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"THIRD SERIES.

No. 1-Vol. IV.)

BALTIMORE, MARCH 5, 1825.

[Vol. XXVIII. WHOLE No. 703

THE PAST-THE PRESENT--FOR THE FUTURE.

EDITED AND PUBLISHED BY H. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

ISP The matter for this day's Register has been and dispassionate review of certain late political held in a state of suspense, by the prospect of obtain- events, in the hope that, while all deference is paid to ang a copy of the inaugural address of the new pre-conflicting opinions, my inite may be contributed to sident: it was received by express. The editors of induce some more and more to love their country, the "American' politely supplied us with a copy, and and rally round its constitution and laws, as the ark We have the pleasure to lay it before our readers. of the common safety. See page 8.

Io our next paper we espect to give a list of all A NEW REPUBLIC! We give a detailed account of the acts passed at the late session of congress, and the late final proceedings in Peru, to the exclusion close our journal of its proceedings. A number of of some domestic articles, in a belief that the intelliimportaat papers, &c. however, will thereafter re- gence from that interesting country will warm the main for publication.

heart of every friend of liberty and the rights of man. Mr. Kremer has published a long address to his Thc long continued and desolating war for the emanconstituents, in support of his charges against Mr. cipation of South America, is at an end and the Clay; which has been followed by a statement made people of four republics, Colombia, Peru, Chili and by Mr. Brent, of Louisiana, of a conversation which Buenos Ayres, have nothing now to do, but to prohe had with Mr. K. (while the matter of the "card" ceed seriously to work to reduce into order and conof the last named was before the house of represen- solidate the principles which they have maintaine tatives), wherein Mr. K. declared that he never in- by the sword. Colombia has well performed the pari tended to charge Mr. Clay with corruption or dis- of an elder sister; and her noble chief, Bolivar, by honor," &c. This conversation was also heard by his disinterestedness and valor, may well be said to Mr. Little, of Maryland, and Mr. Digges, a citizen of hare “covered himself with glory." May he perseWashington, who have confirmed it. Having publish-vere-and, at the close of his useful life, like our own ed the “card” and all the other articles belonging to Washington, have the pleasure to behold the rich this unpleasant affair, we feel called upon to give Mr. fruit which the tree of liberiy bears, in the increasKremer's address and the opposing statement, thoughed and increasing happiness of his fellow-inen! sincerely regretting what appears to us the necessity of doing so; and with an apprehension also, that further Medals. On Saturday last, in the presence of a publications on the same subject may take up more number of gentlemen assembled for the occasion, the roon than it will be agreeable to our readers to have president of the United States presented the residue occupied with it. But the uniform practice observed of the medals voted to certain officers, in testimony of in the management of this work must be maintained the sense which the nation entertained of their servi-which is, that, in all matters of controversy, both ces in the late war. The ceremony was interesting, sides shall be treated impartially, whatever our own and the several addresses, with the replies given opinion of the case may be.

thereto, shall be preserved, as belonging to the histo.

ry of our country. The medals presented wereLPThe present state of our country is surely one To major generals Brown, Scott and Macomb; to on which the friend of man, in every clime, may con- general Jessup, for inajor general Hurrison; to Mr. gratulate himself. We have our own domestic pro- Houston, of Tennessee, for major general Quines; to ferences and prejudices, and differences of opinion Mr. Marvin, of New York, for major general Porler; about men and things—but still the system goes on to Mr. Webster, of Massachusetts, for brig. general and dispenses blessings to all the people of this widely Miller. General Gaines was provented from atiending extended republic, whether resident near the spowo by sickness. The others that were absent were not capt mountains of the north, or breathing the perfum- expected to have been present. ed air of the orange gruves of the south---whether! bordering on the broad Atlantic, or seated apon the THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. Judging by the late mighty rivers of the west; which, like arteries in the London papers, the messages of our president bave human body, give life and spirit to the extremes of become quite as interesting to the British people as the land. There are now four citizens living who have the speeches of their king are to us. This is certainly filed the presidential office, and successively wield- a great deal gained, when we recollect it has been ed all the patronage and power of that most honora- proudly intimated that America was seldom thought ble place, neither of whom has any more pretension of in England, except at Liverpool! And besides, the to influence, or party to support him if he aimed at manner in which Mr. Monroe's message, on opening possessing it, than other eminent citizens enjoy. In the late session of congress, is spoken of, is kind, jaying down the presidency they marched directly liberal and manly. Take the following brief extracts into the rank of citizens, and we have no jealousy of from two long articles which appear in the papers then. Their advice will always be respected as that named. of venerable fathers should be; but we are without The Times says It is not merely as the last mesapprehension of their porder to do evil to the republic, sage which Mr. Monroe will ever communicate in even if we could believe them disposed to sully the his character of president, that we consider this an reputation which they have gained. How much mat- interesting production. To a lover of humanity and ter for reflection is there in the facts here presented of public liberty, it possesses the valuable qualifica-in the occurrences that lately took place in the tion of describing an amount of national prosperity, election of a new president--in the peace and pros- enjoyed by a people who speak our language and are perity of the people at large—in the march of mind cemented to Englishmen by a common blood and and progress of improvement-in short, in the gene- lineage, superior to all that has been recorded of any ral triumph of our institutions over the fears of their community on earth. Towards foreign states, the friends and the predictions of their enemies! president indulges a spirit of uniform and impartial

It is my intention to speak of these things at con- good will. Aloof from the anxieties and heart-burnsiderable length, in which shall be embraced a cool ings of the old world, be diselaims all share in those

Vol. XXVIII.

systems of policy which engage, combine, or distract LPWe most heartily greet the good feelings mathe European powers. The balance of power in Eu- nifested in the preceding extracts, and will gladly rerope is declared to be a thing indifferent to America. ciprocate them. Circumstances have placed the UnitThe growth of the new republics, near neighbors to ed States and Great Britain in many and severe points the United States, the sympathy between their re- of opposition, and old prejudices are not easily respective institutions, are dwelt upon with natural moved: and, if there have been too strong attachments esultation by Mr. Monroe; and we are happy to see, in some of our people, whereby the antipathies of he reiterates the maxim that no enemy from Europe others were too strongly excited, it is equally cer' ought to be permitted by the United States, to molesttain that we have not been treated by Englishmen or disturb the independence of South America with with that degree of respect which our rank among impunity. It is announced as a reasonable expecta- the nations of the earth, and our condition as the best tion, that Portugal will shortly recognize the sove customer that they had, have undoubtedly deserved. reignty of Brazil. England is spoken of in terms of It is no matter what has brought about this apparent cordial respect and amity. The abolition of the slave change it is sufficient that it has taken place, and trade is pronounced to be an object “pear the heart" we are glad of it. "England with all her faults," of both nations."

'now is the citadel of liberty in Europe-the only It commends him also, for the manner in which he power competent to obstruct the march of barbarism spoke of Lafayette-and, after noticing the reception in the old world, as devised by the "holy alliance;" of the general by congress, adds—“Who does not and she acknowledges that which they all reject envy Lafayette's feelings, and still more the feelings the right of revolt in an oppressed people. See the of those who did him this homage? Upon the whole, subsequent article. the speech of the American president would repay the most studied and profound attention; and, as we THE SOUTHERN REPUBLICS. A London paper of have already hinted, might be taken as a useful model the 4th January says—"The following is the substance for great personages in other parts of the world, when of the communication made by Mr. Canning to the they profess to enlighten their subjects by a royal foreign ambassadors: "That, in consequence of the view of the national interests and concerns." repeated failures of the application of his majesty's

The Public Ledger speaks of the message even more government to the court of Spain, relative to the rewarmly, and remarks—"It is, as usual, a glowing cognition of the independent states of South America, picture, though as free from exaggeration as possible, his majesty's servants have come to the determination of the influence which good institutions, with a wise to send charge d'affaires to the states of Colombia, government, hare upon the lot of a people. Their Mexico, and Buenos Ayres, and to enter into treaties good effects are so perceptible in the present instance, of commerce with those respective states, on the that they offer a most triumphant refutation of the basis of a recognition of their independence." miserable sophistries which issue occasionally from The “Courier" highly approves of those proceedthe imperial presses of Vienna and St. Petersburgh. ings of the British cabinet, and says that they have If we compare the situation of the Americans, as it is been officially communicated to all our allies, described in the simple language of their president's through our ambassadors and ministers at their re message, with that of the subjects of their imperial spective courts.” majesties, how the contrast strikes us; whilst it con The French papers continue to complain of the firms those political predilections which we share in British act with respect to South America. The common with all freemen. In one country, we see Etoile says, "the principles of Austria, Russia, and cvery thing having a tendency to make man what his Prussia, as well as France, are at variance with what Creator intended him to be, lending itself to this grand Britain has done. If her object be commerce, France social consummation-universal education cherished; never will consent that she stipulate for exclusive industry encouraged; person and property enjoying privileges. Considered in a political point, England the most perfect protection; and the population in- has committed a dangerous act by the example which creasing with a rapidity to wbich we can find no pa is thus given to her colonies.” rallel, and, what is extraordinary, without the vice or [It is stated in the Paris papers, that the king of the misery with which it is too often accompanied in Netherlands will follow the lead. of Great Britain, in other countries. We may use this language now, in acknowledging the independence of the South Amespeaking of the Americans, without hurting the pre- rican republics.) judices or the pride of a single Englishman; for their prosperity, instead of proving a source of alarm to FRANCE AND COLOMBIA. A letter from St. Barthous, has materially contributed to our own; whilst lomew's, dated the 8th February, received at New their emulation in the arts which we cultivate in com- York, says—“I presume that you have heard that the mon, has served only to call forth the energies of French government has made a demand on the Veneour national character."

zuelean government at Puerto Cabello, for property “Their foreign policy, as it regards Europe, con- captured and carried into that port, and condemned sists, according to the message, in cultivating peace under their flag, and that the said place is declared to and friendship alike with all nations, and in carefully be in a state of blockade, (until it is given up), by a abstaining from all interference in their disputes.frigate, two brigs and a schooner. A 74 is waiting the But this abstinence does not extend to transactions, result at St. Pierre's, Martinique, ready to go, in case where European and American interests are mingled; the demand shall not be complied with, and detain and here the message takes a lofty, though not an as- all Colombian property until full satisfaction is obtainsuming tone. It states distinctly, that any attempt to ed. We have a Colombian privateer which arrived interpose by force in the affairs of the new states of the here on the 6th instant, from Laguira, and brings Asocrican continent, will be regarded as hostile to the news for your government. I understand they perinterests of the United States. This important de- mit neutral vessels to come cut, but done to go in." claration is made without the slightest air of bravado, but it will tell better on this account; and the simple AFRICA. The brig Hunter sailed about a month and almost indirect manner in which it is made will since from Norfolk, for Liberia, the seal of the encourage no European power to slight it. In speak- African colony. She had on board sixty-seven emiing of the relations with those new states, the mes- grants, several of whom had been emancipated by sage contains no novelty, except a hope that it ex- their masters, that, in the land of their ancestors, they presses that Portugal will speedily recognize the in- might assist in the building up of a nation of free dependence of Brazil."

blacks. We heartily wish success to this project, and,

if the happiness of the people who proceed thither is present, there being upwards of 250 sail, nearly all of advanced, it cannot fail to do good, and must be grate. which are loading, or engaged to tako cargoes to the ful to every feeling mind: yet, we are apprehensive numerous ports in the world." that it cannot have any sensible effect as to an accomplishment of the great thing aimed at-a reduc PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN THE U. States. From tion of the colored population in the United States. the synodical and presbyterial reports presented to

the general assembly at their last session, it appears

that there are under the care of the assembly, is syThe FRANKLIN INSTITUTE, of the state of Pennsyl- nods, 77 presbyteries, 1,979 congregations, 1,027 mivania, has offered a long list of handsome premiums, nisters. The number of vacant congregations is 789; for the best specimens of no less than eighty-two dif- licentiates 173; candidates 195. The number of comferent branches of manufactures to be exhibited municants added during the past year is 10,431, and at Philadelphia in October next. This valuable the whole number of communicants 114,955. The society has already been exceedingly useful in excit-number of adult baptisms during the year has been ing a generous spirit of emulation, and, undoubtedly, | 2,120, and of infant baptisms 15,942. The amount of acquires strength as it goes on.

collections for missions $6,995; for commissioners'

fund $2,692; for the theological seminary, $1,465; CREEK INDIANs. Private letters received at Wash. for presbyterial fund, $370, and for education fund, ington, from Georgia, state that the commissioners of 7,938 dollars. As the reports are made only once in the United States have succeeded in making a treaty four years, we shall have no further returns till the with the Creek Indians, by which they have reed year 1823. to cede and relinquish the title to the whole of their .lands within the limits of the state of Georgia.

PASSENGERS. A statement is annually laid before

congress, by the secretary of state, (says the National Cotton begins to be cultivated in considerable Journal), showing the number of passengers that quantities in Virginia. It is stated that some plan- have arrived in the United States, from all foreign ters, not far from Richmond, appropriate from 20 to countries, during the preceding year.

This state100 acres of land annually to the growth of this sta- ment is made up from the returns of collectors of ple. When the history of this valuable plant, in our the customs, and exhibits, not only the rumber of country, is recollected, we ought not to be surprised the passengers, but also the age, sex and occupation if it shall be advantageously raised much farther of each, if known. north.

From the report, submitted on Monday, it appears

that the whole number, (including American citiMARYLAND. The legislature of this state adjourn- zens), that arrived in the United States, during the ed on Saturday last. The “Jew bill,” as it is called-year ending on the 30th of September last, amounted or a bill to alter the constitution so as to relieve per- to 8,560, viz: sons from political disqualifications on account of their

Males. Females. Age and sex, Total. Teligious opinions, has again passed both branches of

not stated. the legislature-in the house of delegates by a vote of Ist quarter, 1823, 1,391 281 365 2,037 26 to 25; only 51 out of 80 members being present.

Ist do. 1824, 817 101

128 1,056 Before it is effective it must be passed by the next suc

2d do. do. 1,919 522 531 2,972 ceeding legislature. A law abolishing the imprison

3d do. do. 2,095

617

783 3,500 ment of females for debt has also passed, as well as a supplement to the usury law in favor of bona fide hold

Total 6,222 1,526 1,812 9,560 ers of negotiable securities, where those securities [Of the preceding it is probable that not more than have been tainted with usury in their inception. 5,000 persons came under the class of emigrants. If

to these be added 1,000 more, who have come to the FLORIDA. A census of Florida has been ordered United States, by way of the Canadas, we have by the territorial government. The St. Augustine about the whole amount gained by emigration for the paper says, that such has been the recent influx of last year: during which, it may be calculated, that population, that it will be found that Florida is en we have lost at least 3,000, by removals to various titled to claim admission as one of the states. parts of the world, and on account of the wandering

habits of seamen. The real gain, by emigration, is a CANADA. The population of Upper Canada, amounts small matter compared with the patural increase of to 151,097 souls. The excess of males over females the population of the United States-Ed. Reg.) is 6,581. New-ORLEANS. Extract from a letter dated Jan.

COTTON. From a letter from a mercantile house 13--"At present this place is all business and bustle, at Havre, we gather the following particulars as to in consequence of the immense quantity of cotton the importation of cotton) for the years 1822, 1923

and 1824. which arrives here daily, I may say hourly. There are no less than 16 or 20 steam boats, averaging

Quality.

1822. 1823. IS24.

Louisiana about 50 horse power, and bringing from the upper

bales, 35,468 32,968 35,392 countries from 300 to 1,500 bales each, weekly. To- Upland.

37,475 46,071 Sea island

1,715 bacco, sugar, rice, &c. also arrives here plentifully;

2,462

4,240 Brazil

15,098 but cotton is the principal article raised on the coast

34,691 28,1

*340 10,251

15,027 of the Mississippi for upwards of 500 miles from the All other mouth of the river. From the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers, we have also extensive arrivals of

117,561 143,260

119,608 cotton. On the same day on which the cotton ar

Slock31st Decembem in each year. rives, it is nearly all bought up by the merchants, who Louisiana

2,462 2,132 are from all parts of the world. It is all sold for Upland

5,796

8,407

306 318 cash, credit on cotton being entirely out of the ques- Sea Island

856 tion. For six months in the year there is no place in Brazil

2,893 the world where business is carried on to such an ex. All other

1,909 1,920

1,773 tent and on such favorable terms to the disposer. "Our port cshibits a grand display of vessels at

12,652 17,944 13,921

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2,744 3,800

7,548

753

LIVET.POOL. A late paper, published in this town, I PHILANTHROPIc. It will be seen by the subjoined says--The number of vessels reported at our custom correspondence, which a friend has transtuitted to us bouse, for the last six months, is 5,260, viz:

from Gibraltar, that the American naval commander From foreign ports, 2,054) Tonnage.

in the Mediterranean, the worthy commodore CreighIreland 1,525 $636,601 tons.

ton, made a humane attempt last autumn, to rescoe Coasters, 1,681

some of the Spanish patriots from the fangs of their

oppressors. Though the Spanish general O'Donnell, 5,260

was not then under the necessity of shedding blood, In the half year ending, June 24th, 1924.

he was not long afterwards employed in that work by Foreign, 4,151; Ireland, 2,200; coasters, 3,650; to- orders from the court. Our correspondent writes tal, 1,000 vessels. Tons, 1,180,917.

thus, under date of Gibraltar, December 15th, 1824.

(Nat. Gaz.

“There are many of these unfortunate beings, the NEW STEAM ENGINE. The Newport Mercury states Spanish constitutionalists, in this bay. Driven from an experiment has just been made in crossing Bris- Spain and not being admitted to land in Gibraltar, tol ferry, with a steam engine without a boiler, in- they are compelled to remain on board of small vesvented by Mr. John Babcock, of Portsmouth, Rhode sels in the bay, wherein they subsist chiefly by the Island. The esperiment was rompletely successful, bounty of strangers and the fish they catch alongside. and we, (says 'the Providence Journal), shall be Among them are colonels and various officers of dismuch gratified if its practical utility can be com- tinction, with their families, without means to go to pletely established. Gentlemen, however, in whose any other country. This spectacle would harrow alknowledge of mechanical principles we have much

most any heart." confidence, express doubts of the success of this invention. The following is the description of the en

Gibraltar Beyonce AB, 1 824.} gine:

“Your ExcellENCY_I have heard with deep con"The substitute for a boiler, of a ten horse power cern, that a number of Spanish subjects are to be engine, consists of two sections of cast iron tubes, shot to death tomorrow, at Algeziras, for having ole inch thick, each 16 feet in length, in lengths of committed an offence against the laws of Spain, the 34 feet, and averaging linch bore, and containing justice of which punishment, I will not presume to about 3 gallons, placed horizontally in a small fur-call in question. Should it however be in your exnace, 3} by 41 feet and 3 feet high; the end of one cellency's power to pardon these unfortunate and tube enters into the top of a cylinder 61 inches in deluded men, mry I ask, in the name of humanity, diameter; the end of the other enters into the bottom; that this act of clemency may be extended towards the other ends go out on opposite sides of the fur them, and whether the examples already made, will nace, and to each is attached a small forcing pump, not answer the ends of justice?-But, if your excelone inch in diameter, and they are alternately work- lency cannot pardon, may I hope that you will posted by gearing attached to the cross head-thc cylinder is also enclosed in the furnace, and the lengih of pone the execution

of their dreadful sentence, until i

can write to the minister of the United States, at the strokes of the piston is 2 feet 2 inches-the mo- Madrid, that he may intercede with his most Cathotion is communicated by shackle-bars, in the usual lic majesty, in behalf of these miserable men. Spare way, and there is no variation from the common con. them, I beseech your excellency, and stop the arteries struction of a high-pressure engine-to set it in mo- of Spanish blood, which has already been so abuntion, a fire is made in the furnace with a few sticks of dantly shed, and let Spain repose with her children, small wood, or a bushel of coal, and when the tubes but not destroy them. I appeal to your excellency are heated, only three cubic inches of water is inject- with confidence, having heard much of your exceled from the forcing pump upon the hot iron, and is lency's mild and excellent character. instantly converted into steam; a valve, at the same

“I beg your excellency to accept the assurance of time, weiug open in the cylinder, it forces down the my very high consideration and respect. piston; the other pump then forces the same quan

(Signed)

John ORDE CREIGHTON, tity into the tube, another valve is opened, and the

Commanding the United Stales ships and vessels piston ascends, and it continues to operate with una

cruising in the Mediterranean. bated vigor, as long as it is supplied with water--the “To his excellency General O'Donnell, commander in chief number of strokes made by the piston, in a minute, is

of the royal Spanish troops, Algeziras.” about 40, while propelling the boat; and the quan

"Sir--I have received your kind letter, dated yestity of water then used, is only a gallon in 4 minutes -- it is necessary that it should be fresh water, as the terday, by which you solicit the pardon of some untubes are so small that they get clogged by either salt fortunate Spaniards, whom you suppose under sen. or sediment; but this is no objection, as, by adding a tence of death, and to be executed to-day. coudenser, nearly the whole can be retained, and we

“I hasten to inform you, sir, that such news, reportbelieve it will be found to combine the four requi-ed to you at Gibraltar, is without foundation, and that

I am not for the present, under the unpleasant necessites, cheapness, simplicity, strength and utility of a perfect machine. The whole space occupied by it sity of shedding human blood, by the authority of the does not exceed that of a small tea-table, and the laws. But should I unfortunately be obliged to recreer may be indefinitely enlarged, without much in- sort, again, to such a repugnantand dreadfui step, inere the size; and, with few alterations, it can be tended to repress atrocious crimes, I have no authoeasily an nted to any engine now used."

rity to stop or suspend the execution of the sentence, The editor the Newport Mercury, in announc- which your interference greatly deserves. May your

although desirous to show you, sir, the consideration ing this inventio remarks we have so often given life bc long preserved. credence to accomts of engines and improvements, that have been found to be wrong in principle, and

(Signed)

Joseph O'DONNELL. useless in practice, hat we have forborne to an

"Algeziras, 26th October, 1824. nounce the present one, intil it had passed the ordeal

To the commander of the United States of successful experiment-hut we now firmly believe

ships in the Mediterranean." that the experiment of yesteway, has forever settled Annexed is the answer given by the bashaw of the question, that steam may to generated in quan- Tangiers, in the name of the emperor of Morocco, to tities sufficient for any power, without the aid of a the demand made by the Spanish governinent, tha: boiler."

“the vassals of his most Catholic majesty," who had

(

FOREIGN NEWS.

taken resuge in Barbary, should be delivered up. fraging 45 persons. This gives an annual reward to The emperor wrote to the bashaw—"Thou hast done each person, including men, women and infants, well in pot giving up the Spaniards—they have taken amounting to 43 dollars 58 cents. The average inrefuge under our Aag and must be protected.” The come of each member of the NOBILITY is estimated, by barbarian and infidel monarch appears to great ad- the same author, at 44,444 44 dollars, being upuards vantage in contrast with the royal dominion of the of nine hundred times as much as the average income of holy alliance

each individual in laboring families. The average inAnswer of the Basharo.

come of the bishops is 22,244 dollars, or about 460 “His majesty cannot, for a moment, entertain the times as much as each individual of laboring families

obtains. idea of delivering up the persons who came to his dominions, placing trust and confidence in a monarch, A tax of one per cent. on all property would pay the just and beneficent, who respects the precepts of God principal of the public debt of Great Britain in less given through his prophet.

than twenty years.

(Dem. Press. "If the men claimed by the king of Spain be offenders against the laws, his majesty should suspend their punishment until he be firmly seated in his throne; Great Britain and Ireland. From London papers to and when that period arrives, the emperor will have the 16th Jan. It seems now perfectly understood that a direct understanding with the king of Spain, who the independence of Mexico and the South American may then demand them, for it is the duty of sove states has been, or is about to be, recognized. reigos to respect and attend to each other's wishes. alf the king of Spain considers these men as of- rican 3's 80; U. S. bank shares l.24 10s.

Stocks, 15th Jan-3 per cent. consols 93 3-8; Amefenders, because they have not opposed destiny, be it so:-Other kings there are, and friends too of the plosion in a coal mine at Middletown, hy the impru

Twenty-two persons have been killed by an exking of Spain, who do not look on them in that light, Idence of one of the workmen in taking off the top of and would, moreover, have wished them to have

a safety-lamp: taken refuge in their territories, where they would

Mr. Rothschild has taken the remainder of the have been protected.

Brazilian loan-two millions sterling. “The emperor is a lover of clemency, and is not

T'he abundance of money in England has caused a a stranger to the principles of justice; and, therefore, rage for speculation, in any and almost every thing, he cannot, without offending God, by breaking the begond all precedent. A London paper of the 10th commands of his prophet, accede to the wishes of his Jan. says-Not even the South Sea Bubble, when at friend, the king of Spain."

its extreme height, presented such scene of insane

eagerness, as that which now prevails in the foreign SLAVE TRADE. According to the last annual report mining fever. On Saturday, shares in the Real del of the London African institution, (for 1824), in one Monte mines, on which 1.70 are paid, were sold at year, 1822, there were shipped from Africa, for Rio 1.1,250! To-day, they have been current at 1,500 Janeiro, 31,240 negroes, of whom 3,484 died on the guineas and not to be had— buyers eager. A noble passage. Into Bahia, above 8,000 were imported the earl, coming to the prudent resolution of realizing, is same year. In 1823, the total number shipped for confidently said to have sold, on Saturday, 110 shares Rio alone, amounted to 21,472, of whom nearly 1,800 at 1,300 guineas each. Assuming the fact, as stated, died on the passage; and there is reason to think that a clear profit of l.140,000 sterling, is thus sacked, by there was at least an equal importation into the other a nobleman already possessing one of the largest Brazilian ports, attended by an equal mortality. In landed and personal properties in the kingdom! And, the first six months of 1824, the number imported in- from what pockets are these enormous sums extractto Rio Janeiro alone, was not less than 26,563, with a ed? Those of the credulous part of society, who, mortality of 2,247. The trade for Brazil is carried on sighing over the reduction of interest, consequent north as well as south of the line, in spite of treaties on the prosperous condition of the country, are Brazil ought to be outlawed by the civilized world tempted to indulge in a species of speculation that for ber obstinacy in thus openly continuing and en- may be justly termed insane. From all parts of couraging this sell traffic.

the country, orders pour in upon the bankers for inThe last number of the Edinburgh Review accuses vestments in these bubbles, which, sooner or latter, the French government of still conniving at the equip will swallow up the property of thousands of inment and escape of French slave vessels. It calcu- dividuals, who now indulge in glittering visions, lates that "about 40,000 wretched Africans were worthy only of the inmates of a certain great house carried away in a short period by the connivance of situate in St. George's Fields. In the bubble market, the most Christian king's government, notwitstand- the performers may be divided into two classes--ing his laws and treaties,” and supposes that of these the fores and the geese-the former raise the bubble, forty thousand, above 9,000 must have perished mise- which the latter seize with all the gullibility of their rably on the royage.

species.

The British revenue is in a most prosperous conPROPERTY AND INCOME IN GREAT BRITAIN. In

dition, and increasing. The abundange of profitable 1814, the whole amount of property in Great Bri- employment causes the taxes to be easily paid. tajn and Ireland, as estimated by Mr. Colquhoun, was Spain. It is stated that the inquisition is about to 2,736,640,0001. equal to 12,150,671,600 dollars, or be re-established. It is an institution exartly suited twelve thousand one hundred and fifty millions, six to the gloomy and remorseless mind of Ferdinand, hundred and seventy-one thousand six bundred dol- the perjured. Arrests are daily making, on the lars: being nearly six times as piuch as the value of most trivial pretences, and the prisons are kept full. the public debt at that time. The total annual in- Blood flows freely. Twenty-two thousand French come of the people of Great Britain and Ireland, at troops are to remain in the kingdom to support the the same time, was estimated at 1,919,412,000 dollars, king in his terrible measures. It happens that whule or nineteen hundred and nineteen millions, four hun-companies of accused persons are sent to the gallies dred and twelve thousand dollars.

or the scaffold, without suffering witnesses to be heard The average annual income of the laboring people in their defence! of Great Britain and Ireland, in other words, the re Russia. The emperor bas addressed a rescript to ward for a year's labor, is estimated at 464 pounds the minister of ecclesiastical atlairs, charging him to sterling, or 206 dollars 46 cents, for each family are-l exercise the most rigorous surreillance over all pub

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