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of the order from the navy department, the disobe- Igreat perseverance and exertions, the facts were, one dience to which constituted the alleged disrespect to by one, brought to light, and the forgeries and perjuhis superior officer, stated in the specification. Nei- ries made clear as day. The trial, at this circuit, ther the order, nor its specific purport, nor the fact commenced with about sixty witnesses attending in that its existence was known to the accused, were in court in behalf of the people, collected from four or evidence before the court.

five different states. The trial occupied nearly two In the judicial administration of all criminal law, days. The jury then retired, after a clear and lucid it is a rule that every penal sentence must rest upon charge from judge Walworth, and, in a short time, the coincidence of the allegations with the proofs of returned with a verdict, guilty. The consequence charge. The specification of the fourth charge in will be, that this depredator on the rights of others, this case is, that the accused, falsely and maliciously, will be deprived of his iniquitous gain; and the horepresented to some officers or other persons, at nest purchasers, of a valuable tract of land, will be Point Comfort, that his commanding officer had col- restored to the homes from which they had been forlared a lieutenant, or that it was currently reported cibly expelled. on board the North Carolina, that he had collared a Jones has a family, and is now past the middle age. sailing master and cursed a midshipman. The court During the trial, as his wickedness was, step by step, expressly exclude the word “maliciously” from disclosed, he appeared unconcerned, and assumed a their finding, and it was in full evidence before them, look of the most hardened effrontery. When his senthat the report, which the accused is charged with tence was passed, he manifested feelings better comhaving asserted at Point Comfort to have been in cir- porting with his situation, and seemed weighed down culation on board the North Carolina, had, whether with all the agony of a guilty conscience. correctly or not, been so in circulation. The falschood and malice, alleged in the specification, are both GREAT INVENTION. Mr. Jos. Bell is building in this excluded from the charge as proved; the falsehood, town, a boat which he intends to propel by lever powby the evidence before the court, the malice, by the er. It is now nearly completed, and he expects to finding of the court, and with them disappears all the put it in operation in the course of the ensuing week. penal matter of the charge. The facts were not The machinery is very simple, and the manual force proved as alleged, and the sentence of the court is, required to work it, will not exceed that of four pertherefore, disapproved. This decision is not intend- sons: Mr. Bell is perfectly confident that this ated to convey the opinion that the conduct of midship- tempt of his to apply the lever power to boats, with man Van Dyke was correct. The avowal that he had great advantage, will be successful, and that he can written to the secretary of the navy, and to members propel them with much greater rapidity than is done of congress, with a view to be removed from the by steam. No person has ever yet succeeded in makship, made apparently in a spirit of defiance, was dis-ing this application, although there can be no doubt respectful to the commanding officer, and, although of the correctness of the principle. Should Nr. Beli Dot sufficiently aggravated for dismission from the effect his object, it will be one of the greatest service, deserves to be severely reproved.

achievements of the present age, and will cntirely (Signed)

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. explode the use of steam boats, as the labor and ex

pense, to put boats on his plan into operation, are inSINGULAR CASE OF FORGERY. From the Rochester (N. Enitely less, and the advantages derived from the Y.) Telegraph—The case of Samuel Jones, who was power and lightness of the machinery, much greater. tried and convicted of forgery, at the late circuit court, Mr. Bell is a plain, unlearned, but by no means vi&c. held in the county of Monroe, judge Walworth sionary man, and those persons who have examined presiding, excited very general interest, as the title his machinery, and are capable of judging, think of a valuable tract of land was depending on the is- highly of it. We presume we shall hereafter have sue of the trial. He was convicted and sentenced to occasion to recur to this subject. the state prison for life. Counsel for the people,

Cheraw, (S. C.), Intol. Messrs. Matthews, (district attorney), Chapin and Hosmer; for the prisoner, Messrs. Lee, Marvin and BANKRUPT LAW. As the subject of a general bankDickson.

rupt law, which has been for several years under The trial disciosed as bold, and, for a time, as suc- the consideration of congress, may be soon expected cessful a piece of villany, as can be found in the an- | to be seriously taken up by that body, we would renals of forgery. In the year 1814, Jones came from commend the following article, from an English paMassachusetts to reside in this vicinity. Being poor, per, to the perusal of those more immediately engaged he engaged as a hired laborer. In the family where in framing the law: it may, probably, furnish them he resided, he made accidental discoveries of the with some useful hints: tenure of title by which 1,000 acres of valuable land German bankrupts. The following severe and novel in Brighton was held, and conceived the project of regulations for the punishment of bankruptcy, have possessing himself of this land, by forging a chain of been adopted at Gera, in Upper Saxony. A banktitles from the original grantor to his father. He was rupt, who has been unable to satisfy the claims of all ignorant and illiterate, but the resources of his mind his creditors, either by his misfortunes or by enterwere considerable. By a train of operations he had prises, the failure of which could not be expected on so far effected his purpose, that, in the year 1821, he probable grounds, is not to be punished, even when commenced an ejectment suit of dispossession of the an actual bankruptcy is prevented by a general comsettlers of this tract. While this suit was pending, position, unless there be fraud in the composition. he went to Ohio, and, with the aid of other accom- But bankrupts who are convicted of- ist, frauduplices, there manufactured a deed for the 1,000 acres, lence; 2d, imprudence or rashness; 3d, negligence, bearing date in 1790. This deed was presented at shall he punished, according to the degree of their the circuit court, held at Rochester by judge Platt, in guilt, with confinement in the house of correction; in 1822, and was so fully supported, by perjured wit- the first case, from four to eight years; in the second, nessés, that it prevailed. Jones removed and turned from one to four years; in the third, from one to out of possession the honest purchaser and occupant twelve months. They are never to trade again; and of 200 aeres, being a part of the tract. He then, by if they avoid their punishment by sight, their names other suits and negotiations, obtained possession of are to be posted on the pillory. If the wife of a the whole premises, comprised in his forged deed, fraudulent bankrupt has participated in the transwhich he occupied for more than a year. But here gressions of her husband, she loses her own separate Providence interposed to disclose his villany. By property, which falls to the creditors, and she is lia

900

200

ble to be confined in the house of correction for half which had taken on the coast a French slave vessel the time to which her husband is sentenced. If the with about 370 şlaves. bankruptcy has been caused by excessive expenditure and extravagance, with the participation of his Mexico. The following tables have been taken wife, or by her means, she is placed on the same foot from the report of Don PABLO LLAVE, secretary for ing as other creditors, and loses all the privileges of justice and ecclesiastic affairs, to the congress of her separate property. All donations made by the 1825. husband to the wife during the time of their mar Places, with their salaries, in the office of secreriage, and all purchases made with the husband's tary for justice and ecclesiastic affairs: money in the wife's name, are, when the insolvency Secretary

$6,000 of the husband is proved ipso jure, so far null and Chief clerk

4,000 void; and the things so given or purchased, which are Second do.

3,000 still in existence, with the exception only of the ne First under-clerk

2,500 cessary clothing, linen, and beds, shall be added to Second do..

2,000 the estate. (.N. Y. Ere. Post. Third do.

1,000 Fourth do..

1,000 BRITISH REVENUE. London, April 7-The official Fifth do.

1,000 returns for the year, ending the 5th, have just been Sixth do.

1,000 published--from which it appears that the total re

Seventh do. ceipts amount to 1.49,122,152. The receipts for the Eighth do.

600 year 1824, were 1.50,812,672. The revenue for the Keeper of archives

1,000 quarter ending April 5, 1825, is l.10,512,567-that of First clerk of archives.

600 the corresponding quarter in 1824, was 1.11,936,507.

Second do.

600 From this it appears that the receipts for the three

Four clerks at $400

1,600 months just ended, present an apparent deficiency, Messenger

600 with respect to the corresponding quarter last year,

Porter-boy of l.1,423,940; but, it must be recollected that, in the Two orderlies

120 first quarter of 1824, there is included a re-payment by Austria, of 11,733,333; the effective revenue of that

$27,720 quarter is, therefore, only l.10,203,174 or 1.309,393 Bishoprics, with the number of their ecclesiastics less than that of 1825. This increase is more than a and parishes: million and a quarter on the year, which, added to Bishoprics. No. ecclesiastics. Parishes. the reduction of a million and a half of taxes, shows Mexico

241 that our revenue has increased nearly three millions. Guadalojara 553

135 For the quarter ending the 5th instant, compared

Puebla

953

240 with the corresponding quarter last year, the increase

Valladolid of import duties is 189,659; excise, 1.179,093; stamps, Oajaca

283

124 49,023; post office, 1.31,000, and other branches of Yucatan

309

93 revenue 1.16,614.

Monterrey

07 In comparing one year with another, without tak Durango ing into consideration the re-payment by Austria, in

Sonora

65

67 1824, of 1.2,500,000, it appears that the actual reve Chiapa

100

38 nue of the present year exceeds that of the last by Correct information has not been obtained as to the sum of 1.809,480. The increase of excise duties those loft blank. alone is 1.1,595,813; that of stamps, 1.347,557, and List of benefices in some bishoprics, and their post office, 1.62,000.

amount of revenue, which are held by persons reThe diminution in import duties is only 1.155,180. siding in Spain, but which have been ordered not to This difference is insignificant, since we must take be paid, but to be deposited with the tribunal of the into consideration the repeal of the duties on wool, benefices. silk, &c. which amount to mare than a million.- Bishoprics. Benefices. Rerenue, There is, therefore, an actual increase of duties on

Qajaca

$9,000 imports.

Mexico

139

355,471 Such a result sufficiently proves the extent of our

Puebla

17

65,800 commerce and prosperity of the country, particularly as the augmentation of revenue occurs at a time of

$429,271 relief from public burdens.

Besides these, there are some benefices of this pa

ture in Durango and Valladolid, but the number and British East Indies. Mr. Hume, in a speech on amount are not known, Indian affairs, delivered in the British house of com Colleges de propaganda fide in the republic of Mexiions on the 24th March,' mentioned that a census of co, the number of religieux and missions under their the population of British India had been merely begun charge: about twenty years ago, and that no man could esti

Colleges.
Rclig. Miss.

Stalion.
mate the population within many millions; but that, Santa Cruz, at Queretaro
if he stated it to be from 80 to 30 millions, it would San Francisco of Pachuca

Up, California not be overrated. Many, he said, carried iteven to San Jose de Gracia of Orizaba 47 one hundred millions.

Our Lady of Guadaloupe, at Za

92 Taraumara & Tejas • In 1812, according to Colquhoun, the whole population subject to the East India company was

The number of eonvents in the republic is about 40,058,408 souls.

150; that of the monks or friars, 1,930; and the va

Jue of property from which they derive their revenue, AFRICA. By an arrival at Portland, accounts are

about $5,000,000. received that the colonists at Cape Messurado, Africa, (Liberia), were in good health, and appeared to be THE MACKEREL FISTIERY. A writer in the Boston ilourishing on the 5th March. Several captures had Gazette states the followiog facts, to show the value recently been made by English and French vessels and importance of this branch of domestic industry. of war, of Spanish and French slave vessels. An and its rapid increase: In 1815 and 16, there wero English frigate was spokep on the 10th of March, packed in Boston, in each year, about 20,000 barreta

3

Sonora.

66 77 45

9 20

9 00

Coahuila.

catecas

94

of mackerel; in 1823 and 4, from 90,000 to 100,000 sand men will be established round this city at the barrels. The worth of those in 1824, would average time of the coronation. It is believed that the in$400,000. About one hundred and fifty vessels were fantry regiments of the nearest garrisons will be enemployed for catching the fish; and allowing each camped in tents, and that the cavalry will be cantonvessel seven hands on board, men and boys, it would ed. His majesty, after having received the holy be evident that 1,050 persons were employed in taking unction, will review all these troops. It is certain the same. Those persons, on an average, consume, that aids-de-camp of the minister of war have come in saving the mackerel, 100 hogsheads of salt each, here to fix upon a spot suitable for the establishment making 15,000 hogsheads of salt consumed each year; of a camp, and are choosing the villages for the canis all the salt used is not imported, it still gives em-lonments of the cavalry.” ployment to our citizens who are concerned in ma Extract of a private letter of the 5th April, frona nufacturing the article. These are not all that find Rheims:--"The archbishop's palace, where the king employment in this business; in the city of Boston and royal family reside at the time of the coronation, there are not 5,000 fish barrels made yearly, but over has been, as it were, rebuilt in a truly magnificent 90,000 made in the country.

style. The state apartments of the king, dauphin,

dauphiness, and dutchess of Berry, will surpass, in THE WHALE-FISHERY. About 45 vessels, of 300 tons richness and elegance, whatever Versailles and Mereach, are employed in this fishery from the little ly ever presented of most brilliant. What will be island of Nantucket alone; and it is with great plea- particularly admired in this new structure, are grand sure we learn, by the following letter, that this inte-chambers, constructing in advance of the principal resting branch of the national industry will further front, the royal banqueting room, which is 120 feet in receive the protection of the national government:

length, and the king's bed chamber, which is of unexNavy department, 28th April, 1825. ampled magnificence. M. Abel de Pujol's fine picture, SIR: The petition of sundry merchants and others representing the coronation of Clovis, will be placed engaged in the whale fishery, from the Island of Nan- in the reception room. The ancient church of St. tucket, has been referred, by the president of the Remi, to which the king will go on horseback, on United States, to this department, and I am directed the day after his coronation, is also undergoing conto inform you that the subject has been considered, siderable repair. The town of Rheims will join in and that instructions will be given to commodore the powp of these splendid and august ceremonies. Hull to visit the Sandwich Islands, when the public Between the bounds of the department of the Marne interest will permit his absence from the South Ame- and the entrance of the town, four triumphal arches, rican coast for a sufficient period.

of different kinds, will be erected upon the road by lam, very respectfully, &c.

which his majesty's carriage will pass. The respecSAMUEL L. SOUTHARD. tive mayors of the several parishes will assemble Aaron Michell, esq. and others of Nantucket.

upon the road to present to the king the homage of

the population. From Tanegnex, a small village, Wool. Sales at Philadelphia, May 4. Terms, $200 one league from Rheims, to the portico of the cathie2 500, 90 days; 500 a 1,000, 4 months; $1,000 and up- dral, the road will be bordered on both sides by cowards, 6 months. Tare 8 lb. per bale, or actual tare. lumns, surmounted by the arms of France, or trophies, 15 bales, 4,138 lb. fine Estremadura, R lb.

and connected together with verdant wreaths, or tis. 11 3,215

do.
F“ 49,

sues of the country. A tronument, dedicated to the 1,172

do. F & S - 38 a 39 departmental industry, will stand in the midst of the 1,703

do.
RR"

511 a 571 promenade. It will consist of two rich semicircular 10 2,504

do.

R" 44 a 501 galleries, connected by a triumphal arch, dedicated to 2,257

do.
S"

commerce and agriculture. Beneath the arches of do.


37

the galleries will be exhibited productions of the 1,173 lb. merino wool in fleece from finest manufactures of the Marne. A piece will be W. Miller's flock, at 6 months, lb. 50 got up at the theatre, which, it is expecied, his maMerino wool from Mar'd, in fleece, jesty will honor with his presence. Notwithstanding, bod.

the extraordinary high price of lodgings, provisions 9 Description and quality not known,

are cheap, and the authorities have adopted measures 2, 3, 4 and 6 months,

lb. 36, a 75 to prevent a monopoly. The hotel, de Moulinet, upon

the Parvis of the cathedral, has been let for 16,000fr.

4 months, to two Cafe-keepers, of Paris, who have reLondon dates to the 14th April.

let it for 60,000fr. to the duke of Northumberland. Great Britain and Ireland. The house of lords re- By order of that nobleman, a great number of hands sumed their session on the 15th April. A great mcet- have been sent to embellish it. The works to be exing was held the same day in London, and a petition ecuted will render it a real palace, and will all turn adopted for a revision of the corn laws.

to the advantage of the proprietor of the hotel. Cotton maintained its price at Liverpool. It is said Spain is in as miserable a state as ever, and there that the brokers were out to buy up all the Uplands, does not appear any hope of improvement. Young without regard to quality, at 15d.

Murat, (whose felonious capture we have noticed), A Liverpool paper, of the 18th April, says-"On was about to be liberated, upon the guarantee of the the 16th, 15 to 20,000 bales of cotton were sold, American minister at Madrid, never again to touch chiefly to speculators, at an advance of ld. on Brazil at Spain or the Sicilies. and Egyptian, and id. on all other kinds. This day The sailing of the ship, with a new captain general we estimate 20,000 bales have changed hands at a fur- for the Philippine islands, has been suspended, in ther advance of ld. on Brazil and Egyptian, and ld. consequence of important news from Manilla. The on all American descriptions; Pernams 22d. Egyp- present eaptain general is said to have 8,000 troops tian 20, Orleans 17 a 20, Boweds 15 a 18d.

devoted to him; and he declares he will not obey France. The French corvette La Coquillo, cap- the mandates of the absolute king of Spain. tain Duperry, arrived at Marseilles, March 24th, Netherlands. The states general have granted from a voyage round the globe; she was about 54 3,000,000 of forins for repairing the damages of the months without losing a man, or even baving one sick late inundations. 250 persons, 14,000 head of cattle, on board.

and 1,500 houses, were destroyed in the single proExtract of a private latter received from Rheims: vince of Over Yessel. The damages elsewhere were “We are assured that a camp of ten or twelve thou-lincalculable.

59

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290

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42

FOREIGN NEWS.

Germany. In the province of Upper Hesse, nine policy of that government since the first establish or ten thousand people are about to emigrate to Ame- ment of the federal union. The most conspicuous rica. An agent is there from Brazil.

feature in this sketch, is the uniformity of that policy Denmark. Copenhagen, March 26-Landed pro- under the successive governments of different per perty continues to decline in value in this city. Thus, sons; a counterpart of which we should in vain ena house was lately sold for 13,660 rix dollars, which deavor to discover in the royal administration of Euwas valued at 25,000, and was inscribed in the fire rope, even during the reign of the same individualoffice at 53,000.

this proceeds from the supreme power being lodged Russia. In the year 1822, the births, in the whole with the people—the policy of the government must, Russian empire, were 1,539,988; deaths 977,253; ex- in consequence, be regulated by their interests; and cess of births 562,735—212 persons reached the age of the real interests of the people are ever unvarying 115 to 140 years; one eren 150.

and uniform. Turkey. Feb. 10_Since the ist, upwards of 100 There is something in the rising destiny of this persons of distinction, including 40 persons belong. extraordinary republic, which forcibly arrests attening to different corporations in the city, suspected of tion. She stands like a light and a beacon in the being concerned in the plans of the Janissaries, have midst of nations. Her public documents seem intendbeen strangled. The great people and respectable ed not for herself alone; they speak to the universe. citizens have been enjoined to keep themselves armed A period of profound peace exbibits her in an attitude and to have their people ready for whatever may hap- proudly pre-eminent; that which in Europe consti. pen.

iutes only the repose of the worn out belligerantA letter from Constantinople, March 4th, says-- a cessation from toil and misery-the mere torpor of “The Janissaries have positively refused to march sleep, with her presents the imposing spectacle of the against the Morea, and their refusal is to be declared rapid advancement of mankind in every acquirealoud by their Aga to the Sultan, when he goes to ment which can render life dignified or desirable, of the mosque. Several of the men of this turbulent the development of the human faculties, applied to soldiery, have been heard to say:-“We will not the noblest purposes for which they were given in be quiet, and we will do nothing for the govern- trust by heaven-that of improving the condition of ment till we have the heads of the Selietar Aga, the the human race, and of making utility to the many, Kiay Bey and Hussin Bey." A tremendous fire has and not the advantage of the few, the basis of a free taken place at Varma, by which the greater part of and rational government. It is vain to attempt to the town has been destroyed. The Pacha's son, 22 conceal it. Her progressive and powerful march, years of age, and several Turkish officers, perished in menaces changes in the institutions of Europe, which the Aames in endeavoring to afford succor.

must take place sooner or later. Grecce. The British cutter Nimble, from London, There is a calmness in her civic strength, which, with the second instalment of the Greek loan, has ar- to a reflecting mind, inspires greater awe than the rived at Napoli de Romania. The money contributo proudest demonstrations of military conquerors; ed in this country for the Greeks, was forwarded they rise and they set, they are equally the sport of from London by this vessel, and has safely reached fortune in their elevation and in their fall; she seems its destination.

the arbitress of her own fate and her decisions carry The feet of the Pacha of Egypt, consisting of 59 with them the spirit of prophecy. Yesterday she sail, had landed 6,000 near Navarin; but they were was in her cradie, to-day she holds her ægis over the repulsed and driven back to Modon. A Greek fleet, western hemisphere. There is nothing litful or fretit was expected, would attack the Egyptian on the fol- ful in her pretensions; she sits poised on the stability lowing day.

of her resources, calm in the justice of her claims. There is a report, that Odysseus, who had joined By her fiat she has set limits to the jurisdiction of Colocotroni, had thrown himself, with his partizans, the holy allies: "so far and no further-in Europe about 1,500 men, into Negropont, and joined the you may tyrannize whilst slaves are to be found tameTurks. Another says that Colocotroni had fully sub- ly to submit to the rod-America, from north to mitted to the Greek government, and would not be south, is free.” She has boldly proclaimed to the pardoned, notwithstanding his disclosures, &c. world the course she will next pursue, when the eter

A third account says that Colocotroni had not yet nal jealousies of the rulers of mankind shall again been tried, but was at Hydra, confined in the con- light up the flames of war: her decision constitutes yent of St. Elias.

at once a new code for neutrals, and defines the fuEgypt. The latest letters from Egypt state, that ture pretensions of belligerants. Europe bas heard great attention has been given lately to the cultivation these dicta in silence! of sugar. It is also stated, that the Pacha has trans Whilst admiring all that has been successfully acmitted orders to England to send out immediately complished by the American government, every Enga persons acquainted with the manufacture of rum. lishman, of manly spirit, anxious for the glory and

Hayti. Port au Prince papers, to the 17th April, prosperity of his native country, and for the support contain an oflicial declaration of the Haytien govern- of those principles which adorned the brightest pement, that it will not, after the 15th of June next, riods of our history, will feel, with the American premake any advances of money on account of emi- sident, that “it is a source of gratification and engrants from this country. They are to be allowed couragement to observe that the great result of this four months rations, and some land, to which a title experiment upon the theory of human rights, has, will be granted on payment of its value. These mea- at the close of that generation by which it has been sures are said to have been adopted in consequence formed, been crowned with success equal to the of improper speculations by the emigrants, and by most sanguine expectations of its founders." The agents of foreign vessels.

(Evening Post. success of the experimentis, in truth, a matter to us,

of no trifling import; not that we recommend, or even Remarks on the Inaugural Speech. applicable to the British nation, or suitable to the

suppose the form of the American government to be FROM THE TRINIDAD GAZETTE.

genius of the people. Scourged as we have been in By the arrival of the schooner Resolution, from the the school of experiment, suffering as we are from United States of America, we are enabled to present the infliction of the schemes of enthusiasts, we have our readers with the inaugural speech of the new learned too well, that, under the varying shades of cuspresident, Mr. John Q. Adams. It contains a power- tom, habit, feeling and intelligence, which the human ful bistorical sketch of the leading principles and race presents, forms of government, inerer in them

selves essential), must also vary; but the principles / sound to sense, and the tinsel of false taste to the of justice wbich govern human rights, are immutable solid value of plain reason, can find more in this soand eternal; equally applicable and necessary to mo. litary passage, calculated to sublime the minds of a narchical as to republican institutions; the same in whole people in gratitude to Heaven for the faithful the patriarchal government of a family, as under the administration of those appointed to rule over them, imperial sway which aftords protection to millions. than can be extracted from all the speeches of all the We cling, therefore, as Britons, to our monarchical kings of Europe, from the time of Clovis to the preand aristocratical institutions; and we reverence, in sent day. the highest degree, the pride of ancestry; in it, we recognize the most powerful impulse by which the

General Jackson at Nashville. human mind can be directed to deeds productive of lasting renown; an impulse acting upon all-noble On the 16th ult. general Jackson was, invited to and plebian; for who, but a recreant dastard, would partake of a public entertainment with his fellow-cinot shrink from disgracing a line of heroes; and who, tizens of Nashville. He was received by the mass not dead to every exalted sentiment, but is fired with of the people, assembled in civic or military capacia generous ambition of making for himself a house ties, and with a national salute. On arriving at the and a name? Yet, in professing these opinions and door of the court-house, the following address and feelings, where would be the inconsistency, where reply were interchanged between John Overton, esq. the disadvantage, could we happily borrow the lan- and the general-old friends, of thirty years standguage of this republican, and say of England as truly ing: as he has stated of America-"The great features of General: In the name and behalf of this numerous its policy, in general concurrence with the will of the assemblage of your fellow-citizens, I welcome your legislature, have been to cherish peace while prepar- return. We, in common, with all the citizens of the ing for defensive war; to yield exact justice to other United States, feel grateful for the signal services nations and maintain the rights of our own—to che- you have rendered our country. rish the principles of freedom and of equal rights We have seen you, by your energy and skill, exwherever they are proclaimed to discharge, with all pell from our borders a savage foe, whose cruel mode possible promptitude, the national debt-to reduce, of warfare spared neither age nor sex. At a period within the narrowest limits of efliciency, the military when the American military character was depressforce.” And could we fairly and honestly assume ed and sunk by the misfortunes of our arms, you callthem as true, with respect to ourselves, would the fol- ed into action the patriotism of your neighbors and lowing passages sound ungrateful or un-English to our friends--you led them through scenes of privation ears? –Our political creed is, without a dissenting and hardships, and, uniting them with the brave mivoice that can be heard, that the will of the people litia of the neighboring states, you met and vanquishis the source, the happiness of the people the end, of ed an army of superior numbers, distinguished for its all legitimate governments upon earth-that the best victories in Europe, and reputed invincible. For security for the beneficence, and the best guaranty these achievements, all give you praise. After your against the abuse of power, consists in the freedom, country was safe, and danger had passed by, you the purity, and the frequency of popular elections." gained a still greater victory-a victory over yoursThat a rigorous economy and accountability of pub- self; you submitted to the empire of the laws, which lic expenditures, should guard against the aggravation, had called in question the very acts that enabled you and alleviate, when possible, the burden of taxation- to save the emporium of the west from rapine and that the military should be kept in strict subordina- plunder; thereby giving a practical illustration of tion to the civil power-that the freedom of the press the supremacy of the civil over the military authoriand of religious opinions should be inviolate." But, ties of our country. unbappily, we cannot appropriate such language to

We have additional motives for gratitude to you. ourselves.

There are many, now present, who stood and fought What is it but insulting mockery to tell us that our by your side in the hour of peril and of danger. They present system works well-we know that, compared saw, not only with what a fearless spirit you met to the continental states of Europe, we shine as a and encountered the enemy, but with what care and star in the firmament; but shall we be seriously told assiduity you watched over the safety and lives of that this brilliancy is the result of that system? We those entrusted to your charge-they have seen you deny it. It is the result of the native energy of the visiting your sick and wounded-administering aid finest race of people on the globe, shining through and comfort, and watching over them with all the the feudal mists which surround them; undaunted solicitude of a parent-they have seen you distributspirits, that not even the present system can depress; ing your last morsel of bread to your famishing souls that no adversities or burdens can subdue; soldiers; and bearing an equal share in the common worthy progenitors of those who now set an example suffering. Yes, general, we have seen you in many to English men and to the world; had the same prin- situations at the bar you were the able and zealous ciples animated both governments, their career would advocate on the bench, the firm and inflexible have been ours; had the course been free, none judge; and, in the councils of our state, you diswould have distanced us in the race.

played political talents, which demonstrated that With respect to the style and composition of this you were qualified for any station you might be inaugural address, we shall hear, no doubt, from the called upon to occupy. editors and scribblers in London, that it is 'lengthy' For your private virtues you possess our respect and beavy.' We tell them it is purely 'American, a and affection. Kindness, friendship, hospitality and style they can never hope to appreciate, or even un charity, strongly characterize your conduct-these derstand, in Europe, so long as the administration of things endear you to us. For your great and splentheir affairs eternally requires the abilities of apo- did actions, let all the nation do you equal honor, but Jogists and sophists. We fearlessly appeal to the fol- for your social and private virtues we claim the right lowing passage alone: "Liberty and law have march- to admire and love you most, because we best know ed hand in hand; all the purposes of human associa- them-have seen and felt their uence. tion have been accomplished as effectually as under In the late transactions at Washington,we are proud any other government on the globe; and at a cost lit- to learn you pursued that independent, upright and tle exceeding, in a whole generation, the expendi- dignified course which had marked your previous tures of other nations in a single year;" and we say conduct. You were presented to the consideration that an educated beid%, unaccustomed to preferlof the American people, by the legislature of your

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