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places,approved of by the government of the said Unit- Clinch, all the troops, military stores, &c. now at ed Provinces. Liberty shall also be granted to bury Fort St. Carlos de Barancas, at Pensacola; and to dethe subjects of his Britannic majesty who may die in liver rip that post as may be directed by the secretary the said United Provinces, in their own burial places, of the navy. which, in the same manner, they may freely establish Died, on the 11th ult. in Union district, S. C. gen. and maintain. In the like manner, the citizens of the Hugh Means, in the 74th year of his age. He was a said United Provinces shall enjoy, within all the do- valuable soldier in the revolution, and much respect minions of his Britannic majesty, a perfect and uned at the tine of his death, restrained liberty of conscience, and of exercising -, suddenly, at Manchester, Mass. Henry Ward, their religion, publicly or privately, within their own a lieut. in the U. S. navy, aged 31; also, in Boston, dwelling houses, or in the chaples and places of lieut. Ialter Jbbot, who was severely wounded in worship appointed for that purpose, agreeably to the the battle between the Chesapeake and Shannon, and system of toleration established in the dominions of wbich finally caused his death. hiis said majesty.

at Buenos Ayres, 6th May, captain Josep Art. Wii. it shall be free for the subjects of his Rush, of the Brig Hippomenes. His remains were Dritannic majesty, residing in the United Provinces of interred in the Protestent burying ground, attended Rio de La Plata, to dispose of their property, of every | by the charge des affaires and consul of the United description, by will

or testament, as they may judge tit; Siates, anii the Americans in that place. It must be and, in the event of any British subject dying without gratifying to the friends of civil and religious liberty. such will or testament, in the territories of the said that, in that city, once within the grasp of the iron United Provinces, the British consul general, or, in his hand of the inquisition, a Protestant funeral is conabsence, his representative, shall have the right to no- ducted with the same order, decorum and solemnity, minate curators, to take charge of the property of the as in any part of the world. deceased, for the benefit of his lawful heirs and cre -, at Bath, Maine, Levi Patterson, aged 55, of ditors, without interference, giving convenient notice corpulency. He weighed between 5 and 600 pounds. thereof to the authorities of the country, and recipro

A counterfeiter of the name of Tees, has been sens cally. Art. XIV. His Britannic majesty being extremely tentiary of Pennsylvania.

tenced to twenty-four years confinement in the penidesirous of totally abolishing the slave trade, the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata enga ge to co-ope.

Corn. One dollar and twenty-five cents per bushe! rate with his Britannic majesty, for the completion or was asked for corn, of a very indifferent quality, at so beneficent a work, and to prohibit all persons, in- Wilmington, N. c. on the 6th of July. There was not babiting within the said United Provinces, or subject a bushel of good corn in the market. At Baltimore, to their jurisdiction, in the most effectual manner, the very best is worth oniy from 44 to 46 cents per and by the most solemn laws, from taking any share bushcl. in such trade.

North Carolina A gentleman of Orange county, in Art. XV. The present treaty shall be ratified, and this state, has lately emancipated eleven likely slaves, the ratifications shall be exchanged in London with and sent them to Liberia. in four months, or sooner, if possible.

Game laws. A person has been prosecuted in In witness whereof, the respective plenipoten- King's county, New York, and compelled to pay $8 40,

liaries have signed the same, and have allised penalty and costs, for shooting seventeen woodcock, their seals thereunto.

before the first day of July. The offence is in killing Done at Buenos Ayres, the ?d day of Feb- the game when supposed not to be in season. ruary, A. D. 1825.

Valuable discovery. Extensive quarries of the stone, L. 5.] WOODBINE PARISH, II. M. consul gen. producing the first quality of the lime used to make L. S.] MANI.. J. GARCIA.

water cement, have been discovered along the pro-
posed line of the Delaware and Hudson canal, ir

Ulster county, New York.
CHRONICLE.

Porosity of malter. Some years ago, in a voyage to Tite president of the United States entered upon the South Africa, two empty spherical-bottles, hermetri59th year of his age on the 11th inst.

cally sealed, were, with the help of leads, sunk 200 Achille und Napoleon Nural, sons of the late king of fathoms into the sea. Ten men were a quarter of an Naples, have made, at Philadelphia, the necessary hour raising them. At that depth the pressure was declaration preparatory to their becoming citizens of equal to 36 atmospheres nearly, (the weight of an althe United States. It is understood that they will mosphere 15 lbs. on a square inch, or 2,100 lbs. on settle in Florida.

a square foot;) and they where found to be full of Isaac B. Deslu. The third trial of Isaac B. Desha, water. for the murder of Francis Baker, came on in the Cincinnati, July 2. An association has been formHarrison circuit court, (Kentucky), on Friday, the cd in this city, for the purpose of establishing another 17th ult. On Tuesday following, not one juryman community, upon Mr. Owen's principles, though having been obtained, the trial was postponed until with some slight variations in the details of its plan. the next court.

They have purchased the site for their establishment ( Pit is very possible that twelve persons, suited consisting of about 800 acres, at the Yellow Springs, for jurors, cannot be collected in any county of the Green county, near the head waters of the Little Mistate, who have not expressed an opinion as to the ami, about 65 miles northeast of this city, nod are zuilt or innocency of the accused. What is to be preparing to commence their operations immediatedone, in this case

ly, by the erection of suitable buildings for the aeThompson's Island remains exceedingly unhealthy. commodation of visitors to this favorite watering The building of the light house was suspended in con- place. We regret to find, from their advertisement, sequence of it.

that the contemplated improvement will preclude The U. S. armory at Springfield, has again been da- the practicability of accommodating visitors this seamaged by fire-the loss is estimated at 6 or 7,000 dol- son. It is also understood that this community has lars.

in view the establishment of several manufactories, Naval Depoi. Col. Clinch has received instructions for which the water power in the vicinity of the from the adjutant general to remove to cantonment spring will afford favorable sites.- Lit. Gazette.

PRINTED BY WILLIAM OGDEN NILES, AT THE FRANKLIN PRESS, WATER-STREET, EAST OFSOTTI-STREET.

THIRD SERIES.

No. 22–VOL. IV.)

BALTIMORE, JULY 30, 1825.

(Vol. XXVIII, WHOLE NO. 724

THE PAST THE PRESENT FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

“Ricut oF INSTRUCTION.”. My unknown corres-fone of the editors of the "National Intelligencer," pondent has now concluded his series of essays on was called up by the court to name the person on the "right of instruction;" and, so far as my opinion whose authority a certain statement had been made goes, they abound with as strong and able arguments in that paper. For the honor of his profession, and as I have ever seen on this interesting and impor- in accordance with a sound editorial principle, he Lant subject; and there is a clearness and close- declined-there was something said about coercing ness of reasoning in them that cannot fail of com- him, and the court was about to be cleared for the manding the respect even of those who may not sub- purpose of devising the means, when commodore scribe, in extenso, to the doctrines maintained: but Porter stepped forward and admitted that he himself some of the chief points, being based on a rock, had published the correspondence, and said that he the sovereignty of the people, are irresistably power-would have freely avowed it, if he had been called on ful. Yet, as I have said before, I still think, that the instead of the editors. "right of instruction” exists in the people, in all ordinary cases, meaning those in which the obligation of Gen. LAFAYETTE arrived at Wilmington, Del. ou the representative to the tenor of his oath may not Monday last, and, after visiting some of his 'acquaintbe inmediately affected, or as to matters of opinion; ances and dining with his masonic brethren, at their but the representative has also the right of inquiry, hall, departed for the seat of his friend Dupont, on and of judging for himself what really is the will of the Brandywine-where, if he ever before was on the his constituents, being responsible to them for the spot, he will observe as much improvement as any other result of that inquiry and judgment.

part of the United States can exhibit; for there is the Manly discussions like these always do good. "Dif- largest powder manufactory in the world, with a very ferences of opinion are not always differences of prin- fine woollen manufactory, cotton mill, tannery, &c. ciple," and "free investigation is the shield of truth;" &c. and there are pretty large and rich fields and fine and, under the impression of these facts, I shall re-orchards, &c. where a rabbit could not have made his cur to the subject at some early day, and also "ex- way, a few years ago, so rude and rough was the press my opinions" upon it.

country. The general visited the battle ground at

Chadd's Ford, on Tuesday, and would thence proeeed COM. PORTER. The trial of this distinguished offi- to West Chester, Lancaster, &c.—He is expected in cer is not yet finished. A great deal of time has been Baltimore this evening, (Friday.) consumed in the examination of papers, and the set A Philadelphia paper says—gen. Lafayette's claims, tlement of many litigated points. The proceedings under the late law of indemnity, for confiscated pripromise to be very important in the establishment perty during the French revolution, amount, it is said, of many principles, for the rule and government of to six hundred thousand francs-Should he receive courts martial; for a pumber of new questions appear that sum, about one hundred and twenty thousand to have come up for consideration.

dollars, (of which there is little reason to doubt, as Faintly advised as we are of the facts, we do not he comes within every principle of the provision), it wish to occupy much space with accounts of this will make a considerable addition to the donations of trial at present, but there are two recent occurrences this country, and render the decline of his life almost that it seems proper to notice. Certain private let. as affluent as the commencement of it. It is underters between Mr. Monroe and com. Porter have been stood that he does not go to France for a permanent brought into court, but we do not recollect to have residence there, but intends to return again to the observed that they were acted upon, and we hope United States. that they may not be, unless, indeed, to develope some Hayti. We are advised of a very important event thing very important:* the other is, that Mr. Seaton, --a recognition of the independence of Hayti by

France, see page 351. The French government has *Since this paper was "made up” for the press, we acted most wisely in this transaction, in giving up a observe that, in Thursday's proceedings of the court claim which all the power that even Napoleon himmartia), these letters, with replies to certain interro self ever possessed could not have realized, for the gatories proposed to Mr. Monroe, have been read. sum of 150 millions of francs, to be paid by the goWe now can only briefly notice the substance of vernment of Hayti, and the payment only of half duthem. On the 10th March 1825, com. Porter wrote ties for the French trade, by French subjects, for the a letter to Mr. Monroe requesting permission to pay space of six years. This will go far to give to France his respects to him-Mr. Monroe declined the visit, a monopoly of the trade of the island, and yield many Jest it might be attributed to a desire to influence the millions more of profit to her people; and besides, it conduct of the new executive as to the Foxardo will establish commercial connections which, if proaffair.

perly managed, will last for many years. The new By the answers to the interrogatorios, it would seem king or his ministers have shewn a degree of wisdom that Mr. Monroe goes into a full narration of the rea- and foresight in this business that we did not expect sons that induced the recall of com. P. It appears, of them, and they have also preserved their principle, also, that the com. left his station and returned in as to "legitimacy'--for though one anointed with June 1824, without leave, or without advice to the the "holy oil!cannot be rightfully divested of any government on the subject—that for this, the presi- | part of his sovereignty, let him be ever so great a dent, with all possible delicacy, had it intimated to tyrant, knave or fool, -still he may give it up as of him that a visit from him, (the com.) would not be ac- his own motion! The Spanish” part of the island ceptable--and that a visit did not take place; that is not included in this acknowledgment; but the thereaf er, in October, the com. was formally ordered to his station, to which he replied by a note thought navy, instead of having shewn a hostile feeling to exceptionable-but that he finally proceeded to the the commodore, had exhibited a feeling directly West Indies, and was recalled on account of the Fox the reverse of hostile, &c. This is the substance of ardo atiair-and further, that the secrotary of the vhat is stated in the "National Journal." .

To.. XXVI11.-22.

Haytiens can easily force an act of faror from Ferdi- , fish, we yesterday learned that even the feathered nand, when they please--at least so long as Cuba tribe have become its victims. The swallows, which acknowledges allegiance to Spain. There were great inhabit the large ship house at the navy pard, are daily rejoicings at Port au Prince in consequence of this dropping down dead among the workmen below. event, and the ports, of what was the "French” part This curious and uncommon incident, induced one of of the island, are to be thrown open to the fags of all the officers to ascertain the temperature by means of nations. The French, probably to give digmity to the a thermometer. mission, sent a large fleet to escort their ainbassador In the commandant's officc, 93 degrees. to Hayti, as will be seen in the account.

In the ship house, near the roos, 106 degrees. The acknowledged independence of layii, by In New York, on Friday last week, thirty-one perFrance, will be immediately followed by that of sons died of drinking cold water, or in consequence Great Britain and other povsers. What ought the of the heat!—and on the next day, six more were addUnited States to do? If a minister were now to arrive ed to the melancholy list. The intemperate use of from that republic, could we refuse to receive him ice, no doubt, caused many of those disasters. As we Our trade Tith Hayti has been of more value to us than have abundance of good water in Baltimore, no great the joint trade wiih many nations and our interest deal of ice is used, and the deaths by drinking cold deniands what justice should require us to do. It water, were only three for the whole of last week. W! c'ush with the feelings and prejudices of many The weather, for several days past, has been quito ang us, but we cannot arrest ihe progress of this pleasant in Baltimore-quite as cool, indeed, as was republic or change its location, and must yield to cir- healthy, after the severe heals that we hare had. cumstances. There is no middle course left between Peace and war; and, by the last, there will be every MORTALITY. There were 197 deaths in New York thing to lose and nothing to gain, as well as it may the week before last, and 180 in Philadelphia last regard our commerce abroad as our safety at home. week*—one third of the whole probably caused by the We would that this great nation of blacks was placed excessive heat and imprudent use of cold water. The elsewhere-we would that it was further removed corresponding week of last year gave only 62 deathe from the southern parts of the United States; but this in Philadelphia. In Baltimore, there were but 46 is only an empty desire, and we should rather look deaths for the week ending on Monday last week, oi towards an extension of the sovereignty of the colored whom only 15 were adults. This city was nerer more people of the West Indies, than hope for a diminution healthy at any season of the year than it is now, ex. of their power. The tirst is probable, if not certain-cept as to the diseases of children; and even they are the last cannot be anticipated even by the most san- less affected than is usual. There were 70 interments guine. It will grow and increase; and the climate during the week ending on Monday last-of whom 31 and soil of Hayti lare made the people invincible, as were of persons above the age of 21 years. Of the to foreign nations, if they remain united and faithful whole, 14 were persons of color, and only one of them to themselves; and why they should not, we cannot a slave. There was 1 from suicide, 7 sudden, 3 still conjecture.

born, 3 drinking cold water, 1 casualty, 1 infanticide, It is said that the purchase money to France will be 1 manslaughter, 1 by lightning—18; besides 17 by easily paid, for that a large part of it was already in cholera infantum, teething and other diseases of chilhand, waiting for the purpose.

dren, leaving 35 for all other diseases-only one death

by fever. The Greeks. Our readers are referred, with great Terrible. A New York paper contains a whole pleasure indeed, to pages 344 and 349, for news from column of the names of persons, places of resithe Greeks. What a terrible disaster has befallen the dence, &c. over whom the coroner held inquests, Egyptians! Canaris may be well said to have cover- during the eight days that preceded the 25th instant. ed himself with a bloze oj glory!--and the president of The number is seventy, and the causes of the deaths the republic, Conduriotti, at Navarin, bas exhibited are reported as follows: zeal and talents worthy of the days of Epaminondas. lotemperance My frien, Mr. Iloliy, editor of the "Troy Sentinel," Accidental

5 speaking of the late news from Greece, has the fol Delirium lowing happy quotation

Drinking cold water
"The Turkish moons

beer
"Wander in disarray. A dark eclipse
"Hangs v the silver crescent, boding night,

buttermilk
"Long nighs, to all her sons."

Overhcated The speedy expulsion of the Turks from Europe Suicide must be looked for as a neccessary result of the free Appoplexy dom of Greece; but the latter has not yet been accom To several of those as "overheated," "intemper. plished, though we entertain no doubt that it will be. ance" is added, as io part causing their death.

HeaT. A Philadelphia paper, of the 21st inst. says THE WARREN FACTORY, near Baltimore, is a very Besides the accounts which we have daily received valuable establishment. It cost, we believe, about of the fatal effects of heat on men, on horses and on 180,000 dollars; but was sold, during the prostration

of domestic indústry, about five years ago, for 36,000, * Exports of the United States in the year ending Sep- and it is supposed that it now. yields a liberal interest tember 30, 1824.

on thc sum of 250,000—which, probably, for the imDomestic. Foreign. Total, provements and additions since made, does not much Hayti 1,901,926 460,229 2,365,155 exceed the actual cost of the whole: the chief of the

disbursements, however, were made in “dear times." Russia

92,766 139,215 237,981 There are employed 125 loods, 7,000 spindles, proPrussia

5,163

5,163 ducing 78,000 yards cotton cloth per month, 3,500 Sweden and Norway 163,725 161,033 324,758 pounds cotton yarn per week, 12,000 yards printed 0102tk

35,487 299,892 335,309 calico, &c. There are about 900 persons employed, Spain

150,276 366,432 516,710 of all ages, whose wages are from four dollars to Portugal

77,225 5,168 82,423 sixty per month, esclusive of the managers; eighty Haly aod Malla 76,868 557,480 664,348

*Ninety adults and ninety children-fifteen from' 2,166,692 drinking cold water.

7

1

1 36

1

two-story stone dwellings, one saw-mill, grist-mill,&c. dred and twenty-four, was 4,342. Of these, 935 were

The preceding facts are chiefly derived from a coin in the city and county of Philadelphia. munication in the “Baltimore Chronicle."

MR. Clay, returning to the seat of government, Cuba. Spain is evidently uneasy about the fate partook of a public dinner at Louisville, on the 9th of this island. The bishop of Havana has been com- inst. "The day passed off with the highest and most pelled to ly to New Orleans, for he was suspected of uninterrupted hilarity." On Mr. Clay's health being being too liberal in his opinions, and a new general drunk, "be addressed the company in his usual capof marines has been appointed.' Some troops have tivating and electrifying manner." At Louisville the arrived, and 2,500, in all, were expected.

friends of gen. Jackson were more numerous than in This island must speedily pass from the possession any other part of the state. The following was one. of Spain. There are elements within and without of the regular toaststhat will divest Ferdinand of this, his now most pre The president of the United States--Rival merit alone cious colony--but, whether it will become indepenr embarrassed his ascent to the first honor of his coundent, be united with Mexico, or Colombia, or Hayli, try. He is worthy of it. no one can tell. The last is the most probable. Boyer, Mr. Clay reached Cincinnati on the lith inst. lle (by a pursuit of that policy which the British held was immediately waited upon by great numbers of the right in respect to the United States, during the late citizens, and, on the 13th, partook of a public dinner war), by declaring freedom to the slaves, can effect at which "nearly two hundred of our most respectit, with the greatest ease, whenever he pleases. Be able citizens,” says the account, were present. On sides, he may conquer it by arms, if he shall prefer his health being drunk, he rosé and addressed the that course: and, as he now will want means to pay company, and the most rapturous applause followed off what he has agreed to give France, (see page 351), the delivery of it.” It is said to have been the largest the usages of civilized nations will justify him in get dinner party ever given in Cincinnati. Mr. Cinton ting them from Cuba!!!

arrived there the same day, and dined with Mr. Clay,

În the evening, they visited Lafayette lodge together, HOLLAND LAND COMPANY. A kind friend, in New and were received with the highest masonic honors, York, has pointed out an error, of some importance, both having been grand masters in their respective into which we were led, when noticing this company, states. Mr. Clinton had left Cincinnati for Louisin the Register of the 9th inst. The unsold lands are ville, but was to return to partake of a public dinner, not exempt from taxation; on the contrary, an opi- having accepted the invitation of the citizens. He nion is expressed that they are taxed too high, as the will visit Pittsburg, &c. unsold lands are assessed at the same rate as those Mr. Clay also dined with the people of the village which have been sold. We are pleased additionally of Lebanon, and was to partake of a public entertainto be informed, "that such a thing as the political in- ment at Chillicothe, &c. His family joined bim at Quence of the Holland company is unknown.”

Cincinnatti, on their way to Washington.

The Gazeta de Colombia, in announcing the appointBANKS OF Connecticut, as exhibited by reports to ment of Mr. Clay to the office of secretary of state, the general assembly, March 7, 1825.

makes the following remark:

“Our fellow-citizens will recollect how much the cause of American independence and liberty is indebted to the liberal opinions and active interests of Mr. Clay. The other ministers, appointed by Mr. Adams, are also our friends. We may, therefore, anticipate the continued friendship of the new administration."

Total

Bridgeport
Stonington
Hartford -
Norwich
Union
New Haven
Middletown
Eagle
Derby
Phenix
New London
Windham county
Fairfield county

BANKS.

4,613,106

77,212
41,186
337,059
110,178
49,981

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2,311,956 1639,951

132,640

44,677
481,279
88,974

1,271
629,850 116,497

27,739
32,704
87,913
17,080

Mr. Rusu. A most splendid entertainment was given to Mr. Rush at Philadelphia, on the 20th instant, from which, his native city, he had been absent eight years. Chief justice Tilghman presided, assisted by Messrs. Carey and Ingersoll

. Among the invited guests were general Lafayette and his family, the venerable and good bishop White and judge Peters, and other distinguished citizens and foreigoers.

The first toast was—"The best of sovereigns- the sovereign people," and the music lo it was "Yankee Doodle."

The Sth toast was--Our envoy, Mr. Rush-welcome home to his native state-unspoiled by foreign governments, worthy of our own.

On this toast being enthusiastically drunk, Mr Rush, rose and addressed the company as follows:

That he could not sufficiently express the grateful sense he had of the 'obliging and cordial welcome given to him; that all knew who had experienced it, and those who had not experienced it, could imagine, that the moment at which our country became most dear to us was that which restored us to it after a long absence; it was then that the whole and every part of it laid a new hold upon our affections, but the endearments were especially strong when we found ourselves again at the spot of our birth, the

scene of our early life and all the associations that PENNSYLVANIA. The whole number of tavern li- belonged to it-these must necessarily be his feelings cences, granted in the different cities and counties on this occasion, heightened by the presence of thoso of Pennsylvania, in the year one thousand eight hun-I between whom and liimself there existed not only the

38,948
99,464
46,857
17,712
43,049

175,528 111,989 including?

Notes in circulation. on hand.

Cash

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363,338

56,028

139,748
72,080
95,982

funds.
Specie

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common tie of country-a tie felt in itself to be strong ille had risen to express, the grateful sense he felt at by those who had long been accustomed to look only the kindness with which he found himself received by on foreign faces—but in so many instances, the ties his fellow townsmen, and only had ventured to express of fornier acquaintances and friendship. He believed a few sentiments that had started to bis mind, as first that the cause of this increased attachment in the mind impressions, since landing on our happy shores-His and heart of an American citizen on returning home, absence, as was known, had been in a public trust in was to be sought primarily in the many and solid the foreign service of our country, in regard to wbick grounds that existed for it," for, however, he might he could only say that whilst in it, he had endeavored feel himself bound whilst abroad to look with liberali- to do his duty; called now, by a confidence bestowed ty and respet upon every thing, truly worthy of such upon him in advance, to a post in the home service, he feelings in other countries, and much there was of this could only say, that he would, in like manner, strive to character, he, (Mr R.) was satisfied that the most do his duty in it, deeply conscious that, at this moment, dispassionate retrospect would present to him new he had little other qualification for it than a just conreasons for an augmented approbation and love of his ception of its magnitude and difficulty, own country, and all its institutions, so that the de Mr. R. said, that it was impossible for him to sit cicious of liis judgment would ratify the partialities down without saying how greatly the gratification of of his heart.

the day had been enhanced to him, by the presence These institutions were exerting an influence upon of an illustrious individual, the guest of this whole nathe political, the social, the individual character here, tion; the magnanimous champion in both hemiscalated to give to each the broadest and fairest ex- pheres of the equal and just rights of man; whe pasion. The evidences of their excellence were to be ihroughout a long life, whether in good fortune or traced in the large amount of prosperity that we had bad fortune, had preserved his identity of character, always heretofore enjoyed as a nation. Short as had true always to the cause of human liberty, true to been the interval since his (Mr R's.) return, he had honor, alike distinguished by his courage and his genalready saw every where indications of rapid advance- tleness, as attractire in private life as he had ever ment, which, although they may have been less pre- been undismayed in the performance of every pubceived, perhaps, by those who looked on them from lic duty, a republican in the best sense of the word, a year to ycar, struck him in the aggregate of seven, as nobleman in the best sense of the word, not through truly gratifing. These indications were scattered in an adventitious feudal badge—which he knew how to and about this, his native city, which was silently and cast aside-but by the possession and practice of the uno tentatiously-copying, in these resperts, the attri highest virtues. Such, in a word, would be paint this butes of its great and benign founder-making its way illustrious man. to eminence and grandeur. But signal, said Mr. R. as Returning to the feelings under which he first rose, had been the measure of our past success, it was as and expressing once more his heart felt thanks at nothing to the career that was before us.

the reception he had met with, Mr. R. sat dowa by He could not for his part, consider, (looking to the requesting to propose as a toast, whole nation), that we were even now as prosperous

"The city of Philadelphia, and may her prosperity and as powerful as we ought to be. When he came continue to increase.” to recollent the size and resources of this great repub The ninth toast was the guest of the nation-Gene lic, its population, not in its present actual amount ral Lafayette-who makes an excursion of pleasure merely, ample as that was, but in its characteristics for ton thousand miles, always among friends and of indusiry of enterprize, of efficiency, the results of neighbors. Music-Lafayette's marcb. freedom and a high and universal state of intelligence, To this toast which was drunk with the usual cordiahe could no helieve that we stood even now, at the lity: poi t of advancement that we ought to occupy. The

Gen. Lafayette expressed his acknowledgements, surface of our soil, its bowels, our mountains, our and at the same time his assent, to the sentiment just lakes, the very beds of our rivers and eren their now delivered on the superiority of American ciriwaters, uere filled with treasures yet unexplored, and lization over the institutions of the other hemisphere. which, under new combinations of industry and art to He would seize the opportunity of the presence of a be applied to our fields, our workshops, our commerce witness, himself engaged in those great concerns, once ani shipping, were capable of lifting up this nation more to pay a tribute of patriotic gratitude, to the hapto a high and envied pitch of wealth, of happiness py message of his old friend and companion in arms, aud of renown. These treasures, when developed, the then president Monroe in 1924, a declaration from m'ist carry us onward in the career which we were the government of the United States, which at onco detined to run with contemporary nations, and which checked the plots of several European powers against it as the more indispensable that we should run, the independence and freedom of South America and sis?

the recent liberation of the whole southern Mexico, and has already determined the recognition p. tion of our great continent, an epoch placing us in by one European government of the independence of nes relations with the rest of the world, devolving the American republics. He gave the following toast: un us ingher and more imperious duties than any

Philadelphia-May the fair city forever continue to 1. which we had yet been called. Nor was he, Mr. R. redeem the pledge of her philanthropic pame, and sitinde, for his share, with hearing it said that we enjoy the blessings of her republican freedom. W-1 a young nation, as a reason for running this The following happy sentiment was expressed in career slowly. Young, indeed, it might perhaps be the 12th toast: The Brandywine-freighted with the awend that we were, in reference to the mere date return cargo of La Bonne Mere.*** of national independence, but individual man was

The volunteers were very numerous—they were so a, od and he would hope as enlightened here as he good, that we must preserve some of them. was any where; society was in a state of complete By Mr. Ingersoll-(Bishop White having retired)organization: we had knowledge and skill, and am- Our venerable guest, the chaplain of congress at ple possession of all materials, physłcal and moral, York, who, taking nothing for his journey, neither necessary to give effect to the highest meliorations of staves, nor scrip, nor bread, nor money, nor two our mondition in all ways as a people, nationally and coats, went forth, in the time that most tried mens individually. Were there not then the most combining souls, strong in the faith of God and his countryinducements for entering upon such a career, at once, bishop White. and following it up with unabaling vigor and zeal? But it was not for him, Mr. R to abuse the indul *The name of the vessel in which Lafayette First gence of the company by entering upon discussions. loft France for the United States.

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