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friend of humanity. His mild and interesting man- quently, in conversation with some of our most res. ners won the heart of every man that had the plea- pectable citizens, observed that he was an old man sure of an acquaintance with him; and, with his rich when he first came to Petersburg, and well recollects stores of learning, he was modest as a student. that at that time the most part of what is now the busi

Mrs. Anderson, lady of our minister at Bogota, the ness part of the town was considered as plantation capital of the republic of Colombia, is deceased. ground and grown over with trees. He and his wife

Godfrey Haga, esq. who lately died at Philadelphia, lived together about 70 or 75 years. The united ages left 53,000 dollars to different humane and charitable above are 522-—their average ages about 105. institutions, 50,500 dollars to several individuals, and the residue of his estate, valued at 200,000 dollars, to says-Yesterday morning a man appeared at our mara

Robins. A Petersburg, Va. paper, of the 15th ult. the society for propagating the gospel among the ket with a sack bag filled with Robins. He stated that heathens. His former charitable donations are sup on Saturday evening last, immense flocks of these posed to have amounted to $100,000. Besides, he birds appeared at the mouth of Appomattox river, and inade ample provision for his relatives. His great as night approached, alighting on the trees in the vifortune had been wholly acquired by his own indus- cinity, people were enabled, with the aid of torch try and care.

lights, to kill some thousands of them. The person, The U. S ship John Adams, capt. Dallas, bearing above mentioned, after ascending one tree, took the broad pendant of coin. Porter, has arrived at Nor- more than 700 with his own hands. folk-the com. being superseded in his command by

Seneca Indians. This little band of Indians, under capt. Warrington. The officers and crew of the ship are healthy, and she has not lost one person by di- the protection of the state, are in considerable trou

ble at the progress of learning and civilization, which, sease or accident during her cruise.

at different periods the state has been desirous of The United States' schooner Ferrett, lieut. com. affording them. Red Jacket, the chief, is a hard Bell, was lost about 20 miles west of Matanzas, by character. Not long ago he wrote a letter to governor being struck with a white squall and capsized. Lieut Clinton, complaining of the ministers, whom he decom. McKeever, of the Sea Gull, being informed signated as Black Coats. The following memorial, of the event, hastened to the wreck, and succeeded written by Red Jacket, was presented to the assemin saving all the officers and crew, except five men, bly.

(N. York Nat. Ad. who were drowned-soon after which the vessel went down.

To the gorernor of the council fire at Albany. Com. Rolgers. The mayor and citizens of Norfolk

Brother-About three years ago, our friends of recently gave a splendid public dinner to the vete- the great couscil fire at Albany, wrote down in their ran chief of the navy; and, in turn, the mayor and book that the priests of white people should go

told their officers to other public authorities, and many of the citizens, longer reside on our lands, an dined with him on board of his ship, the North Caro- move them off whenever we complained. This was lina.

to us good news, and made our hearts glad. These Com. Hull. By way of Carthagena, we learn that priests had a long time troubled us, and made us bad the frigate United Stales, oommodore Hall, and ship friends and bad neighbors. After much difficulty Peacock, lieut. com. Kennon, were at Callao, on the we removed them from our lands; and for a short 23d of December last; at which place also the Dol- time have been quiet, and our minds easy. But we

are now told that the priests have asked liberty to phin was immediately expected. Officers and all well.

return; and that our īriends of the great councit

fire are about to blot from their book the law which Mr. Owen, of New Lanark, during the last week, they made, and leave their poor red-brethren once delivered, in the hall of the house of representatives, more a prey to hungry priests. a lecture on his system for the improvement of society. The auditors were very numerous and respec- good. They deceive every body. They deny the

Brother, listen to wbat we say, these men do us no table.

Massachusetts. Both of the political parties in this Great Spirit, which we, and our fathers before us, state, have resolved to support Levi Lincoin, for the have looked upon as our creator. They disturb us office of governor, and Marcus Morton, for that of in our worship; tell our children they must not belieutenant governor, of that commonwealth, at the lieve like our fathers and mothers, and they tell ensuing election. 'They are of the "republican

us many things that we do not understand and school."

cannot believe; they tell us we must be like white Rochester, N. Y. has a population of 4274-in 1822, people--but they are lazy and wont work, nor do it was 2700; and 8 or 10 years before, the site of the they teach our young men to do so. The habits of village was a part of the wilderness.

our women are worse than they were before these Longerily. The Petersburg (Va.) Intelligencer says men came amongst us: and our young men drink --The following deaths have occurred at the poor- more whiskey: ive are willing to be taught to read house during the last two months, and the facts which and write, and work, but not by people who have they disclose ought to be sufficient to correct the er

done us so much injury. Brother, we wish you to roncous impressions that many abroad have enter- ay before the council fire the wishes of your red tained as the unhealthiness of the town of Petersburg. which has made us peaceable and happy, and not to

brethren. We ask our brothers not to blot out the law Sarah Carter, aged

112

years, white. John Cary,

110 do. colored.

force a strange religion upon us, We ask to be let Lydia, his wife,

105 do. do.

alone, and, like the white people, to worship the great Ann Millery,

95 do. do.

spirit as we think it best. We shall then be happy in Betty Bell,

100 do. do.

filling the little space in life which is left us, and shall

go down to our fathers in peace. Total,

Signed by Red Jacket, Green Blanket, Big Kettle, A colored person, oame not recollected, about 90 Robert Bob, Twenty Canoes, Sen. Twenty Canoes, or 95; and other instances of the death of persons Jr. Captain Snow, Two Guns, Doxtator, Barefont, of advancol age, have occurred within a few years Broadhea-I, Chief Warrior, Black Chief, Corn Planpast, but we have no data to enable us to be minute ter, Elk Hunter, Bear Hunter, Fish Hook, John Sky, in the statement of particulars. John Cary has fre. Blue Sky, Hot Bread, Black Svake, &c.

crews

522

PRINTED BY TVILLIAN OGDEN NILES, AT TIIE FRANKLIN PRESS, WATER-STREET, EAST OF SOUTH-STREET.

THIRD SERIES.

No. 2-Vol. IV.)

BALTIMORE, MARCH 12, 1825.

(Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE NO. 704

THE PAST THE PRESENT-FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

OPThe present is, indeed, a season fruitful in Mr. Noble, of Indiana, who came in after the vote interesting matter; and, whether for instant reading was taken, we understand, requested permission to or future use, perhaps it never has been our good for- bave his vote recorded in the affirmative; but the senate tune to issue a number that more extensively fulfilled decided it not to be in order.* the design of the REGISTER than this; and, if we had Mr. Barbour, of Virginia, and Mr. Johnson, of Kenhad three times sixteen pages at command, the whole tucky, were absent. of them might have been occupied: but the omitted Four states, viz: New Hampshire, Connecticut, New articles are generally such that their interest will not York and Alabama, have but one member in the scbe diminished by a little delay.

nate at present.

of the eighteen votes from the nine western states, THE NEW PRESIDENT. We had the pleasure, in the five only, (two from Tennessee, two from Mississippi, last REGISTER, promptly to lay before our readers the and one from Illinois), were given against Mr. Clay. inaugural address of Mr. Adams. It is before the (Messrs. Clay and Barbour entered upon the disnation, and the people will pronounce their judgment charge of their duties, in the departments of state upon it. We think it may be successfully compared and of war, on the 9th instant.] with that of either of his illustrious predecessors; and it presents to us a distinct view of the great features with which he designs to mark the course of his ad

NAVAL PROMOTIONS. The following is a list of proministration. In another page will be found an ac- motions in the navy, confirmed by the senate of the sount of the inauguration.

United States last week, viz:

To be caplains Robert Henley, Stephen Cassin, IMPORTANT APPOINTMENTS by the president and senate: James Renshaw, Thomas Brown, Charles C. B.

Henry Clay, of Kentucky, to be secretary of state. Thompson, Alexander S. Wadsworth, George W.

Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania, secretary of the Rodgers, George C. Read, Henry E. Ballard. treasury.

To be masters commandant-Lawrence Kearney, James Barbour, of Virginia, secretary of war.

Foxall A. Parker, Edward R. McCall, Daniel Turner, Aler. H. Everett, of Mass. minister to Spain.

David Conner, John Gallagher, Thomas H. Stevens. Joel R. Poinsett, of South Carolina, (and a representative in congress), to be minister to Mexico. SLAVE TRADE CONTENTION. The most important

Mr. Sonthard remains secretary of the nary and decision made by the senate yesterday, we presuma, Mr. Wirt attorney general. Mr. S. will be acting se- was the rejection of the convention lately formed cretary of the treasury until the arrival of Mr. Rush. with the government of Colombia, in relation to the Mr. Crawford resigned the place on the 3rd instant, African slave trade. The injunction of secrecy though it is understood that a continuance in it was having been removed by the senate, from that part tendered to him by Mr. Adams.

of their proceedings which relates to this convention, Lieut. col. Roger Jones has been appointed adju- we shall be enabled to give a full account of them. tant general of the army of the United States. This At present, we can only state, that, the first article office had been vacant three years, and its duties were of the treaty, (giving the mutual right of search, on discharged, for the time being, by major C. J. Nourse. the seas and coasts of Africa and the West Indies),

(A list of other appointments made shall be insert- was stricken out by a vote of 28 to 12, as follows: ed in our next.]

For the article: Messrs. Barton,Benton, Chase, Clay

ton, Edwards, Findlay, Harrison, Jackson, Knight, The senate yesterday, (says the National Journal Mills, Seymour, Van Dyke-12. of the 9th instant), removed the injunction of secrecy

Aagainst the article: Messrs. Bell, Berrian, Boufrom so much of their proceedings as relates to the ligny, Branch, Chandler, Cobb, D'Wolf, Dickerson, question taken on confirming the nomination of Mr. Eaton, Gaillard, Hayne, Hendricks, Holmes, of Me. CLAY to the office of secretary of state; and, on a re- Holmes, of Miss. Johnston, of Louisiana, Kane, King, ference to the executive journal, we find the vote of Alabama, Lloyd, of Maryland, Lloyd, of Massathere recorded to be twenty-seven in favor of con- chusetts, Macon, Noble, Rowan, Ruggles, Smith, firming, and fourteen opposed to it.

Tazewell, Thomas, Van Buren, Williams---23. On the question, “Will the senate advise and con The treaty was then rejected, nem. con. sent to the appointment of Henry Clay?"

[.Nat. Int. March 10. Those who voted in the affirmative, were--Messrs. Barton, of Missouri, Johnston, of Louisiana,

*Mr. Noble has published a note setting forth the Bell, of New llampshire, Kwe, of Minois,

cause of his momentary absence from the chamber, Benton, of Mimoori,

King, of Alabama, Houligny, of Louisiana, Knight, of Rhode Island,

of the senate, and adds—"Upon returning to the seChandler, of Maine,

Lloyd, of
Maryland,

nate, and in a very short time, the vote bad been Chase, of Vermont, Lloyd, of Massachusetts,

taken, and the result declared. I applied to the seClayton, of Delaware, Mills, of Massachusetts, D'Wolf of Rhode Island, Rowan, of Kentucky,

nate to vote; and the members were willing that I Dickerson, of New Jersey, Ruggles, of Ohio,

should, but for a rule of the senate, forbidding that, Edwards, of Connecticut, Seymour, of Vermont,

after the result was declared no member should vote. Gailard,' of South Carolina, Sinith, of Maryland, Harrison, of Ohio, Van Buren, of New York,

I stated to the senate, then in secret session, that if Hendricks, of Indiana, Van Dyke, of Delaware_27. I had been present, and as I now declare, that I wowd Holmes, of Maine,

have given my vote in favor of the confirmation of Those who voted in the negative, were-Messrs. the nomination of Mr. Clay. In giving my vote, I Berrian, of Georgia,

Jackson, of Tennessee, Branch. of North Carolina,

should have been governed by two considerations: Mellvaine, of New Jersey, Cobb, of Georgia,

Macon, of North Carolina, First, his distinguished talents; and, secondly, that I Eaton, of Tennessee,

Marks, of Pennsylvania, would not oppose an administration, at the very comFindlay, of Pennsylvania, Tazewell, of Virginia, Hayne, of South Carolina, Thomas, of Illinois,

mencement, for party purposes. I impute no such Holmes, of Mississippi, Williams, of Mississippi -14. motives to others."

VOL. XXVIII.

1

FOREIGN NEWS.

GEORGIA.. The following letter from the United (those who are sober and discreet will be greatly States' commissioners to governor Troup, dated In- ameliorated, at an early day. dian Springs, Feb. 13, 1825, so far determines a matter of great interest and feeling to the people of Georgia:

Sır: Your express has this moment reached us Lonilon, February 3. This day parliament assemand delivered your communication, covering the pro- bled for the despatch of business, and, as the state of ceedings of congress, upon the Indian question. We his majesty's health was not such as rendered it adare happy to inform you that the "long agony is visable for him to undergo the fatigue of opening the over,” and that we concluded a treaty, yesterday, with session in person, the royal speech tvas delivered by what we consider the nation, for nearly the whole the lords commissioners, appointed for that purpose. country. We enclose you a copy. also despatches for The lords commissioners took their seats on the the government. These last are addressed to your woolsack at half past two, when the house of comcare, to secure their certain transmission by to-mor- mons being summoned to attend, the speaker, accomrow's mail. The original treaty will be conveyed by panied by a great many members, appeared below our secretary to Wasirington city by the stage leaving the bar. Wilkes on Thursday next. We are still in time for The lord chancellor having read the commission ratification by the present senate, and beg to offer by which their lordships were appointed to represent you our sincere congratulations upon the more than his majesty on the occasion, the noble and learned successful issue of a negotiation, in which you have lord then proceeded to deliver the following speech: been an ardent co-worker.

“My lords and gentlemen: We are commanded by With great consideration and respect,

his majesty to express to you the gratification which (Signed)

DUNCAN G. CAMPBELI., his majesty derives from the continuance and pro

JAMES MERRIWETHER. gressive increase of that public prosperity upon which This excellency C. M. Troup.

his majesty congratulated you at the opening of the last The land ceded to the state of Georgia, by this session of parliament. treaty, is said to embrace all the territory within the There vever was a period in the history of this limits of Georgia, belonging to the Creeks. The country, when all the great interests of the nation quantity of land is believed to be between four and were, at the same time, in so thriving a condition, or five millions of acres, one-third of which is stated to when a feeling of content and satisfaction was more be good land. The price given is $400,000, and an widely diffused throughout all classes of the British equad quantity of land west of the Mississippi, to people. which the Indians are to remove in eighteen months. It is no small addition to the gratification of his

(Repub. majesty, that Ireland is participating in the general [The treaty above alluded to, being promptly laid prosperity. before the serrate of the United States, has been duly The outrages, for the suppression of which extraratified.)

ordinary powers were confided to his majesty, have

so far ceased, as to warrant the suspension of the exNew York. The decree of the chancellor, on re-ercise of those powers in most of the districts heretofusing an injunction to prevent the steam boat Olive fore disturbed. Branch from navigating the Hudson river, has been Industry and commercial enterprise are extending ailirmed by the senate and the judges, sitting as a themselves in that part of the united kingdom. court of errors. Particulars hereafter.

It is, therefore, more to be regretted, that associa

tions should exist in Ireland, which have adopted proTHE NEW REPUBLICs. The British king's speech, (see ceedings irreconcileable with the spirit of the constiDext column), renders the course which the govern- lution, and calculated, by exciting alarm and by exment of that country has resolved to pursue, in re- asperating animosities, to endanger the peace of sospect to the new American republics, no longer doubt ciety, and retard the course nalional improvement. . ful. We have on hand a considerable quantity of His majesty relies upon your wisdom to consider, interesting items of foreign news, which are excluded without delay, the means of applying a remedy to this for the want of room There is no matter in them, evil. however, that is immediately important.

His majesty further recommends to you, the renew

al of the inquiries, instituted last session, into the A CROWN REFUSED. The New York Mercantile state of Ireland. Advertiser says it has learned, from a respectable His majesty has seen, with regret, the interruption source, that, since the liberator Bolivar arrived in of tranquility in India, by the unprovoked aggression Peru, a deputation from the kings of France and and extravagant pretensions of the Burmese governSpain has waited upon him, with an invitation to as- ment, which rendered hostile operations, against that sume the supreme command in South America, and state, unavoidable. 10 put on a crown-those powers promising to sup It is, however, satisfactory to find that none of the port him in such a measure, and probably pledging other native powers have manifested any unfriendly the aid of all the governments composing the holy disposition, and that the bravery and conduct disallince. It is needless to add, that the proposition played by the forces, already employed against the " as treated in a manner worthy of Bolivar. He sent enemy, afford the most favorable prospect of a it to the congress of Colombia-and, through that successful termination of the contest. body, it is hoped the world will be informed of the Gentlemen of the house of commons-His majesty has particulars.

directed us to inform you, that the estimates of the Waru. The accounts which we have seen from

year will be, forthwith, laid before you.

The state of his majesty's Indian possessions, and the free people of color who left the United States circumstances connected with other parts of his mato settle in Knyti, are very satisfactory. The govern- jesty's foreign dominions, will render some augmen'ment appears to have realized every promise made tation, in his military establishment, indispensable. by Mr. Granville, and about 270 of the emigrants are His majesty, however, has the sincere gratificalocated at Samano, where land has been given to tion of believing, that, notwithstanding the increase them, on which some are already at work to inprove, of expense, arising out of this augmentation, such is and are much encouraged to be industrious. The the fourishing condition, and progressive improvemechanics scein to do excellently well in the towus; ment of the revenue, that it will still be in your . and there is every prospect that the condition of power, without affecting public credit, to give audio

before you.

tional facilities to the national industry, and to make of the 1st and 20 legion, received the PRESIDENT at his a further reduction in the burthens of his people. residence, with his predecessor, and several officers

My lords and gentlemen-His majesty commands us of the government. The cavalry led the way, and to inform you, that his majesty continues to receive the procession moved in very handsome array, with from his allies, and, generally, from all princes and the music of the several corps, to the capitol, attendstates, assurances of their unabated desire to mained by thousands of citizens. The president was attain and cultivate the relations of peace with his ma- tended on horseback by the marshal, with his assistjesty, and with each other, and that it is his majesty's ants for the day, distinguished by blue badges, &c. constant endeavor to preserve the general tranquility: On arriving at the capitol, the president, with his es

The negotiations which have been so long carried cort, was received by the marine corps, under the on, through his majesty's abassador at Constantino- command of colonel Henderson, stationed in line in ple, between the emperor of Russia and the Ottoman front of the capitol, whose excellent band of music Porte, have been brought to an amicable issue. saluted the presidents on their entrance into the capi.

His majesty has directed to be laid before you, tol. copies of arrangements which have been entered into Within the ball, the sofas between the columns, the with the kingdoms of Denmark and Hanover, for im- entire space of the circular lobby without, the bar, proving the commercial intercourse between those the spacious promenade in the rear of the speaker's states and the united kingdom.

chair, and the three outer rows of the member's A treaty, having for its object the more effectual seats, were all occupied with a splendid array of suppression of the slave trade, bas been concluded beauty and fashion. On the left, the diplomatic between his majesty and the king of Sweden; a copy corps, in the costume of their respective courts, ocof which treaty, as soon as the ratification shall have cupied the places assigned them, on the innermost been exchanged, his majesty will direct to be laid range of seats, immediately before the steps which

lead to the chair. The officers of our own army and Some difficulties have arisen with respect to the navy were seen dispersed among the groups of ladies, ratification of the treaty for the same object, which exhibiting that most appropriate and interesting of was negotiated last year between his majesty and the associations, valor guarding beauty. Chairs were United

States of America. These difficulties, how- placed in front of the clerk's table, on the semicircle ever, his majesty trusts, will not finally impede the within the member's seats, for the judges of the suconclusion of so beneficial an arrangement.

preme court. The hour of twelve arrived, and exIn conformity to the declarations which have been pectation was on tiptoe-the march of the troops, anrepeatedly made in his majesty's name, his majesty nounced by the band of the marine corps, was heard has taken measures for confirming, by treaties, the without, and many a waiving plume and graceful commercial relations already subsisting between this head within beat time to the martial sounds. The kingdom and those countries of America which ap- galleries, though filled to overflowing, were remarkapear to have established their separation from Spain. ble for the stillness and decorum which, (with a very So soon as those treaties shall be completed, his ma- few exceptions), prevailed. jesty will direct copies of them to be laid before you. At twenty minutes past twelve, the marshals made

His majesty commands us not to conclude without their appearance in blue scarves, succeeded by the congratulating you upon the continued improvement officers of both houses of congress, who introduced in the state of the agricultural interest, the solid the president elect. He was followed by the venerfoundation of our national prosperity: nor without able ex-president and family, by the judges of the informing you, that evident advantage has been de supreme court, in their robes of office, and the memrived from the relief which you have recently given bers of the senate, preceded by the vice-president, to commerce by the removal of inconvenient restric- with a number of members of the house of repretions.

sentatives. Mr. Adams, in a plain suit of black, His majesty recommends to you to persevere, (as cended the steps to the speaker's chair, and took his circumstance may allow), in the removal of similar seat. The chief justice was placed in front of the restrictions and his majesty directs us to assure you clerk's table, having before him another table, on that you may rely upon his majesty's cordial co-ope- the floor of the hall, on the opposite side of which gat ration in fostering and extending that commerce, the remaining judges, with their faces towards the which, whilst it is, under the blessing of Providence, chair. Silence having been proclaimed, and the a main source of strength and power to this country, doors of the hall closed, Mr. Adams rose and read, contributes, in no less degree, to the happiness and with a clear and deliberate articulation, the address. civilization of mankind.”

The time occupied by the delivery of this address, was about forty minutes. As soon as the last sen

tence was pronounced, a general plaudit, commencThe Inauguration.

ing in the galleries, but extending, in a degree, FROM THE NATIONAL INTELLIGENCER, OF MARCH 3. throughout the whole assembly, continued for some

At an early hour, yesterday morning, the avenues minutes. The president elect then deseended from to the capitol presented a lively and animated scene. the chair, and placing himself on the right hand of Groups of citizens, hastening to the great theatre of the judges' table, received, from the chief justice, a expectation, were to be seen in all directions; car- volume of the laws of the United States, from which riages were rolling to and fro, and ever and anon the he read, in a loud and clear voice, the oath of office: sound of the drum and trumpet, at a distance, gave at the close of which, the plaudits were repeated, notice that the military were in motion and repair-mingled with cheers from the spectators who filled ing to their different parade grounds. The crowd, the galleries, and immediately followed by the disat the doors of the capitol, began to accumulate charge of a salute of artillery. about nine o'clock, and, although ladies were allow The congratulations which then poured in from ed the privilege of their sex in being admitted to every side, occupied the hands, and could not but seats reserved for them in the lobbies of the house of reach the heart of the president The meeting berepresentatives, they had to attain the envied station tween him and his venerated predecessor had in it at no small sacrifice, and the gentlemen who led and something peculiarly affecting. General Jackson, we guarded them were obliged, in some instances, al- were pleased to observe, was among the earliest mnost literally to fight their way to the doors.

of those who took the hand of the president, and Towards 12 o'clock, the military, consisting of ge- their looks and deportment toward each other were a Deral and staff officers and the volunteer companies rebuke to that littleness of party spirit, wbich can

see no merit in a rival, and feel no joy in the honor and noble conduct of its distinguished author, that of a competitor. Shortly after one o'clock, the pro- cannot forbear soliciting its publication in your valucession commenced leaving the hall; but it was near-able paper. ly an hour before the clustering groups which had This letter will be read with the deepest interest boy crowed every seat and avenue completely retired. the American people. It breathes the language of the

The president was then escorted back as he came, purest patriotism, of the most perfect devotion to the and, on his arrival at his residence, received the rights, the interests, and the republican institutions of compliments and respects of a great number of gen- our country. It is a manly, temperate, but convincing tlemen and ladies who called upon him, who also ge- vindication of the character and public services of nerally paid their respects at the mansion occupied one of the greatest men and purest patriots that this, by the ex-president.

or any other country, has ever produced. of the several inaugurations which we have seen, The PEOPLE are the sovereigns of this country. that of yesterday was inost nearly approached by the They have established, by their blood and treasure, second' inauguration of Mr. Madison, as president of a government founded in knowledge and virtue, which the United States.

has for its basis the representative systeni. How far So far the "Intelligencer." The following general Jackson, in his public career, has acknowparagraphs, from the National Journal," furnish ledged and respected its maxims and principles, let some other matters worthy of note

the actions of his past life, and his pure and unsullied "At an early hour yesterday morning, our city pre-conduct, during the recent election, testisy. sented an unusual scene of bustle. There had been a If the people are interested in whatever relates to great influx of strangers in the course of Thursday, in the conduct of their civil rulers, they are equally conorder to witness a scene, the entire grandeur of cerned for the reputation of one of their brightest which consists in its simplicity, and the variety ornaments in war-one of their strongest advocates of associations to which it naturally gives birth. in peace. One, who has never drawn bis sword but Whatever of splendor belongs to it is entirely intrin- to add laurels to his country, nor his pen but to illussic; there is no external show, no borrowed grandeur, i trate the value of her happy institutions. none of the tinsling, nor glitter, nor circumstance of

SAM'L SWARTIFOUT. artificial pomp; yet its effect throws into the deepest shade the most magnificent spectacles which are de

(cory.] pendent only on their gorgeousness for the interest

Washington City, 23d February, 1825. which they create."

MY DEAR SIR-Yesterday I received your commu"By 12 o'clock, the hall was completely thronged, nication, adverting to the reasons and defence, preevery avenue to the chair being crowded so as to sented by Mr. Clay to Judge Brook, why duty and reproduce the greatest personal inconvenience to the flection imposed upon him the necessity of standing individuals by whom they were filled. About that in opposition to me, because of my being, as he is time, the sound of military music announced the ap- pleased to style me, a "military chieftain." I had seen proach to the capitol of the procession by which the the letter before, and when it first appeared, I did president and president elect were escorted; and, in entertain the opinion that some notice of it might, a few minutes afterwards, the doors were thrown perhaps, be necessary-for the reason that the expresopen, and thie procession entered the hall of the repre sion seemed to convey with it, the appearance of persentatives. The rush at this moment was tremen-sonality, more than any thing else; and could the opidous, and the doors were, for security, closed so ra- nien be at all entertained, that it could meet the obpidly, as to exclude many of the senators, representa-ject which was, doubtless, intended, to prejudice me fives and citizens, who had remained in the senate." in the estimation of my countrymen, I might yet con

“On this interesting occasion, Mr. Adams acquitted sider some notice of it necessary-such a belief, howhimself so as to command the respect of all. Clothed ever, I cannot entertain without insulting the generin a complete suit of domestic manufactures, his ap- ous testimonial with which I have been honored by pearance was such as the imagination would con- | ninety-nine electors of the people. ceive of the chief magistrate of a republic, just begin I am well aware that this term "military chieftain" ning to feel the extent of its own resources, and the has, for some time past, been a cant phrase with Mr. importance of its own character. In the delivery of Clay, and certain of his friends; but the vote with his address he was visibly and considerably agitated; which I have been honored by the people, is enough while the emphatic distinctness and propriety of his to satisfy me that the prejudice which was thereby manner, produced a powerful effect upon his auditors. sought to be produced, has availed but little. This is His compliment to the wise administration of Mr. sufficient for me--I entertain a deep and heartfelt Monroe wag as just as it was eloquent. That virtu- gratitude to my country for the confidence which she ous citizen retires from his high office followed by has manifested towards me, leaving to prejudiced the love and gratitude of a nation, to whose prosperity minds whatever they can make of the epithei “milihe has so greatly contributed. The mantle of his tary chieftain,” wisdom will fall on his successor: and may he also It is for ingenuity greater than mine to conceive fulfil the high duties of this important station so as, what idea was intended to be conveyed by the term. like him, to promote the public good; and, like him, It is very true, that, early in life, even in the days of to mcrit and receive the public gratitude!":

my boyhood, I contributed my mite to shake off the 10 There was an "inauguration ball”in the even-yoke of tyranny, and to build up the fabric of frec ing--a very splendid affair, and very numerously at-government. And when lately our country was intended. Among those present were the president and volved in war, bearing then the commission of mavice president, the ex-president, Mr. Monroe, a num jor general of militia in Tennessee, I made an apber of the foreign ministers, with many of our own peal to the patriotism of the citizens of the west, when civil, inilitary and naval oflicers,

3000 went with me to the field to support her eagles.

If this constitutes me a "military chicitain," I am one. Letter from General Jackson.

Aided by the patriotism of the western people and an indulgent Providence, it was my good fortune to pro

tect our frontier border from the savages, and sucSIR-The following letter was received by me, a cessfully to defend an important and vulnerable point few days since, and, although a private cominunica- of our union. Our lives were risked, privations en1000, aud not intended for the public eye, yet it con- dured, and sacrifices made-and, if Mr. Clay pleases, taias so just an exposition of the enlightened tiers ! martial law declared--not with any view of personal

TO THE EDITOR OF TIIEN, Y. NATIONAL ADVOCATE,

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