« ПретходнаНастави »
eventual surrender and abandonment, could produce an extra session should be called. Now that you are that effect. The object of the government of Geor-assembled, and in progress upon public affairs of gia in procuring the consent, was not to settle the deepest interest, it is attempted most unexpectedly to country one day sooner than the provisions of the cross and embarrass you; but the legislature is not to treaty would authorize; but, in surveying the country, I be frightened from its duty by an angry look. I invite to save the time consumed in that operation, to cso you to proceed, therefore, in the course which you tend its laws over it, and to settle it immediately on have taken, and, keeping strictly on the side of right, the departure of the Indians; and this was of the doro and within the pale of the constitution and the laws, importance, because the government was to expect you will, under the most adverse circumstances, find in a short time the arrival of their civil engineer, and the most cheering consolations. You cannot thus as that was to be the field of his first and most interest- proceed withoul the countenance and support of your ing operations, it was necessary to place him there constituents, and I doubt not they will be readily yieldunder the guardianship and safety of our own laws. ed. If it be possible, which I do not permit myself to But so it happens, that this act of survey, in which believe, that a certain person, filling a certain station, na body before ever saw harm or cause of offence, is stands in the way of the peace and harmony which suddenly magnified into an evil prolific of all other ought ever to subsist between this and the general evils, and this merely because the government of the governinent, and on this account valuable interests United States is so informed by its agent--that agent are endangered, that person will relire instantly, and who stands conspicuously charged as the prime mo- with much more pleasure than he ever occupied that ver and instigator of them all who opposed the treaty station.
G. M, TROUP. from the beginning-protested against it to the last, foretold the mischiefs which were to come of it, and
No. 1 is yet the confidential, trusty and impartial witness, upon whose dictum the United States' government Correspondence Octween the special agent of die Unile accuses the executive government of Georgia. The States and gov. Troup, a Milledgeville. exocutive of Georgia will not retort the accusation
Milledgeville, Geo. May 31, 1825. it will not say that the government of the United Sın: I have the honor to send you herewith, deStates is responsible, in the sight of heaven and of the spatches from the secretary of war for your excelworld, for the crimes, (if any), committed by the lency, received by me on the 20th instant, at Washagent-because the government of Georgia is not in ington. the practice of thus treating the government of the I presume you will be informed, by the despatches United States—but it must be permitted to say, dis- now handed to you, that I have been appointed, by the tinctly, that, upon the naked information and advice president of the United States, to examine into certain of the agent, the government of the United States has implied charges against col. Crowell, the Indian agent, suffered itself so far to enter into the views, and to contained in your excellency's letter to the president, adopt the feelings of the agent in relation to the late of the - instant, as well as others of a direct and erents connected with the treaty, as to have given al- specific character, made by Chilly McIntosh and other ready expositions to two of its important articles, most chiess of the Creek nation, at Washington. To enable palpably erroneous, and unwarranted by the letter or me to perform this delicate and responsible trust with spirit of either. The one is, of that article which effect, I have the honor to requesi that you will be cedes absolutely the territory, and, therefore, of pleased to furnish me with any charges and specifica. course, cedes the jurisdiction—the other, of that tions which you may bave to make against the officer which stipulates the payment of money to the Indians. referred to, accompained by any ovidence in your exof the first, enough has been said for a message; of the cellency's possession relating thereto, or references socond, it is sufficient to say, that the United States' to the sources whence such evidence may be derived. fovernment has given such a construction to this ar Having also instructions to lose no tine in an er ticlo, that the hostile Iudians, those which remain, as fort to restore the Creek Indians to a state of tranwell as those which remove, will share equally with quility, (the president having, in the mean time, as the friendly Indians, the money stipulated to be paid your excellency has been informed, takep prompt and by it. The money is not given in consideration of energetic measures to provide against every event or the lands—the consideration of them is other lands, omergency), and knowing the great anxiety of the acre for acre, in fee simple--the money is given ex president of the United States and of the secretary of pressly for improvements abandoned, losses suffered war, to consult the wishes of the people of Georgia by removal, and to defray the expenses of removal. and of your excellency, in relation to the unfortunate That portion of the tribe which will not remove, is to disturbances in the Creek nation, I have the honor to share it with that which does remove. This, to be request, also, that you will be pleased to favor me sure, is no concern of ours--but you will see, by the with any information or suggestions which may enable letter of general Chilly MeIntosh, that, if this con- me to fulfil, if possible, the object of my visit; assur. struction is persisted in, the consequences may be ing you, at the same time, that they shall receire all of the most deplorable character--a gross breach of that respect and attention, to which, coming from so treaty on the one side, a consequent refusal to comply high a source, they will be so justly entitled. on the other. Power enough on the one, to enforce Should your charges against the agent, (or any incompliance-on the other, weakness, innocence, formation which you may be pleased to possess me wretchedness and wocs innumerable.
of), demand it, I have to inform you that I shall exPormit me to add, that there is something strange ercise a discretionary power vestod in me, (unless the and inexplicable in this conduot of the general gover- excitoment among the Indians forbid it), by suspendment to the chief magistrate of Georgia. On the 31st) ing the agent from all his fupotions, until the further day of March last, my application to the Indians for pleasure of the president be expressed. It will, howpermission to survey the country, and my intention, if ever, le evident to your excellency, that I should not that application succeeded, to convene the legislature, stand justified in pursuing so decided a course, ou were made known to the president. Although one btght grounds, towards a gentleman who has hereto communication at least was subsequently received rore enjoyed the fuil confidence of the government. from the war departmeni, isot one word was said in The known high sense of justice of your excellcony objection to the survey. If any bad been made, will be satisfied too, should such a report appear newould liave discussed it calmly and temperately; and cessary, it would be due to colonel Crowell to place 11, in the result, I had found myself in the wrong, it him, immediately, in possession of the charges made yould have been a question whether for other objects ai:st him, that he may be enabled to delead him
self before his goveroment, with as little delay as pos- necessary; to march, also, such portions of the regu» sible.
lar force as may be convenient to the scene of operaWith the highest respect, I have the honor to be, tions, and to take command of the whole. By his inyour excellency's most obedient servant,
structions, he will be ordered to repel any hostile at T. P. ANDREWS, special ageni. tempt that may be made by the Indians on the people Ilis er. Geo. M. Troup, governor of Georgia,
of Georgia, and to chastise them by measures of rea Milledgeville, Geo.
taliation for such attempt, till their sufferinge and
submission shall entitle them to clergency. If their EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
violence has been limited to their own tribe, the Milledgeville, 31st May, 1823. course to be pursued is not without its embarrassa Sir: Immcdiatcly on the receipt of your communi- ments. The government of the United States, since cation of this date, I proceeded, in compliance with its establishment, has, in no case, it is confidently be the wishes of the general government, to charge the lieved, forcibly interposed in the intestine feuds of agent superintending the affairs of the Creek Indians, the Indians. They have limited their interference to with
good offices and friendly advice. To depart from. ist. Predetermined resolution to prevent the India this policy, strengthened by time and the approbation ans, by all the means in his power, from making any of the American people, involves a high and delicate cession of their lands in favor of the Georgians, and responsibility. On the other hand, to surrender the this from the most unworthy and most unjustifiable of Indians, friendly to the views of the United States, to all motives.
the unrestrained ferocity of the hostile party, is too 2dly. With advising and instigating in chief the shocking to humanity to permit. Amid these opposa death of McIntosh and his friends.
ing difficulties, the general is instructed to enter the You are referred to the documents connected with territory of the Creeks, and extend protection to the my late message to the legislature, and to the testi- friendly party, but not commit hostilities on the Inmony disclosed and to be disclosed, before the com- dians, unless provoked thereto by acts, on their part, mittee charged with the investigation of the subject which may justisy such hostilities. A special mega to which they relate, and which are submitted to you. senger will be despatched to Milledgeville, on Friday, Respectfully, your obedient servant,
at farthest, with general Gaines' instructions.
G. M. TROUP. The president, not yet being informed of the meae To major Andrews,
sures adopted by your excellency, cannot, at this Special agent of the U. S. Milledgeville. time, take any step thereon. Your promised com
munication will relieve him from this difficulty, and No. 2.
immediately on its arrival will receive his prompt Correspondence will the secretary of war. attention.
DEPARTMENT OF WAR, May 18, 1825. I am instructed to say to your excellency, that the Sir: In answer to your several letters received at the president espects, from what has passed, as well this department on the 15th and 17th inst. I am in- as from the now state of feeling among the Indians, structed by the president to express his deep regret that the project of surveying their territory will be at the deaths of general McIntoshi and the other Creek abandoned by Georgia, till it can be done consistently chiefs, and the shocking circumstances with which with the provisions of the treaty. they wert attended. While your excellency is un From ihe charges made by your excellency, and derstood to ascribe the cause of these events to the the deputation here, against the agent, major Ancriminal conduct of the agent, he, by despatches re- drews, possessing, from his high character, the full ceived some few days past, states to this department confidence of the executive, has been deputed to the that your purpose of entering upon and surveying agency to inquire into these charges and to adopt the their territory, as made known by your proclama- course, in reference to the agent, which he may deem tion, had produced in the chiefs, who received it best calculated to promote the public service. when assembled in general council, for the purpose Major Andrews is the bearer of the despatches lo of receiving their annuity, feelings of melancholy and general Gaines, and as he will pass through Milledge great distress. Exceptions to your measures were ville, if you have any facts calculated to criminate then taken by them: they declared their assent had the agent, an opportunity will be surnished your exnever been given, and that it had not been asked.-cellency to communicate them. Those exceptions were communicated by the agent I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, in the letter above referred to, together with the re
JAMES BARBOUR, quest of the chiefs that the government would inter- His er. G. M. Troup, goo. of Georgia, Milledgevillepose its authority, and put a stop to the contemplated survey.
ExecuTIVE DEPARTMENT, Whatever cause may have produced the disturban
Milledgeville, June 3d, 1825. ces and bloodshed which followed so soon upon the Sir: I have received, by major Andrews, your let. breaking up of that council, has now become a matter ter of the 18th ultimo. The dispositions manifested of very surbordinate consideration, compared with by your government to do right in all the matters conthe means necessary to be adopted to prevent their nected with the subject of my late communication, are jepetition. Remote from the theatre of action, with only in accordance with my just expectations. I am but little information, and that uncertain, (sor we happy that, in the general, the measures deemed have not a word from the agent), as to the extent of best appear to be appropriate and judicious. Pardon the designs of the Indians, or the scale on which their me for making an exception. In searching the aroperations will be conducted, the president has deem-chives of your office, you will find, at divers times, ed it advisable, and has ordered accordingly, general and on various occasions, representations made 02 Gaines, distinguished alike for his military skill and the conduct of the agent, all or any of which should for his discretion, now in Georgia, lo repair forth- have disqualified him as a competent witness against with to Milledgeville, for the purposc of consulting the government of the state of Georgia. On the rewith your escellency on the measures proper to be cent one of the ratification of the treaty of the Indian adopted in reference to the actual pasture of affairs Springs, yourselves pronounced upon in» incompeon his arrival. To hiin a discretion has been given, tency in terms not to be mistaken. The agent proif in his judgment the occasion requires it, to call on tested against the treaty; the president submited it to you for such portion of the mihtia of Georgia, to be the sunate, and the scoaic ratified it in contempt of placed in the scrvice of the United States, as he think the protestas... If a single frearat,"90€ HT 23%!
had been accredited, the president would not have sub- as I entered upon the duties of this office, it was mitted it; the senate would not have ratified it. The known to me that he had come to the resolution to last of your prominent acts, therefore, in relation to prevent the Indians from ceding any lands to Georgia, this individual, places him in an attitude before your so long as I continued in it; a resolution so ungenerselves, which should have decided you to listen with ous and unworthy of any officer, in any station, that great caution and reserve, to any suggestions of his, I determined to employ all honorable means to effect connected with any subject whatsoever. Whilst, on his removal as absolutely necessary to the prosperity the one hand, he presents himself before you as an of the state. You ought to have removed him long accuser of the chief of the government of Georgia, ago, and thus have spared us all the evils which have and the accusation is neither more or less than the followed your omission. measures taken on his part have been the only existing Be pleased to present my respectful compliments causes to the mischiefs and crimes perpetrated in the to the president, and assure him of my good wishes nation; and you, on the other hand, so far sustain him and regard. The frankness with which it is my duty in this position, as not only to receive it willingly, and to communicate with him, can have no tendency to to specify it distinctly, but to make it the basis of a weakeu them on my part, or to excite distrust of their mosi erroneous construction of the treaty; and in sincerity on his. Even upon the subject of intensest consequence of that construction, to address to me a interest to us, upon which the opinions of the presimost extraordinary request of the president, affecting dent are known, many allowances are made for the important interests here, I must pray yon to excuse immeasurable distance which separates us. In treatme, when I say to you in answer, that I do not feel my-i ing it, I have used strong language, but he will not on self treated in a very kindly or very generous spirit; this account believe that I make light of the union. and that, if treated in the most kindly and most gene- I would offer up my life with pleasure to sustain it rous, such an expectation would be pronounced at for a single day. The fearful consequences, cononce as anreasonable on your part, and certainly not stantly in sight, keep us in a state of agitation and to be fulfilled on ours. Is it possible that the presi- alarm. I strive to stave them off; and it is for this, dent could have consulted the Indian treaty, and com- that language is employed, sickening to the heart and pared its provisions with those of the articles of agree- most offensive to a vast portion of the common family. inent and cession, and at the same time have indulg Who can help it when they see wise men engaged in ed this expectation? Without troubling you with a playfulness and pastime like this, indulging their the argument, permit me to state the fact. By the whims and oddities and phantasies, and causing this treaty of the Indian Springs, the Indian claims are union to tremble upon a bauble? extinguished forever. The article is worded in the
With regard to the expenses attendant on our meapresent tense. On the instant of the ratification, the sures of defence, of which you are instructed to say titie and jurisdiction became absolute in Georgia, nothing unt those measures are submitted to you without any manner of exception or qualification, save in detail, I have to congratulate you and myself that the single one which, by the eighth article, gives to the they will be so inconsiderable in amount as not to United States the power to protoct the Indians in their cause much trouble or anxiety to either of us. Whilst persons and effects, against assaults upon either, by I took the precautionary measures to make safe the whites or Indians. For this purpose, your powers women and children upon the frontiers, I rememberare quite ample, and, in proceeding to the survey of ed very well that we had been pleading at your treathe country, you will only find aids and guarantees sury for thirty years for similar expenses incurred on the part of this government for the faithful exe- in defending ourselves against the same Indians. ! cution of the article. Beyond this you cannot pass. feel much more anxiety about the expenses which Soil and jurisdiction go together, and if we have not may be incurred by the friendly ones, who bave the right of both at this moment, we can never have sought refuge withiy our settlements, which they are either by better title. If the absolute property and quite willing to defray from their own scanty means, the absolute jurisdiction have not passed to us, when but which justice and humanity require you to deare they to come? Will you make a formal conces- fray for them. sion of the latter--when and how? If the jurisdiction With great consideration and regard, be separated from the property, show the reservation
G. M. TROUP. which separates it-'tis impossible. You have the The hon. James Barbour, secrelary of war, same remnant of it in this case, as you bave by con
Washington City. stitution and treaty in all similar cases, where treaties having guaranteed the rights and privileges of aliens;
No. 3. those rights and privileges find their protection under Correspondence between the deputation from the friendly the supreme law of the United States, within the ju Creeks and the secretary of war, al Washington. risdiction of the several states. If the president be
WASHINGTON, May 17th, 1825. lieves that we will postpone the survey of the coun Sir: A hostile party of Indians, instigated by some try to gratify the agent and the hostile Indians, he de-enemy of my father, general McIntosh, on the 30th ceives himself. To these poor dcluded men who have of April last, attacked his house and murdered him been hostile in peace, and hostile in war, and the op- and another chief of the Creek nation, Etome Tusponents of the treaty, Georgia could make no appeal. tunnuggee. I'rom McIntosh and his friends, who made the treaty, This calamity has fallen upon the family of gener we songht permission to make the survey, and ob- rol McIntosh, from his being the steady friend of the tained it. Scrupulously regardful of the stipulation United States and of the civilization of his countryof the treaty, we asked them, in substance, if the sur-men. His confidence in the American government, his rey would, in any manner, interfere with their con- compliance with its wishes, and his support of its povenience or security, and they answered, No-a rea- licy and measures for civilizing the Indians and imdyansver, because the survey would in fact contri- proving their condition, gave his enemies the prebuite importan:ly to both.
tences iuder which they have excited those hostile The frequent recurrence to the conduct of the feelings to which he has fallen a sacrifice. agent may induce a belief that the influencing mo His family and friends look with confidence to the lives here are imp:!re or tainted with prejudice--it justice of the United States gorernment for protecis not so. As an individual, no angry irclings have iion against further hostility, for a just revenge on been indulged toward him, or any harm desired as the ringleaders in this murder; and for the punisha public officer, the most indignant sentiments have ment of those by whom it was instigated. vecanbeco awakened from the beginning, because, as soon not believe that the president will disappoint their
just expectations. If the friends of the United States If our father, the president, docs not protect his are not protected, it will be thought safest and most red children, we shall be oppressed, and many of us advantageous to be their enemy: This opinion the will be killed. We hope he will not deny us his progovernment is 100 wise and too just to encourage. tection, as promised by the commissioners. We have
The party which attacked my father's house killed trusted his promise, and think he will not deceive us his cattle, and, as far as they could, destroyed all his
Chilly McIntosh, property. The United States government, which has
Intullasky McIntosh, his xmark. received so much benefit from the faithful services
Ben Daulawza, his x mark. of general McIntosh, will not, I trust, refuse to in
Jim Daulawza, bis x mark. demnify his family for the destruction of their property, when the occasion of its being destroyed is
WASHINGTON, May 17, 1825. remembered.
Sır: We beg leave to state that the authorized I beg the favor of you, sir, to inform me how I shall agent of the United States for the Creek nation, col. proceed to obtain a remuneration for the pecuniary John Crowell, is not trusted by us; and we do not foss tbat has accompanied a much more afflicting in think ourselves safe in his hands. jury; an injury which can never be repaired, and Col. Crowell has always been opposed to general will be very inadequately atoned for by the punish- McIntosh since 1923, when he tried to have him broke ment of those who perpetrated or promoted this mur- as a chief of the Creek nation, and threatened to dederous outrage.
stroy his property. He was offended at gen. McIntosh I am, sir, respectfully, your ob't serv't, for refusing to give up a man named Stinson, without (Signed)
CHILLY MCINTOSH. an order from the head chiefs of the nation. StinTo the hon. James Bærbour, secretary of war.
son was afterwards delivered into the agent's custody, DEPARTMENT OF WAR, 17th May, 1923. and tried for selling goods in the nation without a Friend and brother: I have received your letter of license, of which he was acquitted by the federal this date, communicating the distressing intelligence court in Georgia. Col. Crowell was further incensed of the death of your father, and two other chiefs, and against general McIntosh, for interfering 'phen Crowthe destruction of your father's property. The pre- ell drew a knife and threatened to cut the throat of sident deeply sympathizes in the misfortunes of your a man named Cells, who had been adopted by the family, and directs me to say in reply to your request Creek nation. for protection, and for remuneration for the losses Col. Crowell was opposed to the treaty at the Indian they have sustained in the destruction of your father's Springs, and tried to prevent the Creeks from selling property, that measures are taken, which it is hoped their lands to the United States. He sent William will secure the first, and the second will be recon- | Hanbly, United States interpreter, to the council, to mended to the favorable consideration of congress. say that he wanted to see the chiefs, but was jealous The measures which are adopted, it is hoped, will of the commissioners. He told them that they should eventuate in the establishment of peace and the fu- not give any long answer to the commissioners, but ture harmony and prosperity of your people. only say "they had no lands to sell.” That the comI am, respectfullg, your friend and brother, missioners would threaten, but their threats would all
JAMES BARBOUR. end in words, as soon as they heard from the governTo Chilly McIntosh.
ment. Even after the treaty was freely agreed to, he
did not cease his opposition. He sent a message by WASHINGTON, May 17, 1825. William Hambly, the interpreter, to tell some of the Sir: We have come to request our father, the pre- Indians that they should go away across the line that sident, to protect us against a hostile party of Indians, night, or they would be iaken and shut up until they as was promised by the commissioners at the treaty signed the treaty. This party went off in the night of the Indian Springs, when we ceded the lands to the as they were told. The next morniog three men United States.
were sent after them to know why they had gone The commissioners gave us a good talk from our away; they told these men the message they had rcfather the president. They told us that you were ceived from col. Crowell, which was the reason of bound by the compact of 1802, to procure our lands their going. One of these messengers, Ben Daulawza, for the state of Georgia. We listened to the talk of is now in Washington. our father, and did all he desired. We made a fair After col. Crowell returned from Washington, a treaty for the sale of our lands; which publicly pas- council of the nation was called; when the broken sed the senate, and was ratified by our father the pre-hour was out, Chilly McIntosh and several of the dent.
friends of general McIntosh attended. They called Since then a hostile party has attacked the housc of on col. Crowell for rations, which were refused to the our father, gen. Mclniosh, and killed him and Etome friends of general Mclotosh, but were furnished by Tustunnuggee.
col. Crowell to all others. Within eight days after The commissioners told us that you would protect this council, a hostilc party attacked the house of us against any attempt to injure us; and also, that you gen. McIntosh, and killed him and Etome Tustunnugwould send a garrison to Chaitahoochie river to pre- gec. vent any encroachment on our lands, before we re Col. Ilawkins and general Mitchell were equaland moved west of the Mississippi. This never was done, kind to all the Creek nation, and favored its civilizaand we did not ask for it, because it was not thought, tion. Since col. Crowell bas been agent, he has beça necessary. Now we reed assistance, and claim a good only for his friends and favorites, and to effect performance of your promise.
his own purposes. We ask to have revenge for our blood, spilt by a Now, sir, we ben our father, the president, to send hostile party of Indians; and that the murder of our an event who will be a friend to all the nation cqualfather, general McIntosh, and En Tustunnugge, ly; and one in whose hands we can feel safe to go may be investigated, aud the ring.eaders punished. west of the Mississippi. If col. Crowell is continued
Without your assistanse, we cannot setila our dis agent, we sear that the friends of general McIntosh putes. We ask you to investigate them, and io aid in will be sacrificed. removing our difficulties.
Chilly NcIntosh, We now look for your protection, as it was promis
Intullasky Mcintosh, his s mark ed by the commissioners. Withont it we cannot pre
Ben Daulawza, lis x mark. pare to go west of the Mississippi. About one thou
Jim Daulawza, his x mark. sand troops will be necessary.
To the hon. Jums Barbour, secretary at war.
WASHINGTON, May 17, 1825. Died, at Philadelphia, on the Sth inst. Thomas Leiper, Falher: We beg to know from you whether colonel esq. in the 90th year of his age-a venerable relict of Crowell received the money for the annuity for 1825, the revolution, and one of the most useful and patristipulated to be paid to the Creek nation by the treaty otic citizens of that place. of the Mineral Springs, in 1821.
-, in Hanover, Virginia, on the 22nd ult. capColonel Crowell, at Broken Arrow, informed the tain James McDowell
, in his 69th year, an esteemed council that he had made an arrangement with the officer in the revolution. He was exceedingly anxigovernment of the United States, that every indivi- ous to witness one more anniversary of his country's dualin the nation should reccive an equal share oĉ the independence. money which was to be paid under the late treaty. If New York. Several“cargoes of Philadelpbians"he did make this arrangement, the party of us going from 3 to 400 in number, were landed at New York, to the western country will not get enough to pay our from the steam boats, on the 2nd and 3rd of Julyexpenses. If col. Crowell did make this arrange- and a large number of the citizens of New York ar. ment with you, not one would go to the western coun- rived at Philadelphia, on the same days, to spend the try; because they have no money to bear their ex- 4th of July there. penses, and none to pay for their improvements. Ballooning. A. Mr. Robertson, son of professor
We beg also to know if the United States will not Robertson, of Paris, ascended in a balloon from Caspay our expenses here, on the business which has tle Garden, New-York, on Saturday evening last, in brought us to Washington. It is business in which the presence of gen. Lafayette and a vast concourse the United States is concerned equally with the Creek of people. As he, seemingly, just skimnied over the pation.
city, the spectacle was very interesting; after which We beg to be informed to-day what will be done by the balloon rose to a great heighl, and, in a few miour father, the president, because we are to leave nutes, looked like a small black spot. He descended Washington to-morrow.
safely on Long Island, about 11 miles from the GarChilly McIntosh,
den, to which he returned to shew hintself to the peoIntullaskey McIntosh, hiss mark. ple, yet waiting to receive him, Ben Daulawza, his x mark.
Merchandise is now imported direct to Buffalo from Jim Daulawza, his x mark. Liverpool, Birmingham and Shetfield. To the hon. James Barbour, secretary of war.
The safety barge, Lady Clinton, arrived at New York
from Albany, in seventeen hours and forty minutes, DEPARTMENT OF war, May 17th, 1825. with a full complement of passengers. (It was meaFriends and brothers: I have received your letter of tioned in our last, that the passage occupied about this date, and am directed by the president to convey twenty hours.) to you his deep regret at the rupture of the friendly Fatal duel. At New-Orleans, lately, a rencontre took ties which have heretofore bound you together as a place between two Choctaw chiefs, at the basin Conation, and at the calamity which has befallen you rondelet; one was killed; the other retired with some in the death of general Mcintosh and two other chiefs. men of his nation, that he might be shot by them, General McIntosh was known as the steady friend of agreeably to the usages of their nation, which rethe United States and of civilization; and his death is quires that the survivor be buried in the same grave very sensibly felt as a great loss. I am directed to with the person he has killed. state further, that measures have been taken by the Burning of an ice house! --At an early hour on the president, which it is hoped will quict the distur- sth instant, the extensive ice-house of Mr. Wm. Lee, bances which exist among your people, and secure in Philadelphia, was destroyed by fire. It was a lot them from future violence.
frame building, more than a hundred feet long, and The charges you make against the agent will be contained a great quantity of ice. The straw used to examined into, ás will the subject of the recent cala- cover the ico, took fire accidentally from the fause mity, generally. Such measures will be taken as of a candle. may seem best calculated to reconcile existing dif A panther lately attacked a little girl, 12 or 13 years ferences, and to punish such as may appear to have old, in Jackson county, Tennessee. The furious aniacted in promoting them, and, as it may be within the mal was first assailed by a small dog, which only diprovince of the government to punish. Your es-verted his attention from the girl for a few moments, penses, in coming to Washington, on this mclancholy when another larger dog came up and made battle occasion, will be paid, on your presenting an approve with him, during which two men arrived and rescued ed estimate of them; and your request to havo an agent the gallant dog and killed the panther. It is very to accompany you, in search of a country for your seldom that this animal attacks a human being. future residence, is granted.
Extraordinary animal. The bones of an animal of I am, respectfully, your friend and brother, an immense size, and which apparently belong to
JAMES BARBOUR. some unknown species, were exhibiting at New OrChilly McIntosh,
leans. They were found on a small bayou leading Intuilaskey McIntosh, Ben Daulavza, Creek deputation.
from the Mississippi, about 20 miles below Fort St.
Philip, and immediately on the sea shore. The folJim Daulawza,
lowing is the only description given. A horo, 18 feet long, and weighing about 1,000 lbs; a branch of a
horn, 9 feet long, weighing 150 lbs; 7 joints of the CHRONICLE.
back bone; 1 joint of the tail; 2 joints of the leg. Mr. Rush, secretary of the treasury, and his family, New York, July 11. On Saturday morning, the have arrived at New York, in the ship York, from Lon workmen engaged in digging a vault for a new house, don.
at the corner of Fayette-street and Chatham-square, Heat. On Sunday, Monday and Tuesday last, the discovered, at the depth of 10 or 12 feet from the surthermometer, in what seemed to be comparatively face, a closed arched vault of brick work, which on cool places, stood at 94 and 95° of Fahrenheit. being opened was found to contain an iron chest, with
Florida. Col. Joseph M. White has been elected a considerable sum of money in gold and silver. We a delegate in congress from this territory. The have not ascertained the amount-reports state from votes were, for col. White, 742; col. Gadsden 460; 30, to 50,000 dollars. The building which had stood gen. Hernandez 362.
on this ground it is said, was about 50 years old.
PRINTED DT TILILLU OCDEN NILFS, AT TIE FRANKLIX Perss, "ATER-STREET, E.19T OPSOUTH-STAFET.