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of these cases can be rationally presumed; and the The banks in Boston, which do not issue notes bearargument on the extract would be at an end-but foring interest, are the Massachusetts, Boston, Union, the inference it authorizes, that the “rigut OF IN- New England and Manufacturers' and Mechanics'. STRUCTION" was contemplated, as the "absolute sare The Boston banks had, in June, 1825, cash deposited, guard," in the case of election of senators by the le- (including all sums whatever, due from the banks not gislatures; and which, it is probable, Mr. Hamilton bearing interest-bills in circulation, profits and bawould not, by any means, have conceded, in thc case lances due to other banks excepted), amounting to of election by the people.

$1,791,011 Mr. Mamilion has told us that, “it is certainly true, We find by'the official return for June, 1925, that the. that the state legislatures, by forbearing the appoint- Worcester bank, with a capital of $200,000, had specie ment of senators, might destroy the national govern in its vaults amounting to 71,037, being a greater ment.” But he well knows how to mark his points amount than any one of the Boston banks had, the and to limit his arguments to his purposes. For, if largest being the Union bank, which had $61,715. The he had gone but one thought farther, and had demon- Bebford Commercial bank had $63,738. strated, with another flourish of his pen, (which was the avand that converted almost every argument touch

By the oflicial bank returns for June, we find, in ed with it, by that great political magician, into what- many instances, it is impossible to judge of the true ever shape, or color, or substance, he pleased), as he state of the banks, they vary so much in the "total

amount due to the bank" and the total amount of the might easily have done, that there was a thoUSAND

resources of the bank.” We will instance a few as a TIMES MORE DANGER to the spational government," from the “RIGHT OF INSTRUCTION,'' than there was from specimen:

Total amount due Total amount of the right of election, by the legislatures--he, Mr. Ha

from the bank resources of the bank milton, would have defeated the object of his argu

Beverly, 64,457

163,207 ment, and would have been disappointed in the establish

Dedham, 253,376

221,436 ment, of " distinct orders” in the states. For instance

Newburyport,
82,166

292,166 let us suppose that an oppropriation is necessary to de

Oxford,
7,171

174,669 fray the expenses of the government--that the “fac

Pacific,
224,476

424,476 tious in the legislatures” combine; and that the sena

Plymouth, 44,576 tors are "instructed;"' the bill would be negatived and

144,163

Sunderland, 43,774 the national government destroyed! This, and many

94,399 Suffolk, 960,318

994,561 other equally fatal cases, might have been supposed

Taunton, 57,205 and demonstrated-but this would have been enough:

162,252

Worcester, 105,904 no lover of the union, no patriot, no rational man,

298,420 would have yiolded, for a moment, to the right of There are not twenty out of over forty, where the instruction, with the right of election, by the legisla- amount due from the bank agrees with the resources tures.

of the bank. I shall continue and conclude this subject in ano

Hampshire and Lynn Mechanics'appear not to have ther essay—and further demonstrate the fact, that I made any return. There are about fifty-five banks am, with great respect,

in Massachusetts, when all get into operation, as seA FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICAN.

veral were granted at the last legislature.

We will conclude this article, by stating the amount Banks of Massachusetts. of specie in the vaults of the Boston banks, at different

periods, since the year 1814, viz: FROM THE BOSTON GAZETTE. From the official returns of the banks, for January In 1914

$4,898,000 and June, 1925, we gather the following particulars, 1818

630,000 viz:

1819

541,000 1820

978,000 The whole amount of bank ca

1821

2,434,000 pital in this state $14,535,000 13,300,000 1822

937,000 Bills in circulation of the seve

1823

522,144 ral banks 4,091,381 5,766,584 1824

604,534 The total amount of specie in

1825, January,

855,174 the several banks 1,038,966 1,360,856 1825, June,

527,782 Capital stock of the Boston

It will be perceived that the Boston banks have not banks

10,300,000 10,050,000 so much in their vaults now, as they had in January Bills in circulation of the Bos

last, by the amount of $327,392! ton banks

1,919,399 *3,333,787 Specie on hand

527,782 855,174

The Boston Courier gives the following from the Capital stock of the Salem

oflicial account of the specie in the banks of Boston: baoks 1,450,000 1,450,000

January, 1825. June, 1925. Bills in circulation 300,298 376,706 American,

66,528 10

32,509 37 specie op hand 72,964 70,750 Boston,

46,129 15 28,845 56 The capital stock of the banks out of Boston, in City,

110,110 92 14,782 96 June, 1825, amounted to

$4,235,000 Colombian,

22,761 79 26,767 17 They had bills in circulation, amounting to 2, 172,982 Commonwealth,

53,178 75

$8,630 93 They had specie in their vaults

511,184 Eagle,

26,664 65

27,448 26 All the above calculations are made in round sums, Globe,

20,119 3

38,381 93 to save the trouble or casting,

Man. and Mech.

34,342 65

48,881 95 The Boston banks had, in June. 1825, bills or notes Massachusetts,

81,585 17 56,511 30 in circulation, and cash deposited, bearing interest, New England,

73,403

34,384 $8 (we presume at about 4 per cent. per annum), amount. State,

110,785 20

57,757 94 $2,555,984 Suffolk,

105,911 92 57,748 18 Union,

103,360 45 61,715 23 *In the amount here cast, of bills in circulation, is Washington,

(new bank), 10,924 10 included the notes of the banks drawing interest at 4 and 44 per cent.

855,174 82 527,789 79

JUNE.

JAN.

4

ng to

MAINE BANKS.

soon as those documents are receired. You wilac

1824, Jan 1825. June 1825cordingly turn over the agency to the sub-agent, capa Amount of capi'al stock, actually

tain Triplett. paid in by 16 hanks

1,600,000 1,703,000 1,301,9 40 Pills in cireulation

1,050,603 1,172,197 1,08,113 In resorting to the discretionary power invested in. Amount of all other debts due from

me by the president, I feel it due to you to state frank the banks

15,459 3,873 9,004

ly, that this determination does not proceed from any Total amount of debts due to the banks exclusive of deposites in

present impression unfavorable to your innocence. other banks

2,372,634 2,575,576 2,662,462 I am not at liberty, in my present peculiar situation, Specie on hand

211,141 304,67,0 217,783 to form a settled opinion on the charges made against Deposites in other banks

28 2,500 351,225 Amount of debts due to the banks se.

you, until all the evidence to be collected from ever cured by a pledge of stock thertill 034,925 611,945 509,750 ry quarter has been received and carefully examinThe banks in Maine had deposited in

ed. But I feel it duo to you to say, that, so far as I am ihy Boston banks

268,570 333,564 377,839 There are 14 banks—no one of which made a divi- yor of your integrity and honor; I feel it due to you

at liberty to take up a present impression, it is in fadend of less than 3 per cent. for the last six months to make this statement, in consequence of the course --several 31, one 4, one4, and one 5. From the de

(which must be considered ap unjust one, if not op posites that they have kept up in Boston, it does not pressive), pursued towards you by the authorities of appear likely that the late run upon them, by the Bos-Georgia; my impressions too being chiefly grounded fon banks, was a very wise one.

on the ex parte testimony token against you.

Your suspension is made from courtesy to the allGeorgia—the Creeks, &c.

thorities of Georgia, who have repeatedly anıl ur

gently demanded it, on the ground that it would be TO THE PUBLIC.

impossible to elicit uobiaszed testimony in the Indian, The subjoined letter from major Andrews (United nation whilst you are in the exercise of youe suncstates' special agent), is presented to the public, to tions. It is done too from a desire to do away al! prevent exaggeration and misrepresentation. pretests which might otherwise hereafter be seized

It speaks for itsell. The reasons assigned for my on to destroy confidence in the results of the examinatemporary suspension from the office of agent, I trust, tion. The suspension will be withdrawo so soon as will be duly understood and appreciated. Indeed, the those examinations are concluded, should they reuntiring zeal manifested by gov. Troup in the accom- sult in cstablishing your innocence. plishment of his purpose, has rarely been equalled As the object of the general government in this and never surpassed;-it'stands without a parallel in examination is the establishment of truth, it could the annals of persecution. I ask the public and my not but give me pain as its agent to find, that, ia tak, friends, to suspend any opinion in relation to the ing testimony against you, all the usual prerogatives subject connected with this suspension, until I can were lost sight of by Georgia. You were peither have an opportunity of submitting my desence. Far "informed of the nature or cause of the accusation," from seeking any, advantage froni the locality of my or "confronted with witnesses" against you, nor had witnesses in the nation, and from my situation as you "compulsory process for obtaining witnesses's agent--unwilling to be suspected, even by the most in your favor! The evidence on which ile barshes! prejudiced, of being capable of using any influence opinions have been formed and expressed was not which my official station may be supposed to give only ex parte, but it has been spread before the public me--and anxious to disarm my accuser of the slight in the newspapers before you had been informed of est pretext for any insinuation of that character, if its character, or had an opportunity of making your I had not received maj. Andrew's letter suspending desence; and public opinion thereby forestalled, beine, during the time of taking the telimony, I should have fore the general government, under which you hold asked it. I assure my friends and the public, that your appointment, has had an opportunity of cs3the investigation will result in the establishment of mining the testimony of cither party. The course my innocence of the charges preferred against me by which you have determined to pursue, as made known gov. Troup; for, having every confidence in the jis- i to me in the copy of your letter, or the 20th, to the lice of the government of my country, and its ofi-commissioners appointed by the governor of Georvers appointed to conduct this investigation, and be- gia to take further evidence against you.-in inviting conscious of the correct intentions by which my ing them to be present at the examination of your oficial conduct has been influenced-although I voluntary witnessesmis of an opposite character. may for a season be subject to the inquisitorial pro- and cannot fail to strengthen the belief of your conceedings of the governor and legislature of Georgia, scious innocence. and may be compelled, in consequence thereof, to It is scarcely necessary to add, that, in the exalteil her the popular odium, yet I feel persuaded that in character of the president of the United States, and the enlightened judgment of my countrymen I may of the secretary of war, you have the surest guaransalely rely, and from its award I can liave nothing tee of a fair trial, and a just decision on it. to apprehend.

Vory respectfully, sir, your most obedient servant, I am, respectfully,

T. P. ANDREWS, special agenl. JOHN CROWELL. Col. John Crorcell, Creek agency, June 22.

The Milledgeville Journal contains the following

communication from gov. Troup, to maj. T. Andrews, Creck agency, Flint-river, June 21, 1923. special agent. S18-You have been advised of the measures

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, heretofore pursued by the president of the United

Milledgeville, 25th June, 1825. States and of the secretary of war, in relation to the Sir-I call your attention to a letter purporting to charges, specifio and implied, made against you as he yours, and addressed to the agent, in extenuation Indian agent. I have now to inform you that a sus of your conduct for the act of suspension, and pubpension from the exercise of your functions as Indian lished in a paper here of this morning, called the agent, (until all the testimony to be collected in the Patriot. Ir this letter be authentic, you will consiIndian nation has been obtained and examined), has der all intercourse between yourself and this gotoen decided on. Therewith send you a copy of the vernment suspended from the moment of the receipt evidence collected by a committee of the Georgia le of this.

G. M. TROUP istature. Copies of other documents promised me T. P. Indreres, esq. special agent, y the goscrnor of Georgia, shall be furnished you as

Creek agency

EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,

Third regiment of artillery. Milledgerille, June 28, 1825. Isť lieutenant Joseph P. Tảylor, to be captain 6th Sir: A paper of this morning, printed at this place, July, 1825, vice Stockton, resigned. contnining a letter purporting to be addressed by your 2d licutenant Clifton Wharton, to be Ist lieutenan's special agent to the agent for Indian affairs, in exte- 6th July, 1925, vice Taylor, promoted. riuation of his conduct in suspending him from his

Fourth regiment of artillery. functions, under your instructions, is forwarded for Ist lieutenant Jobo Monroe, to be captain 2d of the information of the president. If, in writing such March, 1925, vice Morris, deceased. a letter, the special agent has so acted as to find him Ist lieutenant Jac. Schmuck, to be captain 110 self within the letter or spirit of those instructions, it April, 1825, vice Bell, deceased. is obvious that the question, which he was charged to 2d licutenant E. R. Alberti, to be Ist lieutenant 20 investigate, had been prejudged at Washington, be- March, vice Munroe, promoted. fore his departure froin that city, and that, couse 2d licutenant W. W. Wells, to be Ist lieutenant; quendy, the government of Georgia can no longer, luth April, 1825, vice Schmuck, promoted. consistently with its own dignity, hold interconrse Brevet 2d lieutenant John M. Fessenden, of the 1st with that oficer, of which, as you will see by the artillery, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1824. enclosed letter, he has had due notice.

Brevet 20 licutenant W. P. Bainbridge, of the 3d Respectfully,

G. M. TROUP.

artillery, to be 2d lieutenani, Ist July, 1824. The hon, James Barbour, secretary al war.

Brevet 2d lieutenant Horatio A. Wilson. of the 2d

artillery, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July, 1824. (FROM THE GEORGIA JOURNAL.]

First regiment of infantry. «Asuury, June 29th, 1925, Brevet major David E. Twiggs, captain, to be major Genliemen: Having receiros information that the 14th May, 1825, vice Whartenby, deceased. communication I made you respecting the death of Ist lieutenant W. S. Harvey, to be captain 1413 gen. McIntosh, had hurt the minds of many of usy May, 1825, vice Twiggs, promoted. friends, because I asserted that his death was for the

2d lieutenant Jefferson Vaile, to be 1st licutenant breach of a law that he aided in making, you will 14th May, 1$ 25, vice llarney, promoted. plcase to give this a place in your paper, that the au 2d lieutenant Wm. M. Boyce, to be Ist lieutenant ikority I had for my assertion may be known. Dur- 30th June, 1825, vice Pierce, resigned. ing the selling of the council at Broken Arrow, last Brevet 2d lieutenant Timothy Page, of the 3d infanJuly, I was told by the United States interpreter, that try, to be 2d lieutenant, Ist July, 1821. a law making it death for any chief to consent to sell Brevet 2d lieutenant Electus Packus, of the 2d in land belonging to the nation, without the consent of fantry, to be 2d lieutenant, 1st July 18,24. the chiefs, was passed, or, as I am now informed, re

Fourth regimeill oj' infantry. newed. Shortly after, Chilly McIntosh, son of the Ist lieutenant Jeremiah Yancy, to be captain 31st of general, informed me in my house, where I now live, May, 1825, vice Duany, resigned. that there was such a law passed. After the appoint 2d lieutenant J. B. Tripleti, to be Ist lieutenant, ment of the treaty, which was held in December last, sist May, 1825, vice Yancy, promoted. in conversation with him, he then observed no lands Brevet 2d lieutenant 1. D. Newcomb, of the 20 ina would be sold in consequence (I understuod him) of fantry, lo be 3d lieutenant Ist July, 1824. the law. "The Little Prince spoke of it in my house

Sixth regiment of infantry. as the law of the nation. Some time last August there 1st lieutenant Jacob Brown, to be captain 7th of was a great ball play, (on the Sabbath day), in sight of April, 1925, vice Larrabee, resigned. the mission house; several hundred Indians were said 3d lieutenant David II. Vinton, to be 1st lieutenant to be present-before the meeting ended, general Mc 7th April, 18:25, vice Brown, promoted. Intosh got up in a carriage and proclaimed the law, Brevet 2d licutenant IV. W. Eaton, to be 28 lieumud that whoever broke it must suffer death. tenant Ist July, 1824. could have no doubt of the existence of the law,

Seventh regiment of infantry. Icng before the meeting of Pole Cat Springs, and that Brevet 2d lieutenani Dixon S. Miles, of thc 4th in ih ose ho were killed, were killed by order of the fantry to be 2d lieutenant, ist July, 1821. chiefs for a violation of that law. Yesterday I attended the council, convened to meet gen. Gaines Robert Archer, assistant surgeon to be surgeon 9th and maj. Andrews, sent by the president of the Unit of May, 1825. ed States. In answer to the general's inquiry, why Alfred W. Elwes, Md. to be agsistant surgeon 9th general McIntosia was put to death, the chief appoint-of May, 1925. ed to speak, informed him of the law proposed many Robert C. Wood, R. I. to be assistant surgeon 28th years ago by the general; that it was the law of the na- of May, 1825. tion; that liclotosh broke it, and that the chiefs order Lawrence Spraguo, Me. to be assistant surgcort ed him to be killed; he observed he understood the 22d of June, 1925. agent was charged with his death; he said the agent J. B. F. Russell, lieutenant 5th infantry, to be aswas innocent; he had nothing to do with it; that the sistant commissary of subsistence, 27th of May, 1595. chiess had it done for breaking the law.

Anthony Drane, lieutenant 5tb infantry, to boasI am, gentlemen, respectfully yours,

sistant eommissary of subsistence, sth of June, 1925. ISAAC SMITH. Hugh P. Welch, lieutenant Ist artillery, to be assis

tant commissary of subsistence, 13th of June, I $25.

Lewis T. Jamison, late lieutenant, to be 2d lieut Army of the United States.

enant 5th regiment of infantry, 1st of May, 1825. ADJUTAXT GENERAL'S OFFICE, David Brooks, lieutenant 2d infantry, to be assista

Washington, 1ith July, 1825. ant commissary of subsistence, sih July, 1825.
ORDERS:

H. I. Feltus, lieutenant Isi artillery, io be assistant The following promotions and appointments in the commissary of subsistence, Sth of July, 1525. army of the United States have been made at the war Carlets Alexander D. Bache, Peter McMartin; Adepartment, since the publication of the order of lexander Al. Lowman, Thomas S. Brown, to, te brethe 8th of March, 1825.

ret 2d lieutenants corps of engineers, 1st July, 1825 Second regiment of artillery.

Cadeis Siephen "'.' R. Ryan, Ilma. 4. Theinion, Brevet 2d lieutenant John M. Picton, to be şcond Mathew R. F. Harrison, florace Smit, to be bresina lieutenant Ist July, 18.1.

liculeoants lui rani. of riiilloty: 1:+0!,!.:!*, }9,

APPOINTMENTS.

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Cadets Wm F. Hopkins, Robert Anderson, James ed during four years. You will have the satisfaction R. Irwin, Charles F.Smith, to be brevet 24 lieutenants, of seeing the rapid progress of industry, and to find 2d regiment of artillery, 1st of July, 1825.

that if the general prosperity has not yet attained the Cadets Daniel S. Donelso, Benjamin Huger, Abbot degree of perfection to which my wishes and the efH. Brisbane, Alexander D. Mackay, Raphael C.Smead, forts of the government seek to carry it, the cause to be brevet 2d lieutenants, 3d regiment of artillery, must be looked for in nothing else than the almos 1st of July, 1825.

general stagnation of trade in agricultural produce.t Cadets Francis Taylor, Joseph W. Harris, to be in other respects the most advantageous results bare brevel 20 lieutenants, 4th regiment of artillery, Ist been obtained. The national debt approaches to its July, 1825.

complete acquittal. Cadet Osborne Cross, to be brevet 2d lieutenant, Ist "Two conventions have fised the part of this debt regiment of infantry, 1st of July, 1825.

that Austria and Prussia bave to support. In a short Cadets James S. Thompson, Gustavus Dorr, to be time a new finance law will regulate the revenue and brevet 2d lieutenants, 2d regiment of infantry, 1st July, expenditure of the state. A ruinous deficit had com1825.

promised your dearest interests. It has disappearCadets Joseph S. Worth, W. R. Montgomery, to ed. The excess of the receipts must be applied be brevet 2d lieutenants, 3d regiment of infantry, 1st scrupulously to the extinction of the bational debt. of July, 1825.

"The negotiations entered upon with the court of Cadets Lawrence F. Carter, Frederick Norcum, Berlin, to settle the affairs of commerce between PoNathaniel H. Street, to be brevet 2d lieutenants, 41h land and Prussia, have been crowned with the most regiment of infantry, 1st of July, 1825.

happy success, by means of a series of regulations, Cadets Nathaniel S. Harris, Joseph Bonnell, to be of a frank and amicable nature, which serve as the brevet 2d lieutenants 5th regiment of infautry, 1st of basis of my relations with my faithful allies. The July, 1925.

convention which I have ratified affords easy openCadets James J. Anderson, Joseph Clay, Samuel ings to your commerce abroad. That which you". R. Allston, to be brevet 2d lieutenants, 6th regiment have with Russia acquires daily greater activity and of infantry, 1st of July, 1825.

extent. The facilities that bave been granted to it Cadets Washington Seawell, George W. Garey, are doubly advantageous, both by the mutual WelJames Engle, to be brevet 2d lieutenants, 7th regi- fare of which they favor the progress, and by the ment of infantry, 1st of July, 1825.

new ties which draw the two nations together. The general in chief announces the foregoing pro

"The debts with which private property is burmotions and appointments, and directs the officers dened, have, in particular, excited my closest attenpromoted to report for duty accordingly. Those ar- tion. A project for forming an association, in solide, pointed haye received special orders from this office. of the land owners, will be laid before you. It is the By order of major general Brown,

result of opinions which have undergone long disR. JONES, adjutant general. cussion in your council of the Palatines.

“Religion, that source of every virtue, that indis

pensable base of all buman institutions, appears to Opening of the Polish Diet.

command a revision of a part of your civil code. A On the 13th May the emperor Alexander open- commission, chosen from among yourselves, has uned the session of the diet of Poland by the following dertaken this important labor, and the project of speech:--

the first book, which it has already discussed, will "When four years ago I scparated myself from you, be communicated to you. lamentable events had produced a general movement "My thoughts will accompany you in the discharge in Europe, which threatened to compromise the pros- of your functions, and you will find me ever ready perity of all the nations. I wished to leave to the to adopt the amcliorations which may be proposed opinions time to become fixed, and to the passions to me; but, at the same time, resolved to reject every time to subside. Your third session was deferred; species of concession that inay be prejudicial to your but this delay, I am certain, will possess the happy prosperity. result of having the better prepared your labors, "Representatives of thc kingdom of Poland, may and it is with real satisfaction, and with those senti- you, being free from all influence, proceed in your ments of attachment of which I have already given deliberations with calmness! The futurity of your you so many proofs, that I find myself in the midst country is in your hands. Consider nothing but its of you.

welfare, its real advantage. Render to it all the "In the interval that has elapsed since the last diet, services that it expects from your assembling togefaithful to my duties and to the resolutions which is ther, and second me in the accomplishment of the expressed to you, as soon as I remarked the germ wishes which I have never ceased to form for it." of troubles, I offered opposition to its development. To consolidate my work, ensure its duration, an

Great Britain and Buenos Ayres. guarantee to you the peaceable enjoyment of the fruits expected from it, I have added an article to Treały of amity, commerce and navigation, beroeen H. [. the fundamental law of the kingdoin.* This mea majesty and the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata. sure, which removes all necessity of exercising in Art. l. There shall be perpetual amity between the fluence in the choice of members of the dict and upon dominions and subjects of his majesty, the king of your deliberations, proves the part I take in the con- the united kingdom of Great Britaiu and Ireland, and solidation of your constitutional compact. This is the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, and their inthe sole object that I proposed to accomplish in habitants. adopting this measure, and the Poles, I have ihe full Art. !). There shall be, between all the territories est confidence, will know how to appreciate the ob- of bis Britannic majesty in Europe, and the territoject and the means I have employed for its accom-ries of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, a reci. plishment.

procal freedom of commerce: the inhabitants of the "My minister in the interior will lay before you iwo countries, respectively, shall have liberty, freely the picture of the situation of the kingdom, as well and securely, to come, with their ships and cargoes, as the administrative measures that have been pursus to all such places, ports and rivers, in the territories

aforesaid, to which other foreigners are or may be * The article here referred to, is that by which permitted to come, to enter into the same and to rethe publicity of the debates of the diet is prohibited. I main and reside in any part of the said territories re

spectively; also, to hire and occupy houses and ware- the laws of Great Britain, shall be considered ag houses, for the purposes of their commerce; and, ge- British vessels; and that all vessels, built in the terri• nerally, the merchants and traders of each nation tories of the said United Provinces, properly regisrespectively, shall enjoy the most complete protec- tered, and owned by the citizens thereoi, or any of tion and security for their commerce; subject always thein, and whereof the master and Hiree-fourths of to the laws and statutes of the two countries respec- the mariners, at least, are citizens of the said United lively,

Provinces, shall be considered as vessels the said Art. III. His majesty, the king of the united king- United Provinces. dom of Great Britain and Ireland, engages further, Art. VIII. All merchants, commanders of ships and that, in all his dominious situated out of Europe, the others, the subjects of his Britannic majesty, shall inhabitants of the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata have the same liberty, in all the territories of the said shall have the like liberty of commerce and naviga- United Provinces, as the natives thereof, to manage tios stipulated for in the preceding article, to the full their own affairs themselves, or to commit them to, extent, in which the same is permitted at present, or the management of whomsoever they please, as broshall be permitted hereafter, to any other nation. ker, factor, agent or interpreter; nor shall they be

Art. IV. No higher or other duties shall be impos- obliged to employ any other persons for those pured on the importation, into the territories of his Bri- poses, nor to pay them any salary or remuneration, tannic majesty, of any articles of the growth, produce unless they shall choose to employ them; and absoor manufacture of the United Provinces of Rio de la lute freedom shall be allowed, in all cases, to tho Plata, and no higher or other duties shall be imposed buyer and seller to bargain and fix the price of any on the importation into the said United Provinces, of goods, wares or merchandise, imported into, or exany articles of the growth, produce or manufacture of ported from, the said United Provinces, as they shall of his. Britannic majesty's dominions, than are or see good. shall be payable on the like articles, being the growth, Art. LX. In whatever relates to the lading and unproduce or manufacture, or any other foreign coun- lading of ships, the safety of merchandise, goods and try; nor shall any other or higher duties or charges be effects, the disposal of property of every sort ar i deimposed, in the ierritories or dominions of ciller of nomination, by sale, donation, or exchange, or ira the contracting parties, on the exportation of any ar- any other manner whatsoever, as also the administraticles to the territories or dominio:s of the other, tion of justice, the subjects and citizens of the two than such as are or may be payable on the exportation contracting parties shall enjoy, in their respective of the like articles to any other foreign country; nor dominions, the same privileges, liberties and rights, shall any prohibition be imposed upon the exporta- as the most favored nation, and shall not be charged, tion or importation of any articles, the growth, pro- in any of these respects, with any higher duties or duce or manufacture of his Britannic majesty's domi- imposts than those which are paid or may be paid by nions, or of the said United Provinces, which shall the native subjects or citizens of the power in whose pot equally extend to all other nations.

dominions they may be resident. They shall be exArt. v. No higher or other dues or charges on empted from all compulsory military service whatsoaccount of tonnage, light or harbor dues, pilotage, ever, whether by sea or land, and from all forced salvage, in case of damage or shipwreck, or any other loans, or military exactions or requisitions; neither local charges, shall be imposed, in any of the ports shall they be compelled to pay any ordinary lases, of the said United Provinces, on British vessels, or under any pretext whatsoever, greater than those the burthen of 120 tons, than thosc payable, in the that are paid by native subjects or citizens. same ports, by vessels of the said United Provinces, Art. X. It shall be free for each of the two conof the same burthen; nor in the ports of any of his tracting partios to appoint consuls for the protection Britannic majesty's territories, of the vessels of the of trade, to reside in the dominions and territories of Voited Provinces, of above 120 tons, than shall be the other party; but before any consul shall act as payable, in the same ports, on British vessels, of the such, lie shall, in the usual form, be approved and adsame burthen.

mitted by the government to which he is sent; and Art. VI. The same duties shall be paid on the im. either of the contracting partics may except from • portation into the said United Provinces of any arti- the residence of consuls, such particular places as cles the growth, produce, or manufacture of his Brio either of them may judge fit to be so excepted. lannic majesty's dominions, whether such importa Art, XI. For the better security of commerce betion shall be in vessels of the said United Provinces twveen the subjects of his Britannic mojesty and the or in British vessels; and the same duties shall be inhabitants of the United Provinces of Rio La Plata, paid on the importation into the dominions of his Bri- it is agreed, that if, at any time, any interruption tannic majesty of any article, of the growth, produce of friendly commercial intercourse, or any rupture or manufacture of the said United Provinces, whe- should unfortunately take place between the two conther such importation shall be in British vessels or tracting parties, the subjects or citizens of either of in vessels of the said United Prorinces:--The same the two contracting parties, residing in the dominions duties shall be paid, and the same drawbacks and of the other, shall have the privilege of remaining and bounties allowed, on the exportation of any articles continuing their trade therein, without any manner of of the growth, produce or manufacture of his Bri- interruption, so long as they behave peaceably, and tannic majesty's dominions, to the said United Provin- commit no offence against the laws; and their etlecis ces, whether such esportation shall be in vessels of and property, whether entrusted to individuals or to the said United Provinces, or in British vessels; and the state, shall not be liable to seizure or sequestratior, the same duties shall be paid, and the same bounties or to any other demands than those which may be and drawbacks allowed, on the exportation of any made upon the like effects or property belonging to articles, the growth, produce or manufacture of the the native inhabitants of the state in which such subsaid United Provinces, to his Britannic majesty's do- jects or citizens may reside. minions, whether such exportation shall be in British Art. XII. The subjects of his Britannic majesty, vessels, or ia vessels of the said United Provinces. residing in the United Provinces of Rio de La Plata,

Art. VII. In order to avoid any misunderstanding, shall not be disturbed, persecuted or annoyed, on acwith respect to the regulations which may respec- count of their religion, but they shall have perfect tively constitute a British vessel, or a vessel of the liberty of conscience theroin, and to celebrate divipe said United Provinces, it is hereby agreed, that all service, ciiler within their own private houses, or in vesseis built in the dominions of his Britannic majes- their own particular churches or chapels, which they ly, and owncd, navigated and registered according to stall be a:!i crly to build and main: 3 rouericii

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