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THIRD SERIES.

No. 26-Vol. IV.]

BALTIMORE, AUGUST 27, 1825.

[Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE No. 728

THE PAST THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY FL. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

THE GOVERNOR OF GEORGIA AND THE CREEKS, &c., forward and supported, was opposed with all that From the great mass of "ollicial papers" with which steadiness and industry which has characterized the the Georgia press yet teems, we have made some se- REGISTER, whenever given up to the examination of lections for the present week that will not fail to any particular subject-yet ii never was yielded to arrest the attention of our readers, as shewing the to promote the private views of any man or set of existing state of the controversy, and the determina- men-nor sball it ever be. But, as i said in 1914, tion of the general government in respect to it: and when speaking of the eastern jacobins, “I cannoi sit these papers must be regarded as exceedingly import- quietly in the forge of the Cyclops while the thunder -ant, if the governor of Georgia represents the feelings bolts of destruction are forging against the republic;'' and the principles of the people of that state, in his and the ground that was taken against them shall be unjust, uncouth and intemperate correspondence with taken against all others who may act as they did.the oflicers and agents of the United States. But we This paper will always "go the whole," as the saying cannot suppose this, any more than we believed ihat is, "for the country.” The declaration is made at the "Boston Rebel,"in 1814, (whose anonymous writ- this time, that all interested may perfectly undering, by the bye, were not more exceptionable than stand the editor to be neithcr neutral or indifferent those of gov. Troup), represented the feelings and as to the doings of the governor of Georgia, except in principles of the yeomanrs of Massachusetts. We an impartial selection and record of the official pamust regard the acts of the governor as his own acts, pers that may grow out of them. The administration or those of a little "holy alliance," or "enlightening is right-and must be supported, or the great objects class,” which general Gaines so happily speaks of in of our political institutions---pcace, liberty and safety, his letter of the 28th July—of men that are resolved under the mild influence of inorality and justice, will to get and maintain power, and arrive at distinction, fail. And shall they fail, because governor Troup at every hazard. The time has come when every and a few of his partizans, have determined to do friend of the union should speak freely, and frown” that which they have no right in reason or lawful into the contempt that it deserves, as we are advised by power to do?-which there is no necessity to do, cxWashington that we should, the desperate proceed- cept it exists in the furtherance of selfish or merceings of infuriated men to gather to themselves a do- nary speculating purposes. minion for the gratification of their own lusts, though Perhaps, and, indeed, it is probable, that the subat the expense of a civil war, and the distraction, and, ject presents itself under a more serious aspect than (if possible), destruction of a system of government, it deserves but no matter should be regarded as unwhich is the pride of the present age and hope of important that tends to disturb the harmony of the posterity-affording an asylum for the oppressed of union, or alienate the affections of the peoplc of one all pations. But we have no fears of this the people section of the country from those of any other seclooked-down the "jacobins" of 1914, as I then called tion—as it appears that some most evidently, and, I them, in the east; and a glance of their eye, will set- miglit add, most wickedly,* aim at. And such has ile matters with the little band in the south, resolved been the perversity of these, that many, the mass of sito ruin or to rule the state."

the population I should suppose, scem almost ready to In consequence of his late letter to Mr. Troup, gen. say, "let them go on and meet the consequences as Gaines has been directed to "forbear further inter- well as they can!” This would, really, be an awful course with the government of Georgia!” It was state of things—and cannot be permitted, if to be found that the general was neither to be cajoled* or prevented. frightened, and that he could nib his pen, too, as Room is not allowed just now to examine the sharply as gov. Troup--so there was no rise in having case at large. The point of difficulty, at present, resis any thing more to do with him-and the general, do in this whether or not the governor of Georgia shall doubt, is greatly mortificd thereat!

enter upon and cause a survey to be made of the But this is the important point--the president of Crcek lands? He most lustily declares that he will, the United States, having exhausted entreaty, has cos! what it may, and even at the risk of its being said resolved that gov. Troup shall not enter upon and survey the Creek lands before September, 1826--2 ***Wickedly”-in exciting the feelings of the peoresolution that will be maintained by ninety-nine ple of the south about their slares, as though those of hundredths of the people of the United States, es- the "free states” were resolved to interfere to divest eept the "enlightening class'', in Georgia, and a few them of what the law regards as property, without kindred political fire-brands, scattered through the their consent, and produce insurrections-a thi' g bct country, who are on the alert to catch at any thing, and less absurd and ridiculous than a charge which I once ready to league themselves with any party, to ob- heard made against Mr. Jeferson, that he had sold the tain food for opposition to the adminisiration, because United States to France, for a certain sum of money, it happens that the chief of it is not the man that they, (which was named), and that that was the reason why their own mighty selves, preferred for that place. is the price of shingles was so low and that of corn so high!"}

It is known to every reader of this paper, that I This happened in the lower part of Delaware, viheretook no personal part in the presidential contest that in the people were famous for their devotio tu king I professed the admiration and estcem that I really George and a belief in witches. It is possible, that the fclt, and on various accounts, for three of the distin- person who made this charge against Mr. Jefferson guished citizens, who wore before the people as can- really believed all that he said-and, perhaps, chadidates for the most honorable ofico in the world, 'rity would require one to suppose that sor. Troop. and that I never uttered a word disrespectful to the willing to conjure some phanium to scare the people other, though the manner in which he was brought of the south, had so worked hisselí up with the idea,

as to believe that he saw an "invisible hand" about to *The attempt of gov. T. to construe the instructions do mighty things! The notion of seeing an inrisille of gen. G. and direct their meaning, is among one of hand is quite familiar to the politicians oí 1755--1992, the oddest things that has happened.

&c. Ive heard of it every day, VOL. XXV II.

26.

"Georgia was!"_and the president of the United unless through another treaty to permit it, by exo States says that he shall noi, until September, 1926. punging or modifying the sth article, quoteil abore. I will briefly endeavor to show who is in the right: And what is all this bustle about? What differs

By the original compact between the United States ence can it make to the people of Gcorgia, whether and Georgia, in 1902, it was agreed that the former i they survey the land now or twelve months hence? should estinguish the Indian title to all the lands in None that is worth a moment's controversy, unless that state ons early as the same could be PEACEIBLY ob- ; it be that a quasi possession is desired, for the reason that tuined and on reasurable terms." This has been kept in the treaty is known to hare been obtained by bribery and good faith; and, up to the year 1917, no less than fraud, anul withoul the proper authority on the part of the 15,711,000 acres were acquired by the United States, Indians or that the immcdiate distribution of tickets for the use of the state of Georgia, at an expenditure in the lottery to dispose of the lands, may serve lo proof $7,735,243. No opportunity was ever suffered to mote the success of the governor and his party at the mremain urimproved to extinguish the Indian title, as suing election. I cannot apprehend any other than one stipulated; and the late treaty, until the idea began of these two things which should have created so to prevail that it was a grossly fraudulent one and great an excitement in Georgia: and am unwilling unauthorized, was glailly accepted by the govern- to admit that one or the other, or both together, are ment and people of the United States, though it very sutlicient in reason to violate the faith of the United materially interfered with what had been a favorite States, do away the supreme law of the land, as esscheme or both, from the administration of president tablished by the treaty-making power, or bring about Washington to the present time, for the civilization a civil war!!! So let the governor no longer stand of the aborigines of ou country.

by his arms." The treaty last made between the United States, (not Georgia), and the Creeks-inserted in the 66th INFORMATION WANTED. The "Tichmond Enquipage of the present volume, contains the following rer,” by way of offset asks, "who was secretary of article:

stale when the treaty, [with the Creeks), was made:” Art. 8. Whereas, the said emigrating party can- Why not ask who was secretary of the treasury? The not prepare for immediate removal, the United States last, we apprehend, had just as much 10 do with the slipiluie for their protection, against the encroachments, treaty as the first, for we have thought that the hostilities and impositions of the whites and of all others; whole business with the Indians was a cays commit. but the period of removal shall not extend beyond ted to the secretary of war, and suppose that it is still the first day of September, in il.e year eighteen hun. so, sceing that maj. Andrews, acting as a civil oficer dred and twenty-sis.

and special agent, never referred to or mentioned The language of this article is too plain to need any other of the secretaries as having issued orders any remark. Until the 1st day of September, 1826, to him, &c. But it may be otherwise-we ask, "just the Indians were to be protected against all encroach- for information," not because we believe that either Inents. The land was to remain for their own use, of the secrctaries was blameable on account of that subject to their own management and laws, for the treaty. time stipulated, as though it had not been ceded at all. No right to enter upon it was granted, any more NAVAL. COUNT MARTIAL. We shall publish some of the than had previously existed. The sovereignty of the papers that were laid before the court martial on the soil was yielded to the United States, (noi Georgia), irial of com. Porter,* and give the grave and solemn but the present possession was forbidden; and the ge- charges and specifications preserred against com. neral governmentstands pledged to prevent encroach-Stewart. These are among the most valuable and menes, hostilities and impositions on the Indians, esteemed ollicers of the navy, and we would that both while the possession is in them.

had escaped the suspicion of an offence that might Admit the treaty to have been lawfully exccuted on justify a charge against cither of them, eren of indisthe part of the Jodians--what has Georgia to do with cretion-much less of those things “noted dewn" ireland uatil the United States shall have performed against the last named gentleman; which, if estabits stipulations, and give up the possession to the state? lished, inust seriously affect his character, both as an Nothing-Georgia is no more a party in the treaty oficer and a man. We do hope, honestly hope and than Maine, except as to the ultimate sovereignty sincerely wish, that all these charges may be dissolrof the soil; and was not competent to make a bar- ed into thin air,” when refracted by truth. Com. guin with the chiefs sor a survey of the land, without Stewart, though less has been said of him than of ine consent of the United States, whose right it was some other distinguished officers in the nary, stands 10 judge and determine whether such survey was an hardly second to any other in any point, (and espeseveroachment," against which the nation had pro- cially as a scientific seaman), deemed essential to a mised to defend the Creeks. Can any stale have power high grade in his profession. to construe the lreolies of the United States--to give As to com. Porter, he is a great favorite with the them effect, or impede their operations. A man would American people--and, from what is stated by Mr be esteemed a lunatic that should gravely pretend to Monroe, was evidently such with the administration, it, after a short examination of the subject; and yet and if there was any desire to persecute him, either by an act was hurried through the legislature of Georgia the president or the secretary of the navy, it is yet to which assumes, or, at leasi, sanctions the use of such be shewn, or the declaration and the oath of the late a power! Il is a power that cannot exist. Both par- president must be set asıde as valueless—but the law ties to the treaty, (that is the limited States and the should be above every man, and the orders of those in Creeks), could not, (justly), grant the exercise of it, authority superior to the impressions of rigbt in those

whose business it is to obey; and no man is more a *It was thus thai a grand jury at Milledgeville found friend of subordination than the gallant commodore bills of indictment against certain persons for the himesif, as shewn on many occasions. Nothing dismuriler of McIntosh! They might as well have found honest was charged upon him; and, as to the "Forlike bills against the king of Great Britain for the ardo affair," a very honorable testimony is given and death of Napoleon. The sovereignty of the soil was approved, of his uprightness of intention. He was no not, is not, cannot be Georgia's, until Sept. 1826in any manner whatever. The governor, himself, ac *Since this article was prepared for the press, we knowledges this in his letter to the commissioners- find that the papers referred to cannot be goi into the sce page 413; hy referring to the Creek lands, as yet, present sheet, and must be postponed for our next npt within the jurisdiction" of Georgia.

number,

cessarily found guilty” of this charge, for he did not tenant, (Rigaud being subdued), was appointed to the alfect to deny the facts and the excuses offered, or command of the south. These chiefs soon became reasons preferred in extenuation of them, were duly jealous of one another and quarrelled--as, indeed, considered and readily accepted--go far as is shewp in might have been expected, from their different disthe finding of the couri; and it is probable that his sus-positions, the first being ferocious and tyrannical, pension for six months, (meant chiefly as a censure on the latter honest, amiable and accommodating; and, his conduct), was almosi exclusively the result of on the whole, really a good and great man, allowthe findings on the second charge-as to which, we ances being made for the peculiar circumstances in think, he himself will hereafter frankly admit that he which he was placed. A bloody civil war followed sullered his feelings to overwhelm his judgment. So Petion, being the weakest as to the number of his much a truly honest and heart-felt personal esteem adherents, was several times severely beaten, but for the commodore will permit me to say. No oficer never entirely defeated; and, at a moment when he in the navy las so many real friends in Baltimorc as was out-lawed and reported dead, he re-appeared he--no one rejoiced at the result of his trial, but the with new strength: Christophe, however, may be people, very gencrally, subscribe to its justice-re said to have reigned over the whole island, at this gretting the supposed necessity of the proceeding, and time, and he was proclaimed king, with great pomp, in yet noi disposce lo abate one particle of the affection. April, 1811, taking the name of Henryl. and he made ate regard in which they hold him, on account of his dukes, counts and barons, like any other “legitimate" long and zealous and faithful services to our country. sovereign, and he had his knights and orders in ample For myself, I never could see any reason for the form. But, soon after this, Petion gathered force great cxcitement which this trial has produced some enough to regain his hold in the south, and establishthings may have happened in "the ten miles square" ed himself, as an independent chief, at Port au Prince. to give it peculiar interest; but the public have regard On the fall of Napoleon and the restoration of the only to the general facts and the result--and believe Bourbons, measures were adopted to regain possesthat the first authorized and required the last, forsion of the colony-private agents were first sent out the preservation of discipline and the law, and the to sound the dispositions of the people, and, after good of that service in which the commodore hath them, envoys. held, (and, we trust, will long hold), a most conspicu King Henry, at first, seemed inclined to be in ous and highly responsible station, to his own satis- amity with France, but would not give up his sovec faction and the honor of his native land. The com- reignty--Petion was willing to recognize the authomodore has more to fear from his [pretended] friends rity of the "mother country," on certain conditions. than from his enemies--is, indeed, he has any of the Henry prepared for resistance--built a great fortress latter. He always has been, and ever will be prepar- in the mountains, and collected vast supplies of arms ed to meet the onc-but he cannot cither control or and military stores-he directed the seizure of the check the procecdings of the others.

envoys and got possession of one of them; ard, from The following is an extract from a letter of the the documents found on his person, discovered, or commodore, dated the 20th instant--"I have been pretended to discover, the most attrocious and crimitried and judged by my peers, and I bow with de- nal intentions of the French cabinet-on which he ference to their decision. I have endeavored, through- called upon the Haytiens to "exterminate their ene. out my trial, to defend my honor as became a man, mies” and consolidate the independence of their and I irust that I can bear my punishment without country, &c. Thus the hopes of France were dercpining. No one has yet heard mc murniur at my feated, and the return of Bonaparte from Elba, in sentence; and until they do, no apology appears ne- 1815, stopped all further proceedings. In the mean cessary for either the court or the prosecution. I do time, Petion, under the title of president, was mainnot e.cpress a doubt that striet justice has been dis- taining himself and rapidly gaining strength in the pensed to me."

south; but Henry was at the zenith of his glory-he

had about 320,000 subjects, a large rcvenue, a brilSTATISTICS or HATTI. "Touissani Louverture was liant court, and 40,000 meo always arıncd. A'rayal the first general-in-chief of the negroes after the mas- jalmanac" was published, in which all the great collis sacre, and the seat of his power was Cape Francois, were put down in noble form, and he possessed six since called Cape Henry, after the late king, and now splendid palaces, &c. &c. liis chief residence, at Cape Ilaytien: but Rigand had a strong party in the Sans Souci, was defended hy 360 pieces of heavy south, chiefly mulattoes, and Port au Prince, the pre- cannon, and its garrison was very numcrons. Here sent capital of the republie, was his head quarters. all his treasures were deposited--his crown, jewels, Gen. Leclerc, brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, and a large amount in cash, and it was also tos grand arrived in Hayii, in 1502, at the head of the most nu- depot of arms. His state coach cosi 18,000 dollars, merous and best appointed army that ever crossed and he had a “royal and military order of St. Henry!" the Atlantic. The fate of that expedition is well The court dresses of the queen and the princesses known-the greater part of the oficers and soldiers, are fully described in the REGSTER, Vol. X. page 282, including the general himself, fell victims to the cii- with the same pomp and precision as those of other mate, and the perpetual harrassings of the blacks. royal families; and, indeed, all things were filled for When Leclerc arrived, Christophe, afterwards king the foolery of king-craft. Early, in 1817, he refused to llenry, commanded at Cape Francois--he made a receive a letter sent him from an agent on board a. vigorous resistance, but was forced to retire before French frigate, because it was addressed to "general · the French; previous to this, lie fired the town and Christophe," and not “his majesty, bing Henry then joined Touissant with 3,000 men. The latter It was returned, unopened.* lis grand entry into was invcigled, and carried off by the French, and died Cape Henry is fully detailed in the REGISTER, Vol. XI, in France. Dessalines succeeded to the command, page 315, and an account of the pomp and ceremoand the French being soon after obliged to evacuate nies occupies to pages. At this time, l'etion, in the the island, he took the title of emperor and ruled the south, had about 20,000 men always under inmedipeople with much severity, Christophe, (who was a ale orders or arms. His great magazine, containing great man at court), and the late president, Petion, 209,000 pounds of powder, blev om, at Portau Prince, (then a popular general), were among his enemies on the 19th June, 1817. the negroes revolted from the dominion of the emperor, and he was killed, in the midst of his troops, on *He also refused or rejected an agent of the Unitthe 17th Oct. 1806. Christophe was then proclaimed cd States, sent out in the Congress frigate, in 1517, president and generalissimo, and Petion, as his lieu-for a want of etiquette--see Vol. XIII, page 206,

Both of the chiefs encouraged industry and pro- ; including the high lands, or mountains, planted with moted education, and commerce with their respective coffee trees. The general valuation of the lands, territories was pretty regular and safe--yet new dif- improvements and slaves, &c. was 1,500,000,000 ferences began between them. But Petion died on livres. In the year 1757, 30,939, and in 1789, 29,506 the 29th March, 1918, much regretted by his people, negroes were imported, and sold at about l.60 sterling who were exceedingly attached to him, and the se- each. natc c!ected gen. Boyer president, the present chief of all Hayti,' who immediately set himself serious from these facts-on the 31st I'ec. 1794, the British

The climate, as to Europeans, may be estimated ly to work to perfect the wise plans of his preder had 1,490, rank and file, at Port au Prince, and of cessor and ameliorate and improve the condition of those committed to his charge; and he invited per- that they had, at the same tine and place, only 407

these 738 were sick!—but of the “provincial troops sons of rolor to migrate to the “republic,” promising them peace and safety, with a full participation in all were sick out of 1,925. During the months of Authe privileges of the natives, &c.' Ile siso forbade gust, September and October not more than one third pirar y under the pain of death. An insurrection, sup

were fit for duty. posed to be instigated by king lienry, broke out at The original population of Ilayti was estimated, by Jeremie, in March, 1813, which, however, was pretty Las Casas, at three millions--bit probably this was soon suppressed. Shortly after this period, the Bri- an exaggeration: yet the slanghter and destruction of tish admiral, Sirllome Popham, dined with the duke the natives was terrible. It has been supposed that, of Marmelite, and paid his respects to the king, who in the year 1789, the whole population of the island received him very graciously.” The duties paid at was about 650,000 ---the census of 1824 gave an aggrethe cape produceri Tenry 235,500 dollars in 1919. gate of 935,000; which shews a great increase, nolIn 1820, it was reported that he had made an arrange- withstanding the exterminating wars that have been meni sith the British, to receive the negroes that carried on. The military force of the republie is they might capture, in slave-ships, at the rate of 45 given at 158,948 men--to wit 45,520 regulars and dollars per head, to increase his subjects--but, in 113,328 national guards; a force sufficient to insure October, of the last mentioned year, there was a ge- the independence of the republic against the power ncral insurrection of them, and he killed himself: of ang nation in the world, aided, as it ever must be, Boyer then marched to his late capital and took by the effects of the climatc. or the 15,000 troops peaccable possessio:), which he still holds and is not that the British employed in their service against likely to be deprived of-cither by interior commo- Hayti, in 1796 and 1797, not less than 12,000 or foue tion or foreign force. As to the last, the independence links died, and they lost abou: 5,000 seamen. Homof Hayti is established, on account of its climate, &c. pesch's hussars was reduced from 1,000 to 300, in ton

The great body of the Haylicns hare not much im- months, and the 96th regiment perished to a map: proved since the possession of the sovereignty was The Waytiens may, therefore, be regarded as never lost to France, but there is some improvement in al- to be conquered by the force of any European force. most every class of the people. Among those who

The present esports consist chiefly of coffeewere very young when the revolution happened, or 41,000,000 pounds were exported in 1821. The have been born since, there are many well informed quantiiy may be mightily increased and with great and accomplished persons. The number of such is

The sugar now made on the island is not so rapidly increasing, but it will be long before the much as the domestic consumption would require, il mass of those who were field-slaves, and their de- the article was to be had. The import of sugar and scendants, can be fitted to live under any other than a spirits is proliibited by heavy duties. strong government. These are much indisposed to labor, and do not appreciate the benefits of educa

There are no manufacturers in Hayti, according to tion as they ought. But the schools are numerous, known. No cloths are made in families. The com

the lisual meaning of the term. The loom is hardly and parents are compelled, we believe, to give up some of their childrens' time to attend them, when mon mechanics are pretty numerous, and their skill located within certain distances of their residences. is well spoken of- but the low state of agriculture

That wbich was the Spanish part of the island is yet makes every business dull; and the practice of purvery thinly people, a large part of it is covered with chasing such large amounts of provisions and clothforest trees of the greatesi size.

The soil of this dis-, ing of foreigners, must needs keep the people poor. trict is said to be the richest-at any rate, it has not

No white man can become a citizen of Hayii. The been exhausted by cultivation as that of the other pare retail shops are chiefly kept by females, who are more may bave been. Before the revolt, the annual ave- apt in business and more zealously attend to it than

the men. rage export, from the French part only, was about 140,70.),000!6s. sugar, 72,000,000lbs. coffee, 7,000,000

It was on the 21st of June, 1793, that a negro chief,

called Macaya, entered Cape Francois with an army lbs. cotton, 950,000lbs. indigo, 2,3,Doonhus. molasses, &c. and the white population was about 90,000, the of 3,000 revolted slaves. The slaughter of the white's frer people of color 24,000, and the black slaves now commenced- the butchery lasted till the 23rd. 480,000. The trade with Europe, aloc, employed 470 when the city was fired and one half of it consumed. ships, containing 112,000 tons, navigated by 11,000 men--and the export was valued at 172,000,000 livres, DIR. CLAY arrived at Washington about a week 1.4,956,780 sterling,* or about 22,000,000 dollars. The since. His youngest daughter, whom he left at Lequantity of land in cultiration, was 2,300,000 acres, 1 banon, O. with a prospect of her speedy recovery *Edwards' West Indies." The amount of livres thai place, and he knew not of it until he bad pearly

paid the great debl of nature four days after he left and pounds sterling, would shew that the livre was reached Washington. valued at about 7d. sterling. The livres are presumed to be in what he calls “llispaniola currency," and so the whole value of the lands and slaves, was GREAT CONFIDENCE. The Nashville Gazelle says, estimated at 43,750,000 pounds sterling, or 196 mil that a rumour is afloat, that the head chief of the lions of dollars, or about 30 millions more than the Creek nation, at the will of the council, has written lands and slaves of Virginia, in 1915.

a letter to general Jackson, saying—"f you say we +But we see it lately stated in the papers, that the must go, we will go; but, if you do not say we must whole of the part, lately ocded by France, contains go, the soldicrs of your government can kill us on only 2,500,000 acres.

our land, but their bayoneis cannot more us."

easc.

If so,

VERNONT. This mountain-state, though its area is means with great moderation--for, in the other, are not large or its soil or climate kind, is about to assume certainly included some of the noblest and the best a much advanced rank in the union. The hrave and citizens of the state; and, though we have believed hardy freemen who inbabit it are rapidly increasing, and said, from the first, that the whole of the "sclief and their intelligence, économy anil industry, will system” was wrong, and vitally at war with the intebe rewarded by prosperity and wealth. The canal, rests of the people of Kentucky, we would not abuse which unites lake Champlain to the Iludson, is com- those who thought differently--and, though the furiher pleted, and has incrcased the business of that part progress of the system” should be absolutely checkof the state, which lies west of the Green Mountains, ed at once, the cvils which have been insliciéd must many fold already; and the contemplated improve- be gradually healed, as with paternal care. ment, in thc navigation of the Connecticut river, the removal of them is certain--for the people will which washes the whole of the castern border, will, be recalled to the old-fashioned way of tilling the when accomplished, give to the people of thai divi- carth, or by some other profitable employment, to get sion of the state almost cqual facilities for access to money to pay their debts, instead of running to and the ports of the sea-board. The mountain tops are fro, and wasting their time at court houses and lawcorering with sheep,* and the pleasant vallies and yers' offices, to postpone the honest settlement of them. plains are filled with cattle--the thousand streams of The ardor of the context may be judged by what water, running in every direction, are beginning to his stated in the "Reporter”--that the governor, perbe applied to the great business of manufacturing sonally, headed his party at Frankfort, and that the iron, wool, &c. and the invaluable mines, with which chief justice of the new court" harangued the voters the state abounds, are no longer to be useless, because of Fayette county for three hours: yet Mr. Wickliffe that their products cannot be transported to mar was re-elecied io the state scenate, It is added, thot, ket. The Vermont iron, on account of its peculiar after the election, when Mr. W's friends were colqualities, is of real national importance, and the lected to regale themselves and congratulate one quantity is inexhaustible. The manufacture has not another on the result, a large quantity of Emelic Tartar hitherto been large, but it is about to become a great was introduced into the barrels of liquor, by which business. We observe also, that there is a copperas several hundred men were made sick, and the lives factory in the state, at which three hundred lons will of many seriously endangered. be made in the present year--and the mineral sup James Clark, formerly a member of congress, late ply is such that any amount to be required can be one of the judges of the old court of appcals, has been made.

elected to the next congress, in the place of Mr. Clay. If partiality can exist in my mind for the inhabi. To satisfy an inquiry that will naturally be inacle, it tants of any particular section of country, it is in fa- may be well to add, that judge Clark is a most decidvor of those who live in mountain districts-po mattered personal and political friend of his predecessor. whether in Vermont or 'Tennessee, or in the interme- Judge C's majority was 975 votes. diate parts: for it is among them that liberty will have a home, and a spirit of independence be cherished, if ever luxury and laziness shall fit the people

AN INGENIOUS TOAST, drunk at Nantucket on the of the lower lands of the United States for the domi- 4th of July: "The governor of New York-whose nion of a master.

collossal mind conceived the roble project of prac

tically uniting these states, by locking them together." KENTUCKS. After one of the most arduous political struggles that ever existeil in a state-judging by what

A TERRIBLE TOAST! Mr. Cuthbert, one of the memwe have seen in the newspapers, the "old court” or bers of congress, has been assailed in the newspa"anti relief" party, has succeeded by anover wheim- pers, because he left the table, on the late celebration ing majority. In the last legislature, fifty-four mem of the 4th of July, at Forsyth, Geo. on account of a bers were favorable to the new court," and forty- toast complimentary to gov. Troup; it having been four opposed to it.

In the next legislature, there understood and agreed that, to preserve the harmony will be a majority of about two to one in favor of of the company, local politics should not be introduced. the sold court," and against the relief system. So Thc toast was given by general Clias Beal, as follows: it is put down as absolutely certain, that the "new courl" will be abolished and the "old" one restored “George N. Troup, the ablc defender of state rights, to all its former powers. As the people have brought the steady friend of Georgia: his energy las secured this about, there cannot be, with the "new court to us the late cession of Indian territory.” party, any dispute as to the right of the matier. The Mr. Cuthbert then proposed and drunk the followivhole of the "relief system” will be abolished, as ing-after which he left the table: rapidly as the state of things will admit of--and Ken "George M. Troup-May he receive what he de. lucky presently resume her former prosperous march serves, the infamy due to erery man who attempts to in population, wealth and power. It is most earnestly excite civil war, and to destroy the union.” to be wished that the ascendant party will use its After Mr. Cuthbert bad retired, the following auful

toast was drunk*At the village of Middlebury it is estimated that

George M. Troup-May every hair in his head be a seventy lous of wool, were purchased by the merchants standing army, and every soldier be armed with a and sent to New York, Boston, &c. But yet the great thundering cannon, to drive his enemies to hell!" reliance of the town is on its own manufactories.

Now, on the very same day, and possibly at the Otter creck flows through it, and the following works very moment, that this annihilating toast-this toast are already in operation-3 four mills, 3 saw mills, 1 of all toasts” was gu!phed down, the following was furnace, 1 marble sawing mill, 1 paper mill, 1 oil mill, drunk at Salem, Massachusetts-? cotion factories, and a third building---one of them The state of Georgia-She will require more than is capable of holding 10,500 spindles !-4,500 spindles one Troup to dissolve the union, and a wiser head with 68 power loons, are now actually at work at than any Lumpkin possesses to cure her of the Creeks Middlebury. The business of Burlington is equally on her back." great and prosperous, and many of the smaller towns But a volume would not contain all the toastings and villages are doing a large business. Thic progress and roastings that Mr. Troup has received. He of these ihiogs, cannot be stopped. The personal and under the care of Doctor Gaines, and may be cured, pecuniary interest in them is too great to permit without either wdepletion or a straight jacket," as them any longer to be regarded with indifference. the "choice spirits"or the Hartford convention were,

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