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Total value Total value consequently low, and loans for permanent invest

of imports. of exports. ments, wherever a convertible satisfactory security Maine

769,643 900,195 can be presented, may be readily obtained." New Hampshire

245,513 185,383 "I take the liberty to suggest, that a transferable Massachusetts

15,379,758 10,434,328 stock might be created by the national government, Vermont

161,854 208,258 the accounts of which should be kept distinct from Rhode Island

1,388,336 $72,999 those which relate to the funded debt, which ought Connecticut

581,510 575,852 to be preserved in the present regular course of exNew York

36,113,723 22,897,135 tinction. This stock should be rendered solely apNew Jersey

637,518 29,989 plicable to the aid of such improvements as were Pennsylvania

11,865,531 9,364,893 specifically sanctioned by the government, with the Delaware

12,080 18,964 consent of the states in which they were located. Maryland

4,551,642 4,863,233 It might be declared redeemable at the periods when District of Columbia

379,958 722,405

the authorized improvements became productive of Virginia

639,797

3,277,564 income, which periods can now be nearly ascertained North Carolina

465,836 583,733 by precise contracts; the improvements, when proSouth Carolina

2,166,185 8,034,082 ductive of revenue, by being divisible into shares, Georgia

551,835 4,623,982 would be desirable objects in which the funds of Louisiana

4,539,769 7,923,820 states, local corporations and individuals, might be Alabama

91,604 460,727 safely and permanently invested, thereby supplying Ohio

resources for redeeming the national stock which Michigan territory

1,886

had been advanced. Florida territory

6,986

216

"If the first distribution of stock were prndently

made, and in no greater amounts than the public 80,549,007 75,986,657 credit would fully sustain, without displacing that

portion of public industry which will be constantly Internal Improvement.

required for other objects, these immense advantages

might be imparted to the separate states, affording to The following are extracts from that part of the them constant augmentations of their revenues, demessage of governor Wolcott, to the legislature of rived from more temporary loans of public credit, Connecticut, which relates to the expediency of inter- without any actual advances from the treasury. The nal improvements by the general government: operations of these loans of credit, would be wholly

“In my opinion, the period has arrived, when a different from the waste of capital occasioned by comprehensive system of national improvement ought war; they would not diminish those expenditures, to be formed; and I think that the north-eastern which the government may desire to make, as strictly states are invited to co-operate with the rest of the national improvements, from the proceeds of their union, by every consideration arising from a sense of revenues as at present established, and they would exduty, honor and interest. This section embraces a hibit, for the first time, the spectacle of a great pacific great agricultural, commercial and manufacturing nation, acting in concert with its separate members, region. We well understand the mutual relations constantly employing, and, at the same time, augof these interests, and know that they all flourish menting, its resources, by conferring benefits on manbest, when all are impartially protected. Such im-kind." provements as have been noticed, would direct the currents of our rivers upon elevated plains, multiply hydraulic powers, increase the fertility of subja

Rail Roads. cent soil, develope and distribute the treasures in our mountains, animate the industry and enterprise of all We are gratified at perceivi that the subject of the people, connect their interests with those estab- rail roads is exciting considerable inquiry throughout lished on the whole line of sea-coast and with like in- the country, and in the same ratio that canals were terests in the southern states, increase all their rela- projected, commenced and executed, so will rail tions with this state, and enable every portion to par- roads, as we have reason to believe, be found in the ticipate in the immeasurable advantages which the most populous parts of the union. When we take canals of Ne:v York will confer on the western states, into consideration, that, for several months, our caand through them on the new republics of the wost- nals will not be navigable, and the increase of trade ern hemisphere.

will demand improvements in roads, we cannot doubt "It is an interesting subject, to determine the sys- that the experiment will be soon tried, and, if tried, tem by which these great objects can be most advan, we have every assurance of success. We have been tageously accomplished. That they embrace vital favored with the perusal of an English work lately interests in several contiguous states; that the com- published entitled, Observations on a general iron rail pletion of them will occupy a considerable portion of way or land steam conveyance, to supersede ihe necessity time and extensive labors, and require great expen- of horses in all public vehicles

, showing its vast superiority, ditures, is certain. Yet, I believe, that, if they are in every respect, over all the present pitiful methods of concommenced on correct principles, and are wisely and reyance by turnpike roads, canals, and coasting traders; honestly conducted, they will occasion no waste of containing every species of information relative to rail roads public resources; but that, on the contrary, the capi, and locomotive engines, by Thomas Gray. Fifth edition, tals which may be expended, will be replaced, and with plates. London, printed." that the regular incomes that they will produce, will The author, after an introduction, consisting of a supply funds for new combinations and still greater short address to the public, petitions, &c. &c. proimprovements. At the present period, no money is ceeds to the consideration of the advantages which hoarded by civilized and commercial nations, beyond this new system of inland conveyance promises. He what is required for immediate use. A well organiz- commences by a comparison of the cost of canals ed and established public credit is, to them, invalua- and rail ways, the quantity of goods and merchandise ble. The credit of no country is superior to that of transported on cach, and which is preferable and the United States and the eastern states. At the most worthy of national encouragemeni, and this compresent time, great capitali are unemployed, arising parison lie ilustrates by calculations and actual exfrom accumulating dividends, and the extinction of periinent:. national and other debts. The interest of money is! As the subject is one of great interest, and is, at

FROM TIE N. Y. NATIONAL ADVOCATE.

space of time is

this moment, occupying the attention of capitalists, country collectively, they are in debt l.290 per mile. and will shortly be practically considered in this When we take into consideration the expense of state, we deem is adviseable to make a few extracts making our turnpikes, and the little profit they have from the work before us.

yielded, it may be asked whether the whole system The comparative difference between horse and me- should not undergo a change. We have iron in abunchanic power, on rail roads, is a curious calculation, dance, timber and stone in abundance, land is cheap, and is no doubt correct-page 76.

therefore every advantage in making iron rail ways "The real number of wagon, coach and post chaise is thrown in our way, and while their cost cannot be horses on our main turnpike roads, will, perhaps, be much beyond that of ordinary turnpikes, their durafound to exceed 500,000; taking, however, this num-bility, and the despatch which they promote, give ber for a calculation, and computing the value of each them every way the preference. We shall occasionhorse at 1.20, the keep at l.20 cach per annum; in ally keep the subject alive, because it is one which the course of twelve years, allowing for the re- must engage public attention generally. newal of stock every four years, and the interest of the capital, the consequent expense in this limited

L.173,500,000

CHRONICLE. “The expense of 10,000 steam engines,

Mr. Anderson, minister to Colombia, with his fa1.300 each in value, which would, on a ray

mily, has arrived at New York, from Carthagena. way, be more than equivalent to the horse

Thomas M. Rodney, esq. of Delaware, has been appower above stated, amounts to 13,000,000

pointed, by the president of the United States, consu"Interest of this capital for 12

lar commercial agent at Havana, in the place of John years

1,800,000

Warner, esq. deceased. "Fuel necessary to feed the

Mexican consuls. The president of the United steam engines, taken at 14 shil

States has recognized the following consular apa lings per day for each, in 12 years

pointments, viz: amounts to

30,660,000

Ventura Obrigon, as vice consul of the republic of 35,460,000 Mexico, for the port of New York.

Charles Tiernan, as vice consul of the republic of

L. 138,040,000 Mexico, for the port of Baltimore. This is an immense saving. The next in order, is

Henry B. Chew, as vice consul of the republic the locomotive engine, of a four horse power. of Mexico, for the port of Philadelphia. The engine draws 26 wagons; loaded, 68 cwt. each;

Calvin Willey, esq. has been elected a senator of empty, 23 cwt. each; travels at the rate of four miles the United States from the state of Connecticut, on and hour-cost 1.350.

the 4th ballot. For. Mr. W. 114; S. A. Foote 50; Expense of each engine per annum. Wear and tear, Mr. J. S. Peters 14; Mr. Lanman, the late senator, 4; including hemp, tallow, &c. l.102; consumes 9 cwt. and 11 other votes for different persons. a day of coal; 500 gallons of water.

Naval station. It is stated that our vessels, cruisRail roads may be traced as far back as 1680; they ing in the West Indies, are hereafter to resort to Penwere made of wood or ledges, for the purpose of con- sacola, for supplies, &c. on account of the unhealthiveying coal; and, in 1738, iron rail ways were sub- ness of Thompson's Island. But the latter will be ocstituted.

casionally visited, and, no doubt, become a place of "According to Mr. Fulton, the cost of a single rail much trade with Cuba, &c. road, with sufficient crossing places for a descending Baltimore vessels. When the news of the rise in trade, was estimated at 1,6001. per mile. In Dr. An- coffee reached Baltimore, some time ago, the brig vlerson's recreations, 1,0001. is mentioned as the es- Griffin, capt. Farren, was despatched for Port au timate for a double one. However, Mr. Fulton's is Prince, which place she reached in seven days from most likely to be nearest to accuracy, as his calcula- the capes of the Chesapeake, and, being the first vestions were made from observation, and embraced the sel, the object of her voyage was fulfiled. She rewhole minutia of such a work."

turned to this city a few days ago, with a full cargo “An engine of four horse power, employed by Mr. of coffee, having been absentonly thirty-three days! Brenkinsop, impelled a carrage, lightly loaded, at

Counterfeits. Several large issues of counterfeit the rate of ten miles an hour; and when connected bills are afloat. Every body should be cautious with 30 coal wagons, each weighing more than three how they receive the notes of distant banks from tons, it went at about one-third of that space.”

the hands of strangers. A camp of counterfeiters has Now, it may be asked, can four horses drag thirty been broken up in Tennessee. The fellows bad carloaded wagons, of 100 tons, at the rate of three and a ried on an extensive manufactory in a rude mounhalf miles per hour?

tainous part of the country, and made their own pa“The application of the steam engine to impel car- per at a small mill, by then erected, and driven by riages on the public roads, has hitherto been consi- water power. dered as a refinement in mechanics, rather to be wish

Lord Byron. The total sum paid by Mr. Murray to ed for, than a matter of reasonable expectation. It lord Byron, for the copy-right of his principal poems, has, however, been stated, that a vehicle of this de- is ascertained to have been 63,578 dollars. It woula scription is now constructing in Ireland, intended as a appear, from this fact, that fame alone did not induce stage coach; and it is added that, when loaded, will his lordship to court the muses. be equal to four tons; it will be enabled to advance 7 veteran editor. The venerable' John Bradford, at the rate of 15 English miles per hour.”

who established the Kentucky Gazette, at Lexington, In one of the reports published on the subject of nearly 40 years ago, has resumed, at the age of beiron rail ways, it is distinctly stated, that merchan-tween 80 and 90, the editorial charge of that paper. dise can be conveyed on rail roads with more expe The Hessian fly has commenced its ravages on the dition, and at one-fourth the cost of canals.

eastern shore of Maryland. In the light lands, the Speaking of the state of turnpikes in England, it is waste is said to be complete. stated that “none of the turnpike roads defray the Leather sheathing. The Nantucket Inquirer states annual expense of repairs; that the debt is 1.289 per that four ships, now fitting out at that port for long mile, where the receipts are the greatest in the king- voyages to the South Seas, are partly sheathed with dom. Taking all the turnpike roads throughout the I leather.

PRINTED BY WILLIAM OGDLY NILES, AT THE FRANKLIN PSE'S, WATER-STREET, EAST OF SOUTH-STREET.

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EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

(PSeveral of the western members of congress consequences that depended on the proceedings of have addressed their constituents concerning the re- the government and people of the United States, sult of the late presidential election, by the house or was surely justified to himself in resisting the public representatives. Various considerations, of present will, and every considerate man now rejoices that he usefulness and for future reference, have induced me did so-for it was that neutrality, which JEFFERSON to select from those which I have seen, what were and Madison were so anxious to maintain, that urged supposed to be the most pointed, or particular parts, us forward in population, power and wealth with urand give them without comment. They belong to the precedented rapidity, and laid the foundation of the political history of our own times, and occupy a con- present high standing of our country in the estimasiderable portion of this sheet.

tion of the world, by enabling us to bear the brunt of

war, when peace could no longer be preserved withRight of INSTRUCTION. Three essays have been out dishonor. It will then appcar, that there are some received from an unknown correspondent, concerning national matters in which the expressed public voice the right of instruction. They appear to me to be may not be instantly respected-for public feeling written with more than ordinary ability, and, cer- can run away with public judgment; and on constituie tainly, the positions assumed are well defended. The tional questions, the representative must be governed first and second of the numbers, as being immediately by his own sense of the right of them, for his consticonnected, are inserted in the present sheet, and the tuonts cannot dissolve the obigations of his oath. third, which is a broad and general argument on the And further, in respect either to great national or subject, shall have a place in the next.

constitutional matters, it is very possible that the In publishing those essays, it is not to be presumed wishes of the people of a certain state, or district of a that I am disposed to deny or reject the right of in- state, may be opposed to what is manifestly for the struction; but, like every thing else, it should be sub-general welfare of the people of the United States; mitted to liberal and manly discussion. For, however and if this fact shall so present itself to the mind and well satished every republican may be that there are conscience of the representative of that state or discases and circumstances in which it must necessarily trict, will it be contended that he ought to prefer the oxist and ought to be exerted-still, there are others lesser and local, to the greater and general interest? in which it would be very difficult, if not utterly im- I must think that he should not; nor ought he meanly possible, to prescribe the point whereat the right of to shrink from the responsibility of his condition, by the constituent should begin and the discretion of the absenting himself when the vote was about to be representative end: for it cannot be proper that the taken. In my opinion, the present president of the former should force the convictions of the latter, as to United States, when a member of the senate from the what it is his duty to perform under the special obliga state of Massachusetts in 1809, furnished an example, tions of an oath. It is very possible that the represen- in his own person, of the rights and duties of a repretative may have a better knowledge of the facts of a sentalive, which cannot be too highly esteemed; and particular matter than the constituent possesses--and as, perhaps, it was the first full and positive case o that, if such knowledge was equally held by both par- the kind that had occurred since the organization of ties there would not be a difference of opinion be- the government, it possessed peculiar merits whiel. tween them; but this we also know, that the best and were liberally and loudly acknowledged by the repubwisest men oftentimes view the same subject in very licans of that period, and he was admired for his manly different lights and so arrive at opposing conclusions. frankness by many who have not even yet forgive: The people, undoubtedly, possess the right of self-go- his vote in favor of the measures then proposed by vernment, and it is not only just, but also natural, the administration, as necessary to the preservation tbat they who must needs become responsible for of an honorable peace. Mr. Adams very well knew consequences, should have direct influence over the that the legislature of Massachusetts, and the people acts which lead to them; and hence they will dismiss of the state itself, whose representative he was in and disgrace such of their representatives as have the senate, were decidedly opposed to those measures; not yielded obedience to their wishes: but, the re- but he thought them rightful and expedient, and so presentative, for the time which he has been appoint- promptly voted for them, because, if to be adopted ed, must have some discretionary power, else the impo- at all, they would not admit of delay. But he had no sition of an oath of office should cease-even supposing sooner done this than he resigned his seat--that the that the will of his constituents was perfectly known legislature, on behalf of the state, might appoint a to him. The people are generally right, and, at any representative in the senate of the United States, a rate, their opinions are the only opinions that can be consciencious discharge of whose duties would not safely respected as reaching that degree of infallibility conflict with the wishes of his constituents. And. which is presumed to exist in every government, and when we call to mind this remarkable proceeding of must operatively exist in all, for the last appeal-get Mr. Adams, we cannot refrain from being induced to the people may be wrong; and the short period of believe in the sincerity of his declaration, made to our political history presents us with several cases in the committee of the house of representatives in which the majority was evidently mistaken or deceiv- February last, when informed of his election, that, if ed. I will mention one of them—the general desire his refusal to accept the trust delegated, could "give that prevailed, during the presidency of WASHING an opportunity to the people to form and express, Ton, to abandon our character as a neutral power with a nearer approach to unanimity, the object oi and make a common cause with France, in her wars their preference," he would not hesitate to declino with the rest of Europe. So general was this dispo- tbe acceptance of the eminent charge,"? &c. sition, that it required all the popularity of the father But Lam rather running into an essay on the right of his country to support a neutral and pacific posi- of instruction itself and so forestalling my correspontion, though every body is now sensible of the im- dent-whose articles are surely worthy of an attenmense advantages that we derived from it. In that tive perusal, whatever may be our opinion of the arcase the president, who foresai! and calculated thelguiments used by him. The subject, in itself, is ona

VOL. XXVIII---19.

of great interest-and its principle cannot be too, ed Nashville. He was received by the warm-hearted closely investigated.

Tennesseeans in the most handsome manner. The

Nashville Whig has nine heavy columns of matter FOREIGY OPINIONS. The progress of our country detailing what was said and done on the joyous ocmay be observed in the increased attention which the casion. He was first greeted on his arrival by gen. messages and speeches of our presidents, and the pro- Jackson. At the public dinner given to him, there ceedings of our national legislature, receives in every was present Mr. Timothy Demundrune, the first white part of Europe. The strength of the republic be- man who sellled in Tennessee! gins to be ascertained, and it is clearly manifested We shall soon make up an account of the southern that our liberal institutions are about to have a mighty and western tour of our venerable friend, believing it induence over the affairs and the feelings of the peo- better that it should be published together as a record ple of the old world." An American character than given in detached parts. It will occupy many has been established, and, perhaps, the most glorious pages—but our children and children's children will feature of it is, in a steady devotion to the great refer to them with pleasure, and in them fiod essel. principles of our gorernment, and a prompt submis- tent reasons for loving their country. sion to the constitution and the law, though, in cer SOPOn his passage from Nashville to Louisville, in lain cases, we may object to the operation of the the steam boat Mechanic, the general met with a seformer and deem the latter inespedient; and in differ- rious misfortune, but without injury to his person. is about individuals to administer the government, as When about 150 miles below Nashville, the boat ran though our rery lives depended on the success of one on a snag and sunk in a few minutes; so suddenly, thal, candidate or defeat of another!- But the system goes though all the passengers got safe to the shore, the on without interruption, and the nation proceeds in general's carriage, baggage and papers, as well as of population and power unchecked, notwithstanding the other passengers, were all lost, with the exceppersons are much disappointed and favorite theorics tion of five trunks. The Paragon steam boat, passing are rejected: proudly shewing the "safely with down the river just after tlie accident happened, which error of opinion may be tolerated when rca- rounded to, and brought the general with the rest of son is left free to combat it;" and indignantly tram- the passengers, safely to Louisville on the 11th inst. pling under foot the absurd dogma of kings and their lle was expected at Cincinnati on the 19th, after he. priests, that the people are incapable of governing should have visited Lexington and Frankfort, &c. ihemselres, as to that which is best suited to promote their own welfare here and hereafter.

Flour. The large quantity of four exported from There is no country in the world, perhaps, in which the United States to the various ports of South Ameso much respect is paid to the law as in the Uniled rica, yet completely gluts the market. At Buenos States--but a man may live for years among us with Ayres, it was selling at 4 50 to 5 dollars, on board. out even coming into contact with the law or any of Indeed, there appears to be an overstock of goods of itz ministers; and, in the latter, we only sce our all sorts. Domestic shirtings were selling at 152 cents. neighbors, who also desire to be our friends. There are no separated classes with us, save the virtuous THE MAILS. ,The Fayetteville "Obserrer," of the and the vicious—at least, none that are known to 19th inst. says--Mr. McLean, the Post Master Genethe constitution, and so only temporary or artificial. ral, has just added another to his claims on public

We are led to these remarks by seeing the follow- gratitude, for zeal and ability in the discharge of the ing extract from the London-Globe and Traveller of duties of his department. We are informed that he Wie 13th ult. Speaking of the inaugural address of the has given notice to the mail contractors in this place, president, the editors say

that he will shortly make it their duty, on occasions “This eloquent document is not only interesting as of great importance to the commercial community, a manifesto of the intended policy, during his admi- to send express mails on their lines, at the rate of nistration, of the first magistrate of a great republic, 11 miles an hour, and thus, by affording to all the but possesses high merit as a clear and rapid summa- news of important changes in the markets, to put a ry of the past history of the American union. stop to the system of speculation which has lately

"It is the peculiar happiness of America, as well as been so extensively practised by individuals of one a strong proof of the intrinsic advantage of free dis- commercial town on those of another, who were (texion, that, notwithstanding the utmost liberty of not possessed of the same means of information. writing and speaking, no party exists which proposes Pllow this great thing will be accomplished we er wishes for any change in the constitution of the are yet to learn. It cannot easily be done-but, if it union. This liberty, instead of producing that de- is the fact that the post-master general has resolved to sire of unceasing change, which is supposed by the attempt it, we have much confidence of his success, lovers of despotism to be its necessary result, has ge- from the wonderful improvements that he has made nerated no evil, unless we consider as one, a too petu- in the department over which he presides, shewing lint attachment to those institutions which every what may be done by a strong mind devoted to busione, subject to them, may question with the most ness, and indefatigable industry. We have much reascrutinizing reason, or assail with the most unmea son to be grateful to Mr. McLean--this paper now sired invective, and which the people collectively, does not very often fail to arrive at its destination in may alter if they see reason to do so.

due season, except at some of the most distant points, "Mr. Adams' speech is so succinct and so clear, unless in the state of Virginia;* which last is probably that any abstract of its contents, or comment on them, caused by the multitude of small post offices that it is superiluous. He follows the peaceable and manly contains, badly attended to, for the reason that they line of policy of his immediate predecessor; and are un productive of profit. while his knowledge of diplomacy will induce him to avoid any unnecessary offence to foreign powers, he *We feel justified in making this special reference, will maintain, with firmness, the determination ex. because that we have had more discontinuances from pressed by his predecessor, to prevent the holy alli- Virginia, in consequence of the non-arrival of the auce from inierfering with the affairs of America." "Register," than froin any other state, or any two

other states, east, west, north or south-though our LAFAYETTE:--"The good Lafayette," has been re- subscribers in Virginia are not so numerous as in ceived every where with the kindest attentions that several other states. It is proper, however to add, a giateful people could bestow. lle arrived at St. that a considerable improvement is appareaty taking Louis on the 2014 April, and on the 4th instant enter-place.

The BUNKER'S HILL MONUMENT is, it is said, to be has been at all times my highest ambition, and I am a column of granite, 250 feet high, with a circular consoled with the belief, from your approbation of stair-way to the top. Its cost is estimated at 75,000 my public conduct, that my efforts have not been aldollars.

together in vain. Believing, as I do, that our highest

destiny can be fulfilled only by extending and perCoal. It is calculated that about 700,000 bushels fecting the system of education, and maintaining, in of coal, from the Schuylkill beds, via the canal, will their greatest purity and vigor, the right of suffrage be brought to Philadelphia, during the present year and the liberty of the press, by which the ascendancy of which 300,000 are expected to be sent to New of the people, (on which our admirable system exYork.

clusively rests), can only be preserved, I take this

liberty of offering, in conclusion, as a sentimntThe Upper MISSOURI. Four companies of the 1st Education, election and the press— The hope of and six of the 6th reg. U. S. infantry, under general freemen and the dread of tyrants. Atkinson, well provided, were to leave the Council These were some of the remainder of the toasts Bluffs on the 1st of last month, to take post at the drank falls of the Missouri-two thousand miles further up The patriots of South America--We rejoice in that mighty stream.

their success, and hail their Bolivar as a second

Washington. MR. CALHOUN--AT HOME. Pendleton, C. H. April 27. General Andrew Jackson-The measure of his hoOn the arrival of the hon. John C. Calhoun, vice- nors yet unfilled. president of the United States, in the district of The army-Small but well organized: accomplishPendleton, he was invited to partake of a public din-ed and scientific. ber; and, on Tuesday, the 26th inst. agreeably to ar The navy-To our gallant tars we owe the first rangement, an excellent dinner was prepared by Mr. triumphs since our existence as a nation, over the Archer, at which a large and respectable company enemies of our country. assembled. Gen. John B. Earle presided, supported Internal improvement-Guided by the wisdom and by col. Robert Anderson and John L. North esq. as energy of its able advocates, it cannot fail to strengthvice-presidents. After the cloth was removed the fol- en and perpetuate our bond of union. lowing toasts were drank:

There were also many volunteers--most of which Our country-elevated above the kingdoms and were very neat and appropriate. empires of the world, may the duration of her institutions be commensurate with her present progperity.

COM. BARRON. It will be recollected that comma The memory of Washington.

dore Barron, with much delicacy and just feeling, deOur surviving ex-presidents. A nation's grati- clined a public dinner, when he arrived in Philadeltude and respect is the best commentary on their phia, to take charge of the navy yard in that city: virtues.

but, being transferred to that at Norfolk, he partook The president of the United States—The confi- of one given in the Washington Hall Saloon on the dence reposed in him by all his predecessors, war. 17th inst. The mayor of the city presided, and John rants the belief that his administration will be wise Leamy, osq. general Robert Patterson, Josiah Ranand prosperous.

dall, James M. Broom, Chandler Price and Williamı Our distinguished guest, the vice president- The Craig, esquires, acted as vice presidents. Among the plendor of his political career bas extorted the ap- guests were general Cortes, admiral of the Mexican plause of his enemies, reflected lustre on his native navy, commodore Daniels, of the Colombian navy, state, and endeared him to the nation.

colonel Palacio, consul general of Colombia; capThe preceding toast having been drank, the vice- tains Riddle, Dallas and McCall; lieutenants Henry. president arose from his seat, and addressed the com- Page, Gannt and Marsten, and Dr. Harris, of the Ŭ. pasy as follows.

States navy; and major Gamble, of the marine corps. Gentlemen-I would dissemble, were I not to

The following toasts were reciprocated-among confess how much I am gratified with your kind others: reception, for which permit me to make the only

By the president of the day-Commodore Barron return in my power, by tendering you my most grate

--hc takes with bim our best wishes for his health, ful acknowledgments.

happiness and prosperity. It is not for me to speak of my public services, to

After this toast had been drunk, commodore Barwhich you have so flatteringly alluded. I have now ron rose and made a short and pertinent address, in been fourteen years in the service of the union; and, which he returned thanks for the kindness and hosduring that long, and it may be added, eventful period, pitality with which he had been treated by the citiwhether my conduct has been such as to sustain the zens of Philadelphia; that he should ever hold them principles of our government, and to advance the in grateful remembrance, and gave the following lasting interest and honor of the country, I freely sub- toast—"Philadelphia–Justly acknowledged to be first mit to the decision of my fellow citizens. I may, in the arts, and second to none in whatever can con. however, remark, I trust without impropriety, that tribute to the grandeur, respectability and comfort or in every public act of my life, I have at least been go- a city." Ferned by a disinterested and ardent attachment to our admirable system of government. Ever since I The Ohio CANAL. From the Cleveland Hornil, have been capable of reflecting on political subjects, 1 May 13—The board of canal commissioners convenia have been struck with the excellency of our system ed at Wooster on the 5th inst. As was generally anabove all others, ancient or modern; and time and ticipated, they decided in favor of locating the line experience have only strengthened and confirmed my of the canal on the Tuscarawas and Cuyahoga route; early impression. I firmly believe, if its principles of course its northern termination will be Cleveshould be preserved in their origin purity, and if land. The decision of the board was unanimous, the system should be administered with wisdom, it with the exception of Mr. Kelley, who did not vote. will not only elevate our country to a point of pros. The report of the engineers on this subject, we are perity and greatness, exceeding all that ever existed, informed, will soon be published; and we shall takes but, through the force of our example, will diffuse its the earliest opportunity of Jaying it before our readblessings as wide as the limits of civilization and let-ers. It is said to be conclusive, in relation to the two ter3. To contribute to so great and happy a result, lroutes sphich they examined; and it is pressed there

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