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* Richard de Wiche. So called from a village in Worcestershire, the place of his birth; a pious scholar, and exemplary divine. He studied at Oxford, Paris, and Bononia, where he became professor of the Canon Law. On his return to England, he was.confecrated to the bishoprick of Chichester, A.D. 1245, by the influence of the archbishop, in opposition to the wish of the king. He is celebrated, absurdly, for his miracles; but seems to have really deserved commendation for his zeal and example. He died April 3d, 1253, and was canonized by Urban IV. 1262.

+ St. Ambrose was born A. D. 340. Shortly after his birth a swarm of bees is said to have settled on his cradle, an omen of his future eloquence. His father was Prætorian Prefect of Gaul, with whom Ambrose received his education. On the decease of his father he attended his mother to Rome, and after studying and practising the civil law, he was promoted to the dignity of gorernor of Milan, and its surrounding jurisdiction. It was here that the omen at his birth received its confirmation; for considerable oppo

sition and disturbance being excited in the city by different competitors . for the bishoprick of Milan, vacant by the death of Auxentius, St. Ambrose

exhorted the citizens to quiet and order with so bewitching an eloquence as occafioned them unanimously to request he would fill the vacant see, He had the honour of converting St. Austia to Christianity. He died

A. D. 396.

I Alphege. Archbishop of Canterbury, an Englishman of high family, but of more exalted piety. He was successively abbot of Bath, bishop of Winchester, and archbishop of Canterbury. In the year 1012 he fell a victim to the fury of the Danes, who, under the pretence of part of their tribute being withheld, attacked and plundered Canterbury, put the greater part of its citizens to death, and threw the archbishop into prison. Seven months afterwards he was stoned to death at Greenwich, in the church of which place is the following inscription: “ This church was erected and " dedicated to the glory of God, and the memory of St. Alphegę, arche " bilhop of Canterbury, here Nain by the Danes.” He was shortly after canonized, and the 19th of April was appointed for his festival.

St. George, the patron saint of England, suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Dioclelian, A. D. 290, for the alleged crime of pulling down the ediēt against the Christians which that emperor had caused to be affixed to the church doors. According to Mr. Gibbon, he was an Arian bishop, who lived in the reign of Constantius and Julian. His history, if not his existence, is very doubtful. The occafion of his being chosen the patron faint of England was (as it is faid) his miraculous appearance, with a vast risionary army, in behalf of Robert of Normandy, (William the Cona queror's fon) when he was besieging Antioch, and threatened by a vast body of Saracens, who came to relieve the place. The Saracens beheld the innumerable host of St. George, were panic-struck; and flede

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* Invention of the Cross; or the finding of the cross on which Christ was crucified, by Helena, the mother of Conftantine the Great. Admo. nished in a dream to this effect, the journeyed to Jerusalem, in order to kearch for the sacred tree on mount Calvary; and having dire&ted labourers to dig there, they after a time discovered three crosses; that on which our Saviour and the two thieves had been crucified. Uncertain, however, which had borne the body of Jesus, she directed each of them succesively to be applied to the corpse of a dead woman. The two first produced no effect on the defunct; but upon the application of the third to the body is was immediately restored to life.

St. John ante Portam Latinam; so called because he was miracun loully preserved before the gate of Rome called Porta Latina. The account of his danger and escape is thus given in the Lives of the Saints: " The emperour Domycyan commanded Johan should be brought to " Rome; and whan he was there, they broughte him to fore the gate called " Porte Latyn, and put him in a tunne ful of brennyng oyle; but he never " felte harme ne payne. And wythout suffering any harme he yssued out.

In that place crysten men dyd make a faire chyrche, and thys daye made " a solemne feafte, as it were the day of his marterdom.”

1 Dunstan, archbishop. Born at Glastonbury; made abbot of that monastery, A. D. 941; and raised afterwards to the fee of Canterbury, He seems to have been a zealous but imprudent prelate; devoted to the monks, and by them induced to do many things inconlistent with his dignity and the religion he professed. Amongst which may be reckoned the abominable means he adopted (which were but too successful) of making the married secular clergy put away their wives, and preyenting the lingle ones from marrying. He died May 19, 4. D. 988,

Augustine was the famous monk, already mentioned, fent by Gre. gory I. with forty companions to Britain, for the purpose of converting the natives to Christianity, which he happily effected. He was made archbishop of Canterbury, A. D. 596. The observation of the day of his death, May 26th, 607, was enjoined by Cuthbert archbishop of Canter. bury, and by the Pope's bull, in the reign of Edward III.

Venerable Bede, an ecclefiaftic, born in Northumberland, A. D. 672; and styled venerable from his great acquirements, profound piety, and ex. emplary virtue. His literary merit is attested by his numerous works the chief of which is his Ecclesiastical History, which remains to this day. This he published in 131, and survived its publication only four years. He was buried at Yarrow, and his bones afterwards removed to Durham. His works were first published * Paris in 1944 in seven volumes folio..


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Nicomede, a priest of Rome, a scholar of St. Peter: he suffered martyrdom under the Emperor Domitian, by being beaten to death with clubs, for burying with decency another martyr called Felicula.

Boniface, bishop of Mentz; a Saxon born in England, and called in early life Wilfrid. Being commissioned by Pope Gregory II. to preach the gospel in Germany, he converted many provinces there, and on that account was styled the Apostle of Germany. A resemblance of pursuits and character produced a striet friendship between Bede and Boniface, which was cultivated with great warmth till the death of the former. • Boniface, endeavouring to convert the Frisians, was killed by then,

A.D. 755.

St. Alban. The first Christian martyr in England. He was born at: Verulam, now St. Alban's, in the third century; served seven years in the army of Dioclefian, became a Christian, and was put to death under that Emperor's persecution of the Christians. Offa king of Mercia, built the ftately monastery of St. Alban's to the memory of this martyr.

1. Translation of Edward, king of the West-Saxons. This prince, having been murdered by his step-mother Elfrida, was first interred at Wareham in a private manner. But at the suggestion of the monks about three years afterwards, Duke Alferus caused his remains to be translated in a public and pompous manner to the minster of Shaftesbury.

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