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peace establishment. The heavy cavalry of the lines succeeded by two others, at-distances of time, of iew are to have 926 men and 893 horses on the war estab- and twenty minutes, but less violent. lishment, and 734 men and 650 horses on that of peace: Algiers did not suffer by these shocks--but the the light cavalry 1,022 men and 989 horses in war, town of Belida, distant 28 miles, and which corand 734 men and 650 horses in peace.

tained about 10,000 inhabitants, was almost wholly By another ordonnance, the artillery of the guard destroyed, and nearly the entire population perished! is to be composed of a regiment of foot artillery, one The particulars are not yet received, but the awful of horse artillery and one of train artillery. The statement is, no doubt, generally true. Belida aboundartillery of the line is to consist of eight regiments ed with delightful springs of water--it was circulated of foot artillery, four of horse artillery, one battalion through all the streets; but, half an hour before the of poutoniers, twelve companies of workmen, one earthquake, all the water suddenly disappeared, and company of armorers, and eight squadrons of train none is to be found within the distance of half a artillery

league. THE GREEKS. St. Petersburg, March 1. Mr. Strat Dr. Parr. Late advices from England mention ford Canning, as is well known, arrived here some the decease of this celebrated man. Me lest precise weeks ago from Vienna, as English ambassador ex. directions for his funeral, and ordered the following traordinary to our court, and will remain, it is said, to be inscribed upon his monument, “What doth the until May. Nothing, that can be depended upon, tran- Lord, thy God, require of thee, but to do justice, to spires respecting the frequent conferences between love mercy, and walk humbly with thy God?" him and our government. Indeed, all the course of The following extract from his writings has been our recent policy is covered with an impenetrable commended for its liberal spirit: veil, behind which only a few of the initiated are “Religion is so majestic in itsell, and so momenallowed to see. Our emperor directs, himself, all the tous in its consequences--some of its evidences are important diplomatic negotiations with foreign cabi- so complex, and some of its principles are so reconnets, and confides the execution only to count Nes-dite-its speculative topics are fastened by such nice selrode, who is at the head of the foreign department. and secret ties, to its practical tendencies--the disit is generally taken for granted, that the affairs of cussion brings into action so many weaknesses, és the Greeks, which have excited such general inte- well as powers, and so many bad as well as good pas. rest for some years past, are a chief subject of these sions of the human mind-the influence of those pasconferences with the English ambassador: but, at sions is so exclusive and so pernicious, that, with all present, there are only conjectures with respect to the these various reasons, I am particularly offended with manner in which their future lot will be determined. the insolence of dogmatism, and the acrimony of inIt is, however, the general opinion here, that, if vectives, upon subjects of theology-upon subjects, Greece is to form, in future, a part of the European be it remembered, where truth, indeed, is not within system, as an independent power, our emperor, in our reach, but where humilily, caution and charity, concert with his allies, will not consent to this inde makes a visible and most indispensable part of our pendence of the Greeks, except on condition of their duty." recognizing a prince given them by the allied powers, But with all this, of doing justice, loving mercy and and under a constitution framed by themselves; but walking humbly-all this liberal feeling and charity then it is affirmed that the English cabinet is of a for the opinions of others, he was a strong adherent different opinion.

to the union between church and state, and a decided

friend to the test act! Herein we see the difference Lisbon in 1821, 2, 3—"by Mrs. Baillie. We have between saying and doing. been much interested by some extracts which have lately been published from this work. It seems to CHURCH AND STATE. The following, from the Lioffer a very full and fair representation of the Portu- verpool Mercury, is an apt commentary and illustraguese character and manners. Speaking of the cere- tion of the benefits and blessings of a union of church monies of Lent and the Holy Week, she says—"The and state. Let every American, while he reads it, other day was enacted the hanging of Judas and the thank God that he lives in a country where every resacrifice of Abraham in the open streets. The partsligious denomination has an established church of of Isaac was performed by a half naked boy, and equal influence and privileges. Abraham held a long knife in his hand, which he Clerical avarice. We observe, by the police repretended to strike into his back every moment, for i ports of the metropolis, that the rev. Dr. Wilson, recat least a hundred times running; but another boy, tor of St. Mary's, Aldermanbury, sent his tithe coldressed in dirty tinselled rags and soiled feathers, lector to apply to the lord mayor for a warrantof diswith painted wings upon his shoulders, who was tress, against a poor widow, for a demand of one pound meant to be an angel, walked behind the two, holding eight shillings of tithe. The collector expressed his å red ribbon, one end of which was tied round the regret at being obliged to call on the widow, who was murderous weapon; and as often as Abraham set in the deepest poverty and distress. The circum. upon poor Isaac, so often did the angel pull back his stances of her case were such, that the lord mayor arm with a dexterous jerk, by which means all mis-sent an urgent recommendation that the demand chief was prevented!"

might not be pressed, and that he himself would raWhat sort of people must they be that can tolerate ther compromise it, by paying the rev. Dr. ten in such mummery? The poor negroes of central Africa | the pound. But the Dr. would listen to no such redo not practice any religious ceremonies that are more commendation; disapproved of his lord ship meddling perfectly ridiculous than such of the Portuguese. with his private affairs; and, although the church

wardens liar declined demanding the poor rates from EARTHQUAKE. Several severe shocks of earth- the poor woman, who was in a state of great wretchquake were felt at Algiers on the 2nd of March. The edness, (and she was the only one of the doctor's pamovement was from east to west, laterally, quick and rishioners who expressed inability to pay), he sent jarring, with a noise resembling that made by a num-back the collector to apply for the distress warrant. ber of wagons, driven rapidly ov paved ways. he The lord mayor, finding that the divine was as resoatmosphere was perfectly serene, the wind strong lute for his tithe as Shylock for his bond, paid the from the interior, the thermometer at 58o and the sum himself to save the poor creature from actual barometer falling, though but very slightly affected. starvation and despair. The contrast in the humanity The first shock endured about 20 seconds; it was of the doctor and the worthy magistrate requires no

comment. But let us hear no more of the catholics THE BALLOT. We find the following paragraph in lerying rent. They never levied any thing so atro- the London Examiner of the 20th March: ciously oppressive as this. (The reverend doctor The Times,* alluding to the excitement and newsought to have been tarred and leathered and carted— paper warfare, occasioned in the U. States by the prewas the law directs.");

sidential election, sagely remarks—"It affords matter

for reflection to observe, that the charge of corruption Money. Some of the eastern banks are engaged brought even in the election to this the supreme ofin the "unprofitable contest of trying which can do fice of the state. Hereditary succession, in a limited the other most harm." The following paragraphs monarchy, scems less objectionable, as a system, may serve to shew the character and operation of than a periodic election, as far, at least, as regards the things going on:

the liability to such a charge.” The latter clause is From the Boston Courier, May 2. We have notknown, a special qualification, no doubt, and goes a good for many years, so great a pressure on almost all way towards rendering the observation pointless. classes of citizens, in relation to money concerns, as Still, the very idea of depreciating popular election, was experienced here last week. To what cause the on account of the temporary ferment it excites, is scarcity of cash is to be attributed, it is not in our characteristic of a time-server. The political agitapower to say. The banks, we believe, without exception produced by an exercise of the elective frantion, refused all accommodations in the way of new chise among a people really free, far from being misdiscounts; and specie, probably to the amount of the chievous, is a wholesome stimulant, and serves to capitals of one or two of them, have been travelling prevent that apathy, which another class of objectors froin Salem to Boston, thence to Hartford, back to popular gevernment describe as the consequence again to Boston, via Providence and Portland, &c. of the supreme sovereignty of the people. That there &c. In this state of things, it was, perhaps, impossible is nothing dangerous to public tranquility in such confor the banks to discount notes, for it was pretty tests, is proved by the example of the United States. evident that their capital, instead of being in their We never hear of tumults or riots there at electionvaults, was on wheels, travelling about the country; time, simply, because there is no disfranchised and and if, perchance, it happened to get into State- discontented body. Each man, having an equal, and, street, it could hardly be taken from the wagon, be (thanks to the ballot), an uncontrolled elecioral prifore a draught from some rival institution was pre- vilege, feels no jealousy or hatred towards his relsented and it was under travelling orders.

| low-citizens, whose votes are opposed to his. The There is a general belief, prevalent in the country struggle for a favorite candidate may be fierce and and city, that the present difficulty is brought upon noisy enough; but an appeal to brute force is never us by the system, lately adopted here by the five asso-dreamt of by any party. As for the charge of corciated banks, of taking bills of the country banks at ruption, in some American paper, applied to the late par, and demanding specie of those banks in ex. election, it is a mere ebullition of a disappointed parchange for their bills. Whether this belief is well tisan, and can produce nothing but laughter among founded or not, is not for us to determine. The fact his own readers. If the representatives do amiss, that it exists, and that it has excited a general indig- the electors know the remedy will be soon in their nation against those banks, is not to be denied nor bands, at the quickly recurring general election: that concealed. It is incumbent on those who under- is always an ample security against violence, and stand the operation of the system, and approve it, toeven, in a great degree, against bad passions. come forward and appease the public feeling by a satisfactory explanation. We know it is said, that NEWSPAPERS. Between the 1st January last and they are not bound to answer every idle squib pub- the 31st of March, 150,624 newspapers were sent lished in the newspapers, and written by brokers, from the city of Richmond, of which 110,948 are whose craft is destroyed by this policy; and we ad- taken within the state, and the remaining 25,128 in mit that they are not.

different sections of the United States. But the present excitement is not confined to a few The increase in the number of papers sent within money brokers, it pervades every class and profes- the last quarter is 6,990. sion; and we contend that those on whom the impu The papers received in exchange by the different tation of producing the difficulty falls, are bound, in printing establishments, amount to 11,648. duty to the public, and from considerations of self-re The weight of these papers, estimating every paper spect, to come forward and justify the system they to weigh, after the impression, double as much as behave adopted, if it can be justified; and if not, to ac- fore, which is found, by experiment, to be very nearly knowledge their error and renounce, at once, the correct, is twenty-seven tons. (Rich. Ilhig short-sighted policy.

From the Hartford, (Conn.), Courant, May 3. Last PRINTING. The New York Daily Advertiser gives Monday an agent from several banks in Boston pre-notice, that the publishers, in connection with the sented bills of the banks in Hartford to the amount proprietors of the New York American, have sent 19 of about $50,000 for payment. Checks on banks in England for a press which will strake off two thouse: Boston were offered and refused-specie was de- sheets in one hour. This, they say, will enable t': manded and promptly paid. On Tuesday an agent to keep the paper open several hours later, ani, from the banks in this city repaired to Boston with have the press-work performed in so short a tin Boston bank notes, to the amount of $190,000, which to have it distributed throughout the city as eari, were duly presented and paid in specie. It is said to can be desired. be an "ill wind that blows no body any good"-we should like to know who has the benefit of this blast. “WHQ READS AN AMERICAN BOOK?" We rever

A letter from Portland, to a gentleman in Boston, this taunting question of the Quarterly Review.):, says:

which those who made it are, in all probability, sorry "One of our packets arrived to-day from Boston for, only to show that American books are read in with over $100,000 in specie. The "holy alliance” England, and that, by a talent of self-appropriation, will find it hard work to "to take him allvat you ac." | worthy of all praise, the productions of an American They will find a little yankee stuff in these regions- author appear as the editorial composition of the hard to heat, but harder to cool. Your banks took conductor of a London press. In the “ Erening Mail," $60,000 in specie, last week, from this place. Our (the semi-weekly issue of the "Landon Times,"), in banks have nearly two dollars in specie to one of bills in circulation."

*See page 150, present volume.

January last, there appear, under the editorial head, altogether in Indiana. This grant they have, I prefour closely printed columns, taken, without any sume, obtained. However, the Illinois charter, acknowledgment or reference whatever, from the even exclusive of this, an honorable judge writes me, work on Mexico, of our enlightened fellow citizen, "is the best in the world!" But Indiana will, no Mr. Poinsett. if you were to see the paper, you doubt, co-operate and give it efficiency. would take it for granted, that the editor had, in per The directors of this company, under this excelson, acquired all the information for which our coun- lent charter, (which is now before me), will, I extryman toiled so assiduously, and yet it might stagger pect, open books for the subscription in the cities of you to find an Englishman using these words of Mr. the eastern states. No payments will be required POINSETT, in relation to the culture of Indian corn. until actual operations have commenced. S'The farmers do not strip the blades, as with us, but ·cut down the stalk.” One may well ask, indeed, EFFECTS OF VACCINATION ON THE GENERAL MORswho reads an American book?" if its denomination TALITY. There exists, (says a late London paper), be changed instantly on its reaching England, like a even at the present day, sufficient discrepancy of Spanish dollar converted into English shillings. opinion on this subject, to make every thing, in the

[Charleston Courier.

shape of respectable evidence, valuable. M. Casper's

work, on the influence of vaccination, in Prussia, THE LAKES AND THE Mississippi. Letter from Tho- proves that not only the mortality among infants, mas S. Hinde, esq. dated Newport, Campbell county, but even the general mortality, has been incontesti Kentucky, April 2, 1825--The obligations I am under bly lessened by it in that kingdom; thus disproving to Ohio and Kentucky do not, at all, abate that ardor the idea of its causing other maladies to become more I have long experienced for the prosperity of other fatal to mankind. The following important conclustates in the west; I mean Illinois and Indiana. sions are the result of M. Casper's investigations: Though the youngest, they are not the least deserv

"!. The small pox formerly carried off from oneing. Ir their internal resources do not permit them, at twelfth to one-tenth of the population. this time, to compete with the state of Ohio in so "2. Of twelve children born at Berlin, one formerlaudable an interprise, they have been casting their ly perished of small pox; at present, not more than thoughts around them, but not as idle spectators. oncin 116 dies from the same cause. They are looking ahead, and are also disposed to "3. The diseases of infancy are more common than meet future events. Possessing, most unquestiona- before the introduction of vaccination, because the bly, all the natural advantages of connecting the wa- number of infants which survive is more consideraters of the lakes with those of the Ohio, for two or ble than it used to be. three years past, their plans have been devised for the “4. Those diseases formerly destroyed thirty-nine accomplishment of this object. This will be the infants in 100; at present, only thirty-four in 100 peconnection of the two navigable points of the Maume rish by them; so that, before the introduction of vacand Wabash rivers. To meet this event, the legisla-cination, 51 children in 100 died; whilst, at present, ture of Illinois have already incorporated a company only 43 dic out of the same number. There is, therefor the purpose, by an act passed 13th Jan. 1825. fore, a sensible diminution in the mortality among in-, Seeing that the policy pursued by the legislatures of fants of a tender age. New York and Whio had excluded individual enter

“5. Formerly, the general calculation was of one prise from their system of canalling; that their re- death in every 28 inhabitants; it is, at present, not sources, at this time, being inadequate, they have more than one in 34. There is, therefore, a sensifound this channel open, and invited capitalists to ble diminution in the general mortality.” participate in the benefits resulting from such an The French academy have, we believe, appointed enterprise.

M. de Chateauneuf to collect information on this The act of incorporation to which I have referred, very important subject in France. as far as the state of Ilinois embraces the Wabash river, has invested in a navigation company, the capi DR. ANTOMMARCHI AND TIE BRTISH PRIVY COUNCIL. tal stock of 10,000 shares of $100 each, (one mil. The council had sent for me to appear before them: I lion), with power to enter upon any land, in or ad- went, and found that they wished to have some injoining the Wabash river, belonging to the people or formation respecting the climate of St. Helena; which inhabitants of said state, so far as may be necessary I gave them. “And Longwood-its situation was for opening a canal around the several falls, or low- good?" "Horriblel cold, hot, dry and damp, it exering the channels of the same; and also to cut dams hibited an amalgamation of every extreme of atmosand locks, aqueducts and other works, for the im- pherical variation twenty times a day.” “But this had provement of said navigation; and all such lands, on no influence on general Bonaparte's health?” “It sent being appraised and paid for, to become the proper him to his grave!” “How can that be? he dicd of an ty of the company. This company is also authorized hereditary affection." "Ilereditary diseases are chito open a lock and canal navigation around all suchmeras, the existence of which medicine does not rapids and other places on said river, and to dam the acknowledge. It was the climate that killed him." same for that purpose, &c.

“But his father?” “His father died of a schirrus of It may be worthy of remark, that the bed of this the pylorus, and of a chronic gastro-hepatitis." "His river, for about 400 miles, forms a natural canal; affections had not been transmitted to him any that there are some falls well calculated for water more than a genius; every thing resided in him?" works, which in this country is exceedingly valuable, “Would he not have been attacked with the same and requires but moderate capital to improve the complaint in Europe?" "No; it is endemic only in whole to the portage point, near fort Wayne; perhaps the latitude of St. Helena.” “What would have 60 or $100,000 would do it.

been the consequence in the change of residence!!! This act of incorporation runs for thirty years, and "That he would still be alive." "Even if the change then not to be dissolved but by paying to the company should have taken place only a few months ago?" the amount of capital which they have actually ex- "Even then: his constitution was naturally strong. pended, together with ten per cent. interest per annum and it has required two years' exposure to the clithereon, &c. It also provides for the state of Indiana mate to destroy it." "Did the formation of the ulcer joining in said act. This was pending in the legisla- date only from that period?" "It had no existence ture of Indiana, and postponed until the next ses- before.” “It is a pity!", "A pity!" "But the tranquility sion, with a vicw of obtaining from congress the land of the world was at siake.» «Ilowever route betiyeen Maume and Wabash rivers, which lies . “Yes," said a member of the council,"he frould hare

The progress

FOREIGN NEWS.

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upset Europe again if he had been able to approach |pany was increased from 200,000 to 500,000 dollars, it." "Political questions is not within my sphere; but as above stated. there were stations quite as secure and less unheal Sandwich Islands. The insurrection, headed by thy." "Who could know that St. Helena was so insa- George Tamoree, was entirely suppressed in NovenJubrious?” “Who? the parliament, every body. Re- ber last, and he himself a prisoner. It was supposed gisters of deaths are every where kept, and they prove that he would be banished: that nobody at St. Helena attains the age of 40, without

A cotton mill was building at Otaheite; the machieither dying or being struck with intellectual nullity." nery, for spinning and weaving, had arrived from This reply offended one of the members of the coun- England. Cotton grows spontaneously in these islands, cil. "What signifies, after all, the death of general and its quality is said to be very good. Excellent Bonaparte? li rids us of an implacable enemy, and sugar is made out of the native cane. delivers him from a painful situation in which he of improvement is astonishingly rapid. would have remained forever.” “The assurances Colombia. The brig Tonante, of 18 guns and 51 men, given to us by the governor!" answered 1, “were not has been captured by the Spanish corvette Arethusa, of that nature." "The governor! the governor!!” and carried into St. Jago de Cuba. There are three “Your excellency docs not do him justice; he was a other Colombian vessels off Cuba, and two privatecrs. strict follower of his instructions." "If so, why did he not cause the body of Bonaparte to be thrown into lime; the idol would then have been completely

Republic of Mexico. destroyed, and we should bave the sooner done with We give below, from the National Journal, an auhim." His excellency had opened his mind without thorized translation of the report of the Mexican sereserve: 1 had nothing, more to say, and withdrew. cretary of state, on foreign relations. It is unneI now had the measure of ministerial antipathy. cessary, (adds the editor), to call the attention of our

(Last days of Napoleon. readers to this interesting paper-it is a document of

sufficient importance to command the attention of

all. The only remark we shall, at present, make France. The Journal des Debats mentions the arrival upon the subject, is the expression of the sincere at Toulon, of the corvette la Chevrette, from Alexan- pleasure we feel in the strong evidence it affords of dria, having on board an ancient monolithe temple, the friendly disposition of Mexico towards the people for the royal museum, of Egyptian red granite, which and government of the United States. weighs fourteen tons. The same vessel had brought Report by the secretary of state, to the congress of Mexico, twelve beautiful horses, of different breeds, and an

at the session of 1825. elephant, presents from the viceroy of Egypt to the

TTRANSLATION.) king of France, and four superb sheep from Nubia,

FOREIGN RELATIONS. for M. Ternaux.

The invasion of Spain by France, and its result, The last French papers state that the grand pro- drew the attention of all Europe to America. The ject of a ship canal, from Havre to Paris, is seriously new Spanish cabinet, cager to re-establish the emcontemplated by the French government. Rough pire of Spain over this section of the globe, soliestimates of the expense have been made, which cited the monarchs of Europe to assemble in convary in amount, from thirty-five to forty millions of gress, to consider our state, and decide upon our ollars. The canal is to be thirty feet deep. An destiny. It was also expected, that the necessary English capitalist is to furnish a million sterling to- aid would be thus obtained, to recruit the exhausted wards its construction. The project has been sanc- resources of the Peninsula. That the fear of reviytioned by the king.

ing the long established monopoly of Spain might not It is stated that the military establishment of deter commercial nations from acceding to this inviFrance amounts to three hundred and fifty thousand tation, the king of Spain granted, to all Hagş, the primen!

vilege of trading with the Americas, reserving to the Italy. A letter from Rome, of March Gth, says:- Spanish certain advantages. These pretensions of "The consort of the too famous prince de la Paix, the cabinet of Madrid are truly astonishing PreEmanuel Godoi, princess of the blood of the Bour- suming to the exercise of authority over a people bons, and cousin-german of Ferdinand VII. arrived, who, long since, denied the right, Špain desires to some time ago, in the Roman states. Much surprise assume the charge of government, while she secures was excited by seeing her join her husband, of to other nations its benefits. Were she to abandon whom she had serious cause of complaint during his the chimeric notion of subjecting us, the friendly reordipotence in Spain. Her rejoining this man, at lations which she might cultivate with us, would sca time when he passes an obscure and retired life, cure to her important advantages. and is loaded with public contempt, perhaps, does The Spanish government, by this system, has given honor to her character in the view of reflecting per- a new direction to European policy. England, in

The health of madam Letitia Bonaparte, Na- reply to the invitation of the minister of king Ferdipoleon's mother, is in a very unfavorable state; her nand, declined attending the proposed congress; and, fortune is great. Her sons, Louis, Lucien and Jc- in the papers presented by the English ministry to rome, occupy magnificent palaces; the two former the parliament, which were published, ske frankly cultivate the arts and letters. The princess of Wur- disclosed the liberal principles which were to guide temberg, Jerome's wise, has an attachment to the her conduct. Without refusing to recognize our inex-king, of which there are few examples in private dependence, England desired that Spain should first Jife."

take this important step, indicating, at the same time, A Paris paper contains the following article: that she would not long wait the shifting policy of the

"Signor Gulmini, formerly Maitre de Chapelle of cabinet of Madrid, and she openly deciared that she Pope Benedict 14th, died lately in the neighborhood could not suffer any power, or league of powers, to of Parma, aged 138 years. This is the first instance interfere with an armed force as the auxiliary of of a musician having reached that advanced age.” Spain, in the questions pending betwist her and her

Germany. An American mining company has been colonies. The resolution of the president of the formed at Elberfield, with a capital of 500,000 Prus- United States of America, announced in his message sian dollars. The seat of its operations is intended to the congress of 1923, was of a similar character; to be in Mexico, at the capital of which the agents and as France, about the same time, declared her arrived nearly a year ago; and the report made by friendly dispositions, there are well founded reasons them was so satisfactory, that the stock of the com- for believing that our independence will soon be re

sons.

cognized by the nations of Europe. This will great-circumstances bind them together, and cause the reJy contribute to the regular organization of the dif- verses and the prosperity of each to be felt by all. ferent governments of our continent, heretofore ad- They are disposed mutually to assist in the attain ministered provisionally, and to the full advantage ment of that which is their common object. of the late glorious events, which have forever pre To regulate our movements, and to organize these vented the restoration of Spanish dominion in Peru. combined forces, the Colombian government conThis flattering perspective, however, will not dimi-ceived the grand design of forming a general league nish the vigilance of the government, but, connecting of all the American states heretofore under the domidefensive preparations with pacific negotiations, we nion of Spain. Invitations for this purpose were will ever be ready to conclude honorable peace, or made to the governments, and treaties of alliance and repel hostile invasion.

confederation consequently formed. A treaty with This is, concisely, the state of foreign policy in this government was concluded on the 3d of October, relation to this republic; and the measures of the 1923, approved by the congress on 20 December, ingovernment have been adapted to circumstances. A stant, and ratified by the executive the same day. minister plenipotentiary was appointed to the govern- This was also approved by the congress of Colombia, ment of his Britannic majesty, as soon as its friend and ratified by the government; but its publication ly dispositions were known, who was also empowered has been deferred, because of its not having received to institute negotiations with all the European powers, a formal ratification. not excepting Spain; and, although the questions agi At the moment of our independence, the president tated have not been definitively settled, they are in of that republic appointed a minister plenipotentiary favorable progress. As our commercial relations near the provisional government which we had at that with Great Britain are constantly enlarging, and as time, who continues the exercise of his functions. the loans intimately affect our financial operations, the minister appointed, on the part of this governit was deemed proper to appoint a consul general to ment, to reside at Bogota, has been prevented from that kingdom, who was authorized to designate vice reaching his destination by various causes; but that consuls for the ports where commerce should require the important communications arising out of our intithem. He was particularly instructed in relation to mate relations might not be obstructed, the secretary the esercise of his delicate commission.

of the legation has been ordered to that court, lo The consul general appointed by his Britannic ma- exercise the office of charge de affaireş till the arrival jesty, and other consuls for the principal ports of (of the minister. the republic, have assumed the exercise of their The independence of the ancient kingdom of Guatafunctions; and their commissions have been acknow- mala, having been formally recognized, under the title ledged by otlicial exequators. The diplomatic agents of the United Provinces of Central America, by a defrom that government have been received and re- cree of the congress on the 25th of August of last year, garded with the consideration due to a nation which the minister plenipotentiary, deputed by that governwas the first among those of Europe to open relations ment, has been received as accredited to this court. of friendship and good correspondence with the re-It was determined to appoint immediately, a minister public. These will become more intimate with the of like character, to reside at the capital of the new iroquent and regular communications that have been republic. This has not yet been done, but may be established by means of packet-ships, which sail from expected in a short time. Liverpool every month, for the conveyance of de Among the provinces whose independence was respatches and correspondences. They will also be cognized under the preceding title, was not comprestrengthened by the impulse which this arrangement | hended that of Chiapas, which continued independent will give to trade, and by the multiplication of com on both nations. They have acknowledged the right mercial interests between the two nations. Our of this province to determine to which of the two recommercial intercourse with other nations has consi- publics, between which it lies, it would attach itseli. derable increased; and they now perceive how im- To have remained a long time in hesitancy would portant to all are the advantages of our independence. have been equally prejudicial to both; the govern

Hostile measures have been prosecuted against ment, therefore, to hasten a decision, agreeably ta Spain and her commerce; and, to obstruct supplies the instruction of the congress, and to give to the de. for her castle of San Juan de Ulua, a blockade of claration the character of the freedom and formality this fortress has been proclaimed, which has been proper for acts of this nature, used the frankest mese respected by the English vessels of war, anchored at sures, rejecting the most distant advantage of intethe isle of Sacrificios.

rest or influence, and invited Guatamala to do the The president of the republic has been desirous, same. This gave rise to a correspondence which was ever since his election, of despatching an agent to conducted with that candor and good faith that should Rome, to adjust religious concerns with his holiness. ever subsist between two friendly and neighboring naBut the causes that have hitherto prevented him, will tions; and which, if necessary, will be submitted to be made known in the memorial to be submitted by the congress. Chiapas, in the meanwhile, freely exthe secretary for justice and ecclesiastic affairs. ercising its right, solemnly resolved to unite itself to

The friendship that has subsisted with the United this republic, with the exception of some districts, States of America, since the declaration of indepen- and was admitted into the confederation, which has dence, has not been interrupted. That government the pleasure of witnessing an addition to the number appointed a ininister plenipotentiary to reside near of its states by one of those triumphs of opinion, when this court; and the failure of his arrival has had no uninfluenced by force. connection with the friendly relations that unite the Some movements of the Indians of New Mexico, two nations. Sir Don Pablo Obregon was sent by who lead an erratic life in separate tribes, and also this republic to that government with equal powers, of those who have made advances in civilization, and and, according to official communications, he has been are settled in different communities, have menaced received and recognized by the president at Wash that part of the republic. The imprisonment of the ington.

chiefs who excited the Opatas to insurrection, has The nature of the cause and the identity of inte-quieted these disturbances. It is due to the United rests, which belong to all the countries of America, States' authorities, to acknowledge their kind offices that have broken the yoke of Spain, connect them so of mediation in the range of their territory bordering closely, that, although separated, and acknowledging on that of New Mexico, in averting the evils and cadifferent centres of government, they may still be said lamities of a desolating warfare. To prevent the oclo compose a whole, of homogeneous parts. These currence of these hostile dispositions in future, the

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