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ANSWER

America, which have separated from the mother pressions that my enemies entertain, of my services country, I must observe, that Great Britain has de- in favor of liberty being prompted by ambition. In clared and observed the strictest neutrality in the short, I venture to state to your excellency, with ultcontest between Spain and those provinces, and that usual frankness, which I hope will be excused, that I the same neutrality has been observed in the war think the glory of Colombia will suffer by my contie which now desolates Greece. The rights of Greece, nuance in her territories; inasmuch as it will always as a billigerant power, have been invariably respecto be imagined, that she is threatened by a tyrant; and ed, and the British government was obliged, on a late the outrage, thus offered to me, will, in some sort, taroccasion, to check the excesses that took place in nish the lustre of the virtues, since I form a part, althe exercise of its rights; we hope that such a necessity though the least, of the republic. will not again occur. The provisional governmert I beg your excellency will be pleased to submit to of Greece may depend on the continuation of the the consideration of the senate, my renunciation of neutrality; it may be assured that Great Britain will the presidency of Colombia. Its admission will be take no part in any attempt to impose upon it by force an ample recompense for my services in both repub. a plan for the re-establishment of peace contrary to lics. its wishes, if such a one should ever be proposed. But Your excellency will please to accept the assurance should the Greeks ever think it adviseable to ask our of my distinguished consideration. mediation, we will offer it to the porte; and, if it is

SIMON BOLIVAR accepted, we will neglect nothing to make it effec Lima, December 22, 1825. tual, in concert with the other powers whose interventions would facilitate the arrangement. This is, To his excellency the liberator and president of the repub. in our opinion, all that can be reasonably required of

lic of Colombia. the British ministers. They have not to reproach

SENATE HOUSE, BOGOTA, themselves with having directly or indirectly excited

February 11, 1925-15.} the Greeks at the beginning of their enterprise, or Excellent sir: In conformity with the communica with having, in any manner, impeded its progress. tion I had the honor to make to your excellency in my Connected, as we are, with the porte by the existing note of the 1st instant, I assembled the two legisla friendly relations and by ancient treaties, which the tive chambers on the 8th instant, at night, in order to porte has not violated, it can certainly not be expect deliberate, in their wisdom, on the renunciation made ed that England should commence hostilities which by your excellency of the presidency of the republice that power has not provoked, and take part in a con- The communication of your excellency having beets test which is not ours.

read, and this delicate affair proposed for discussion, I hope what I have had the honor to represent to a most profound and dignified silence prevailed for you, will remove every kind of suspicion or reproach, some time. This truly expressive silence~a silenco which error or intrigue may have caused, respecting more eloquent than human language, continued for the sentiments of the British government towards the space of fifteen minutes. The females, and numethe Greeks, and be received as a proof of the purity rous spectators, who occupied the galleries of the of our intentions and of the frankness with which senate, were immoveable, and anxiously awaited the we are ready to avow them.

decision of the legislature. At length the question of I have the honor to be, &c.

the retirement of yourexcellency was put to the vote, (Signed)

CANNING. and I have the pleasure of announcing its rejection Algemeine Zeitung, April 9.]

by the seventy-three members composing the congress; namely, twenty-one senators, and fifty-two rc

presentatives. Then it was that this amiable people Bolivar, of Colombia.

--this people that adores its liberator, could not reThe third renunciation of the presidentship of Colombia strain its transports of joy. The clapping of hands made by the liberator.

was heard for the first time in the chamber. Your

excellency was cheered with the most lively entiruExcellent Sir: The peace of Peru, which our arms siasm, and the legislators also were applauded for bare effected, by the most glorious victory of the having manifested so correct a judgment in this new world, has terminated the war on the American august deliberation. All was joy, all was gaiety continent. Thus Colombia has no longer an enemy The people, sir, kner not how to express their feels in her own territories, or in those of her neighbors. ings of satisfaction, tenderness and pure delight. It I have therefore fulfilled my mission, consequently it short, they proved how precious to them was the fais time to realize the promise I have so often made to ther of Colombia, the friend of the human race, in # my country, of retiring from public life when an ene- modo as sincere as it was energetic. Your excellerimy was no longer to be found in America.

cy would have been deeply affected, had you, (fortue All the world observes and confesses that my con- nately for us), beheld this moving scene. The chetinuance in Colombia is no longer necessary, and no rished, the respected name of Simon Bolivar, resoundone is more sensible of this fact than myself. I must ed throughout Bogota, and the numerous assemblage eren add that I decm my glory at its height, on be- of both sexes, that with contented hearts crowded the holding my country free, consolidated and tranquil, streets, contributed to the solemnity of this act of ere l withdraw from its glorious shores. My absence congress. There was not an individual who did not in Peru has manifested the truth of this fact, and I repose more tranquilly for knowing that yoor excels Batter myself that, in future, the liberty and glory of lency continued in the presidency of the republic. Colombia will still further increase. The legislative Such are the events of the memorable night of se body, the vice president, the army, and the nation, sth of February, which I have the satisfaction of com have demonstrated, in the very outset of their career, municating to your excellency. that they are worthy of liberty, and fully capable of Your excellency will please to accept the schitsustaining it against every opposition. Let me ho- ments of my distinguished consideration and respect, nestly confess to your excellency, that I wish that both

LUIS A. BARAULT, Europe and America should be satisfied of my abbur

President of the senale, rence of supreme power, under whaterer aspect or name it may be conferred on me. My feelings are Prirale letter from general Canteruc to his excelleney the wounded by the atrocious calumnics lavished on me,

liberalor, Don Simon Bólicar. at once by the liberals of America, and the serviles of As a lover of glory, although vanquished, I cancox Europe. Day and night I ain disquieted by the im- Savoid congratuitating your cellenag on baring !""

TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE.

minated your enterprise in Peru, by the memorable, to any other foreign country; neither shall any prohio achievement of Ayacucho. Under this impression, bition of importation be laid by either, which does I have the honor to introduce myself to you, and also not extend to all other nations. to salute you in the name of the other Spanish gene 5. (Provides that no new or greater duties or rals.

charges shall be laid by either party, in the form of I am your humble and obedient servant,

port charges, tonnage duties, salvage, pilotage, &c.

JOSE CANTERAC. on vessels belonging to the other, of a burthen more Huamanga, December 12, 1824.

than 120 tons, than are paid by their own vessels.] From the government press of Lima.

6. The same duties shall be paid, at the introduc

tion of any article of British product or manufacture, Extract from Dolivar's second refusal of the million nf dol- into the United Provinces, whether it is brought in

lars decreed to him by the congress of Perit. British or Buenos Ayrean vessels; (and vice versa:"repeat that, without accepting the favor in ques- also, the same system is established with regard to tion, my services have already been rewarded in an exportation.] infinitely greater degree than had ever been hoped. 7. To prevent any misunderstanding, on what shall Your excellency knows,” (he addresses the presi- constitute a vessel of either nation, it is stipulated, dent), “that congress has omitted nothing calculat- for the present, that all vessels built in the dominions ed to be honorable to me. They have pamed me of his Britannic majesty, owned, manned and comfather and saviour of Peru; they have decreed me manded, according to the laws of Great Britain, shall perpetual president; thay have ordered a medal to be be considered as British vessels: and that all vessels struck with my portrait, they have called me libera- built in the territories of the said provinces, and duly tor, they have invested me with the command of owned and commanded by citizens of the same, or Peru; and, finally, offered me an enormous fortune. any of them, and whose captains and three-fourths of I have accepted with pleasure all except the last: that whose crews are citizens of the said provinces, shall I am forbidden to accept by the laws of my country be considered as belonging to those provinces. and those of my own heart."

8, 9, 10 and 11. (These articles relate to the rights Extract from the reply of the president. and privileges of individuals, the appointment of conEXCELLENT SIR_-"The congress to whom I have suls, &c. &c.] made known the repeated and absolute negative of 12. The subjects of his Britannic majesty, resiyour excellency to receive the million of dollars dents in the provinces of Rio de la Plata, shall not be which they decreed to place at your disposition, as a disturbed, persecuted nor molested, on account of slight testimony of the inestimable benefits for which their religion, but shall enjoy PERFECT LIBERTY OF the nation is indebted to you, have determined, that coNSCIENCE, being allowed to perform divide worI shall inform your excellency that, while they re- ship either in their own houses or in their own prispect your decision, they sensibly regret to see their vate churches and chapels, which they shall be perdesigns on this subject frustrated; and that, not feel- mitted to build and maintain, in convenient situations, ing themselves at liberty to press it a third time, after approved of by the government of the said provinces, the decided expressions contained in your last note, and the subjects of his Britannic majesty, who shall take the liberty set to request that you will appro- die in the territories of the provinces, shall be allowpriate the said million to works of beneficence in fa- ed burial in their own cemeteries, which they shall vor of the fortunate place of you nativity, and for any be free in the same manner to form and maintain. other parts of the republic of Colombia which you [Equal privileges are also stipulated to the other may think proper.

party.)

13. (This article relates to the disposal of private

property.) Great Britain and Buenos Ayres. 14. His Britannic majesty, anxiously desiring the [TREATY.]

abolition of the slave trade, the United Provinces of Rio Art. 1. There shall be perpetualamity between the de la Plata oblige themselves to co-operate with his dominions and subjects of his majesty, the king of Britannic majesty, for the accomplishment of so bethe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, neficent a work, and to prohibit all persons, residing and the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata and their in the same provinces, or subject to their jurisdiction, inhabitants.

in the most efficacious manner, and by the most so2. There shall be a reciprocal freedom of com- lemn laws, from taking any part in that traffic. merce between the territories of his Britannic ma 15. The present treaty shall be ratified, and the rajesty in Europe, and the territories of the United Pro- tifications exchanged in London, within four mooths, vinces of Rio de la Plata. [The article details thc or sooner if possible. privileges to be enjoyed in entering the ports, resid In testimony of which, the respective plenipotentiaing in the country, &c.)

ries have signed and sealed it with their seals. 3. The king of Great Britain further agrees, that Done in Buenos Ayres, Feb. 2, 1825. the inhabitants of the said provinces, shall enjoy as

(SEALS.) MANUEL J. GARCIA. great privileges of trade and navigation in his do

WOODBINE PARISH. minicns, out of Europe, as any other nation what [To this was added, on the 19th Feb. the signature

of the gov. of Buenos Ayres.] 4. No new greater duties shall be imposed on the

JUAN GREGORIO DE LA HERAS. importation of the articles of production, cultivation or manufacture of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, into the dominions of his Britannic majesty,

Colombian and Mexican Treaty. nor on the importation of the articles of production,

(TRANSLATION.) cultivation or manufacture of the said dominions, into Treaty of amnity, league and confederation, betrocen the rethe said provinces, than those now paid, or which public of Colombia and the fiexican nalion, concluded shall be paid for those same articles, when produc at Mexico the 3d oj October, 1923, and presented to the ed, cultivated or manufactured in other foreign coun sovereign constiluent congress for its examination and tries; nor shall any such duties be imposed in any of approval. the territories of cither of the contracting parties, on In the name of Gol, sovereigu governor of the universe. the esportation of any description of articles, to the The govern:nent of the republic of Colombia, on territories or dominions of the other, than are now the one part, and on the other that of the Mexican paid or shall be paid on the exportation of the same Iration, animated with the most sincere desire of ter

1

evor.

minating the calamities of the present war, to which 7th. In order to put a stop to the scandalous abuses they have been provoked by the government of his which privateers, armed on account of individuals, Catholic majesty, the king of Spain, being determin. may cause on the high sea, to the prejudice of the naed to use all their resources and forces by sea and tional commerce and that of neutrais, both parties land for effectually maintaining their liberty and in- agree to extend the jurisuiction of their tribunals or dependence, and desirous that his league be general maritime courts to the privateers which sail under among all the states of America, formerly Spanish, the flag of either, and their prizes indiscriminately, that, united, strong and powersul, they may sustain, whenever they are unable to sail easily to the ports in cominon, the cause of their independence, which whence they proceeded, or when there are appearis the primary object of the present coutest, have ap- ances of their having comunitted excesses against the pointed plenipotentiaries to discuss, arrange and con- commerce of neutral nations, with whom both states clude a treaty of union, league and confederation, to desire to cultivate the greatest harmony and good unwit:

derstanding His exellency the liberator, president of Colombia, 8ih. Both parties mutually guarantee the integrity the honorable Miguel de Santa Maria, minister plenic of their territories on the same footing on which ihey potentiary and envoy extraordinary of this republic, were before the present war, equally recognising, as tear the government of Mexico; the supreme govern- integral parts of either nation, all the provinces which, ment of the Mexican nation, his excellency D. Lucas although formerly governed by authority totally inAlaman, secretary ad interim of state, and of the de dependent of that of the ancient viceroyships of Mexspatch of foreign and domestic relations; who, after ico and New Granada, have been made, or will be haring exchanged their full powers, found in good made, in a legitimate manner, to form one entire and due form, have agreed upon the follwing arti-body of nation with them. cles:

9th. The specified demarkation of all and each of Article Ist. The republic of Colombia and the Mes- the parts which compose the integrity mentioned in ican nation are united, leagued and confederated, the preceding article, shall be made, by express defrom henceforth forever, in peace and war, to main-claration and mutual recognition of both parties, as tain, with their influence and forces, by sea and land, soon as the next constituent Mexican congress has as far as circumstances permit, their independence decreed the constitution of the nation. of the Spanish nation, and of any other foreign do 10th. Ji, unfortunately, the interior tranquility minion whatever, and to secure, after its recognition, shall be interrupted in any part of the states mention their mutual prosperity, the greatest harmony and ed, by men, turbulent, seditious, and enemies of the good understanding, as well between the people, sub-government, lawfully constituted by the will of the jects and citizens of both states, as with all other people, freely, quietly, and peaceably expressed in powers with whom they ought to enter into relations. virtue of their laws, both parties engage solemnly and

d. The republic of Colombia and the Mexican and formally to make cominon cause against ihem, nation, therefore, promise and contract, spontaneous mutually assisting each other with whatever means ly, a perpetual agreement of intimate alliance and may be in their power, until the re-establishment of firm and constant friendship, for their common de-order and the empire of the laws, in the terms and fence, binding themselves to mutual succour, and to under the conditions expressed in the 20 and 5th artirepel in common every attack or invasion which may, cles. in any manner,

threaien the safety of their indepen 11th. Every person who, raising sedition, shall take dence and liberty, their mutual and general good, and up arms against either government, established by the their internal tranquility, whenever for this last case legitimate mcans expressed in the former article, aud, a request precedes by one or other of both govern- tlying from justice, may be found in the territory of meots lawfully established.

any of the contracting parties, shall be delivered up 3d. In order to concur in the objects indicated in and sont to the disposal of the government which has tha former article, the contracting parties engage cognizance of the crime, and in whose jurisdiction mutually to assist each other with the number of land hc ought to be tried, as soon as the party offended forces which may be agreed upon by particular con- makes his domand in form. Deserters from the arventions, as circumstances require, and whilst the mics and naval forces of either party shall be includa ljecessity or utility of them lasts.

ed in this article. 4th. The national marine of both parties, what 12th. To unite more closely the chains which ever it may be, shall be in the same manner disposed should unite both states in future, and remove every for the fulálment of the preceding stipulations. dificulty which may present itself, and in any way

5th. In sudden cases of inutual assistance, both par- interrupt their good correspondence and harinony, ties may act in a hustile manner with all their dispos- there shall be formed an assembly, composed of two able forces in the territories of the dependence of plenipotentiarics for each party, in the sanie terms either, whenever the circumstances of the moment and with the same formalities which, in conformity do not permit both governments to deliberate. But with the established usages, ought to be observed for the party which may thus act, shall be bound to fulfil, the appointinent of ministers of the same class near and cause to be fullilled, the statutes, ordinances and the governments of foreign nations. la ivs of the respective state, as far as the circumn 13th. Both partics bind themselves to interposc stances themselves permit it, and cause its govern- their good ofices with the governments of the other ment to be respected and obeyed. The expenses that states of America, formerly Spanish, to enter into may be incurred in these operations shall be liqui- this pact of union, league and perpetual confedera dated hy separate agreements, and shall be discharg- tion. ed in one year after the conclusion of the present 14th. As soon as this grand and important object

has bocn allained, a general assembly of the Americih. Doth contracting parties bind themselves to can statcs shall meci, composed of their plenipotenfurnish what assistance may be in their power, to the diaries, with the charge of increasing, in the most soships of war and merchantincn that shall arrive in the lid and stable manner, the intimate relations which ports belonging to them, on accouni of damage or any ought to exist between all and each of them, and other cause; and they may, therefore, careen, repair, which may act as a council in great condicis,' as a furnish themselves with provisions, arm, increase point of contact in common dangers, as a faithful intheir armament and their crews, so as to be able to terpreter of their public weaties when difliculues ous continue their voyages or cruises, at the expense of cur, and as an arbiliarur aid conciliator in their dja the state or individuais to whom they belang putes aro :9-es

war.

15th. The isthmus of Panama being an integral to death, by a court martial, during the late war, for part of Colombia, and the most fit point for that au- his surrender of Detroit, but pardoned, with the pro gust assembly, this republic cheerfully engages to clamation, that "the roll of the army should not be furnish the plenipotentiaries, who compose the as longer dishonored by having upon it the name of brig, sembly of the American states, with all the aids gen. William Hull." which hospitality demands among brothers, and the Lieut. Carter, of marines, who was suspended from sacred and inviolable character of their persons. the service for six months, by the naval court mar

16th. The Mexican nation, henceforward, lays tial, held on board the North Carolina 74, in Februzitself under an equal obligation, whenever, by the ry last, has been ordered to duty by the president of events of the war, or by the consent of the majority the United States. of the American states, the said assembly meets in Military acaulemy. The following gentlemen hara the territory of their dependency, in the same terms been appointed, by the secretary of war, the board in which the republic of Colombia has engaged itself of visitors to attend the annual examination at West in the preceding article, as well with respect to the Point: John S. Parrott, of N. H. John Forsyth, of isthmus of Panama, as to any other point of its juris- Geo. James Hamilton, jr. of S. C. members of condiction, which may be thought proper for this most gress-gen. Hugh Mercer, of Va. col. Abram Eusti, interesting purpose, by its central position between of the artillery school, professors Everett, of Boston, the states of North and South America, formerly and Dewey, or Williamson college, John s. Skinner, Spanish.

of Baltimore, and the rev. O. Brown, of Washington. 17th. This part of union, league and perpetual con- city. federation, shall not, in any manner, interrupt the Connecticut. The two branches of the legislature exercise of the national sovereignty of each of the have, at last, agreed, and Mr. Willey is elected a contracting parties, either as regards their laws and senator of the United States for six years, from the the establisment and form of their respective govern- 4th March last. ments, or their relations with other foreign govero South Carolina. William Drayton, esq. has been ments. But they bind thomselves, expressly and irre- elected a member of congress, in the place of Me vocably, not to accede to the demands of indemnifica- Poinsett, appointed minister to Mexico, by a majori, tion, tributes or exaetions, which the Spanish go-ty of 666 votes. verament may bring forward for the loss of its an Providence, R. 1. A destructive fire happened in cient supremacy over these countries, or any other this delightful town, during the last week.Il broke nation whatever, in their name and stead, nor to en-out adjoining the Universalist church, and that fine ter into any treaty with Spain, or any other nation, dwelling, with several others, was soon consumed. to the prejudice and diminution of our indepen. So rapid were the flames, that the goods and furnidence, maintaining, on all occasions, and every ture in some of the houses could not be removed and where, their mutual interests, with the dignity and saved--and there were 90 bales of cotton and 300 bls. energy, proper to nations, free and independent, of whiskey in the cellar of the church, which were friendly, brotherly and confederated.

wholly lost. No estimate is made of the entire loss 18th. This treaty of amity, league and perpetual sustained, but its amount must be a very large one confederation, shall be ratified by the government of Besides the church, eleven buildings, some of thet the Mexican nation within the space of two months, large, were destroyed, and several others much incounting from the date, and by that of the republic of jured. The church cost $19,000. Colombia as soon as the consent and approbation of New York. On Wednesday, last week, the subcongress can be obtained, in conformity with the scription books of the dry dock company, at Nest second section of the 18th article of the constitution York, were closed in ten minutes after they were of the republic. The ratifications shall be exchanged opened: and nearly three times the amount of the without delay, and in the time which the distance, capital, which is 700,000 dollars, was offered in that which separates both governments, permits.

time. In faith whereof, the aforesaid plenipotentiaries Delaware and Raritan canal. Accounts from New

have signed this convention, and sealed it with Brunswick state that thirteen millions of dollars were their respective seals.

subscribed to this canal before the books were closed Done in the city of Mexico, this 3d day of October, on the 25th ult. The treasurer of New Jersey has

1823. 13th of the independence of Colombia, received the bonus of 100,000 dollars.

and 3d of that of Mexico. L. s.) Seal of Colombia. MIGUEL SANTA MARIA. con office, dated 30th May, states, about three weeks

Horridl affair. A proof-slip, from the Norfolk Bear L.S.) Seal of Mexico. LUCAS ALAMAN.

ago, the bodies of four men were picked up, one on

the south and three on the north side of Currituck CHRONICLE.

inlet, all of them having their heads and hands cut off;

from one of them, the blood flowed freely when The secretary of war lest Washington on Wednesday found. The above men are supposed to have com: last, to be present at the examination of the cadets at posed part of a crew in a state of mutiny. IVest Point. Rufus King, esq. our minister to England, with his

Died, lately, in Halifax county, N. C. Lucy, a nefamily and suite, has sailed from New York for Li- gro woman, aged 114 years--she was brought from verpool, in the packet ship Pacific. As the steam- Africa 100 years before the time of her death. boat, (carrying the passengers to the Pacific), passed

in Colrain, Rhode Island, in the 80th year of the Colombian frigate, lying at anchor, the officers his age, Thomas Avery, esq. an officer in the revolurun-up upwards of fisty Bags in the course of a mi- tionary war, disabled in the action on Long Island, in

1776. nute, and fired a salute. A salute was also fired from the cutter lying off the Battery.

near Murseesborough, Tenn. on the 14th ult. De Witt Clinton, governor of New York, is on a general Joseph Dickson, in the soth year of his age-a visit to Philadelphia.

gallant officer in the revolutionary war. Com. Barron has taken command of the navy yard Emigration. The goveroment of the grand duch: at Norfolk.

of Hesse has taken measures to check the spirit o Gen. Hull. A public dinner, it seems, has been emigration to America, which begins to degenerate given at Boston to general Hull, who was sentenoed into a real mania. (Brussels paper, April 19.

PRINTED BY WILLIAM OGDEN NILES, 17 THE FRAXININ PR75S, WATER-STREET, EAST OF SOUTH-STREET.

THIRD SERIES.

No. 15—Vol. IV.).

BALTIMORE, JUNE 11, 1825.

(Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE NO. 717

THE PAST-THE PRESENTS FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

PA large part of the present nomber is taken Mr. Clay, on his journey home, has been treated up with the message of the governor of Georgia, to with the most polite attention at many places, and the legislature of that state, and an extract from a partook of public dinners at several of which some pamphlet of 106 pages, published by com. Porter, de- account shall be given hereafter. fending his conduct. They will both claim an atteptive perusal, and it is important that they should Gov. CLINTON has received the kindest attenbe preserved. Parts of the message will be read with tions in Philadelphia--some of which shall be noticed regret: some of the documents which accompany it hereafter. He is about to proceed to Ohio, by invishall be inserted in our next. It would have been tation from the state, to assist in the concerns of the well, we think, that the gallant commodore had sus- great canal. pended the publication of his defence, until the proceedings of the court of inquiry were made known; STOCKS. If subscriptions to the stocks of banks, but this cannot lessen either his right to be heard, or canals, &c.l are to be taken as evidence of surplus the disposition of the people to listen to him. The capital, it would appear that, in New York and other documents and papers which precede or follow the places, money is very abundant indeed. Lately, at defence, are too voluminous for insertion; but it may Albany, the stock books, for the new Commercial be necessary that, to a right understanding of the bank, were opened to raise a capital of 300,000-but case, some of them should appear in the Register. 1,500,000 dollars were subscribed.

AMERICAN STOCKS—London, April 28. Three per “Pass, IF YOU PLEASE!" This is a favorite saying cents. 80; four and a half, 95: sixes, 1813, 93; '14, with slight-o'-hand-men when performing their tricks. 95; '15, 98ļ, New York fives, 1937, 102; '45, 101; We had taken the liberty to laugh at the late impor- sixes, '42, 115; bank shares, 241. 17s.6d. tation of British opinions about the freedom of trade, and now have before us a sketch of the earl of Liver

Cotton. The import into Great Britain for the pool's speech in the house of Lords on the 5th April, present year, up to 29th April, was 200,000 bags in which he talks a great deal about “free trade,”

last year, in the same time, 182,000. Many heavy but says that nothing will be done in relation to the ships were expected from Maranham, and the arrival corn laws "al present.” So that the British people, of some large quantities had rather checked speculawho manufacture tapes and bobbins, will not be al- tions in the article; but the price had not fallen. It lowed to eat bread made out of American wheat, was, however, supposed that it would declino ld. or though it might be had in exchange for these indis- 11d. per pound. pensible articles, and even at half the priee which may be payable for the British product. The readers of Thompson's ISLAND, OR Key West. A letter dated the Recister will recolleet I said, that these pretty Havana, May 21, says-—“There is nothing new here, little tales about "relieving trade of its shackles” except that an order was issued yesterday, from the were made for "exportation." On the 28th April, intendancy, which equalizes the duty on foreign the house of commons refused, (187 to 47-majority flour when imported either in Spanish or foreign ves240!) to go into committee of the whole to consider sels; that is to say-if imported from any country the corn laws,-Mr. Huskisson, himself, decidedly but Spain, flour is to pay $7 374 per barrel duty; opposing the motion, declared that the British corn whereas, formerly, if imported in Spanish vessels, it grower must be protected against the competition of the fo- paid only $5 044 duty. This is a severe blow against Teign farmer, who can raise his product at half the ex-l the prosperity of Key West, which was flourishing – pense that falls on the British agriculturalist! ! !

at the expense of Baltimore, Philadelphia and HaSo the “free trade" story

"Like that about the fiddle,
Breaks oil in the middle."

Forgert was the unpardonablo offence in Great The speeches reserred to shall be further notic- Britain-but Savary's sentence has been commuted ed. They arc exactly built upon the principles sup- for transportation for his life. As this giant-maker ported by Mr. Clay and other friends of the "Ame- of other men's names has been spared, we nave a nope rican system"-principles that never will be aban- that the little dealers in such matters will be permitdoned by Great Britain. She will never give up herted to escape hereafter. But, "one murder makes a inarket to foreign competition, unless as to articles villain, millions a hero"--and it is always safest to which she can make or produce on lower terms than be "a rogue of distinction.” any other nation can make or produce them! Thus, perhaps, if there is a duty on coal, it may be reduced CARGOES OF COTTON. A writer, in the New York But a merit would be made eycn of that!! Gazette, states some curious facts, interesting to mer

chants and cotton dealers. "He has seen delivered

from one ship in Whampo:, in China, seven thousand Gex. Lafayette entered Pittsburg on Monday, bales of cotton from Bombay, each bale weighing last week, and was received in ample form and with three hundred and fifty pounds. The weight of this the kindest attention. He departed on Wednesday cargo was two millions four hundred and fifty thoufor Erie.

sand pounds. The Bombay bale of cotton measures By the unfortunate sinking of the steam boat Me- only fifty-seven inches in length, twenty-two in depth, chanic, general Lafayette lost his carriage and hat- and twenty in breadth. The cargo above-mentionea all the papers which he had preserved during his was, at that tim, worth, in Canton, three hundred anci journey about six hundred letters from various ninety-two thousand dollars. The writer furthe: parts of the union, most of which were unanswered states that the largest ships trading to Canton beloni, --and a great number of answers, which hc had prc- to the English East India Company; they vary from pared during twelve days' navigation.

twelve to fourteen hundred tons, according to their Vol. XXVIII.-15.

vana."

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