort, and are satisfied, though the prices are from England. He was six days a-head of the mail. not such as the law has considered necessary for

their protection. This state of prosperity and comCANALS, &c. Our eastern brethren are busily en- fort is equally enjoyed by every other part of the comgaged in talking about and planning several very munity, and it does not appear to be at present neimportant canals, and certain of the projects have cessary to sacrifice one class, in order to make the been taken up in a most substantial manner. The fol- other happy. We cannot sce, therefore, that it lowing are some of the works just now contemplated: would be just, after what the argriculturists bave

1. From New Haven to Northampton; 2. from suffered, to trifle with ther, or make any alteration Providence to Worcester; 3. from the waters of in the existing prices. The duty ought to be such as Long Island Sound, through the valley of Connecticut to secure those prices beyond all question; less than river, Vermont and lake Memphremagog, &c. to Ca- this would be most unfair, and, if any reduction is nada; 4. from Boston harbor to the Connecticut; and, hereafter found necessary, let it be made by degrees. 5. across Cape Cod-this last will needs be only 41 We protest against experimental legislation on such miles in length, with a fine harbor at each end of it, a subject. Let us be satished when we see all prosa and will lessen the distance 150 miles.

perous, and let us not seek suddenly to disturb this

hapry cquilibrium for the sake of an abstract prinFLOUR AND WHEAT. Twenty-seren American ves- ciple.” sels, two British, one French and one Danish, in all thirty-one vessels, with 68,500 barrels of flour, arriv SUNDAY SCHOOL). In the overweening desire that ed at Lima from Sept. 1824 to Jan. 1825. The stock has lately prevailed for the establishment of new sowas so great that, after paying the cost of transpor- cieties and associations, it is with great pleasure that tation and the duties, the greater part would be en- there is, at least, one among them which every body tirely lost. And a letter from Valparaiso, dated Ja- approves, with a truly catholic spirit-as though it nuary, 1823, says "The wheat is very fine and abun- were an original principle of good, unalloyed by secdant in this country this year, and some few mills tarianism; and this is formed by the societies estabproduce flour equal to your New York grand canal. lished for the support of Sunday schools. They are They will soon be able to supply the whole ccast, very numerous in most of our great cities and large much cheaper than we can bring it around Cape towns, and, indeed, it is specially in these that the Horn."

value of them is most manisest, except in the neighSome of the ports of Spain hare been opened for borhood of large manufactories, in which they are althe reception of four and grain, until the king's plea- most universally kept up and on the best possible footsure should be known on the subject.

ing, to the advantage of all parties.

We see that lately the children belonging to fifty"THE FREEDOM OF TRADE!" The following is from five Sunday schools in New York were collected at the London Courier. If it is presumed to express the Castle Garden. Their number was between 4 and sentiments of the ministers, as it generally does, we 5,000, under charge of pearly 600 superintendents may soon expect to have a full confirmation of what and teachers of the scholars, 2,160 were able to read we suspected-to wit, that Mr Huskisson's doctrines the scriptures. The display was beautiful, and must about the freedom of trade" were intended for expor- have warmed the hearts of many of the thousands of iation; a sort of "wooden nutmeg' business. spectators attending. There were one hundred and

The Courier of the 29th March says "A somewhat fifty-nine clergymen present, a number of wbom were premature discussion was excited last night, on the from different parts of the United States, and of alsubject of the corn laws, by the presenting of a peti- most every sect and persuasion. How interesting to tion by Mr. Curwen, from the corn-merchants or behold them, united in their wishes for the success London, praying for an alteration of those laws, and of a common work of goodness! Such meetings must the substitution of a fixed duty in their stead. With have a powerful effect to proinote the best disposiregard to the policy, if not the necessity, of adopting tions of the human mind. the principle of the measure prayed for, there is, at The number of scholars belonging to the different present, we believe, but one opinion. The only Sunday schools of Philadelphia and its vicinity, is questions likely to arise would be, first, whether the given at 8,000 and upwards! In Baltimore they are present be the proper time for bringing the measure numerous, but we do not know the amount of them. forward? and next, whether the amount of duty proposed, be too much, or not enough? With respect to EMIGRATION is powerful to the west. The vessels The former of these poipts, we confess we do not see on lake Erie are hardly able to carry the passengers VOL. XXVII,

.1.1.

and their goods, though the steam boat conveys about their fellow subjects, that are willing to throw them 300 persons westward every week. The destination selves out of the circle of the white population, for the of the people is chietly Ohio and Michigan.

purpose of ameliorating and exalting the condition

and character of the black! It is admitted, and we CANT-CANT-CANT. A late number of the Edin feel great pleasure in believing the fact, that, on acburg Review has an article on the United States, from count of the small amount of siaves that there were which the following is an extract

in the new southern republics, and by reason of the "No one can admire the simple wisdom and manly extensive mixtures of the whites with the Indians and firmness of the Americans more than we do, or more blacks, and of one class with another in every posdespise the pitisui propensity which exists among gosible way, that the color may be exterminated in a few vernment runners, toʻvent their small spite at their generations, and the whole population of these states character; but, on the subject of slavery, the conduct have equal access to places of honor and profit-but of America is, and has been, the most reprehensible. with us, this process cannot be hoped for, and it reIt is impossible to speak of it with too much indigna- mains for us only to bear with the evil as well as we tion and contempt; but for it, we should look for- can, and stand prepared to meet events which all ward, with unqualified pleasure, to such a land of fearfully believe must come to pass.* But when they freedom, and such a magnificent spectacle of human shall come-England will have to meet, at least, as happiness."

much moral responsibility on account of them, as the How is it that the editors of this celebrated work, United States. And when the reviewers refer to this who certainly possess splendid talents and make high hacknied subject, we hope that they will be honest, pretensions to liberality and justice, so repeatedly and tell their British readers that it was they themmisrepresent the truth and us, when speaking of selves and their fathers, (not colonists), who placed us slaves and slavery in this country? It does cot seem in the condition which they so much reprehend. possible that they are ignorant of the history of what they call our'danger and disgrace.” They must know Boston. At a late session of the common council that it was their own gracious king and liberly-loving of the city of Boston, the report of a committee, on the parliament that imposed it upon us, and rejected our subject of procuring portraits of sundry revolutionary humble petitions that the horrid traffic in human patriots, was taken up, and an order passed authorizing flesh might cease. They must know it was Virgi- thc mayor to procure the portraits, as soon as may nia that first raised her voice against the blackeping bc, of Samuel Adams, John Adams, James Bowdoin, our land with slaves, and that the perseverance of Benj. Franklin, John Hancock, James Otis, Josiah holy Britain in the trade was one of the main causes Quincy and Joseph Warren. of our “rebellion” against the “Lord's anointed," George the third. And is it his subjects that are to PHILADELPHIA. From Krumbhaar's Price Current abuse us for possessing that evil which their oron ac- we have the following items, as to the exports of cursed avarice inflicted? There is a degree of mean- Philadelphia, in April 1824 and 1825: ness in this, that it is impossible to speak of without Exports.

April, 1824. April, 1825. "indignation and contempt." It is bad enough to bear Specie,

$324,700 1,559,570 with the misfortune wbich the "nother country'er Domestic articles,

374,578 344,113 tailed on this.but no other than deliberate knaves or

Foreign do.

566,716 689,507 incorrigible blockheads will blame this republic for it. The specie, except about $21,000, all went for Can. The nation acted against slavery at the first moment ton. of the balance of the exports of the month, that it could and was the first to make the trade pi- say $1,033,620, $406,000 worth departed for Alveen racy. If the Reviewers really have any honorable rado, 137,000 for Hamburg, 108,000 for Great Britain, feeling in respect to this matter, if they refer to sla- 62,000 for St. Thomas', 57,000 for Hayti-all else very in America for any other purpose than to make under $50,000. [These items belong to the exports an offset against the "simple wisdom and manly firm. 1 of April "25.] ness" that they are compelled to admire, let them join with us in deprecating the authors of this giant

GUAYAQI'IL. Extract of a letter from an American öt mischief, which, they charitably say, “will one day en Guayaquil to a gentleman in Salem, Mass. daled Decemtail, (and ought to entail), a bloody servile war upon ber 26, 1824—"I have been here about twenty days.

." But, if to deprecate the memory of George the The city is situated on a river of the same name, 3rd, and the acts of his parliaments, be treason, we about 50 miles from the sea, and is, by far, the best will excuse them, if they will only find out some prac-port on the coast. A frigate of the largest class may ticable means by which we can get rid of their curse. come up to the city. The country abounds in ship It is easy to talk about slavery, and say that it ought timber, and many vessels are built here. The climate to be abolished. It cannot be abolished, unless in is perpetual summer, and rains are here common, cruelty to the slaves themselves and without hazard- although, fifty leagues south, at Payta, in Peru, a ing the safety of the white population, is means are shower was never known to fall. no: provided either for the transport of those liberat The latitude of Guayaquil is 2 10 south, and its lorted, or for a mixing of them in the common stock of the gitude about 79 45 west. Being so near the equator. people. In all the slave-bolding states, the freed ne- it is, of course, always hot; but its rich soil, so unlike groes are the worst part of the population--the most the barren coast of Peru, produces all kinds of fruits in miserable and the shortest lived. They have not great abundance. Although we are so near the equa been taught to think, and are incapable of providing tor, we sometimes see the winter garments of New for themselves; and even the best of them, some who are sober, discreet, temperate and industrious--that *It is possible that, by migrations to llayti and Afriwould do honor to society if they were admitted into ca, the progress of the black population may be it, remain in the degraded and excluded class, on ac- checked--and thousands of slaves would be liberated count of their color. The prejudice against it is not if means were provided and the way opened, for to be overcome by the people of the United States. their comfortable sabsistence in some other country. Many there are who feel willing to sit down at the The writer is mistaken here. Rain, it is true, is same table with black persons, and who treat them, in considered as a prodigy in Payta, as well as in many most respects, as rational and accountable beings like other parts of South America, but it has been known themsclves; yet what reflecting white man will take to rain there. About a hundred years ago, a small a black wife, or give up his daughter for the wife of quantity fell, and many of the buildings were ruined a black man? Let the reviewers send us a parcel ofl by it, being built of mud-Ed. Salem Gas.

us.

70

England spread upon the neighboring mountains. In The twin sisters, North and South Carolina-United clear weather, the celebrated Chimborazo may be in origin and interest, may they always be united geen from the city, situated in latitude 1 30 south, in sentiment and affection. covered with eternal spows. The rays of the vertical sun of its double summer fall upon its ices as Gen. Scott. The sword which was voted to this harmless and ineffectual as the lightnings of Heaven distinguished officer by the legislature of Virginia, on upon the magical rod of Franklin.

the 12th Feb. 1816, was recently presented to him by

gov. Pleasants, with a very appropriate address, to CCBA. Population of the island of Cuba, accord- which the general made the following reply: ing to the last census, in 1819:

Sır: In the part which it was my lot to bear in the District of Cuba.

late war, I should have deemed myself as still unforWhites,

59,722

tunate, whatever successes I might have obtained, or Free of color,

57,185

whatever honors might have been accorded to me Slaves,

63,079

elsewhere, if I had failed to win the approbation of

-179,986 my native state. But from this would I have been hapDistrict of Havana.

pily spared. Virginia, with parental kindness, has Whites,

197,658

deemed me one of her sons who endeavored well in Free of color,

58,506

the second great triumph of our free institutions.Slayes,

136,213

The law which gave my name to a county; the thanks -392,377 voted by the general assembly, and this sword, which

I have the honor to receive at your hands, in the pre

572,363 sence of the executive council, are the precious eviSupposed increase,

58,617 dences of that partiality. Sir, they are appreciated

by me in the spirit in which they have been bestowed,

630,980 as inculcating the first lesson of a citizen soldier The total revenue which accrued during the year that, as liberty is the greatest of blessings, so should 1924, for the city and jurisdiction of Havana, amount- she ever hold himself armed in her defence, and ready ed to $3,025,300.

to sacrifice his life in her cause. The principal articles of export were

The sword was manufactured in Philadelphia, by Sugar, in boxes,

$245,329 Mr. Harvey Lewis, and is thus described in the Richa Coffee, arrobas,

661,674 mond Enquirer: During this year, there arrived

“All the mountings of general Scott's sword are of of Spanish ships of war,

59 fine gold. The head of the hilt represents that of a reign, do.

knight in armour; the gripe is ornamented with spiral

129 wreaths of oak and laurel, with two heads of Mars Spanish merchantmen,

196 in the centre--the shell, with the classical emblems Foreign, do.

990

of war, having in the centre, set in a wreath of laurel, - 1,086 a fine head of Liberty. On the mountings of the scab

bard we have the winged thunder, Hercules strangTotal,

1,215 ling the lion, and wreaths of oak. All these figures

and emblems are in chase work, finely executed. If West Indies. We mentioned, in our last, that there the external ornaments be classical, those on the were large arrirals of troops in the West Indies. It is blade, which is the soul of the weapon, are historical. said that no less than 6,000 British have lately First, we have on one side, a scene from the battle reached New Providence, and several thousand, in of Niagara, representing the moment after Miller had addition to recent accessions, are expected at Havana. carried the battery: general Scott is seen at the head The last, it is probable, will be convoyed by French of his shattered, but still intrepid brigade, and mountvessels. One must suppose from all this, that impor- ing another charger, his own being literally torre tant events are expected; and, from the location of from under him by a cannon shot. It was a moment British troops, it would appear that a transfer of the when victory seemed dependent upon the uncommon island of Cuba is anticipated. Besides, a large Bri- exertions of some heroic spirit, and the effect protish naval force is cruising about the island-four fri- duced upon the troops by the general's sudden fallgates were lying at Havana, at one time.

ing and re-appearing was finely electrical. This delineation is followed by an eagle between two

scrolls; on the first, “Chippewa, 5 July, 1814"-on Mr. Calhoux. On the 16th of April, the citizens the other, “Niagara, 25 July, 1814.” On the opposite of Lincolnton, N. C. gave a dinner to the vice presi- side of the blade, we have “presented by the commondent, who paid them a visit on his journey home from wealth of Virginia, to major general Winfeld Scott, Washington. The following are some of the toasts | 12 Feb. 1916,” followed by a figure of Liberty, with drank on the occasion:

Tyranny prostrated at her feet, and this scroll-Sic James Monroe-A name consecrated by the virtues Semper Tyrannis. The whole blade, which is of the of him who bears it.

best proof, is covered with ornaments, exceuted in The administration of John Quincy Adams-Tran- high taste. scendent talents and ardent patriotism constitute the The swords that were voted to general Gaines and pledges of its excellence.

captain Warrington are also received, and will be Andrew Jackson—The soldier and the patriot; may presented the first opportunity. the scenes of domestic privacy prove welcome, and honor and tranquility attend the evening of his days.

BARON STEUBEN. A meeting has been held at Lafayette, Bolivar and Mina-Congenial spirits-Utica, N. Y. and a committee appointed for the purtheir fame as lasting as the cause for which they bled. pose of receiving subscriptions to erect a monument

John C. Calhoun-May the consistency which has over the remains of baron Steuben. heretofore marked his conduct, attend him througli After noticing the proceedings, the Ulica Sentidel out his political career.

says--The memory of haron Sterben is precious to Upon which Mr. Calhoun rose, obviously under Americans. Few names excite more pleasant recolthe pressure of decp emotion, tendered hiš thanks lections, or more grateful feelings then his. The for the kind feelings expressed in the toast, and, in last years of his life were passed in our vicinity. return, offered:

Our coumtry was his chosen residence, and received

evidence of his preference and regard. The corner union, that of the Union company, for connecting stone of llamilton academy, which has since arisen (the Schuylkill and the Susquehannah, was the result into a seminary of a higher grade, was laid by his of the enterprise of Philadelphia.” veteran hands. His remains lie undistinguished; there is nothing to mark the place of his isolated The state of Pennsylvania owns $1,799,067 207 of grave. It is now proposed to ercct a plain, but du- turnpike stock, which, during the year 1824, yielded rable monument, to the memory of that distinguished the enormous revenue of eleven hundred and eightychampion of freedom and soldier of the revolution. seven dollars fifty cents! General Lafayette has already assisted in doing honor The state also holds bridge stock to the amount of to the neglected remains of generals Greene, De $554,750. This is a little more profitable. It last kulh and Pulaski; and it would, undoubtedly, afford year yielded a revenue of ten thousand six hundred him sincere gratification, to assist in paying this de- and forty dollars. served tribute to the memory of his friend and com The state has besides 30,000 dollars in Union canal panion in arms. The public will experience de stock, and 50,000 dollars in stock of the Schuylkill fight, in embracing the opportunity afforded by the navigation company. At the expiration of fifteen visit of the nation's guest, to manifest, by this im- years, 100,000 dollars of Delaware and Chesapeake pressive ceremony, their feelings of respect, venera- canal stock, is to be transferred to it by the Philadeltion and gratitude, both for the living and the dead. phia bank.

From this it appears that the whole amount of New York. From the 12th April to the first day of capital stock, invested in public improvement, is May, says the Albany Advertiser, three hundred and $2,523,817 204, and that it last year yielded a reveforty-nine boats departed from Albany, laden with nue of $12,827 50. three thousand and thirty-eight tons of merchandise, The following appropriations, remaining unpaid on &c. and seventeen thousand and ninety-six dollars the first of December, 1824, are not included in the were paid to the collector at Albany on account of foregoing estimale. For turnpikes $156,600 404; for toll.

canals $20,000; for the improvement of rivers and There arrived at Albany, in two days, by the canal, creeks, $51,213 50; for bridges $28,750 00. seven thousand seven hundred and sixty-nine barrels of four, seven thousand five hundred and thirty bush The following summary statement of the improreels of wheat, and eight hundred and thirty-four bar-ments effected on the river Schuylkill, is copied rels of ashes, besides a great amount of sundry arti- from the Berks (Pa.) Journal:cles.

28 dams, making a slack water navigation of 46

miles. At most of those dams there is a large surPexxSELVANIA. A state convention is to be held plus of water power that may be sold for manufacat Harrisburg for promoting the great cause of inter- turing purposes. nal improvement. It is to be composed of delegates 23 canals, 3 to 4 feet deep, by 32 to 40 feet wide from the different counties. The delegates lately on the top water line, in length 63 miles. chosen from Philadelphia city and county, are

120 locks, 17 feet wide by 80 feet long, overcoming For the city--John Sergeant, Charles J. Ingersoll, a fall of 589 feet. Wm. J. Duane, Mathew Carey, Wm. Lehman, Ma 4 to 5 minutes are required to pass a boat through nuel Eyre.

each lock. For the county-Jacob Holgate, Daniel Groves, 17 arched stone aqueducts. Alex'r McCaraher, Samuel Breck, James Ronaldson, 1 tunnel, cut through and under a solid rock, 450 George W. Riter, Samuel Humphreys.

feet long.

31 houses for toll and gate keepers. The following is given in a Philadelphia paper, as The whole cost of the improvement, from Philadelthe amount paid by the state of Pennsylvania, to the phia to Mount Carbon, a distance of one hundred and witnesses who attended the recent investigation before ten miles, 1,800,000 dollars. the legislature, respecting the judges:

A tow path is expected to be completed along the House of representatives.

pools of the dams by the first of August next, which In Judge Chapman's case,

$1,662 55

will form a complete line of communication along the Judge Franklin's,

1,279 25

whole extent of the improvements, and will enable a Judge Porter's

926 55 boat, of forty tons burthen, by the aid of a horse, to

pass from the coal mines to Philadelphia in four days,

3,869 35 and return in the same space of time. Senale.

As experience has shown that all the canals in EngTa Judge Franklin's case,

756 26

land, upon which coals form the principal article of

transport, the number of tons, upon which tolls are Total amount of witnesses' pay,

$1,624 61

collected, far exceed those of other canals, upon

which merchandise and the produce of the country At the meeting lately held in Philadelphia, for the alone form the principal articles of trade, we may purpose of appointing delegates to a general canven- expcet the same result will be found in the Schuylkill tion at Harrisburg, to forward internal improvo canal. ments, Mr. J. Ingersoll said

The rate of toll on coal, from Mount Carbon to "Let us recollect what Pennsylvania has done, Philadelphia, is fixed at 6 cents per bushel, or $1 65 thirty years since, and hy that recollection, let us be cents a ton. prompted to further exertions, not only for advance In addition to the coal trade, we may, with confiment and aggrandizement, but that we may not sink dence, expect that the boats, returning from the city, into insignificance. The first steam boat that moved upon the waters of this country, hung out its banners sage of last winter, preferred the same claim in rein the port of Philadelphia; the first turnpike that dis- spect of the Middlesex canal. We think that New turbed the virgin soil of America, the great road York is entitled to the palm-at least of commencing from this city to Lancaster, was the work of Phila- the first canal. The canal of the Western Inland locki delphia; the first canal* projected and begun in the navigation company of this state, at the Little Falls,

through the German flats, and from the Mokawk river *In respect to this, the New York Commercial Ad- to Wood Creek, near Old Fort Stanwix, was com vertiser says--The late governor Eustis, in his mes- pleted in 1798.

Phila. paper.

will convey large quantities of salt, plaster, groceries | EUROPE IN 1925. A forcible and intelligent French and other articles of merchandise, to the different writer, in what he styles “A political review of Eutowns on its borders, as well as to its extremity, for rope in 1825," briefly sums up his reflections as folthe purpose of being conveyed about thirty miles in lows: wagons, along an excellent turnpike, long since es “France, without any fixed position, placed between tablished, to Sunbury, situated at the junction of the her ancient and new regime, and yielding to her east and west branches of the Susquehapnah, and to old prejudices; Italy waiting impatiently for the mobe transported to various parts of the state. By ment of throwing off hers; the civilized portion of means of this turnpike, large quantities of the prom Spain reduced to silence and despair by that portion ducts of the extensive and fertile country through which remains in barbarism; Austria preserving the which the branches of the Susquehannah pass, may be model of a happy state of servitude; Prussia ignorant expected to be brought to the head of the canal, to how to reconcile her political existence with her be transported to Philadelphia, which, with the pro-civil state; the Polanese spirit surviving Poland; Gerdacts generally of the country along the line of the many forever busy with the rights of the people and canal, must form a very large item of tonnage. the rights of kings, discussing every thing, and deter

The Union canal, wbich is already in great for- mining nothing; Russia instructing Europe in an Asiawardness and progressing with great rapidity, is in- tic obedience; Turkey crouching, at length, to the actended to join the waters of the Susquehannah with clamations of a civilized people; Greece rising from the Schuylkill, and fall into the Schuylkill canal at her ruins, and resuming her rank among the roblest Reading, about 50 miles above Philadelphia. nations; Sweden marching, with a wise and steady

The importance of these canals and improvements step, towards her new destinies; Denmark unmoved to the state of Pennsylvania, and to the city of Phila- amidst the general turmoil and confusion; Belgiun delphia, may be easily estimated from the data there within a single step of being the happiest state in Euwith furnished.

rope; Switzerland somewhat disturbed in her liberties

by her catholic population; Ireland still more fanatic VIRGINIA. The following gentlemen have been than she is unhappy; Portugal escaping from the yoke elected members of the 19th congress from the state of sovereigns; Romne persecuting philosophy wherever of Virginia,

she finds it, and enveloping Europe with her secret Thomas Newton, William S. Archer, Mark Alex- armies; in fine, proud England, leaning upon America, ander, John Randolph, Burwell Bassett, Andrew whose destiny she sanctions, glancing from her ocean Stevenson, William C. Rives, Robert S. Garnett, home at the agitations of Europe; contemplating, in John Taliaferro, Charles F. Mercer, John S. Bar- safety, the storms which rage around her, and holdbour, Joseph Johnson, William McCoy, John Floyd, ing in her hand the power to give, at will, a direction and William Smith-15, re-elected. James Trez- to these agitations, which must be fatal to tyranny. vant, in the place of A. Smith, Thomas Davenport, in Such is Europe at the beginning of the year 1825; place of George Tucker, Robert Taylor, in place of she will be no longer the same when the year shall P. P. Barbour, William Armstrong, in the place of bave revolved." J. Stephenson, and Benjamin Estill, in the place of A. Smyth—six new members in the place of others who Ireland. The population of this island is given at had declined; and one new member, Nath. A. Clai- |3,341,928 males, and 3,459,901 females. The perborne, in opposition to J. Leftwich, the late member. sons employed in agriculture at 1,138,069-in trades, So that, as far as it depended on the freeholders, only manufactures and handicrafts, 1,170,044. Dublin is one member of the whole delegation was changed at supposed to contain 227,335 persons, the late election.

the

property of James Scully, one new bed

sheet, the property of John Quin, seven hanks of yarn, LOUISIANA. Whereas, the expression of national the property of the widow Scott, and one petticoat and gratitude is the highest reward which can be bestowed one apron, the property of the widow Gallagher, "seizon a citizen who retires from public life, after having ed under and by virtue of a levying warrant, for tithe served his country in the highest office-Therefore, due to the rev. John Usher,” were advertised to be be it

sold at Ballymore, “by public cant," not long ago. Resolved, by the senate and house of representatives of the state of Louisiana, in general assembly FRENCII MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT. A royal ordonconvened, That the legislature of this state entertain nance has been just published in France, which orthe highest veneration for James Monroe, who, by ders that the infantry of the French active army shall his adminstration of government, has preserved the be composed of six rogiments of the royal guard, sixpurity of our republican institutions, and the honor of ty-four regiments of infantry of the line, and twenty The nation abroad.

regiments of light infantry. Each regiment is to be Resolved, That he is entitled to the gratitude of composed of a staff and three battalions, and each the people of this state, both for the share he had in battalion to have eight companies, viz: one of grenaeffecting the union of Louisiana with the American diers or carabiniers, one of voltiguers and six of fusi. eonfederacy, and as chief magistrate of the union, by leers or chasseurs. Each regiment of the royal guard bis integrity, talents and virtue.

is to have 2,856 men, including officers, on the war Resolved, that the governor of the state be re-establishment. The regiments of the line 2,835 men quested to forward these resolutions to JAMES Mon on the war establishment, and 1,875 on the peace esNOE, president of the United States.

tablishment. A. B. Roman,

According to another ordonnance, the cavalry is to Speaker of the house of representatives. be composed of two regiments of grenadiers, two of

Isaac A. Smith, cuirassicrs, one of dragoons, one of chasseurs, one of

President of the senate. lancers and one of hussars, which are to form the Approved, February 18, 1825:

two divisions of the royal guard; and of the line, two H. JOHNSON. regiments of carabiniers, ten of cuirassicrs, twelve of Goverpor of Louisiana. dragoons, eighteen of chasseurs, and six of hussars,

making in ali forty-eight regiments. Eaclı regiment ALLEGHANY RIVER. It is estimated that 20 millions is to be composed of a staff and six squadrons. feet of boards and plank, and 10 millions of shingles, Each regiment of the royal guard is to have, includhave descended this river during the present season: ing officers, 340 men and 980 horses on the war chiefly from Warren county, Pa.

establishment, and 748 men and 782 horses on the

One co10,

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