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longed to the representatives of the states. It was, "H." and which is now travelling about, a Sinbadweli, he said, that persons should differ in opinion, that story: This officer of the southern army may be astruth might be the more certainly ascertained-but, certained when I reach Nashville; and, when he is, it he added, with that earnestness and foree which is is quite probable, he will be found to be some tool peculiar to him, we should always recollect that, in main- who has sold his signature. taining our oien opinions, we naturally grant the right to I am very certain that, at Washington, Pa. in Noothers of supporting theirs, or lose erery pretension to re-vember last, I saw no individual, a former officer publicanism: and he further remarked, it was a matter with me, and I am also equally certain, that I hare of small moment to the people who was their presi- never, in my life, uttered any such sentiments as are dent, provided he administered the government right- ascribed to me in that letter. They are a fabrication fully.
from beginning to end. Neither general Call, nor Opinions like these were familiar to gen. Jackson. Mr. Donnelson, who were with me, recollects any No doubt, circumstanced as he was, he desired to be such individual. They well remember that I arrived elected-and who should not? but it would not be an at Washington, Pa. in the evening, much indisposed, easy thing to make one believe that either he or Mr. and departed early the next morning. Adams could have descended to any act of meanness, Washington, [Penn.) seems to be a fatal place: it or dirty intrigue, to have obtained that most honor- will be recollected by you that sundry reports grew able station. His whole conduct, after the election, out of my meeting there, last year, gov. Edwards; was stamped with a magnanimity as distinguished while, as I came back, Mr. "II.” was there. You as' the moderation of his successful competitor bas may be assured, however, that the inhabitants of that been remarkable: and those who ought to be the place have nothing to do with these tales; they chebest acquainted with the facts, certainly believe that rish no hypocrites; nor do they countenance those there is a great deal of good feeling existing between miserable attempts against my character. The citithe parties just named. They were competitors, ri- zens there have treated me with the utmost attention vals, if you please, but not enemies.
and kind feeling. The time has nearly arrived when a dispassionate Your friend,
ANDREW JACKSON. history of the late election may be written, with a hope that the various circumstances that attended it,
The legislatures of New York and from first to last, will be dispassionately considered; Pennsylvania, alive to the subject of internal improveand, believing that I have some knowledge of the ment generally, are acting to improve the navigation principles which influenced many things that happen- of their rivers. The majestic Hudson carries the tide ed, as well as of the events that occurred, it is my 170 miles above New York-more than twice the design to review the whole business at large-with length of any European river, though it runs through an assurance that I shall be able to convince, at least a mountainous district. For 142 miles out of the 170, myself, that, however individuals may have been dis- and to the city of Hudson, it is navigable by the large appointed, the people of the United States have much est ships—but, at the "Overslaughs, about ten miles reason to congratulate themselves on the peaceful below Troy, (at which the sloop navigation ends), efficiency of their constitution. And it is high time by deposites of sand, in consequence of the meeting that vituperation should stop. The election is over- of the current and the tide, as at a contending point, the principles on which it was sustained and decid it frequently happens that the large steam boats and ed, are legitimate subjects for discussion-but the sloops are detained. A canal is thought of to relieve calling of hard namnes can only produce injury at home, the navigation of this difficulty; but, at present, 9,000 and lessen our respectability abroad.
dollars a year, for three years, have been appropriate Let us not wantonly depreciate the character of ed to ascertain what can be done by excavations. our great men. Their reputation is national property. The legislature of Pennsylvania has appropriated Kings can make nobles as fast as they pleasca dozen thirty thousand dollars for improving the navigation at a batch; but such men as Messrs. Adams, Jackson, of the Susquehannah river, from York Haven to NorClay, Crawford and Calhoun, cum multus aliis, are not thumberland. The steam boat, which is building at to be made by kings! We may approve or disapprove Baltimore, to ply upon this noble stream, between the of either of them for the presidency, or any other points just named, is nearly finished. particular office; but they are an honor to our coun It is believed that the Delaware may be made nari. try, and every good man is bound to defend them so gable for small vessels or steam boats to Milford, in far as he can, consistently with the superior duty Pike county, which is only a few miles distant from which he owes to the republic. Let all such be closely the line between Pennsylvania and New York, in watched let their conduct be carefully examined; which last named state, the Delaware, as well as the but let us not abuse them on slight grounds, or con- Susquehannah, rises. The adjacent country is rich demn them without decided evidence of wilful wrong. in timber and minerals; and the legislature secms reTheir well-earned popularity should not be breathed solved that a market shall be opened for them. away by the whispers of too ardent partizans; and it ought always to be present in our minds, that "truth is Tue Creeks. It appears that the excitement among a victor without violence." If the government is well the Creeks, on account of the late treaty, are, by administered, according to the terms of the constitu- | no means, so great as rumor has represented it to be: tion, it is no matter whether A. B. or C. is at the head and the prospect is that they will settle down quietly. of it; and the people, in general, can feel very little interest if D. E. or F. have been disappointed or not, SPECIE. A large quantity of specie lately arrived as to the offices which they expected to obtain, at Alvarado, from England, on account of the loan through the success of their particular favorite. made to Mexico--and now we see that a British fri
PSince the preceding was in type, we have met gate has arrived at Havana, with 700,000 dollars, from with the following and should, thereupon, have left Tampico. The bankers sent it out, and the merout the whole article, but for the reason that some chants are fetching it back. may, hereafter, be curious to know what was said, as coming from "Mr. H."
The North CAROLINA 74. The officers attached Extract of a letter from general Andrew Jackson to to this noble vessel, (which has just sailed for the maj. John H. Eaton, dated
Mediterranean), are, 1 eommodore, 2 captains, 10 Wheeling, Fa. March 23, 1825. lieutenants, 1 surgeon, 4 acting surgeons' mates, 1 DEAR SIR: I have this moment received your lefter purser, I chaplain, 17 midshipmen and I acting do.; of the 17th inst. enclosing a conrersation with Mr.li masier, boatswain, gunner, carpenter and sail
maker; 1 commodore's secretary, and 2 captain's | a man's arm, with which he beats the poor slave for clerks, and 1 schoolmaster; 1 captain and 2 lieuts. his amusement. I assure you I have seen, I may say, of marines—and 3 supernumerary lieuts. Rodgers a thousand instances of this kind of a morning. is the commodore, and Patterson and Morgan the There is hardly a slave here that has not his head captains. It is espected that she will not return un- covered with scars, and bound up with a handkertil after a three years cruise.
chief, and almost every step you take, you perceive
the stains of blood upon the pavement, wbich, I am “Mother Britain.". We insert an account of a assured, by governor Hancock himself, is that of the feast at New York, in honor of the late conclusive negroes. I have seen a lady of the first distinction victory in Peru, and give the speech of the British here, walking the Mall, as it is called, with a stout consul prefalory to the toast which he offered on black fellow behind her, and occasionally amusing that occasion, being one of the invited guests. The herself with turning round and scratching his face tiii tone of it is very different from that which, but a it is covered with blood; the Mall is a place of about short time ago, was too common to Englishmen, an acre, covered with dust, with a few rotten elms, when speaking of us and our country; and even yet and a puddle in the centre. Even the little children we have much to condemn in the conduct of some of here are initiated into human blood almost as soon them, who cannot suppose, or, at least, will not ad- as they are able to walk; and the common amusemit, that there is any good thing belonging to us or ment of young persons, is to stick pins in the black the land that we live in. But we believe that the attendants, while every body has a little negro, of British people, in general, have lost their relish for about his own age, to torture for his pastime. the miserable stuff with which pretended tourists The blacks here, as I was assured by his excellency through the United States supplied them—notwith the governor, whose name is Hancock, have but one standing the “Quarterly Review” and “Courier,” meal a-day, which is pripcipally potatoes, and fare and other publications, which exhibit a brutal de- little better than the miserable Irish or English pevotion to kings and priests, still persevere in abusing santry at home. The governor told me a story of a us. However, we can laugh at such things now. man who tied his black servant naked to a stake, They are like the stale and oft-repeated jests of "the in one of the neighboring cane-brakes, near the city, clown" to a rope-dancer, and worth no more. All which abound with a race of moschetoes that bite Europe knows what we are, and appreciates what we through a boot. Here he was left one night, in the skall be;—and it is envy, mixed with fear, that yet month of December, which is a spring month in this gires some small currency to the lies which ragrant climate, and the next morning was found stone dead, Englishmen have manufactured about us. These withoui a drop of blood in his body. I asked if this folks are becoming unfashionable even at home, and brutal tyrant was not brought to justice? The gothe time is not far distant, perhaps, when the veriest vernor shrugged up his shoulders, and replied that "John Bull” that lives, will begin to believe that the he was now a member of congress! people of the United States really walk on two feet, To an Englishman, who is only accustomed to see and eat and drink and sleep, and dwell in houses, white men in a state of slavery and want; it is shockpretty much like himself!
ing to see black ones in a similar situation. My A work has lately appeared called “John Bull in heart bled with sympathy for the wrongs of this inAmerica, or the new Munchausen.” The well known jured race, and I could not sufficiently admire the Mr. Paulding is supposed to be the author; and his ob- philanthropy of the members of the holy alliance, ject is to shew the stupidity and falsehood of the Bri- who have lately displayed such a laudable compastish tourists, some of whose publications are but one sion for the blacks. remove behind the laughable absurdities which he has Next to the continual recurrence of these disgustprepared as flowing from one of them. We adă a ing exhibitions of cruelty, the most common objects few extracts from this work for the amusement of our seen in the streets of Boston, are drunken men, readers, and to shew that the children of the "daugh- women and children. I was assured by the mayor, ter" are able to meet those of the mother” in quiz- Mr. Phillips, one of the most charitable and philanzing, as well as on the mountain wave or in the field. thropic men in the state of Maine, that, on an ave
Extracts from “John Bull in America." rage, every third person was drunk every day, by nide On the seventeenth day, from losing sight of old o'clock, in the morning. The women, however, England, we made land at Cape Hatteras, which don't get fuddled, he tells me, till after they have forms the eastern point of Boston bay, which we en- cleared the breakfast table, and put the rooms to tered just before 'sun-set; and being favored with a rights, when they set to and make merty with the fine fair wind from the north, came up to the wharf young children, not one in a hundred of whom ever in about two hours from entering the capes. Com- see the inside of a school or a church. The conseing up, we saw the famous sea-serpent, but he was quences of this mode of life are, that the whole of nothing to those I had frequently seen in the Serpen- the people exhibit a ruddy complexion, and what aptine, so called from its abounding in these articles. pears, at first sight, to be a strong muscular figure; Being very anxious to go on shore, I desired one of but, on a close examination, the roses will be found the sailors to call a hack, which very soon arriving, 1 to be nothing more than what is called grog-blossoms, ordered the fellow to drive me to the best hotel in the and the muscular appearance only bloated intempeplace; accordingly he put me down at the Mansion rance. Hlouse hotel, kept by William Renshaw, a place of Religion is, if possible, in a worse state than literagreat reputation throughout the United States. The ture, manners or morals. There is not a single fellow charged me a quarter of a dollar, which is church in Boston, nor any religious exercises on twice as much as I should have paid in London! Sunday, except in a few school rooms. I am assured Being determined not to be imposed upon, I appealed it is the custom, all over New England, as well as in to the landlord, who assured me it was all right-sol the states of Newburyport and Pasquotank, to spend paid him, after giving himself and his horses a hearty the Sabbath like every other day in the week, exmalediction.
cept that they put on clean clothes, a thing never The first thing that struck me, was the vast dispro- thought of, even among the most fashionable ladies, portion of negroes in the streets and every where except on that occasion. else. I may affirm, with perfect veracity, that nearly Boston is a terrible place for fovers and agues. one-half the inhabitants of Boston are black. Each Every one of the inhabitants, except the slaves, is of these poor creatures has a white man always stand- afflicted with them in the spring and autumn, as sure ing over him, with a large club, about the thickness of! as the leaves appear in the former and fall in the lat
ter. The consequence is, that they look like so many "Whatever parliament may do, they cannot stop ghosts without flesh or blood; and, if you go into the the course of knowledge and improvement! The shops, you may hear the money jingling in the poc- American government has possessed itself, through its kets of the shop-keepers, by the mere force of habit, minister, of the improved mode of constructing and even if the poor man should happen, at that moment, making rail-roads, and there can be no doubt of to be free from the ague, or “ghake," as they call it their immediate adoption throughout that country."
Besides this, they have carthquakes and inundations, three times a week, if not more. After the CORPORATIONS. The cditor of the Glohe and Emecarthquake, generally comes an inundation, wbich rald, published at New York, well observes—"Every destroys all the crops for hundred of miles round, and time we are informed of the granting of a charter, we covers the country'so, that the tops of the trees and fancy we hear one cannon shot, at least, rattling chimneys just appear above the water. This is suc- through the foundation of our political edifice.” ceeded by a fog so tinick, that persons are lost in the A majority of the New York assembly seem to streets of Boston, and wander about several days, have had a similar notion for the general bankbill has without being able to find any of the houses. This is been rejected, 68 to 43. the origin of the phrase, “I guess,” so universal in New England; for these fogs are so common, that HAYTI. Many letters, from the free blacks who one-lalf of the time, people are obliged to “guess' at left the United States to take up their residence in what they are about. Hence, too, the half pint of Hayti, have been published. They all agree on these whiskey, which every man takes in the morning, the points—that the promises made to them have been first thing he does after getting up, is called an anti- performed, that those who are sober and industrious fogmatic.
have good prospects of living well and of acquiring
property, and that such as are intemperate and lazy A GREAT ROND, from the lIudson river to Lake Erie, will be no better off in Hayti than in the United is projected in New York. The distance 300 miles States. It appears that they have perfect liberty to -ihe supposed cost $500,000. The means of the return, on refunding the money which their emigrastate are ample; and, no doubt, the work will be ac- tion cost the government. The emigrants collected complished.' A joint committee of the senate and at Samana amount to 350, and they have already ore assembly have reported farorably of it, and say-- ganized a Sunday school. They also raised $300 for "Trom a rareful and deliberate review of all the facts the purpose of procuring bibles and other books for and considerations connected with this subject, the the use of their children. committee are decidedly or opinion, that the strongest motives of policy, as well as of justice, combine to re MANCHESTER. There are about thirty thousand commend the proposed mcasure, of constructing a power looms in the district immediately surrounding state road from the Hudson river to lake Erie, to the Manchester, England, which give employment and favorable consideration of the legislature; and that subsistence to more than two hundred thousand persons! a discreet and equitable distribution of the public and these 200,000, on account of materials used, and bounty to that section of country, by which its citizens rood, c. consumed, directly employ at least as many may be enabled to participate in the benefits of our persons more. munificent of system of internal improvements, will have an important tendency to increase the popula New York. The commerce of this city is even tion, and to augment the wealth and resources of the yet most rapidly increasing. During the 48 hours, state."
which ended at 12 o'clock on the 11th ult. eighty-three
vessels arrived there from sea-many of them large RAIL-WAYS. It is supposed that upwards of sevenly ships; and the cargoes of the whole were valued at millions of dollars have already been invested in stocks two millions of dollars. for the making of rail-ways in England! The "Grand Western,” “Northern" and "Junction” companies, KENTUCKY. The number of students in the Tranhave, together, stocks amounting to 7,500,000 pounds sylvania university is four hundred; of whom 207, are sterling! The consumption of iron and coal, in from Kentucky, 44 from Tennessee, 33 from Alabaconsequence of these projects, may well be called ma, 22 from Ohio, 17 from Virginia, 16 from Missispro-di-gi-ous; and the amount of money thrown into sippi, 14 from Louisiana, 13 from South Carolina, 10 circulation by them will materially benefit the labor- from Missouri, and the remainder from 10 other ing poor.
states and countries. Of the whole number of stuAn English writer, on the subject of rail-roads, cal. dents, 234 are in the medical class, 30 in the law culates that, to form a mile of single road, 194 tons class, 41 in tho senior, and 33 in the junior class. 16 cwts. of iron will be required; in the manufacture The following note is appended to the recapitulation of which, 757 tons 13 cwt. of coal will be used. He of numbers: supposes that, to make all the proposed rail-roads, “The number from abroad is 48 more than we had there will be required 8,142,316 tons coal; and to last year, and still greater in relation to any precedmaintain them, 2,363,605 tons annually. He con- ing year. The prospects of the university never were siders that such a demand for coal must raise its price as flattering, and never were the benefits of education even at the outset, and that it will increase rapidly and of good morals as extensively diffused by it as at every year, until the price of steam will cause the present." charge for carriage to be raised to so high a rate, as to make the existing channels of conveyance the Ouro. The Ohio Sentinel states that, from a report cheapest.
made to congress by the U. S. bank, it appears that It is calculated that, upon rail-ways enjoying the ad- the debt due said bank, in the state of Ohio, in Devantage of considerable traffic, merchandise will be cember last, amounted to $2,934,965 So. The debts conveyed at the rate of about two pence per ton per owing by the citizens of Ohio to the state banks, are mile, and each passenger at a cost of little more than estimated, after deducting the amount of stock paid a half penny per mile.
in, to be $1,000,000—which, added to the amount due k The London Courier, in detailing tlic advantages to the United States bank, as above, makes the age of rail-roads, upon the locomotive steam engire princi- gregate of $3,934,965 80-and adding the one million ple, contains a remark relative to Mr. Rusn, our pre- owing to the general government for land, makes the sent minister in London, and who is soon to return as sum total of 4,934,465 so, duc by Ohio to banks and secretary of the treasury:
INDIANA. By a report recently laid before the forward or backwards, without stopping the engine that house of representatives of Indiana, by the auditor of impels it. The ingenious inventor, we understand, the state, it appears that the quantity of first rate land has offered, through gor. Clinton, the gratuitous use in that state is estimated at 207,534 acres; that of of the invention to the people of this state. second rate, at 1,454,178 acres; third rate, 1,012,799
The number of polls is 34,061. This report LATE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT. To the editor of the does not include any portion of the new purchase. Mount Sterling (Ky.) Spy:
Washington, February 10, 1825. SCPPORT OF THE POOR. The system for the support Dear sir: Ihasten to inform you that, on yesterday, of the poor, has, in Salem, Mass. attained pretty near Mr. Adams was elected president of the United States to the point of perfection; the whole expense of on the first ballot. The aggregate rote for each canthat branch of the municipal administration having didate was as follows-Adams 13 states, Jackson 7, dwindled down to $64 85. Under the wise manage- Crawford 4. Eight of the members from Kentucky ment of the overscers, the earnings of the paupers voted for Adams, and four for Jackson. Those four have defrayed all the rest of their subsistence. In were Mr. Moore, Mr. Wickliffe, Mr. Henry and Mr. their report the overseers observe:
J. T. Johnson. If all the delegation had voted for Jack“The farm, under the superintendence of Mr. Up- son, Adams would still have been elected ton, has been improved, during the past year, much impossible to get 13 states to vote for Jackson, and more than in any preceding year, since the com- many reasons of great weight concurrrd in satisfying mencement of the establishment; and, generally, the the majority of the members from Kentucky, that it concerns of the alms-house are in a more promising was best, under all circumstances, to take Adams at condition than they have been at any former time once, seeing that they would have to do so finally, or since the present board have been entrusted with this prevent an election altogether. My own opinion was department of the economy of the town."
founded on the facts as I knew them to exist, and upon
considerations referable to the general interests of the IRON ORE. The Vermont Gazette states, that an ex. union, and of the western states as a part of it. Apart tensive bed of iron ore has been discovered in Dor- from personal feeling, it was as clear a case as I ever set, near Manchester north line. The quality is such had before me, and there is not a doubt on my mind, that a horse shoe has been wrought in a black-smith's that I was right in the vote which I gave. I shall fire, directly from the ore.
send on a true statement of facts, and a faithful acThis discovery throws some light on the subject of count of all the circumstances connected with the the contemplated canal from the head waters of the election, including every thing which concerns myBattepkill to the Hudson river.
self as a member of the house. You may expect those
details at the end of the session; and when they are POWER. An English chemist has proposed to use fully and fairly laid before the people of the district, an air-vacuum, in place of steam, for machinery. It I have every reason to beliere they will a prore of goes upon the well known fact, that a sudden com- the course I have thought it my duty to take. Ishall bustion produces a sudden consumption of a portion also give a history of the shameful persecution got of the air, and the heat, thus rapidly produced, causes up by George Kremer against Mr. Clay a great expansion of the remaining portion of the air,
David TRIMBLE. and, of course, a great exhaustion in a closed vessel. The principle has been reduced to practice-ma Cuba. By the following decrce, it will appear chines have been invented and there is little doubt that the legitimacy of Spain is about to be introduced but that they will answer admirably for raising water into Cuba, by the establishment of a "military comfrom coal mines and in all places where fuel is mission” to hear and judge offences of private pervery abundant and cheap.
sons! A company is forming in France, for the establish
Decree of the governor of Havana. ment of vessels on the canals and rivers of that coun In the ever faithful city of Havana, on the 4th of try, the wheels or paddles of which are stated to be March, 1825, bis excellency, senor don D. H. D. set in motion by powerful air pumps, the action of Vives, knight grand cross of the royal American which is continued by the action of the paddles. order of Isabella, the catholic governor of the place Great secrecy had been observed as to this inven- of Havana, (&c. &c. &c.) makes known, that his tion; but the mode in which the machinery is first set majesty, being always interested in the frosneinto action is said to be by a powerful wheel, almost srity, and in the felicity and tranquility of his fathful without friction, which, although capable of produc- vassals, the inhabitants, in order to preserve them ing an impulse equal to a forly horse power, is con- from the horrors and the ruin produced by the distinued in motion by one person.
quietude which has prevailed in his Amerir un do The Albany Argus says-"Among the improve- minions, has determined to provide, by a royal orrer, ments of the present age, scientific gentlemen speak communicated by the ministry of war, daied on the bighly of an invention in mechanics, the result of | 23d of November last, that, in conformity with the much labor and study, by Mr. T. W. Story, of the royal decree of the 13th of January, 1924, a military city of New York. The more immediate application commission shall be established, formed of person's of the mechanical agent, of which Mr. Story is the in- entirely confided in by his excellency, which shall ventor, is to steam engine machinery, supplying, as it hear and judge the offences of those who, either by does, the loss of the power of the piston, incident to arms, writing publications, or any other means, shall the use of the crank: but the application of it is as declare themselves enemies to the legitimate rights extensive as the introduction of that principle, to of the throne, or partizans of the constitution pub. mills, machinery and mechanism of every descrip- lished in Cadiz in March, 1812; also of those who in tion. It is described to us as obviating all the objec- public papers, speak against the sovereignty of his tions which Mr. Fulton had to the crank and shackle-majesty, or in favor of the abolished constitusjon, or rod; and as being always regular in motion, as well as those who seduce, or aid in seducing others, to fórm equal in power. The irregular leverage of the crank any party, to promote tumults which affect the pubis said to be entirely avoided; the fly-wheel is ren- lic tranquility, of what nature or pretext soever they dered useless; it changes backwards and forward may be: further, that the commission shall extend its with the facility of the crank; passes the centres authority to the cognizance of causes concerning robeither way, at the command of the engineer, per force, bers and evil-doers, who may be apprehended in the without any auxiliary aid; and it can be turned either l roads or country houses, by royalist volunteers or
other troops, whose commander shall deliver them while, in Scotland, during that period, not above three to the president of the military commission, accord- or four failures of the kind occurred, and those only ing to the forms prescribed by the said decrec: for in banks constituted according to the English system. the fulfilment of which, he has ordered and does or And "the true cause of the difference is to be found der that the said military comunission shall be estab- in the nature of their respective banking establishlished, by naming don Louis Michelena for president; ments; the Scotch_banks being joint stock comfor members, colonels Gascue, Arango and Valder- panics, while the English banks are private conrama, and lieutenant colonels Garcia, de la Paz and cerns."
(Nat. Gaz. Fuero; for assessor, Suares; for fiscals, captains de la Madriz, Castellanos, Rosere and lieutenant Sey; FROM SCOTLAND. The Greenock Chronicle of the del; and for secretaries, sub, lieutenants Baltanas, 10th ult, per the Mentor, contains the most importAngel, Betancour and Jutian Angel: and in order ant passages of gov. Clinton's message to the legisthat the decree may take effect, that the president, lature; which, it says, "are interesting and gratifying, members, assessor, fiscals and secretaries, shall be full of hope and promise for the advancement of instructed, by means of the official document, with a human nature. What a mass, (says the editor), of certified copy of the present, and of the royal order literary rubbish, of the De Lolme school, has been and decree referred to.
exploded by the progress of the United States." This decree shall be printed in the Diario, &c. &c.
FRANCIS Dionisio Vives. Ant. M. de la Torrey Cardenas, Secretary.
Wool. The first esport of wool from England, for
two centuries, took place in December last; fifty TRIŅIDAD. We have been favored, by a senator of bags of coarse wool were exported to this country'; the United States, with the following authentic state the export of wool has been prohibited for two hunment of the population, production and consumption, dred years in England, until the last session of parliaof the island of Trinidad, in the West Indies.
ment, when a bill was passed allowing the export of Population. Whiteș, 3,340; colored persons, 13,392; wool on the payment of a duty of one penny per Indians, 900; Chinese, 20; slaves, 23,227.
pound; under this act the above export took place." Average crop, Sugar, 24,000 hogsheads; rum,
[. American Farmer. 1,000 puncheons; molasses, 6,000 puncheons; cocoa, 1,800,000 pounds; coffee, 200,000 pounds.
PORT WINE. Oporto, Jan. 8-The number of pipes Consumption. Or Hour per ann. 16,500 barrels- of wine exported from this place to foreign countries, equal to 46 barrels per day.- (Nat. Int.
during the last year, was 26,724; of which 19,968 to
England, 5,293 to Buenos Ayres, 648 to North AmeA NEW ISLAND has been discovered in the Southern rica, 238 to Cayenne, 138 to Russia, 120 to Bengal, 90 ocean-lat. 15 31 S. and long 176 11 E. It is entire-to. Holland, 72 to Hamburg, 43 tô Denmark, 36 to ly composed of lava, and appears to be well inhabited Gibraltar, 24 to Sweden and the Baltic, 11 to Prusby people, who never, until now, saw a white man. sia, 7 to Newfoundland, 8 to Spain, 2 to France, 1 to All the males are reported to have their little fingers Genoa, I to Trieste. cut off at the second joint on the left hand; and the women wear only a small covering round their
South AMERICAN STATES. A great dinner was given bodies
at New-York on Monday, last week, in honor of the
victory in Peru, which sealed the independence of SOUTHERN ŞE4. Captain Weddel, of the British South America. It was got up in the best style, and pavy, whose account of his recent voyage towards the a very numerous and highly respectable company was south pole is in the press, after passing through an present. Among the invited guests, were several ofextensive barrier of icelands, about fifty miles broad, ficers of the navy of the United States, and the British commencing in the latitude of 689, on the 20th of consul. After dinner, the following toasts were drank: February, 1823, actually reached the high latitude of
Columbus—he gave a new world to liberty. seventy-four degrees fifteen minutes, south. Here, with
George Washington. very clear weather, he was astonished to find that not
Bolivar and his fellow patriots. a single piece of field-ịce, and only four ice-islands,
The events we celebrate-practical triumphs of were in sight, even
as far as the eye could reach from the rights of man. the mast-head. The state of the sea in this high
The holy alliance of America—its object freedom southern latitude must excite wonder in the minds of not tyranny, geographical inquirors; who, since the unsuccessful
General Sucre-second to Bolivar, but first in the attempt of captain Cook to advance beyond the se
fields of Ayacucho. venty-first degree, have considered these regions as
The people of Spain-may they take a lesson on impenetrable. The lateness of the season, and many the science of government from their American chit
dren. concurrent circumstances, compelled captain Weddel to take au vantage of a strong southerly wind to re After the regular toasts had been drunk, general turn homewards. He gave to this part of the ocean, Swift rose and stated, that invitations had been sent the name of The sea of George the fourth.-(. Vat. Gaz. to several of the principal men of the United States,
whom circumstances had prevented from attending, ANCIENT ROLL. The biblical world is at present but who, in their answers, had expressed common occupied in the investigation of a llebrew roll of feelings in relation to the glorious event celebrated. great antiquity, found in a vessel captured by the Among other letters received, were one from geneGreeks; which roll has recently been brought to this ral Jackson and another from Mr. Calhoun, containcountry. The enormous sum of 12501. is asked for ing toasts, which those distinguished gentlemen begthis relic. Half that amount is said to have been of- ged to offer to the company, and general Swift, after fered for it by an eminent Hebrew capitalist. This reading the letters, proposed as the toast of general sacred scroll ought to be deposited amongst the He- Jackson:brew bibles in the extraordinary collection of the Bolivar-Blessed by the same divinity that guided duke of Sussex.--[London Morning Chronicle. our revolutionary struggles, he has given freedom and
independence to his country. May he resign his BANK FAILURE. We find, by the London Quarterly commission to the people as the only legitimate Review, that no less than 273 banks had commissions source of power, and thereby be asgóciated with of bankruptcy issued against them, from 1791 to 1918, lour immortál Washington.