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registers, and carry from two thousand to two thou- where it hath been practised, and for the more quiet sand two hundred ions of cargo. One of these ships and peaceable government of this province, and the will take to England twenty thousand chests of tea, better to preserve mutual love and unity among tlie besides other goods.

inhabitants, no person or persons whatsoever, within

this province, or the islands, ports, harbors, creeks, WASHINGTON AND Lararerte. From the memoirs or havens thereunto belonging, professing to believe of (the old) count Segur:

in Jesus Christ, shall, from henceforth, be any ways "One of my most eager wishes, on my arrival in 1-oubled, molested or discountenanced, for, or in rethe United States, was to see the hero of America, spect of, his or her religion, nor in the free exercise general Washington. Marshal Rochambeau had the thereof, within this province, or the islands there. goodness to introduce me to him, in his camp. Often, unto belonging, nor any way compelled to the belief reality falls far below imagination, and admiration or exercise of any religion against his or her consent, diminishes when its object is seen too near. But, at so that they be not unfaithful to the lord proprictory, the sight of Washington, I found a perfect agreement or molest or conspire against the civil government betiveen the impression which his appearance made established, or to be established, in this province, upon me and the idea which I had formed of him. under him or his heirs"-Bacon's laws, 1649, ch. I. His exterior almost spoke his history: simplicity, dig

This law was passed by an assembly composed ennity, sedateness, goodness, firmness-these qualities tirely of Roman catholics, and is the more remarkawere marked in his face and port, as well as in his ble, as being the first legislative act, it is believed, character. His stature was noble, lofty; the expres- which is recorded to have been passed by any gosion of his features benevolent, though energetic; vernment in favor of unlimited toleration. Pend's his smile agreeable; and his manners were simple memorable law to this effect, for the regulation of without familiarity. There was nothing about him his colony, was not made till more than thirty years of the parade common with the generals of our mo- afterwards, that is, 1682. There is a remarkable coinnarchies-all bespoke the hero of a republic; he incidence in the spirit of the two, as will be seen by spired rather than commanded respect; you saw in the following clause in Penn's law, whieh declares-the eyes of all around him true affection and entire that all persons living in the province, who confess conhdence. His quarters, at a small distance from and acknowledge the one Almighty and Eternal God to the camp, exhibited the image of that order which be the creator, upholder, and ruler of the world, and reigned in the whole tenor of his life and conduct. hold themselves obliged in conscience to live peaceAny other man than Washington would have failed ably and justly in civil society, shall, in nowise, be in ihe attempt to overcome the difficnlties of his si. molested for their religious persuasion, or practice, tuation: his genius and wisdom may be appreciated in matters of faith and worship.” This law, it must merely from the fact that, amid the storms of a re- be remembered, was the result of the enlightened volution, he commanded, during seven ycars, the views and benevolence of a single individual, while army of a free people, without exciting the least fear that of Maryland was the spontaneous act of an asin his country or the least distrust in congress." sembly of the people. (North American Rerie.

Segir relates that the acquaintance and even the nearest relatives of Lafayette entirely mistook the cast of his character in his youth. They supposed First SETTLENENT or PHILADELPHIA. It was a ré him to be limid, cold and inert. “As he had opened mark of one of the wiscst and best men, whom the to me his project of going to aid America,” adds the world has seen, that there exists, in the economy and count, “I could not refrain from smiling, when mar- course of nature, av indissoluble union between virshal Noailles, and other persons of his family, begged tuc and happiness, between duly and advantage, beme to exert my influence over him to warm his cold-tween the genuine maxims of an honest and magnaness, to rouse him from his indolence, and to com- nimous policy, and the solid rewards of public prosmunicale a little fire to his chararter." Lafayette perity and felicity. By the writer of a brief histury had, when young, a grave and reserved mien, and of Philadelphia, this remark of Washington is quoted, seemed to labor under an embarrassing diffidence. as being fully illustrated in the rise and growth of that Tbis, contrasted as it was with the common forward city. And, indeed, there are many associations confrivolity and loquacity of the French of his age, caus- nected with the origin of Philadelphia, its progress ed his nature to be wholly misunderstood.

and history, equally grateful to the philanthropist and Segur was at Spa, when the intelligence of the Amc- the patriotic citizen of the United States. Its foundarican revolution reached Europe. Spa was crowded tion was laid in peace and concord. Our ancestors, with risiters from all parts; with English, French, in general, however gently we may touch their moGermans, &c. "I recollect," he observes, "that the tives and temper, merit little for their wisdom and Americans were then called insurgents and Bostonians discretion, in their conduct with the Indians. They --their courageous deportment electrified all hearts; were too prone to look on the wild man as an inferior excited general admiration, especially among the being, and to set themselves up as lords over bis young men; and, at this watering place, where were rights and property, without remembering that they so many travellers, casual and voluntary deputies were intraders on his soil, or condescending to meet from all the monarchics of Europe, I was particularly him even in the land of his fathers, on equal and amicastruck to sec so lively and general an interest awaken- ble terms. To the reproach of many of our progenied for the revolt of a people against a king." tors, whose virtues in other respects speak volúmes

in their praise, the sword was too often made by them TOLERATION OF THE EARLY SETTLERS OF MARYLAND the charter of their rights and the instrument of gainANO PENNSYLVANIA. It is a curious fact, and one ing ascendancy over the natives. which reflects the greatest credit on these early colo But the memorable interview of William Penn pists, that fifteen years after they first landed, the gene- with the Indians, on the bank of the Delaware, exhiral assembly of the people passed an act, entitled an bited a different scene; the even scales of justice and act concerning religion, in which the great principles the mild persuasion of Christian love, were the power of religious toleration and liberty are recognised in erful engines with which he swayed the barbarian their fullest latitude. The following is an extract from mind, and taught the savage to confide in the sincethe act itself.

rity of the white man; and the first page in the an"Whereas the enforcing of the conscience, in mat-nals of Philadephia is one of the brightest in the histers of religion, hath frequently fallen out to be of tory of mankind, recording an event, not more to the dangerous consequence in those commonwealths'credit of the wise and bencvolent legielator, through

whose agency it happened, than honorable to huma- prosperity of the bold and hardy settlement of Nannily itself. It was here, also, that religious toleration tucket. was made the basis of a government at its beginning, "At the present time the inhabitants of Nantucket and religious freedom established at a time when the may probably be computed at 7,000. The whole yoke of bigotry and superstition was bowing to the number of ships belonging to this port, is between dust the necks of almost all the inhabitants of civiliz- 60 and 70-averaging more than 300 ions each. About ed Europe. In latter times it was here, that the first 60 sail, exclusive of brigs and smaller craft, are now congress of the colonies assembled, and the articles engaged in the whale fishery; the residue are emof-confederation and union were agreed upon; and it ployed in the freighting business, chiefly belween was here that American indeper. lence was first de- southern ports and Europe. Altogether, there are clared. This city was moreover the residence of nearly 20,000 tons of shipping embarked in the whale Franklin, Rittenhouse, Rush, and of other men, who fisheries alone, from this place. Of the ships, about contributed to achieve our nation's liberties, and who | 20 are now in port, and upwards of forty absent: some deserve a pation's gratitude.

of the latter procuring oil, at a distance from home [. North American Review. equal to one half the earth's circumference! Others

may be found, scattered along the entire coast of the CANAL ANECDOTES. Several letters have recently South American continent, from the gulf of Mexico appeared in the New York Statesman, from a travel to that of California-and even upon the inhospitaJer, on his route from Albany, by way of the Erie ca- I ble coast of Japan. Almost the whole surface of the wal, to Niagara. One of his letters furnishes the fol- great Paclfic, on either side of the equator, is traversed lowing ancedotes:

by these adventurers-eonstantly discovering islands “The canal boat had got so far under way, as to com- and exploring regions, hitherto unknown to naviga. pelus to run to a bridge above, and leap upon the deck tors and geographers--and protracting their voyages Lan expedient often resorted to by passengers, who frequently to the length of three years. remained a moment too long on shore. Sometimes As may naturally be inferred, this extensive purthey happen to drop in; but the water is not deep suit must afford employment, not only to the 2,000 enough to drown them, and, like Palinurus, they only marinets immediately engaged; but to great numbers make sport for the rest of the crew. A curious ac at home to the manufacturers, to mechanics and lacident of this kind happened last summer. A lady borers of every description, and to multitudes of passenger fell overboard from the bow, carrying the coasting vessels, which convey the product to market steps with her. The captain had the gallantry to bringing, also, most of the necessaries of life from leap in, to rescue the unfortunate fair, and the boat various quarters, on which the sterility of our island went over both of them. As soon as it had passed, compels us to depend. they rose to the surface, and the captain seized his We can, with safety, therefore, challenge the world charge. She shook the mud and water from her to exhibit, in so small a compass, an equally effeca head, and immediately burst into a fit of laughter, tive nursery for bold and hardy seamen.' Unlike the at the figure which herself, the captain, and half a ordinary Jack-Tars of many other places, these dedozen other passengers, who had jumped overboard termined tritons, from the moment of their entrance

to her assistance, made, while wallowing in the bed on shipboard, at, perhaps, the age of fourteen, are # of the canal.

continually stimulated by the most powerful of hu. "An anecdote was told us of a Frenchman, which man motives namely, a desire of promotion. This served to amuse a dull mile of our passage, if, indeed, honorable emulation is productive of the happiest efsuch a mile has been met. He was sitting reading, fects they soon become officers, and are eren com with his face to the stern, and his elbow projecting manders at a very early age. from one of the cabin windows. The man at the helm seeing monsieur's arm exposed, just as the boat FRENCH AND ENGLISH MORALÍTT. From the London was approaching a bridge, exclaimed, by way of Examiner-"All the letters from London speak of the warning, look out!” The Frenclaman, construing astonishing run whioh the memoirs of Miss Harriette the phrase literally, and supposing his attention was Wilson have had. This run, and Mr. Martin's absurd directed to one of the ten thousand interesting objects attack upon wagendie, in parliament, have afforded along the canal, popped his head out of the window, us great diversion at your expense. People of educa. instead of drawing his arın in--and the consequencétiohere have no hatred of the English; but we do was, a severe, though not dangerous, bump against a love to laugh at you. The men whom Harriette post, to his aggravation, but to the no small diversion Wilson has denounced, would, in this country, have of the rest of the passengers. He flew to the steers- been very merry at their own misfortune; and, in the man in a fit of passion, and they had a long dispute, bottom of their hearts, would have been extremely whether the phrase look out, could, at the same time, well pleased at being exhibited in such situations as possibly mean look in.

those of the handsome lord Ponsonby, or of the mar “ One of the greatest inconveniences in travelling quis of Lorne, who, at forty years of age, carries off on the canal, is the frequency and lowness of the from his rival a beautiful girl of eighteen. Except in bridges; under most of them the boat bas but just the article of the money, many of our most celebrated room to rub-f passengers are standing upon the women resemble Harriette Wil:on, in having had deck, with their backs to the bridge, they are liable forty lovers; and were not the whit the less admired to be swept off, or crushed to pieces. Several acci- and sought after up to the time of their death. We dents of this kind have already happened, and would should regard it as intensely ridiculous to inquire occur daily, had not the danger rendered it a part of whether this or that man amused himself in the sociothe helmsman's duty, to give notice, when the boat is ty of Harriette Wilson. I must confess to you, that approaching a bridge. î'hose who are expert, leap the immense inportance you attach to the details of the barrier, jumping up on one side and off at the private life, and the consequent voracious appetite other, while others hurry below, sometimes with all you evince for them, expose you to infinite ridicule possible despatch, and even then not without losing a and contempt in every country but your own. Who bat. Measures are taking to correct this inconveni- are right? You, or the rest of the world? I really ence, by elevating the bridges several feet above the can't decide. Before you let loose upon m a torrent highest decks."

of virtuous indignation, remember that we are very

exact in observing all your crim. con. actions, by far NANTUCKET. The Inquirer gives the following in the most amusing part of your papers. Recollect, teresting sketch of the occipations, enterprise and moreover, that we bave here your bishop of Clogher,

and twenty other men or high rank of the same kind."| population amounted, in 1726, to 100,000 negrocs, ---Lliers from Paris, by Grimm's grandson, in the London and 30,000 whites. In 1775, by the estinate of M. Vegasine

Malouet, the numbers were 300,000 negroes, and

25,000 whiles. In 1779, according to M. Neckar, tho HAYTI. A few of those persons of color, trho left numbers were 249,095 slaves, 7,055 free blacks, and the United States for Hayu, with something like a hope 3,650 whites-in all, 288,803 persons. In 1789, of there finding pigs ready roasted running through the according to M. Morean de St.' Mery, the slaves wliole country, and crying out please to eat me, have amounted to 432,000-according to Bryan Edwards, returned; for the fact turns out to be, that subsis- to 480,000, and they were stated, in the national asonce must be earned by labor in Hayti, as well as sembly, by M. Prieur, in round numbers, at 500,000* in the United States.

blacks, and 10,000 whites: adding this, which is perOn this account, the following letter has been ad- haps an caggerated statement, to the inhabitants dressed to the editor, and published in the United of the Spanish part, the whole population, at the States Gazette-;

commencement of the French revolution, could not Yes! 15 just arrived in the Stephen Girard, 15 or 20 exceed 650,000 souls. From that period, ull 1909, ili another vessel before, and 56 in the vessel in which when the French troops were expelled, the country the arents, Messrs. Barker and Williams, returned was laid waste by a succession of sanguinary wars; 10 New-York; several have come in other vessels. notwithstanding which the population of the?island. They are coming back; probably 200 have returned, has increased in an astonishing degree; for, by the as the secretary had given out about that number of census taken in 1824, the actual population is given at passports the first of this month, and but few felt the 935,335 inhabitants. The armed force of the cousgenerosity of the government, in thus freely giving up try is quite in proportion to its population; the reguall claim for passage out, and four months' provision lar troops, amounting to 45,520, and the national there, enough to determine them to remain after they guards 113,328, making a body of 158,848 men trainhså got their passports. Yes, 200 have come back ed to arms. These estimates are official, and were dissatisfied; and this out of the small number of 6000 taken in pursuance of the proclamation of the presiand some hundreds, whose passages have been paid by dent of Hayti, dated 6th January, 1824. government. Surely, this is enough to discourage all The population will also receive an additional infurther emigration, notwithstanding the great number crease by the resolution adopted by president Boyer, of waiters, coachmen, shoe blacks, &c. who went in May last, to receive and allot lands to 6,000 free from our cities, engaging to become cultivators of blacks and men of color from the United States, to the land, which was ihe condition of the offers of pas- pay part of the expense of their passage, and to lursago, &c. and notwithstanding more than 200 would nish them with agricultural implements. The innot return here, for any thing short of the full enjoy- crease, then, notwithstanding the war, was, in 33 ment of their rights as men, are now worth hundreds, years, from 665,000 to 935,000. (Edinb. Retiei. in some instances, thousands of dollars, more than when they left the shores of their degradation, besides the boon above price, their liberty and equality, and

An Irisi GENTLEMAN-a Mr. Talbot, of the Talbot notwithstanding more than 2000 are well satisfied, settlement, Upper Canada, published a work, a few and are sending for their friends to join them in the months since, relative to that province, which is as delightful climate and rich soil of Hayti. Surely, if full of marvellous matters as any volume which has all emigrants from Europe to this country are de- como under our cognisance for some time past. Not lighted, and all from the old to the new western states to mention his assertion, that snow-fleas, previous to a are never home-sik, and never sigh to return to their thaw, corer the snow in such multitudes, that he had native vales, the emigration to Ilayti ought to be stop himself counted 1,296,000 upon a single square yard: ped, and the friends of our country, humanity and l-Nor the asseveration, that ihe flies abound so much perfect freedom, ought to despair of all resource in in Canada, that a child cannot open its mouth without Ilayli to assist in removing the crime and infamy of running the risk of being suslocated by the quantity our republic, und raising from their degradation and that eagerly try to descend down its throat:- Poth of oppression, 2,000,000 of our countrymen. Surely which we are bound, in common courtesy, to take for ttre result is so bad, -200 have come back-the work facts--we were almost put to a dead-stand-still, when is hopeless--we must look only to the humane mode we read of the young man who, after spearing a sturof wiping away this evil and wrong, which a war or geon from his fishing boat, and being dragged into the externi ination will afford in a slave insurrection, and water by the fish, floated for some time behind the which, the actual commission of such crimes, as sturgeou, by the aid of his instrument. At length, would have strung up Washington, and the leaders of growing weary of this mode, as who would not, he the revolution, could the British have caught the re- got astride of the fish, and converted the spear into a bels, will assist to accomplish by the halter and gib- Ibridle rein, and rode thus for nearly a mile, when the bet.' And it will be no new thing. Greeks and Ro-poor fish yielded up his life to the prowess of his inans lave done such things, to say nothing of Turks, rider!! Mr. Talbot espresses, very naturally, a and, indeed, a little of it has already been seen in our fear lest he should be suspected of exaggcration.republic. The eyes of, at least one, of our cities, He has some reason for his doubts. have been gratified with the sight of hanging men who would no longer be slaves. But, it must be submitted

FOREIGN NEWS, to; relief is hopeless-while the people will do no The "Holyones. The meeting of the lloly Allithing.

L. D. DEWEY. ance in Italy is now said to be for the purpose of setPhilalelphia, May 31, 1825.

tling the affairs of Greece, South America, and even

Portugal. The original native population of Hayti, previously France. The French chamber of peers have adoptto its subjugation by the Spaniards, was estimated by ed the inderonity law, under certain modifications, the bishop Las Casas at 3,000,000. This was proba- confirming the possession of the holders of property hly an exaggeration; but, though the numbers may confiscated during the revolution. have been much less, the falling off unquestionably Portugal. Letiers from Lisbon announce that sit was great after the conquest. In the 17th century, Charles Stewart meets with great obstacles in his atthe island was divided between the Spaniards and tempts to persuade the king to recognize the indepen. French; and the former, in 1695, were estimated at dence of Brazil. Another account says that he has 110,000 free persons, and 15,000 slaves. The French / succeeded.

INTERESTING OR USEFUL.

Greece. Our last accounts from this interesting that he abolished the privilege of divorce. In the country are more cheering than those which had course of the following year, the number of mar* been previously received. It is stated that when it was riages in Agra was less than before by three thousand; known that the Egyptians had landed in the Morea, the number of adulteries was greater by seven thou33,000 volunteers appeared at the call of the governo sand; three hundred women were burned alive for ment to repel them. The Hydra Journal manifests poisoning their husbands; seventy-five men were any other feeling than that of despondency or submis- burned for the murder of their wives; and the quansion. The Greek ships are in fine order and well tity of furniture broken and destroyed, in the intemanned. It is stated ihat the dey of Algiers has sent rior of private families, amounted to the value of the Porte 1,500,000 piastres, and was about to assist three millions of rupees. The emperor re-establishhim with 12 vessels of war, one of them carrying 60 ed the privilege of divorce." guns. Important events may soon be expected, for the campaign will be opened with great vigor on both The government of the Netherlands has lately cast, gides.

at the iron works of Siraing, the head of the immense lion that is to ornament the grand national monument,

on the plains of Waterloo. The weight of the head Miscellaneous Scraps,

alone is 5,000 lb. or ncarly 2} tons; the weight of the

entire lion will be 60,000 lb. or nearly 30 tons, EngThe Pittsburg Gazette, it is said, was the fin.news- lish. paper printed west of the Alleghany mountains. It was established by Mr. Skull, on the 28th day of It has been remarked, with justice, of the steam July, 1786.

engine, in the last number of the Quarterly Review,

that nothing is too great, nothing too small for this The perfection of printing and publishing, which, wonderful machine, which, like the proboscis of an in England, has been produced by regular applica- elephant, can tear up an oak and pick up a pin; can tion of talent and capital, is now attempted in Paris, forge, with equal case, the heaviest anchor, and punch by the ardour of speculation and the redundance of the eye of the finest needle; can iwist the largest camoney. Fisty volumes, at least, have been always ble, draw out a fibre as delicate as the gossamer, and thought well filled by Voltaire's works: now we are drag a first-rate man of war over the ocean; traversto have them all in one volume, at the price of 140 ing the seas against winds and tides, and thus bring francs. A plaisant has made the following calcula- nations nearer to each other, by quickening their intion of the whole expense of this volume to the read-tercourse, and rendering it more fixed and certain. ers; adding, that those, who do not mean to read, need not buy:

The famous French song-writer, Beranger, has sold First price

140 francs. another volume, containing 52 songs, to the bookTwo pair of spectacles 50

sellers, Bandou and Ladrocat, for 22,000 francs. Occulist's feos

100 Eye water

Talma's last benefit, in Paris, (on the 21st March), Two artificial eyes

was one of the most brilliant assemblages ever seen Putting them in place

in the French capital. The vast salle of the opera

house was completely filled; and the receipts amount450

ed to 35,000 francs, about 1,4001. sterling. While some workmen, (says the Loekport, N. Y.

The following is the comparative diflerence beObserver), were splitting staves, in the town of Royal tween the proportions of two extraordinary characton, last week, a live frog was found in the timber, tors, lately, and at the same ime, in Boston. six inches from the out-side. The trec was perfectly

Major Joseph Stevens, height 38 3-4 inches; weight sound, excepting the space occupied by the frog, | 36 pounds; aged 21 years. which was just wide enough to admit its body. The

Mr. Richard Scavers, usually called Big Dick, height number of grains, between where the frog lay and 6 feet 3 3-4 inches; weight 306 pounds; circumferthe bark of the tree, was thirty. The frog appear-ence round the chest, 4 feet 2 inches; aged 38 years. ed lively, and evinced considerable joy on its release from confinement, by the free use of his limbs,

We have mentioned the case of Mr. Ouvrad, who which had been held so long in “durance vile."

has been prosecuted for enormous frauds on the

treasury of France during the last campaign in Spain, Maupertius, in a sketch of the life of Frederick the and in which many of the principal officers were supGreat, has this observation:-“Many a private man posed to be concerned. It appears that he is, at ppemight make a great king, but where is the king, who sent, in prison, ou account of these things, where he could make a great private man, except Frederick.” lives like a prince. The following story is told of

his incarceration :-On the same floor with his apartRussia has adopted a new plan to render escapes ments are two rooms, which he desired to have, pour from confinement more difficult; it oonsists in shav- s'arrondit—that is, to have all the flat: the jailor told ing one half of the heads of all prisoners, even those him he could not have the rooms, as they were hired in irons and those detained for debt!

by two debtors. “How much do they owe?” “About

10,000 francs.” “Here is the money," said monsieur Two large remittances, of gold and silver, recently Ouvrad--and he paid the 10,000f. had the two rooms arrived at St. Petersburgh, from Ickalerenburgh. s'arrondit, and the two prisoners were set at liberty!! The one amounted to 4,000 poods, (140,000 lb.), of silver; the other to 110 poods, (nearly 4,000 lb.), of gold.

A new journal has bcen established at Rome, un

der the auspices of pope Leo XII. in which religious The following inscription is written, in large cha- matters are treated with very great ability. It is in racters, over the principal gate of the city of Agra, intended to contain critical analysis of the new publi. Hindostan: “In the first year of the reign of king cations in opposition to, as well as in defence of, the Julief, two thousand married couple were separated, catholic religion, and treatises on the principal points by the magistrate, with their own consent. The em- of the Romish faith, together with the decrees and peror was so indignant, on learning these particulars, I decisions of the sacred college.

30 80 50

Anecdote of the crowned prince of Prussia-When, fessor Murchard, of Berlin, whose nephew, M. a short time ago, the new opera of Olympia, by Spon- Krautmann, was the fortunate discoverer of these tini, (of all the most trumpeting, drumming perform- interesting relicks of antiquity, is published in the ances in existence, the most loud), was acted at Berlin, last number of the Harmonicon. the prince royal, who, from patriotic motives, is no great friend to the composer, could stand the noise A Vienpa paper, of April 8, states, that“M. Karl no longer, and left the house. It happened that, at Krauterer has obtained a patent, for one year, for a the moment of his coming out, the twelve fifers, and new invention, of which the following is the literal as inany drummers, who parade the streets of the specification:-“A carriage, with a moring, straight, capital every evening for the tattoo, passed by in full and endless iron rail-way, for the conveyance, as well instrumental chorus. The prince immediately ad- of burdens, however heavy, as of travellers, with dressed himself to bis attendant, and exclaimed: very little friction, and shaking as easily, quickly, ""Heaven be thanked, that we hear again a little soft and without noise, as with carriages on fixed iron music!"

rail-roads, without any greater expense of propelling

power, up or down hill, and in any optional lateral By the act concerning piracy and barratry, which direction, over paved or unpaved roads, whether passed the French chamber of deputies on the 5th passing over meadow, clay, or sandy ground; lastly, ult. the want of papers on board, or the fact of bear without causing dust or dirt in the roads, and withing commissions from two or more powers, consti- out injuring them.” tute piracy; and every Frenchman who, without authority from the king, takes a commission from a fo Cherau, (S. C.), May 13. Mr. Joseph Bell, of reign power to command a vessel armed for cruising, whom we had occasion to speak in our last paper, is declared a pirate. The opposition taxed the law has invented a new kind of furnace for melting pigwith giving to all French ressels the right of search- metal, and casting machinery, &c. Within a forts ing every foreign vessel, a "right which the govern- night past, he has put one of his furnaces into operament had refused, as an injury and insult, when it tion in this place, and the period of time, required to was asked by other powers, under circumstances melt pig-metal in this furnace, is only about half of which warranted it more; that is, in relation to the that occupied by one of an ordinary kind. The great slave trade,"

economy, in building these furnaces, is still more

astonishing; the whole, expense not exceeding $80. The proposed new criminal code of the Canton of The quantity of fuel, necessary to be used, is also inthe Grisons contains the following articles relative finitely less.

(Gazette. to daelling: “If, at a concerted meeting, deadly weapons have

On British affairs, &c. been used, but without effect, the combatants shall The British parliament has made a further appro be condemned to stand half an hour in the pillorypriation of $170,000, for the British museum. This if a wound, more or less serious, has been inflicted, sum goes to extend the gallery of paintings. besides the pillory, confinement in the house of cor 30,0001. had been granted by parliament ta pro. rection for a period of from two to four years is in- mote emigration to Canada, from Ireland. In the der curred.

bate on the resolution, Mr. Hume said, he was credi"f the duel end in the death of one of the parties, bly informed that 18 out of every 20 emigrants to Cahis death is to be considered as deliberate murder, nada passed over to the United States. and the survivor to be capitally punished.

Among the many improvements lately suggested for “The punishment of the seconds, where death does the embellishment of the metropolis, is one for the not ensue, is the same as that of the principals; but lighting the names of streets and the church clocks, if one of the combatants fall, the seconds are sen- during the hours when otherwise they are useless. tenced to six years imprisonment to hard labor," Kean had been playing at Manchester, but no ladies

appeared in the theatre. There were two very fat noblemen at the court of At the election of a lord rector, for the univerLouis XV. the duke de L and the duke de N- sity of Glasgow, in November last, the votes were They were both one day at the levee, when the king equally divided between sir Walter Scott and Mr. began to rally the forner on his corpulence. “You Brougham. The decision, therefore, devolved upon take po exercise, I suppose," said the king. “Par- the preceding lord rector, who, on the 4th instant, don me, sire, said de L

"I walk, twice a day, gave his casting vote in favor of Mr. Brougham. round my cousin de N."

In the year ending the 5th of Jan 1825, 5,084,702

tons of coal were exported from Great Britain, of Discovery of ancient Greek tablets relative to music-- which, 278,695 tons were exported to foreigo ports, The doubtful character of all known accounts rela- 691,430 tons to Ireland, and 4,114,577 tons coastwise. tive to the music of the ancient Greeks, and the ob On the 9th of April last, four, (Canadian), Indian scurity in which the subject is consequently involved, chiefs, were introduced to the king-on which occarender interesting, in a particular degree, the disco- sion they fell on their knees; a singular position for an very of two documents of high antiquity and unques- Indian to be placed in before his fellow-man! They tionable authenticity, with the particulars of which all spoke French fluently, and tho grand chief adwe here present our readers. The documents, to dressed the king as follows: which we allude, are two metal tablets, of a date, "I was instructed not to speak in the royal pre709 years before the Christian era, on which is en- sence unless in answer to your majesty's questiocs: graved, in ancient Greek, an account of a music but my feelings overpower me; my heart is full; I feast at Epyræ, (Corinth), in the third year of the am amazed at such unexpected grace and condescensixteenth Olympiad, or in the year before Christ, 709, sion, and cannot doubt that I shall be pardoned for ?'y Lasus, of Hermoine. An important addition to expressing our gratitude. The sun is shedding its gethe history of ancient Greek music is thus furnished, nial rays upon our heads. It reminds me of the interesting, alike, to the antiquary and to the lover of great Creator of the universe-of Him who can make the art, and which throws more light upon its nature alive and who can kill. Oh! may that gracious and and character, in those early ages, than all the la- beneficient Being, who promises to answer the ferbors of the numerous writers upon this subject. A vent prayers of his people, bless abundantly your most elaborate account, with the comments and his majesty! may Hegrant you much bodily health; and, jorical meonoranda attached, by the celebrated pro- | for the sake of your happy subjects, may He prolong

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