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rious arguments why Kentucky ought to support their now forgotten, tending to the conclusiveness of his candidate. The importunities at times of some, in- views. This Mr Sanford had, on the same morning, duced me to speak what I felt, when it was especially previous to my having the conversation with Mr. Kreurged that Kentucky ought to support the general; mer abovementioned, (I think it was the same mornnamely, that I knew of no reason why Kentucky ing, but cannot be certain), met me in the lobby of should support him; that she was just as free to select the house of representatives, and accosted me very as any other state; and, in my opinion, sie had nothing smilingly, and said, “I am very much obliged to the to exprct from him, more than the others; and at legislature of Kentucky, for instructing you all to vote some times are my reasons for that opinion; and, for the gencral;" and I think, though I will not be to show the fallacy of the idea, that he entertained positive, added nearly the same words presently after any partialities for Kentucky, 1 adverted to the gene- used by Mr. Kremer, that he could nou meet us as ral order he published after the battle of New-Orleans, brothers. The reply I made him, he is at liberty to in which he had cast the urinerited stigma of cowy- tell, provided he does not do as has been done with ordice on the Kentuckians; and, although proved to my observations to Mr. Kremer. I have no doubt, the satisfaction of the world to be founded in error, however, that Mr. Sanford will remember what pasthat his magnarimity had never permitted him to cor- sed between him and myself upon the subject of his rect it. I mentioned the terms in which I understood certificate, in the presence of Mr. Crafts, of Vermont; he had alluded to the name of gov. Shelby in his let- and if ever Mr. Kremer and himself made the reply to ter to Mr. Monroe, when that distinguished individual me, as stated, all I say, can say, is, that it was done, as had been spoken of for the war department; I men- the story is relaied of the overscer abusing his em finned also his role on the tariff in regard to some ployer-after I was out of hearing. articles in which Kentucky more than any other state, I think it not unlikely that the conversations I have was interested, as illustrative, so far as the past could related, which were held with various persons, and inform us, that he had neither regardez' the same or those mentioned with Mr. Kremer and Mr. Sanford, the interest of the state, when presented to his action have been seized upon, by the author of that address, --and, therefore, however well, as an individual, I, and distorted and converted into the language ascribe might feel towards him, yet, that Kentucky, as a state, ed to me. It is very clear to me that I did not say to was under no peculiar obligations to bim; and, I may Mr. Kremer, that gen. Jackson was my choice next to have added, that I did not consider that he possessed Mr. Clay; nor that I told him that Kentucky would fit and suitable qualifications for the great and diver- come out strong for the general; nor that gen. Jacks sified duties of the oftice, and that I did not beliere son, if elected, would make Mr. Adams secretary of that the interests of the west, or the union, would be state; nor could I have wished to have known of him promoted by his election, more than by the election what the friends of gen. Jackson would do for Kenof another. I have also mentioned, when conversing tucky; for, really, I should suppose, that no man, who on the relations of gen. Jackson and Mr. Adams toward is acquainted with Mr. Kremer, would ever have each other, that I had imderstood that they had al- thought of going to him to make a bargain, or to obways been intimate and friendly, and that gen. Jack- tain a promise or understanding about any office in son, it was thought, preferred Mr. Adams to either the gift of a president. Such an idea may be held of thc others; and that Mr. Adams, I was told, had out at a distance, whcre Mr. K. is only known as a said, that he would not scrve in the cabinet of any member of congress, but never can gain credit where one of the candidates, except general Jackson. he is known asa man.
I recollect that, shortly after we received informa I remember that it was often said, by members, tion that the legislature of Kentucky ha passed a re- and, perhaps, by friends of each of the candidates, solution requesting the delegation to vote for general that Mr. Clay, and his friends, wheid the balance in Jackson, that Mr. Kremer came to me, in the house their hands;" and it may have been said by some, that of representatives, and observer!, in substance--that Kentucky "held the balance in her hands”—but to he could no10 meet “Kentucky as brothers, since the this opinion I did not then, nor do I yet, subscribe. }egislature has instructed you to vote for the general;" | Instead of the common salutation of "how are you that he always knew Kentucky would do her duty--this morning?" Mr. Kremer's ordinary expression he always knew kentucky would support the general-- was, to me, "how is Kentucky to-day?" And, it is pro"Pennsylvania loves Kertucky"-Clay is a great fa- bable that, at some time, I may have answered, “she is vorite in Pennsylvania, and, if Kentucky helps us now not dead yet;" but never in relation to Mr. Clay's exto eleet the general, as he knew she would, Pennsyl-clusion from the house. But supposing that I was to vania would stick to Kentucky next time for Clay; admit, what it is represented I said to Mr K. upon the and some other such forward silly observations. I inquiry stated—what could be made of it against me, acknowledge that I was not altogrther pleased with considering and taking into view the time, the manthe remarks, or the manner of Mr. Kremer, and re-iner, and the person to whom said? The conversation plied to him, at no great length, but in a way, that, if is alleged to be introduced incidentally, by Mr. Krehe bad either perception or sensibility, he could not i mer bimself; my reply is represented to be not secret, well harc misanderstood. This was probably the But open, and in the presence of a witness, who had last conversation that Mr. Kremer had with me on been procured to be present, or, if they rather, who the subject-1 think so. But, whether this be the had accidentally come up. To those who know Mr. conversation pretended to be ailuded to, or not, I can- Kremer, the idea of a hoax would much more readily not say. Bill, a word io the lionorable member who attach itself to such a conversation, than of intrigue; is said to have been present and heard a part of the and the only part of the narrative that I can recognize ronversation, and who is said to have given a certifi- as strictly true, is Mr. Kremer's introducing a concate, though I hare not seen it. This member is Mr. versation to me-for it is certainly very true, that Sanford, of Tennessee, who had, some time previous, he very often mentioned the subject of the election taken me aside, (and i am not the only one of the to me, but I never once, during the session, introdueSentucky deleration that he corneril on the subject), ed the subject to him, or to Mr. Sanford, that I re10 persuade ardinduerce me to vote for the general, collect of. How much credit is due to the statement, by the force of leis arguments and his views of the that a “member” told Mi. Kremer, that “Mr. Adam's subject; at whicitire ne dwelt very largely upon the fricods had made overtures,” &c. which is made the the good feelings of the people of Tennessee toward prelude to the conversation said to have been had Hr. Olay; and was quite sure, if general Jackson was with me by Mr. Kremer, I shall leavc. to others to outsted nosv, tiat notiin: was ciparer than that Mr. judge-for my own part, I do not believe it. I do not Crould be prz!!.. Y, and many other things belicre that any member ever seriously told him any
such thing; but, if any one had, and he had been de- interfere with the rights of my constituents, although sirous of ascertaining the truth, and of confining him to fix on me the charge of violating instructions has self to it, it seems to me the most judicious and ready wholly failed. I always have been, and always shall mode
would have been to have pursued back the in- be, in favor of the right of instruction, and shall be quiry, until he found out who made the “overtures,” found to abide and defend that right as long as any and to whom they were made; but, to avoid and de. one who is concerned in these complaints against feat investigation into the charges propagated, seems | me, which I am now compelled to defend. to be one part of the plan of operations.
But suppose the legislature had requested us to vote It is admitted, that there was much free and fami- for Mr. Adams, and we had voted for the general; Bar conversation among the members on the subject where would have boen all this out-cry, abuse and of the election. The friends of Mr. Clay having slander? Would Mr. Kremer, his aiders and abetbeen deprived of their first choice, by the return of tors, have complained. Not they: and it is an old the other three candidates to the house of represen- saying, that a rule that does not work both ways, is not tatives, were the only members who had to make a good one; so that, it is equally evident, that this consecond choice. The friends of each of the others spiracy has originated in disappointed hopes in arrivwere desirous of obtaining the suffrages for their fa- ing at power; and one remark may be worthy of notice; vorite; and, therefore, I presume, it was, that the that they who would use unfair incans to obtain powfriends of Mr. Clay were more talked to by the other er, would not be over-scrupulous about the use of it members, than the friends of either of the returned afterwards. And I venture to suggest, as much noise candidates. And, amidst all these conversations, in- as the friends of general Jackson have made about nocently conceived, casually held, carelessly expres- Mr. Clay, myself, and others of his friends, voting sed, it would have been no matter of surprise if the for Mr. Adams, connected with all their professions designing and the unprincipled had, by distortion and of fairness and purity of conduct, that the friends of misrepresentation, drawn into their service many the other two candidates fall very far short of the more conversations than they have done. If they means used, to obtain our vote for the general. The have made what they have exhibited out of my con- friends of Mr. Clay were solicited, persuaded, enversations, of reply to two men, what may they not be treated, tendered the most unseigned assurances of able to make from the carelcss and open conversations friendship; }etters it is believed, were written from of all others? When these conspirators shall make here to Frankfort, to get up those instructions; letters this arithmetica) calculation, it is not unlikely we were also written, it is believed, to some of the disshall see another address with the signature of “G. (tricts, to have the members instructed and pressed to Kremer."
vote for the general; letters, and paragraphs appearWhatever words I may have used, or whatevered the prints in New York, Philadelphia and other conversations I may have had, that I have ever, in any places, denouncing Mr. Clay and his friends, if they conversation, jocose, careless, or serious, sought to should vote for Nír. Adams or Mr. Crawford; and'ı obtain a bargain, a promise, or an understanding for may ask, what was not done that could be done, to any office, of any kind, for Mr. Clay, is utterly false control Mr. Clay and his friends, to lead or drive and unfounded.
them into the support of the general? And, not havAs to my vote for Mr. Adams, I will be permitted ing been able to accomplish their ends, the whole to say, it was given with the sole view to the inte-complaint is, that Mr. Clay and some of bis friends rests of my country, according to the best dictates voted for Mr. Adams, whereby Mr. Adams was of my judgment, without personal predilections for elected on the first ballot, and thereby deprived the the one, or unfriendly feelings for the other; and friends of the general of a further scuttle for the prewithout any view to office for Mr. Clay: nor, in giv- sidency, although it is quite evident, to many, he ing this vote, am I chargeable with the violation of could not have been elected; and thereupon, to jusinstruetions. The legislature of Kentucky has never tify complaint, charges of corruption have been fabriassumed the right of instructing the members of con- cated, and Mr. George Kremer selected to propogate gress from that state. The legislature has exercised them. It is a trite saying, that none are so ready to the right of instructing the senators in congress, on charge corruption upon others, as they who are corthe ground of the rights of constituents; the legisla- ruptible themselves. ture, in that case, are the electors, and to the electors Mr. Kremer, in the respective publications bearis the elected responsible. But, as to members of the ing his signature, is made to be free and profuse in house of representatives, no such right ever has, or proclaiming his fairness, his political honesty, his ever will be claimed by the legislature; for it is a great abhorrence to intrigue, management, conspiraright wbich belongs to the people, whose immediate cies, &c. How far his professions accord with his representatives they arc; to their constituents the re-acts, will be judged of; and, upon reading these presentatives are alone responsible, and not to the declarations of purity and honesty, the old saying ocrepresentatives of the same people, exercising lezis- curs to my mind, that they who boast most of their lative powers in another department. This would be fairness and honesty, are apt to have the least;" and to transfer the power and control of the people over in no case, perhaps, has that saying been better verifitheir representatives in congress to the legislature of ed, than in the case where Mr. Kremer is the visathe state, which the people never did, nor never will ble actor. The reading of the case appears to be as do. They will, as they ought to do, hold the control- follows:: A letter was written here, 25th January, ling and corrective power in their own hands, and was published in a Philadelphia print on 28th Janua. exercise it according to their own judgment and dis- ry, is sent to Mr. Clay; Mr. Clay's card is published cretion.
in the Intelligencer, on the 31st January; on the 3d The legislature have, as in the present case, re- day of February, "another card" appears in that paquested the delegation-which request is assuredly en- per, signed “G. Kremer,” neither owning nor denytitled to great respect and consideration, on accounting that he was the author of the letter of the 25th, of the very highly respectable and intelligent body January: but declares he is ready to prove all that is from which it emanated—and that request did receive alleged against "H. Clay,” (omitting his friends), and my most serious and respectful consideration; and I that he would "cry aloud and spare not;" this scemshould have taken great pleasure in complying with it, ed pretty bold in the way of proof, but no notice is if I had not considered a paramount duty required a taken of the imputations cast on the author of that different course This is a matter, however, which letter in the card of Mr. Clay. Mr. Kremer having belongs properly to my constituents and myself; and thus resorted to some tribunal that could heat anii I can see no right, the writer of that address hail to determine, Mr. Clay applicd to the house of repre
sentatives for an investigation. Mr. Kremer rose in interests intended to be subserved by it: but, whether his place and professed himself ready to make proof, it be so, or not, I shall not undertake to decide or and invited, if not challenged, investigation---the sub- suggest. My object is not to inculpate others, but to ject was submitted to the house, and the next day exculpate myself from the unwarranted and unjust it was considered and debated; then, and not till attack made on me in the name of Mr. Kremer. then, was the investigation objected to. During the
FR. JOHNSON.“ debate, Mr. Kremer, in the lobby of the house of re Tashington, 7th March, 1825. presentatives, declared, in presence of Mr. Brent, of Louisiana, col. Little, of Maryland, and Mr. Digges, all gentlemen of the first respectability, that he had Eighteenth Congress--2d Session. never charged Mr. Clay with corruption or dishonor, or with transferring, or that he could transfer, his March 2. (Evening session) ---The committee apfriends; and that he was amongst the last men in the pointed to make such arrangements as may be nomation to make such a charge against him. (See the cessary for the reception of the president of the statement of this conversation published in the Na United States, on the occasion of his inauguration, tional Journal, of March 1st.] During the same day, reported, in part, the following resolution: and pending the same debate, within the walls of the Resolved, That the secretary of the senate inform the house of same capitol of the union, the said Mr. G. Kremer representatives, that the president elect of the United States, on told a gentleman, in the presence of Mr. Crownin- Friday next, at 12 o'clock, will take the oath of office required by shield, a member from Massachusetts, and former and that he also i form the president elect, that the senate will be secretary of the navy, that he did not write the letter in session at that time. of the 25th January. Mr. Crowninshield, struck with
A resolution was received from the house of reprethis denial, observed, "what is that you say, Mr. sentatives, to suspend the following joint rule for this Kremer? Do you say, you did not write that letter?" day: Mr. Erener replied, "yes, I did not write it.” Then,
"No bill or resolution, that shall have passed the said Mr. Crowninshield, go, like an honest man, and house of representatives and senate, shall be presentmake your peace, and don't lend yourself to others. ed to the president of the United States for his apThis is substantially, if not literally, the conversation probation on the last day of the session." as related to me by Mr. Crowninshield, and which he
The resolution of the house was taken up and has told to others openly and publicly.
agreed to by the senate. After two motions to adjourn had failed, and one, at
The bill granting the sanction of congress to an least, intended to afford Mr. Kiemer an opportunity to act of the legislature of Virginia, laying a tonnage explain and have the maiter settled, the resolution of duty on vessels coming to Petersburg, for the iminquiry was passed by an overwhelming majority: on prorement of the Appomattox river, was, after some the day following, the committee were appointed by debate, passed to a third reading-ayes 21, noes 11, ballot. Mr. Kremer was notified, perhaps the follow- and was subsequently read a third time, and passed. ing day, that the committee were ready to hear and / About forty private bills were passed and many others receive the evidence. Mr. Kremer, the day after, laid on the table-or rejected. The former will apdeclines appearing, (I think it was the day after the pear in the list of acts, if they have also passed the committee notified him of their readiness to proceed),
house of representatives. constiutional scruples had arisen. He would appear March 3. The whole of the morning was spent in only before his constituents, and there he would es- the consideration of executive business. A committablish all. The address to bis constituents appears, tee was appointed on their part to wait on the presion the 28th February, in the Washington Cily Ga- dent and inform him, that the business of both houses zette. Quera-Is there any one of his constituents was completed, and that they were ready to adjourn. that takes that paper, except it be some printer? Messrs. Smith and Macon were appointed the conAnd yet Mr. Kremer would appear only before his mittee, and the senate adjourned till this evening, to constituents. Whether the publication of this ad- transact other executive business. dress, at that particular time and place, was intended [Among the business attended to, the senate advisto produce any effect in either house of congress, on ed and consented to the ratification of the general what was cxpected to be before them, I shall leave convention of peace, amity, navigation and commerce, to others to judge.
recently concluded with the republic of Colombia, There is one other circumstance, which I scarcely by our minister resident at Bogota: and also confirmneed advert to, to exculpate myself from the charges ed the promotion of eight or nine masters commanmade against me, and that is, if Mr. Clay had wanted dant to be post captains, and of seven or eight lieuthe oslice of secretary of state, there could have been tenants to be masters commandant, in the navy. ] no necessity for intrigue on the part of any one.
The senate having finished the business of the sestalents, acquirements, and popularity, are of them- sion, Mr. Smith offered the following resolution, which selves sufficient to have induced either of the can was unanimously adopted: vidates to lave desired his services in that depart- Schedullar, president of the senate pro tempore, for the ability,
Resolved, . ment.
impartiality and integrity, he has evinced in discharging the ar. The foregoing statement of facts and circumstances, duons and important duties of his station. together with the observations thercon, the correct Whereupon, Mr. Gaillard rose, and delivered the ness of the one and the justness of the other, I submit to following address: thic reader, with this remark, that all the charges, al Gentlemen: The standing of this body in public legations and imputations against Mr. Clay, myself, estimation, and the character it has to sustain, can and his friends, rest before the community, upon the never fail to ensure to your presiding officers an exsingle name of "George Kremer;" that, however emption from much of those difficulties and embarwell satisfied any one may feel, that there is some one rassments that are sometimes to be encountered by at the bottom more skilful and designing than Mr. K. those who are called upon to preside over deliberathe wire-worker-yet there is no responsibility any tive assemblies; and the experience wbich I bave where identified and pointed out but Mr. K. Some had of your liberality, furnishes abundant proof that seem to think, that, although all this abuse and slan- they may always rely on your patient endurance and der is carried on in the name of Mr. Kremer, the indulgent support. Actuated by an anxious desire friend of general Jackson, and some of his friends, to endeavor to meet your reasonable expectations, may be lending their countenance to the charges however I might fail in the attempt; and influenced, against Mr. Clay and his friends; yet there are other I trust, by no other consideration than such as would
KOCSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
lead to a faithful and impartial discharge of the duties title; and that a purchase should be made, if it can be effected on confided to me; the gratification I derive from this reasonable terms, although the residue of the tribes to which the assurance of your satisfaction, is only to be surpassed said hoidans may be attached should not join in the contract.
This resolution, also, was, on motion of the mover, by the profound respect and gratitude with which it ordered to lie on the table. is received. In the hope and expectation that most
On motion of Mr. Markley, of Peno. it was of us may again be assembled together at this place,
Resolved, That the thanks of this house be presented to the hon. under the same kind and friendly feelings which have Henry Clay, for the alle, in partial and dignified manner in which heretofore prevailed within these walls; and with the be bas presided over its deliberations, and performed the arduous
and important duties of the chair during the present session of conin prospect before us of soon being permitted to return to our homes, families and friends, and the associa A few minutes after this vote, Mr. Clay, the speaker, tions connected with objects so dear and so interest- having resumed the chair, addressed the house as ing; the pleasure arising from the termination of our follows: session would have been without alloy-but for the “GENTLEVEN:For the honorable testimony which recollection that we shall then have to separate, and, you have been pleased this day to express of my offrom the vicissitudes attendant on human life and hu- ficial conduct in this highly distinguished station, I man affairs, perhaps forever, from many valuable pray you to accept my profound acknowledgments. associates, esteemed for their worth, respected for Near fourteen years, with but two comparatively their virtues, endeared to us by long, social and friend- short intervals, the arduous duties of the chair havo ly intercourse, and who will, I am persuaded, carry been assigned to me. In that long period, of peace with them to their retirement, our respect, csteem, and of war, causes from without and within, of and regard.
great public excitement; have occasionally divided I avail myself of this occasion to express to them our councils, disturbed one harmony, and threatand to all of you, gentlemen, in the utmost sincerity ened our safety. Happily, however, past dangers, of heart, the high sense of gratitude which I feel which appeared to encompass us, were dispellod, for the many acts of kindness and of favor that you as I anxiously hope those of the present will be, hare bestowed on me: they have been such as can in a spirit of mutual forbearance, 'noderation and never be effaced from my memory, and they will wisdom. The debates in this house, to which those ever be to me a source of proud and grateful recol causes gave rise, were sometimes ardent and anilections. Accept, I pray you, individually, as well mated: but, amidst all the heats and agitations proas collectively, an affectionate farewell, and my best duced by our temporary divisions, it has been my wishes for your health, happiness and prosperity. happy fortune to experience, in an unexampled
degree, the kindness, the confidence, and the affec
tiopate attachment of the members of the house.---IFednesday, March 2. Mr. Hamilton, in moving that of the numerous decisions which I have been callthe committee on military affairs be discharged from ed upon to pronounce from this place, on questions the further consideration of the president's late mes often suddenly started, and of much difficuiiy, it has sige, arging on congress the immediate adjustment of so happened, from the generous support given mo, the claim of Massachusetts for militia services dur- that not one of them has ever been reversed by the ing the late war; said he was authorized to say, that house. I advert to this fact, not in a vain spirit of the committec, participating in the desire felt by the exultation, but as furnishing a powerful motive for president, for the settlement of the claim in question, undissembled gratitude. had submitted to the joint delegations from Massa In retiring, perhaps forever, from a situation with chusetts and Maine, a proposition to report immcdia- which so large a portion of my life has been astely a short bill for the payment of so much of the sociated, I shall continually revert, during the reclaims as might be free from all constitutional objec- mainder of it, with unceasing respect and gratitude, tion; but these gentlemen, deeming such a course in- to this great theatre of our public action, and with espedient, and that, from the indications of the house, the firm belief that the public interests and liberty of it was not intended this session to discuss the subject, our beloved country will be safely guarded hereafter, (from, he belived, an entire misapprehension on the as they have been heretofore, by enlightened patriotpart of the house, that this topic invovled a long and ism. perhaps unpleasant discussion), had declined accept Gentlemen: In returning to your respective familie's ing this partial measure, under a belief that it might and constituents, I beg all of you, without exception, ultimately be prejudicial, if any hope could have been to carry with you my fervent prayers for the contientertained, that it would within the last ten days have nuation of your lives, your health, and your happibeen considered by the house. This state of things ness." left the committee po otber course than to move that Mr. Mércion offered the following resolution, which they be discharged from the further consideration of lies on the table: the receut message of the president on the claims of “Whereas the encouragement of agriculture and Massachusetts for certain milita services rendered manufactures has ever been considered the best means during the late war,
of developing the resources of a nation, and of giving The committee were then discharged, agreeably to to its navigation and commerce support, extension, the motion of Mr. H.
activity, and duration: and whereas opening roads, Thursday, March 3. Very little business was done and connecting, by canais, lakes, bays, and rivers, to-day, excepting the signing of bills, and receiving objects of primary importance to every enlightened
for purposes of intercourse and trade, have also been Botices of the president's approbation thereof. Mr. Forsyth laid upon the table the following reso- the fertility of their soil, the variety of their climates,
government; and whereas the United States, when lution:
Resolved. That, while this house anxiously desires that the slave the diversity of their productions, aud the extent of trade should be universally denounced as piracy, and, as such, their waters, and water courses, are taken into view, should be detroud and punished under the law of nations, it com: will derive the greaiest advantages from a system jumenu with any foreign power, sy which all the merchant vessels of diciously formed, and carried into execution, with the United States would be expored to the inconveniences of any respect to internal improvements; and whereas noregulation of search, from which ang merchant vesseis of that thing can tend to generate and perpetuate the affecLotrigo power would be exempted.
tion of the citizers for their country, so much as the The resolution lies on the table. Afr. Forsyth also offered the following:
attention of the government ibereof to whatever rcReselvedl, That the purchase of land from the Indian occupy:
lates to their different interests, all wisich receiving, sig in die state of Geurgia, is a peaccable extinguishruent of their respectively, their portion of this soliciisle and care
of the government, and flourishing under its opera- ever it should appear to be the sentiment of the tion, will increase the strength of this union, give to house that it ought to be adopted. it stability and security, and, hy diffusing knowledge, Soon after this, the house adjourned, sine die.' remove prejudices as to subjects, the importance of POn the adjournment, the "National Intelliwhich, to be politically and rightly understood, should gencer” remarks—The term of the eighteenth conbe fully understood: therefore,
gress ceased yesterday, and that of the nineteenth "Resolverl
, That a department, to be denominated commences this day. The close of the session was the home department, should be established, for the characterized by harmony and good feeling. purpose of superintending whatever may relate to A few remnants of the later proceedings of conthe interests of agriculture and manufactures, the pro- gress will be found in the preceding columns. To tho motion of the progress of science and the arts, the incredit of this congress, it may be said, that, in the tercourse and trade between the several states by house of representatives, every report favorable to roads and canals, and all other subjects and matters private petitioners was acted upon, and that the senate, appertaining to the cognizance of such department." although sitting for the purpose, the night before last,
Mr. Floud required the question of consideration on till near three o'clock, passed upon every bill before the resolution, with a view to stamp it at once with it. Many of the bills, it was true, were laid upon the the disapprobation of the house.
table, and thus lost, on the last night of the session; The question being taken on considering this resolve, but it was because of the physical impossibility of it was decided in the negative.
giving to them, at that period of the session, such Mr. Tucker, of Va. called for the consideration of consideration as was due to the principles involved the resolve yesterday submitted by him, looking to in them. the colonization of the free people of color beyond And the “National Journal" observes-- The eighthe Rocky Mountains; which motion the house resus-teenth congress ranks high in regard to the moral ed now to consider.
and intellectual standing of its members. It has been Nr. Webster said, that, as the attention of the house adorned with the talents of Clay, Webster, the two scemed not occupied for the moment, he would take Barbours, Tazewell, McLane, šievenson, McDuffie. the opportunity of making a remark on a subject, in Randolph, Storrs, cum multis aliis. The speeches of relation to which he had, at the last session, created these men, on great legal and political questions, some expectation in the house, and perhaps in the would reflect honor on the orators, legislators and country: he meant the question of a general bankrupt | philosophers of any age or country. It cannot, there. law. İlis relation to the house, as a member of the fore, be matter of surprise, if, when all this suplight committee on the judiciary, had occasioned sundry of talent is suddenly removed from us, we should resolutions upon that subject, and divers petitions to look with regret on the dark and cloudy chasm which be brought to his attention. It would be remember it bas left behind for us to gaze upon. ed, that a majority of the committee at the last session In closing the session, it will be seen that Mr. Clas had reported against the expediency of a general sys- has taken his final leave of the house of representatem of bankruptcy. Differing from the comunittee in tives. For about fourteen years, with but few interthat opinion, he had significd an attention of obtaining, vals, he has filled the chair, with a dignity and corit ho might, an expression of the opinion of the house rectness which could not be surpassed. In no one upon it, so soon as a matter, intimately connected with instance, has his decision as speaker been reversed the question then pending, and still pending, before by the house. His example will be a brilliant and The supreme court, should be decided. It was well sure guide to his successors in that elevated situation: known that the state insolvent laws, so far as they ap- and it will be a subject of sincere congratulation to plied to contracts entered into before the enactment the house, is those, who may come after him, should be of those laws, had been declared inoperative upon able to approach him, in his perfect knowledge of all those contracts. The more general question remain the rules and forms of the house, coupled with his ed to be decided, viz: whether such laws can consti- efficient mode of giving to them due and competent tutionally impair the validity of any contracts, whe-effect. ther precedent or subsequent. When he called the attention of the house to this subject at the close of the last session, it was expected that an earlier day Friday, March 4. Ata special meeting of the senate would be fixed for the assembling of the court this of the United States, called by written notice from sear; and that, in consequence of such arrangement, the president of the United States, held at the senate The decision of this question might be had in sca- chamber of the capitolson for the house to act on the subject, with a full At about half past ten o'clock, the senate was calknowledge of what the exigency required at the pre- led to order. sent session. That arrangement, however, was not Mr. Mills, of Massachusetts, rose and said, that the carried into effect. The bill to execute it passed rice president, (Mr. Calhoun), being present, he proposthis house, but did not get through the senate, and, up ed that Mr. Jackson, of Tennessee, being the oldest to this moment, he had not learned that that tribunal senator now present, should administer to bim the had pronounced its judgment in the case. He thought oath of office. that decision would naturally be thought important This being assented toto enlighten useful and practical legislation; although, The oath of olice was accordingly administered to for one, he was not of opinion that its decision, either the vice president by the general; after which ceremoway, would remove the necessity of establishing a ny, he took the chair as president of the senate. А general system. He remained fully of opinion that, short time afterwards, he rose and addressed the sein a country so commercial, with so many states, hav- nate as follows: ing almost every degree and every kind of connection Gentlemen of the senale: and intercourse among their citizens, true policy and I feel deeply the responsibility of the station, to just views of public utility required that so important which, as the presiding officer of this body, I have a branch of commercial regulation as bankruptcy, , been called by the voice of my fellow citizens. ought to be uniform throughout all the states; and, To no other branch of the government has the conof course, that it ought to be established under the stitution assigned powers more various or importaut authority of this government. For his part, entertain than to the senate. Without intending to cxamine ing this opinion, he should be disposed to give an either their extent or character, 1 may be permitted earnest atiention to the measure, and devote any por- to remark, that, while the other branches are confir. tion of time and of labor to its preparation, whened, with fewesreptioos, to what may be considers!
IN TIIE SENATE.