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own state, without any agency, direction or inter- room was handsomely decorated. After dinner many ference on your part. “Neither to seek nor decline toasts were drank, among them the following volunpublic office” has been your maxim. You never teers: made your success an object of personal ambition: By gen. Jackson. The late achievements of the and, although you have not been elected to that bigh South Americans on the fields of Ayachuco-May office, which the people, by their suffrages, strongly they be to the history of liberty, another Yorktown. indicated a willingness to bestow, your name has not By Andrew Hynes. The friends of internal imsuffered in the couflict. Sir, your fame forms a provement--they are the benefactors of their country. rich portion of our country's treasure--it must and By gov. Carroll. Cumberland college--the best iuwill be preserved uuhurt.

terests of the state are identified with its prosperity. To which the general replied as follows: Sır: I have not language strong enough to express Mr. Huskisson's Propositions. my thanks to you, and those of my fellow-citizens in whose behalf you have addressed me, for the very

NO. I. flattering manner with which you have presented The celebrated propositions of Mr. Haskission, another token of their unabated regard for my public, presented to the British house of commons on the as well as private character.

28th of March, for “freeing trade from its shackles," A few years after the revolutionary war had closed, are now fairly before the public, and demand to be but before the blessings it had diffused along the At- examined with the most serious attention, as they lantic borders were extended to this remote section shed a flood of light on the magnificent policy which of the union, I came among you. We clung together has elevated Great Britain to the towering height to until every difficulty and danger were surinounted, which she has attained, far, due regard being had to and after our territory was secured against the ruth- her population and natural advantages, above any less and savage attacks of Indian hordes, we grew other nation of ancient or modern times. No vation strong, and claimed the privileges of a free and inde- ever adopted a wiser system for the promotion of napendent state. Many of those whom we remember tional prosperity-pursued it more steadily-or was as benefactors, at that period, now sleep with their crowned with more complete success. Let it not fathers. Others have sprung up, who, both in civil for a moment be supposed that this is intended as an and in military life, have rendered important ser- unqualified approbation of the whole of that portion of vices; particularly in the last war, when, rallying un- the British system devised for the protection of her der the eagles of their conntry, in desence of our national industry. Far--very far from it. Nothing common rights, they, by their patriotism and undaunt, human was ever completely perfect-and it is not to ed spirit, contributed to raise their country's glory be wondered at, that, in so complicated a system, emto an eminence from which it can survey, with pity, bracing such a variety of interests at home and abroad the boasted invincibility of tyrants.

--and so many dependencies of different characters | When I see, sir, interspersed through this assembly, and claims, there should be defects. All I insist on is, many who have borne a part in those scenes-an as- that the plan was grand and magnificent—that its sembly, I may say, composed entirely of men who 'leading features emanated from the most profound have been associated with me, either as participators policy--and that the unbounded prosperity of the naor witnesses, of whatever agency, public or private, tion bears ample testimony in favor of its principles. it has pleased Providence I should have in them, what The British nation has, for the last hundred and language can convey the feelings inspired by this ad- fifty years, had administrations of every shade of ditional evidence of their kindness and regard, which character and intellect--some as profligate and coris now presented to me through you! The approba- rupt-others as pure and upright-some as able-and tion of those who have been witnesses of my conduct, some as feeble—as the world has ever beheld. through all the varying scenes of life, is to me, next But,"true as the needle to the pole," however they to an approving conscience, the sweetest reward this might vary in other respects, their policy has, by eveworld cam bestow.

ry means that could be devised, uniformly pursued It is true, sir, that without any agency whatever on the grand object of advancing the national prosperimy part, I was brought forward by the legislature of ty, by the most undeviating protection of national inTennessee as a candidate for the presidency. This, dustry, in all its shapes and forms. In this paternal the members of that body well know; and, particu- system, all parties, ins and outs, whigs and tories, Jarly, the hon. Felix Grundy, who, as I have since moderates and radicals, have co-operated. been informed, was the member who drafted the re It is, I repeat, by no means my purpose to enter solutions that were introduced and adopted on the into a defence of all the measures of the British naoccasion. When thus brought before the people, the tion. That her internal policy has often been highly canvass was conducted without any interference of oppressive-that the interests and happiness of her mine: nor did I, when the election devolved upon dependencies, particularly those of ill-fated Ireland, the house of representatives, attempt, in any manner, have been most cruelly sacrificed for the benefit of to influence its decision. The presidential chair I the British island-that her treasures have frequenthave always viewed as a situation too responsible to ly been squandered by ambitious and corrupt minisbe sought after, by any individual, however great his ters--that many of her wars have been highly unjust talents, or eminent his services. It is one which the --are truths, which no man, who has read bisiory immortal Washington approached with awful fore- with even moderate attention or advantage, can for bodings, conscious that the destiny of a free people a moment doubt. But that her policy for the encouof unborn millions, were committed to his charge; ragement of arts, manufactures and commerce, emathat, without the smiles of Providence, and the con- nates from the soundest wisdom-that, in this respect, uding and indulgent support of the people them- she is worthy of being a pattern for all the nations of selves, his exertions would be unequal to the task. the earth--and that the prosperity or decadence of With such authority to support the maxim which I nations may be ascertained by the degree in which have endeavored to follow through life--"Neither they adopt or depart from that species of policy, is in. to seek, nor decline publie favor," I offer my past dubitable. France has pursued and is pursuing the conduct as proof of my sincerity.

same system to a certain degree. After a war of unes. After which the general was conducted to the ampled expenditure, she has, by that policy, attained Nashville Inn, where a splendid dinner was prepared; to a state of high prosperity. In Ireland, Spain, PorGeorge W. Campbell

, csq. presiding, assisted by maj. Lugal and Italy, a system directly opposite has preHI V. Rutledge, J. Somerville and col. Hynes. The vailed for centuries--and for centuries wretched has

been the portion of those nations, notwithstanding $2.22 per bushel, and by high duties on agricultural their transcendent natural advantages.

productions generally. And even when the danger It remains then to lay before an enlightened nation, of famine induces the admission of foreign grain, a view of that policy as hitherto pursued, and the ap- wheat is subject to a duty of 33 cents per bushel, and parent, but ideal departures from it, which are now flour to about 125 cents per barrel. But as this feain a state of preparation, and which will, no doubt, be ture of the system obliged the manufacturers to pay adopted. I respectfully request a patient hearing higher for provisions than they would probably otherfrom all my readers, but particularly from those wise, they required and obtained a quid pro quo. whose sentiments are opposed to the system ! advo- This was, security in the domestic market, and of cate, which I hope to support by such strong facts, as course the full supply of the agriculturists. Both must remove all doubts of this positiov, if their minds classes thus reciprocally aid and support each other. be open to conviction.

The wise statesmen of Great Britain have always deThe maxims on which her policy has been predica- voted equal care to the mercantile and shipping inteted, are, that national industry is the parent of nation- rest. By bounties, and drawbacks, and negotiations, al “wealth, power and resources”--that this industry and treaties, they secured the former the markets of ought to be fostered by every fair means in the power foreign nations as far as was practicable—and by the of the government—that, in proportion as it is fostered most onerous burdens on, or by exclusions of, foreign or discouraged, in that proportion do nations rise to vessels, they secured the navigation of the country to greatness or fall into premature decrepitude that the native owners of shipping. Here is a glorious national encouragement should be held out to great system, worthy of the profound statesmen of a great undertakings, calculated to promote great national nation, which should make those politicians-I will benefits-that her subjects, particularly in the inci- not say statesmen-feel humble, whose policy not pient stages of those undertakings, ought to be effec-only assumes, but industriously creates, a decided tually protected from overwhelming foreign competichostility between fellow citizens, embarked in the tion—that she should restrain the consumption of the same vessel of state, who must sink as she sinks, or products of foreign industry, in every case in which swim as she swims, and whose interests ought to be Ahey interfered, in the least degree, with her own; completely identified. that she should exchange her elaborated productions A great clamor has for years prevailed in Great every where for raw materials to employ her subjects Britain against the corn laws, as enhancing the price and secure their prosperity; and, in fine, induce fo- of flour to the poor. This is a plausible and popular "reign nations to consume as much of the productions theme--but, although it is certainly true, that occaof her native industry, in the most elaborated state, as sionally grain is higher in Great Britain than it would possible. This is the basis, broad, and deep, and solid, be but for the corn laws, it is extremely doubtful on which she has erected the superstructure of her whether this is the case on an average of eight, ten or grandeur. And to expect nations to prosper by the a dozen years. Superabundant harvests, it is true, pursuit of a contrary policy, is just as rational as to would reduce the price in the years when they ocexpect to gather roses from thistles--or vines from curred—but reduced prices would discourage cultineitles. This contrary policy we pursued in 1733-vation, and produce high prices afterwards. Thus, S4, and in 1815-16-17-and we thereby spread deso- what was gained in one year, would be lost in another. lation and wretchedness over the face of the land at But on this point I do not lay much stress. Let it both periods: and all the depression, embarrassment pass for what it is worth. The corn laws, sufficiently and distress that have been felt here, since the close defended as a mere reciprocation of protection, and of the war, has arisen from the same source. as guarding the welfare of a large and important por

Her statesmen have been in the constant habit of|tion of the nation, need no extra support or defence. taking broad and comprehensive views of the nation A word on the subject of low prices. With few al interests, and extending the fostering care of the exceptions, they are usually the concomitants of disgovernment to all as far as practicable. They have tress and wretchedness. Potatoes, which constitute had the art of harmonizing the interests of agricul- a large proportion of the food of the lower classes of ture, manufactures and commerce, satisfied that the the Irish, have been, of late years, in abundance in prostration of any one of them, would be severely Ireland, and sold at 4d. and 41d. per stone of 14 lbs. felt by the others, and that no nation ever did or can --and yet those classes have been then actually starvprosper, where any one of them is greatly depressed. ing and supported by public charity, because, cheap it nerer entered into their minds for a moment, that as provisions were, they were unable to purchase there was any inherent hostility between the inte- them for want of employment-in consequence of rests of agriculture, manufactures and commerce. so large a portion of the consumption of manufacThey considered the manufacturers as affording the tures in Ireland being furnished by Great Britain, best and surest market to the agriculturists for pro- whereby the natives are devoted to idleness and visions, as well as for raw materials—and likewise wretchedness. In no part of the globe are provisions affording the best support to commerce in the trans- cheaper than in Hindostan—but no where, except in portation of raw materials from, and manufactured Ireland, is there greater poverty. articles to, foreign countries; and they further re But to come home to our own country. In 1812, garded agriculture and commerce as reciprocating the average price of flour, throughout the United support to manufactures.

States, according to the treasury returns, was 10 dolls. The man, whoever he be, and however exalted in -in 1813, $11-and in 1914, $9.50 Notwithstandother respects, who predicates his measures on any ing these exorbitant prices, the poorer classes of soinherent hostility between the three great national ciety were all comfortable, for they were all fully interests—the producers--the fabricators-and the employed, and had reasonable wages. In 1820, the carriers, or merchants, is no more fit for the exalted price, according to the same standard, was only station of a statesman, than a petty county court law- $4.50-and, at that time, the most intense sufferyer is to plead an intricate cause before the highesting and distress prevailed throughout the middle judicial tribunal in the United States, or before the states, because the laboring classes were deprived of the house of lords in Great Britain,

employment by the immense influx of foreign manuThe British system, therefore, protected the agri- factures, whereby, according to an authentic docuculturists by high duties on the produce of the soil, ment, which remains an imperishable monument of (raw materials excepted), and by an absolute exclu- the transcendent impolicy of our system--I mean a sion of foreign grain until the average market price report of a joint committee of the legislature of Pennof wheat was 80s. per quarter, (now 70s.), equal to 'sylvania--there was produced,

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"A general suspension of labor, the only legitimate sufficient to secure the domestic market, and exclude source of wealth, in our cities and towns, by which thou- the rival manufactures. Yet the duty is to be 12 or "sands of our most useful citizens are rendered destitute 15 per cent. But on porcelain, where the danger of

of the means of support, and REDUCED TO THE competition is greater, there is to be a higher duty. * EXTREMITY OF POVERTY AND DESPAIR.” The amount not stated.

Again. A farmer in Pittsburg, who, in 1816, might “Upon the richer classes of this manufacture choose to wear fine broad cloth, would have to pay " (earthenware) the foreign manufacturer possessed eerfor it, probably, 14 dollars per yard--but procured "tain advantages and upon these the duty would require two yards for three barrels of flour. He can now to be higher " purchase as good broad cloth for eight dollars, but As "the foreign manufacturer possesses certain adranwill have to pay nearly five barrels for two yards. tages,” it is necessary to put it out of his power to This places in strong relief the utter impolicy by avail himself of them, and to guard the native subwhich the farming interest has been deluded to op- ject against their pernicious operation. pose the protection of their fellow.citizens engaged The cotton manufacture is brought to such perin manufactures, under the plausible, but very falla- fection in Great Britain-the machinery is of such cious idea, that they ought to buy abroad what they a superior kind-is made so much cheaper than in could procure cheaper than at home, regardless of any other country-the workmen are so skilful-cathe ruin they inflicted on their fellow-citizens. This pital so abundant--and interest so low-that no soruin soon recoiled on themselves. For every dollar reign nation can compete with her. She imports the a farmer saves by the depression of the price of the raw material from the East Indies-works it upfew manufactures he has to purchase, he looses five sends it back to that country, after two voyages of in the reduction of the price of his produce.

30,000 miles, and yet undersels and drives from their I hope this apparent digression will have its use, in own markets the wretched natives, who, I believe, deciding this important question. I now come to Mr. live on a dollar or a dollar and a half per month. Huskisson's propositions, of which I shall only con- Could any duty be necessary to secure the home sider the duties on china and earthenware, cotton, market under such circumstances. Surely not Yet, woollens, looking glasses, wine bottles, linens, silks, fearful of injuring her subjects, by opening a door to iron and copper-and I hope to prove that the pre- foreign cotton goods, she shuts them out by imposing sent administration of Great Britain, embracing a a duty of 10 per cent. although Great Britain, as Mr. yreater mass of practical and useful talent, than any Huskisson said, “has a preference in every market in the other administration in that country, or, perhaps, in world.any other, are not, in reality, notwithstanding how “ He apprehended no one would doubt, that we erstrong appearances are to the contrary, departing celled all rivals in the manufacture of cotton--and that from the established system of their predecessors we had the preference in every market in the world in but pursuing it with a wisdom not inferior to that by 'i respect to price and quality. He believed there was which it was originally devised.

“no quarter of the world, in which our cotton goods This established system, then, I repeat, is, in brief," had not a decided advantage over those manufacto protect native industry against foreign rivals. “ tured in any other country. Now, it matters not what is the amount of the duty, “ He meant to reduce all the duties to one of ten provided it answers the grand purpose of protection. "per cent. ad valorem; thus to allow India and all other Let it be borne in mind, that 5 per cent. may be ade-"parts of the world to import their goods, on the payment quate protection in one instance-whereas, 50 may " of ten per cent. on importation.not be enough in another.

That is to say, to "Allow them to import cottons at I preface this examination by the candid and cx “ ten per cent." whereas they could not compete in plicit declaration of Mr. Huskisson himself. He does the British markets with the native manufacturer, not, for a moment, pretend that the reductions are even if allowed to import them duty free! This truly made with any view to buy abroad such articles as can is "cutting the cords that tie commerce to the earth.” be procured cheaper than at home, and thus depress Although most of these observations apply with and ruin the native manufacturers. There is not the equal force to the woollen manufacture, yet the shadow of such an idea. If held out, it would be put whole do not by any means. Ten per cent. therefore, down by acclamation. The whole system is predi- would be inadequate to afford sufficient protection, cated on the immense superiority of her capital, her and the duty is wisely to be rated at fifteen. skill and her enterprise, which secures her the su “ The committee would be aware that we were premacy in foreign markets, and, of course, can " ourselves great exporters of woollen goods, and frown down all competition in the domestic one. " that our articles found their way into foreign mar

In capital, in ingenuity, in that spirit of enterprise, “kets to a great extent. Under these circumstances, " which distinguished the English character, we stood pro

"he was not afraid to reduce the duty from 50 per cent. “minent; nor was he in the least afraid, so long as we re " to 15." tained those properties, TO BID DEFIANCE TO THE Such is the superiority of the French, in the ma. " WORLD."

nufacture of looking-glasses, that were the duty 5 or Here is a candid, open confession, of the grounds 10, or perhaps even 12 per cent. the English manuon which the new system is predicated. None can facturers would be depressed by the influx of the be deceived in it, for "he that runs may read.” And, rival articles. And, therefore, it is judiciously to be therefore, it is hoped that no man, who values his re- fixed at 20 per cent. putation, will ever hereafter advance the doctrine, Some of the continental nations have made great that the duties of Great Britain are reduced to en- advances in the manufacture of linen, which they courage foreign manufacturers to deJuge the country can sell so cheap, that 15 or 20 per cent. duty, would with their productions, as they do here, to the ruin not afford adequate protection. Twenty-five per of the natives and impoverishment of the nation. cent. is, therefore, to be imposed, being deemed im

HAMILTON. periously necessary to guard against foreign comPhiladelpkia, May 9, 1925.

petition.

The silk manufacture has been brought to extraor-
NO. II.

dinary perfection in Great Britain, notwithstanding 1 proceed to consider some of the details of Mr. that very nearly the whole of the raw material is of Huskisson's plan.

foreign production. The importation was no less, in I begin with earthenware and china. The excel- | 1824, than 3,050,000 lbs. Foreign silk goods were lence and perfection of the first article ought to be wholly prohibited until last year, when the prohibi

tion was prospectively repealed. But the paternal, to the world,” then, and not till then, may those nations care of the British government, fearful of allowing its follow the example of Great Britain. subjects to be crushed by foreign competitors, among A variety of articles, in which the Germans have whom the raw material is indigenous, laid a duty of great advantages, are to be protected by a duty of 13s. per lb. or $2.88, on plain--20s. or $4.44, on figured (thirty per cent. silks—and 30 per cent. on all other descriptions. “There were various other articles, such as turThus the duties are always proportioned to the neces- "nery and fancy work, on which he thought ageneral sity of the case, and to the grand object of promoting duty of 30 per cent. should be paid." the national prosperity, and securing the domestic Wine bottles are too insignificant to merit attenmarket to the native subjects. Would to God that the tion, were it not that they powerfully support my polegislatures of other nations displayed one half the sition, that the present system is no real departure fostering care of their domestic industry!

from the old one. The duty was formerly about 500 Cotemporaneously with this change, the duties on per cent.-being 185. per dozen; whereas, the price raw silk were reduced from 4s., 5s. 6d. and 14s. to 2s. of the bottles is only 3s. 6d. It is now to be reduced 6d. and 7s. 6d. perlb. And here again the parental to about 85 per cent. or 3s. per dozen. This is most care of the government was most conspicuously and obviously equivalent to an absolute prohibition. laudably displayed. Immense quantities of raw silk, “His intention was to fix the duty somewhere on which the duties had been paid or secured, were about the price of bottles in this country, SO AS in the hands of many of the manufacturers, who were " TO PREVENT INJURY TO THE BOTTLE MAin danger of being overwhelmed by rivals who would "NUFACTURER.” be supplied at the reduced rates. To place them all

Thus we see there is no object too high for an Enon an equal footing, an accurate account was taken glish administration to grasp, none too low to attract of all the silk on hands, and the duty returned or re- its attention, when the promotion of the national mitted. The amount of the duty thus returned was "wealth, power and resources,” is the object. In no less than 2.460,000 or $2,700,000! What a glori- such a course are displayed qualities of head and ous policy! How proud must an English man feel of an heart, that go to constitute a real statesman, worthy administration and a legislature acting on such grand to preside over the destinies of nations. If ever naand magnificent views! For the liberal policy where- tional pride be justifiable, it is in the contemplation on the measures of Great Britain are predicated, of of such wisdom, such intelligence, such parental care which this is a strong feature, she deserves all the of great national interests. glory, and greatness, and grandeur to which she has the same benign idea of protecting the subject, is attained. A proposition to draw from our treasury perceptible in the reduction of the duty on copper, $50,000, to save from impending destruciion any which, as Mr. Huskisson observed, was far beyond body of manufacturers, of the most useful character; what was necessary for the cardinal' object, protection. and the most important in point of numbers, would The duty is to be reduced from 541. to 271. per ton. excite, from New Hampshire to Georgia, all the an "The duty on the importation of foreign copper, gry passions that reflect discredit on our nature, and was not less than 541. a ton; a rute jar beyond what be regarded as absolute robbery. Resistance would " was necessary to protect the interests of those whose probe threatened. What a mortifying contrast our nation- « perty was embarked in producing the article in this coun. al legislature, which ought to stand proudly pre-emi

try.nent, exhibited in 1923-4, when 12 or 15 days were spent in miserable debates on the duty upon cotton

The deficiency of iron to supply their orders, many bagging, whether it should be 49, 5, 51, 6, 67, or 7 cents of which are now sent to be executed on the contiper square yard, and on other analogous topics equally nent, is the reason of the reduction of the duty from

61. 10s. to 31. 10s. per ton. paltry! Speeches of four hours length were made on

Mr. Huskisson has fallen into a vital error-an the subject with as much ardor as if the salvation of the nation were at stake. There is not a greater con

error which has had extensive currency here--and trast between the Himalaya mountains and the Lau- which, being calculated to produce an unsound state rel hill, than between Mr. Huskisson drawing from of mind on this all-important subject, demands to be the treasury 2,700,000 dollars for the relief of a small corrected. In order to display, in strong relief, the class of manufacturers, and a member of congress in advantages of that course of policy, which, par exToking heaven and earth and threatening resistance, cellence, is styled the liberal system, he institutes a in the case of a slight increase of duties to save his fel- comparison between the progress of the cotton and low citizens from ruin; to promote and foster the wooilen manufactures, and assumes, as undeniable, national industry; and to add to the wealth, power and that the former has arisen to its present unexampled resources of his country!

prosperity with little or no protection, while the fos"Pudet hæc opprobria nobis,

tering care bestowed on the latter has tended to de" Et dici potuisse--et non potuisse refelli!After stating the case of the silk manufacturers,

Nothing can be more foreign from the real state of

the case. Mr. Huskisson observes

It is not only not the fact, but the reverse "If a protecling duty of thirly per cent. was quite suf- of the fact. The prohibition of woollen goods has "ficient upon the only branch of our manufactures in long since ceased in Great Britain and the duty is " which ice were, in some respects, behind hand čith foreign stated, by Mr. Huskisson, at only fifty per cent. " countries, it became the house to consider, in re- Whereas cotton goods of certain kinds were under “spect to other branches, which had long flourished absolute prohibition, at the moment when Mr. Hus" and maintained a superiority in all parts of the world, kisson was speaking, and most of the few

which were “ whether they would continue to preserve a system of admitted, were subject to much higher duties, than

woollens. "USELESS PROHIBITORY DUTIES, which only placed the * trade of those articles of foreign produce in the But before I substantiate this important point, I " hands of snugglers, instead of the legitimate mer- will let Mr. Huskisson speak for himself:"chants of the country.”

"The woollen manufacture, more than any other, Why are these prohibitory duties useless?" Because, “had been nursed, and fostered, and dandled by having brought the manufactures in question to per “the legislature, and, indeed, appeared to have been fection, Great Britain can, in the empbatic language “ the favorite child of legislation. Like many other of Mr. H."bid defiance to the world.

favorite children, it had received more injury than beneWhen the manufactures of other nations have ar fil from its additional petting; while its younger brorired at such perfection that they may "id defiance !" ther, cotton, being more left to itself, had made more

press it!

EXPORTS.

"rapid strides, and grown up with a far more vigorous Commerce of the United States. "constitution." This sounds well—and is, undoubtedly, very plausi- We shall take an early opportunity to publish the

papers from the treasury department, relative to ble. But mark the real state of the case.

ihe commerce and navigation of the United States By the statute 11 and 12, of IViliam III.

--they will occupy many pages. In the mean time, "All calicoes, painted, dyed, printed or stained, in

the following items, relating to the imports and “Persia, China, or the East Indies, were prohibited

exports of the year, ending the 30th Sept. 1824, "to be imported for sale in Great Britain, and were

and compared with those of 1823, will interest sliable to seizure, even when made up in clothes." At the period of this enactment, thc cotton manu

many of our readers.

IMPORTS. facture was almost altogether confined to those east

Statement of the value of merchandise imported into ern countries; therefore, this was tantamount to a

the United States from October 1, 1822, to Sept. general prohibition. But this was not deemed suf

30, 1823, and for the same period in 1823 and ficient--for, to quote the words of the statute

1824: The person in whose custody, knowing thereof, the

1823. 1824. " saine shall be found, or seized, or that shall sell or dis- Articles free of duty $9,048,288 12,563,773 pose thereof, to any person whatsoever, shall forfeit two

paying duty ad ral. 40,621,352 41,250,833 hundred pounds”-equal to about 888 dollars.

specific duties 27,909,427 26,734,401 This law, unless repcaled at the present session of parliament, is in full force.

77,579,267 80,549,007 What an enormous penalty on a person whose wise

of the total in 1824, the value of 5,283,954 dollars wore an East India calico gown, or who sold a yard

was received in foreign vessels. of that kind of calico!--and this, for an article which

of the imports, the principal articles werewe have, times without number, been told, has ar

Specie

$8,047,578 rived at its present state of perfection, although "lest

Manufactures-of wool

8,030,985 to itself,” unprotected by duties, or prohibitions, or

of cotton

8,508,245 fines, or forfeitures!! This demands a pause. The

of silk

7,203,334 first statesman in Great Britain gives the world to

of flax

3,873,616 understand, that the cotton manufacture has attain

of hemp

1,077,969 ed to its present unexampled prosperity, without the

of iron and steel

2,505,291 aid of the gorernment. Yet, by the very speech, in which this strong declaration is made, it appears Spirits--(5,577,774 gals.)

\lines-(2,101,359 gals.)

1,050,398

2,142,620 that the lowest duty on it is 50 per cent. and that, on

Molasses-(13,117,724 gals.)

2,413,643 certain kinds, the duties are 67 and 75 per cent.!

Teas-(8,934,487 lbs.)

2,786,252 “What would the committee conceive was the « amount of the protecting duty upon the importation Sugar-(94,379,764 lbs.)

Coffee-(39,224,251 lbs.)

5,437,029

5,406,568 " of the foreign manufacture, (cottons:] No less " than 75 per cent. ad valorem on one description of statement of the value of domestic and foreign pro"goods-upon another, 67} per cent.

Upon the

duce exported during the year ending September "Jowest description, it was 50 per cent.”

30, 1923; It further appears, though not stated in the speech,

1823. that certain kinds, embracing a great variety, have Domestic products of sea

1824.

$1,658,244 1,610,990 been, for above a century, and were then, absolutely

forest

4,498,911 4,889,646 prohibited!!! If we had not these facts before our

agriculture 37,646,726 39,995,198 eyes, would they not be absolutely incredible?

manufactures 2,357,527 3,264,421 Let us now take a calm and candid view of the

uncertain

991,020 1,889,245 whole of the details, and it will appear that, so far from allording any countenance to the system which

47,155,408 50,649,500 is here dignified with the name of liberal, and the pursuit of which has indicted on this country all the

Foreign--free of duty 7,696,749 8,115,082 distress it has sufl'ered, they speak the strong lan

paying duty ad val. 8,502,239 9,724,073 guage of condemnation of that system, and the most

specific duties 11,344,544 powerful corroboration of the admirable scheme of

7,498,002 policy pourtrayed with "a pencil of light," by that

27,543,622 25,337,157 prosound statesman, Alexander Hamilton. Had the friends of that policy been praying to heaven for Total, domestic and foreign 74,699,030 75,986,657 soine indisputable facts to lay scepticism prostrate,

Of the erports, the principal articles were-they could not have desired any thing more apropos

1824, than those detailed in the speech of Mr. Huskisson. Domestic--the fisheries $1,658,244 1,610,990 When a nation, which has such transcendent advan.

Jumber

1,446,933 1,734,586 tages, in point of skill, capital, enterprise, internal na

ashes, pot and pearl 1,170,523 1,613,796 vigation, low wages, and, in fine, in every thing ne

naval stores

457,562 555,056 cessary, almost without duties, to secure the domes

wheat fiour and biscuit 6,081,926 5,977,255 tie market, is acknowledged, by a profound British

Indian corn and incal 930,499 736,340 statesman, to require protecting duties of 10, 20, 23

rice

1,820,985 1,882,982 and 30 per cent. lest, perchance, his fellow subjects

tobacco

6,282,672 4,855,566 should be driven from their own markets, what must

cotton

20,445,520 21,947,404 be thought of our politicians, who, in the infirm and

Foreign-specie

6,372,987 7,014,552 infantile state of our manufactures, relentlessly and

coffee

4,262,699 2,823,077 pertinaciously, and, unfortunately, with too much

sugar

1,479,177 998,167 success, struggle against the imposition of duties, 20 or 25 or 30 per cent. for the protection of their selo in 1824, $8,047,578—esport in 1824, 7,014,552; ba

The import of specie in 1823 was $5,097,896; and, low-citizens, and for preventing the ruinous drain of lance in favor of the importation in 1824, $1,033,026. national wealth! I forbear to give the condemnatory response, which I leave to the decision of every uno Statement of the commerce of each state and terribiassed reader.

HAMILTON. tory, commencing on the 1st October, 1823, and Philadelphin, May 19, 1923.

ending on the 30th September, 1824:

1923.

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