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nation, by the marine law;" and consequently I should senses, would willingly undertake the delicate duties have been justifiable in using the severest measures which I have been performiog: and, if compelled, that have been adopted in punishing the authorities would, from his apprehensions of sharing my fate, and people of Forardo. But, for the severity of the scarcely meet the expectations of the government and measures adopted by me, I refer to facts, and shall not people of the United States. The discouraging cirsay one word in defence of them.
cumstance of my removal for the offence of landing I might stop here with a perfect confidence of an on Porto Rico, and punishing the accessaries of piacquittal from the charge of raskness and indiscre- rates, the authorities of Foxardo, may have a much tion, in the violation of the territorial jurisdiction and more important effect in retarding the suppression of immunities of Spain, or of any uisposition to offer to piracy, than is at present apprehended. So long as that government any indignity or insult; but as, with-| the governors and pouple of the small towns of Porto out asking of mc explanation, and without complaint Rico and Cuba, are satisfied that they may imprison from Spain, or from any other quarter, it has been us with impenity, and that punishment certainly fol. thought proper to anticipate even the resolution, and lows any attempt on our part to obtain redress and wishes of nie. Archer, (already distinguished for his security to our persons, so long the suppression of active hostility towards me in the trial of lieut. Ken- piracy is impossible; and he who, on those terme, is non,) by ordering me from my station, to explain this willing to uodertake it, loses sight of his own respectransactions at loxardo, which it has pleased the se- tability, and of the respectability of his pation and ilag, cretary of the navy to term “extraordinary;" and as I have satisfactorily shown that, by the laws of naI am placed before the world as a condemned and de- tions, I had a right to land on the shores of Porto Rico, graded officer, it is a duty I owe to myself, as well as in pursuit of my enemy. I have shown that, against to the service to which i belong, and it may be use the enemy, in pursuit of whom I was ordered to land, ful to others to know, that, in ali this “transaction," ! war had beco formally declared by my country. I was acting in as strict conformity with the letter and have shown that the allies, aiders, abettors, &c. of spirit of my instructions as the nature of the case this enemy, were, by the laws of nations and of Eng: would admit of; that it was provided for as near as land, and by mercantile laws, also, my enemies, and could be imagined by the government, and that I have, liablc to the same punishment as their principals. I ju no instance, departed from my instructions, so far have, in fact, shown that, by the laws of nations as I could, by repeated perusal, understand them. alone, I was perfectly justified in landing and chastisI have perceived no obscurity in them, and I complain ing, even to hanging, the authorities of Foxardo. I of none, I believe I understand them, and the inten- have further shown that, without even the formality tions of those who drew them up; and without nation of a declaration of war, and without even being or al or natural law, or precedent, I feel a confidence dered by their govoroment, but merely on their own that the responsibility of my conduct at Foxardo, it will and sense of right, other officers, under similar improper, rests upon those who issued tho orders, not circomstances, have invaded foreign territory and on me who executed them. I do not wish it under committed acts of war, and their motives being good, stood, however, that I dispute the propriety of the or- their conduct was approved of, on their own repreders - to the contrary, I fully concur in the doctrine sentation of it. I have now to show that, besides laid down in them. They are framed on the laws of national and civil law, open declarations of war, and nations, were drawn up by one well versed in them, precedent, to support me, I have orders to pass the and were intended to supply the want of a knowledge ierritorial boundary of a foreign nation, is pursuit of of internațional law on my part. I not only subscrib- pirates, or those whom I have just cause to suspect of ed to that part which authorizes my landing and pur- being such, to seize and bring them to justice; and, in suing pirates on the territory of a foreign power, and the event of the local authorities refusing to prosedenounces those nations so lost to a sense of respect cute such persons, I am then ordered to take them for their own character and interest, and the respect from such territory, on board the vessels under my of others, as to refuse to put down piracy, much less command. The orders are full and cxplicit, and, in to afford them an asylum and protection; but I sub- the absence of other justifying circumstances, i scribe to the yet stronger measures which have been should be willing to rest the defence of my conduct recently recommended by the executive--nothing on them alone. The following are the orders alluded short of authority to land, pursue, and hold the autho- to, dated Feb. Ist, 1823; rities of places answerable for the pirates who issue
Extract. from them and resort there--to make thein answera "Sır: You have been appointed to the command ble by reprisals on the property of the inhabitants, of a squadron, fitted out under an act of congress of and to blockade the ports on the islands. Nothing the 201h of December last, to cruise in the West Irshort of these measures can put down the disgraceful dia seas, and gulf of Mexico, for the purpose of re. system. I also coincide in opinion with the presi pressing piracy, and affording effectual protection to dent, that neither the government of Spain, nor the ihe citizens and commerce of the United States. government of either of the islands, Porto Rico and Your attention will also be extended to the suppres. Cuba, can, with propriety, complain of a resort 10 sion of the slave trade, according to the provisions of either of those measures, or all of them, should they the several acts of congress on that subject; copies of be resorted to, as the United States interpose their which, and the instructions heretofore given to our aid for the accomplishment of an objeci which is of naval commanders thereon, are herewith sept to you, equal importance to Spain and her islands, as well as While it is your duty to protect our commerce against
To the contrary, it should be expected that all unlawful interruptions, and to guard the rights, they will faithfully co-operate in such measures as both of person and property, of the citizens of the may be necessary for the accomplishment of this United States, wherever it shall become necessary, very important object. Whatever mcasures, how you will observe the utmost caution not to encroach arer, may be resorted to by the Uniicd States, the first upon the rights of others; and should you, at ang ibing necessary to secure success, is to proteci, coun- cinc, be brought into discussion or: collision with tenance, and support the oficer employed to execute any foreign power, in relation to such rights, it will them; and, in any measures which lic may adopt re- be expedient and proper that the same should be quiring energy or action, he oright not to be discou- conducted with as much moderation and forbear1a ed ana degraded by punishment before complaint, ance as is consistent with the honor of your country, or removed from bis command without being allowed and the just claims of its citizens. the opportunity of explaining liis reasons for his con "Should you, in your cruise, fall in with any fo13't. Without such assurances, no oficer, in his reign hayal force, engaged in the suppression of pi
racy, it is desirable that harmony and a good under-| cordially co-operate with you. If, in the pursuit of standing should be cultivated between you; and you pirates found at sca, they shall retreat into the unwill do everything on your part that accords with the settled parts"of the islands or foreign territory, you honor of the American flag, to promote this object, are at liberty to pursue them, so long only as there is
“So soon as the vessels at Norfolk shall be ready reasonable prospect of being able to apprehend them, for sea, you will proceed to the West Indics, by such and, in no case, are you at liberty to pursue and aproute as you shall judge best, for the purpose of ef- prehend any one after having been forbidden so io fecting the objects of your cruise. You will estab- do by.competeat authority of the local government, lish at Thompson's island, usually called Key West, a And should you, on such pursuit, apprehend any pidepot, and land the ordnance and marines to protect rates upon land, you will deliver thein over to the prothe stores and provisions. If, however, you shall per authority, to be dealt with according to law, and find any important objection to this place, and a more you will furnish such evidence, as shall be in your suitable and convenient one can be found, you are at power, to prove the offence alleged against them. liberty to select it as a depot.
Should the local authorities refuse to receive and "You will announce your arrival and object to the prosecute such persons, so apprehended, on your antborities, civil and military, of the island of Cuba, furnishing them with reasonable evidence of their and endeavor to obtain, as far as shall be practicable, guilt, you will then keep them, safely and securely, on their co-operation, or, at least, their favorable and board some of the vessels under your command, 2014 friendly support, giving them the most unequivocal report, without delay, to this department, the partiassurance that your sole object is the destruction of cular circumstances of such cases." pira'es.
I think, after an attentive perusal of the foregoing "The system of piracy which has grown up in the orders, and instructions, no one will accuse me of West Indies, has obviously arisen, from the war be- having gove beyond the authority given to me, by intween Spain and the new governments, her late pro- timidating the authorities and inhabitants of a town, vinces in this hemisphere, and from the limited force which, from being the rendezvous of pirates and in the islands and their sparce population; many por- robbers, and from the course taken by the people and tions of each being entirely uninhabited and desolate, authorities to defeat the object of those sent in search to which the active authority of the government does of them, truly deserve the name of piraticnl. not extend. It is understood that establishments have I am ordered to protect not only the property but been made, by parties of these banditti, in those un- the persons of our citizens. Will it be denied that inhabited parts, to which they carry their plunder, lieut. Platt, and the other officers under my command, and retreat in time of danger. It cannot be presum- are American citizens, and cntitled to my protection? al that the government of any island will afford any And how could I have protected them bad I overlookprotection or countenance to such robbers. It may, ed the conduct of the l'osardians? og the contrary, confidently be believed, that all go Difficulties were apprehended by the government, vernments, and particularly those most exposed, will in the performance of the duties confided to me, and afford all means in their power for their suppression. in any collision with foreign powers, I am instructed Pirates are considered, by the laws of nations, the to conduct myself with as much moderation and forenemies of the human race. It is the duty of all na-bearance as is consistent with the honor of my countions to put them down; and none, who respect their try, and the just claims of its citizens. owo character or interest, will refuse to do it, much The violence and insult offered to my country, in less afford them an asylum and protection. The na- the person of Mr. Platt, it was made my duty to notion that makes the greatest exertions to suppress tice, and in the performance of this duty I did consuch banditti, has the greatest merit. In making such duct myself with the greatest moderation and for. exertions, it has a right to the aid of every other bearance. The guns of the batterics were noi spiked, puwer to the extent of its means, and to the enjoy- until self prescrvation made it necessary for me to ment, under its sanction, of all its rights in the pur- spike thein, and, so soon as the apology of the authosuit of the object. In the case of belligerants, where ritics of f'oxardo was received, and assurance of rethe army of one party enters the territory of a neu. spect and protection for the future were given, I retrul power, the army of the other has a right to fol- tired. No complaints of violence of proceeding have low it there.
been offered against me by the Spaniardsona sure evi"in the case of pirates, the right of the armed force dence that they had no cause of complaint, even of one power to follow them into the territory of ano. | if I had no testimony to offer in my favor; but as ther, is more complete. In regard to pirates, there to the moderation of my conduct, and the precauis no neutral party; they being the enemies of the lions taken by mc to preserve it in others, the testi. human race, all nations are parties against them, and mony is ample. may be considered as allies. The object and inten In the formor part of those remarks I have touched! tion of one goveroment is to respect the feelings, as on the other parts of my instructions: 1 deem it, well as the rights of others, both in substance and in therefore, unnccessary to make any further comform, in all the measures which may be adopted to ments. They are before the reader, and he can accomplish the end in view. Should, therefore, the judge whether I have transcended them or not, and crews of any vessels which you have seen engaged in whether I should not have failed in my duty, bad I acts of piracy, or which you have just cause to sus- not pursued the course I did at Fogardo. pect of being of that character, retreat into the ports, I have, as yet, said nothing is to my motives. The harbors, or settled parts of the islands, you may en- motives of gen. Jackson, it is said, were jounded in ter, in pursuit of them, such ports, harbors and settled the 'purest patriotism;' and, it is presumed, the mos parts of the country, for the purpose of aiding the lo- tives of the other officers I have ciied, were equally cal authoritics or people, as the case may be, to seize pure, or their conduct would not have been approved and bring the offenders to justice, previously giving how their motives were as ertained, except from potice that this is your sole object. Wirere a govern- their conduct and assurance, I do not know. On ment exists and is felt, you will, in all instances, re my own part, I oTer no assurances, but leave every spect the local authorities, and only act in aid of, and one to judge of my motives by my conduct alone. co-operation with them, it being the exclusive par- Had my motives been bad or mischievons, I should pose of the government of the Ŭ. States to suppress have proceeded directly to hostilities, without giving piracy, an object in which all nations are equally in notice to the authorities of Foxardo, and allowing ierested, and, in the accomplishment of which, the thean time to choose between the two alternativos Spanish authorities and people will, it is presumal, loTored them; and ! should not bave taken we price
caution I did to guard the persons and property of pense which attend it. Consulting both, little will be the inhabitants of Porto Rico from injury. Had, in submitted to your consideration, disconnected with fact, my motives been bad, I shoald have insisted the main subject of your deliberations. on severer terms than those I exacted, and I should The recent acquisition of our vacant territory in not have retired immediately after the concessions the occupation of the Creeks, is that subject, and the and assurances were made, but should have remain- survey and appropriation, the objects which will claim ed there, to enjoy the intimidated, humble and de- your attention. For the first we are chiefly indebteni graded condition of the authorities and the people. to the commissioners of the United States, colonel
That my motives were disinterested, is certain, Campbell and major Meriwether. Too much praise from the circumstance of my confining myself to the cannot be given to these gentlemen, for the firmness single object of protection to the persons of our citi- and intrepidity with which they met the most formidzens. I had nothing personally to hope for, or to able obstacles, and for the untiring zeal and patient gain, by securing their safety; and I had certainly labor with which they conquered them. That, of this much to lose in making the attempt: for 1 placed my praise, there can be no waste or misapplication, you life at hasard.
will read in the various documents, and correspon• If I have failed in justifying myself, I trust that the dence connected with it, and which are submitted. failure will be ascribed to the peculiarly delicate du. You will distinctly see that the principal difficulties ties which have been confided to me, involving nice which embarrassed them, from beginning to endand intricate questions of national rights, and a zea- which defeated the first treaty at Broken Arrow, and lous desire to act fully up to the wishes of the govern- which were woll nigh producing a rupture of the last ment; and not from a wish to act in opposition to its at the Indian Springs, proceeded from a quarter, the views, or to infringe on the territorial rights and im- least of all to be expected from officers in the pay munities of others. Should there appear the slightest and confidence of the federal government, who, inevidence of my having, for a moment, wilfully disre- stead of rendering to the commissioners the most corgarded what was due to my own country, and the re- dial co-operation, had organized an opposition, thereby spect due to the government of Spain, I shall submit, exposing to suspicion their own government, which, with resignation and cheerfulness, to the severesi in justification of itself, was finally obliged to avor punishment that can be inflicted on me, if it even ex- that the perfidious plots and devices contrived by it, tends to deprive me of my commission, which I should were unknown and unauthorized at Washington, at then be unworthy of bearing.
the same time the authors and contrivers were per· For merely doing my duty, I have never asked nor mitted to escape but with little observation, and cerexpected any reward beyond the approbation of my tainly without merited punishment. country; and if it should appear that I have, in this The delegation in congress, also faithful to their instance, done no more than my duty, I confidently trust, have seconded, by active and incessant labor, the hope and expect that I shall escape all punishment, measures taken by this government, to support, not beyond what I have already felt.
only this important right, but all other rights and itiI have stated all the grounds which, in my opinion, terests of the state; and, in the delicate and critical reinstified my undertaking the expedition to Foxardo. lations which these involved, have so deported themI acted on letters of an official character, already re- selves as to command the confidence of ourselves, and ferred to, and statements which I had no doubt could the respect of all who know them. be relied on. I acted on what I believed a fair con In disposing of the territory thus acquired, it is restruction of the laws of nations, the intention of those commended to you to consult the will of your conwho framed my orders, and the public voice. I did stituents, so far as that will can be distinctly ascernot think it necessary to go through the formality of tained- The lands belonging to them in joint and secollecting evidence on oath, to justify me in the at- veral property, and none but themselves or immetempt I was about making to secure, in future, our diate representatives can rightfully dispose of them. officers from insult. Had I done so, my object would Recognising this as a fundamental principle, you have been defeated in the time that would have elaps have, in the exercisc of a sound discretion, to look as ed, and the alarm that would have been excited by well to ulterior and remote, as to immediate interests an enquiry, which could not have been kept secret. -interests which the people themselves cannot fail to
Promptness was necessary, and I felt satisfied that appreciate and cherish, because they directly and the letters which I already possessed, were a sufti- equally concern each and every of them now, and cient justification for my proceedings.
their posterity hereafter. They are those of public The following documents, which have been reject- education-of internal improvement-of relief from ed by the court, and which I do not now offer in vin- taxation, when tasation would be most required and dication of my conduct, but in eonfirmation of the and most burthensomethe efficiency of a military letters of lieut. Platt, Mr. Cabot, and Mr. Bergeest, system for defence, in providing arms and arsenals, are so full on the subject of the robberios and pirati and all the materiel of war, for which no state cal depredations from Foxardo, and the piratical ought to be dependent on another; and, indeed, every character of the authorities and people of that part subject which, in peace or war, can conduce to the of Porto Rico, that I deem it unnecessary to make safety or prosperity of the state, and requiring for any comment on them. The complicated system of its most useful and energetic application, the propulvillany they unfold is disgraceful to the nation to sive instrument, money. To dilate upon these topics which they belong, and a continuation of it will be would be to consume your time uselessly. Your own disgraceful to the rest of the world, and particularly wisdom will better supply the argument in support of to those nations most exposed to their depredations. each. Suffice it to say, that the accumulation of a The pirates of Cuba, of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, sund for internal improvement, on an extended scale, offer no parallel.
will, by its judicious application, so multiply your (Some of the accompanying papers shall be given.] resources and augment your income, as to enable
you eventually to replace that fund-provide abun
dantly for all the wants of the state-dispense with Legislature of Georgia.
taxation, and place you, in all these respects, on a EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, GEO. footing with the most favored of your sister state,
Milledgeville, 23. May, 1825. } who, with less means, have accomplished more. Fellow-ritizens of the senate and house of representatives: These are no idle speculations. The rosults are
Incalling you together, I have not been unmindiul about to be realized in an illustrious instance, where of the personal inconvenience, and of the public eyela great member of the confederacy, has inade her
self greatest by perfecting what nature has roughly ever stain may have been left upon our soil, none sketched, and thus fulfilling, by a no very complicated should upon the page of our history. process, the highest duties to herself and to God. Our But the representatives of the people were about physical advantages are scarcely inferior, and when to assemble, who would bring with them feelings and it is believed to be quite practicable to divide with sentiments corresponding to the occasion, tempered her the trade of the western world, our temptations by a deliberate wisdom and a sound discretion-the cannot be less. Presupposing, therefore, that the task is cheerfully resigned to them, and whatever, in system bitherto adopted for the settlement of our ter- the last resort, they will--that will be done. ritory will be pursued, I advise that the fee upon the The consternation and alarm which immediately grani, be fixed at a rate which, whilst it makes the followed the death of McIntosh, renderod necessary grant essentially a donation, and takes nothing from measures of precaution, as well for the security of the pockets of the poorest of our citizens, but what the frontiers, as for the protection of the friendly inwill be paid without inconvenience or complaint, dians, who, deserting their homes, fed with their will, at the same time, bring something into the trea- wives and children, before the hostile party, and sury in aid of the general fund appropriated to these presenting themselves, destitute and defenceless, at objects. To this, the proceeds of the fractions and of various points of the frontiers, asked bread of our any reservations you may think proper to make, will humanity and protection of our arms. The quarterimportantly contribute.
masters were directed to supply the one, and our goHaving advocated the present system, from the be- nerals ordered to afford the oiher; and both at the ginning, there has been no reasou to change any opi- cxpense of the United States, of which they had due nion formed of it. Men the soil constituie the notice. The orders and instructions to major-gene
rals Wimberly, Miller and Shorter, with the corres. strength and wealth of nations, and the faster you plant the men, the sooner you can draw on both. No pondence, &c. are laid before you.
The United States government have been again adnew country has been peopled faster than the terrifory acquired from time to time, by Georgia—none rised of the earnest desire of the government of more rapidly improved with the same established Georgia; that the line, between this state and the state modes and customs of improvement. The specula- States answer to the last request, that it is a concern
of Alabama, should be run and marked. The United tions by which its principle, has been vitiated it is our of the two states exclusively, in which the United bounden duty to discourage and repress—they deseat the very end of it; because, whilst you contemplate States will not interfere. On the former occasion, as the advantage of the poor, the speculation preys upon a participation, and upon the allegation, singly, that
you will remember, the general government declined the poor and fattens on it.
the state of Alabama had not given her assent. The Having foreseen that troubles might arise in the state of Alabama had, in fact, given her assent, and Indian country, from the proceedings at Broken Aro had sought, with much solicitude, the concurrence of row and the Indian Springs, I sought an early oppor. Georgia. Very recently, her former resolutions, upon tunity, after the first indications of them, to despatch this subject, have been rescinded, and Georgia is left my aid-de-camp, col. Lamar, into the nation, with a free to run the line, with or without her co-operation, taik for that portion of the tribe which had menaced as she may deem best. The correspondence with the McIntosh and his friends with injury. This duty general government, and the letter of the governor of was performed entirely to my satisfaction, as you Ålabama, are submited. will perceive by the report of col. Lamar. They Our claims to the lands oocupied by the Cherokees, professed the most friendly sentinents, both towards within our limits, as well as those on account of in the whites and towards McIntosh, and gave assurances dian depredations, provided for by the first treaty at that they were meditating harm to neither. It is be the Indian Springs, are adverted to only to inform Sieved, from recent information, that they acted in you of the actual state of those interests, and for this perfect sincerity and good faith, and that the subse- purpose the various papers connected with them, are quent departure from it was the result of the active laid before you. and malignant interference of white men. In my so
Since you were last in session, much of anxiety and licitude for the peace and happiness of this afflicted concern have been manifested for all the interests race, who were about to leave us to try new fortunes connected with the bank of Darien. The origin of in a distant land, 1 issued the proclamation of the 21st the excitement and consequent depreciation of the of March, which immediately followed the ratifica- paper of that institution may be considered fit subtion of the treaty, and thus transcended the obliga-jects of investigation--the report of a committec, apLions enjoined by strict duty.
pointed to examine the state of its affairs, having been Haring their own pledge that the peace should be reviewed and adopted by you, left, at the close of the kept among themselves, I wished to see no interrup- session, the solvency of the bank indisputable. When, tion of it by the Georgians, and, honorably for them, on a subsequent occasion, it became necessary for the there has been none. I verily believe that, but for executive to pass an order connected with this der the insidious practices of eyil-minded white men, the preciation, and the administration of the finances, entire nation would have moved harmoniously across I did not hesitate so to act, as to conform the order the Mississippi. The massacre of McIntosh and his both to your expressed opinion and the practice of friends is to be attributed to them alone. That chief- the treasury. As no change has been made in the tain, whose whole life had been devoted to Georgia, condition of the institution, I would suffer none to be as faithfully as to his own tribe, fell beneath the made in the payments and receipts of its bills at the blows of the assassins, when reposing in the bosom reasury, until you should order otherwise; and, whilst of his family, upon the soil of Georgia--the soil which I would not permit any measure to be taken whieh he had defended against a common enemy, and against would be construed into depreciation at the treasury; his own blood-which he had relinquished, forever, I would suffer none that would have the least effect to to our just demands, and which he had abandoned to embarrass the operations of the other institutions; and our present use, only because we asked it. So soul this was the more proper, because the difficulties of a murder, perpetrated by a foreign force, upon our the one institution might be ascribable, in some deterritory, and within our jurisdiction, called aloud gree, to remissness or indiscretion in the management, for vengeance. It was my settled purpose, having for which it was certainly not entitled to favor, whilst first consulted the government at Washington, to the operation at the treasury still continued favorable have dealt out the full measure of that vengeance; to it, inasmuch as the receipts and payments, being co that honor, huwonit, justice, being satisfied, what-1 confined to Parien hills and ike receipts exceeding
the payments, there would be a constant accumula- , foresight, we might have been. Tentreat you, there tion of such bills, and, consequently, a subtraction, fore, most earnestly now, that it is not too late, to step to that amount, from the circulation of the country: forth, and, having exhausted the argument, to stand
In every other state of the union, where bank credit by your arms. has been sustained, these institutions mutually aid Pour fellow-citizen,
G. M. TROUP and assist each other, and, by harmonious co-operation, maintain, unimpared, the circulating mediuni of that state. Those of Georgia must profit of this wise
CHRONICLE. example. Interest and credit are not to be found in
The frigate Constellation, with Mr. Poinsett, our rivalry and discord, and it is sincerely hoped and be minister to Mexico, has arrived at Vera Cruz.' We lieved that, in this instance, conflicting opinions have frequently hear of the West India squadron, and are been the result of misapprehension or mistake. The happy to find that the officers and crews are very gegreat institution of the United States keeps them all nerally healthy. in check, and should, at the same time, keep them all Explosion. "Three persons were killed, one drownin union.
ed, and three others ivjured, by the explosion of the The expenses incurred, by the reception of gene- boiler of the steam boat Legislator, as she was about ral Lafayette, amount to $7,198 32, as you will see to leave the wharf at New York, on the 2d inst. All by the accounts and rouchers which are exhibited. except one, appear to have belonged to the boat. The The executive had, in this instance, received an un- killed were a fireman, the cook and a waiter. There limited power over the public treasure, which ought were upwards of sixty passengers on board. Boats never to be confided but upon very extraordinary oc
to be towed will soon be in fashion, and a large one. casions. It is due to the public, as well as to the offi- with superior accommodations, is building at New cer charged with the disbursement, to institute a York. The machinery of the Legislator was on the strict inquiry into the expenditure, thus exacting, as low pressure principle. The accident is attributed, far as practicable, after the expenditure, that account, by some, to the desperate exertions that are too ofter ability, which, in ordinary cases, ought to be secured made, that one boat may arrive at her point of destibefore. The orders given to my aids-de-camp, who nation half a minute before her opponent and rival were charged with their execution, enjoined on them which is regarded as a much more important matter the strictest economy; and, all eircumstances con- than the safety of the passengers. sidered, they have not disappointed my expectations.
The steam acts upon the body with surprising powSince your last meeting, our feelings have been
The face and legs of one of the black men were again outraged by officious and impertinent inter- nearly as white as those of a wbite person... And a meddlings with our domestic concerns. Beside the medical gentleman took the skin with the nails, from resolution presented for the consideration of the scnate, by Mr. King, of New York-it is understood that one of the hands, as whole and as perfect as a new
glove! the attorney general of the United States, who may
The steam boats Hudson and Balize, met, in passing be presumed to represent his government faithfully, a high bluff in the Alabama, at night, and came into and to speak as its mouth-piece, has recently main-contact-the one ascending at the rate of six miles an tained, before the supreme court, doctrines on this hour, and the other descending at the rate of 10. The subject, which, if sanctioned by that tribunal, will shock was terrible. None of the passengers or of the make it quite easy for the congress, by a short decree, crew were lost; but the Hudson sunk in a very short to divest this entire interest, without cost to them- time, her stern in forty feet water, and the greater selves of one dollar, or of one acre of public land
part of her cargo was lost. this is the uniform practice of the government of the United States—if it wishes a principle established,
New York. A party of riotous young mon, between which it dare not establish for itself, a case is made 1 and 2 o'clock, on the morning of the 3d instant, as before the supreme court, and the principle, once set sailed some gentlemen who were returning home tled, the act of congress follows, of course. Soon, from a welding party, and, by an unfortunate blow, very soon, therefore, the United States government, killed David R. Lambert, esq. a very respectable discarding the mask, will openly lend itself to a com- merchant of New York. The young men have been bination of fanatics for the destruction of every thing arrested. Mr. L. died instantly. valuable in the southern country-one movement of Brooklyn. Property in this beautiful village, which the congress, unresisted by you, and all is lost. Tem- is on Long island opposite the city of New York, has porize no longer-make known your resolution that experienced a great rise in value. A lot that was this subject shall not be touched by them but at their bought for $1,375 in 1814, was lately sold for $9,025 peril-but for its sacred guarantee, by the constitution, we never would have become parties to that found to contain 5,276 inhabitants—of whom, 2,428
New Bedford. This town, by a late census, was instrument at this moment, you would not make were males, and 2,527 females, and 321 blacks. The yourselves parties to any coustitution without it-of number of families 935. The population in 1820 course, you will not be a party to it from the moment
was 3,947. Increase 1530, in about four and a half the general government shall make that movement.
years. If this matter be an eril, it is our own-if it be a sin, we can implore the forgiveness of it; to remove it, we Bulier was lately selling at Harrisburg, Pa. at five ask not either their sympathy or assistance-it may cents per lb. and is said “not to have been as cheap be our physical weakness--it is our moral strength. since the memory of man.” It is probably cheaper If, like the Greeks and Romans, the moment we in several parts of the United States; and I have cease to be masters, we are slares—wc, thenceforth, known it to be sold for 4d. in the public market of a minister, like the modern Italians, to the luxury and much larger town than Harrisburg: pleasures of our masters-poets, painters, musicians Novel transportolion. Yesterday, (says a late New and sculptors, we may be—the moral qualities, how York paper), a drove of 89 head of fine fat cattle pass. crer, which would make us fair partakers of the ed up the Bowery-from West New York, in twenty grandeur of a great empire would be gone---we would odd hours from Albany, by the tow-boats of the stand stripped and desolate, under a fervid sun, and Henry Eckford, with a capal boat and cargo in upon a generous soil, a mockery to ourselves, and company. Where will the benefits of steam and cathe very contrast of what, with a little firmness and nal navigativa epd?
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