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canals, across the great chains of mountains which To this letter the following answer has been transseparate the eastern and western waters. They are mitted by the war department: persuaded that, among these, there is not one better

Department of war, March 19, 1825. deserving the attention of the government of the Sir: The communication addressed, on the 2nd United States than that by which the commonwealth of instant, by several members of congress, to the preVirginia is endeavoring to connect the James river, sident of the United States, requesting that a survey or its chief branch, the Jackson, with the Great Kana- be made, in order to ascertain if it be practicable to wha, and, by means of that river, with the Ohio, at connect, by means of a canal, the James river with Point Pleasant. A canal of forty miles in extent, from the great Kanawha and the Ohio, at Point Pleasant, the tide of the first named river, now connects the has been received by the president, and referred to city of Richmond with the coal mines of Chesterfield, this department. Goochland, and Powhatan, and is extended above The union of the eastern and western waters, by them, in its progress towards the base of the Allegha- the contemplated line of communication, is an enterny mountain. À contract has also been made, and prise of unquestionable importance to the states of funds provided, for canalling the Balcony Falls of the Virginia and Ohio, and the lake country generally: river for a distance of six miles. The turnpike from and I regret that there is not an officer who could be the Great Falls of the Kanawha to the eastern base of spared for the purpose of making the survey requestthe Alleghany, a distance of ninety miles, has been ed; every engineer and toprographical engineer completed, and great improvements made in the na- being disposed of for the year. vigation of the Kanawha, one of the largest tributaries As you have taken so deep an interest in the great of the Ohio.

work of connecting the Chesapeake with the western Under these circumstances, it would greatly ac-waters, and in the prosecution of internal improvecelerate the completion of this link of connection of ments generally, and are nearer to the seat of go the eastern and western waters, if it should be ascer-vernment than either of the other gentlemen who tained to be practable, to unite them by a vavigable signed the address to the president, upon the proposed canal, and it is deemed highly probable that this con- project, I have thought proper to make this communection could be effected by the use of the waters of nication to you. Greenbriar river, on the western slope of the Alle I am, with great respect. &c. ghany, and several smaller streams, the branches of

JAMES BARBOUR the Jackson river, on the eastern.

Hon. C. F. Mercer, Aldie, Loudon county, Va. The undersigned beg leave, therefore, to call your attention to this subject, and to ask as early a survey

CHRONICLE. as practicable, of the route for a canal across the Al. leghany, which they have felt it their duty to describe. The free school, at Baltimore, established and supIn aid of this application, they further state, that, ported by the late John Oliver, esq. of this city, now between the city of Richmond and the mouth of the affords instruction to about one hundred and eighty great Kanawha, the actual connection, by water, boys, and one hundred and sixty girls; and is, in all which such a canal would furnish, will not exceed respects, in the best condition. four bundred and fifty miles. Of this, the Kanawha, Washington, April 1. Mr. Poinsett, minister of the one of the straightest and most easily navigated United States to Mexico, left this city on Wednesday branches of the Ohio, occupies ninety miles, and the for Norfolk, where he is to be received on board of James river is already navigable for nearly two hun- the frigate Constellation, which is expected to sail dred more. The distance from the mouth of the for Vera Cruz about Sunday next. Scioto to the mouth of the Kanawha, is about eighty Mr. P. is accompanied by Mr. Mason, the secretary jniles, which, added to the four hundred and fifty, of legation, and Mr. Edward Thornton Tayloe, as primakes the entire water line of communication, bevate secretary. tween the tide of James river and the eastern extremity of the canal contemplated to be made, and now of the Shenandoah river, is now so far accomplished,

Harrisonburg, Va. March 24, 1825. The navigation begun from the lakes to the Sciota, but 550 miles: thus bringing the city of Richmond as near to Ports- as to be in constant use, and with the most perfect mouth, on the river Ohio, as the city of Pittsburg is, safety. Mr. Orbison and Wm. H. Lewis have, in the at this moment, pursuing the windings of that river, course of a few weeks past, delivered about 1000 barand disregarding the superiority of a canal to the ri- rels of flour, shipped from Port Republic, and its neigh

borhood, at Georgetown, disposed of it, and paid over ter itself.

The undersigned forbear to enlarge upon the great the proceeds to the several owners. In a few days importance of these facts to the states of Virginia and past, they have taken about 400 barrels in, in four Ohio, to the country on the lakes, and, in general, to boats, and will be ready, in the course of a few days, the union of the east and west. They confidently to take as much more. Messrs. Orbison and "Givens trust that these suggestions will share, with other have built, at Port Repuplic, a large and convenient similar views of the capacity of the United States for warehouse, where they will be ready to recerre, (free internal improvement, the favorable regard of the of any charge for storage), any quantity of flour that general government.

may be intended to be sent down the river. The We are, sir with great consideration, your obedient great advantage of this mode of taking away the proservants, E. Whitllescy, C. F. Mercer,

duce of our farms, over the usual way of wagoning, Thos. R. Ross,

Wm. Smith,

will be readily perceived by all who will reflect that Robt. P. Letcher, Thomas Newton,

it would have taken no less than 33 wagons and driDuncan McArthur, Samuel F. Vinton,

vers, and 165 horses, to have taken away 400 barrels J. Steplienson, J. W. Campbell,

of four at one trip. J. S. Barbour,

Wm. McLean, Little Rock, (Ark.) Feb. 22, 1925. The acting go Jas. Jolinson,

Joseph Vance, vernor has granted a farther respite, until the 4th day J. Sloane,

Thomas Metcalfe, of April next, to Mad Buffalo and Little Eagle, the J. C. Wright,

Darid Trimble, two Osage Indians, confined in jail in this town, under Edw. Livingston,

Francis Johnson, sentence of death, whose execution, pursuant to a Dan't P. Cook,

T. P. Moore. former respite, was appointed to take place on ThursTo his excellency the president of the U. States.

day next.



No. 7-VOL. IV.)






PSince the commencement of this publication, lishments set at work; still the demand was beyond it does not appear that there ever was so great a the supply. It is estimated that the consumption of stock of matter proper for it, as there is now to ren- American cotton, in England, during the year 1924, der it useful, though the task of registering it is a was 410,000 bales, and, from the stock on hand on humble one. But the quantity is so large that it is the 1st Jan. 1824, it was supposed that there would not an easy thing to determine what should have be a considerable want of it to supply the consumpprecedence. We could profitably fill two sheets a tion of the current year, even admiting that it should week: and the progress of population and improve- not exceed that of the preceding. Hence the price ment in our country, will require, at least, so much kept pretty gradually improving until about the 1st room to keep pace with the proceedings and events of March, when the apprehension of a scarcity gave that interest us; and which should be preserved for a start to speculation. There were only 80,000 bales Tuture reference and examination.

at Liverpool-it was presumed that the increased

consumption would equal that quantity; and choice APPOINTMENT BY THE PRESIDENT. Rufus King, of parcels of the Boweds” and Orleans were sold at 16d. New-York, to be envoy extraordinary and minister and it is thought that this price will be maintained

sterling per lb.--other sorts are proportionably high; plenipotentiary, to Great Britain, in place of Richard for some time, for the stock on the continent is short, Rush, appointed secretary of the treasury.

and the home consumption, in our own factories, will

probably be about 150,000 bales for the present year. DESULTORY FACTS AND REMARKS ON COMMERCE AND Besides, the supply from Brazil is much less than PRODUCTION, AGRICULTURAL OR MANUFACTURED--F0

heretofore. The effect of the advanced prices at The late arrivals from En- New York, was great--it is estimated that the mergland at New York, &c. bringing accounts of the ad- chants of that city were profited by them in the sum of yanced prices of several great commodities--such as three or four millions of dollars, for the stock of cotton, iron, sugar, coffee, spices and tobacco, car- cotton, coffee, &c. was exceedingly large. * Of the ried us back to former days of speculation, when many first, the quantity was supposed to be 70 or 80,000 were rendered independent by the business of a day, bales, a large part of which changed hands, rising from and others lost that which they had. Expresses were 17 to 20 cents (for uplands] to 25, 26, and 21 or 25 cents sent east and south in anticipation of the mail, and per lb. and some at present is held at 30, The same even yet the news cannot have reached the extreme effect was produced at Boston, Philadelphia and Balpoints south and west, and advantage is still to be timore, but the supply at those places was not so very taken of the prompt information thus afforded and large. Many persons are believed to have made from obtained. It is bardly worth while to stop and en- 50, to 100,000 dollars in a few hours. The sale of quire whether it is morally honest to make bargains British cotton goods, in large quantities, was suspendunder such circumstances—for there is JOCKEYSHIP ed for several days-the holders did not know what in all human things, whether of faith or practice; and to ask for them; and domestic sheetings, &c. advancit seems conceded that persons may make lawful pro- ed from one to three cents per yard, or more: for No. sits out of their less informed or ignorant neighbors 15 cotton yarn, wbich had been selling at 35 cents, and friends-or, by address and management, obtain 45 were asked. The prices just stated are still kept victories over opinion, or matters of delief, for build-up, though only a few regular sales are making. If they ing up their own fortunes or the advancement of are realized, it is computed that an advanced profit of their own notions, even as to things of the most so- about serenteen millions of dollers will be made on the lemn importance! -yet, I must be permitted to cotton held by American "merchants and planters, at doubt the rightfulness of bargains thus made, or vic- home and abroad the

amount of which is supposed tories so gained. There is deception in them, and a cold to be 500,000 bales. This is a very "pretty thing," calculating power is exerted whose principle is based and will help us along handsomely; but it may be on the worst passions of the heart. "The simplicity of lost again, and much more, by over-production. A the truth will not admit of them, and the welfare of want of the article cannot last long. It appears, by society is put at hazard by such speculations; but it is accounts from New Orleans of the 22d uit. that 130,000 well known that (some) lawyers and priests, as well bales had been received during the present season, as merchants and manufacturers, with traders of every or 47,000 more than had arrived at the same period description, and the whole herd of politicians," last year. practice on this principle--"there is no friendship in It has been, for several months past, known that iron trade." My opinions, however, do not constitute mat- was getting scarce in England, from the greatly inters of right; and, perhaps, the vigilance, caution and creased consumption for domestic purposes or foreign industry which such over-reachings tend to promote, supply. To encourage the importation, the duty has may counterbalance the evils imposed. But it will been reduced from 6 or 71. per ton, to one pound. be useful to collect and publish some of the various Hence there was some speculation with a considerainteresting facts on which these late speculations ble rise in price of this article; and, as many of our were founded, or which have been brought forth in furnaces and forges which were suspended, are at the progress of affairs, with occasional notices of work, the iron-makers will come in for a full share other matters pertaining to commerce and production, of the general profits. There are orders in Phithough not immediately connected with the rise of ladelphia for large quantities of pig iron to be sent prices for cotton and other articles.

to England! This is an event that no one expected The great demand in England for cotton and other a month ago, notwithstanding the projected rail roads, goods, for the supply of the Mexican and South Ame- &c. &c. would require enormous quantities. All the rican markets, has, sometime past, caused every manufactory to be pressed to its utmost power of pro *This profit, however, is yet to be realized, and duction. Many were kept a-going day and night, by whether foreigners will pay it or not, is to be ascerdifferent sets of hands, and a number of new estab. tained. See note at the end.

Vol. XXVIII.-7.


manufactures of iron have, consequently, advanced forty-five years purchase. Lastly, it appears to be in price.

operating on the market, and no good reason can be Coffee has risen about 3 cents per pound and given why that which has subsecutively raised the sugar 1 cent. Brandy and rum are also in brisk de- price of British stocks, foreign stocks and lands, mand. Spices have risen considerably. Why these should not also raise the price of cotton and tobacco, articles have been so much affected, we cannot tell. sugar and bravdy. There does not appear to be any other reason for it "Supposing this vicw to be correct, though we must than that the people, as well in England as in the look out for many and great Ductuations in the markUnited States, having increased ability to purchase, et, we may safely calculate on prices being perman through profitable employment, are expected to con- nently higher this year than they were last.” sume more of them than formerly. On the same BÓPSince the preceding was prepared, Liverpool principle, perhaps, it is that ieas and other China papers, to the 15th of March, have been received. A goods have improved, notwithstanding, since the first pause had taken place as to purchases of cotton-but of the present month, no less than seven great ships ihe sales were revived, and the prices given in the have arrived at Philadelphia, ovly, fully laden, from last Register, (page 87), maintained. Thu market, Canton! At New Orleans, the crop of merchantable however, is spoken of as being "unsettled,” as, insugar is estimated at 27,372 hhds. As to tobacco, deed, must needs be supposed. Coffee, sugar, spices, there was a small advance, but not a great deal of ashes, rice, tobacco, &c. had fallen back to their old business done in the article. No change in the price of prices, or were very dull. A letter, dated 14th of flour and grain--or, if any, for the better. Pot and March, says—"This morning the market opened with pearl ashes, Quercitron bark, and molasses, are in a moderate demand for cotton, and the advance of demand, at an advance—so also is rice.

Saturday appeared fully supported; but, at about 4 Many vessels were despatched in all directions for o'clock, one broker purchased upwards of 6000 Egypthe purposes of speculation—we shall give one in- tian cotton, at 134 tu 13%; and he took for one house

A fast sailing schooner arrived at Baltimore about 1300 bags of upland at 13. The total sales of on Saturday last, from Port au Prince, with a full the day are estimated at 10,000 bags; and, as this excargo of collee, and sailed again the next morning for tensive operation has caused some sensation in the the same port with a full cargo of flour! And such market, we cannot but hope we shall have a further was the press for seamen, that twenty-five dollars improvement in prices. 200 hhds. Baltimore flaxseed per month were offered for them.

were sold to-day at auction at 68 6." The following appear to be nearly the present Bell's, (London), “Weekly Messenger," of the 28th prices of some of the articles above noticed-Cot- Feb. has the following exhibit and remarks: ton, upland, 25 to 28-—other sorts in proportion; cof A return was made

on Friday to the house of comfee, (IIaytian), 18 to 21; brown Havana sugar 10; mons, of the exports of British colonial manufactures Bordeaux brandy 1 25; molasses 32; nutmegs $3; and merchandise, for the year ending 10th October, mace, &c. proportionably high; Quercitron bark 35 | 1824; and the same paper contains a comparative to 37 dollars; fustic $20—all dye-woods and drugs estimate of the produce of the same articles, for the advanced; ihe advance asked on tobacco is generally years 1922 and 1823. The following is a schedule of from 1 to 2 dollars, &c. But the state of the market the exports of the three years: is such that there is no great deal of buying and sel

1822. 1823. 1824. ling now. Persons do not know what they ought to Cotton manufac's 23,938,260 24,618,583 26,880,937 ask or lo give.

Twist and yarn

2,118,813 2,626,632 3,138,347 The commerce of the United States, at least in Brass and copper 632,966 684,284 582,577 respect to importulions, has been increasing for more Glass & earthenw. 271,482 276,994 284,368 than a year past, notwithstanding the increase of our Hardware & cutlery 592,785 588,700 696,986 own manufactories-because that, by the success of Iren and steel 1,412,318 1,109,616 1,490,314 the last, the people are awe to consume more. The Linen manufactures 2,504,009 1,667,916 3,174,834 duties secured at Boston, in 1823, amounted to Silk manufactures 212,855 183,752 189,813 $3,847,644, and, in 1824, to $4,193,112; and, on the Sugar, br. refined 1,262,769 1,285,024 1,121,940 11th instant, thosc bonded for at New-York, on that | Woollen goods 6,593,177 5,977,424 6,889,200 day, ,were equal to seren hundred and fifty thousand all other articles 5,948,115 5,942,381 6,334,492 dollars!!! The revenue of the present year will be very large-but, whether it will render good or evil Total 45,787,389 46,261,511 50,755,808 to the nation, we shall know hereafter. We have been The leading manufactures of the country are cotfatally convinced that the public treasury may flou- ton, woollen, linen, silk, iron, hardware, brass and rish while the people are verging to a general bank- copper; to which we may add, refined sugar, glass ruptry. Such is the nature of the system that we and earthenware. Accordingly, under these eight rely on-such must ever be the case, when indirect heads, are the returns now made. (bention is mainly resorted to for the support of go The augmented value of our cotton manufactures vernment.

is the most pleasing feature in this return, and the In respect to cotton, the following remarks appear first and most indubitable proof, how far the prospeentitled to attention---they are copied from the New-rity of our manufactures has been advanced.“ It apYork Mercantile Advertiser:--"It is proper to ob-pears that, in the year 1822, the annual value of this serve that there is an increased supply from only the export was, in round figures, twenty-three millions United States and Egypt; while there is an increas- nine hundred thousand pounds. In the year 1924, ed demand for cotton goods all the world over. In the amount of the same article is twenty-six millions Brazil the crop is very short, and the heavy stock of cight hundred thousand pounds. The amount of this East India cotton, which so long depressed American export is, indeed, astonishing; for, if we add to the cotton in the British market, is now nearly consum- twenty-six inillions and odd figures, the further ed.

three millions and more, for cotton twist and yarn, “After all, however, commodities may only be find the total produce of this export is thirty millions; ing their true relative value. The immense capital that is to say, three-fifths of the whole exports of thre which has been accumulated in Great Britain first country. The article next in consequence, is the operatel on Brilish stocks, raising them to a very high export of woollen goods. Here the increase appears price,----then on foreign stocks, the transactions in to be about half a million sterling. In this we canwhich have excited no little astonishment, then not but observe the vicissitudes of manufactures. op land, the price of which was raised to forty and about seventy years ago, the great staple of the

country was its woollen manufactures. At the pre-l for the year 1824–449,255 bales having been receive sent day, our export of colton manufactures, as above ed from the United States in 1823, and only 282,548 said, exceeds thirty millions, whilst that of our wool- in 1824, and that the general supply of the latter year len goods, is not seven millions.

was 127,708 bales less than the former. He then When it is considered that every individual in the speaks of the danger of orer-production, and makes country, whether man or woman,* must have, at least, extracts to shew the distressed state of our own one portion of their dress of linen, and this abroad southern country in the early part of 1824, which as well as at home, it has always been a subject of was caused by it--a reference is made to the opinion aslonishment to us, that the produce of our linen of Cropper and Benson, who stated, that, in the event manufactures is so inconsiderable. We fear that of our consuming more at home, and, of course, dithe cause of this must be sought in the circumstances minishing the exportation, the planters "might ccrtainof those by whom our linen manufactories are at pre- ly sell their surplus cotton ai any price.” sent possessed. The linen manufacture particularly And adds--"In 1822, we exported 144,675,095 lbs. belongs to Ireland, and is, doubtless, affected by the

which produced, according to the treaimpediments peculiarly existing in that country. In

sury returns, this branch, however, we are happy to add, that the In 1823, we increased the quantity to

$24,035,058 return of the present year exhibits a considerable in

177,723,370 lbs. whereby we reduced the crease: The produce of the linen manufactures for 1824, exceeds three millions, whilst, in 1822, it was in 1824, the quantity was reduced to

proceeds to

20,445,520 two millions and a half only.

143,307,560 lbs. by which the proceeds New York, April 9. The almost unprecedented ad were increased to

22,196,747 vance in produce, especially the great staple of the “It is truly wonderful how our statesmen can shut. country, (cotton), caused a camper on exchange, and their eyes against these strong facts. The more we we notice a trifling depression in bills on England, export, the less we receive for it. The less we exwith a dull market; although many sales were made port, the higher its proceeds. In 1823, we increased at last week's prices.

the quantity 20 per cent and reduced the proceeds Bills on London, 60d. 9 a 91 prem.; France, 5 15:a 16-whereas, a diminution of 18 per ceni. in the '5 124; Amsterdam, 40 a 41: drafts on Boston, sight, quantity, in 1824, produced an increase in the propar; Philadelphia, par; guineas, heavy, 109; gold, Por: ceeds of 10 per cent.! tuguese, 105; American, 105; drafts on Baltimore, a "It is worthy of observation, and clearly estabdis.; Virginia, 8 a l; North Carolina, 4 a 5; Charles-lishes the oppressive and pernicious effects of our ten, 1; Savannah, 2 a 3; New Orleans, par; doub- system on our inercantile citizens, who, nevertheloons, $16.20; Spanish dollars, 102 a 1027; French, less, have uniformly and suicidally supported it, that 20 and 40f. ps. 100.

within forty-eight hours, one of the most respectaPrice of stocks--- United States' 6 per ct. 1812, 1004 | ble merchants in Philadelphia, whose name I do not asked, 100 1-8 offered; 1913, 1024 asked, 102 offered; choose to publish, but will frcely give to any gentic1814, 104 asked; seven per cent. 1031 asked, 103 man who desires to know it, has unhesitatingly adofered. Three per cent. 914 asked, "909 offered; nitted, that the export of colton, on the average of bank United States, 121 asked.

the four last years, has been a losing concern. This London, March 5. Three per cents. 79); sixes, for ceptible of complete demonstration by a collation of

melancholy fact, independent of his testimony, is sus1812, 88; for 1813, 92}; for 1814, 94 a 95; for 1815, the prices current in this country and in Liverpool, 97 a '98; serens, 881. United States' bank shares, and in reference to the tables above quoted."** 1.24 58.

"In addition to the effect produced by the diminuThe able and valuable friend of domestic industry, tion of the import of cotton from this country, the whose writings, over the signature of “Hamilton," consumption in Europe has greatiy increased. have so much contributed to the instruction and im- The consumption in France, in 1823, was provement of the people, has raised his warning voice


bales 171,000 against the effects which he thinks will follow the Whereas, in 1924, it rose to

244,000 present speculations in cotton. As his essays will have a very large circulation, by which those more Being an increase of nearly onc-half

73,000 immediately interested may refer to and consider The consumption in Greai Britain, in 1923, them with the attention that they deserve, we shall

was only

bales 535,912 only take a brief notice of the chief points stated in But, in 1824, it rose to

635,648 the article before us, and so offer them to the reflec

Increase tion of our readers.

99,736 Speaking of the great advance of prices and sums of The increase of consumption in Great Britain arosc money made by speculators, he asks, “what becomes chiefly from the prosperous state of the exports of of the shippers?" He renders it probable that the cotton goods. average price of uplands, or boweds, was got more The export from Liverpool, in 1823, was than 13 d. at Liverpool, and he makes an extract from

square yards 170,004,000 a table, constructed at that great market, shewing Whereas, it rose, in 1824, to

208,511,000 what, from 10d. to 16d. sterling, as the selling price The increasc in the export to South America is most of cotton, nets in the United States, when the ex- extraordinary. In 1822, it was 24,005,000 square change is ten per cent. above par against the latter, yards--in 1823, it rose to 47,998,000--and in 1924, to freight, insurance, &c. &c. being regarded. It ap- no less than 67,068,000." pears that 10d. nets 15.31 cents—12d. 18.55-131d. It thus appears that the general consumption in 21.62—15d. 27.87—16... 25.62; and hence, that those Great Britain and France was increased '174,736 who ship at the present prices cannot escape loss. bales, or 9,000 more than the diminution of our export He next shews that the advance of price has been in to England; which would necessarily cause a rise in consequence, mainly, of the deficiency of importation price, &c. but the rise was also assisted by specula

tors, on account of the smallness of the stock. *This may be so in England—but there are great numbers of persons in America and other parts of the *The loss, in the year 1922, by the export of cotton, world, in which British gnods are consumed, who use has been, by the most competent judges, estitnated no linen at all.

Ep. Rec. 1 at 3,000,000 dollars.


The stock on hand ia Great Britain on the 31st can be a greater enemy of slavery than I am,-but December, 1823, was

382,848 there is a lesson in the preceding statement that ought But on the same day of last year, it was only 235,350 to be attended to. The mere liberation of the person

from slavery may just as likely be a curse as a blessing Being a reduction of

147,498 to the individual, unless he has been taught to think The British import of Egyptian cotton during 1824 for himsell-provided the whole burthen of managwas 33,257 bales. It is becoming a favorite-11,000|ing his own affairs, in his own way, is suddenly cast bags were sold in the month of November last, at Li- upon him. verpool. It is a rival of the cotton of Louisiana and Brazil. It is supposed that the whole product of SLAVE. “It is a pity, indeed it is,” that some who Egypt will be 250,000 bags in the present year. It is have so much sensibility on account of the slavery of probable that ttis sort of cotton formed a considera- the blacks, should have none at all for that of white ble part of the increased consumption of France. persons. A "Virginia nabob,” with his 1 or 200 slaves,

[The Egyptian bales are somewhat less in weight is a most abominable being; but a Russian nobleman, than the American; but we do not know the precise with from 1 to 20,000 slaves, is one of the "Corinor general difference.)

thian pillars of society"- no matter whether he ac“These facts, on a subject of deep importance to quired the property by the murder of an emperor, or the nation, are respec:fully submitted to the consi- an administration to the lusts of an empress. deration of the reflecting portion of the community, "The countess Orloff, of Russia, says Dr. Lyall, a in the hope that they may tend to arrest the progress traveller, has 900 servants, (slaves), and a band of 40 of the spirit of speculation, which, while it enormous musicians playing every day during dinner.” ly enrichés a few knowing ones, cannot fail to im The history of the Orloff family is well known. poverish and ruin six times the number of the incau- They were the favorites and agents of the infamous tious und imprudent. Should these statements rescue Catharine. And with the slaves, that this and other only one or two estimable citizens and their families illustrious families hold, it is that the "magnanimous from the vortex which gapes to swallow them up, 1 | Alexander" has uelivered nations of the right of selfshall be amply rewarded."

government, to the great approbation of the "holy He then cautions us against the effects of increased alliance," and all the Russians in the United States production-thinks it not improbable that the next and elsewhere. crop may be from 30 to 50 per cent. greater than it was last year, and supposes that prices may, in con SUPREME COURT. It is stated that, since the adop. sequence, go down to what they were in 1819, which tion of the constitution, the sup me court has been caused so much distress. Next the importance of the appointed from-New York 3, Maryland 3, Virginia home market is urged—and the success that has at- 3, North Carolina 2, South Carolina 2, Massachusetts tended the protection afforded to coarse cottons he 2, and Pennsylvania 1. So that six of the original thinks ought to induce a similar protection to the fine states, and the eleven since admitted into the union, qualities—that the farming interest should be protect have not yet been honored with the appointment of a ed “to prevent farmers from becoming planters." I judge of this court. It is not a matter of any imporappeal to the merchants, says he, for the fact, that tance, but the fact deserves notice. almost the only domestic production exported from this country last year, which was uniformly profit West POINT MILITARY ACADEMY. At the examinaable, was coarse cottons. Had the manufacture of tion in June last, the number of cadets from each the finer qualities been equally fostered, they would state at West Point, was found to be as follows, behave afforded similar aid to commerce-yet, strange ing nearly in proportion to the number of members in and melancholy to tell, the merchants, with scarcely congress from each state, viz:- From Maine 7, New a single exception, opposed the measure, with as Hampshire 7, Massachusetts 15, Rhode Island 2, Conmuch zeal and ardor, as if it had been pregnant necticut 6, Vermont 9, New York 35, New Jersey ?, with their destruction!

Pennsylvania 29, Delaware 2, Maryland 10, Virginia (EQPIt may be proper to add, that speculation has 24, North Carolina 13, South Carolina 12, Georgia 8, ceased in Baltimore, and that some would not be Kentucky 14, Tennessee 11, Obio 12, Louisiana 4, sorry to realize the high prices that they gave.] Indiana 5, Missouri 4, Alabama 5, Mississippi 2, mli

nois 2, Michigan 2, Florida 2, District of Columbia 2. "THE LONG HUNDRED” of 112 lbs. is rapidly going out of fashion, as it ought. We never could imagine BOSTON. Twenty-two store lots, on South-Market any reason why it was adopted, or discover any good street, Boston, were recently sold for $400,562 50. produced by the continued use of it. In all our chief None of them brought less than 10 dollars a [square) cities, sugar, rice, cocoa, &c. &c. heretofore sold by foot, and one sold at the rate of 21 dollars. They the cwt. of 112 lbs. are sold by the decimal 100 lbs. were all the property of the city-not long since purIt remains for congress to complete this reformation, chased, that ground might be obtained for building a by ordering that all goods, subject to inspection and new market house; and the affair has been so well duty, (when weighed), shall be marked with the pro- managed, that that important object is accomplished per pamber of pounds.

without expense, while some profit has been realized

by the whole purchase in a sale of the lots not rePersons OF COLOR. By the census of 1820, there quired for the erection of it, which brought more than were 10,326 free persons of color and 4,357 slaves in the original cost of the whole. the city of Baltimore. By the last annual bill of mor tality, it appears that, during the year 1824, there MASSACHUSETTS. Levi Lincoln has been elected died 368 of the former, and only 48 of the latter class governor, and Marcus Morton lieut. governor of this --or as one to twenty-eight of the free, and as one to commonwealth, by an almost unanimous vote. ninety of the slaves. And in Philadelphia the proportion of deaths among the blacks was as two to one, New HAMPSHIRE. David L. Morrill has been recompared with those of the white people.

elected governor without opposition. Titus Brown This is well called “evidence of improvidence;" has been chosen to fill the vacancy in the house of reand the fact certainly is, that the free blacks in Bal presentatives of the United States occasioned by the timore are not only less abundantly supplied with the resignation of gen. Miller; and Mr. Healy, to fill the necesegties and comforts of life than the slaves, but vacancy left at the last election, by a large majority they are also much less moral and virtuous. No one lorer Mr. E. Webster.

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