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their commerce and navigation, the two contracting In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my band, parties do hereby agree, as soon hereafter as circum

and caused the seal of the United States to be stances will permit them, to form a consular conven. (L. 5.) affixed. Done at the city of Washington, this tion, which shall declare specially the powers and thirty-first day of May, in the year of our Lord immunities of the consuls and vice-consuls of the one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, respective parties.

and of the independence of the United States ARTICLE 31st.

the forty-ninth. The United States of America and the republic of

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, Colombia, desiring to make as durable as circum By the president: stances will permit, the relations which are to be

H. Clay, secretary of state. established between the two parties by virtue of this treaty, or general convention of peace, amity, commerce and navigation, have declared soleanly, and

CURONICLE. do agree to the following points:

Died, at his residence on Staten Island, on the 11th Ist. The present treaty shall remain in full force inst. Daniel D. Tompkins, esq. late vice president of and virtue for the term of twelve years, to be counter the United States, in the 51st year of his age. His from the day of the exchange of the ratifications, in remains were deposited in the narrow house," with all the parts relating to commerce and navigation; all the respect that was due to his distinguished serand in all those parts which relate to peace and vices to his state and country. friendship, it shall be permanently and perpetually

on the 13th inst. at New-York, the rev. John binding on both powers.

Summerfield, in the 27th year of his age, and the 8th 2dly. If any one or more of the citizens of either of his ministry—much esteemed and admired for the party shall infringe any of the articles of this treaty, suavity of his manners and the force of his eloquence. such citizen shall be held personally responsible for He had long been in a bad state of health; but, for the the same, and the harmony and good correspondence four last weeks preceding his decease,was severely ill. between the two nations shall not be interrupted Chancellor Kent, of N. Y. it is said, will be invited thereby; each party engaging in no way to proteci the to take the professorship of law in the University of offender, or sanction such violation.

Virginia. 3dly. If, (what, indeed, cannot be expected,), un Prussian charge d'affaires. On Monday, the 6th insi. fortunately, any of the articles contained in the pre- Mr. Niedersletter, delivered to the department of state sent treaty shall be violated or infringed in any other his credential letter, as charge d'affaires from Prusway whatever, it is expressly stipalaled, that neither sia, and, on the 8th instant, he was introduced to the of the contracting parties will order or authorize any president of the United States, and received, by him, acts of reprisal, nor declare war against the other, on in that character. complaints of injuries or damages, until the said par Naval. The U. S. vessels, Lawrence, Niagara, ty considering itself offended, shall first have present Queen Charlotte and Detroit, will be sold at Erie, as ed to the other a statement of such injuries or dama- they now lie at that place, on the 12th July. Escept ges, verified by competent proof, and demanded jus. for their old iron, &c. they cannot be of much value, fice and satisfaction, and the same shall have been and it would cost more to repair them than to build either refused or unreasonably delayed.

better vessels, should they be wanted-of which 4thly. Nothing in this treaty contained shall, how there is not the least prospect. Indeed, the relative cver, be construcd, or operate contrary to former condition of things is so much changed, that, even in and existing public treaties with other.sovereigns or the event of a war with Great Britain, it is not prostates.

bable that a strong naval force on Lake Erie can beThe present treaty of peace, amity, commerce and come necessary. navigation, shall be approved and ratified by the pre

The new frigale BRANDTWINE, to carry 44 guns, and sident of the United States of America, by and with a first rate ship of her class, was launched at the the advice and consent of the senate thereof, and by navy yard, Washington, on Thursday last. It is said the president of the republic of Colombia, with the that she will be atted immediately to carry Lafayette consent and approbation of the congress of the same, to France. He was wounded at Brandywine, in 1777. and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the city of Late advices from the Mediterranean, inform that Washington within eight months, to be counted from the American squadron, consisting of the North Carothe date of the signature hereof, or sooner if possible. lina, 74, Constitution, 44, and Erie sloop of war, were

In faith whereof, we, the plenipotentiaries of the lying at Malta. United States of America and of the republic of Co

Ship building. It is stated that two frigates, to lombia, have signed and sealed these presents.

carry 64 guns each, are building at New York for

the scrvice of the Greeks, and that they are to be Done in the city of Bogota, on the third day of Oc- completed in nine months. tober, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight

Interior navigation. The new steam boat Pioneer, hundred and twenty-four, in the forty-ninth year of of 120 tons, was launched at Black Rock on the 28th the independence of the United States of America, ult. She is intended to ply between Black Rock and and the fourteenth of that of the republic of Colom- | Detroit. Another steam boat, the Henry Clay, of 300 pia.

tons and upwards, is or the stocks at the same place, SEAL] RICHARD CLOUGH ANDERSON, Jr. and will be launched in a few days. SEAL.] PEDRO GUAL.

The New York canals. During the month of May, And wbereas the said convention has been duly ra- there departed from Albany eight hundred and thirtified on both parts, and the respective ratifications ty seven boats, carrying four thousand one hundred of the same were exhanged, at Washington, on the and twenty two tons of merchandise and household twenty-seventh day of the present month, by DANIEL goods, and twenty two thousand dollars were paid to BRENT, chief clerk of the department of state, and the collector in that city on account of toll. Jose Maria SALAZAR, L. L. D. fiscal of the high court A canal round the falls of the Ohio, is to be comof justice of the republic of Colombia, and envoy es- menced forthwith-so says a letter from Louisville. traordinary and ininister plenipotentiary thereof, | It will a work of great importance, indeed, to the near the goveroment of the United States of Ame- whole country, and our best wishes are for its speedy rica, on the part of their respective governments. accomplishment.



No. 17-VOL. IV.)


[Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE No. 719



Gen. LAFAYETTE arrived at Boston on the 15th fisheries the building of the navy "for the protection inst. On the following day, he was received by the of commerce"—the support of squadrons of vessels povernor, in the presence of the members of both of war in the Mediterranean, Atlantic and Pacific, Houses of the legislature, in a very handsome man- to defend the trade of the United States at the cannon's ner; and, on the 17th, he participated in the cere- mouth, and the whole system of discriminatory dulier, monies of laying the corner-stone of the monument in favor of the American ship-owners and seamen. to be erected on Bunker's Hill.

Let the editors of the "Literary Gazette” reser to the We have an account of this magnificent ceremony, debates in congress in 1789 and 1790, &c. and they but, supposing that an official or regular statement or will find that it was the eastern members that supparticulars will be published, we shall defer a long ported and the southern who opposed all these things; notice of it until prepared to make due record of the and that, if there is any merit in the present talk of transactions of the day, which belong to us and our the British about“relieving trade of its shackles,” it children. The procession was a mile and a half) is only a borrowed one; being the principle on which long, and contained about 8,000 persons, of whom, the “Virginia school" has acted from the beginning 2,000 were masons, splendidly dressed, according to until this day. And what has become of the "comtheir different orders. The troops were not numer- mercial states," of which so much was said in the ous, being only as an escort. The collection of peo- days of the convention?-the-voice of the fishermen? ple was exceedingly great-the streets, through which -ihe memorials and petitions of the merchants for the procession passed, were filled, as were also the protection-and a thousand et ceteras that might be houses on them. Seats were provided for 15,000, to added? But, what has the British government done? hear the oration pronounced by Mr. Webster. The What law has passed which admits the products of ladies present, amounted to many thousands, and it is the people of other countries into a fair competition estimated that not less than 60,000 men witnessed with those of the people of Great Britain? Will Amethe ceremonies. 4,400 plates were set for dinner, at|rican flour, American cotton goods, or American mathe grand dining place, and every one was occupied.nufactured books, be admitted—boots, shocs, leather A number who fought in the battle, 50 years before, -or, indeed, any article which the soil and people were present—these were all accommodated with of that country can supply, unless at a rate of duty carriages. The whole number of persons who were that amounts to a prohibition? Has the British coloactors or spectators on this occasion, could not have nial system been abolished-has trade been made beon less than 150,000!

equally free, even to British subjects and among themMr. Webster's oration will be published. It was, selves? Is the wheat of Canada admitted on the same no doubt, worthy of the time and place when and terms or principles on which goods are forced on the where it was delivered. Gen. Lafayette enjoyed the consumption of that country? Is the duty on sugar, if scene to the full. He is in fine health and spirits. imported from the British West-Indies, the same as

if imported from the British East Indies? When there THE WEATHER Was excessively hot for several days questions are answered by any who laud the British past. On Tuesday, the thermometer ranged from 87 free-tradepolicy!!!--others will be tendered. 10 97°--according to location. In what might be esteemed as comparatively cool houses, it stood at 93. Wheat. As Mr. Huskisson, in his late speech in In other places of business, which could not be re- parliament, would not suffer the British people to garded as being extraordinarily confined, it was at 97. consume foreign wheat, though they might obtain it

at half the price which the product of their own THE CROP OF GRAIN never was more promising than country costs them, it may be amusing, as well as useat present. A super-abundant harvest is expected. ful, to shew what was the price of wheat at different Where shall we find a market for the surplus? Eng places, during the last year, and the average price ita land will not take bread from us at half the price for London at the same times: the prices are in sterling which she can raise it for herself, though offered in money, per quarter, and taken from returns made to exchange for gauze, bobbin or buckram. Yet we meet parliament. with the following queer remarks in the last number Month. Places. Price. Price al London. of the “United States Literary Gazette,” published at March, Odessa, 155, 9d. 64s. 9d. Boston on the 15th instant:

Sept. St. Petersburg, 27 “The maxim, that it is best to let the natural course October, Lisbon, of commerce alone, appears to be one which govern- Decem. Dantzic, 22 5 66 3 ments, whether despotic, limited or popular, are least Do. Emden, willing to learn. The British government are leading


Amsterdam, the way, in this department of improvement, with Do. Leghorn, decided steps; and it is among the decpest mortifica Do. Calais tions, which an intelligent American is called on to Septem. Philadelphia, 36 53 11 (last week) suffer, that his government, whose very key-stone is These are sufficient---but it is worthy of special nothe abolition of absurd prejudices, should still cling tice that, even at Calais, which is within sight of Engto the miserable dogmas of the theory of restriction land, the price was nearly one half less than it was and protection."

in England, in December last. This is very strange language to come from New-England, which has profitted more by the "ab FLOUR AND GRAIN. A bill bas passed the British surd prejudices" in favor of "restriction and protec- bouse of commons to allow the consumption of rcoretion" than any other section of the United States. We housei Canadian wheat, on the payment of a duty of have beard such things before, and from our "eastern 10 shillings per quarter. ? is to be accompanied with brethren” too; but have always had to remark the "certificates of origin," and queer fears were espres. ingenuity with which they retired from a discussioned least some " taerica" grain might be mixed wirii abont the "bounties and allowances" made to the the products of his majesty's linge subjects in Canad: :

Vol. XXVII.- 17.

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By the same bill, "American” corn may be imported the remedy is simple, and obtained without additioninto Canada, on the payment of a duty of 8 shillings al expense or trouble. Security, it is evident, is not per quarter.

found peculiarly to belong to high or low pressure

engines. The danger is just the same whether the Cotton. The British market is rather dull-hut|boat is propelled at nine miles per hour, or twelvesales were made on the 13th May at "nearly former whether her boiler be made of iron or copper-and prices.” L'plands brought 16 3-8 to 19d. —Orleans 171 strength of materials and excellence of workmanto 201; Tennessees 17 to 181.

ship have proved no security. My plan is to fix, in

the boiler, a simple water register, with a conspicuINTERVAL IMPROVEMENTS. We hear, from all quar- ous index, to which the engineer or captain must tors, of the activity and zeal of the different brigades of pay particular attention, which erery hand and pas. engineers, now employed under the direction of the senger on board will understand, and all must be indepartnıent of war, in the survey of routes for roads structed, that, below a certain point, the water in the and canals. The stock of information that will be ac- boiler must never be suffered to fall: but let that quired by them, cannot be valued by the dollars and point be as far above the apex of the flue as may be cents that it will cost--and we have no fear, as some decmed perfectly safe, not less than ten or twelve seem to entertain, that the making of roads and ca- inches, so that the fire and steam can never act in nals will destroy the constitution of the United States, concert upon the material of which the boiler is comor even break down the “old political land-marks!" posed.”

THE CREEKS. We learn from the Savannah Geor The slave trade is still extensively carried ongian, that maj. Andrews, who has arrived at Milledge thanks to the “most Christian king” of France, and ville, from Washington, charged by the president, s most faithful king" of Portugal. The British, howwith investigating the late affairs in tke Creek nation, ever, seize many vessels, and let the wretched capand the agency of Crowell in them, has called a meet- tives go free. ing of the Creek lodians, to be held on the 14th inst.

Emigration. All the vessels navigating lake Erie, AFFAIRS OF THE Creeks. The documents accom- are carrying westward as many passengers and goods panying several messages of the governor of Geor- as they can hold. gia, to the legislature of the state, in relation to the late treaty with the Crecks and the subsequent distur Bonners. An article showing the number of perbances among them, including the death of McIntosh, sans employed in the manufacture of straw and grass are so very voluminous that we cannot find room for bonnets in the United States, (which are rapidly drivthe whole, and do not like to venture upon a selection, ing those of Leghorn, &c, out of use), would be er. lest injustice might be done to some party or per- ceedingly interesting. This is an elegant employment sons concerned in those things. And besides, it seems for respectable young women, who have to depend that the local politics of Georgia have somehow got on the labor of their hands for support. One manaintermingled with these affairs, and we do not wish facturer at Ithaca, New York, employs sixty persons. to be even suspected of interfering with them. We In fineness of braid, texture and color, the hats are shall, therefore, at least for the present, suspend a said to be equal to the imported, though they are sold publication of any of the documents or papers, until 25 per cent cheaper. we hear the report of the U. S. commissioners, major gon. Gaines and major Andrews, who have been appointed to investigate the subject.

MASSACHUSETTs. The people of the towns of this In consequence of various rumors, the people on

state have to pay their own representatives in the lethe Georgia frontier had become much alarmed, fear- gislature, and hence, oftentimes, do not send any. It ing an attack by the Indians; but we hope and be is stated that, at the present meeting, no less than one lieve that their fears are groundless-yet there is

hundred and sixty-eight towns are not represented. too much reason to apprehend that persons will not 35,221 votes, and all other persons 2,196.

At the late election for governor, Levi Lincolo had he wanting to urge them on to hostilities, that an excuse may be furnished to makc war upon them. It would appear to us, that the United States cannot in RHODE ISLAND BANKS. There are, in the state of terfere, (except as peacc-makers), with the affairs of Rhode Island, forty-three banks, which, though un the Creeks, growing out of the late treaty. Their exampled in number for the extent and population of own laws and usages, certainly, must have effect the state, (averaging rather more than one bank for among themselves. They have a right to put up and every 2,000 souls), do not seem to be much in each put down whom they please, as chiefs. It is suflicient other's way, if we may judge of their business from ihat they do not commit violence on the persons and the individual statements of their affairs, lately renproperty of the citizens of the United States. dered to the legislature. From these statements,

which are published in detail in the Providence JourSTEAT. A writer in the "Federal Gazette,” who nal, we obtain the following aggregate view of the appare: tly inderstands the subject, espresses a very condition of the whole forty-three banks. They redecided opinion, that every, (or almost every), ex-portplosion of steam boilers has been caused by a want of Capital stock paid in,

$5,301,792 cure to keep them properly filled with water. That, let Deposites,

767.909 them be made of what they may, and as strong as is Profits on land,

115,771 possible, they must give way that the steam, when Debts due from banks,

5,976 in a particular state of expansion, will esplode on Bills in circulation,

101,199 euning into contact with red hot iron or other me Debts due from directors,

917,3037 tal; and that the iron or other metal will become red Due from other stockholders, 675,196 Hivi, when acted upon by fire on one side, and steam Due from all other persons,

4,471,410 on the other. He has little or no confidence in safety Specie,

462,439 valves; and, speaking of his theory, says-"Should Bills or other banks,

194,400 These opinions prove well founded, the fear that al Deposites in other banks,

166,746 most every one feels of trusting himself, or one of his Bank stock,

71.002 family, on board of a steam boat, will give place im United States bank stock,

50,000 midiatciy to full confidence in their safety, because i Real estate,



VERMONT. Every variety of testimony of assection The mayor, however, apprehends that this state of and respect will have been paid to Lafayette ere he increasing prosperity cannot last. He says, "that leaves our shore. Among them, that at Windsor, in the northern and eastern states do not see, without Vermont, will not be the least gratifying or charac- jealousy, the advantages we enjoy;" and he refers teristic.

to the projects for making the Chesapeake and Obio The whole of the population were to turn out some canal, of one to unite the Susquehannah with the days since, in order to make a good carriage road to Ohio, of that to unite the Ohio with lake Eric, and the top of the Ascutney mountains, one of the lofty that to connect the Ilinois with lake MichiganGreen Mountain ridge, in order that the general, either of which, he supposes, will affect the trade of when he arrives there, may be able to take a ride New Orleans. But why these great public works, if over this elevated ground, from which a most delight- needful to the convenience of such large portions of ful and extensive prospect can be enjoyed.

the people of the United States, should be caused by

"jealousy" of New Orleans, the mayor does not tell GEORGIA. We publish a report, made by a com It is a very careless expression of Mr. Roffignac. mittee of the legislature of Georgia, echoing the much to be regretted expressions of the governor, and tend ARKANSAS. A census of the population of this tering to excite those very feelings which, as yet, we ritory has lately been taken, and we have the returns must believe, exist only in the imagination of some from eight out of the ten counties into which it is ditoo ardent politicians. "If these things are intended vided. The aggregates are as follows: White perfor effect, the result will be exactly the reverse of sons 13,576; free blacks 71; slaves 1,393—total 15,040. that which is hoped for; and the language made use of whom, 2,977 are white males above the age of of is destitute of that dignity which should mark the twenty-one years. proceedings of every deliberative body. At present, The following “bit” is from the National Journal however, these things are to be regarded only as the --"An application is to be made to the legislature of acts of individuals and such, we trust, they will re- the territory, at its next session, for the establishwain to be. The recommendation of a former go-ment of a bank, in the town of Arkansas, with a capivernor of Massachusetts, “to seek protection under tal of $750,000. According to the above census, the the British cannon," was not less exceptionable than number of white males of 21 and upwards, in the the governor of Georgia's call on the people “to stand whole county of Arkansas, is only estimated at 100. by their arms:" and both will remain as monuments Perhaps there may be some difficulty to find inhabiof the safety with which'error of opinion may be tole- tants, in the town of Arkansas, to constitute the rerated, when reason is left free to combat it.” We used quisite number of directors. If so, they may borrow to find fault with the sectional feelings of the "com- a few from New York.” mercial states," and laugh at the calling out of the Moseses and Sampsons of New England; and what shall “Tue Rart.” The commanding officer of the we say about the new confederation proposed in the western department, of the army of the United States, repori to the legislature of Georgia?

has been ordered to select from among the officers

stationed at Camp Jessup, in Arkansas, as his judge KENTUCKY. A letter from Greenup county to the ment may direct, one or more gentlemen, to explore, editor, says that three furnaces and one forge have examine and report, on the nature” of the famous obbeen put into successful operation, in that county, structions to the navigation of the Red River, by within less than three years. The ore is excellent, what is called “the raft"--whether they can be reand large quantities of castings and bar iron, of a moved, or if it will be necessary to open a new chansuperior quality, are made at those establishments. nel round them. . We may now expect an interestHow much more pleasant is it to hear of such crea- ing account of this wonderful collection of old trees, tions of value, than to be informed of the building up rubbish, &c. which, if we remember rightly, forms a of paper-money manufactories! The first leads to sort of bridge over a great river, of several miles in wealth, through industry—the last, to poverty, in the length. transfer of persons from the productive to the consuming classes.


evening the 4th inst. the gatos at the foot of Black New ORLEANS. Financial concerns of the city, ex- Rock harbor were opened, and lake Erie, for the first tracted from the message of the mayor:

time, commenced feeding the western extremity of The account rendered by the city treasurer, and the Erie canal. This new line of canal which wings published agreeably to law in the oficial newspapers) along the margin of the Niagara for nine miles, beof the 24th of March last, presents, for its result, a tween Black Rock and Tonewanta, is said to be resum of $150,545 41-100 due to the city, and accruing markably beautiful, having been laid out with great from a part of the farms of 1825, and, by the same taste and judgment, and faithfully executed. It is account, it appears that the debts of the corporation, wider and deeper than are the other sections, for the to the banks, by notas and by accounts, amounted to purpose of throwing forward from the lake into the $51,939 97-100, which leaves to the credit of the cor-basin, formed by the bed of the Tonewanta, an amporation, a balance of $98,705 44-100. And, as to ple supply of water for the whole line west of Rowhat relates to the loan of $300,000, for the paving chester. and watering of the city, there exists, in the sinking fund, besides the regular payment of the half yearly GRAND ISLAND, in the Niagara river, which was aginterest, a sum of $54,000, towards the reimburse- certained to be the property of the state of New ment of the principal, which is only to take place, to York, by the late establishment of the boundary bewit: $150,000 in seven years, and $150,000 in about tween the United States and the British possessions, eight years. The daily increase of revenue of the has been sold for the sum of $76,000. 'Mr. Noah, corporation cannot fail to be sufficient to meet, with editor of the New York National Advocate, as agent out effort, that reimbursement, for which certain for some European Jews, has purchased the principal branches of that revenue are annually appropriated. part of the island, on which the descendants of AbraThe amount of the city revenue was, in

ham intend to build a city of refuge from the op1920,

$119,521 40 pressions of the old world. In 1824, it was

188,000 00

This island is about 12 miles long and from 8 to 6

in breadth, and is heavily timbered with white oak, Giving an increase of

$68,178 60 hickory, ash, maple, &c. It faces the mouth of the

breat Erie canal, and a bridge to connect it with the southern brethren, bave resolved that, at least for inain land may be erected at a small expense. The, the present, they will not dispose of any more of their cataract of Niagara is at a short distance below the lands. cast end of the island; it is proposed to locate the Mr. Olmstead-In pursuance of the orders of the new city on the westernmost point, and no place, it war department, governor Cass attended lately at is said, can be better fitted for a great commercial Wapaghkonetta for the purpose of purchasing out the depot. The whole island contains 17,800 acres. Indians within the limits of Ohio. Invitations had

Girand Island was formerly the property of the been given to the Miamies, of Indiada, the Ottowas, Seneca Indians, who sold it, and the four small islands Senecas, Wyandotts and Shrawanoese, in Ohio-The adjacent, to the state of New York for $1,000 and 500 Miamies and Wyandotts would not attend; a few of avuity.' The names of the small islands are Straw- the Ottowas and Senecas obeyed the call. The whole berry, Snake, Squaw and Bird. Navy Island is at of the Shawanoese were present. The governor, some distance below all these islands. At one pe- with his usual ability, urged upon the Shawanoese the riod, Grand Island contained many squatters, who necessity of their moving out of the reach of the seem to have Irad a local government of their own: white settlements, to scek a home west of the Misbut they were driven off in 1920, by gov. Clinton. sissippi, where game was plenty, and where they The current of the Niagara is gentle here, and the could be gratified in the full enjoyment of their forriver abounds with excellent fish.

mer habits; that the United States would provide From what has happened in the western country, them a country and guarantee the peaceable possesit is very possible, and perhaps probable, that, in lesssion thereof. than twenty years, a large city may be seated on The Indians have unanimously refused to sell and. Grand Island, the resort of many vessels employed remove at this time. The proposition came too abin navigating the lakes Erie, Huron and Michigan, rupt and unexpectedly upon them, their minds were and having a vast commerce with the regions of the not prepared for such an occurrence-There is no west, on one hand, and with the Atlantic ports on doubt they will, in a few years, be willing to move, the other, through the great canal and inajestic and quite as soon as the wants of our population will Iludson.

call for the lands which they now occupy. Wapagh

konetta, on the principal upper branch of the AuAFRICAN COLONY. By the brig Hunter, captain glaize, is 30 miles north of Piqua, and 78 south of Montgomery, (late Peters), which sailed from this Fort Meigs. It has been the principal settlement of port with the last emigrants to the colony at Mesu- the Shawanoese nation since the year 1785. rado, and arrived here yesterday, in 66 days passage Your obedient servant, JOAN JOUNSTON, from that settlement, we learn that the colonists who

Agent for Indian affairs. went out in her were landed in good health, and that Columbus, May 30, 1825. they, together with the other colonists, continued in the full enjoyinent of that blessing, and good spirits, MURDER OF INDIANS. Three white persons were to the time of her departure.

executed in Indiana, on the 3d instant, for the murThe rev. Mr. Sampson and Mrs. Draper, (colored der of certain Indians, about fifty of whom were colpcople), are passengers in the Hunter.

lected to witness their awsul exit. The case, if we [Norfolk Deacon. recollect it rightly, was one of unprovoked barbarity,

and it has met with its reward. COLONIZATION SOCIETY. The general assembly of the Presbyterian church of the United States, held at GLORIOUS UNCERTAINTY OF THE LAW. It will be Philadelphia, rose a week or two since, after a ses- preceived by one of the trials at the court of sessions, sion of two weeks, wanting one day. During their published in this day's paper, that a singular fact bas session, they resolved ananimously to recommend to leaked out, tending to show the truly glorious uncerall their churches lo patronize the objects of the tainty of the law. Mr. Thorne, in riding in his gig, Ameriean colonization society, and recommended was dangerously wounded in the head by a stone collections to be made in all their churches, for the thrown by one of two men who were together. He benefit of this object, on the fourth of July next, or secured one and had him sent to prison. The next on the Sunday which follows it. This measure was day, the other appeared and acknowledged that he allopled with an earnestness bighly flattering to the had thrown the stone, the other was, of course releasTulure prospeels of that colony. Dr. Chester, of ed, with the regrets of Mr. Thorne at having impriAlbany, a gentleman of magnanimous and kindly soned an innocent man. He brought an action, howfeelings, and of commanding eloquence, first address- ever, against Mr. Thorne for false imprisonment, and ed the assembly, with much warmth and energy, in actually recovered and received $150. When, lo! in tavor of this measure. He was followed by several this trial, it was proved beyond doubt, that the impriothers of similar opinion, among whom was Dr. soned man, who had the conscience to take Thorne's Glendy The resolution on the subject was offered $150, was actually the man who threw the stone, and by Dr. Palmer, of Charleston. The general assem- the avowal of the other was a mere conspiracy to debly consists of nearly an hundred and fifty members, fraud. Such chaps should be made to feel the sword from all parts of the country, and its unanimous of justice--point, not the bilt. (N. Y. Nd. d. sapction cannot but cheer the labors of the steady and persevering friends of the African colony. STEAM CARRIAGES, Rafl ways, &c. This subject, so

The general synod of the Reformed Dutch Church, interesting to all the lovers of good roads and comthe couvention of the Episcopal church in Virginia, fortable travelling, is losing none of its interest in the Baptist foreign and domestic missionary society, Europe. Experiments of a very satisfactory nature and several other highly respectable bodies of indi- have been made, and it appears that something will viduals, have proceeded simultaneously with the ge- be done. A German paper states, that Matthew peral assembly of the Presbyterian church, for the Broemark, a learned Danish mathematician, has insupport and encouragement of the African coloniza-vented a new steam carriage, which can easily be tion project, by the collection of subscriptions on the guided, and travel, it is said, fourteen leagues in an tiour. 4th of July.

The first experiment was made sixty leagues from the

capital. The carriage, loaded with passengers, set North WESTERN INDIANS. By the following com- out at half an hour past eleven from the place were munication to the editor of the Columbus Gazette, it it was built, and arrived at the gates of Copenhagen, appears that the North Western Indians, like their at a quarter before five. M. Broemark intends to

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